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SKRIPSI

MEDICAL SCHOOL
HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY
JULY 2015
Yayu Winda Sari (C111 10 013)
dr. Irwin Aras, MEpid, MmedEd
" THE RELATED OF PREECLAMPSIA RISK FACTORS WITH DEGREE
PREECLAMPSIA TO PREGNANT WOMEN IN HOSPITAL OF SPECIAL
MOTHER AND CHILD SITI FATIMAH MAKASSAR 2014 "
( xvi + 65 pages )
ABSTRACT
Background : Hypertension in Pregnancy ( HDK ) is the leading cause of
maternal mortality is highest in Indonesia in 2010. The shape of the most harmful
of HDK is eclampsia is a complication of pre - eclampsia. In South Sulawesi,
eclampsia is still included in the three main causes of maternal death. Pre eclampsia is a complication of obstetric exact cause is unknown, many theories
suspect the incident was caused by a multifactorial. This study aims to determine
the relationship between the status of parity, multiple pregnancy, maternal age,
and a history of pre - eclampsia on the degree of pre - eclampsia.
Methods : The study design was cross -sectional study. The study was conducted
on 22 June to 4 July 2015 in the Maternal and Child RSKD Siti Fatimah
Makassar. Determination of the number of samples using total sampling. The
number of samples obtained is 114 mothers. The type of data used are secondary
data derived from hospital medical records, collecting data using a spreadsheet.
Analysis of data using univariate and bivariate analysis using chi square test.
Results: Pregnant women with parity nulliparous or multiparous most commonly
found with a number of 85 (74.6%) and suffered the most severe pre-eclampsia
which 55 (64.7%), most of the pregnant woman is pregnant with a single on
pregnancy 108 ( 94.7%) and suffered the most severe pre-eclampsia which 72
(66.7%), the majority of pregnant women are in the age group 20-35 years 89
(78.1%) and suffered the most severe pre-eclampsia which 59 (66.3%), the
majority of pregnant women are who have no history of pre-eclampsia 99 (86.8%)
and suffered the most severe pre-eclampsia which 64 (64.6%). There is no
significant relationship between nulliparous or multiparous with severe preeclampsia (p = 0.595, PoR = 0.698). There is no significant relationship between
multiple pregnancy with severe pre-eclampsia (p = 1.000, PoR = 1.000). There is
no significant association between maternal age <20 years or >35 years old with
severe pre-eclampsia (p = 1.000, PoR = 1.081). There is no significant association
between a history of pre-eclampsia with severe pre-eclampsia (p = 0.378, PoR =
2.188).
Conclusion : There is no relationship status parity, multiple pregnancy, maternal
age, history of pre - eclampsia and severe pre - eclampsia in RSKD Mother and
Child Siti Fatimah Makassar 2014 .

Keywords : pre - eclampsia, the status of parity, multiple pregnancy, maternal


age, history of pre eclampsia
Reference : 40 (1973-2014)