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Name:_____________________________________

Atomic Structure Learning Module Worksheet


Part I: General Atomic Structure
Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ypo6wGqIGY
1. According to many chemists and physicists the atom can be considered the _____________
block of __________________.
2. How many different kinds of atoms have scientists found naturally occurring on earth?_______
a. Challlenge Question: What makes these atoms different?
_____________________________________________________________________.
3. A substance made of only one kind of atom is known as an _______________________.
4. Circle the one that is NOT an element.
a. Gold
b. Helium
c. Phosphorus
d. Air
5. Explain why your answer in question #4 is not an element.

6. Challenge Question: If you were somehow able to change the number of protons in the atoms of
an element which properties might you expect to change?
a. Color
b. Density
c. Melting Point
d. Electrical Conductivity
e. A and C only
f. B and D only
g. All of the Above

7. Can more than one element have the same atomic number? yes/no
8. Circle the one that is NOT the correct symbol of one of the 92 elements on earth.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

H
Fe
BY
C
Cl

Extension/Research/Thought Questions.

9. Table salt is composed of what 2 elements? _________ & ____________


10. What is the most abundant element in the air we breathe? _______________

Part II: The Atomic Nucleus


Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMDrb2LqL7E
1. The nucleus of an atom is made up of what two sub-atomic particles? ___________________ &
_______________________.
2. Protons have a ________________ charge, while electrons have a _____________________
charge.
3. Neutrons have ______ charge, which is why the name is derived from the word neutral.
4. In your own words, describe what neutrons do in the nucleus (i.e. why are neutrons necessary
for atomic structure as we know it?)

5. Why does Hydrogen (H) not need a neutron?

6. Fill in table with missing information.


Element

Element Symbol

Number of Protons/
Atomic Number

Lithium

Li

Oxygen
6
Na
17
Br
19
Boron
7
92
Iodine
Ca

7. What would you call Carbon (C; atomic number = 6) if you added 1 proton to its nucleus?
______________________

8. What would call Potassium (K; atomic number = 19) if you removed 1 proton from its nucleus?
______________________

Part III: Atomic Mass


Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_S7ov25y3_M
1. The mass of an atom (i.e. its mass number) is calculated by adding the number of
P__________ + the number of N__________________.
2. Complete the following equation:
a. The Number of Neutrons = The M______ N________

The Number of

P____________.
3. Fill in table with missing information.
Element

Element
Symbol

Mass Number

Number of
Protons

Number of
Neutrons

Example: Carbon

12

Uranium

16

19

10

235

Iodine

81

35

32

15

131
7
B

Sodium

11
23

Part IV: Net Charge


Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xz14VaLMw1U ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZzkL3DNjz_s
1. Protons have a ________________ charge, while electrons have a _____________________
charge.
2. Complete the following equation:
a. The Net Charge = The Number of P__________ - The Number of
E_______________

3. Fill in table with missing information.


Element

Element
Symbol

Number of
Protons

Number of
Electrons

12

10
23

Charge

+3
-1

11
O

+1
-2

13

+3

Ca

+2

Ne

0
27

Mn

+2
+2

Part V: Bohrs Diagram of the Atom (AKA, Where are The Electrons)
Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=STCrjxxRf-g ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVW1zDPPZGM
1. List the 3 main postulates (i.e. assumptions or beliefs) of the Bohr model of the atom.
a.
b.
c.
2. Draw electrons in their appropriate energy levels (aka shells) for each element listed below.
a.

a.
b. Mg

Part VI: Quantum Numbers


Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZkS6H5uMeU , https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKzh5yeQGjA
, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ECUybycbm3U
1. What does the quantum number describe?

2. How many quantum numbers are there?________


3. Fill in the table below describing the quantum numbers:
a. n = ____________ Quantum Number
i.

It describes

______________________________________________________.
ii.

Possible values are: ______________________

b. = _____________ ______________
i.

It describes

______________________________________________________.
ii.

Possible values are: ______________________

c. m = _________ ____ ______________


i.

It describes

______________________________________________________.
ii.

Possible values are: ____________________

d. ms = _________ ____ ______________


i.

It describes

______________________________________________________.
ii.

Possible values are: ____________________

4. Complete the following table for quantum numbers:


a. Helper video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lo45fTuRAIY

Energy Level (n)

Possible sub-level
() values/
corresponding
letter symbol

Number of orbitals
in sub-level

Number of
electrons in sublevel

0/ s

1/ p

Total # of
electrons in
Energy Level

1
2

5. Name the orbitals described by the following quantum numbers:


a. Ex. n = 3, = 0 Answer is __3s__

d. n = 5, = 0

b. n = 3, = 1

________

c. n = 3, = 2

________

________

6. Give the n and values for the following orbitals


a. Example: 1s: n = _ 1 _ and = _0__
b. 3s: n = _____ and = ______
c. 2p: n = _____ and = ______
d. 4d: n = _____ and = ______
e. 5f: n = _____ and = ______
7. What are the possible ml values for the each of the following types of orbitals?

s: ______________________
p: ______________________
d: ______________________
f: ______________________

Part VII: Electron Energy Level Diagrams


Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psX-FZWX9H4 ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_rFuaCgPGtg
1. Label the electron orbitals in the Energy Level Diagram below:

2. Using the Aufbau strategy/principle, label the electron orbitals and fill in the
positions of the electrons in the Electron Energy Level Diagram for each of the
elements. Helper explanation: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-torepresent-electrons-in-an-energy-level-diag.html
Helper video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_rFuaCgPGtg
a. Carbon (C)

b. Sodium (Na)
c. Bromine (Br)

3. Write how many electrons can be held in each orbital:


i. Helper reading: https://socratic.org/questions/howmany-electrons-can-spdf-hold
ii.
Helper video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=jbxQWye9yD4 (0-2:30)
b. s: ______
c. p: ______
d. d: ______
e. f: ______

Part VIII: Writing Electron Configurations


Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_rFuaCgPGtg (Electron Configuration starts at ~6:00),
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbxQWye9yD4

Electron Configuration of ions


Write the electron configuration and draw a simplified electron diagram of the following
elements.
1. Example: Li: 1s22s1

2. F______________________________________

3. O_______________________________________

4. K_______________________________________

5. Ar_______________________________________

6. S_________________________________________

7.
Cu________________________________________

8.
Se________________________________________