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Job Number Sheet KTP/62/13 Job Title ROBINSON TOWER Client M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/62/13
Job Title
ROBINSON TOWER
Client
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MARCH 2014
P21-Y-BARRETE @ SECTION C-C
C13
General column design by PROKON. (GenCol Ver W2.4.01 - 01 Apr 2008)
Design code : CP65 - 1999
Input tables
General design parameters:
Code
X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)
Y (mm)
Angle (°)
+
700
800
800
800
-250
-1000
-1100
600
-1800
-800
-500
1350
-600
-
800
-500
C
200
+
40
-40
b
25
+
190
-40
b
25
+
340
-40
B
25
+
490
-40
B
25
+
640
-40
B
25
+
480.0
-960.0
B
25
+
40.0
-170.0
B
25
+
50.0
-480.0
B
25
+
51.0
-320.0
B
25
+
40.0
-970.0
B
25
+
50.0
-640.0
B
25
+
190.0
-970.0
B
25
+
50.0
-800.0
B
25
+
330.0
-960.0
B
25
+
630.0
-950.0
B
25
+
910.0
130.0
CONSULTANTS LLP
Job Number KTP/62/13 Sheet

Job Number

KTP/62/13

Sheet

Job Title

ROBINSON TOWER

 

Client

M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD

 
 

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

HT

Checked by

T&T

Date

MARCH 2014

   
 

B

25

   

+

1000.0

210.0

B

25

 

+

1090.0

300.0

B

25

 

+

1200.0

410.0

B

25

 

+

1510.0

740.0

B

25

 

+

1660.0

710.0

B

25

 

+

1310.0

530.0

B

25

 

+

1420.0

630.0

B

25

 

+

810.0

20.0

B

25

 

+

2092.0

400.0

B

25

 

+

2200.0

530.0

B

25

 

+

2000.0

590.0

B

25

 

+

1820.0

640.0

B

25

 

+

1780.0

50.0

B

25

 

+

1250.0

-480.0

B

25

 

+

1360.0

-370.0

B

25

 

+

1450.0

-260.0

B

25

 

+

1560.0

-150.0

B

25

 

+

1670.0

-50.0

B

25

 

+

1880.0

180.0

B

25

 

+

1970.0

290.0

B

25

 

+

1360.0

-920.0

B

25

 

+

700.0

-1070.0

B

25

 

+

750.0

-1230.0

B

25

 

+

820.0

-1410.0

B

25

 

+

1460.0

-1190.0

B

25

 

+

1410.0

-1050.0

 

CONSULTANTS LLP

 
Job Number Sheet KTP/62/13 Job Title ROBINSON TOWER Client M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/62/13
Job Title
ROBINSON TOWER
Client
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MARCH 2014
B
25
+
1330.0
-800.0
B
25
+
1270.0
-630.0
B
25
+
930.0
-1720.0
B
25
+
1060.0
-2050.0
B
25
+
1700.0
-1890.0
B
25
+
1000.0
-1880.0
B
25
+
1640.0
-1710.0
B
25
+
1580.0
-1530.0
B
25
+
870.0
-1560.0
B
25
+
1540.0
-1380.0
B
25
+
1460.0
-2300.0
B
25
+
1740.0
-2050.0
B
25
+
1110.0
-2200.0
B
25
+
1800.0
-2200.0
B
25
+
1190.0
-2310.0
B
25
+
1830.0
-2310.0
B
25
+
1650.0
-2310.0
B
25
+
1310.0
-2310.0
B
25
Design loads:
Load
Designation
case
P (kN)
Ultimate limit state design loads
Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm)
1
SW
SW + Mecc
SW + Mxx
SW + Myy
SW + Mxx + Myy
4418
2
4418
1178
1178
3
4418
1488
4
4418
1488
5
4418
1488
1488
CONSULTANTS LLP
Job Number Sheet KTP/62/13 Job Title ROBINSON TOWER Client M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/62/13
Job Title
ROBINSON TOWER
Client
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MARCH 2014
CP65 - 1999
Y
1000
General design parameters:
Given:
0
Lo = 24.000 m
fcu = 35 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 3167601 mm²
X
X
-1000
-2000
Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.
-3000
Y
Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure:
(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis
Through inspection:
Load case 5 (SW + Mxx + Myy) is critical.
Check column slenderness:
End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 3 (pinned).
The column is unbraced.
ß = 1.80
Table 3.21
Effective column height:
le = ß◊ Lo = 43.200 m
Check if the column is slender:
3.8.1.3
le/h = 25.1 > 10
The column is slender.
Initial moments:
The initial end moments about the X-X axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 1488.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
3.8.3.2
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 ≥ 0.4M2 = 892.8 kNm
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0
1000
2000
Job Number Sheet KTP/62/13 Job Title ROBINSON TOWER Client M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/62/13
Job Title
ROBINSON TOWER
Client
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MARCH 2014
The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 1488.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
3.8.3.2
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 ≥ 0.4M2 = 892.8 kNm
Deflection induced moments:
3.8.3.1
Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:
Nuz = 0.45◊ fcu◊ Ac + 0.87◊ fy◊ Asc = 61676.6 kN
Maximum allowable stress and strain:
Allowable compression stress in steel, fsc = 0.87◊ fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile stress in steel, fst = 0.87◊ fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile strain in steel, ey = fst/Es = 0.0019 m/m
Allowable compressive strain in concrete, ec = 0.0035 m/m
For bending about the weakest axis:
Weakest axis lies at an angle of -88.62° to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h-dc = 2187mm
Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es)◊ (h-dc) =1415.8 mm
Nbal = 0.44◊ b◊ fcu◊ xbal + ∑(Ast◊ fs + Asc◊ fsd) = 31175.5 kN
K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 1.000
ßa = (1/2000)◊ (le/h)² = 0.315
1.0
Madd = N◊ ßa◊ K◊ h = 3183.6
kNm
Maddx = Madd*cos(-88.62°) = 76.5 kNm
Maddy = Madd*sin(-88.62°) = 3182.7 kNm
Design ultimate load and moment:
Design axial load:
P u = 4418.0 kN
For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
3.8.3.7
(a)
M2 + Maddx = 1564.5 kNm
(b)
emin◊ N = 88.4
kNm
Mx = 1564.5 kNm
Moments about X-X axis( kNm)
Mxtop=1488.0 kNm
Mx=1564.5 kNm
Mxmin=88.4 kNm
+
=
Initial
Additional
Design
CONSULTANTS LLP
Job Number Sheet KTP/62/13 Job Title ROBINSON TOWER Client M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/62/13
Job Title
ROBINSON TOWER
Client
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MARCH 2014
For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
3.8.3.7
(a)
M2 + Maddy = 4670.7 kNm
(b)
emin◊ N = 88.4 kNm
My = 4670.7 kNm
Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)
Mytop=1488.0 kNm
My=4670.7 kNm
Mymin=88.4 kNm
+
=
Initial
Additional
Design
Check for miminum eccentricity:
3.8.2.4
Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
Use emin = 20mm
Mmin = 88.4 kNm about the X-X axis.
Design of column section for ULS:
The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies at the top end of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 5 lies at an angle of 108.52° to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 5 is 3.05
For bending about the design axis:
Interaction Diagram
55E3
50E3
45E3
40E3
35E3
30E3
25E3
20E3
15E3
10E3
5000
4418 kN
-5000
-10E3
Bending moment (kNm)
CONSULTANTS LLP
Axial load (kN)
-16E3
-14E3
-12E3
-10E3
-8000
-6000
-4000
-2000
0.00
2000
4000
4926 kNm
6000
8000
10E3
12E3
14E3
16E3
18E3
Moment max = 16330kNm @ 25E3kN
Job Number KTP/62/13 Sheet

Job Number

KTP/62/13

 

Sheet

Job Title

ROBINSON TOWER

 
 

Client

M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD

 
 

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

HT

Checked by

T&T

Date

MARCH 2014

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:

   
 

At the top, Mx = 4925.7 kNm Near mid-height, Mx = 3414.7 kNm At the bottom, Mx = 88.4 kNm

 

Stresses at the top end of the column for the critical load case 5

 
 

CP65 - 1999

 
Y D 0 108.5° X X
Y
D
0
108.5°
X
X

1000

-1000

-2000

 

1000

2000

0

Y

D

-3000

Summary of design calculations:

Design table for critical load case:

 
 

Moments and Reinforcement for LC 5:SW + Mxx +

 
 

Top

Middle

Bottom

 

Madd-x

(kNm)

-76.5

57.4

-0.0

Madd-y

(kNm)

-3182.7

2387.0

-0.0

Mx

(kNm)

1564.5

950.2

-0.0

My

(kNm)

4670.7

3279.8

-0.0

M'

(kNm)

4925.7

3414.7

88.4

Design axis (°)

108.52

106.16

0.00

Safety factor

3.05

4.63

12.34

Asc

(mm²)

29452

29452

29452

Percentage

0.92

%

0.92

%

0.92

%

AsNom

(mm²)

12670

12670

12670

Critical load case: LC 5

 

Design results for all load cases:

 

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Job Number KTP/62/13 Sheet

Job Number

KTP/62/13

Sheet

 

Job Title

ROBINSON TOWER

 
 

Client

M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD

 
 

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

HT

 

Checked by

T&T

Date

MARCH 2014

   
                   

Safety

 
 

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

M1 (kNm)

M2 (kNm)

Mi (kNm)

Madd (kNm)

Design

M (kNm)

M' (kNm)

factor

Load case 1 SW

X-X

Y-Y

     
  • 0.0 0.0

    • 0.0 0.0
      0.0

  • 4418.0 3179.5

    • 0.0 4.692

0.0

  • 0.0 Top

 

76.4

3180.5

 

Load case 2 SW + Mecc

X-X

Y-Y

     
  • 1178.0 706.8
    706.8

  • 0.0 1254.5

3982.6

  • 4418.0 4360.7

    • 0.0 3.319

13.4

  • 1178.0 Top

   

4537.6

 

Load case 3 SW + Mxx

X-X

Y-Y

   

0.0

  • 1488.0 892.8

0.0

  • 0.0 1564.5

1261.8

  • 4418.0 Top

    • 0.0 4.885

0.0

 

3182.7

3546.4

 

Load case 4 SW + Myy

X-X

Y-Y

   
  • 0.0 0.0

0.0

1488.0

892.8

70.6

  • 4418.0 Top

    • 0.0 3.199

3214.1

 

76.5

4670.7

4671.3

 

Load case 5

SW + Mxx + M

X-X

Y-Y

   

1488.0

1488.0

892.8

892.8

  • 0.0 1564.5

76.5

  • 4418.0 Top

    • 0.0 3.046

3182.7

 

4670.7

4925.7

 

Load case 5 (SW + Mxx + Myy) is critical.

 

CONSULTANTS LLP