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Job Number

Job Title
Client
Calcs by

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

TYPE-01- P29,P31,P33,P35&P37-ZONE 01 @ SECTION A-A


General column design by PROKON.
Design code : CP65 - 1999

Input tables
General design parameters:
Y (mm)
Angle ()

Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

MARCH 2014
C13

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

20

1568.2

20

1758.2

20

1705.8

20

1895.8

20

1803.3

2400

800

20

-500

-800

2053.3

20

1880.9

20

200.9

20

2218.444

20

770.0

20

-1400
800

2400
150

2346.000

20

337.6

20

515.1

20

632.7

20

502.7

20

67.8

20

667.8

20

925.3

20

1062.9

20

822.9

20

970.4

20

1148.0

20

1195.6

20

1315.6

20

1313.1

20

1483.1

20

1440.7

20

1610.7

CONSULTANTS LLP

400
750.000
747.5

52.5
747.5
52.5
747.5
52.5
747.5
747.500
50.0

52.5

Design loads:
52.5
747.5
752.5
747.5
52.5
52.5
747.5

Load
case

Designation

Ultimate limit state design loads


P (kN)

Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm)

SW

4418

SW + Mecc

4418

1178

SW + Mxx

4418

1488

SW + Myy

4418

SW + Mxx + Myy

4418

General design parameters:


Given:
Lo = 12.000 m
fcu = 40 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 1445230 mm

1178
1488

1488

1488

CP65 - 1999

747.5
747.5
52.5

Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.

747.5
52.5
747.5
52.5
747.5
CONSULTANTS LLP

1000

3000

1200

MARCH 2014

737.5

2000

Date

52.5

1000

-500

Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Code
+

X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)

(GenCol Ver W2.4.01 - 01 Apr 2008)

Sheet

Job Number
Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Sheet

Job Number

Date

MARCH 2014

Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure:
(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis

For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a) M2 + Maddx = 2757.8 kNm
(b) emin N = 88.4 kNm
Mx = 2757.8 kNm

Moments about X-X axis( kNm)

Table 3.21

3.8.1.3

Initial

Additional

Design

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a) M2 + Maddy = 0.2 kNm
(b) emin N = 88.4 kNm
My = 0.2 kNm

Initial moments:
The initial end moments about the X-X axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 1488.0 kNm
3.8.3.2

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)

My=0.2 kNm
Mymin=88.4 kNm

Mytop=0.0 kNm

The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:


M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 0.0 kNm

3.8.3.2

Deflection induced moments:

3.8.3.1

Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:


Nuz = 0.45 fcu Ac + 0.87 fy Asc = 29534.5 kN
Initial

Maximum allowable stress and strain:


Allowable compression stress in steel, fsc = 0.87 fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile stress in steel, fst = 0.87 fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile strain in steel, ey = fst/Es = 0.0019 m/m
Allowable compressive strain in concrete, ec = 0.0035 m/m
For bending about the weakest axis:
Weakest axis lies at an angle of -0.01 to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h-dc = 750mm
Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es) (h-dc) =485.7 mm
Nbal = 0.44 b fcu xbal + (Ast fs + Asc fsd) = 16246.6 kN
CONSULTANTS LLP

3.8.3.7

Mx=2757.8 kNm
Mxmin=88.4 kNm

Mxtop=1488.0 kNm

Effective column height:


le = Lo = 21.600 m

The initial moment near mid-height of the column :


Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 892.8 kNm

MARCH 2014

Design axial load:


Pu = 4418.0 kN

Check column slenderness:

Check if the column is slender:


le/h = 26.8 > 10
The column is slender.

Date

Design ultimate load and moment:

Through inspection:
Load case 3 (SW + Mxx) is critical.

End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 3 (pinned).
The column is unbraced.
= 1.80

Sheet

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
Client
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 1.000 1.0
a = (1/2000) (le/h) = 0.359
Madd = N a K h = 1269.8 kNm
Maddx = Madd*cos(-0.01) = 1269.8 kNm
Maddy = Madd*sin(-0.01) = 0.2 kNm
Job Title

CONSULTANTS LLP

Additional

Design

3.8.3.7

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Sheet

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Job Number
Job Title
Client

Date

Check for miminum eccentricity:


Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
Use emin = 20mm
Mmin = 88.4 kNm about the X-X axis.

MARCH 2014
3.8.2.4

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Date

MARCH 2014

Stresses at the top end of the column for the critical load case 3

Design of column section for ULS:


The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies at the top end of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 3 lies at an angle of 180.00 to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 3 is 1.08

CP65 - 1999

1000

For bending about the design axis:


180.0
Interaction Diagram

XD

Moment max = 3821 kNm @ 11E3kN

Axial load (kN)

DX

3000

2000

1000

0
0

28E3
26E3
24E3
22E3
20E3
18E3
16E3
14E3
12E3
10E3
8000
6000
4000
2000

Bending moment (kNm)

4000

3500

3000

2000

2500
2758 kNm

-2000

1500

1000

500

0.00

-500

-1000

-1500

-2000

-2500

-3000

-3500

-4000

4418 kN

Summary of design calculations:


Design table for critical load case:
Moments and Reinforcement for LC 3:SW + Mxx

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:
At the top, Mx = 2757.8 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 1845.2 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 88.4 kNm

Middle

Bottom

Madd-x

(kNm) -1269.8

Top

952.4

-0.0

Madd-y

(kNm) -0.2

0.2

-0.0

Mx

(kNm) 2757.8

1845.2

-0.0

My

(kNm) 0.2

0.2

-0.0

M'

(kNm) 2757.8

1845.2

88.4

Design axis ()

180.00

180.00

0.00

Safety factor

1.08

2.00

5.92

(mm) 8796

8796

8796

0.60 %

0.60 %

5781

5781

Asc

Percentage
AsNom

0.60 %

(mm) 5781

Critical load case: LC 3

Design results for all load cases:

CONSULTANTS LLP

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 1
SW

X-X
Y-Y

4418.0

CONSULTANTS LLP

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design


0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

Top

M (kNm) M' (kNm)


1274.9
0.2

1274.9

Safety
factor
2.914

Job Number
Job Title
Client
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 2
SW + Mecc

X-X
Y-Y

4418.0

0.0
0.0

1178.0
1178.0

706.8
706.8

3982.6
13.4

Load case 3
SW + Mxx

X-X
Y-Y

4418.0

0.0
0.0

1488.0
0.0

892.8
0.0

1269.8
0.2

Load case 4
SW + Myy

X-X
Y-Y

4418.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
1488.0

0.0
892.8

1394.7
0.1

4418.0

0.0
0.0

1488.0
1488.0

892.8
892.8

1257.5
0.0

Load case 5
X-X
SW + Mxx + MyyY-Y

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design

Load case 3 (SW + Mxx) is critical.

CONSULTANTS LLP

Sheet

KTP/62/13
ROBINSON TOWER
M/s KTP S'PORE PTE LTD
Checked by
HT
T&T

Date

M (kNm) M' (kNm)

MARCH 2014
Safety
factor

Top

2447.8
1178.2

2716.6

1.376

Top

2757.8
0.2

2757.8

1.079

Top

1269.8
1488.2

1956.3

3.304

Top

2757.8
1488.2

3133.7

1.172