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IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering | Volume 3 | Issue 06 | December 2016

ISSN (online): 2349-784X

Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of


Concrete by using Marble Sludge Powder as
Admixtures
A. Dhanalakshmi
Assistant Professor
Department of Civil Engineering
P.S.R Engineering College, Sivakasi, TamilNadu.

Abstract
Nowadays reusing of waste material is necessary to reduce the waste deposit in our world. The waste deposit will create harmful
to the environment and human beings. In this project marble sludge powder was used as admixture. Marble sludge powder is a
waste product when sawing and the polishing processes were done. The main objective of our project is to study the influence of
admixtures used with marble powder, and to compare it with the compressive strength, tensile strength, and flexural strength of
ordinary M20 concrete. We are also trying to find the percentage of marble powder adding (4%, 6%,8%,10%) in concrete that
makes the strength of the concrete maximum. marble powder of volume fractions 2,6, 8, & 10% on Ordinary Portland cement
concrete.
Keywords: Ordinary Portland cement, Marble powder, Compressive strength. Split tensile strength, flexural strength
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I.

INTRODUCTION

From the ancient time, marble is one of the most important materials used especially for decorative purposes. However its
powder has polluted the environment, soil, water and creates health problems to human beings. Marble powder is produced from
sawing and polishing of marble blocks. About 7,000,000 tons of marble have been produced in the world. Disposal of the marble
powder material of the marble industry is one of the environmental problems worldwide today. The sanitization of some fresh
and hardened properties of concrete is successfully and economically achieved by utilizing and using some admixture materials
such as mineral additions such as fly ash, silica fume, and marble powder. Several researchers studied the influence of using fly
ash and silica fume on the properties of normal concrete, high strength concrete. In recent years many researches proved that
mineral admixtures can be successfully and economically utilized to improve some fresh and hardened concrete properties.
Furthermore, the use of marble powder for the production of concrete were investigated and proved that they could be used to
improve the mechanical properties.
II. MATERIALS USED AND MIX DETAILS
Cement
The cement used is chettinad OPC 53 grade cement. The Ordinary Portland Cement of 53 grades conforming to IS: 12269-1989
was used. Tests were conducted on cement like Consistency tests, Setting tests, Specific gravity test, and Fineness modulus test.
The tested properties of cement are given in Table 1.
S.No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Table 1
Properties of Cement
Properties
Results
Specific Gravity
3.16
Consistency
3.6%
Initial Setting time
30 min
Final Setting time 10 hours
Fineness modulus
32%

Fine Aggregate
Fine aggregate used in the experiments were locally available natural river sand and also conforming to the requirements of IS:
383-1970. The tested properties of River sand are given in Table 2.

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56

Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Concrete by using Marble Sludge Powder as Admixtures
(IJSTE/ Volume 3 / Issue 06 / 012)

Table 2
Properties of M-Sand
S.No
1.
2.

Properties
Specific Gravity
Fineness modulus

Results
2.80
2.80 %

Coarse Aggregate
The coarse aggregate used in this investigation is 20mm size crushed aggregate conforming to the requirements of IS: 2386. The
tested properties of coarse aggregate are given in Table 3.
Table 3
Properties of Coarse Aggregate
S.No
Properties
Results
1.
Specific Gravity
2.6
2.
Fineness modulus 8.4 %

Water
Clean water available in the laboratory, was used for the preparation of specimens and Potable water used for curing of concrete.
Mix Proportion
According to IS 10262-1985 the mix proportion for M25 grade of concrete was arrived.
Water
191.58 lit
0.43

Table - 4
Mix Proportion
Cement
Fine aggregate
445.53 kg/m3
550.53 kg/m3
1
1.23

Coarse aggregate
1152.01 kg/m3
2.5

Test Specimens and testing procedure


The concrete cubes and cylinders were casted in the size of 150mm 150mm and 150mm 300mm. According to the mix
proportion of M25 grade were thoroughly mixed. The cubes and cylinders were properly compacted and casted. All the concrete
cubes and cylinders were de-molded within 24 hours after casting. The de-molded test specimens were appropriately cured in
water available in the laboratory at an age of 28 days. After 7 and 28 days the specimens were tested. Compressive test was
carried out according to the IS: 516-1959 and split tensile test was carried out according to the ASTM C496.
III. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Compressive Strength
The compressive strength of concrete was determined at the age of 7 days and 28 days is given in Table 6.The specimens
casted and tested as per IS: 516-1959 -11.

were

Table 6
Compressive Strength of Concrete at 7 Days and 28 Days
Type of Concrete Compressive Strength (N/mm2)
S.No
Marble powder
7 days
28 days
1.
Control
13.33
24
2.
4%
13.7
24.7
3.
6%
15.5
26.8
4.
8%
17.0
27.1
5
10%
19.3
28.7

Split Tensile Strength


The split tensile strength of concrete was tested as per specimens were casted and tested as per ASTM C496 -13. The results are
given in Table 7.
Table 7
Split Tensile Strength of Concrete at 7 Days and 28 Days
Type of Concrete Split tensile Strength (N/mm2)
S.No
Marble powder
7 days
28 days
1
Control
2.12
2.95
2
4%
2.83
3.26
3
6%
2.69
3.73
4
8%
2.83
3.39
5
10%
2.97
3.89

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57

Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Concrete by using Marble Sludge Powder as Admixtures
(IJSTE/ Volume 3 / Issue 06 / 012)

Flexural Strength
The flexural strength of concrete was tested as per specimens were casted and tested as per ASTM C348 14. The results are
given in Table 8.
Table 8
Flexural Strength of Concrete at 7 Days and 28 Days
Type of Concrete flexural Strength (N/mm2)
S.No
Marble powder
7 days
28 days
1
Control
1.75
2.25
2
4%
1.84
2.3
3
6%
1.86
2.39
4
8%
2.0
2.69
5
10%
2..2
2.8

The compressive strength of concrete for cubes and cylinders, prisms for all three concentrations at 7 and 28 days of curing
was represented in Table 5 and Table 6 and Table 8. The addition of Marble powder adding which give better results when
compare to the control mix.. Medium workability was achieved with the arrived water cement ratio 0.5. The compressive
strength of 19.3 and 28.7 MPa and split tensile strength of 2.97 and 3.89 MPa and flexural strength of 2.2 and 2.8 MPa was
achieved in the mix due to the presence of marble powder which exhibits more effect. Figure 1 represents the compressive
strength at 7 and 28 days and Figure 2 represent the split tensile strength at 7 and 28 days and Figure 3 represent the flexural
strength at 7 and 28 days .

Fig. 1: Compressive Strength of Specimens

Fig. 2: Split Tensile Strength of Specimens

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58

Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Concrete by using Marble Sludge Powder as Admixtures
(IJSTE/ Volume 3 / Issue 06 / 012)

Fig. 3: Flexural Strength of Specimens

IV. CONCLUSION

The compressive strength of concrete increases upto 20% at the age of 28day by addition of marble sludge powder the when
compared to conventional concrete
The split tensile strength of concrete increases upto 31% at the age of 28day by addition of marble sludge powder when
compared to conventional concrete.
The flexural strength of concrete increases upto 24% at the age of 28day by addition of marble sludge powder when
compared to conventional concrete.
It can be concluded that marble sludge powder using for concrete as admixture is to be increase the mechanical properties of
concrete.
REFERENCES

[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]

Baboo Rai Influence of Marble powder/granules in Concrete mix, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 1, No 4, 2011.
IS: 10262-1982 Recommended Guidelines for Concrete Mix DesignBureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
Prof P. A. Shirulea (2012) Partial Replacement of Cement with Marble Dust Powder, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and
Studies E-ISSN2249897.
Effect of using Marble Powder in Concrete Mixes on the Behavior and Strength of R.C. Slabs Noha M. Soliman.

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