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February 25, 2016

Vol. 50 Issue No. 18

$300,000 Per Bed

UCSC plans for West Campus housing expansion

amid enrollment increase Page 7


Electrified on the West Side

KZSC, College Eight and Oakes plan music festival


Rushad Eggleston

Carmel-based hazy & harmonic rock

n roll group


Santa Cruz, Los Angeles and Atlantabased DJs and rappers

Angie Batz

Los Angeles and Santa Cruz-based


Mesha L + SPC-CDT

Santa Cruz-based experimental hiphop duo

Solar Glory

Santa Cruz-based space rock and

psychedelic band
me with the lineup [for West Fest], Salandra
said. We all have completely different tastes in
music so it was cool to get together and end up
picking a lot of the same artists.
While the KZSC team found the talent for
West Fest, Colleges Eight and Oakes centered
their attention on logistics and other festival
amenities. Fernanda Madrigal, co-leader of the
logistics committee for West Fest, spends most
of her time delegating tasks for the West Fest
volunteer team, obtaining equipment for the
show and most importantly making sure all the
attendees will be hydrated and well fed.
Free food has been donated by local
businesses and purchased by the colleges.
Additionally, the festival will display student
artwork and have about 10 to 12 campus
organizations tabling throughout the afternoon.
This festival offers its audience a variety
of music, from rap to rock and even a cellist
on the lineup. Santa Cruz natives and musical


(831) 459-2430

(831) 459-4350

(831) 459-2444

UCSC Press Center
1156 High St.
Santa Cruz, CA 95064

duo, Mesha L and SPC-CDT were introduced

to the show through a friend on Facebook. As
experimental hip-hop artists, their conscious
lyrics over smooth, melodic sounds and old
school hip-hop beats defies the laws of todays
hip-hop music. Priding themselves on their
versatility, the duos contributions to West Fests
eclectic set list wont go unnoticed.
[Our music] is not like your everyday boots
and cats, but it definitely has that basic part of
it. We put in a lot of spacey tunes, Mesha L said.
Its really refreshing for me because Ive worked
with other hip-hop artists, and its always the
same shit. It was really exciting to jump into
something different and still bring hip hop to
In assembling performers like Mesha L and
SPC-CDT for West Fest, Salandra knew the
combination of artists would spark curiosity
from the audience. The festival lineup will also
include his&herAnatomy, grammy-nominated

me pretty

Santa Cruz-based punk group

cellist, Rushad Eggleston, Solar Glory, me pretty,

Angie Batz and Sky Country. KZSC DJs will also
mix on the turntables in between performances.
Ultimately, we wanted different genres to
be represented, Salandra said, We wanted to
make it a little weird because KZSC isnt into
mainstream music really. So we might put
people out of their comfort zones. There may
be some acts where people are like, OK, this is
weird but whatever. But hopefully therell be
some nice surprises.
West Fest is a free event and will take place on
the College Eight Upper Lawn on Friday, Feb. 26
from 4-7 p.m.


City on a Hill Press is produced by and for UCSC students. Our primary goal is
to report and analyze issues affecting the student population and the Santa Cruz
We also serve to watchdog the politics of the UC administration. While we
endeavor to present multiple sides of a story, we realize our own outlooks influence
the presentation of the news. The City on a Hill Press (CHP) collective is dedicated
to covering underreported events, ideas and voices. Our desks are devoted to
certain topics: campus and city news, sports and arts and entertainment. CHP
is a campus paper, but it also provides space for Santa Cruz residents to present
their views and interact with the campus community. Ideally, CHPs pages will
serve as an arena for debate, challenge and ultimately, change.
CHP is published weekly in the fall, winter and spring quarters by the City on
a Hill Press publishing group, except during Thanksgiving and academic breaks.
The opinions expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect the opinions of
the staff at large, or the University of California.





As festival season approaches, the same

names tend to appear on lineup announcements
across the country. Most musicians are selected
by popular demand, attracting trap queens
and EDM fans who will pack the stadiums and
But the rare music festival that exceeds the
audiences expectations of the genres that are
normally represented in festivals is something
to hold onto. KZSC, in collaboration with
Colleges Eight and Oakes, is hosting West Fest, a
music festival featuring local talent and vendors
on the west side of campus.
The idea to plan a music festival on the west
side came from a new student taking the Intro
to Radio course this quarter.
She was volunteering at the time and
expressed interest in the promotions position
and working with me and she was like, You
know, I have a roommate from College Eight
Senate. Maybe we can do a music festival, said
KZSCs promotions director and DJ Monica
Salandra wasnt concerned with the
unspoken rules of hosting a music festival. In
planning West Fest, Salandra concentrated on
the music and messages of artists to help craft
the lineup.
I dont know if I could pick a favorite genre,
but my votes [for West Fest] were definitely SPCCDT and Christine from his&herAnatomy is my
good friend, but I really wanted them to be there
because they have really awesome messages in
their music, Salandra said.
The votes Salandra refers to were casted
by a group of seven KZSC DJs. After sending
out a questionnaire for potential bands through
Facebook and other forms of social media, the
group sifted through almost 70 applications.
Surprised by the number of local artists
interested in performing, the KZSC team
listened to the music submissions separately
and reconvened to decide on the festival lineup.
Musical preferences varied amongst this
group of radio DJs, but during the selection
process they were all able to agree on a lineup.
There were six other DJs who were helping



Alexa Lomberg
Montse Reyes
Managing Editor
Shelby Clemons
Georgia Johnson,
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Allison Hollender
Alyssa Proudfoot

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Arts &
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Gabrielle Garcia
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Kelsey Taylor

Samantha Hamilton, Kelsey Hill,
Nick Nodine
Celia Fong
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Alex Wilkins
Owen Thomas

Casey Amaral,
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copy chief
Samantha Felce
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Connor Jang,
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Suzy Plessas
Lizzet Garcia


NCAA Funding Extended Through

2017-18 Season


Alison Galloway
answers questions
regarding the
decision to pull
the student fee
to fund NCAA
athletics at UCSC
from the campus
ballot this year.

In a sharp turn of events, UC
Santa Cruz administration extended
NCAA funding through 2017-18,
instead of ending the $1 million
budget supplement next spring.
This news comes just weeks after
notified the athletic department that
its proposed fee increase to support
NCAA athletics was pulled from
campus elections.
The referendum was pulled
because we have two other things
coming up on facilities that actually
need to be passed, said Executive
Vice Chancellor Alison Galloway.
Those fees include the Student
Life Facilities Fee (SLFF) and the
Physical Education Program Fee
(PEPF). SLFF is a $30 per-studentper-quarter fee that built and
maintained the majority of current
OPERS facilities, along with the
Student Union and the Redwood
Building in Quarry Plaza, which
are governed by the Student Union
Governance Board (SUGB).
SUGB, an all-student committee
that oversees the budget and
renovations of its spaces including
the Student Media Center along with
the two Quarry spaces, will split from
OPERS this election period. SUGB
will propose a $10 per-student-perquarter fee to maintain the costs of its
facilities, and OPERS will campaign
for its own $30 per-student-perquarter fee to fund its facilities.
The PEPF is already indefinite,
however, but OPERS has a structural
deficit and high demand for more

classes. This fee will ask for an

increase from $4.50 to $12.50 per
student, per quarter to address these
If these fees are not amended,
OPERS ability to provide classes
and workshops, intramural and club
sports, student employment and
more, will be drastically reduced,
said OPERS Executive Director
Andrea Willer. OPERS is currently
open approximately 100 hours per
week. If the fee is not amended, it
will need to reduce operating hours
by about 40 percent.
Last spring, Measure 62 asked
each student to pay $117 quarterly,
which would generate more than
$5 million annually for athletics.
The measure only got 2,292 votes
less than 40 percent of total
student voters. With concrete
plans to propose a similar fee this
spring, UCSC Athletics Director Cliff
Dochterman was surprised by the
NCAA fees suspension.
Theres a certain amount of
skepticism among the athletes and
coaches because we were all planning
to go ahead with the referendum this
year, Dochterman said. Its created
a lot of angst for the student athletes.
We went through all of this, spent a
lot of time with a lot of students to get
their opinion and their opinion never
made it to the chancellor.
Alison Galloway said it was
necessary to pull the NCAA referenda
in this years election.
A lot of things go on behind
the scenes, it is not uncommon,
Galloway said. Its not that we dont

think its worthy, we dont want to

jeopardize fees that are absolutely
critical for something that we could
During the last Academic Senate
meeting, director of faculty athletics
Daniel Wirls said theres a lack of
communication regarding the future
of athletics funding. In an attempt
to solve this problem, Wirls created
a six-member senate committee on
athletics. It will present the value of
the athletic program to the Academic
Senate, possibly including future
recommendations as well.
This committee is going to give
the faculty more of an understanding
of the athletic program on campus,
which is hard because its an area
that faculty dont know a lot about,
Galloway said. Im really happy Dan
[Wirls] proposed to do this. I know
when I go to games I dont see many
faculty there. If we are going to want
athletics, then they need to show up
Dochterman sees the committee
and extra year as an opportunity to
strengthen faculty understanding of
athletics. He said more endorsement
from faculty would help build the
athletics, something he and Wirls
agree has been lacking.
We have a lot of faculty members
who participated in intercollegiate
athletics while they were in school,
Dochterman said. Id like that
committee to demonstrate that the
days of the faculty not caring about
athletics are gone.

I know when
I go to games I dont
see many faculty there.
If we are going to want
athletics, then they need to
show up too.
Alison Galloway,
Executive Vice



EVC Alison Galloway expresses concern over additional OPERS referenda



Networking Across Generations


UCSC Career Advice Network promotes job exploration

through alumni networking

Although only a few months
old, the UC Santa Cruz Career
Advice Network (CAN) has already
connected hundreds of students with
alumni and community members
eager to share a taste of what its like
to work in different fields.
After graduating in 2005 with
degrees in environmental studies and


plant sciences, UCSC alumnus James

Sowerwine, like many other students,
had an exact vision of his perfect
future job.
Motivated to obtain a wellpaying career in botany, Sowerwine
cold-called an ecologist working for
a Washington and Oregon-based
nature conservancy and said, Hey,
my name is James. Can I follow you

around for a day?

Two days of time investment and
[the ecologists] advice led me to some
pretty major career direction, which
Im very happy with in hindsight,
Sowerwine said. If I can offer that to
someone else and help them avoid
some pitfalls, Im more than eager to
do so.
His experience inspired him to
participate as an advisor for the
new CAN, a free UCSC-specific
online mentoring platform that
connects advisors (primarily alumni)
to advisees (both undergraduates
and recent graduates) for career
exploration and advice. After months
of beta testing, the updated program
was rolled out to students for use in
December 2015 as an improvement
upon past career mentorship
undergraduates, graduate students
and recent graduates joined CAN to
find a career advisor.
Advisees log in to create a simple
profile, granting them access to over
300 advisor profiles, plus a library
of professional webinars. Once an
advisee has identified an advisor
whose interests align with theirs,
the advisee can request a career
conversation, a mock interview
or a resume critique. The direct
interactions are managed through
Firsthand, a third-party company
that keeps both partys contact
information confidential unless
permission is given for release. Many
advisor-advisee pairs find it easier
to set up a personal phone call after
conversing for awhile.
Informational interviews are

really the way to get your foot in

the door to breeze past the stacks
of hundreds of applications that
[employers get], said Katie Linder,
the assistant director of alumni
engagement, who oversees UCSCs
Linder said she sees the CAN
program growing in usefulness,
ideally reaching most if not all
of the student body.
Its something that takes all
of campus to engage and get the
program really successful, she said.
Part of our next plan is to go around
to all different areas of campus, the
resource centers and the Services
for Transfer and Re-Entry Students
center to get different groups across
campus to actually use this platform.
Linder said the program aims to
use the UCSC network as advisors to
help younger students absorb career
skills, explore their options without
making any huge commitments and
take advantage of the resources.
We currently have over 100,000
alumni at UCSC, and thats a more
and more powerful number every
day, Linder said.
UCSC graduate student Monica
Moritsch said CAN taught her the
importance of having a mentor who
can direct you to resources of which
you may not be aware.
Part of what Ive gained [being an
advisee] is the ability to talk to people
who I dont know, Moritsch said.
At first I thought it would be really
hard, but its actually pretty easy, and
the people who are on there have
deliberately opted in to being a part
of this so theyre definitely willing to

give their advice.

James Sowerwine became an
advisor on CANs former iteration
two years ago, and usually talks with
advisees about technical job skills
and how to balance a solid career
with a fulfilling life.
It can be very difficult to find
a path coming out of college,
Sowerwine said. You come out with
an educational background but
absolutely no job skills. He said it is
common for students to have an idea
for their future, but not necessarily
know how to land a job in line with
this idea.
Sowerwine said he doesnt use
any of his degrees anymore, but is
content because he ended up with
most of the life he envisioned for
himself from the start.
Its really easy to get bogged
down and scared going into the real
world, Linder said, So just being
able to talk with people who have
already been there is a huge help for
students and recent graduates as they
enter that world.


Health care


Stand-Up for Change

The third comedian on stage, King Uncle Dametime, performed for over 200 people gathered in the College Nine and Ten Multipurpose Room last
Friday for Dis/orient/ed Comedys Black & Yellow stand-up comedy show (left). Co-producer and stand-up comedian DLos set included his
experiences as a transgender man, actor, writer and performer (right).

Being disoriented is sort of a
natural experience if you are not of
an identity thats in the status quo,
comedian Jenny Yang said.
With fellow comedian DLo, Yang
produces a stand-up comedy tour
called Dis/orient/ed Comedy. The
tour stopped at UC Santa Cruz last
week for the second consecutive
year and was hosted by the Asian
American/Pacific Island Resource
Center (AA/PIRC), African American
Resource Center (AARC), Cant
Queer Center and the College Nine
and Ten Activity Office.
These organizations collaborated
on the Feb. 19 event held in the
College Nine and Ten Multipurpose
Room. An audience of over 200 filled
the space, eager to laugh and cheer
for their favorite jokes.
This years show was Black and
Yellow, featuring Yang and DLo, as
well as black comedians Danielle
Radford and King Uncle Dametime.
The performers highlighted their
experiences as black Americans
and Asian Americans through
conversations about sexuality, race,
gender and religion told through
comedic stories. DLo joked that the
name of the event wasnt in reference
to the Wiz Khalifa song.
This show was specifically a black
and yellow comedy show, and quite
often our communities dont get to
collaborate, especially on situations
like this, said Dree Robinson,
an AARC intern who helped put
on the event. It brought our two
communities together, [something]
most people dont feel like would ever
happen, especially on this campus.
DLo acted out a time when he
was riding a bike in Santa Monica
and was pulled over for not having

a bike light. The account included

a hilarious dramatization of him
observing another passing cyclist
who was white also without a light.
Because the officer ignored the white
rider, DLo upheld his citizenly duty
and stopped the cyclist himself.
Though humor was the focus of
the story, the underlying message
of how police target people of color
resonated with attendees. The
audience was silent as DLo said,
This was one of the better stories
because you know what happens
when the cops pull folks like us over.
experience being pulled over by the
police allowed her to connect most
with DLos story. I do start getting
nervous, and I worry about whats
going to happen to me, she said.
It made me realize how paranoid
people of color can be when they get
stopped by the police.
Events like these are also
platforms to break down stereotypes
communities, like how people who
identify as Asian American are often
considered a model minority. At
UCSC, African American and black
students make up about 2 percent
of the total population and Asian
American and Pacific Islander
students about 22 percent, compared
to 34 percent white students,
according to the Office of Planning
and Budget.
AARC Director Shont Thomas
said theres an expectation that Asian
Americans will only have aspirations
that fall in line with that concept,
which Yangs stories challenged.
[This event] broadens the
opportunity for [Asian Americans]
to be funny. Jenny touched upon it,
thats not something theyre allowed

to aspire to, Thomas said. It gives

folks an opportunity to be political, to
be conscientious and to be conscious
of the way they can affect change in a
different package.

demonstrates, social activism and

humor dont have to be separate.
Not everything was entirely
politically correct, but at least there
was some cultural competency and
something relevant, for not just the


Dis/orient/ed Comedy combines social activism and humor

majority within a predominantly

white institution, to find humorous,
said Lealani Manuta, an AA/PIRC
intern. There were other things for
us to connect to, which is important
for communities of color.



Not-So-Sluggish Growth
Over 54,000 undergraduate students
applied for admission to UC Santa Cruz
for the 2015-16 school year, a landmark
in campus history since the inaugural 652
students enrolled in 1965. As UCSC has
grown in size and population, so too has
its influence on the city of Santa Cruz.
UCSC was a product of the city
of the 50s, which sought to expand
consumer industries in the once small,
predominantly agricultural town. When
city officials heard that the University
of California was looking to build a new
campus, it vied for a chance to be the
colleges new home. Following the campus
opening, the city experienced a large
migration of professionals and students,
and the economy responded.
[UCSCs establishment] coincided
with the arrival of the first major big-box
stores on 41st Avenue, said Harold Hyde,
UCSCs first vice chancellor of business
and finance, and former merchandising
manager at Fords Department stores.
Big-box stores, or chain stores, have
made it difficult for smaller businesses to
compete in the market. The universitys
founding and the subsequent population
increase has led to an intertwined
economic relationship between UCSC and
the city. According to the UCSC Economics
Report, the university contributed $1.3
billion to the county economy in 2011.
The arrival of staff, faculty and


students certainly helped the retail

industry, which I had been a part of for
many years, Hyde said. He has lived in
Santa Cruz since before UCSC opened and
has seen the city change before his eyes.
The universitys founding and the shift in
county demographics contributed to the
expansion of other economic sectors, like
real estate, manufacturing and services.
Since 1960, Santa Cruz countys
population has tripled in size. In 2011-12
students spent $178 million and staff and
faculty spent $242 million, which funneled
directly into the community and benefited
many local businesses. However, the
higher the population gets, the more likely
chain stores are to open locations in that
Hyde said the introduction of large retail
stores intensified competition between
corporations and small businesses. The
population increase changed the retail
industry and harmed agriculture. From
1964 to 2012, the number of farms in Santa
Cruz county decreased from 822 to 667.
Caffe Pergolesi owner Karl Heiman said
his coffee shop gets around 40 percent
of its business from UCSC students. In
2007, Heiman co-founded Santa Cruzs
Think Local First, a volunteer organization
dedicated to increasing the vitality of
the local economy by promoting small
businesses over corporations. Think Local
First volunteers persuaded city and county
government to prioritize purchasing from

local businesses.
Santa Cruz is one of those
communities that is really aware of and
fights big-box stores, Heiman said. Its
unfair that these huge big-box stores that
have corporate marketing and corporate
money compete against these smaller
businesses that the city should be using.
Independent Business Alliance, 48
percent of purchases at local independent
businesses are recirculated back into
the local economy, compared to only 14
percent at chain stores.
[UCSC students] support the local
businesses, and I think one of the reasons
they do isnt because theyre trying to
think local to increase the local economy,
but [because] the local businesses are the
businesses that have character, Heiman
said. They are the places that students
like to go to.
The large student population has
helped longtime Santa Cruzs Spokesman
Bicycles owner Wade Hall, who said
that a university town is ideal for a bike
shop because of students reliance on
alternative forms of transportation.
When youre making a purchase,
and you are considering the Internet or
corporate store, give the small businesses
a chance, Hall said. Its better for the
local economy and better for everyone
in keeping their money going to small



$178 million
Faculty & Staff

$242 million

$24 million
Campus purchases

$115 million
Capital expenditures

$73 million

Total expenditures in the region

$632 million

Economic impact in the regional


$1.3 billion













1970 1980 1990 2000 2010



2011 UCSC Spending and Economic

Contributions to SC Region


Students boost Santa Cruzs local businesses

1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010



Campus expansion slated for Kresge, Porter


meadow and Family Student Housing

Site C encompasses the entire northern portion of Porter meadow, including several acres of forest between the meadow and Kresge College, and an area above
a large limestone underground cave. Development of this 10.5-acre site would involve building a new road through the meadow. Other possibilities include
building a parking lot near the center of the meadow.
The UC Santa Cruz housing office has worked for 18 months
on in-depth West Campus housing plans to make sure the
universitys future doesnt get behind schedule.
When the UC Office of the President mandated a student
enrollment increase of 10,000 and the addition of 14,000 beds
across the UC last November, UCSCs housing office scrambled
to find solutions to house more students. The Porter meadow,
along with Family Student Housing and Kresge College, are
slated for renovation and expansion to accommodate future
enrollment increases.
The housing office is undergoing a maintenance assessment
and will begin building as early as next fall. The projects
projected completion is fall 2020.
There isnt a lot of clarity about what [accepting more
students is] going to mean for this campus, year by year, said
UCSC capital planning director Steve Houser. There is not a
pledge of additional [money from the UC] to borrow to build the
beds. How do you solve the puzzle?
The housing office uses the Long Range Development Plan
(LRDP), a continually updated roadmap for development,
expansion and construction at UCSC required by the California
Environmental Quality Act, as a framework for growth. The
updated 2005-2020 plan outlines the accommodation of 19,500
graduate and undergraduate students by 2020 2,220 more
students than enrolled this fall quarter.
Of the additional 10,000 students enrolled UC-wide, 5,000
will join in the fall, and an additional 5,000 over the following
two years. However, to accommodate the additional students,
UCSC housing is planning to add 600-800 additional beds.
Houser said other campuses like UC Santa Barbara, UC Davis
and UC San Diego have outlined new building plans in their
own LRDPs to accommodate more students.
UCSC will enroll 300 more in-state students in fall 2016 than
two years ago 200 freshmen and 100 transfers. Out of the nine
UC campuses enrolling more students, UCSC is set to enroll the
fewest due to campus and city constraints, like expansion plans
with the city to mitigate housing and water impacts.
UCSC currently houses 53 percent of all students on campus
the largest percentage at any UC. Housing needs $250
million to build new facilities across West Campus, plus
an additional $50 million to repair older buildings
like the Crown and Merrill Apartments and Oakes
residence halls.

We are told we can only spend so much money, Houser

said. We have to increase beds in proportion to the enrollment
number, but we dont exactly know what it is, and we are told we
have to deliver those beds within a two- or four-year period.
The cost of a single bed, including the buildings construction
and delivery costs, is estimated at $300,000 with inflation by
2020, Houser said. Beyond the mattress and frame, the cost
of each bed space also includes the dorm or apartment space
around it. Currently each bed in an apartment with four single
rooms costs about $180,000.
While there are no designs for buildings yet, Houser said
student opposition to renovations could impact the cost and
projected timeline of the project.
There will be opposition because some members of campus
are anti-growth. Period. Some entities dont believe that there
should be growth at all, Houser said. Since the campus was
founded theres been that tension.

Renovating Kresge
Kresge College, originally modeled after Italys Tuscany
region, is the only college with apartment-style housing and is
scheduled to be renovated and rebuilt.
Kresge has about 80 double bedrooms that have been
converted into triples, Houser said, but no singles have been
converted to doubles. The housing office is currently assessing
the $120-130 million redevelopment of 350 existing spaces and
adding another 100-200 beds.
Houser said converting doubles and singles is the easiest
way to meet demands and get beds available quickly. Since
double-to-triple conversions are becoming a UC standard,
crowding has become an issue. It costs a third less to live in a
triple versus a double room, and Houser said its advantageous
because students and families are saving about $2,880 annually
from triples.
Kresge would be best suited for renovation because of its
need to increase bed spaces, improve existing floor plans and
fix previously deferred maintenance issues. Its apartment units
currently house three to eight students and include kitchens,
lounge spaces and personal bathrooms.
We would want to rebuild the housing at Kresge and get a
program of more appropriate units for freshmen, Houser said.
Right now the apartments [arent] very good from a program
perspective. The concept would be to do more of a suite, with a















Plans for Kresge College include renovating apartments to

remove kitchen and communal spaces to increase the number of
beds per unit, as well as new infill construction at Site B in the
northwestern corner of the college. Site B is a small open space
containing a basketball court adjacent to the Eco Village (left).
Porter College rises up above Site D which occupies the 3.7 acres
in between the Porter Squiggle and the Porter Classrooms. The site
is suggested as a possible staging area for development (above).


What do you think

UCSC should do about
the housing crisis?


I actually am looking for housing next year, and Im

so confused about whether I should [look for] housing
on-campus or look for renting outside. I wish rent was
way cheaper off-campus or there was an easier way to
get a parking permit that wasnt super expensive
especially for second-years. If I could bring my car up
then I would live further away and then it could be
Jane Tran
First-year, College Ten

We definitely need affordable housing for

students here, and we need it quickly because
we are accepting a lot more students every year,
exponentially. The City of Santa Cruz and UCSC need
to develop a strong relationship and work together to
allocate land for housing and build more affordable
housing that pertains to students maybe larger
bedrooms and things where people can pack two or
three students in a room.
Tyler Schirmer
Second-year, Cowell College
Environmental studies

Personally, I know its tough because they have

a really tight budget, but they need to make
rooms bigger for students for one, because
rooms are already way too much. I feel like Im
living in a military barracks I pay $15,000 to
live on campus. Since we are a public school,
its a government issue. We need to get more
government support in the financial area.
Sarah Logan
Third-year, Merrill College
Film and digital media


bedroom and bathroom but not a kitchen. By

doing that you can raise the number of beds.
Second-year Kresge affiliate Sierra Surabian
suggests building upward, instead of losing
some of the key features that make Kresge and
UCSC different.
If we have to abide by the [LRDP] why
cant we bring in something unique? Why cant
we have another option thats still efficient?
Surabian said.
The LRDP states if housing isnt provided,
the student population will cap at 19,250 by
2021 and there will be no more enrollment
growth. Houser said minimal increases to
annual housing rates can cover debt associated
with future housing projects. But if bed spaces
arent built, the cost of construction would
need to be paid by fewer students at a higher
housing cost.
A lot of [Kresge students] are upset about
what [administration] is planning to do with
the land, Surabian said. We dont want to
become just another UC. Thats why a lot of
people come to Santa Cruz, because we have
this unique campus.

Student Union Assembly (SUA) passed
a resolution condemning the proposed UC
enrollment increase earlier this month,
demanding Chancellor George Blumenthal
and other campus leaders denounce it as well.
If Blumenthal allows the increase, SUA will call
for his immediate resignation.
Enrolling more students over the next few
years is going to have a detrimental effect on
our education, said SUA President Julie Foster
at the Academic Senate meeting earlier this
month. We cannot expand the system without
fixing it first.
Over the next 10 years, UCSC has a debt
cap of $450 million, $300 million of which is
allocated to renovating and building housing.
Its great that students want to come. We do
have an obligation to the state to give students
the opportunity for a UC-quality education,
said Executive Vice Chancellor Alison Galloway.
My concern is, how do we preserve this UC

quality in the face of new students coming in? I

think its critical we do both. We have to accept
students and we have to keep the quality. Thats
not easy.
Because UCSC relies on enrollment
growth for funding, more students must be
admitted to prevent increased debt. To meet
class and resource demand, the Division of
Undergraduate Education proposed changes
to class durations, finals week schedules and
time slots including classes that start at 7:15
a.m. and ones that end at 10:25 p.m.
Talking about 10,000 students in three
years, split between nine campuses, thats a lot
more students, said Director of Admissions
Michael McCawley. It feels like we are always
living in the future. My foot is always one step
in the present and one in the future. We really
have to think long-term over the next three
UCSC has added 2,100 beds since 2004 to
accommodate the increase of nearly 3,000
students from fall 2005 to fall 2015.
Regardless of what they do to increase
housing, they are still not making it
affordable, Foster said. Thats unacceptable
for UCSC because Santa Cruz is one of the
most expensive places to live in California,
and its only getting worse. For them to think
that building more housing on campus helps
students [is wrong]. It traps us into paying a lot
of money for housing.
The housing office estimates the average
rent for a two-bedroom apartment off campus
in Santa Cruz at about $2,000 per month. A
report last summer by the National Low Income
Housing Coalition ranked Santa Cruz County
as the fifth most expensive metropolitan area
in the country, with San Jose fourth and San
Francisco topping the list.
On and off campus, the solution of creating
affordable housing options for students in
Santa Cruz remains a top concern.
Students are going to be upset that we are
developing, Foster said. The LRDP is a very
controversial thing, so students are definitely
going to try to fight this in some

Whats Happening at UCSCs

Trailer Park?


Camper Park will likely be

replaced by new housing or
UC Santa Cruz originally built its
42-trailer Camper Park in the 80s to
address a housing shortage. Now, in
the midst of a new housing crisis, the
university has zoned the parks land
for a future construction project and
left some trailers vacant since last
Theres always been this vague
threat surrounding the trailer park,
said UCSC environmental studies
alumna Eliana Willis, who lived in the
park for more than two years. People
have always known this land is slated
for development and that the trailer
park is not as valued by the university
as it is by the students.
That vague threat is UCSCs
Long Range Development Plan
(LRDP), approved in 2006 by the UC
Board of Regents. The LRDP aims to
build new facilities so the university
can serve 19,500 students 1,632
more than the fall 2015 population
by 2020. The Camper Park, tucked
above Kresge College, is on land that
is set to be built upon.
There is not an established

timeline for [the Camper Parks

development], or a definitively
Matthews, the Colleges, Housing and
Educational Services associate vice
chancellor, in an email. However, the
park does sit on land that can, and
likely will, someday be developed.
According to the LRDP, the plan
isnt a mandate for growth or a
detailed implementation plan for
development, which is why specific
expansion projects dont have a
Most of the residents think that
the LRDP itself is inherently flawed,
Willis said. Its not just about the
trailer park, its about Upper Campus.
And its also about the city of Santa
Cruz and the effect that adding
thousands of more students would
However, UCSCs director of
news and media relations Scott
Hernandez-Jason said in an email
that students shouldnt assume
thousands of new undergraduates
will be added to UCSC by 2020. Next



The trailer park, which is located adjacent to the North Remote Parking lot, is home to 40 colorful trailers owned by UCSC students.
Rent at the trailer park costs either $559 or $622, depending on the extra charge for a sewer hookup, which only two trailers have.

year UCSC plans to enroll about 300

more students, as mandated by the
The LRDP is like a city and county
general plan, Hernandez-Jason said.
It designates areas for certain types
of use or open space, but in and of
itself, it does not mandate growth.
But another trailer park resident,
who goes by Pachamama, feels there
needs to be more discussion between
students and administration about
the LRDP and the Camper Park.
I dont feel its sustainable to have
these decisions whether they are
large scale like the LRDP, or theyre
smaller scale with just what happens
between administration and the
trailer park, she said. There needs
to be a conversation in order for both
parties to understand what the fuck is
Yet, parkies, who easily save
$6,000 or more a year living at the
park instead of the dorms, remain
troubled with the lack of concrete
details surrounding the LRDP and
worry the recent removal of three

trailers has something to do with the

looming construction project.
Weve had some trailers removed
due to what were said to be structural
issues with the trailers, Eliana Willis
said. But there have been problems
in the ways that those removals and
processes were conducted that kind
of make us worry whether theres a
connection between getting rid of
trailers and the ultimate removal of
the trailer park.
Last fall, assistant director
of housing, Catherine Green,
announced during a meeting with
parkies that the campground would
have 39 trailers, instead of the normal
42, without saying why. Green
directed City on a Hill Press to UCSCs
news and media department when
asked to comment.
Sue Matthews said in an email
that no new trailers were allowed due
to lack of staff.
The personnel who used to
provide the new trailer inspection no
longer worked for the university, so
we needed to identify a new process,

Matthews said.
Every time we talked to the
assistant of affiliated residential
Catherine Green, about this, she
would just say, Thats the policy, no
new trailers, and not really give us
any information on why that was the
case, Willis said.
When Willis emailed inquiries to
Matthews and director of housing
Dave Keller, she said Keller didnt
reply, and Matthews said new trailers
could come in.
So, it was kind of strange that
there was this disconnect between
the residents and our immediate staff
whos responsible, Willis said.
Since last fall, a trailer has been
moved in to bring up the total
amount to 40, and residents hope
that the park will soon return to its
42-trailer capacity.
Its important to get those two
spots filled, resident Pachamama
said. For me, personally, it would
make the community feel whole

Trailer park resident Miro Hornberg relaxes outside of his trailer on his porch
(above). With no two trailers alike, park residents buy their trailers from previous
student owners and enjoy the freedom to decorate both its interiors
and exteriors (right).



of the


From left to right: UCSC inten Jacia Mim, film member Arwa Abushariefeh, film member Nur Laura Bean-Caskey and film director Dr. Rosemary Henze answer
various questions about the Hijabs implications in the womens lives during the Q&A section of the event.

For Nur, the hijab is liberation,
not oppression. For Dian, the hijab is
about having a connection with God.
For Mahsa, religion is not something
to be worn but practiced, and for
Arwa, her commitment to the hijab
surpasses fear of harassment in the
wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
The film Just a Piece of Cloth
tells the narratives of four women
and their views on the hijab. Film
director, educational anthropologist
and San Jose State University
linguistics professor Dr. Rosemary
Henze sparks a conversation around
the identity of the hijab, bringing
forth both opposing and intersecting
About 40 people gathered in

February 25
Ages 16+


Kresge Town Hall on Feb. 17 to watch

the short film and seek shelter from
the rain with a free plate of warm
Halal food, food acceptable for
Muslims to eat or drink under Islamic
The screening is a part of the
Sister Solidarity series put on by the
Womens Center in honor of UCSCs
womens heritage month. Afterward,
audience members posed questions
to Henze and two women featured in
the film, Arwa Abushariefeh and Nur
Laura Bean-Caskey. The questions
ranged from advice on how to gain
confidence wearing a hijab to how
different audiences reacted to the
The hijab is an opaque garment
worn by Muslim women that covers

the head and chest. The Quran,

Islams central religious text, outlines
that women should dress modestly
because of the wandering gaze of
both males and females. The word
hijab, translated from Arabic, means
partition or barrier.
Many Muslims define the hijab as
covering all but the face and hands,
but interpretations of modesty vary.
For this reason, not all believe the
hijab is required by the Quran.
Because of her choice to not wear
a hijab, Mahsa, who is featured in
the film, is often questioned by other
practicing Muslims about her level of
education and her ability to work in
her home country of Iran. In the film,
she commented on her experiences
with these critiques, the struggle of
wearing the hijab as a teenager and
how she feels her religion is often
defined by the hijab.
The hijab elicits commentary

Sunday, March 6
In the Atrium Ages 16+

Womens Center
screens Just a
Piece of Cloth
in celebration of
Womens Heritage

within and outside of Muslim faith.

In high school she was one of many
Muslims who received prejudiced
comments after the 9/11 terrorist
attacks. She was targeted by
individuals who grouped Muslims
with the terrorist group al-Qaeda,
because of the perceived shared faith.
Arwa, also featured in the film,
said if someone was looking at her
with a puzzled expression, she would
approach them without hesitation,
ask whats on their mind and answer
Do not confuse religion and
culture, Arwa said. Yes, religion
asks you to cover, to protect, so
youre not an object, so youre not
subjected, so youre not harassed, but
its also [through] the culture that we
embrace it.
Henze addressed the varying
reactions to the film one of them
being the conclusion that Muslim

women are oppressed by the hijabs

coverage. She addressed the shared
experience of being objectified as
a woman regardless of background
and how people choose to respond,
whether that be taking pride in
covering up or dressing down.
Women and men are always
policing womens bodies one way or
another, Henze said. Youre either
too covered or not covered enough.
acknowledged her cultural capital
and desire to use it to ignite a dialogue
around the hijab. Just a Piece of
Cloth dissects the many stigmas
surrounding it and creates a platform
to unpack its misconceptions.
It is just a piece of cloth, a thing,
but we invest it with meaning,
Henze said. It can have a different
meaning for Arwa and for Nur. There
are commonalities and differences.


Monday, March 7 In the Atrium Ages 16+

Thursday, February 25 In the Atrium Ages 21+
PELL plus Daye Jack also J.I.D.
VOKAB KOMPANY plus Nomalakadoja
Tuesday, March 8 In the Atrium Ages 21+
Friday, February 26 In the Atrium Ages 21+
SIMO plus The Glorious Sons
CURIOUS QUAIL plus The Jolly Llamas
Wed. & Thu.,
Sat., Feb. 27 In the Atrium All Ages NOODLES March 9 & 10
Sun., Feb. 28 In the Atrium Ages 16+ MOZZY Ages 16+
Mon., Feb. 29 In the Atrium Ages 16+ GOLDLINK Mar 11 Andre Nickatina (Ages 16+)
Mar 17 Hirie/ Spiritual Rez (Ages 16+)
Wednesday, March 2 In the Atrium Ages 21+
Mar 18 The Wonder Years (Ages 16+)
Mar 19 Eric Bellinger/ Philthy Rich/ RJ (Ages 16+)
Thursday, March 3 In the Atrium Ages 16+
Mar 20 Sammy J/ Tenelle (Ages 16+)
THE CAVE SINGERS plus Current Swell Mar 23 Yonder Mountain String Band (Ages 21+)
Thursday, March 3 Ages 18+
Mar 25 Kottonmouth Kings (Ages 16+)
Mar 29 Geographer/ The Crookes (Ages 16+)
Mar 30 The Floozies/ Sunsquabi (Ages 16+)
Friday, March 3 Ages 16+
Apr 9 Tyler The Creator (Ages 16+)
Apr 14 Death Grips (Ages 16+)
Apr 15 Blackberry Smoke (Ages 16+)
Friday, March 4 In the Atrium Ages 18+
Apr 18 The Last Shadow Puppets (Ages 16+)
Apr 20 Badfish A Tribute To Sublime (Ages 16+)
Saturday, March 5 Ages 16+
Apr 25 Flatbush Zombies (Ages 16+)
May 7 Lucius (Ages 16+)
May 11 Luca Turillis Rhapsody/ Primal Fear (Ages 16+)
Saturday, March 5 In the Atrium Ages 18+
May 14 Tech N9ne/ Krizz Kaliko (Ages 16+)
otherwise noted, all shows are dance shows with limited seating.




Tickets subject to city tax & service charge by phone 877-987-6487 & online


After the showing of Just a Piece of Cloth, around 40 attendees stayed for a Q&A session with film director Dr. Rosemary Henze
and two other women who appear in the film. The film documents their experiences wearing hijabs.


The Art
The Blood
The Cast
play gets the
cartel treatment in
Bloodshed, stripping, narco culture and
experience by re-imagining Macbeth, an
influential play that focuses on power, the
supernatural, fate and time through the lens of
narco culture the phenomenon of a highlyorganized identity within drug trafficking.
The production, which explores the
implications of drug trafficking on both sides
of the border, will come to life at the UC Santa
Cruz Experimental Theater on Feb. 26.
The death toll in Mexico continues to rise
from 165,000 at the hands of narco-cartels,



Marqus is a modern adaptation of Shakespeares Macbeth set in Mexico with many dramatic scenes, including Marquss hallucination, played by Kev
Martinez (right), of his dead comrade Paco, played by Rey Cordova (left).

according to the plays website. The play aims

to create dialogue amongst students by raising
awareness of the everyday game of border
The idea for Marqus was born out
of a perfect storm of events, said Mnica
Andrade, an MFA candidate in the digital arts

and new media program. We had a great deal different majors from UCSC, allowing for any
of experience [and] knew many people whose
student to participate in the journey of the
lives were affected by narco culture, and what
production, which Pearson nicknamed the
has happened with the war on drugs between
company. In honor of creating a company,
Mexico and the United States.
Pearson talks about the delightful challenges.
Andrade co-wrote the play with literature
The world of the Mexican drug cartels is
Ph.D. candidate Stephen Richter after previously
not one that the majority of the people working
working together with
on this show are familiar
Shakespeare Santa Cruz.
with, Pearson said. So
The two lived in Mexico
much of the process
for many years, and heard
has just been about the
firsthand accounts of the
company learning about
war on drugs in Mexico.
the play, learning all the
The pair was working on
unique particularities of
an entirely different play
the world that Stephen
for the academic year
when the idea struck.
The two teamed up
with Erik Pearson, who
through these challenges
graduated in 2001 with a
during the quarter, the
degree in film and digital
media and a minor in
many layers of access
theater, to direct and
between the performers
and the audience. The
At the same time, a
traditional idea of a
flurry of political angst
stage is broken down
was developing in the
into runways through
newspapers around the
Stephen Richter,
world surrounding drug
co-writer of Marqus and all types of levels
lord Joaqun El Chapo
Guzmn. When El Chapo
sprinkled throughout the
escaped for the second
experimental theater.
time in July, the Mexican government declared
With a cast of 23 actors, Marqus ranges
they would recapture him. An epiphany
from parties in the narco world to scenes with
occurred for the playwrights Macbeth in
children. When asked what the playwrights
and director hope to present to the audience,
Many issues between the U.S. and Mexico
Richters response represented a multitude of
were happening for example, Mexico as the
conversations touched upon many times over
cultural inferior or its otherness in respect
the course of the quarter, from those of actors,
to the U.S. and narco feudalism happening
to designers, to dramaturgies, to writers.
in Mexico, we were like my god, Macbeth in
All of these things that happen do not
Mexico, this can really work, Stephen Richter happen in a vacuum, they are the effect and the
responsibility of all of us, this is not someone
Though the narco world has been widely elses problem and its not someone elses issues,
glamorized by TV shows, movies and Mexican
and [we] want the audience to feel implicated as
corridos, Andrade emphasized that druglord
well as moved, Richter said.
characters arent glorified in their play.
The bilingual play promotes the inclusion of

Many issues between

the U.S. and Mexico
were happening for
example, Mexico as the
cultural inferior or its
otherness in respect
to the U.S. and narco
feudalism happening in
Mexico, we were like my
god, Macbeth in Mexico,
this can really work.



Acceptance Without Exception


Cultural Arts and Diversity, Colleges Nine and Ten bringAccept

Except LGBT NY to UCSC

Tyree L. Young and Ava Jenkins perform in

Cultural Arts and Diversitys play Accept
Except LGBT NY. The play is about the
struggle for justice in America, from slavery
to modern gay rights. Young stars as Sirus,
a male from the plantation era, and Jenkins
stars as Mike, a female from the penitentiary
era. The two 20-year-olds are brought together
after being chased by angry mobs in their
respective time periods. The plays title refers
to the exception of the 13th Amendment,
that although people may not be privately
enslaved, they can be publicly enslaved by the
prison system.

With fear in his eyes and sweat
dripping down his face, Sirus, a freed
slave, scurried around a large tree,
trying to hide from a lynch-mob that
knew about his secret relationship
with a British man. In spite of his
attempt to camouflage himself, Sirus
was found and hung from that same
tree in Central Park.
After his death, the scene jumps
to modern day New York where a
lesbian woman named Mike, played
by Ava Jenkins, finds herself in the
same situation. A group of rowdy
men are chasing her through Central
Park because they perceive her to be
gay based on her appearance. While
in hiding, Mike is greeted by the spirit
of Sirus, played by Howard University
alum Tyree Young. Though seemingly
coincidental, their chance meeting
was actually intentional.
Motivated by the unsettling
language of the 13th Amendment,
writer Karimah and Tony-award
winning director George Faison
constructed Accept Except LGBT
NY, which addresses injustice
against African Americans and the
LGBT community.
Cultural Arts and Diversity (CAD)
along with Colleges Nine and Ten


brought Accept Except LGBT NY to

UC Santa Cruz this month for a night
of entertainment and empowerment.
CAD Director Don Williams saw the
play at the National Black Theatre
Festival last year and felt it necessary
to present it to UCSC students. His
goal was to open a dialogue about

As you watch the

show, I ask you to
open your hearts
and open your
minds to what is
being said in this
Don Williams, CAD director
injustices related to race and sexuality
and how the struggles of these two
groups are intertwined.
Before the show began Williams
addressed the audience, urging them
to absorb the messages conveyed in
the play.

As you watch the show, I ask

you to open your hearts and open
your minds to what is being said
in this play, Williams said before
asking the audience members to
close their eyes.
The play shifted between
Sirus and Mikes monologues
in the beginning, leading up to
their encounter. But as the show
connection Karimah had subtly
developed between the two. After
much pressure from Sirus to open up,
Mike shared her life story with him.
While red and blue lights danced
across her face, she recalled a physical
altercation with her former boss
that led to her incarceration. While
Siruss eyes were fixed on Mike, Sirus
listened attentively and realized their
connection. However, in light of their
metaphorical resemblance, Mike
denies any connection between Sirus
enslavement and her incarceration
by repeating, Nobody owns me! Im
only a slave when Im at work.
This play covers topics like racism
and homophobia, and through
dialogue addresses its primary
motivation the 13th Amendment,
which abolished slavery in 1865.
However, Accept Except LGBT

NY redefines it as the amendment

that birthed the prison-industrial
servitude is permissible in the prison
Though these are the main issues
highlighted in Accept Except LGBT
NY, parts of the play resonated
differently with some audience
student Ana Mendoza was struck by
a scene when Sirus tells Mike of how
he became a free man after acquiring
his freedom papers. The idea of
carrying around a piece of paper
that gives you the right to live freely
made Mendoza reflect on her own
experiences in obtaining citizenship.
I didnt have a choice but
my parents brought me here
undocumented and that paper
to some people gives them the
right to be a human, the right to
be considered for some rights,
Mendoza said.

Although entertaining, Williams,

as well as the cast of Accept Except
LGBT NY, feel that the most
important takeaway from the play
is about equality amongst all groups
of people and our ability to openly
critique systemic oppression. A
play led by two characters was just
enough to acknowledge the haunting
existence of 21st century slavery
in what is supposed to be a postcolonial era. Karimahs stage show
is educational and forces viewers to
confront these problems and work
toward making a change.
Lead actress Ava Jenkins believes
this play is important for people to
spark meaningful conversation about
changing the social and political
conditions of American society.
In order to see any kind of
change, we need to educate ourselves
first, she said.


Slugs On Ice

Finding a home for hockey at UCSC

Growing up in Canada, sophomore Nicki Thompsons life
always involved hockey until she came to UC Santa Cruz.
For the first year of her college experience, she wasnt able to
participate in the sport she played since she could walk because
there wasnt a team. Thompson wanted to help create UCSCs
hockey identity, but the idea seemed far-fetched.
Dakota Yackel also shares a similar passion for the sport
and was disappointed to learn hockey wasnt available after
transferring to UCSC this fall. Yackel laced up his first pair
of skates at age three, and sticks and pucks were a common
commodity in his San Francisco home.
Together they decided to form their own hockey sports club
a space for players and fanatics to resume their participation
in the sport.
This club creates a place for students to come together and
[share a] hobby, said Yackel, who is now UCSCs ice hockey
club president. Hockey at UCSC has a large following [but] the
hardest part about starting this team is getting the word out that
we have a hockey team here.
The team currently awaits the club sports departments
decision to recognize hockey as an official sports club on
campus. But competitive sports supervisor Kevin Skippy
Givens said the lack of adequate on-campus facilities is a reason
hes been unable to accommodate the teams request to become

an official club.
Yackel remains hopeful that hockey will find a permanent
home on campus, despite the teams current hour-long
commute to Nazareth Ice Oasis in Redwood City for practice and
Its definitely a tough situation being in a town without a
rink, said ice hockey vice president Thompson. So far weve
been able to share practices with SF State in Redwood City, set
up unofficial sessions at Sharks Ice and play some friendly away
The teams main priority is to join the Pacific Coast of the
American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) to participate
in structured competitions. As of now, the newly-founded club
competes in exhibition games, most recently losing to San
Francisco State in a 6-2 friendly on Jan. 29.
The team got tired by the end of the game, Yackel said. We
played a strong first and second period as we went up 2-1, but
then broke down in the third period and lost 6-2.
The team is co-ed and open to anyone interested in
hockey. Game day members are required to pay a $400 fee to
help alleviate the teams expenses for its ice rink rental, travel
accommodations and hockey gear, while practice players pay
$10 per practice session.
This team wants to bring hockey players and
fanatics together to play hockey, watch hockey and
appreciate the sport, Yackel said. Any UCSC
student is welcome to play, regardless of
playing and skating experience.
If any Slug is hesitant about
making such a financial

commitment to play, the team recommends attending one of

its street hockey practices first to gain hands-on experience, free
of charge. Street hockey practice occurs once a week, where the
clubs 10 players develop fundamentals like passing and stick
[The club] is a great unifier for the assortment of hockey
fans and players scattered through campus, Thompson said.
The team is an opportunity to get back into hockey, which I
never expected to do when I arrived.
For more information on how to get involved, contact UCSC
hockey via email at and on its Facebook
page UCSC Hockey, where the club posts weekly updates.








Privacy Unlocked
When we go home at night and close our
blinds, we hope no one has the ability to see
through them. We shut and lock our doors
behind us for a sense of security and comfort.
Our expectation for online privacy is similar.
When we type in our passwords, we hope no
one will see our pictures, read our emails or steal
our social security numbers. We hope agencies
like the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
and the Department of Justice (DOJ), which
claim to uphold justice, will keep us safe. Yet, as
these claims are being made, the bodies meant
to protect us are in the process of undermining
our privacy and our security.
Recently, the DOJ and FBI mandated
that Apple builds software with the ability
to override passwords and break down our
safeguards. They demanded a password autowipe feature that would allow law enforcement
officials and anyone else with comparable
tech savviness to read the data passwords are
meant to protect.
Apple is standing its ground and refusing
to allow the DOJ and FBI to dictate its software
development for the protection of its customers
and rightly so.
Its not the responsibility of a private entity to
alter its products to make them more accessible
to investigators, even on a federal level. In fact,
Apples right to this refusal is protected by the
This back-and-forth between Apple and

the government is centered around national

security concerns following last years San
Bernardino terror attacks. The assailants, Syed
Rizwan Farook and his wife Tashfeen Malik,
destroyed their personal cellphones prior to
orchestrating the attack.
Since Farook didnt destroy his work
iPhone, federal and local authorities had a
chance to access his iCloud account after the
shooting to gain more information. The data,
however, wasnt recoverable when officials
reset the password, wand subsequently wiped
the device. The agencies in charge of the
investigation had a method at their fingertips
to investigate the San Bernardino attacks, and
they bungled it. Instead of taking responsibility
for their mistake, the federal government is
instead strong-arming a prominent company
to fix the problem for them.
In a widely-shared open letter, Apples CEO
Tim Cook said while the company by no means
supports terrorism and has assisted in the
FBIs investigation thus far, the FBI does not
understand the severe danger in creating this
type of overriding software.
The FBI may use different words to describe
this tool, Cook writes in the letter. But make
no mistake: Building a version of iOS that
bypasses security in this way would undeniably
create a backdoor. And while the government
may argue that its use would be limited to this
case, there is no way to guarantee such control.

Although its been three years since

Edward Snowden leaked a number of
National Security Agency (NSA) files,
his words resonate with whats
currently happening today. There
can be no faith in government if
our highest offices are excused
from scrutiny they should
be setting the example of
transparency, he said to The
Guardian in 2013.
The government, while
large and powerful, isnt
always correct, even if law
is on its side. This isnt just
about Farooks phone or any
other phone of a terrorist in
question, this is about tens
of millions of devices that
have important and valuable
data in each of our lives.
The DOJ and FBI criticize
that the companys sales ploy
undermines the concern for the
general public about the future
stake of personal security.
While we must balance protection
of the public with safety from violence, exposing
the private information of millions of people is
far more damaging. Back doors are dangerous
and dont make us safer, but more


A backdoor for government, a front door for danger

susceptible to hacks and persecution.

We deserve security and privacy, and the
government should be the ones protecting us,
not putting us at further risk.

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Continual lack of diversity in
Oscar nominations reflects
problems in film industry

As much as people love to joke that
Leonardo DiCaprio is snubbed every year
at the Oscars, entire groups of people are
significantly overlooked every day by the
film industry.
For the second year in a row,
trending. The
hashtag began last February when Oscar
nominations featured only white people
in the Best Actor and Actress and Best
Supporting Role categories, and the same
happened this year.
The president of the Academy of
Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which
is the voting body for the Oscars, is a
black woman. The last three Best Director
awards went to men of color. Then why
is #OscarsSoWhite still trending? Because
the problem isnt just the Oscars, its the
entire film industry. Despite these strides,
its not enough to fix the culture of the
Viola Davis speech at last years
Emmys summed up the problem: You
cannot win an Emmy for roles that are
simply not there. She was the first black
woman to win an Emmy for best actress
in a dramatic series for her lead role in
How to Get Away with Murder an
important but long overdue feat.
Hollywood, whether its television or
film, has long been plagued by a lack of
diversity. People of color and women are
underrepresented and underpaid across
the film industry, particularly as directors,
writers and executives. The roles
Hollywood has to offer are not conceived
with marginalized communities in
mind, limiting their access to a diverse
repertoire of compelling roles.
To try to combat this issue, the
Academy recently voted to make changes
to diversify the Oscars, including
changing voting to limit lifetime terms
and adding more women and people
of color to the voting board. But if there
is a consistent pool of roles available to
white actors, these additional voters will
do little to fix the structural inequalities
within the industry.
While I have faith that the Oscars
will better themselves, I recognize that

it is a privilege to hold that hope. As a

white film student, I have the privilege of
seeing my story told on screen time and
time again. But this does not mean that
I, or any other person with the similar
privilege, should be complacent in the
lack of non-white stories being told or
the representation of disenfranchised
experiences being left behind.
Going to a movie theater, youll often
see a marquee full of films starring white
actors and actresses, portraying the white
experience as written by a white writer,
and directed by a white male. Those
same actors, actresses, directors, writers
and other film professionals make up the
voting body, known as the Academy, that
votes on Oscars nominees.
When an underrepresented actor
or actress doesnt even have their
professional peers fighting for them, let
alone representing them, the problem
goes beyond an annual awards show.
Its not that there arent talented actors
of color in the industry. Whether its Viola
Davis, Taraji P. Henson, Aziz Ansari,
Mindy Kaling, Oscar Isaac or any number
of performers, there are a people of color
on screen. The problem is that they arent
given the same number, range or type
of roles that white actors are afforded.
The ones who have made a career for
themselves are often typecast as the
token ethnically ambiguous person or
given a role that requires a person of
According to the 2015 Hollywood
Diversity Report conducted by UCLA,
the number of lead roles played by racial
minorities in film has risen since 2011.
But when that percentage has risen in the
film industry from 10.5 percent in 2011

to 16.7 percent in 2013, while minority

groups make up almost 40 percent
of the population, they are clearly
underrepresented. Similarly, minority
directors, writers and executives have
only made minimal strides. According
to the study, 100 percent of the 18 major
studios are headed by males, 94 percent
of whom are white.
The film industry is not going to
change overnight, but there is a wealth
of talent underutilized and a number of
stories rarely told.
Yet, in the film industry, familiarity and
name recognition sell. When filmmakers
spend millions producing films, they
want to turn a profit and receive awards
that will increase that profit. White actors
are rightly criticized for accepting roles of
people of color, like Johnny Depp playing
a Native American or Emma Stone as a
character of Asian descent.
The film industry has hardly changed
with the times and cant expect to make
any social progress by pulling the same
racist whitewashing time and time again.
Hollywood has a long history of
whitewashing, and sadly, has not learned
its lesson. In its never-ending pursuit of
profit, Hollywood casts familiar faces
because moviegoers will go to see their
favorite actor or actress in a film, or their
favorite directors new movie. Thats not
to say that films featuring people of color
arent profitable, but when those familiar
faces are more often than not white, the
struggle for inclusion continues.
People of color have been snubbed of
their Oscars since its inception 88 years
ago, and its time for the film industry to
make the necessary changes to diversify
and represent responsibly.




The Revenant
Oscar contender
speaks to sexual
violence against


Content warning: This column contains discussion of

rape, sexual violence and historical trauma in indigenous
communities, and may be triggering for survivors.
The Revenant is this years Oscar front-runner, with 12
total nominations from the Academy. Though attention has
been placed on Leonardo Dicaprios performance and his bid
for Best Actor, the frontier epic received significant praise for
its bold choices in cinematography and a more inclusive cast
and crew. Its unapologetic representation of sexual violence
toward indigenous women, though, has garnered both
critique and acclaim from native audiences.
Loosely based on true events in the North American
wilderness in 1823, the film briefly features a sequence where
an indigenous woman named Powaqa (played by breakout
actress Melaw Nakehko) is raped by a French trapper. The
scene is harrowing in its composition, with the angle and
sound editing not allowing the viewer to be comforted in any
way. Her eyes deaden in a blank expression and the horror of
the act transcends through the screen. Some Native Americans
have condemned the choice to include it, but others argue
its brutality is important, as it challenges our perception of
violence toward indigenous women.
While indigenous histories are widely absent from
mainstream cinema, the rampant sexual violence against
native women both past and present has gone unrepresented
in the industry. The unsettling composition of the rape scene
in The Revenant coupled with the remarkable performance
of Nakehko forces the viewer to confront the horrifying
reality for many indigenous women of the past face-to-face,
even if just for a moment. Witnessing her trauma exposes the
historical foundation for systemic violence toward indigenous
women occurring today. Unlike other films that grapple with
female indigeneity, the intensity of Powaqas assault demands
swift justice, thus creating a narrative that makes her a
survivor and not just a victim.
The pain was real, wrote Sasha LaPointe, a Coast Salish/
Nooksack woman, after her and several friends experienced
the scene. Triggered during her first viewing, she watched
the movie again and argued that emotional impact was
significant in mirroring the trauma collectively endured by
American Indian women. Nakehkos debut resonates with
some indigenous women because, in LaPointes words, [we
are] still being murdered, still going missing. We are still
When presented with narratives like that of The
Revenant, LaPointe notes, there is a power in visibility
even if graphic or uncomfortable to watch. Indigenous
performers on the big screen, as well as the issues they face,
have the potential to enact real change. As a Dene woman,
Nakehko mentioned missing and murdered indigenous
women in Canada when interviewed on the red carpet.
While there is a consensus that there is no such thing as
a necessary rape scene, they somehow are a recurring theme
in Oscar nominations for Best Film. The Revenant, however,
doesnt feature gratuitous sexual violence without cause.
Its portrayal of rape toward an indigenous woman is meant
to upset and startle viewers to confront the injustice of it
happening today.



Dont Stall SCOTUS






Senate and Obama must work together to fill Scalias seat and soon

Just when you thought the US

political landscape couldnt get any
more complicated, the Supreme
Court is facing a likely impasse for its
2016 term. With a newly vacant seat
on the bench, upcoming decisions
are more likely to result in a 4-4
deadlock and render the highest
court in the land virtually useless.
Supreme Court Justice Antonin
Scalia died on Feb. 13, ending his near
30-year term. Appointed by Ronald
Reagan in 1986, Scalia was known
for vivid and articulate writing that
defended his ultra-conservative
opinions and strict originalist
reading of the Constitution. Just last
year, he wrote a scathing dissent of
gay marriage and argued that black
university students should attend
slower-track schools in critique of
the affirmative action policy.
Scalia was one of the five justices
appointed by Republican presidents
on the nine-justice Supreme Court.
Without him, what would normally
be a 5-4 conservative/liberal split
will likely result in several 4-4
decisions at least until a new
justice is appointed.
The Court is scheduled to hear
cases on several important issues
this year, like teachers unions,
deportation of permanent residents


and free-of-charge medical coverage

for birth control drugs. But without
a ninth justice, the Supreme Court
could be caught up in deadlocked
cases for months, which is why it is
imperative that President Obama
and the Senate work together to fill
Scalias seat.
As part of the legislative branchs
checks and balances, the Senate
has the power to approve or reject
presidential appointments to the
Supreme Court, and Senate Majority
Leader Mitch McConnell (R) is
taking full advantage of this power.
About an hour after Scalias death
was confirmed, McConnell said
he has no intention of approving
anyone Obama nominates, thus
continuing the nearly six-year
standoff the president has had with
the Senate.
The American people should
have a voice in the selection of their
Supreme Court justice. Therefore,
this vacancy should not be filled
until we have a new president,
McConnell said.
McConnell made his statement,
Obama announced his intention to
nominate a new justice before he
leaves office.
I plan to fulfill my constitutional

responsibility to nominate a
successor in due time, Obama
said at a press conference. There
will be plenty of time for me to do
so and for the Senate to fulfill its
responsibility to give that person
a fair hearing and a timely vote ...
[These responsibilities] are bigger
than any one party, they are about
our democracy.
McConnell is hoping there will
be a Republican in the White House
next year, one who would replace
Scalia with another conservativeleaning judge. But leaving the seat
open until the 2017 presidential

realistically, until several months
after is a dangerous move, and
one the Senate should not make just
to have a conservative majority in
the Supreme Court.
Filling the empty seat on the
bench doesnt just affect Senate
Republicans, but all Americans.
Many of our enumerated civil
liberties have been secured as a
result of Supreme Court precedents
Brown v. Board of Education, Roe
v. Wade and Miranda v. Arizona to
name a few.
If the justices face a deadlock on
any of the cases they hear, the ruling
in the lower court would stand. This

may not sound like a huge deal, but

these lower court rulings wont apply
outside of their own jurisdictions.
Issues could be litigated again and
again in courts all over the country,
potentially resulting in conflicting
rulings and political inconsistency.
immediate rejection of any Obama
nominee indicates a fundamental
problem for our whole political
system it shows that party lines
have cut deeply into the Supreme
Court, making the highest U.S.
authority on justice a matter of mere
Obama needs to be careful about
who he nominates if he wants the
Senate to approve them.
If he wants to get a liberal
leaning of the Supreme Court and
nominates someone too far to the
left, the Senate will just deny his
nomination. Nominating someone
conservative enough to get through
the Senate might give the Supreme
Court a chance of being a functional
political body, but then again, they
may simply deny anyone Obama
nominates whether they are
on the far-left, middle or even
slightly right. If the Senate listens to

McConnell, Obama could nominate

a saint tomorrow and it still wouldnt
accept the nomination, judicial
review be damned.
Obama should appoint someone
soon and he should not have to
tiptoe around the Senate to do so.
Checks and balances are important,
but the Senate needs to realize it is
not the only player in U.S. politics.
It is one of Obamas enumerated
powers as president to appoint
a Supreme Court justice, and
McConnells outright denial of the
nominee before he or she is even
announced threatens the U.S.
already divisive partisan relations.
But more importantly, it disrupts
peoples trust in the U.S. justice
If Obama and the Senate cannot
work together to appoint a new
Supreme Court justice, then the
US government is telling its people
that party lines are more important
law. Appointing a Supreme Court
justice is bigger than the two parties
at odds with each other it is
about maintaining a functioning
government that can adequately
serve its people, no matter which
side of the aisle they stand on.