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Institute / School Name

Program Name
Course Code
Course Name
Lecture / Tutorial (per
week)
Course
Coordinator
Name

Institute of Engineering & Technology


BE
MEL 4211
Kinematics of Machine
3/1
Course Credits

3.5

Mr Gaurav Jain

1. Scope and Objectives of the Course


1. To understand the basic concepts of machines and mechanisms.
2. To understand the types of cam & follower.
3. To understand the types of drives such as: belts, ropes and chains.
4. To derive the relationship between tension on tight and slack sides of belts and
HP transmitted
by the belt.
5. To understand the functions, types and characteristics of governors.
6. To apply the theory of governors to solve numerical problems.
7. To understand the types of both tooth gear and the nomenclature of gears.
8. To understand the concepts of interference in gears, and its removal.
9. To understand the various types of gear trains.
10. To apply the theory of gear trains to solve simple numerical problems.
2. Textbooks
TB1: S.S Rattan, Theory Of Machines, 3rd Edition ,McGraw Hill.
TB2: Bevan T, Theory Of Machines, CBS Publishers and Distributors
3. Reference Books
RB1: Shigley, Theory of Machines, Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi
4. Other readings and relevant websites
S.No.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Link of Journals, Magazines, websites and Research Papers


http://www.animationlibrary.com/sc/168/Gears/
http://www.mechanisms101.com/involute1.html
http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/course
http://www.technologystudent.com/gears1/geardex1.htm

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5. Course Plan
Lectur Topics
e
Numbe
r
1-2

Kinematics of machine, Kinematic link and their


different types

3-4

Types of kinematic pair, kinematic chain,


mechanism and inversions of four bar chain and
slider crank mechanism.
Degree of freedom, Graphical and Analytical
methods for finding: Displacement, velocity, and
acceleration of mechanisms.
Types of cams and followers, cam terminology

5-7
8-9
10

Types of motion of the follower, analysis of motion


of the follower

11-12

Analysis of motion of the follower for cams with


specified contours.
ST-1( 23-27 SEPT)
Classification of gears, terminology used in gears,
law of gearing

13
14-15

Velocity of sliding, forms of teeth, construction and


properties of an involute,

16

Construction and properties of cycloidal teeth, effect


of variation of center distance on the velocity ratio
of involute profile tooth gears
Length of path of contact, arc of contact, number of
pairs of teeth in contact,

17-18
19-20
21-22

23-24
25-26
27-29
30-34
35-36

Interference, minimum number of teeth,


interference between rack and pinion, undercutting.
Definition of simple and compound gear train.
Reverted and epicyclic gear trains, velocity ratio of
epicyclic gear trains.
ST-2 (28 OCT-1 NOV)
Types of belt drives, velocity ratio, law of belting,
Length of belt, ratio of friction tensions, power
transmitted
Effect of centrifugal tension on power transmission,
condition for maximum power transmission,
Concept of slip and creep. Chain drive.
Function, types and characteristics of governors,
Watt governors. Porter and Proell governor. Hartnell
and Willson-Hartnell, spring loaded governors.
Sensitivity, Stability and isochronisms. Hunting of
governors. Governor effort and power controlling
force curve

Text
Book
/
Reference
Book / Other
reading
material
TB1
TB2
Link-2
TB1
TB2
Link-2
TB1
TB2

Page
numbers
of Text
Book(s)

TB1
TB2
Link-1,2,3
TB1
TB2
Link-1,2,3
TB1
RB1

209-213
281-290

TB1
TB2
RB1
TB1
TB3
RB1
TB1
TB2
RB1
TB1
TB2
RB1
TB1
TB2
TB1
TB2
RB1
Link 4

333-342
315-322
225-227
343-345
323-329
229-232
345-347
330-335
233-239
349-351
337-340
240-245
354-361
340-347
378-382
366-376
390-400

TB1
Link-3
TB1
Link 2,3
TB1
Link 2,3

296,299,3
04
304,310,3
12
315,316
324,325

TB1
TB2

559-579
454-460

TB1
TB2

582-589
471-482

1-3
1-6
3,18,27
7-12
81
69

215-217
292-301
232
222

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Tutorial Plan
Tutoria
l
Numbe
r
1
2-3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Topics

Inversions of four bar chain and slider crank mechanism.


Degree of freedom, Graphical and Analytical methods for finding:
Displacement, velocity, and acceleration of mechanisms.
Analysis of motion of the follower for cams with specified contours.
Velocity of sliding, Length of path of contact, arc of contact, number of
pairs of teeth in contact.
Interference, minimum number of teeth, interference between rack and
pinion
Velocity ratio of epicyclic gear trains.
Length of belt, ratio of friction tensions, power transmitted
Centrifugal tension on power transmission, condition for maximum power
transmission, Concept of slip and creep
Watt governors. Porter and Proell governor.
Hartnell and Willson-Hartnell, spring loaded governors.
Sensitivity, Stability and isochronisms. Hunting of governors. Governor
effort and power controlling force

6. Evaluation Scheme:
Component
1*

Sessional Tests (STs)*

40

Component
2**

End Term Examination**

60

Total

100

* There are two Sessional Tests (STs) for all theory papers, both are compulsory. The
average of two will be taken as final internal assessment.
** The End Term Comprehensive examination will be held at the end of semester. The
mandatory requirement of 75% attendance in all theory classes is to be met for being
eligible to appear in this component.

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SYLLABUS
Contents

Lectures

BASIC CONCEPTS:
Kinematics of machine, Kinematic link and their different
types, types of kinematic pair, kinematic chain, mechanism
and inversions of four bar chain and slider crank
mechanism. Degree of freedom, Graphical and Analytical
methods for finding: Displacement, velocity, and
acceleration of mechanisms.
CAMS AND FOLLOWER:
Types of cams and followers, cam terminology, types of
motion of the follower, analysis of motion of the follower,
analysis of motion of the follower for cams with specified
contours.
GEARS:
Classification of gears, terminology used in gears, law of
gearing, velocity of sliding, forms of teeth, construction and
properties of an involute, construction and properties of
cycloidal teeth, effect of variation of center distance on the
velocity ratio of involute profile tooth gears, length of path
of contact, arc of contact, number of pairs of teeth in
contact, interference, minimum number of teeth,
interference between rack and pinion, undercutting.
GEAR TRAINS:
Definition of simple, compound, reverted and epicyclic gear
trains, velocity ratio of epicyclic gear trains
BELT, ROPE AND CHAIN DRIVE:
Types of belt drives, velocity ratio, law of belting, length of
belt, ratio of friction tensions, power transmitted, effect of
centrifugal tension on power transmission, condition for
maximum power transmission, concept of slip and creep.
Chain drive.
GOVERNORS:
Function, types and characteristics of governors, Watt,
Porter and Proell governor. Hartnell and Willson-Hartnell,
spring loaded governors. Numerical problems on these
governors. Sensitivity, stability, isochronisms and hunting of
governors. Governor effort and power controlling force
curve.

Weightage(
%age)
16%

16%

20%

12%

16%

20%

This document is approved by


Designation
Name
Course Coordinator
Mr. Gaurav Jain
PI
Prof. Anoop Kumar Singh
Dy. Dean
Prof. Kuldeep Singh Nagi
Date

Signature

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