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Quiz #1 - WEDNESDAY

Go to you correct room!!!!


room number + time on D2L under grades
If you go to the wrong room, your exam
wont be graded!!
DO NOT come here if you are not formally
registered in this class.
Hand in exam questions and bubble sheet!

Recall.
Kinematic equations
fx =
ix + ax t

xf
2
fx

1
= xi + ix t + ax ( t)2
2
2
= ix
+ 2ax (xf xi )

For free fall, a = +/- g


(+/- , depending on coordinate system)

2.6 Motion on an inclined plane


2.7 Instantaneous acceleration

2.6 Spoiler: |a| = g sin


2.7 Spoiler: Take the derivative of v.

From last time. Free Fall..

Kinematic Equations for


Constant Acceleration
Assuming any t:
fx

xf
2
fx

ix

+ ax t

1
2
= xi + ix t + ax ( t)
2
2
= ix + 2ax (xf xi )

Note: This is the most general in time.

Kinematic Equations
become these equations for
fy

yf
2
fy

Note:

iy

~a =

gj

~a

gt

1 2
= yi + iy t
gt
2
2
= iy 2g(yf yi )

ti = 0

t = tf

ti = t

+y

But what if the motion isnt


straight down?

Sliding down an Inclined Plane


When objects slide on
ramps (without friction)
they accelerate close to
gravity.
Rather than all 9.81 m/s2,
we have a component
parallel to the incline.

Recognize that afree fall can be thought


of as the vector addition of two other
vectors.

afree fall = a|| + a

Use Trigonometry to determine the


acceleration down the ramp
The acceleration due to
gravity can be separated into
a component perpendicular to
the incline and a component
parallel to the incline.
a|| is the component relevant
to the motion.
The magnitudes of the
components come from Trig

The H method

When to use sine and cosine using the H method.

Take an H, and place one of the


long ends along the surface, and
cross bar touching the BASE of the
contact point.

Take an H, and place one of the


long ends along the surface, and
cross bar touching the BASE of the
contact point.

g
Note the triangle!

Note that this angle () is 90-

Recall: the total angles in


a triangle Is 180o.

90


+ = 90

These two angles are the SAME!

opposite
sin =
g
g sin = opposite
g cos

g cos = adjacent

g sin g

g sin

Kinematic Equations

a|| = ax
fx

xf
2
fx

g sin
ix

+ ax t

1
2
= xi + ix t + ax t
2
2
= ix + 2ax (xf xi )

Kinematic Equations

a|| = ax
f x
xf
2
f x

g sin

= ix + g sin t
1
2
= xi + ix t + g sin t
2
2
= ix + 2g sin (xf xi )

FUN
f x
xf
2
f x

= ix + g sin t
1
2
= xi + ix t + g sin t
2
2
= ix + 2g sin (xf xi )

What do we know?
vi = 70 km/h = 19.44 m/s
= 15

a = g sin

xi = 0; xf = 500 m
Define the coordinate system such that
x is positive down the ramp.

x
f x
xf
f2x

= ix + g sin t
1
= xi + ix t + g sin t2
2
2
= ix
+ 2g sin (xf xi )

Use this kinematic


equation, since it can
utilize what we have.

What do we know?
vi = 70 km/h = 19.44 m/s
= 15

a = g sin

xi = 0; xf = 500 m
Define the coordinate system such that
x is positive down the ramp.

x
2
vf2 x = vix
+ 2g sin (xf

xi )

vf2 x = 19.442 + 2 9.81 sin 15 (500)


vf2 x = 2916.93 ! vf x = 54 m/s

The truck will be travelling 54 m/s at the bottom of the hill!

Questions?

2.7 Instantaneous acceleration


Acceleration can
change with time as
well!

aavg =

a = lim

The same mathematical


symmetry that exists
between v and x works
with a and v!

a(t)f dt
d
= =i +
f

d =

tf

ti
d
=
t
dt
tf
tf
ti

adt

a(t)dt

ti

tf

a(t)dt
ti

Things to remember:
dx
vx =
dt

dvx
ax =
dt

dx = vx dt !
dvx = ax dt !

x=

(The kinematic equations


came from these definitions!)

xf

dx =

xi

vx =

vxf

vxi

tf

vx dt

ti

dv =

tf

ti

ax dt

Things to remember:
Given a function
of time:

f (t) = atn

where a is a
constant
(i.e. number)

df (t)
n 1
=ant
dt
The anti-derivative
Z
n+1
t
(integral) is:
(+ C)
F (t) = f (t)dt = a
n+1
The derivative is:

For indefinite Integrals


(i.e.,without limits on the
integral)

Questions?