Anda di halaman 1dari 28

# Quiz #1 - WEDNESDAY

## Go to you correct room!!!!

room number + time on D2L under grades
If you go to the wrong room, your exam
DO NOT come here if you are not formally
registered in this class.
Hand in exam questions and bubble sheet!

Recall.
Kinematic equations
fx =
ix + ax t

xf
2
fx

1
= xi + ix t + ax ( t)2
2
2
= ix
+ 2ax (xf xi )

(+/- , depending on coordinate system)

## 2.6 Motion on an inclined plane

2.7 Instantaneous acceleration

## 2.6 Spoiler: |a| = g sin

2.7 Spoiler: Take the derivative of v.

## Kinematic Equations for

Constant Acceleration
Assuming any t:
fx

xf
2
fx

ix

+ ax t

1
2
= xi + ix t + ax ( t)
2
2
= ix + 2ax (xf xi )

## Note: This is the most general in time.

Kinematic Equations
become these equations for
fy

yf
2
fy

Note:

iy

~a =

gj

~a

gt

1 2
= yi + iy t
gt
2
2
= iy 2g(yf yi )

ti = 0

t = tf

ti = t

+y

straight down?

## Sliding down an Inclined Plane

When objects slide on
ramps (without friction)
they accelerate close to
gravity.
Rather than all 9.81 m/s2,
we have a component
parallel to the incline.

## Recognize that afree fall can be thought

of as the vector addition of two other
vectors.

## Use Trigonometry to determine the

acceleration down the ramp
The acceleration due to
gravity can be separated into
a component perpendicular to
the incline and a component
parallel to the incline.
a|| is the component relevant
to the motion.
The magnitudes of the
components come from Trig

The H method

## Take an H, and place one of the

long ends along the surface, and
cross bar touching the BASE of the
contact point.

## Take an H, and place one of the

long ends along the surface, and
cross bar touching the BASE of the
contact point.

g
Note the triangle!

## Recall: the total angles in

a triangle Is 180o.

90

+ = 90

## These two angles are the SAME!

opposite
sin =
g
g sin = opposite
g cos

g sin g

g sin

Kinematic Equations

a|| = ax
fx

xf
2
fx

g sin
ix

+ ax t

1
2
= xi + ix t + ax t
2
2
= ix + 2ax (xf xi )

Kinematic Equations

a|| = ax
f x
xf
2
f x

g sin

= ix + g sin t
1
2
= xi + ix t + g sin t
2
2
= ix + 2g sin (xf xi )

FUN
f x
xf
2
f x

= ix + g sin t
1
2
= xi + ix t + g sin t
2
2
= ix + 2g sin (xf xi )

What do we know?
vi = 70 km/h = 19.44 m/s
= 15

a = g sin

xi = 0; xf = 500 m
Define the coordinate system such that
x is positive down the ramp.

x
f x
xf
f2x

= ix + g sin t
1
= xi + ix t + g sin t2
2
2
= ix
+ 2g sin (xf xi )

## Use this kinematic

equation, since it can
utilize what we have.

What do we know?
vi = 70 km/h = 19.44 m/s
= 15

a = g sin

xi = 0; xf = 500 m
Define the coordinate system such that
x is positive down the ramp.

x
2
vf2 x = vix
+ 2g sin (xf

xi )

## vf2 x = 19.442 + 2 9.81 sin 15 (500)

vf2 x = 2916.93 ! vf x = 54 m/s

Questions?

## 2.7 Instantaneous acceleration

Acceleration can
change with time as
well!

aavg =

a = lim

## The same mathematical

symmetry that exists
between v and x works
with a and v!

a(t)f dt
d
= =i +
f

d =

tf

ti
d
=
t
dt
tf
tf
ti

a(t)dt

ti

tf

a(t)dt
ti

Things to remember:
dx
vx =
dt

dvx
ax =
dt

dx = vx dt !
dvx = ax dt !

x=

## (The kinematic equations

came from these definitions!)

xf

dx =

xi

vx =

vxf

vxi

tf

vx dt

ti

dv =

tf

ti

ax dt

Things to remember:
Given a function
of time:

f (t) = atn

where a is a
constant
(i.e. number)

df (t)
n 1
=ant
dt
The anti-derivative
Z
n+1
t
(integral) is:
(+ C)
F (t) = f (t)dt = a
n+1
The derivative is:

## For indefinite Integrals

(i.e.,without limits on the
integral)

Questions?