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HISTORY OF

KABADDI
Kabaddi is a contact sport that originated in ancient India.
According to Collins English Dictionary, the word "Kabaddi"
originates from the Tamil language. It is one of the most popular
sports in India, played mainly among people in villages .It is
regarded as a team-contact sport as a recreational form of
combat training. Two teams occupy opposite halves of a small
field and take turns sending a raider into the other half, in order
to win points by tagging/wrestling members of the opposing
team; the raider then tries to return to his own half while holding
his breath and chanting "kabaddi, kabaddi, kabaddi" during the
whole raid. In the southern parts of India, the game is referred to
as Chedugudu or Hu-Tu-Tu. In eastern India, it is fondly called
Hadudu (for men) and Kit-Kit (for women). The game is known as
Kabaddi in northern India. Breath control, raid, dodging and
movement of hand and feet are the basic skills that one has to
acquire, in order to play kabaddi. The player has to acquire power
and learn both offensive and defensive skills to excel in the game,
which combines ugby and wrestling.
The origin of kabaddi can be traced to the pre-historic times. In
India, kabaddi was primarily devised as a way to develop the
physical strength and speed in young men. During its inception,
kabaddi was played to boost the self-defense skills and to develop
quick responsiveness to attacks. It also sharpened the reflexes of
counter attacks of the individuals, who mostly played in groups or
teams.

Modern Kabaddi is a synthesis of the game played in various


forms under different names. Kabaddi received international
exposure during the 1936 Berlin Olympics, demonstrated by
Hanuman Vyayam PrasarakMandal, Amaravati Maharashtra. The
game was introduced in the Indian Olympic Games at Calcutta in
1938.

Kabaddi in Mythology
Historians suggest that some other ancient scripts have proved
that kabaddi existed in the pre-historic times in India. In
Mahabharata, Arjuna had a unique talent in the game of kabaddi.
He could effortlessly sneak into the 'wall' of enemies, destroy
them all and come backunscathed. As per the Buddhist literature,
Gautam Buddha played kabaddi for recreational purposes. It says
that he loved to play the game and took it as a means to exhibit
his strength, which helped him to win his brides. It is quite evident
from the manuscripts discovered by the historians that kabaddi
was a much adored game in the ancient times.

Kabaddi in Modern India


In the modern times, kabaddi was given the national status of a
game in India in 1918. The state of Maharashtra is accredited with
upbringing the game to a national platform. Consequently, the
standard set of rules and regulations for the game were
formulated in the same year. However, the rules and regulations
were brought to print only after a few years, in 1923. During the
same year, an All India Tournament for kabaddi was organized at
Baroda, wherein the players strictly followed the rules and

regulations formulated for the game. Since then, the game has
come a long way. Its popularity increased and a number of
tournaments were organized at national level, throughout the
country. The game was introduced at the 1938 Indian Olympic
Games held at Calcutta, which fetched it international recognition

AIKF and AKFI


With a view to increase the popularity of kabaddi as a sport in
India, the All India Kabaddi Federation (AIKF) was founded in
1950. Since its establishment, the AIKF has been working towards
uplifting the standard of the game. To serve the purpose, it has
been conducting National level kabaddi championships on a
regular basis since 1952, in accordance with the set rules and
regulations (for the game). In 1955, the first men's national
tournament was organized in Madras (the present day Chennai),
while the women's nationals were held in Calcutta (the present
day Kolkata). The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI)
came into existence in 1973, in order to popularize the game in
the neighboring countries of India as well as to organize national
level tournaments.

Inclusion of Kabaddi in Curriculum


In 1961, the Indian University Sports Control Board (IUSCB)
included the game of kabaddi in its curriculum, as a prime sports
discipline forthe students. This raised the status of kabaddi as a
game in India, further. Thereafter, the game was introduced as
one of the important games in the school by the School Games
Federation of India (SGFI) in 1962. This decision played the pivotal
role in urging the school going children to participate in state and

national level competitions for the game, organized by the SGFI.


Another development in the history of kabaddi in India took shape
in 1971, when the National Institute of Sports (NIS) included
Kabaddi in the curriculum of Regular Diploma courses.

The Present Day Scenario


The popularity of kabaddi has increased over the passing years,
from being a popular game in the rural India to a sport recognized
at the national level. A number of championships, both at the
national and international level, have been organized for kabaddi,
wherein the Indian national kabaddi team has delivered
remarkable performances. The introduction of Federation Cup
Kabaddi matches in India in 1981 is a milestone in the history of
kabaddi in India. India touched another milestone in 2004, when
she hosted the first ever Kabaddi World Cup, in Mumbai. The
country won the World Cup.

Important information
regarding the game
Number of players
12(7+5)
Number of player at a time
Size of court for men or senior
m
Size of court for women and juniors
m
Size of court for mini or sub junior
8.00 m
Duration of match for men
of 2020 minutes

7
13.0 x 10
12.0 x 8
11.0 x
2 halves

Duration of match for women


2 halves
of 15-15 minutes
Interval
5
minutes
Thickness of central and other line
5 cm
Size of sitting block of men
1x8
m
Size of sitting block of women
1x6
m
Numbers of Officials7 ( 1 referee, 2 umpires,

1
scorer, 1 timekeeper,

2
linemen)
Distance of center line from baulk line
3.75 m
(men) and
3 m (women)

Basic rules
The team that wins the toss may either choose the court or
raid.
If a player steps out of the boundary the umpire will declare
him out.
After the game begins, even the lobbies are included in the
ground.
If the raider does not pronounce the word kabaddi clearly,
the umpire can send him back.
The raider should begin to chant before the touches the
opponents court or else the umpire may ask him to return
and give the opponent team an opportunity to raid.

Only one player can raid at one time in the opponents


court.
If the raider loses breath in the opponents court then he will
be declared out.
If the opponent pushes or pulls the raider out of field then
the raider will not be out instead the player using these
means will be out.
No player from the opponents team can touch the raiders
court till the raider return to his court.
After the opponent team is `out, the players will return to
the field in the same order in which they were declared out.
If one team outs all players of the opponent team, then that
team gets two extra point called Lona.
A match cancelled due to rain or lack of light can be played
again.
Minimum seven players are required for a match.
The team which shows more point in both durations is
declared the winner.
Flip a coin to decide which team will go first.

Classification of kabaddi skills


RAID
Kabaddi is the game of attack and defense. Attack is also
known as raid and the attacker is called the raider in
kabaddi. The singularity of the game is that attack is an
individual effort while defense is a combined effort.

Raid is the main tool of the offense the scoring point against
the opponent team. It is a continuous process since players
from team raids on the court alternatively.
Ads per the rules of kabaddi, the player who enters the
opposite court with cant, all the while with holding his
breath is known as the raider. Cant is the continuous
chanting of approved with kabaddi by the raider without
taking a breath. To make the raid successful, the raider must
enter the opponent court with cant and either cross the
baulk line or touch one or more antis and return safely with
cant to his home court, without breach of rules. Raid is
backbone of kabaddi, and the raider plays a very important
role in scoring point for the team. He is capable of scoring a
number of points in a single raid with his individual skills and
enterprise, while the defense get only one point in the event
of his being caught.
The main constituent of a raid comprises pre-consideration,
cant, entry, settling and path of attack, footwork, skills,
tactics and retreat.

CANT

One of the unique features of kabaddi is cant. The raider has


to withhold his breath during the entire course of raid and
keep us a continuous and audible cant of the word kabaddi
until he returns to home court.
This is known as cant in kabaddi and if he happens to loss
his cant during the raid or struggle before he reaches home
court, he will declared out and offense side will lose a point.
The definition of cant as coined by Amateur Kabaddi
federation of India rules reads The repeated without break
and at a stretch and clear utterance of approved
wordkabaddi with in the course of one respiration shall be
called a cant. In other words, cant can also be defined as

the measurement of raid since the length of the raid can be


determined on the duration of cant.

FOOTWORK

Footwork in kabaddi means the movement made by the


raider with his feet, during the course of the raid. The factors
influencing footwork includethe stance of the raider, body
position, movement, speed, agility, etc. A raider has to move
quickly from one spot to other during raid, complete his task
and reach safely. For this he depends largely on footwork.
Footwork can broadly be classified into four types, i.e.
leading leg raid, natural method and reverse step raid.

SKILLS
Skill is the automatic application of technique without conscious
thought. Skill can be defined as the ability to co-ordinate
different muscles in order to perform a combination of specific
movements smoothly and effectively. Technique should be applied
dexitery, economy of movement and easily, without
tension
Mastery over the technique of game is called skill. The skills used
by the raider in kabaddi are called offensive skills, while the skills
used by the antis are called defensive skills used by the raider.
During the raid the raider has to make maximum use of his limb
to come in contact or touch the opponent in order to score point.
This is accomplished through leg touch such as toe touch, foot
touch, squat leg, thrust, kicks etc., with lower limbs and through
hand touch with upper limbs. Apart from these basic skills, the
raider must also learn advanced skills such as counter action for
escape from different holds. A skillful raider is one who has gained
mastery over all techniques.

TACTICS
Tactics means exploiting a given situation to ones advantage or
creating a situation to suit ones purpose.
In kabaddi, the raider is the principal performers who can changes
the tempo of the game. Depending on the game situation, the
raider may increase or decrease the tempo of the game. In order
to do this he may adopt a passive raid or an aggressive raid by
creating a situation for struggle. Sometime the raider may pass
time in last few minutes of the game, especially when his team is
leading and the opponents are playing aggressive game. All these
are the tactics adopted by the raider keeping in view the game
situation. Tactics and technique go hand in hand for any
successful raid.

IMPORTANT TOURNAMENTS
INTERNATIONAL:

World Cup
Asian Games
SAF Games
Asian Indore Games

NATIONAL:-

Federation Cup
Junior (U-18)National Championship
Senior National Championship
Youth (U-16) National Championship
Sub Junior (U-13) National Championship

SPORTS PERSONALITIES
Indian National Team (men)

Rakesh Kumar (capt)


Anup Kumar (vice capt)
Navneet Gautam
Samarjeet
Jasveer Singh
Satish Kumar
Surjeet Singh
Rajguru
Manjeet chillar
Shailash Savant
Nintin Mande
Gurpreet

AWARDS /ACHEIVEMENTS
ARJUNA AWARDEES
S.NO

YEAR

NAME

1
Rajendranatham

1994

Subbiah

2
Ganesan

1995

Perumal

1996

Raju Bavsar

1998

Ashan Kumar

1998

Biswajeet Singh

1999

Balwindar Singh

1999

Tirath Raj

2000

C. Honappa

9
Singh

2002

Ram Mehar

10

2003

Sanjeev Kumar

11

2004

Sundar Singh

12

2005

B. C. Ramesh

13

2006

Naveen Gautam

14
Shrisat

2008

Pankaj Navnath

15

2010

Dinesh

16

2011

Tajeswani Bai

17

2011

Rakesh Kumar

18

2012

Anup Kumar

19

2014

Mamta Pujari

DRONACHARYA AWARD
2002

E. Prasad Rao

RAMANLAL
SHORAWALA
PUBLIC
SCHOOL
2016 2017
PHYSICAL
EDUCATION
PROJECT WORK
KABADDI

SUBMITTED BY: - LOKESH


KUSHWAH

SUBMITTED TO: J.P.KUSHWAH SIR

CONTENT
HISTORY OF KABADDI
COURT DIMENSION
BASIC RULES
KABADDI SKILLS
RAID
CANT
FOOTWORK
SKILLS
TACTICS

IMPORTANT TOURNAMENTS

SPORTS PERSONALITIES
AWARDS / ACHEIVEMENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEME
NT
I would like to express my
special thanks to my teacher Mr.
J.P. Kushwah as well as our
principal Mrs. Mathur who gave
me the golden opportunity to
this wonderful project KABADDI,
which also helped me in doing a
lot of research and I came to
know about so many new things
I am really thankful to them.

Secondly I would also like to


thank my parents and friends
who helped me a lot in finalizing
this project within the limited
time frame.

TEACHERS
REMARK

TEACHERS
REMARK

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