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AASHT

recom

O

mend.

Soldier Pile & Tieback rods with Lagging

(1) Soil Properties

Project: SAWA COMPANY BUILDING

Eng. Nawaf Abu Sarris

=  = f=tan = =  q s = A= SF= P A = P s =

=

Total Thrust

Design Ti=

Moment, Ms

Moment, MA

  • 30 =

K =

a

  • 0.333 =

slope of surcharge angle

30

=

internal angle of friction

30

for rough rod & 20-35 for smooth rods=0.6-0.8

  • 0.576996

=

Upper layer

  • 30 =(45-/2)

=

=

=

angle of inclination from horizontal of tieback Lower layer-rock between assumed failure plane and vertical

  • 60 S=

3

  • 5 KN/m 2

arg Min. in be inter calc. as
arg
Min. in
be
inter
calc.
as
  • 16.5 KN/m 3

=

22

KN/m

3

1.35

m

1.5

24.72

KN/m

  • 4.99 KN/m

29.71

44.57

6.74

KN/m

KN/m

m.KN

Safety Factor

P A =K a 1 H 2 /2

Ps=k T pul =P

a

q s H A +P

s

Active Thrust
Active
Thrust

Design T i =T pul *SF

AASHT O Soldier Pile & Tieback rods with Lagging (1) Soil Properties Project: SAWA COMPANY BUILDING

24.72

m.KN

Figure-1: Tieback section

Total Moment

31.46

m.KN

From Soldier Pile Calculations:

Length=

6m

Section IPE

120.00

S =

53

cm 3

Steel tensile f



Mpa

x

 

y

Moment for Section

9.54

m.KN=

M

f =

180

Mpa

max.

a

To satisfy equilibrium , the following equation sould be verified

 

Stabilizing Moment

Overturning Moment

 

1.5

Safety

Factor

Horizontal

 

Stabilizing Moment=

M max.

PLUS

M T.

componenet

Stabilizing Moment=

9.54

0+

T i *cos

 

Overturning Moment=

31.46

Solvig for Ti, Ti=

43.47

KN/m

 

which is close to designe value

Tieback required steel area using rough rods at 1m c/c

 

44.57

KN/m

 

T

  • v 22.275 Check

=

For rod steel f a (allowable) ≤ 0.60 f

y

Steel tensile f

y

420

Mpa

HTS

f =

a

252

Mpa

A st =

Grade 60

258.8
258.8
  • mm 2

Rod Diameter=

15.00642

mm

D=(T i /0.7854*f a ) 0.5

from moment D= from tensile

Diameter=

18

mm -Gr60

Use
Use

75

3 " Drilled hole

14.25201

P s M T. T H P A T v M max. mm
P
s
M
T.
T
H
P A
T
v
M
max.
mm

Tieback required Lengh Lt

Rod embedment in rock

Given:

=

=

30

16.5 T ult

=

44.57
44.57

=

30

=

30

=

60

D =

e

3

x= 2.5
x= 2.5

3.0

90

1.35

to simplify calculations

Lt= total Lr not less than 0.3H or

Lr= Unbonded

Le=

Lr=(H-A)sin/sin(180-(90-)-)

Tieback required Lengh Lt Given:  =  = 30 16.5 ult = 44.57  =

<

3

Top failure Wedge Width Xi=

Top failure Wedge Width Xi<(X+0.5)

X

=

i

1.73

Must be achieved

L =

r

0.8246209

1

Horizantal distance of tie a/(H+D) ≥1

Tieback required Lengh Lt Given:  =  = 30 16.5 ult = 44.57  =

>

Tieback required Lengh Lt Given:  =  = 30 16.5 ult = 44.57  =

0.9

OKIII

use a/(H+D)

OKIII

1.2

H+D=

6.0

a=

7.2

L t = a.cos

6.236338
6.236338

Lt=Lr+Le

USE

  • L t

=

  • 7 METER

OKIII

Le=

6

METER

FIXED

Bonded

h m = A+(Lr+0.5Le)sin

3.349

Check

a

8.0817

Ti*SF=π.D.h m ..L e .tan

 

Ti*SF=

45.05

>

43.47

OKIII

a/(H+D)= 1.34694425 OKIII

Check Lagging M = max Sx= b= Sz=bt /6 t= USE Check i = 44.57 60%

Check Lagging

Design load=

  • M =

max

Sx=

b= Sz=bt 2 /6 t= USE Check

T i

=

44.57

26.74

KN/m

60% shoring load for lagging

2.005664 m.KN

11.14258

cm 3

1.5

m

Ti*L 2 /8

L=

Spacing=

1

meter

6.6761

S =

x

INPUT
INPUT

f =

a

mm

USE t=

3

mm

steel plates of 4 mm thickness

1.5

cm 3

Check Lagging M = max Sx= b= Sz=bt /6 t= USE Check i = 44.57 60%

0.54

m.KN

Mmax-Mavi.

available

Check Lagging M = max Sx= b= Sz=bt /6 t= USE Check i = 44.57 60%
  • 300 Mpa

Available moment= Required Moment=

Sx=

may be covered by using braceing-see below

Available M=0.6 fa*Ast.

1.46566412 m.KN

Check Lagging M = max Sx= b= Sz=bt /6 t= USE Check i = 44.57 60%
  • 8.142578 cm3

USE CPE100 CHANNELS AS BRACING (SX=41.1 cm 3)

Check downward force Tv due to prestressing

T V

=

22.27

esistance to downward force is furnished by the skin of both pile and steel plate embedde

From chart:

N-SPT=

  • 10 for =

   

tsf

A=

1.65

Friction Resistance, Fr =

0.1 tsf=

r

  • 30 Friction Resistance = N/100 KN/m 2

10.76

 

D =

e

3

Resistance for 1 m spacing=

F .d*S*De

15.21

KN/m 2

Pile

From Soldier Pile

d =

0.15

Design

p

Resistance for 1 m spacing=

F r 1side*S*D sh

17.76

KN/m 2

Plate

S=

1

Total Resistance=

32.97

KN/m 2

Safety factor=

Safety factor= 1.3 Resistance= 25.3614 > 22.27 okiiiii * A use of K=Ko can be justified
  • 1.3 Resistance=

25.3614

>
>

22.27

okiiiii

* A use of K=Ko can be justified if the grout or concrete is placed, otherwise use K=Ko. Values of K>Ko are not recommended because of soil creep.

* use min diameter 20mm, inserted in drilled holes at 30 o inclination filled with cement-sand mixture with a low enough viscosity that it can be pumped. Use cement Type I or II 7& add admixtures to prevent cement shrinkage.

* using = 30 o inclination to avoid underground utilities.

*Hence rod is not to be driven mechanically, use grouted D if the rod is put in a drivin hole and grouted. is about in this case for grouted rods. * Wall facing must be attached using welding or brackets. Use spacers with the effective rod length. Rod diameter was computed based on Ti with suitale SF, so that fa=fy/Sf of rod steel. * An average depth outside the wedge zone used for sloping rods.

SOLDIER PILE - ADVANCED BUILDING -ABDALI

=

  • 30 =

=

internal angle of friction

=

slope of surcharge angle



30

 

 

=

16.5

=

KN/m 3

22

=

upper layer

=

lower layer density

density

S=

1

m

S=

spacing between piles

b=

0.15

m

effective pile width

N=

2.4

<3

OKII

N=Passive arching capability =0.08 *, but not exceed 3.00

Nb=

0.36

Min. specified strength of lean mix. = 170 Kg/cm 2

K =

0.333

a

K =

3.000

p

H=

3

m

q=

5

KN/m 2

   
 = 30  =   = internal angle of friction  = slope of
 



KN/m KN/m P 2 arm H/2 H P 1 arm H/3 Trafic Surcharge 1.5b 5 KN/M
KN/m
KN/m
P 2 arm H/2
H
P 1 arm H/3
Trafic Surcharge
1.5b
5
KN/M 2

P A =

24.75

P S =

5.00

 

D

 

Rock

q

 

arm=D/3

 

No passive pressure

 
 

F =0.00

 
   

P

A

=

24.75

KN/m

H/3

 

1

P

S

=

5.00

KN/m

H/2

1.5

Acting Thrust

FORCE

ARM

 

M

D-FACTOR

c

 

PA=

24.75

[D+H/3]

 

24.75(D+1)

24.75

24.749949

PS=

5.00

[D+H/2]

5(D+1.5)

5.00

7.4999847

 

Dolving for D

 

sum

29.75

32.249934

M=0.00

 

D=

 

1.08403361

use D =

3

INPUT

 

e

 

Determine D by Taking Moments About F

   

Sum

0

29.75

     

D=

1.0840336134

M

soldier

6

 

Consider Safety Factor 3

USE

D=

3

 

M

 

pile

m

length=

 
 

Locate Depth to Plane of Zero Shear

 

F=0.00

 

P A +

P S

R

RESULTANT

 

Moment

   

24.74994944 4.9999898

 

R

29.7499392287

R

3.0840336134

Ў

 

Determine Section Modulus Required

 

F =

180

M=

91.75

Sx=

y

M/F

a

F =

y

300
300

S =

50.9721181

cm 3

x

USE

IPE

120

S X

=

53

cm 3

could be used (providing deflection in not a consideration)

 

1

D

3

 
  • 0 -12.00

D

2

 

D

1

0.00

D

0

D

C3

R3

C2

R2

C3

R3

C0

R4

-9.0000

1

-729

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

###

0.00

0.00

-8.0000

1

-512

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

96.00

0.00

0.00

-7.0000

1

-343

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

84.00

0.00

0.00

-6.0000

1

-216

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

72.00

0.00

0.00

-5.0000

1

-125

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

60.00

0.00

0.00

-4.0000

1

-64

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

48.00

0.00

0.00

-3.0000

1

-27

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

36.00

0.00

0.00

-2.0000

1

-8

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

24.00

0.00

0.00

-1.0000

1

-1

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

12.00

0.00

0.00

0.0000

1

 
  • 0 0

  • 0 -12.00

 

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.0000

1

   
  • 1 -12.00

0

  • 0 -12.00

 

0.00

0.00

2.0000

1

   
  • 8 -12.00

0

  • 0 -24.00

 

0.00

0.00

3.0000

1

   
  • 27 -12.00

0

  • 0 -36.00

 

0.00

0.00

4.0000

1

   
  • 64 -12.00

0

  • 0 -48.00

 

0.00

0.00

5.0000

1

   
  • 125 -12.00

0

  • 0 -60.00

 

0.00

0.00

6.0000

1

   
  • 216 -12.00

0

  • 0 -72.00

 

0.00

0.00

7.0000

1

   
  • 343 -12.00

0

  • 0 -84.00

 

0.00

0.00

8.0000

1

   
  • 512 -12.00

0

  • 0 -96.00

 

0.00

0.00

9.0000

1

   
  • 729 -12.00

0

  • 0 ###

 

0.00

0.00

10.0000

1

1000

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

###

0.00

0.00

3.4635

1

41.5479

 
  • 0 -12.00

0

 

-41.56

0.00

0.00

         

cond root, when sign change

FINAl

-621.00

-416.00

-259.00

-144.00

-65.00

-16.00

9.00

16.00

11.00

0.00

-11.00

-16.00

-9.00

16.00

65.00

144.00

259.00

416.00

621.00

880.00

-0.01