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Welding Inspector Interview Questionnaire

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Question
What is ASME section IX all about?
What is ASME B31.3 all about?
What ASME Code covers Materials and
welding electrode specifications?
What is ASME section V all about?
As per ASME IX, what P No. is Stainless
Steel 316L
What is the welding code used in
structural steel?
What is 6G Position? Demonstrate using
your pen
What is 4F Position?
What is GTAW welding Process?
What is the purpose of Argon Gas in
GTAW Welding Process?
You use electrode E7018 in SMAW
process, what are E, 70, 1 & 8 stands for?

12.
13.

What is PWHT stands for?


What is WPS and PQR stands for?

14.

You have a WPS qualified with PWHT, can


this WPS be used in production weld
which does not require PWHT? Why?
Your welder has been qualified using 6
pipe size with wall thickness of 7.11 mm,
Can this welder weld 2 pipe
Same item 15 above, can welder weld on
30 pipe size?
Same question in item 15, can welder
weld wall thickness of 12 mm? Can welder
weld on 20 mm thickness?
As per ASME B31.3, what is the maximum
weld reinforcement allowed?

15.

16.
17

18.

19.
20.

21.

Your Weld showed excessive undercuts,


what would be the probable cause?
In SMAW welding, What would be the
most likely defect found when your
electrode is not dry (moist)?
What is the conditioning process of Low

Answer Key Word


Welding and Brazing Qualifications
Process Piping
ASME Section IIA Material; IIC for welding
electrode
Non-Destructive Examination
P No. 8
AWS D1.1
Pipe, inclined 45 degrees
Plate, Overhead (welding from under)
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding or TIG Welding
As shielding Gas. Shield welding process from
environment.
E = for electrode, 70 is tensile strength of
produced weld in thousands PSI (70,000 psi
tensile strength); 1 means the electrode can be
used in all welding positions and 8 is the type of
covering flux.
Post Weld Heat Treatment
Welding Procedure Specification & Procedure
Qualification Record
No, because PWHT is an essential variable in
Welding Procedure as per ASME IX.
No, if test piece is above 2-7/8 outside
diameter, minimum size qualified is 2-7/8 as
per ASME IX.
Yes, upper sizes are unlimited (No maximum
size limit).
For 12 mm YES but for 20 mm cannot. As per
ASME IX maximum qualified is up to 2T (2 x
7.11 = 14.22 mm).
Wall thickness
Max. Weld
Reinforcement
Less than 6 mm
1.5 mm
6 ~ 12.5 mm
3 mm
12.5 ~ 25 mm
4 mm
Above 25 mm
5 mm
Welding Amperage setting is too HIGH
Porosity

Baking for 2 hours at 300 deg C, store in

Welding Inspector Interview Questionnaire


Hydrogen electrode in SMAW process

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34.

35

The defect is fine porosity in the


center/middle of the weld, what NDT
method is most appropriate?
You have a fine surface cracks on Stainless
steel material, what NDT Method is
appropriate?
Can MT be used in item 23 above? Why?
How is the Weldability of material related
to its Carbon content?
What Mechanical Testing is distinctly
requirement in Low Temperature service
application
What Welding parameters directly affect
Heat Input? What is the formula?
What is DCEN & DCEP?
Normally What is the Polarity Used in
GTAW welding applicable to process
piping based on your experience? What
polarity used in SMAW (usually)?
Give typical amperage range for GTAW
Please explain buttering used in joint fitup
Give typical size of SMAW welding
electrode
What is inert back purging and where it is
applicable? What Gas is normally used?

Is grinding to improve weld profile after


PWHT require Re-PWHT? Is excavation
and weld repair after PWHT shall require
Re-PWHT?
As per Code and specifications, please
explain RT welder rejection rate control by
weld penalty strategy

Holding oven at around 120 deg C and during


welding in Portable drying oven at 70 deg. C (or
as per manufacturers recommendations).
RT

PT

No, SS cannot magnetized.


The Higher the carbon content is, weldability
become more difficult.
Impact Test

Voltage, Amperage and Travel Speed


Heat Input = Volt x amps / Travel speed
Direct Current Electrode Negative, Direct
Current Electrode Positive.
GTAW DCEN; SMAW DCEP

90 ~ 130 amps
Buttering is the weld build up on base metal to
maintain fit-up alignment requirement or other
purpose.
2.6, 3.2, 4.0, 5.0 mm
An inert gas used to purge the air on the
other/root side (inside pipe) during welding.
This is to avoid contact of air (oxygen) during
welding of root thus no oxidation. Required in
welding root pass of stainless steel and high
allow material. Argon is the commonly
specified inert gas for back purging.
Grinding Not required re-PWHT; Repair
welding required Re-PWHT

1 joint RT reject of welder need two joints for


RT as penalty; any further rejection on the two
1st penalty joint require another 2 per joint; if
still any reject found the whole lot welded by
the welder shall be subjected to RT. Welder
shall be stopped for production weld.