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PROGRAM LONJAKAN

CEMERLANG SAINS UPSR

SET 2

Theme: Investigating Living Things


(Year 4 and Year 5)

1 An athlete recorded his finding about relationship of different type of activity and the
rate of chest movement in the Diagram 1.
Seorang atlit merekodkan tentang hubungan di antara jenis aktiviti dengan kadar
pergerakan dada di dalam Rajah 1.

Chest movement rate


Kadar pergerakan dada

320

160

80
Type of activity/jenis aktiviti
Sleeping Working Running
Tidur Berjalan Berlari

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

a) What is the pattern of chest movement rate?


Apakah pola kadar pergerakan dada?
___________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

b) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation?


Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini?
___________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

1
c) State what is change (manipulated variable).
Nyatakan pembolehubah dimanipulasikan.
________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

d) The rate of human heart beat is affected by his activity level.


Kadar degupan jantung manusia dipengaruhi oleh tahap
keaktifannya.

i) Write one relationship (hypothesis) based on the above statement.


Tulis satu hubungan (hipotesis) berdasarkan pernyataan di atas.
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

ii) Based on the above statement state what is observed (responding


variable)
Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, nyatakan pembolehubah
bergerakbalas.
__________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

2 Study the table below.


Kaji jadual di bawah.

Type of animal Cow Tortoise Lion


Jenis haiwan Lembu Kura-kura Singa
Physical characteristic Horn Hard shell Sharp claws
Sifat luaran Tanduk Cengkerang keras Kuku tajam

Table 1
Jadual 1

2
a) What can you observed from the table above.
Apa yang dapat diperhatikan daripada jadual di atas.
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]
b) Give a reason (inference) for your observation in (a).
Beri satu inferens untuk pemerhatian anda di (a).
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]
c) State two information gathered in the investigation.
Nyatakan dua maklumat yang dikumpulkan dalam penyiasatan ini.
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks /2 markah]
d) State the conclusion for the investigation above.
Nyatakan kesimpulan dalam penyiasatan di atas.
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

3 An investigation was carried out to determine the relationship between sources of food
and the number of consumers. The study involved mice and eagles in the paddy field.
The study took five weeks.
Satu penyiasatan telah dijalankan untuk mengenalpasti hubungan diantara sumber
makanan dan jumlah pengguna. Kajian ini melibatkan tikus dan burung helang di
kawasan sawah padi. Kajian ini mengambil masa selama lima minggu.

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

3
The observations were recorded in the table below.
Pemerhatian tersebut telah direkodkan seperti jadual dibawah.

Week 1 2 3 4 5
Minggu
Number of mice 30 24 18 14 10
Bilangan tikus.
Number of eagles 8 10 12 9 6
Bilangan burung
helang.

a. State the aim (purpose) of the investigation.


Nyatakan tujuan penyiasatan

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

[ 1 mark /1 markah]

b. What is the trend of change in the number of eagles ?


Apakah corak bilangan burung helang ?

_________________________________________________________________

[ 1 mark /1 markah]

c. Give reason (inference) base on the observation of the number of mice?


Nyatakan inferens berdasarkan pemerhatian bilangan tikus?

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

[ 1 mark /1 markah]

d. Predict the number of eagles after the 5th week.


Ramalkan bilangan burung helang selepas lima minggu.

_________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

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e. State the relationship between number of eagle and number of mice.
________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

4 Husna placed five small fish, a big fish and some algae in an aquarium .
Husna memasukkan lima ekor ikan kecil dan seekor ikan besar dan alga ke
dalam sebuah akuarium.

After tree days, she made the following observations:


Selepas tiga hari, dia melakukan pemerhatian berikut:

Observations: 1. One small fish left.


Pemerhatian: 1. Seekor ikan kecil yang tinggal.

2. One big fish


2. Seekor ikan besar

3. Little bit algae left


3. Sedikit alga yang tinggal

a) Give a reason (inference) to support the above observations.


Berikan inferens untuk menyokong pemerhatian diatas.

i. There are one small fish left because ;..


Hanya seekor ikan kecil yang hidup kerana 0.

________________________________________________________________

[ 1 mark /1 markah]

ii. There is still one big fish because ;;;


Masih terdapat seekor ikan besar kerana 0000..

________________________________________________________________

[ 1 mark /1 markah]

b) Construct a food chain from the above investigation.


Bina satu rantai makanan dari penyiasatan diatas

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

[ 1 mark /1 markah]

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c) Name:
Nama:

i. producer: ____________________________________________

pengeluar : ___________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

ii consumer: ____________________________________________

pengguna : ____________________________________________
[ 1 mark /1 markah]

THE END