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RAN Feature Description

Chapter 10 Power Control

Chapter 10 Power Control


10.1 Summary of Updates
This section provides the update history of this manual and introduces the contents of
subsequent updates.
Manual Version

Description

01 (2006-9-26)

Modified the principles to adjust SIR target in case of


multi-service.

02 (2006-9-28)

Add description to the Rate Matching.

10.2 Introduction
The WCDMA system is a self-interfered system. The most important way to restrain
system interference level is the power control, especially in the uplink direction. Without
power control, a single overpowered UE could block a whole cell.

10.2.1 Definition
The power control is performed by the UE or UTRAN to adjust and control the power of
transmit signals according to the changes of channel environment and the quality of
receive signals.
In the WCDMA system, the power control mechanism comprises the following parts:
z

Open-loop power control: Applicable in UL and DL. It sets the initial uplink and
downlink transmit power. Open-loop power control is used on physical channels
such as PRACH, DPCH.

Inner-loop power control: Applicable in UL and DL. It directly adjusts the uplink
and downlink transmit power using power control commands. The inner loop
power control is performed by each UE and NodeB with the frequency of 1500
times per second (1.5 kHz).

Outer-loop power control: Applicable in UL and DL. It indirectly controls the


uplink and downlink transmit power by increasing or decreasing the target SIR
value.

DL power balance: It is used to reduce the downlink power drifting of a given UE


during soft handover.

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10.2.2 Purpose
The purpose of power control is to adjust the uplink and downlink power to the
minimum while ensuring the QoS.
In the uplink, if a UE near the NodeB has too large a transmit power, it may cause

great interference to other UEs on the edge of the cell or even block the whole cell.
This is called near-far effect. In that case, uplink power control is needed.
In the downlink, the system capacity is determined by the total required code

power for each connection. Therefore, it is necessary to keep the transmit power
at the lowest level while ensuring signal quality at the receiving end for each UE. In
that case, the downlink power control is needed.
z

Power control can be used against shadow fading and fast fading.

Power control can increase system capacity.

Power control for power drifting can improve the soft handover performance in the
downlink.

10.2.3 Terms and Abbreviations


I. Terms
None.

II. Abbreviations
Abbreviation

Full Spelling
rd

3GPP

3 Generation Partnership Project

AMR

Adaptive MultiRate

BER

Bit Error Rate

BLER

Block Error Rate

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

CPCH

Common Packet Channel

CPICH

Common Pilot Channel

DCH

Dedicated Channel

DL

Downlink

DPB

Downlink Power Balance

DPCCH

Dedicated Physical Control Channel

DPCH

Dedicated Physical Channel

DPDCH

Dedicated Physical Data Channel

FDD

Frequency Division Duplex

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FER

Frame Error Rate

LMT

Local Maintenance Terminal

MML

Man-Machine Language

MRC

Maximum Ratio Combining

OLPC

Outer-Loop Power Control

PCA

Power Control Algorithm

P-CPICH

Primary Common Pilot Channel

PRACH

Physical Random Access Channel

RAN

Radio Access Network

RNC

Radio Network Controller

RRC

Radio Resource Control

RSCP

Received Signal Code Power

RTWP

Received Total Wideband Power

SHO

Soft Handover

SIR

Signal-Interference Ratio

SRNC

Serving RNC

TFCI

Transport Format Combination Indicator

TPC

Transmit Power Control

UE

User Equipment

UL

Uplink

UMTS

Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

UTRAN

UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network

Uu

Uu Interface

WCDMA

Wideband CDMA

10.3 Availability
10.3.1 Involved Network Element
Table 10-1 shows the Network Elements (NEs) required for power control.

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Table 10-1 NEs required for power control


UE

NodeB

RNC

MSC
Server

MGW

SGSN
-

GGSN
-

HLR
-

Note:
z
z

- = NE not required
= NE required

10.3.2 Software Release


Table 10-2 describes the versions of the HUAWEI UMTS RAN products that support
power control.
Table 10-2 Product versions
Product
RNC

NodeB

Version

BSC6800

V100R002 and later releases

DBS3800

V100R006 and later releases

BTS3812A

V100R002 and later releases

BTS3812E

V100R002 and later releases

10.3.3 Miscellaneous
None.

10.4 Impact
10.4.1 On System Performance
Power control improves the system capacity and ensures the QoS.

10.4.2 On Other Features


None.

10.5 Restrictions
None.

10.6 Technical Description


Power control in the uplink and the downlink is different. UL power control and DL
power control are separately described.
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10.6.1 Power Control Configuration Model


The configuration model for power control is as show in Figure 10-1, Figure 10-2,
Figure 10-3, Figure 10-4, Figure 10-5, Figure 10-6, Figure 10-7 and Figure 10-8.
RNC
RadioClass

GlobalParaClass

RAB&SRBClass

CellClass

FRC.Class

PSCH.Class

CELL.Class

CORRMALGOSWITCH.Class

SSCH.Class

PCPICH.Class

OLPC.Class

BCH.Class

PRACHBASIC.Class

DPB.Class

FACH.Class

PRACHUUPARAS.Class

TYPRABBASIC.Class

SCCPCH.Class

AICH.Class

TYPRAB.Class

CHPWROFFSET.Class

RACH.Class

TYPSRBBASIC.Class

AICHPWROFFSET.Class

PRACHTFC.Class

TYPSRB.Class

PICHPWROFFSET.Class

CELLCAC.Class

TYPSRBOLPC.Class

CELLRLPWR.Class

CELLSETUP.Class

TYPRABOLPC.Class

CELLOLPC.Class

TYPSRBSEMISTATICTF.Class
TYPRABSEMISTATICTF.Class

Figure 10-1 Power control configuration model (1)

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CELLCAC.Class

FRC.Class

Max UL TX power of conversational service

TFCI power offset

Max UL TX power of streaming service

TPC power offset

Max UL TX power of interactive service

Pilot power offset

Max UL TX power of background service

Power control algorithm selection

RRC Proc DPDCH PC preamble length

UL closed loop power control step size

RRC Proc SRB delay

DL power control mode

HHO Proc DPDCH PC preamble length

FDD DL power control step size

HHO Proc SRB delay

Constant value configured by default

Initial power offset for SHO

Figure 10-2 Power control configuration model (2)


CELLRLPWR.Class

RACH.Clsass

RL Max DL TX power

Max preamble loop

RL Min DL TX power

Random back-off lower limit


Random back-off upper limit

Figure 10-3 Power control configuration model (3)


PRACHTFC.Class

CELLSETUP.Clsass

Power offset

Power increase limit

ADD PRACHTFC

DL power window average size

Gain Factor BetaD

DL power control mode 1

Figure 10-4 Power control configuration model (4)


PICHPWROFFSET

PRACHBASIC.Class
PRACHUUPARAS.Class

CHPWROFFSET.Class
AICHPWROFFSET.Class

Power increase step


Max preamble retransmission

AICH power offset


Constant value for calculating initial TX power
PICH power offset

Figure 10-5 Power control configuration model (5)


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TYPRABOLPC.Class

DPB.Class

TYPSRBOLPC.Class

DPB measurement report period


DPB measurement filter coefficient

BLER target value


DPB triggering threshold
SIR adjustment step
DPB stop threshold
Maximum SIR increase step
Ratio for max power
Maximum SIR decrease step
DPB adjustment ratio
Maximum SIR target
DPB adjustment period
Minimum SIR target
Max DPB adjustment step

Figure 10-6 Power control configuration model (6)

TYPRAB.Class

BCH.Class

TYPRABBASIC.Class

PSCH.Class

TYPSRB.Class

PCPICH.Class

TYPSRBBASIC.Class

CELL.Class

Reference BetaC
Reference BetaD

PCPICH transmit power

AICH.Class

PSCH transmit power

AICH transmission timing

BCH transmit power

TYPRABSEMISTATICTF.Class

TYPSRBSEMISTATICTF.Class

UL rate matching attribute

DL rate matching attribute

Figure 10-7 Power control configuration model (7)

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SSCH CELL.Class

FACH.Class
PCH.Class

SSCH transmit power

SCCPCH.Class
CELLSELRESEL.Class
PCH power
Max allowed UE UL TX power
Max transmit power of FACH
CORRMALGOSWITCH.Class
OLPC.Class

Power control algorithm switch

CELLOLPC.Class

TYPSRBOLPC.Class
SIR init target value

SIR measurement filter coefficient

OLPC adjustment period

SIR adjustment coefficient

Figure 10-8 Power control configuration model (8)

10.6.2 Open-Loop Power Control


Based on the measurement acquirement of receive power, open-loop power control
attempts to make a rough estimation of path loss by means of a downlink signal, and
then to provide a coarse initial power setting of the UE and the NodeB at the beginning
of a connection.

I. Uplink Open-Loop Power Control


1)

Uplink Open-Loop Power Control on PRACH

The PRACH random access process is comprised of two different parts that the UE will
send to the system: preamble part and message part.

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AICH access
slots RX at UE
One access slot
Acq.
Ind.

PRACH access
slots TX at UE

p-a

Preamble

Preamble

p-p

Message part

p-m

Figure 10-9 PRACH preamble and message parts


The preamble part is at the length of 4096 chips and consists of 256 repetitions of a
signature that is 16chip long. There are a maximum of 16 signatures available.
The message part is 10 or 20 ms long and is comprised of a control part and a data part.
The data and control parts are transmitted in parallel. Once the UE receives an answer
on the corresponding AICH, it will send the message part of the PRACH.
Therefore, the parameters related to the UE access on the PRACH involve three parts:
z

Initial power calculation for the first preamble

Power ramping for preamble retransmission

Power setting for message part

Initial Power Calculation for the First Preamble


To determine the initial power of the UE on its first PRACH preamble transmission, both
UE and UTRAN are involved, as shown in Figure 10-10.

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BCH :
CPICH channel power
UL interference level

RACH

Measure CPICH_RSCP
Determine the initial transmitted power

Figure 10-10 Uplink open-loop power control on PRACH


Prior to PRACH transmission, the UE shall acquire the System Information Block
(SIB) that includes "Primary CPICH Tx power", UL interference, and Constant value.
The UE measures the value for the CPICH_RSCP and calculates the initial power for
the first PRACH preamble with the following formula:
Preamble_Initial_Power (PRACH) = PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER - CPICH_RSCP +
UL interference + CONSTANT VALUE FOR CALCULATING INITIAL TX POWER
Where:
z

The PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER parameter defines the PCPICH transmit power
in a cell. It is broadcast in SIB 5.

Parameter name

PCPICH transmit power

Parameter ID

PCPICHPOWER

GUI range

-100500

Physical range& unit

-1050, step: 0.1 (dBm)

Default value

330

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PCPICH/ MOD CELL

Description:
This parameter should be set based on the actual system environment such as cell
coverage (radius) and geographical environment. For the cells to be covered, the
downlink coverage should be guaranteed as a premise. For the cells requiring soft
handover area, this parameter should satisfy the proportion of soft handover areas
stipulated in the network planning. If the maximum transmit power of the PCPICH is
configured too great, the cell capacity will be decreased because a lot of system
resources will be occupied and the interference with the downlink traffic channels
will be increased.

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Recommendation:
PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER is related to the downlink coverage in the network
planning. The default setting is 330, namely 33 dBm. If this parameter is too small, it
will influence directly the downlink pilot coverage range; if it is too big, the downlink
interference will increase, and the transmit power that can be distributed to the
services will be reduced, which will affect the downlink capacity. Meanwhile, the
configuration of this parameter also has influence on the distribution of handover
areas.

CPICH_RSCP is the received signal code power, the received power on one code
measured on the primary CPICH. It is measured by the UE.

UL interference is the UL RTWP measured by the NodeB, including noise


generated in the receiver, within the bandwidth defined by the receiver pulse
shaping filter. It is broadcast in SIB 7.

The CONSTANT VALUE FOR CALCULATING INITIAL TX POWER parameter


compensates for the RACH processing gain. It is broadcast in SIB 5.

Parameter name

Constant value for calculating initial TX power

Parameter ID

CONSTANTVALUE

GUI range

-35-10.

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

-20

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PRACHBASIC/MOD PRACHUUPARAS

Description:
It is used to calculate the transmit power of the first preamble in the random access
process.

Power Ramping for Preamble Retransmission


If no positive or negative acquisition indicator on AICH is received by the UE from the
network after a given period, then the UE shall increase the preamble power by
POWER INCREASE STEP so that the Node-B can detect it, and re-send the preamble.
This ramping up process is characterized below:
z

AICH transmission timing: In order to avoid too many collisions and consider the
processing capability of NodeB, it is specified in 3GPP that a UE shall wait at least
3 or 4 access slots between the transmissions of 2 consecutive preambles,
according to the parameter AICH TRANSMISSION TIMING.

Power increment step: Each time the UE re-transmits a preamble, the transmit
power is increased by POWER INCREASE STEP, compared to the previous
transmitted preamble.
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Maximum number of transmitted preambles: This limitation is defined by MAX


PREAMBLE RETRANSMISSION and MAX PREAMBLE LOOP parameters.
MAX PREAMBLE RETRANSMISSION defines the maximum number of
transmitted preambles allowed within an access cycle, and MAX PREAMBLE
LOOP defines the maximum number of random access preamble cycles. An
access cycle is defined by a number of radio frames on which the PRACH access
(and therefore a preamble ramping cycle) is allowed on specific slot numbers.

Parameter name

AICH transmission timing

Parameter ID

AICHTXTIMING

GUI range

01

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD AICH

Description:
The transmission timing information of an AICH. "0" indicates that there are 7680
chips offset between the access preamble of the PRACH and AICH; "1" indicates
that there are 12800 chips offset between them.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the AICH TRANSMISSION TIMING parameter, the cell
shall be firstly de-activated through DEA CELL.
After the old configuration of AICH is deleted through RMV AICH, a new AICH can be
established through ADD AICH.

Parameter name

Power increase step

Parameter ID

POWERRAMPSTEP

GUI range

18

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PRACHBASIC/MOD PRACHUUPARAS

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Description:
The power increase step of the random access preambles transmitted before the UE
receives the acquisition indicator in the random access process.

Recommendation:
If the value of POWER INCREASE STEP is too big, the access process will be
shortened, but the probability of wasting power will be bigger; if it is too small, the
access process will be lengthened, but transmitting power will be saved. It is a value
to be weighed.

Parameter name

Max preamble retransmission

Parameter ID

PREAMBLERETRANSMAX

GUI range

164

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

20

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PRACHBASIC/MOD PRACHUUPARAS

Description:
The maximum number of preambles transmitted in a preamble ramping cycle.

Recommendation:
The product of the MAX PREAMBLE RETRANSMISSION parameter and the
above-mentioned PRACH POWER INCREASE STEP determines the maximum
ramp power of the UE within a preamble ramp cycle.
If this value is too small, the preamble power may fail to ramp to the required value,
resulting in UE access failure; if it is too big, the UE may repeatedly increase the
power and make access attempts, resulting in interference to other users.

Parameter name

Max preamble loop

Parameter ID

MMAX

GUI range

132

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD RACH/MOD RACH

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Description:
The maximum number of random access preamble loops.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the MAX PREAMBLE LOOP parameter, if the current
cell is on-going and there is one and only one PRACH in this cell, the cell shall be firstly
de-activated through DEA CELL.

The ramping process stops until the number of transmitted preambles has reached the
MAX PREAMBLE RETRANSMISSION within an access cycle, or when the maximum
number of access cycles MAX PREAMBLE LOOP is reached.
When a negative acquisition indicator on AICH is received by the UE, which indicates
rejection of the preamble, the UE shall wait for a certain back-off delay and re-initiate a
new random access process. Two parameters RANDOM BACK-OFF LOWER LIMIT
and RANDOM BACK-OFF UPPER LIMIT are defined respectively as the lower and
upper bounds of the random access back-off delay.
Parameter name

Random back-off lower limit

Parameter ID

NB01MIN

GUI range

050

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD RACH/MOD RACH

Description:
The lower limit of random access back-off delay.

Parameter name

Random back-off upper limit

Parameter ID

NB01MAX

GUI range

050

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD RACH/MOD RACH


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Description:
The upper limit of random access back-off delay.

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


RANDOM BACK-OFF LOWER LIMIT shall not be set bigger than RANDOM
BACK-OFF UPPER LIMIT.
If RANDOM BACK-OFF LOWER LIMIT = RANDOM BACK-OFF UPPER LIMIT, it
means that the retransmission periodicity of preamble part is fixed.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the RANDOM BACK-OFF LOWER LIMIT or RANDOM
BACK-OFF UPPER LIMIT parameter, if the current cell is on-going and there is one
and only one PRACH in this cell, the cell shall be firstly de-activated through DEA
CELL.

Power Setting for Message Part


When the UE has received a positive acquisition indicator on AICH, it will transmit the
random access message using three or four uplink access slots after the uplink access
slot of the last transmitted preamble, depending on the AICH transmission timing
parameter. This message is made up of a control part and a data part:
z

Control part: The transmit power of the control part of the random access message
should be POWER OFFSET higher than the power of the last transmitted
preamble.
Parameter name

Power offset

Parameter ID

POWEROFFSETPPM

GUI range

-510

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

Values according to PRACH TFC

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD PRACHTFC

Description:
The power offset between the last access preamble and the message control part.
The power of the message control part can be obtained by adding the offset to the
access preamble power.

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Configuration Rule and Restriction:


POWER OFFSET must be set for each instance of PRACH TFC.

Recommendation:
It is recommended that the value of POWER OFFSET corresponding to the TFC for
signaling transmission is set to -3 dB, and that corresponding to the TFC for service
transmission is set to -2 dB.
If the value of POWER OFFSET is set too low, it is likely that the signaling or the
service data carried over the RACH can not be correctly received, which affects the
uplink coverage. If the value is set too high, the uplink interference is increased, and
the uplink capacity is affected.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the POWER OFFSET parameter, if the current cell is
on-going and there is one and only one PRACH in this cell, the cell shall be firstly
de-activated through DEA CELL.

Data part: The message part of the uplink PRACH channel employs gain factors to
control the control/data part:

a)

GAIN FACTOR BETAC (c) is the gain factor for the control part.

b)

GAIN FACTOR BETAD (d) is the gain factor for the data part.

Parameter name

Gain Factor BetaC

Parameter ID

GAINFACTORBETAC

GUI range

115

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

None

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD PRACHTFC

Description:
The power occupancy factor of the control part.

Parameter name

Gain Factor BetaD

Parameter ID

GAINFACTORBETAD

GUI range

115

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Physical range& unit

None

Default value

None

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PRACHTFC

Description:
The power occupancy factor of the data part.

PRACH CTFC

POWER OFFSET

GAIN FACTOR
BETAC

GAIN FACTOR
BETAD

-3

13

15

-2

10

15

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


Either Gain Factor BetaC or Gain Factor BetaD must be set to 15 for each
instance of power difference between control and data part of PRACH.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the GAIN FACTOR BETAC or GAIN FACTOR BETAD
parameter, if the current cell is on-going and there is one and only one PRACH in this
cell, the cell shall be firstly de-activated through DEA CELL.

2)

Uplink Open-Loop Power Control on DPCCH

The UL open-loop power control on dedicated channel aims to determine the initial
power of the first uplink DPCCH.
When setting up the first DPCCH, the UE shall start the UL inner loop power control at
a power level and set the initial power of uplink DPCCH with the following formula:
DPCCH_Initial_Power = DPCCH_Power_Offset - CPICH_RSCP
Where:
z

CPICH_RSCP is the received signal code power, the received power on one code
measured on the primary CPICH. It is a measurement performed by the UE.

DPCCH_Power_Offset is provided by the RNC to the UE via RRC signaling in the


Uplink power control info IE or in the Uplink power control info short IE. These
IEs are included in the RRC messages of the radio bearer setup, reconfiguration
and release, transport channel and physical channel reconfiguration, RRC

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connection setup and re-establishment and in the handover to UTRAN command.


For Huawei, DPCCH_Power_Offset is calculated with the following formula:
DPCCH_Power_Offset = PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER + UL interference +
CONSTANT VALUE CONFIGURED BY DEFAULT

Where:
z

The PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER parameter defines the PCPICH transmit power
in a cell.

UL interference is the UL RTWP measured by the NodeB.

The CONSTANT VALUE CONFIGURED BY DEFAULT parameter reflects the


target Ec/No of the uplink DPCCH preamble.
Parameter name

Constant value configured by default

Parameter ID

DEFAULTCONSTANTVALUE

GUI range

-35-10

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

-27

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
This parameter is used by the RNC to compute the DPCCH power offset which is
used by the UE to calculate the initial transmit power of UL DPCCH during the open
loop power control process.

Maximum Allowed UL Transmit Power


The maximum allowed UL transmit power defines the total maximum output power
allowed for the UE and depends on the desired type of service. The information will be
transmitted on the FACH, mapped on the S-CCPCH, to the UE in the RADIO BEARER
SETUP message of the RRC protocol during the call setup.
For Huawei, the MAX ALLOWED UE UL TX POWER parameter is the maximum
transmit power of the PRACH channel when the UE tries to access to the specified cell.
Parameter name

Max allowed UE UL TX power

Parameter ID

MAXALLOWEDULTXPOWER

GUI range

-5033

Physical range& unit

dBm

Default value

24

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

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ADD CELLSELRESEL; MOD


CELLSELRESEL

MML command
Description:

The maximum allowed uplink power transmitted on RACH of a UE in the cell, which
is related to the network planning.

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


If the value of MAX ALLOWED UE UL TX POWER is higher than the UE capability,
the maximum transmission power is of course limited by the UE capability.
The transmission power on the PRACH for preamble part and message part cannot
be higher than the MAX ALLOWED UE UL TX POWER parameter.

In addition, there are four parameters (MAX UL TX POWER OF CONVERSATIONAL


SERVICE, MAX UL TX POWER OF STREAMING SERVICE, MAX UL TX POWER
OF INTERACTIVE SERVICE and MAX UL TX POWER OF BACKGROUND
SERVICE) which correspond to the maximum allowed transmit power of four classes of
services: conversational, streaming, interactive and background respectively.
Parameter name

Max UL TX power of conversational service

Parameter ID

MAXULTXPOWERFORCONV

GUI range

-5033

Physical range& unit

dBm

Default value

24

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC; MOD CELLCAC

Description:
The maximum UL transmit power for conversational service in a specific cell. It is
based on the UL coverage requirement of the conversational service designed by
the network planning.

Parameter name

Max UL TX power of streaming service

Parameter ID

MAXULTXPOWERFORSTR

GUI range

-5033

Physical range& unit

dBm

Default value

24

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC; MOD CELLCAC

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Description:
The maximum UL transmit power for streaming service in a specific cell. It is based
on the UL coverage requirement of the streaming service designed by the network
planning.

Parameter name

Max UL TX power of interactive service

Parameter ID

MAXULTXPOWERFORINT

GUI range

-5033

Physical range& unit

dBm

Default value

24

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC; MOD CELLCAC

Description:
The maximum UL transmit power for interactive service in a specific cell. It is based
on the UL coverage requirement of the interactive service designed by the network
planning.

Parameter name

Max UL TX power of background service

Parameter ID

MAXULTXPOWERFORBAC

GUI range

-5033

Physical range& unit

dBm

Default value

24

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC; MOD CELLCAC

Description:
The maximum UL transmit power for background service in a specific cell. It is based
on the UL coverage requirement of the background service designed by the network
planning.

Recommendation:
The above four parameters define the maximum uplink transmit power when
transmitting the services in a cell.
The bigger these parameters are, the wider the coverage of the corresponding
services will be. When the downlink coverage is exceeded, the uplink coverage and
downlink coverage of the service will become unbalanced. If these parameters are
too small, the uplink coverage will probably be smaller than the downlink coverage of
the service. If there is no special requirement, use the default value.

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Rate Matching
The purposes of rate matching are as follows:
z

To enable a CCTrCH to multiplex data bits from multiple traffic sub-flows, the
system matches traffic rates to physical channel rates.

To meet the different QoS requirements of various services, the system adjusts
the coding redundancy degree of each channel.
It is equivalent to changing the bit energy (Eb) of each channel and balancing the
power among different channels. This method improves power usage and reduces
interference. The higher the service QoS requirement is, the higher the
corresponding RMA value. According to the RMA value of each traffic channel, the
rate matching mechanism repeats more bits of the services with higher QoS
requirements. Comparatively, it repeats less, even deletes some bits of the
services with lower QoS requirement. Thus, it meets different QoS requirements
through adjusting the bit redundancy degree of each transport channel.

Parameter name

UL rate matching attribute

Parameter ID

ULRATEMATCHINGATTR

GUI range

1256

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Values according to SRB and RAB

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory
ADD TYPSRBSEMISTATICTF/
MOD TYPSRBSEMISTATICTF/

MML command

ADD TYPRABSEMISTATICTF/
MOD TYPRABSEMISTATICTF/

Description:
Rate matching attribute (RMA) is a semi-static parameter provided by the upper
layer for each traffic channel according to QoS. It represents the weight of
processing (repeating or deleting) data bits on the corresponding transport channel
during rate matching. This parameter is valid in the case of multiplexing of transport
channel, that is, when multiple transport channels are combined into a CCTrCH. It is
used to compare with the RMA values of other multiplexing transport channels.

Parameter name

DL rate matching attribute

Parameter ID

DLRATEMATCHINGATTR

GUI range

1256

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Values according to SRB and RAB


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Mandatory

Optional / Mandatory

ADD TYPSRBSEMISTATICTF/
MOD TYPSRBSEMISTATICTF/

MML command

ADD TYPRABSEMISTATICTF/
MOD TYPRABSEMISTATICTF/

Description:
Rate matching attribute (RMA) is a semi-static parameter provided by the upper
layer for each traffic channel according to QoS. It represents the weight of
processing (repeating or deleting) data bits on the corresponding transport channel
during rate matching. This parameter is valid in the case of multiplexing of transport
channel, that is, when multiple transport channels are combined into a CCTrCH. It is
used to compare with the RMA values of other multiplexing transport channels.

Rate matching attribute parameters are defined per RAB in the following table:
ULRATEMATCHI
NGATTR

Typical Services

DLRATEMATCHI
NGATTR

CS Domain RAB
12.2bps AMR

137:130:161

137:130:161

64kbps Conversational / Unknown

110

110

56kbps Conversational / Unknown

100

100

32kbps Conversational / Unknown

100

100

28.8kbps Conversational / Unknown

100

100

57.6kbps Streaming

100

100

PS Domain RAB
64kbps Conversational / Unknown

100

100

32kbps Conversational / Unknown

100

100

16kbps Conversational / Unknown

120

120

8kbps Conversational / Unknown

140

140

256kbps Streaming

100

100

144kbps Streaming

100

100

128kbps Streaming

100

100

64kbps Streaming

100

100

32kbps Streaming

100

100

16kbps Streaming

120

120

8kbps Streaming

140

140

384kbps Background

100

100

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256kbps Background

100

100

144kbps Background

100

100

128kbps Background

100

100

64kbps Background

100

100

32kbps Background

100

100

16kbps Background

120

120

8 kbps Background

140

140

384kbps Interactive

100

100

256kbps Interactive

100

100

144kbps Interactive

100

100

128kbps Interactive

100

100

64kbps Interactive

100

100

32kbps Interactive

100

100

16kbps Interactive

120

120

8 kbps Interactive

140

140

Signaling RB
3.4kbps SRB

180

180

13.6kbps SRB

180

180

Power Difference Between DPCCH And DPDCH


The uplink DPCCH and DPDCH(s) are transmitted on different codes. In order to meet
a given QoS requirement on the transport channels whatever the transport format they
use, various power differences between DPDCH and DPCCH are defined through gain
factors, called c for DPCCH and d for DPDCH.
There are two ways of controlling the gain factors of the DPCCH code and the DPDCH
codes for different TFCs in normal (non-compressed) frames:
c and d are signalled for the TFC, or
c and d is computed for the TFC, based on the signalled settings for a reference
TFC.
3GPP allows combinations of these two methods to be used to associate c and d
values with all TFCs in the TFCS. These two methods are described in subsections
5.1.2.5.2 and 5.1.2.5.3 respectively of TS25.214. Several reference TFCs may be
signaled from higher layers.
For Huawei, a mix of these techniques is effectively applied, which requires the RNC to
compute and signal all TFC offsets when required. The RNC computes a new power
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offset for each required TFC dynamically using a single set of configurable reference
values (corresponding to parameters Reference BetaC and Reference BetaD) stored
for each pre-defined RABs or SRBs. This computed TFC specific offset is then signaled
to the UE.
Parameter name

Reference BetaC

Parameter ID

BETAC

GUI range

115

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Values according to SRB and RAB

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBBASIC/MOD TYPSRB/ADD


TYPRABBASIC/MOD TYPRAB

Description:
Power occupation ratio of the control part of reference TFC.

Parameter name

Reference BetaD

Parameter ID

BETAD

GUI range

115

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

Values according to SRB and RAB

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBBASIC/MOD TYPSRB/ADD


TYPRABBASIC/ MOD TYPRAB

Description:
Power occupation ratio of the data part of reference TFC.

UL reference power offset parameters (c,ref and d,ref) are defined in the following table:

c,ref : d,ref

Typical Services
CS Domain RAB
12.2bps AMR

12:15

64kbps Conversational / Unknown

6:15

56kbps Conversational / Unknown

6:15

32kbps Conversational / Unknown

9:15

28.8kbps Conversational / Unknown

13:15

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57.6kbps Streaming

7:15
PS Domain RAB

64kbps Conversational / Unknown

7:15

32kbps Conversational / Unknown

9:15

16kbps Conversational / Unknown

14:15

8kbps Conversational / Unknown

15:11

256kbps Streaming

4:15

144kbps Streaming

5:15

128kbps Streaming

5:15

64kbps Streaming

7:15

32kbps Streaming

9:15

16kbps Streaming

14:15

8kbps Streaming

15:11

384kbps Background

4:15

256kbps Background

4:15

144kbps Background

5:15

128kbps Background

5:15

64kbps Background

7:15

32kbps Background

9:15

16kbps Background

14:15

8 kbps Background

15:11

384kbps Interactive

4:15

256kbps Interactive

4:15

144kbps Interactive

5:15

128kbps Interactive

5:15

64kbps Interactive

7:15

32kbps Interactive

9:15

16kbps Interactive

14:15

8 kbps Interactive

15:11
Signaling RB

3.4kbps SRB

15:12

13.6kbps SRB

12:15

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Configuration Rule and Restriction:


Either Reference BetaC or Reference BetaD must be set to 15 for each instance of
UL reference power offset.

The gain factors (c and d) are computed for certain TFCs, based on the settings for a
reference TFC with the formula defined in subsection 5.1.2.5.3 of TS25.214.
In Huawei implementation, in the case of RAB combination, the radio bearer specific
reference values to be used are those belonging to the radio bearer whose maximum
rate TF has the highest bit rate of the radio bearers being combined. For example, for
the combination of the 3.4 kbps SRB service, 384 kbps background service, and 12.2
kbps AMR service, the reference power offset values applied are those belonging to the
maximum rate TF (12x336) of 384 kbps background radio bearer.
First Radio Link Establishment
When commanded by higher layers, the TPC commands sent on a downlink radio link
from NodeBs that have not yet achieved uplink synchronization will follow a pattern as
follows:
If the radio link is part of the first radio link set sent to the UE and if the value "n"
obtained from the parameter DL POWER CONTROL MODE 1 is different from 0, then:
z

The TPC pattern shall consist of n instances of the pair of TPC commands ("0",
"1"), followed by one instance of TPC command "1", where ("0","1") indicates the
TPC commands to be transmitted in two consecutive slots.

The TPC pattern continuously repeat but shall be forcibly re-started at the
beginning of each frame where CFN mod 4 = 0.

In addition,
z

The TPC pattern shall consist of only TPC commands "1".

The TPC pattern shall terminate when uplink synchronization is achieved.


Parameter name

DL power control mode 1

Parameter ID

DLTPCPATTERN01COUNT

GUI range

030

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

10

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLSETUP/MOD CELLSETUP

Description:
DL transmit power control (TPC) mode of the first radio link set before completion of
UL synchronization.

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Caution:
In order to change the value of the DL POWER CONTROL MODE 1 parameter
through MOD CELLSETUP, the cell shall be firstly de-activated through DEA CELL.

Transmit Power Control in the UL DPCCH Power Control Preamble


An uplink DPCCH Power Control Preamble (PC Preamble) is a period of uplink
DPCCH transmission prior to the start of the uplink DPDCH transmission in order to
ensure that the inner loop power control has converged when the transmission of the
data bits begins. It consists of a given number of DPCCH slots transmitted prior to the
data transmission on DPDCH. The RNC transmits the PC Preamble parameter
(number of DPCCH preamble slots) in the Uplink DPCH power control info IE using
the RRC signaling.
In addition to the PC Preamble delay, the mobile will not send any data on signaling
radio bearers during the number of frames indicated in the SRB delay IE, sent through
RRC signaling in the Uplink DPCH power control info IE.
Considering the application scenarios, different values for PC Preamble and SRB delay
parameters are configured.
z

In the case of RRC connection establishment, PC Preamble and SRB delay are
respectively defined by parameters RRC PROC DPDCH PC PREAMBLE
LENGTH and RRC PROC SRB DELAY.

In the case of hard handover, PC Preamble and SRB delay are respectively
defined by parameters HHO PROC DPDCH PC PREAMBLE LENGTH and HHO
PROC SRB DELAY.
Parameter name

RRC Proc DPDCH PC preamble length

Parameter ID

RRCPROCPCPREAMBLE

GUI range

07

Physical range& unit

Frame

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC/MOD CELLCAC

Description:
DPDCH power control preamble length in DCH RRC process.

Parameter name

RRC Proc SRB delay

Parameter ID

RRCPROCSRBDELAY
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GUI range

07

Physical range& unit

Frame

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC/MOD CELLCAC

Description:
Delay of SRB in DCH RRC process.

Parameter name

HHO Proc DPDCH PC preamble length

Parameter ID

HHOPROCPCPREAMBLE

GUI range

07

Physical range& unit

Frame

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC/MOD CELLCAC

Description:
DPDCH power control preamble length in DCH HHO process.

Parameter name

HHO Proc SRB delay

Parameter ID

HHOPROCSRBDELAY

GUI range

07

Physical range& unit

Frame.

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLCAC/MOD CELLCAC

Description:
Delay of SRB in DCH HHO process.

Inner loop power control is thus applied on the DPCCH only, in a first time, starting from
the initial DPCCH transmit power determined by the open loop power control process.
Then, once PC Preamble DPCCH slots have been transmitted and SRB delay slots
passed, data starts to be transmitted on the DPDCH at an initial transmit power
deduced from the current DPCCH transmit power and DPDCH/DPCCH power
difference (using c and d gain factors).
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II. Downlink Open-Loop Power Control


1)

Downlink Open-Loop Power Control on Common Channel

For the common channels, DL open-loop power control is to determine how much
power is allocated to the PCPICH, P-SCH, S-SCH, P-CCPCH, S-CCPCH, AICH, and
PICH channels.
As mentioned previously, the P-CPICH power is defined by the PCPICH TRANSMIT
POWER parameter as an absolute value in dBm. The power of all other common
channels is defined in relation with the PCPICH TRANSMIT POWER parameter.
The following tables describe which parameter is used to determine the power for each
common channel:
Parameter name

PSCH transmit power

Parameter ID

PSCHPOWER

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515, step: 0.1 (dB)

Default value

-50

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PSCH/MOD CELL

Description:
The offset of the PSCH transmit power from the PCPICH transmit power in a cell.

Parameter name

SSCH transmit power

Parameter ID

SSCHPOWER

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515, step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

-50

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD SSCH/MOD CELL

Description:
The offset of the SSCH transmit power from the PCPICH transmit power in a cell

Recommendation:

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These two parameters (PSCH TRANSMIT POWER and SSCH TRANSMIT


POWER) can be adjusted through measurement in the actual environment so that
the transmit powers of the synchronization channels just satisfy the UE receiving
demodulation requirement. Specifically, when UEs receive signals at different
locations within the range of the cell, the transmit power should be just enough to
ensure that the UE can implement fast synchronization in most areas at the verge of
the cell. Neither P-SCH nor S-SCH has come through channel code spectrum
spread, so they produce more serious interference than other channels do,
especially for nearend users. Therefore, the value should not be too big.

Parameter name

BCH transmit power

Parameter ID

BCHPOWER

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515, step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

-20

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD BCH/MOD CELL

Description:
The offset of the BCH transmit power from the PCPICH transmit power in a cell.

Recommendation:
The BCH TRANSMIT POWER parameter can be adjusted and optimized through
measurement in the actual environment. When UEs receive signals at different
locations within the range of the cell, the transmit power should be just enough to
ensure the correct demodulation of the information carried on the channel in most
areas at the verge of the cell. This setting of this parameter should not be too big, so
as to avoid unnecessary waste of the transmit power.
If the setting of this parameter is too small, the user at the verge of the cell will fail to
receive the system information correctly, and the downlink common channel
coverage will be influenced, which will affect cell coverage; if the setting is too big,
other channels will be interfered, the power resources will be occupied, and
consequently the cell capacity will be influenced.

Parameter name

Max transmit power of FACH

Parameter ID

MAXFACHPOWER

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515, step: 0.1(dB)

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Default value

10

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD FACH/MOD SCCPCH

Description:
The offset between the FACH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power in a cell.

Recommendation:
Set the maximum FACH transmit power to an appropriate value that is just enough
to ensure the target BLER.
If the setting of this parameter is too small, the UE at the cell verge will fail to receive
correctly the services and signaling borne over the FACH, resulting in influence on
the downlink common channel coverage and the cell coverage; if it is too big, other
channels will be interfered, the power resources will be occupied, and consequently
the cell capacity will be influenced.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the MAX TRANSMIT POWER OF FACH parameter if
the current cell is on-going and there is one and only one SCCPCH in this cell, or in
order to change the configuration of the SCCPCH with the smaller SCCPCH ID when
there are two SCCPCHs in this cell, the cell shall be firstly de-activated through DEA
CELL.

Parameter name

PCH power

Parameter ID

PCHPOWER

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515, step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

-20

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD PCH/MOD SCCPCH

Description:
The offset between the PCH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power in a cell.

Recommendation:

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The default value of the PCH POWER parameter is -20, namely -2 dB.
If this parameter is too small, the UE at the cell verge will fail to receive paging
messages correctly, and this will influence downlink common channel coverage and
cell coverage; if it is too big, other channels will be interfered, the downlink transmit
power will be occupied, and consequently the cell capacity will be influenced.

Parameter name

AICH power offset

Parameter ID

AICHPOWEROFFSET

GUI range

-225

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

-6

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CHPWROFFSET/MOD
AICHPWROFFSET

Description:
The difference between the transmit power of AICH and that of PCPICH.

Recommendation:
The default value of the AICH POWER OFFSET parameter is -6, namely -6 dB.
An appropriate transmit power value should be set for AICH to ensure that all users
at cell verge can receive the access indication. However, to avoid waste of the
power, the setting of the transmit power should not be too big.

Parameter name

PICH power offset

Parameter ID

PICHPOWEROFFSET

GUI range

-105

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

-7

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CHPWROFFSET/MOD
PICHPWROFFSET

Description:
The difference between the transmit power of PICH and that of PCPICH.

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Recommendation:
The default value of the PICH POWER OFFSET parameter is -7, namely -7 dB.
If this parameter is too small, the UE at the cell verge will fail to receive paging
messages correctly, which will probably result in misoperation in reading PCH
channel and waste of the UE battery and affect the downlink common channel
coverage and the cell coverage; if it is too big, other channels will be interfered, the
power resources will be occupied, and consequently the cell capacity will be
influenced.

2)

Downlink Open-Loop Power Control on Dedicated Channel (DPDCH)

The aim of the DL open-loop power control on DPDCH is to determine the transmit
power of the traffic (dedicated) channel based on the downlink measurement report of
the UE. Both UE and UTRAN shall take part in downlink open-loop power control on the
DPDCH, as shown in Figure 10-11.

DCH

RACH reports the measured value

Measure CPICH Ec/N0


Determine the downlink initial power control

Figure 10-11 Downlink open-loop power control on the DPDCH


The following gives a formula to calculate the initial power of the DPDCH when a traffic
(dedicated) channel is set up:

Pinitial

R
Eb
CPICH
=
( ) DL
PTotal
W N0
Ec

( ) CPICH

N0

Where:
z

R is the requested data bit rate by the user.

W is the chip rate.

(Eb / N 0) DL is the Eb/No target to ensure the service quality. In Huawei


implementation, RNC searches for a value of Eb/No target dynamically using a set
of pre-defined values corresponding to the specific cell environment type, code

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type, coding rate and BLER target. For detailed information, refer to the Load
Control.
z

(Ec/N0)CPICH is the ratio of received energy per chip to noise spectral density of
CPICH received by UE.

is the orthogonality factor in the downlink. In the WCDMA system, orthogonal


codes are employed in the downlink to separate the users, and without any
multi-path propagation on the orthogonality remains when the Node B signal is
received by the mobile station. However, if there is sufficient delay spread in the
radio channel, part of the base station signals will be regarded as multiple access
interference by the mobile station. The orthogonality of 1 corresponds to perfectly
orthogonal users.

Note:
z

In Huawei implementation, in the above formula is set to 0.

Ptotal is the carrier power measured at the NodeB and reported to the RNC.

Radio Link Reconfiguration Power Setting


When reconfiguring a radio link, the new physical channel may not have the same
power as the previous one (because of different SF, and so on). It is not specified,
however, in 3GPP protocol that the RNC can send a new initial power for the new
configuration in the RADIO_LINK_RECONFIGURATION_PREPARE message, which
provides the NodeBs with the new physical/transport channel configuration.
Thus, the NodeB will adjust the downlink power through the process of inner-loop
power control.
Initial Power Setting In Soft Handover
In order to prevent a waste of downlink power while adding a new leg in the active set,
a new adjustment for power of the new leg is used. Based on the above calculation as
used for the initial power of the DPDCH when a traffic (dedicated) channel is set up, the
power required by a new leg introduced in the active set shall be decreased by an offset,
which is defined by the INITIAL POWER OFFSET FOR SHO parameter.
Parameter name

Initial power offset for SHO

Parameter ID

SHOINITPWRPO

GUI range

025

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

15

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

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MML command

ADD CELLCAC/MOD CELLCAC

Description:
Initial DL power offset for a new added RL in SRNC.

Upper and Lower Limits of DL DPDCH Power


The downlink dedicated traffic channel is limited by an upper and lower limit for each
radio link. This limitation is set through the RL MAX DL TX POWER and RL MIN DL TX
POWER parameters. Both parameters are provided a value for the different data rate of
radio access bearers. So they correspond to a set of values rather than a single value.
Parameter name

RL Max DL TX power

Parameter ID

RLMAXDLPWR

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515; step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

Values according to data rate of RABs

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD CELLRLPWR/MOD CELLRLPWR

Description:
The maximum downlink transmit power of radio link. This parameter should fulfill the
coverage requirement of the network planning, and the value is relative to PCPICH
transmit power.

Parameter name

RL Min DL TX power

Parameter ID

RLMINDLPWR

GUI range

-350150

Physical range& unit

-3515; step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

Values according to data rate of RABs

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD CELLRLPWR/MOD CELLRLPWR

Description:
The minimum downlink transmit power of radio link. This parameter should consider
the maximum downlink transmit power and the dynamic range of power control, and
the value is relative to PCPICH transmit power.

Configuration Rule and Restriction:

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The parameters RL MAX DL TX POWER and RL MIN DL TX POWER must verify


the following relationship:
RL MIN DL TX POWER RL MAX DL TX POWER

Typical Services

RL MAX DL TX POWER

RL MIN DL TX POWER

CS Domain RAB
12.2bps

-30

-180

28.8kbps

-20

-170

32kbps

-20

-170

57.6kbps

-10

-160

64kbps

30

-120
PS Domain RAB

384kbps

40

-110

256kbps

20

-170

144kbps

-150

128kbps

-150

64kbps

-20

-170

32kbps

-40

-190

16kbps

-60

-210

8kbps

-80

-230

Power Difference between DPCCH and DPDCH


For the downlink DPCH, the relative transmit power offset between DPCCH fields and
DPDCHs is determined by the network. The TFCI, TPC and pilot fields of the DPCCH
are offsets related to the power of DPDCHs by PO1, PO2, and PO3 dB respectively.
The power offsets PO1, PO2 and PO3 are defined by the TFCI POWER OFFSET, TPC
POWER OFFSET, and PILOT POWER OFFSET parameters respectively.
These power offsets cannot be reconfigured during the connection. These offsets are
radio link specific, which are identical for all TFC in the TFCS, whereas for the uplink
the gain factors are TFC-dependent.
Parameter name

TFCI power offset

Parameter ID

TFCIPO

GUI range

024

Physical range& unit

06; step: 0.25(dB)

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Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
The offset of TFCI bit transmit power from data bit transmit power in each time slot of
radio frames on DL DPCH.

Parameter name

TPC power offset

Parameter ID

TPCPO

GUI range

024

Physical range& unit

06; step: 0.25(dB)

Default value

12

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
The offset of TPC bit transmit power from data bit transmit power in each time slot of
radio frames on DL DPCH.

Parameter name

Pilot power offset

Parameter ID

PILOTPO

GUI range

024

Physical range& unit

06; step: 0.25(dB)

Default value

12

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
The offset of pilot bit transmit power from data bit transmit power in each time slot of
radio frames on DL DPCH.

The downlink transmit power control procedure controls simultaneously the power of a
DPCCH and its corresponding DPDCHs. The power control loop adjusts the power of
the DPCCH and DPDCHs with the same amount, that is to say, the relative power
difference between the DPCCH and the DPDCHs is not changed.

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10.6.3 Inner-Loop Power Control


Inner-loop power control is also called fast closed-loop power control. It controls the
transmit power according to the information returned from the peer physical layer. The
UE and the NodeB can adjust the transmit power according to the RX SIR of the peer
end, to compensate the fading of radio links.
Inner-loop power control consists of uplink inner-loop power control and downlink
inner-loop power control, and they work separately.

I. Uplink Inner-Loop Power Control


Uplink inner-loop power control is used to control the power of the uplink radio links. In
fact, uplink inner-loop power control is executed on the DPCCH, and related DPDCH
transmit

power

is

calculated

from

DPCCH

transmit

power

according

to

DPDCH/DPCCH power ratio (d /c). For details, refer to 10.6.2 Open-Loop Power
Control.
The RNC sends the SIR target to the NodeB and then the NodeB compares the
estimated SIR with the SIR target of uplink DPCCH pilot symbol once every timeslot.
z

If the estimated SIR is greater than the SIR target, the NodeB sends a TPC
command down to the UE on the downlink DPCCH TPC field.

Otherwise, the NodeB sends a TPC command "Up".

Note:
z

The "Up" command means TPC = 1 and the "Down" command means TPC = 0.

For the SIR = RSCP / ISCP * SF ,

The Received Signal Code Power (RSCP) is unbiased measurement of the


received power on one code.

The Interference Signal Code Power (ISCP) is the interference on the received
signal, and SF=the spreading factor used on the DPCCH.

SIR estimation and


compare with SIR target

TPC

1500 Hz

SIR target

NodeB

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Figure 10-12 Uplink inner-loop power control


The following describes the uplink inner-loop power control:
Single Radio Link
It means that the UE will receive only one TPC in each slot. The NodeB will estimate
the SIR value and sends TPC to the UE according to the comparison between SIR
target and SIR estimated result.
If the estimated SIR is greater than the SIR target, the NodeB sends a TPC command
down to the UE on the downlink DPCCH TPC field. Otherwise, the NodeB sends a
TPC command up, where the up command means TPC = 1 and the down
command means TPC = 0.
When the UE receives the TPC, UE will adjust uplink transmit power according to the
Power Control Algorithm (PCA).
There are two types of inner-loop PCA algorithm: PCA1 and PCA2. The RNC
configures the PCA algorithm based on the POWER CONTROL ALGORITHM
SELECTION parameter.
Parameter name

Power control algorithm selection

Parameter ID

PWRCTRLALG

GUI range

ALGORITHM1, ALGORITHM2.

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

ALGORITHM1

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
This parameter is used to inform the UE of the method for translating the received
Transmit Power Control (TPC) commands. In other words, it is used to select UL
power control algorithm.

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


Huawei sets the POWER CONTROL ALGORITHM SELECTION parameter to
algorithm1 as default value for all power control configurations

PCA1: UE adjusts uplink transmit power for each slot; the step of PCA1 should be 1dB
or 2dB by UL CLOSED LOOP POWER CONTROL STEP SIZE parameter.
Parameter name

UL closed loop power control step size

Parameter ID

ULTPCSTEPSIZE

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GUI range

12

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
The step size of the closed loop power control performed on UL DPCCH. This
parameter is mandatory when the parameter [Power control algorithm selection] is
set as "ALGORITHM1".

The following table lists the TPC command corresponding to the specific TPC at PCA1
algorithm:
TPC

TPC_cmd

-1

PCA2: The UE adjusts the uplink transmit power for each 5-slot cycle and the step is
1 dB fixedly.
The following table lists the TPC command corresponding to the specific TPC at PCA2
algorithm:
TPC

TPC_cmd

0,0,0,0,0

0,0,0,0,-1

1,1,1,1,1

0,0,0,0,1

Else

0,0,0,0,0

Softer Handover
It means that the UE will receive more than one TPC in each slot, but all the TPCs are
the same from each cell which belongs to one NodeB.
The UE will combine the DL TPC by Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC) algorithm.
Therefore, other processing is the same as that in scenario1 (single radio link).

Soft handover
It means that the UE will receive more than one TPC in each slot, and all the TPCs
come from different NodeBs.

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On the NodeB side, there are two phases to process power control during the soft
handover procedure:
z

Uplink synchronization phase:


The NodeB should send durative TPC=1 to newly-added radio link before
successful synchronization.

Multi-radio link phase:


Each NodeB and each cell will estimate the SIR individually and the general
TPC individually. Therefore, the UE may receive different TPC from different
RLS.

On the UE side, the UE will receive different TPCs from different RLS at the same time.
Therefore, the UE should combine all the TPCs which come from different NodeBs to
get TPC commands and adjust uplink transmit power according to the combined TPC
commands.
There is different UE TPC combination algorithm for PCA1 and PCA2.
z

In case of PCA1

First, the UE shall conduct a soft symbol decision Wi on each of the power control
commands TPCi, where i = 1, 2, , N (N is greater than 1 and is the number of TPC
commands from radio links of different radio link sets.) That may be the result of a first
phase of combination.
Finally, the UE derives a combined TPC command, TPC_cmd, as a function of all the
N soft symbol decisions Wi:
- TPC_cmd = (W1, W2, WN), where TPC_cmd can take the values 1 or -1.
The function shall fulfill the following criteria:
If the N TPCi commands are random and uncorrelated, with equal probability of being
transmitted as "0" or "1", the probability that the output of is equal to 1 shall be greater
than or equal to 1/(2N), and the probability that the output of is equal to -1 shall be
greater than or equal to 0.5. Further, the output of shall equal 1 if the TPC commands
from all the radio link sets are reliably 1, and the output of shall equal -1 if a TPC
command from any of the radio link sets is reliably 0.
Then, after deriving a combined TPC_cmd, the UE will adjust uplink transmit power as
pre-defined power step which is configured by the RNC.
z

In case of PCA2

The UE shall make a hard decision on the value of each TPCi, where i = 1, 2, , N (N is
the number of TPC commands from radio links of different radio link sets.) That may be
the result of a first phase of combination.

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The UE shall follow this procedure for 5 consecutive slots, resulting in N hard decisions
for each of the 5 slots. The sets of 5 slots shall be aligned to the frame boundaries and
there shall be no overlap between each set of 5 slots.
The value of TPC_cmd is zero for the first 4 slots. After 5 slots have elapsed, the UE
shall determine the value of TPC_cmd for the fifth slot in the following way:
The UE first determines one temporary TPC command, TPC_tempi, for each of the N
sets of 5 TPC commands as follows:
- If all 5 hard decisions within a set are "1", TPC_tempi = 1.
- If all 5 hard decisions within a set are "0", TPC_tempi = -1.
- Otherwise, TPC_tempi = 0.
Finally, the UE derives a combined TPC command for the fifth slot, TPC_cmd, as a
function of all N temporary power control commands TPC_tempi:
TPC_cmd (5th slot) = (TPC_temp1, TPC_temp2, , TPC_tempN), where TPC_cmd
(5th slot) can take the values 1, 0 or 1, and is given by the following definition:
TPC_cmd is set to -1 if any of TPC_temp1 to TPC_tempN are equal to -1.

1
Otherwise, TPC_cmd is set to 1 if N

TPC _ temp

i =1

> 0.5

Otherwise, TPC_cmd is set to 0.


Then, after deriving a combined TPC_cmd, the UE will adjust uplink transmit power as
1dB step.

II. Downlink Inner-Loop Power Control


Downlink inner-loop power control is used to control the power of the downlink DPCH.
The UE receives the SIR target from higher layers, estimates the downlink SIR from the
pilot symbols of the downlink DPCH, and compares this estimated SIR with the SIR
target.
z

If the estimated SIR is greater than the SIR target, the UE sends a TPC command
"down" to the NodeB.

Otherwise, the UE sends a TPC command up.

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TPC

SIR estimation and


compare with SIR target

1500 Hz
SIR target
UE

NodeB

Figure 10-13 Downlink inner-loop power control


The following describes the downlink inner-loop power control:
Single Radio Link
The downlink power control can be classified into two modes.
The UE shall check the downlink power control mode (DPC_MODE) before the TPC
command is generated:
z

If DPC_MODE = 0,
The UE sends a unique TPC command in each slot and the TPC command
generated is transmitted in the first available TPC field in the uplink DPCCH.

If DPC_MODE = 1,
The UE repeats the same TPC command over 3 slots and the new TPC command
is transmitted such that there is a new command at the beginning of the frame.

The DPC_MODE parameter is a UE-specific parameter controlled by the UTRAN. The


DPC mode can be set by the DL POWER CONTROL MODE parameter.
Parameter name

DL power control mode

Parameter ID

DPCMODE

GUI range

SINGLE_TPC, TPC_TRIPLET_IN_SOFT,
TPC_AUTO_ADJUST.

Physical range& unit

None

Default value

SINGLE_TPC

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

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Description:
SIGNLE_TPC, a fast power control mode, indicates that a unique TPC command is
sent in each time slot on DPCCH. TPC_TRIPLET_IN_SOFT, a slow power control
mode, indicates that the same TPC command is sent in three time slots, it is
applicable to soft handover and it can decrease the power deviation.
TPC_AUTO_ADJUST, an automatically adjusted mode, indicates that the value of
DPC_MODE can be modified by sending the message "ACTIVE SET UPDATE" to
UE.

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


Huawei sets the DL POWER CONTROL MODE parameter to singel_TPC as
default value for all power control configurations

Upon receiving the TPC commands, the UTRAN shall adjust its downlink
DPCCH/DPDCH power accordingly.
z

If DPC_MODE = 0, the UTRAN shall estimate the transmitted TPC command


TPCest to be 0 or 1, and shall update the power every slot.

If DPC_MODE = 1, the UTRAN shall estimate the transmitted TPC command


TPCest over three slots to be 0 or 1, and shall update the power every three slots.

After estimating the k:th TPC command, the UTRAN shall adjust the current downlink
power P(k-1) [dB] to a new power P(k) [dB] according to the following formula:
P(k) = P(k - 1) + PTPC(k) + Pbal(k)
Where:
z
z

PTPC(k) is the k:th power adjustment due to the inner loop power control.
Pbal(k) [dB] is a correction according to the downlink power control procedure for
balancing radio link powers towards a common reference power. For a single
radio link, Pbal equals 0.

PTPC(k) is calculated according to the following:


If the value of Limited Power Increase Used parameter is 'Not used', then,

+
PTPC (k ) = TPC
TPC

if TPCest (k ) = 1
if TPC est (k ) = 0

, [dB]

The limited power increase used parameter could be set by the parameter of
INNER_LOOP_DL_LMTED_PWR_INC_SWITCH.
Parameter name

Power control algorithm switch

Parameter ID

INNER_LOOP_DL_LMTED_PWR_INC_SWIT
CH

GUI range

1(ON), 0(OFF)

Physical range& unit

None

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Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET CORRMALGOSWITCH

Description:
When it is checked, limited power increase algorithm is applied in the inner loop
power control.

If the value of limited power increase used parameter is 'Used', then, the k:th
inner loop power adjustment shall be calculated through the following formula:
+ TPC

PTPC (k ) = 0

TPC

if TPC est (k ) = 1 and sum (k ) + TPC < Power_Raise_Limit


if TPC est (k ) = 1 and sum (k ) + TPC Power_Raise_Limit
if TPC est (k ) = 0

, [dB]

The Power_Raise_Limit can be set by the POWER INCREASE LIMIT parameter.


Parameter name

Power increase limit

Parameter ID

POWERRAISELIMIT

GUI range

010

Physical range& unit

dB

Default value

10

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLSETUP/MOD CELLSETUP

Description:
The increase of DL transmit power within DlPowerAverageWindowSize cannot
exceed this parameter value.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the POWER INCREASE LIMIT parameter through
MOD CELLSETUP, the cell shall be firstly de-activated through DEA CELL.

Where:

sum

k 1

(k ) =
i = k DL_Power_A

(i)

TPC
veraging_W
indow_Size

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is the temporary sum of the last DL_Power_Averaging_Window_Size inner loop power


adjustments (in dB). DL_Power_Averaging_Window_Size can be set by the DL
POWER WINDOW AVERAGE SIZE parameter.
Parameter name

DL power window average size

Parameter ID

DLPOWERAVERAGEWINDOWSIZE

GUI range

160

Physical range& unit

slot.

Default value

20

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

ADD CELLSETUP/MOD CELLSETUP

Description:
Content: UTRAN calculates the increase of DL transmit power within the period
defined via this parameter to determine whether the increase exceeds
PowerRaiseLimit. If so, UTRAN will not increase the power even when it receives
the command to raise the power.

Caution:
In order to change the value of the DL POWER WINDOW AVERAGE SIZE parameter
through MOD CELLSETUP, the cell shall be firstly de-activated through DEA CELL.

The power control step size TPC can be any of the four values of 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 dB
and be set by the FDD DL POWER CONTROL STEP parameter.
Parameter name

FDD DL power control step size

Parameter ID

FDDTPCDLSTEPSIZE

GUI range

STEPSIZE_0.5DB, STEPSIZE_1DB,
STEPSIZE_1.5DB, STEPSIZE_2DB.

Physical range& unit

0.5, 1, 1.5, 2(dB)

Default value

STEPSIZE_1DB

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET FRC

Description:
Content: The step size of the closed loop power control performed on DL DPCH in
Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) mode.

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Scenario Softer Handover


In the case of softer handover, the NodeB gets one TPC after MRC combination. Then
the downlink power procedure is the same as that in single radio link.
Soft Handover
For details about the soft handover, refer to the description in the subsection 10.6.5
Downlink Power Balance.

10.6.4 Outer-Loop Power Control


The aim of outer-loop power control is to maintain the communication quality at the
level required by the service bearer through adjustment of the SIR target. This control
acts on each DCH belonging to the same RRC connection.
The SIR target needs to be adjusted when the UE speed or the multi-path propagation
environment changes, so that the communication quality can maintain the same. If a
fixed SIR target is selected, the resulting quality of the communication might be too low
or too high, which may cause an unnecessary power rise in most situations.

I. Uplink Outer-Loop Power Control


The uplink quality is observed after macro diversity selection combining in the RNC.
Therefore, uplink outer-loop power control is performed in the SRNC.
The SRNC compares the RX BLER with the BLER target. If the RX BLER is greater
than the BLER target, the SRNC increases the SIR target; otherwise, decreases.
After adjusting the SIR target, the SRNC sends the new SIR target through FP frames
to all NodeBs for uplink inner loop power control.
BLER
measurement
and comparing

BLER target
settting

SIR measurement
and comparing

Outer loop

Inner loop

SIR target settting

Sent TPC

UE

RNC
NodeB

Figure 10-14 Uplink outer-loop power control procedure


The uplink outer-loop power control for all UEs can be deactivated by OLPC_SWITCH;
or by setting SIR ADJUSTMENT STEP to zero to deactivate uplink outer loop power
control for different services.

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Parameter name

Power control algorithm switch

Parameter ID

OLPC_SWITCH

GUI range

0, 1.

Physical range& unit

OFF, ON (NONE)

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET CORRMALGOSWITCH

Description:
When it is ON, RNC will update the uplink SIR TARGET of RLs on the NODEB side
by IUB DCH FP signals.

Initial SIR Target Setting


The initial SIR target value is provided by the RNC to the NodeB through the SIR INIT
TARGET VALUE parameter which is service-dependent. This value is transmitted to
the NodeB using NBAP signaling at each RADIO LINK SETUP or RADIO LINK
RECONFIGURATION PREPARE.
Parameter name

SIR init target value

Parameter ID

INITSIRTARGET

GUI range

0255

Physical range& unit

-8.217.3; step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD TYPSRBOLPC/


ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD TYPRABOLPC

Description:
This parameter defines the initial SIR target value of Outer Loop Power Control
algorithm. Value 0 corresponds to -8.2 dB, value 10 to -7.2 dB, and value 255 to 17.3
dB.

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


For the same SRB or TRB, SIR INIT TARGET VALUE, MAXIMUM SIR TARGET
and MINIMUM SIR TARGET must verify the following relationship:
MINIMUM SIR TARGET SIR INIT TARGET VALUE MAXIMUM SIR TARGET

SIR Target Adjustment

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The outer-loop power control adjusts SIR target through a OLPC ADJUSTMENT
PERIOD parameter as follows:

SIRtar(n)MAX [ SIRtar ( n 1) +

BLERmeas ((n 1), i ) BLERtar (i )


* Step (i ) * factor ]
BLERtar (i )

In the above formula, meanings of the parameters are as follows:


z

i is the ith transmission channel.

n is the nth adjustment period.

SIRtar(n) is the SIR target used by the nth adjustment period which could be set by
parameter OLPC ADJUSTMENT PERIOD.

MAX is the maximum value in the total i transmission channels.


ErrTb(ni)
BLER meas (n, i )
Tb(ni) measured for the
BLERmeas(n,i) is the instantaneous
ith transmission channel in the nth adjustment period.
- Tb(n,i) is the number of error blocks in the TBs received from the ith transmission
channel in the nth adjustment period.
- ErrTb(n,i) is the number of error blocks indicated by the CRCI in the Tb(n,i) that
is received from the ith transmission channel.

BLERtar(i) is the BLER target of the ith transmission channel, which could be set
by parameter SERVICE DCH_BLER TARGET VALUE.

Step(i) is the adjustment step of the ith transmission channel, which could be set
by parameter SIR ADJUSTMENT STEP.

factor is the adjustment factor which could be set by parameter SIR


ADJUSTMENT COEFFICIENT.

Parameter name

OLPC adjustment period

Parameter ID

SIRADJUSTPERIOD

GUI range

1100

Physical range& unit

101000, step: 10(ms)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD TYPSRBOLPC/


ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD TYPRABOLPC

Description:
Outer Loop Power Control varies with radio environment. A fast changing radio
environment leads to a shorter Outer Loop Power Control adjustment period, while a
slower changing one makes the period longer.

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Parameter name

SIR measurement filter coefficient

Parameter ID

SIRMEASFILTERCOEF

GUI range

D0, D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8, D9, D11,
D13, D15, D17, D19.

Physical range& unit

0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17,


19(NONE)

Default value

D0

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET OLPC

Description:
The filter coefficient used for SIR measurement.

Parameter name

SIR adjustment coefficient

Parameter ID

SIRADJUSTFACTOR

GUI range

110

Physical range& unit

0.11; step: 0.1(NONE)

Default value

10

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET OLPC/ADD CELLOLPC/MOD


CELLOLPC

Description:
It is used to adjust the best OLPC step when the OLPC algorithm is given.

Parameter name

BLER target value

Parameter ID

BLERQUALITY

GUI range

-630

Physical range& unit

5*10^(-7) 1(NONE)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD
TYPSRBOLPC/ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD
TYPRABOLPC

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Description:
If signalling is carried over DCH, this parameter indicates the target transmission
quality of DCH, that is, DCH BLER target value at the radio interface. This parameter
is related to QoS and is used by the CRNC to determine the SIR target for admission
and power management. Use the formula below to get the parameter integer value:
10*Log10(BLER).

Configuration Rule and Restriction:


If the BLER TARGET VALUE parameter changes, the SIR ADJUSTMENT STEP
parameter should modify synchronously. For the same SRB or TRB, if the default
value of BLER TARGET VALUE and SIR ADJUSTMENT STEP are BLERquality1
and SirAdjustStep1, after change, the value of BLER TARGET VALUE and SIR
ADJUSTMENT STEP are BLERquality2 and SirAdjustStep2,
BLERquality1, SirAdjustStep1, BLERquality2, SirAdjustStep2 must verify the
following relationship:
(1-BLERquality1)
*
SirAdjustStep1/BLERquality1
SirAdjustStep2/BLERquality2

(1-BLERquality2)

Parameter name

SIR adjustment step

Parameter ID

SIRADJUSTSTEP

GUI range

010000

Physical range& unit

010, step: 0.001(dB)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD TYPSRBOLPC/


ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD TYPRABOLPC

Description:
Adjustment step of SIR target used by the outer loop power control algorithm.

The principles to adjust SIR target in case of multi-services are described as follows:
z

The maximum value of SIR target among multiple services is used for the SIR
target adjustment.

If one of the services requires increasing the SIR target, the maximum value is
used for the adjustment in the increase.

Only when all the services require reducing the SIR target, the maximum value is
used for the adjustment in the decrease.

SIR target adjustment limitation

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The service-dependent parameters MAXIMUM SIR INCREASE STEP and Maximum


SIR decrease step limit the changes to the SIR target during any adjustment. Compute
the quantity SIRtar = SIRtar(n+1) SIRtar(n):
z

If ( SIRtar > 0 ) AND (SIRtar > MAXIMUM SIR INCREASE STEP)


Then SIRtar(n+1) = SIRtar(n) + MAXIMUM SIR INCREASE STEP

If ( SIRtar < 0 ) AND (ABS(SIRtar) > MAXSIRSTEPDOWN)


Then SIRtar(n+1) = SIRtar(n) MAXSIRSTEPDOWN

Parameter name

Maximum SIR increase step

Parameter ID

MAXSIRSTEPUP

GUI range

010000

Physical range& unit

010, step: 0.001(dB)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD TYPRABOLPC

Description:
Maximum allowed SIR step-up within an Outer Loop Power Control adjustment
period.

Parameter name

Maximum SIR decrease step

Parameter ID

MAXSIRSTEPDN

GUI range

010000

Physical range& unit

010, step: 0.001 (dB)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD
TYPSRBOLPC/ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD
TYPRABOLPC

Description:
Maximum allowed SIR step-down within an Outer Loop Power Control adjustment
period.

SIR target limitation

The service-dependent parameters MAXIMUM SIR TARGET and MINIMUM SIR


TARGET limit the SIR target during any adjustment.
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Parameter name

Maximum SIR target

Parameter ID

MAXSIRTARGET

GUI range

0255

Physical range& unit

-8.217.3; step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD TYPSRBOLPC/


ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD TYPRABOLPC

Description:
This parameter defines the initial SIR target value of Outer Loop Power Control
algorithm. Value 0 corresponds to -8.2 dB, value 10 to -7.2 dB, and value 255 to 17.3
dB.

Parameter name

Minimum SIR target

Parameter ID

MINSIRTARGET

GUI range

0255

Physical range& unit

-8.217.3; step: 0.1(dB)

Default value

Refer to Table 10-3.

Optional / Mandatory

Mandatory

MML command

ADD TYPSRBOLPC/MOD TYPSRBOLPC/


ADD TYPRABOLPC/MOD TYPRABOLPC

Description:
This parameter defines the initial SIR target value of Outer Loop Power Control
algorithm. Value 0 corresponds to -8.2 dB, value 10 to -7.2 dB, and value 255 to 17.3
dB.

Table 10-3 Outer-loop Power Control Parameters on RAB basis

Service

SERVICE
DCH_BL
ER
TARGET
VALUE

SRB 3.4k

-20

102

132

62

400

200

SRB 13.6k

-20

122

132

62

10

500

200

AMR 12.2k

-20

102

132

62

500

200

CSD 64k

-27

122

152

62

1000

100

SIR INIT
TARGET
VALUE

MAXIMUM
SIR
TARGET

MINIMUM
SIR
TARGET

OLPC
ADJUSTM
ENT
PERIOD

SIR
ADJUSTM
ENT STEP

MAXIMUM
SIR
INCREASE
STEP

MAXSIRS
TEPDOWN

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PS I/B 8k

-20

102

132

62

400

200

PS I/B 16k

-20

102

132

62

400

200

PS I/B 32k

-20

102

132

62

400

200

PS I/B 64k

-20

102

132

62

400

200

PS I/B 128k

-20

102

132

62

400

200

PS I/B 144k

-20

107

137

62

400

200

PS I/B 256k

-20

122

152

62

400

200

PS I/B 384k

-20

142

172

62

400

200

Note:
z

CSD: CS data services.

I/B: Interactive and Background.

II. Downlink Outer-Loop Power Control


The downlink outer-loop power control is implemented in the UE. Therefore, this
algorithm is UE-manufacturer specific. The information signaled to the UE by the RNC
is a quality target for each radio bearer, expressed as a BLER target. Then, depending
on the mobile-manufacturer specific outer-loop algorithm, an initial SIR target value
may be deduced from this BLER value and then regularly updated or not.
The BLER target quality is configurable per RAB, defined by SERVICE DCH_BLER
TARGET VALUE in Table 10-3.

10.6.5 Downlink Power Balance


During soft handover, the UL TPC command is demodulated in each RLS and due to
demodulation errors, the DL transmit power of the each branch drift separately, which
causes loss to the macro-diversity gain.
During the softer handover, the difference between the initial transmit power of added
link and existing link may also cause the power drift. The DL Power Balance (DPB)
algorithm is introduced to reduce the power drift between links during the soft handover
and the softer handover.

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RNC

NodeB

NodeB

UE

Figure 10-15 Downlink power balance


The implementation of the DPB algorithm is as follows:
1)

According to measurement control (the measurement parameters includes DPB


MEASUREMENT

REPORT

PERIOD,

DPB

MEASUREMENT

FILTER

COEFFICIENT parameters) from the RNC, the NodeB periodically reports the
TCP (transmit code power) of RL in soft/softer handover.
Parameter name

DPB measurement report period

Parameter ID

RPTPERIOD

GUI range

16000

Physical range& unit

1060000; step: 10(ms)

Default value

70

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
The report period of downlink power measurement.

Parameter name

DPB measurement filter coefficient

Parameter ID

DPBMEASFILTERCOEF

GUI range

D0, D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8, D9, D11,
D13, D15, D17, D19

Physical range& unit

0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17,


19(None)

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Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
The filter coefficient for the measured values in NodeB.

2)

The RNC determines the power difference of RL for UE in softer status, if the
power difference is larger than DPB TRIGGERING THRESHOLD, and then starts
the power balance, if less than DPB STOP THRESHOLD, then stops the power
balancing; for UE in soft status, DPB is always triggered.

Parameter name

DPB triggering threshold

Parameter ID

DPBSTARTTHD

GUI range

0255

Physical range& unit

0127.5; step: 0.5(dB)

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
The threshold of triggering DL power balancing in softer handover. When the
difference of the power values of every two paths is greater than or equal to this
threshold in softer handover, the RNC shall trigger DL power balancing; otherwise,
shall not.

Parameter name

DPB stop threshold

Parameter ID

DPBSTOPTHD

GUI range

0255

Physical range& unit

0127.5; step: 0.5.(dB)

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
The threshold of stopping DL power balancing in softer handover. When the
difference of the power values of every two paths is smaller than or equal to this
threshold in softer handover, the RNC shall stop DL power balancing; otherwise,
shall not.

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3)

Chapter 10 Power Control

After starting power balancing, the RNC calculates the UE DL reference power Pref
and sends the Pref

to the NodeB

by the DOWNLINK POWER CONTROL

REQUEST message:
Pref = (RATIO FOR MAX POWER) / 100 * (Pmax-Pcpich) + (1- RATIO FOR MAX
POWER / 100) * (Pmin - Pcpich)
Where:
z

Pmax is the maximum value in the UE s all RL DL TCP (transmit code power) ;

Pmin is the minimum value in the UE s all RL DL TCP (transmit code power).

The

DOWNLINK

POWER

CONTROL

REQUEST

message

includes

DPB

ADJUSTMENT RATIO, DPB ADJUSTMENT PERIOD, MAX DPB ADJUSTMENT


STEP parameters.

Parameter name

Ratio for max power

Parameter ID

RATIOFORMAXPOWER

GUI range

0100

Physical range& unit

01; step: 0.01(None)

Default value

50

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
The ratio of the maximum power in calculation of reference power for DPB.

Parameter name

DPB adjustment ratio

Parameter ID

ADJUSTRATIO

GUI range

0100

Physical range& unit

01; step: 0.01

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
The adjustment ratio for DPB.

Parameter name

DPB adjustment period

Parameter ID

ADJUSTPERIOD
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GUI range

1256

Physical range& unit

frame

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
DPB adjustment period.

Parameter name

Max DPB adjustment step

Parameter ID

MAXADJUSTSTEP

GUI range

110

Physical range& unit

slot

Default value

Optional / Mandatory

Optional

MML command

SET DPB

Description:
During downlink power adjustment, the maximum adjustment step should not
exceed 1dB within the slots specified by this parameter.

4)

The NodeB calculates the power on each radio link according to the following rule:
P(i) = P(i-1) + PTPC(i) + Pbal(i)

Where:
z

P(i) is TCP of slot i and P(i-1) is TCP of slot i-1.

PTPC(i) is the result of inner-loop power control.

Pbal is a corrective term introduced by power balance.

In one DPB ADJUSTMENT PERIOD, the total correction Pbal is defined as:

bal

= (1 r )( Pref + PP CPICH Pinit )

Where, r is DPB ADJUSTMENT RATIO and Pinit is the current DL DPDCH power.

10.7 Capabilities
None.

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10.8 Implementation
10.8.1 Enabling Power Control
This feature does not need extra hardware or initialization. It takes effect automatically.
For the network planning or optimization, the data can be adjusted on the RNC LMT as
required.

10.8.2 Reconfiguring Power Control Parameters


I. Parameter Reconfiguration on the RNC Side
Table 10-4 describes the commands used for the reconfiguration on the RNC side.
Table 10-4 Commands for the reconfiguration on the RNC side
Function
About the
RNC-oriented OLPC
algorithm parameters

About the
cell-oriented OLPC
algorithm parameters

About the DPB


algorithm parameters

About the
RNC-oriented FRC
algorithm parameters

About the
connection-oriented
algorithm switches
About the PRACH
parameters over UU
interface

Command

To query the RNC-oriented


OLPC algorithm parameters

LST OLPC

To set the RNC-oriented


OLPC algorithm parameters

SET OLPC

To add the cell-oriented OLPC


algorithm parameters

ADD CELLOLPC

To modify the cell-oriented


OLPC algorithm parameters

MOD CELLOLPC

To remove the cell-oriented


OLPC algorithm parameters

RMV CELLOLPC

To query the DPB algorithm


parameters

LST DPB

To set the DPB algorithm


parameters

SET DPB

To query the RNC-oriented


FRC algorithm parameters

LST FRC

To set the RNC-oriented FRC


algorithm parameters

SET FRC

To query the
connection-oriented algorithm
switches

LST
CORRMALGOSWITCH

To set the connection-oriented


algorithm switches

SET
CORRMALGOSWITCH

To modify the PRACH


parameters over UU interface

MOD PRACHUUPARAS

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II. Parameter Reconfiguration on the NodeB Side


None.

III. Examples
1)

Example 1

Task: Enable the uplink outer-loop power control switch and downlink power
balancing switch.

Command:
SET CORRMALGOSWITCH:
PCSWITCH=OLPC_SWITCH-1&DOWNLINK_POWER_BALANCE_SWITCH-1;

2)

Example 2

Task: Modify the TFCIPO, TPCPO, and PILOTPO of the downlink DPCCH to 3 dB,
4 dB, and 5 dB respectively.

Command:
SET FRC: TFCIPO=12, TPCPO=16, PILOTPO=20;

3)

Example 3

Task: Modify the adjust factor of uplink SIR to 5.

Command:
SET OLPC: SIRADJUSTFACTOR=5;

10.8.3 Disabling Power Control


The power control is a basic feature. Therefore, it can only be adjusted instead of being
disabled.

10.9 Maintenance Information


10.9.1 Alarms
None.

10.9.2 Counters
None.

10.10 References
z

3GPP, 25.211 Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto


physical channels (FDD)

3GPP, 25.214 "Physical layer procedures (FDD)"

3GPP, 25.331 "RRC Protocol Specification"


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3GPP, 25.433 UTRAN Iub interface NodeB Application Part (NBAP) signaling

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