Comparison ASME B31.1, B31.3 and B31.8

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Comparison ASME B31.1, B31.3 and B31.8

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8

ASME B31.1 (2008)

Power piping: typically found in electric power

generating stations, in heating and cooling

systems

Process piping: typically found in petroleum

refineries, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile and

paper plants

to and including first block valve for boilers where:

piping systems pressure above 0 and less 105

steam or vapor is generated over 100 kPa

kPa nonflammable, nontoxic and not

damaging to human tissues

high temperature water over 1103 kPa and/or

temperatures of 120 Celsius

power boilers covered in BPV code and

external piping covered in B31.1

Excluding: fatigue due to pressure cycling

tubes, tube headers, crossovers and manifolds

of fired heaters

thermal cycling

Gas transportation and distribution systems:

piping transporting products, predominantly gas

Exclusions:

or over 232.22 Celsius (450 F)

gas treating plants

pressures

wellhead assemblies

transportation, carbon dioxide and liquefied

natural gas piping systems

Allowable stress:

Allowable stress:

Allowable stress:

below 160% of allowable stress

Appendix 1 except for cast iron and ductile

iron

shear to remain below 80%, bearing to remain

below 160% of allowable stress

conforming 323.1.2) can not be used

derating factor in table 841.116A

not be used for pressure containing components

not be used for pressure containing components

radiography and material

radiography and material

radiography and material

Nickel and design temperature

Factor W: weld strength reduction factor

Factor f: stress range factor

Factor F: design factor

Factor T: temperature derating factor, compensate

material allowable stress values for temperature,

Table 841.166A

104.1.4 (in creep)):

factor

E = quality factor

t = wall thickness

841.116A

y = coefficient table 104.1.2A

A = additional thickness to compensate threading,

W = Weld strength reduction factor when in creep

range, is 1 outside creep range (table 102.4.7)

Bend under internal pressure (102.4.5):

For cold bends the deflection of longitudinal axis

and the radius is limited according table in

paragraph 841.231

pipe under internal pressure where I for intrados is: pipe under internal pressure where I for intrados is: Hot bends are to be designed and manufactured

according ASME B16.49, the internal pressure

rating shall not be less than that which is calculated

for straight seamless pipe and the intrados wall

thickness should be:

and at sidewall I = 1.0,

and at sidewall I = 1.0,

R = radius of pipe bend

R = radius of pipe bend

Elbows under internal pressure (102.4.5):

Elbows manufactured according standards listed in Elbows manufactured according standards listed in No specific design rules are listed for fabricated

Table 126.1 are suitable for use at the pressureTable 326.1 are suitable for use at the pressureelbows

temperature ratings specified by such standards.

temperature ratings specified by such standards.

(Does this mean or allow that an elbow can be

Elbows not according above standards or for which Elbows not according above standards or for which calculated according a bend with uniform thickness?

design formulas and not given in the code shall be design formulas and not given in the code shall be Refer B31.3)

based on calculations consistent with the design

based on calculations consistent with the design

criteria of this code. These calculations shall be

criteria of this code. These calculations shall be

substantiated by one or more of the means stated substantiated by one or more of the means stated

in A B C or D of 104.7.2 (Does this mean or allow in A B C or D of 304.7.2, or the elbow can be

that an elbow can be calculated according a bend calculated according the Bend calculation, refer

with uniform thickness? Refer B31.3)

304.2.2.

Miter bends under internal pressure (104.3.3):

pressure shall be the lesser of (t = T - c):

minimum yield strength miter bends are not

permitted. Deflections caused by misalignment up to

3 deg are not considered as miters.

and

of each miter shall not exceed 12.5 deg.

or

3. If hoop stress < 10% SMYS the total deflection

angle shall not exceed 90 deg.

pipe

3. Pressure shall be limited to 700 kPa if:

pressure shall calculated as (t = T - c):

and

and thickness is not less than required for straight

pipe

measured at the crotch shall not be less than one

pipe diameter

required with a defined minimum for closely

spaced and widely spaced miter bend

with A:

(T-c) =< 13 mm A = 25

13 < (T-c) =< 22 mm A = 2(T-c)

(T-c) > 22 mm A = 2(T-c)/3 + 30

Reducer under internal pressure (104.6):

considered suitable at the specified pressure

temperature ratings.

considered suitable for use at established

pressure-temperature ratings or corresponding

straight pipe with 87.5% of nominal wall thickness.

B16.9 or MSS Standard Practice and shall have

pressure and temperature ratings based on stresses

for pipe of the same of equivalent material (831.31b)

nominal pipe thickness, the reducers shall be

nominal thickness.

may be designed according closures as per ASME designed the according design philosophy of this

VIII div.1

code substantiated by one of:

in Table 126.1 shall be based on calculation

consistent with this code. Calculations are to be

substantiated by one of:

qualified as unlisted components and shall be

designed and documented substantiated by one

of:

- engineering calculations

- experimental analysis

- experimental analysis

- proof test

- proof test

analysis

analysis

or conical heads are allowed for use under this

code. Such items may be designed in accordance

with ASME VIII div.1 (UG32).

- experimental analysis

- proof test

F):

Required reinforcement area is (Fig. F-5):

with

A is additional thickness for

corrosion and tolerances, tmh from straight pipe

calculation (104.1.2)

reinforcement by header

area

with

Assessment:

branch excess

area

allowable working stress, maximum multiplication

factor is 1.0 (para. 831.4(f))

Assessment:

tr is reinforcement pad thickness

weld area

allowable working stress, maximum multiplication

factor is 1.0 (para. 304.3.3(f3))

If

then assess

Assessment:

If

then assess

of allowable working stress, maximum

multiplication

factor is 1.0

(para.

104.3.1(D.2.3))

(104.3.1(G)):

(304.3.4):

(831.4 ref. App. F):

K = 1.0 when

K = 1.0 when

K = 0.6+(2d)/(3D) when 0.15 < d/D <= 0.60

K=

when

K=

when

reinforcement by header

K = 0.7 when

K = 0.7 when

reinforcement by

reinforcement by header

reinforcement by branch with

header

reinforcement by branch

with

Assessment:

excess branch area

Assessment:

Assessment:

If

then assess

If

then assess

(104.3.1(D)):

(304.3.3):

ref. App. F):

reinforcement by

reinforcement by header

header, with

reinforcement by branch with

area

reinforcement by branch

Assessment:

with

with

= thickness pad or height of 60 deg angle fitting with

with in reinforcement material

= thickness pad or a height of 0

= area provided by deposited weld metal

= area provided by deposited weld metal and

excess weldolet area in reinforcement

attached reinforcement

zone

Assessment:

Assessment:

Area A2, A3 and A4 to be multiplied by the ratio of

Area A2,A3, A4 and A5 to be multiplied by the ratio allowable working stress, maximum multiplication

of allowable working stress, maximum

factor is 1.0 (para. 304.3.3(f3))

multiplication factor is 1.0 (para. 104.3.1(D.2.3))

Cap under internal pressure (104.4.1(B)):

app.1-4

Can be calculated with ASME VIII div.1 UG-32

app.1-4

allowable working stress, maximum multiplication

factor is 1.0 (para. 831.4(f))

831.373):

Can be calculated with ASME VIII div.1 UG-32

app.1-4

L = radius dish

L = radius dish

r = radius knuckle

L = radius dish

r = radius knuckle

r = radius knuckle

or

or

or

Flat closure under internal pressure

(104.4.1(b)):

(304.4.1(b)):

2 using B31.3 allowable stresses and temperature

limits with:

2 using B31.3 allowable stresses and temperature

limits with:

Allowed to use:

= bolt design stress at atmospheric

temperature

= bolt design stress at atmospheric

temperature

= product SE

= product SEW

Can be calculated with ASME VIII div.1 UG 34

B16.5.

Also MSS SP-44.

For slip-on welding flanges reference is made to

ASME VIII div.1 design.

Can ASME VIII div.1 be used for calculation?

(104.5.2(B)):

(304.5.2(b)):

= sum of allowances

= internal design gauge pressure

= product SE

= product SEW

= pressure design thickness as per ASME VIII

div. 1 UG-34

(304.5.3(B)):

(304.5.3(b)):

= sum of allowances

div. 1 UG-34

= sum of allowances

Can ASME VIII div.1 be used?

= sum of allowances

= inside diameter of gasket

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