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SEG Y 1 1

SEG 2

Release 1.0, 2002.5

2001, Society of Exploration Geophysicist. All rights reserved.

Michael W. Norris Alan K. Faichney

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

1.

........................................................................................................................................ 1

2.

........................................................................................................................................ 1
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.
2.5.

3.

.................................................................................................................. 1
0 1 ......................................................................................1
................................................................................................................................. 1
.......................................................................................................................... 1
................................................................................................................................. 1

SEG Y ..................................................................................................................... 1
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
3.4.
3.5.

.......................................................................................................................... 2
.......................................................................................................................... 2
.......................................................................................................................... 2
...................................................................................................................... 3
................................................................................................................................. 3

4.

............................................................................................................................. 3

5.

......................................................................................................................... 7

6.

.................................................................................................................... 10
6.1.
6.2.
6.3.

7.

...................................................................................................... 11
ENDTEXT ................................................................................................................... 11
........................................................................................................................... 11

................................................................................................................................... 12
7.1.
7.2.

............................................................................................................................... 12
........................................................................................................................... 19

A. SEG Y ................................................................................................19
B. SEG Y .............................................................................................................. 20
C. SEG Y ................................................................................................... 22
D. ...................................................................................................................... 22
D-1. ............................................................................................................................ 23
D-1.1 .................................................................................................................. 23
D-1.2 ........................................................................................................... 25
D-2. ..................................................................................................................... 25
D-2.1 ........................................................................................................... 25
D-2.2 ....................................................................................................... 28
D-3. ................................................................................................... 29
D-3.1 ........................................................................................................... 31
D-3.2 ............................................................................................ 31
D-3.3 .................................................................................................................. 32
D-3.4 3.............................................................................32
D-4. ............................................................................................................ 34
D-4.1 .................................................................................................... 34
D-4.2 .....................................................................................34
D-5. ............................................................................................................................ 34
D-5.1 .................................................................................................................. 34
D-5.2 .................................................................................................... 35
D-6. /.................................................................................................................... 35

ii

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

D-6.1 /.......................................................................................................... 35
D-6.2 /........................................................................................... 36
D-7. ..................................................................................................................... 36
D-7.1 ........................................................................................................... 36
D-7.2 ............................................................................................ 37
E. ...................................................................................................................... 37
F. EBCDIC ASCII ........................................................................................................ 39
G. .......................................................................................................................... 42

1 N M SEG Y ..........................2
2 ........................................................................................................................ 26
3 .................................................................................30

1............................................................................................................................ 4
2........................................................................................................................ 7
3.................................................................................................................................... 12
4SEG Y .................................................................................................................. 20
5 ......................................................................................................................... 23
6 .................................................................................................................. 26
7 .................................................................................................................. 31
8.......................................................................................................................... 32
9 ............................................................................................................ 34
10 .......................................................................................................................... 34
11 /.................................................................................................................. 35
12 .................................................................................................................. 36
13 IBM 3270 1987 4 GA27-2837-9 10 ........................................39

iii

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

2.4.
SEG Y 1 SEG

1.
SEG Y
0 45 1975

SEG Y
0

SEG Y 0 SEG Y
1
SEG Y
SEG
SEG Y

Society of Exploration Geophysicist


P.O. Box 702740
Tulsa, Ok 74170-2740
: SEG
(918) 497-5500
(918) 497-5557
www.seg.org

2.

2.5.
SEG

P.E.S.G.B. Data Management Group


Jill Lewis Bob
Firth Eleanor Jack Jill Holliday Roger
Lott
Frank Brassil

2.1.

EBCDIC

3200 400
240

3200

2.2. 0 1

SEG Y

4 IEEE
1

400 240

3200

EBCDIC ASCII

3. SEG Y
SEG Y 9
800 bpi
1600 bpi 6250 bpi

1975

SEG Y file
seismic reel

2.3.
CDP CMP

SEG Y rev 1

SEG Y

3200

2002.5

400

3200

()

N
3200

()

240

M
240

1 N M SEG Y
1.1.
3.1.
1975 SEG Y
9
SEG Y

9
3480
DD2 3590
/

SEG Y SEG
RODE
SEG Y

SEG Y
CD-ROM

A SEG Y

SEG Y SEG D 2
B SEG Y
RP66 SEG Y

C SEG Y

SEG D 2

3200

240

1975 SEG Y
SEG Y

3.3.
1975 SEG Y
big-endian
IBM

SEG Y
SEG Y
SEG Y

PC

2 4

8 32
IEEE IBM
IEEE bigendian /

3.2.
1 SEG Y
3600
3200 400
0

3.4.
SEG Y

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

SEG Y

SEG
Y

SEGY 1

2 6

SEG Y A

3.5.

/
SEG Y
(CRS)
SEG Y
1
CRS
SEG Y
CRS

4.
3200
40 SEG Y

1975
20

SEG Y 1

109-110
SEG Y
1 SEG Y
35013502SEG Y

1 SEG Y
39

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

1
3200-byte Textual File Header
Cols 1-10 Cols 11-20 Cols 21-30 Cols 31-40 Cols 41-50 Cols 51-60 Cols 61-70 Cols 71-80
123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 1234567890
C 1 CLIENT
C 2 LINE
AREA
C 3 REEL N O
DAY-STAR
C 4 INSTRU MENT: MFG
C 5 DATA T RACES/REC RD
C 6 SAMPLE INTERVAL
SA
C 7 RECORDING FORMAT
FO
C 8 SAMPLE CODE: FLO ATING PT
C 9 GAIN
TYPE: FIXE D
BINS
C10 FILTER S: ALIAS
HZ NOT
C11
: TYPE
NU
C12
PA
TTERN:
C13 SWEEP: START
HZ END
C14 TAPER: START LEN GTH
C15
: OFFSET
MAX
C16
NES: PER G ROUP
S
C17
PA
TTERN:
C18 TRACES SORTED BY : RECORD
C19 AMPLIT UDE RECOV RY: NONE
C20 MAP PR OJECTION
C21
SING:
C21
SING:
C23

C38
C39 SEG Y REV1Error:
C40 END TE XTUAL
ER4,Error:

COMPAN Y

CREW N O
MA
P ID
T OF REEL
YEAR
OBSERV ER
MODEL
SE
RIAL NO
AUXILIARY TRACES/RECORD
CDF FOLD
MPLES/TRACE
BI
TS/IN
BYTES/SAMPPLE
RMAT THIS REEL
ENT SYSTEM
FIXED P T
FIXE
D PT-GAIN
CORREL ATED
RY
FLO
ATING POIN T
OTHE R
CH
HZ
BAND
HZ
SLOPE DB/OCT
MBER/POINT
PO
INT INTERV AL
LENGTH
WID
TH
HZ LEN GTH
M S CHANNEL NO
TY
PE
MS END LE NGTH
MS TYPE
DISTANCE
GROU P INTERVAL
PACING
MFG
MO
DEL
LENGTH
WID
TH
CDP
OTHER
SPHERI CAL DIV
AGC
OTHER
ZONE ID
COORDI NATE UNITS 3

CLIENT
COMPANY
CREW NO
LINE
AREA
MAP ID
REEL NO
DAY-START OF REEL -
YEAR
OBSERVER
INSTRUMENT:MFG : MFG
3

C20

C40 END EBCDIC C40 END TEXTUAL HEADER


4

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

MODEL
SERIAL NO
DATA TRACES/RECORD /
AUXILIARY TRACES/RECORD /
CDF FOLD
CDF
SAMPLE INTERVAL
SAMPLES/TRACE /
BITS/IN /
BYTES/SAMPLE /
RECORDING FORMAT
FORMAT THIS REEL
MEASURMENT SYSTEM
SAMPLE CODE: FLOATING PT :
FIXED PT
FIXED PT-GAIN -
CORRELATED
GAIN TYPE: FIXED :
BINARY
FLOATING POINT
OTHER
FILTERS: ALIAS :
NOTCH
BAND
SLOPE /
SOURCE: TYPE :
NUMBER/POINT /
POINT INTERVAL
PATTERN
LENGTH
WIDTH
SWEEP: START :
END
LENGTH
CHANNEL NO
TYPE
TAPER: START LENGTH :
END LENGTH
TYPE
SPREAD: OFFSET :
MAX DISTANCE

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

GROUP INTERVAL
GEOPHONES: PER GROUP :
SPACING
FREQUENCY
MFG
MODEL
PATTERN:
LENGTH
WIDTH
TRACES SORTED BY: RECORD
CDP CDP
OTHER
AMPLITUDE RECOVERY: NONE :
SPHERICAL DIV
AGC
OTHER
MAP PROJECTION
ZONE ID
COORDINATE UNITES
PROCESSING
SEG Y REV1SEG Y 1
END TEXTUAL HEADER

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

5.
400
SEG Y
2 4
2
400-

3201-3204

3205-3208

3209-3212

3213-32145

32153216Error:
Reference
source not
found

3217-32186

3219-3220

32213222Error:
Reference
source not
found

3223-3224

32253226Error:
Reference
source not
found

3227-

1 = 4 IBM
2 = 4
3 = 2
4 = 4 ()
5 = 4 IEEE
6 =
7 =
8 = 1
CMP

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

400-

3228Error:
Reference
source not
found

3229-3230E
rror:
Reference
source not
found

-1 =
0 =
1 =
2 = CDP
3 =
4 =
5 =
6 =
7 =
8 =
9 =

3231-3232

1 =
2 =
,
N = M-1 (M = 2 to 32,767)

3233-3234

Hz

3235-3236

Hz

3237-3238

ms

3239-3240

1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =

3241-3242

3243-3244

3245-3246

3247-3248

1 =
2 = cos2
3 =

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

400-

3249-3250

1 =
2 =

3251-3252

1 =
2 =

3253-3254

1=
2 =
3 = AGC
4 =

32553256Error:
Reference
source not
found

1=
2 =

3257-3258

1 =
2 =

3259-3260

1 = 337.5 22.5
2 = 22.5 67.5
3 = 67.5 112.5
4 = 112.5 157.5
5 = 157.5 202.5
6 = 202.5 247.5
7 = 247.5 292.5
8 = 292.5 337.5

3261-3500

35013502Error:
Reference
source not
found

SEG Y 16 Q
SEG Y 1.0 010016
SEG Y 0 1975
SEG Y

35033504Error:
Reference
source not
found

1 SEG Y
3217-3218 3221-3222 0
115-116
SEG Y 0 1975
SEG Y

35053506Error:

3200 0
SEG Y -1
9

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

400-

((SEG: EndText))

SEG Y
0 1975 SEG Y
3507-3600

SEG SEG
SEG
SEG Y

6.
3505-3506
SEG Y

3200

SEG Y

SEG Y
1 SEGY 1

- D

SEG

: (EBCDIC 7A16 or ASCII 3A16)


((SEG: Location Data)) ((JJ Example
Seismic: Microseismic Geometry
Definition))

/
"Stanza Definer = Full Company
Name"
/


SP CDP


SEG Y
SEG Y

SEG Y

SEG Y

SEG

6.1.
3200
40 -

C (EBCDIC C316
ASCII 4316)

3200
3200
((SEG:

10

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

EndText)) ( 6.2
3505-3506 ).

("(", EBCDIC 4D16


ASCII 2816) )")", EBCDIC
5D16 or ASCII 2916)

(" ",
EBCDIC 4016 ASCII 2016)
(( SEG: Recording Parameters ))
((seg:RECORDINGPARAMETERS))

(",",
EBCDIC 6B16 ASCII 2C16)

("#",
EBCDIC 7B16 ASCII 2316)

& ("&",
EBCDIC 5016 ASCII 1616)
&


(EBCDIC 0D2516 or ASCII 0D0A16)
6.2. EndText
3505-3506 1 EndText 0
EndText ((SEG: EndText))

3200


SEG Y

SEG Y



Line Name LINENAME.

6.3.

((JJ ESeis: Microseismic Geometry Definition ver 1.0))


Definer name = J and J Example Seismic Ltd.
Line Name Convention = CDA
Line Name = Sample MicroSeismic 1
First Trace In Data Set = 101
Last Trace In Data Set = 1021
First SP In Data Set = 2001
Last SP In Data Set = 6032
((SEG: Coverage Perimeter ver 1.0))
Coverage type =full-fold
Perimeter coordinate type =I,J
Perimeter node number =10
Perimeter node coordinates =334.0000,908.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =654.0000,908.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =654.0000,833.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =900.0000,833.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =900.0000,721.0000

11

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

Perimeter node coordinates =1352.0000,721.0000


Perimeter node coordinates =1352.0000,289.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =802.0000,289.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =802.0000,368.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =334.0000,368.0000
Perimeter node coordinates =334.0000,908.0000
Coverage Perimeter comment =48 fold data
((SEG: Measurement Units ver 1.0))
Data Sample Measurement Unit =Millivolts
Volt conversion =0.001
additional stanzas or blank records to end of 3200-byte Extended Textual Header
((SEG: EndText))
blank records to end of 3200-byte Extended Textual Header
First Trace Header

203 210


SEG

7.
7.1.
SEG Y 2 4
1-180
1975

1975
181-240
SEG Y
181-240
3
240

1-47

SEG Y

5-8

SEG Y 1

9-12Error:
Reference
source not
found

12

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

13-16Erro
r:
Reference
source not
found

17-20

197-202

21-24

CDPCMPCRP

25-28

29-30Erro
r:
Reference
source not
found

-1 =
0 =
1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =
5 =
6 =
7 =
8 =
9 =
10 =
11 =
12 =
13 =-
14 =-
15 = -
16 =-
17 =-
18 =
19 =
20 =
21 =
22 = -
23 N = N 32767

31-32

1 2

33-34

1 2

35-36

:
1 =
2 =

37-40

13

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

41-44

45-48

49-52

53-56

57-60

61-64

65- 68

69-70

41-68
1+10+100+1000+10000

71-72

73-88 181-188
1+10+100+1000 +10000

73-76

- X.

77-80

- Y.

81-84

- X.

85-88

- Y.

89-90

1 =
2 =
3 =
4 = (DMS)
71-72 1DDDMMSS
DDD*104 + MM*102 + SS 71-72 -100
DDDMMSS.ss DDD*106 + MM*104 + SS*102

91-92

// 3255-3256

93-94

// 3255-3256

95-96

97-98

99-100

101-102

103-104

69-70

3255-3256

D-1

D-1
DMS
X Y

14

215216

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

105-106

A 240

107-108

109-110


SEG Y 0
0
0

111-112

113-114

115-116Er
ror:
Reference
source not
found

117-118Er
ror:
Reference
source not
found

(s)

SEG Y C
3503-3504 SEG Y

119-120

1 =
2 =
3 =
4 N =

121-122

(dB)

123-124

(dB)

125-126

1 =
2 =

127-128

(Hz)

129-130

(Hz)

131-132

15

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

133-134

1 =
2 =
3 =
4 =

135-136

137-138

139-140

1 =
2 = cos2
3 =

141-142

(Hz)

143-144

(dB/octave)

145-146

(Hz)

147-148

(dB/octave)

149-150

(Hz)

151-152

(Hz)

153-154

(dB/octave)

155-156

(dB/octave)

157-158

1975 2 4
0 SEG Y 4 2001
20017D1

159-160

UTC

161-162

24

163-164

165-166

167-168

1 =
2 = GMT()
3 =
4 = UTC ()

169-170

2-N(N = 0, 1, , 32767)

171-172

173-174

175-176

16

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

177-178

179-180

1 =
2 =

181-184

(CDP) X 71-72
D-1

185-188

CDP Y 71-72
D-1

189-192

3D in-line SEG Y
inline
3205-3208

193-196

3D cross-line 2124 CDP

197-200

2D
CDP

201-202

197-200

-10

203-204

-1 =
0 =
1 = (Pa)
2 = (v)
3 = (mV)
4 = (A)
5 = (m)
6 = /(m/s)
7 = / 2 (m/s2)
8 = (N)
9 = (W)

205-210

211-212
4 2
10 (Bytes 205-208 * 10**Bytes 209210)

211-212

205-210

-1 =
0 =
1 = (Pa)
2 = (v)
17

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

3 = (mV)
4 = (A)
5 = (m)
6 = / (m/s)
7 = / 2 (m/s2)
8 = (N)
9 = (W)
213-214

/ ID 4368
436820316 2 3 16

215-216

95-114
= 1, +10, +100, +1000, or +10,000.
1

217-218

/Vertical()cross-line inline

-1 to -n =
0 =
1 =
2 = Cross-line
3 = In-line
4 =
5 = Cross-line
6 = In-line
7 =
8 =Cross-line
9 =In-line

219-224

217-218
347.8 3478

225-230

4 2
10 (Bytes 225-228 * 10**Bytes 229-230)

231-232

-1 =
0 =
1 = (J)
2 = (kW)
3 = (Pa)
4 = (Bar)
4 = - (Bar-m)

18

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

240

5 = (N)
6 = (kg)
233-240

big-endian

little-endian
SEG Y 1

EBCDIC ASCII

7.2.
SEG Y

32293230

A. SEG Y
UNIX PC

SEG Y

SEG Y
SEG Y
SEG Y
SEG Y
C
D-ROMMO
3600 SEG Y
3200
400
3200
3505-3506
240

115-116
3225-3226
124 5
4 3

B. SEG Y
SEG Y SEG D 2
SEG Y
128
ASCII
RP66 SEG Y
SEG Y

128

SEG Y
SEG Y

SEG Y 4

19

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

4SEG Y

---

1-4

SEG Y

5-9

()

10 - 15

Edition

16 - 19

10

20 - 29

10

30 - 39

11

40 - 50

12

51 - 62

63 - 68

10

60

69 - 128

API RP66

1
1~9999

1
2 0~9
(
) 4

()

5
0
4,294,967,295 (232-1)

0~9
()
29 0
()

SEG Y
SY1.0
SEG Y 1

0
4,294,967,295 (232-1)
0~9

() 39

POSC

POSC
9801 Westheimer Road, Suite 450
Houston, Texas 77042

10
SEG Y 1
RECORD
RECORD

()

(713)267-5109
www.POSC.org

B 16
1 999()

20

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

(
)

dd-MMM-yyyy
yyyy ( 1996)MMM
(JAN()FEB()MAR()
APR()MAY()JUN()
JUL()AUG()SEP()
OCT()NOV()DEC())
dd 1 31
( 4510)

9
(
3210)

10

(code
3210)

8
ID

C. SEG Y
SEG Y
SEG D 2
SEG Y

SEG Y

SEG RODE
SEG Y SEG Y
( 3200
400
3200
240 )

SEG Y
B SEG Y

128

SEGY
SEG Y (
SEG Y )

SEG Y
3200

SEG Y
SEG Y

SEG
Y SEG Y

SEG Y
3200

SEG Y 3200

CEBCDIC C316ASCII
4316 SEG Y
SEG Y
C39 4
SEG Y

SEG Y

D.
6.1 SEG
SEG Y
SEG

21

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

D-1.
D-1.1
71-90 181-188 CDP
41-70
5

((SEG: Location Data ver 1.0))

Text

CRS
CRS type =

projected
geographic
compound

Projected =
Geographic =
3D

Compound =

CRS name =

Text

Geodetic Datum name =

Text

Prime Meridian name =

Text

PM

PM Greenwich longitude =

Real
Number

Prime Meridian name =


Greenwich

PM Greenwich longitude unit name


=

Text

Prime Meridian name =


Greenwich

Ellipsoid name =

Text

Ellipsoid semi-major axis =

Real
Number

Semi-major axis unit name =

Text

Ellipsoid inverse flattening =

Real
Number

Coordinate System axis 1 name =

Text

1
73-76, 81-84 181-184

22

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

easting()XE
longitude

CS axis 1 orientation =

Text

1 east() north()

Coordinate System axis 2 name =

Text

2
77-80, 85-88 185-188
northing()YN
latitude

CS axis 2 orientation =

Text

2 north() east()

Vertical Datum name =

Text

Coordinate System axis 3 name =

Text

3
41-68
gravity-related height
ellipsoidal height

CS axis 3 orientation =

Text

3 up

89-90

Projection zone name =

Text

Projection method name =

Text

Projection parameter 1 name =

Text

Projection parameter 1 value =

Real
Number

Projection parameter 1 unit name =

Text

Projection parameter 2 name =

Text

Projection parameter 2 value =

Real
Number

Projection parameter 2 unit name =

Text

Projection parameter 7 name =

Text

2SP 6

Projection parameter 7 value =

Real
Number

Projection parameter 7 unit name =

Text

D-1.2
((SEG: Location Data ver 1.0))

23

1SP
2SP

1SP 5

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

CRS type =
CRS name =
Geodetic Datum name =
Ellipsoid name =
Ellipsoid semi-major axis =
Semi-major axis unit name =
Ellipsoid inverse flattening =
Coordinate System axis 1 name =
CS axis 1 orientation =
Coordinate System axis 2 name =
CS axis 2 orientation =
Projection zone name =
Projection method name =

projected
NAD27 / Texas South Central
North American Datum 1927
Clarke 1866
6378206.4
meter
294.9786982
Y
north
X
east
Texas CS27 South Central zone
Lambert Conic Conformal (2SP)

Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection
Projection

latitude of false origin


27.5
DDD.MMSSsss
longitude of false origin
-99
degrees
latitude of first standard parallel
28.23
DDD.MMSSsss
latitude of second standard parallel
30.17
DDD.MMSSsss
easting at false origin
2000000.0
US survey foot
northing at false origin
0.0
US survey foot

parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter
parameter

1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6

name =
value =
unit name
name =
value =
unit name
name =
value =
unit name
name =
value =
unit name
name =
value =
unit name
name =
value =
unit name

D-2.
D-2.1

D-1
UKOOA P6/98 v3.0

I J J
900 I
I J IJ IJ
IJ
EN

24

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5
SEG Y
I J

In-line Cross-lineRow
Column, x yLine
Trace
In-line Cross-line

J
J

(I0,J0)

2
6

((SEG: Bin Grid Definition ver 1.0))

Text

Bin grid name =


Alternate I-Axis description
Alternate J-Axis description
Bin grid origin I coordinate =

Text
Text
Text
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number

I cross-line, X-Axis
J in-line, Y-Axis
I

Bin grid origin J coordinate =


Bin grid origin Easting =

25

J J I
900

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

Bin grid origin Northing =

Real
Number
Real
Number

Scale factor of bin grid =

Scale factor node I coordinate =


Scale factor node J coordinate =
Nominal bin width on I axis =
Nominal bin width on J axis =
Grid bearing of bin grid J axis =

Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number

Grid bearing unit name =

Text

Bin node increment on I axis =

Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number
Real
Number

Bin node increment on J axis =


First check node I coordinate =
First check node J coordinate =
First check node Easting =
First check node Northing =
Second check node I coordinate =
Second check node J coordinate =
Second check node Easting =
Second check node Northing =
Third check node I coordinate =
Third check node J coordinate =

26

I
J

SEG Y rev 1

2002.5

Third check node Easting =


Third check node Northing =

Real
Number
Real
Number

D-2.2
((SEG: Bin Grid Definition ver 1.0))
Bin grid name =
Alternate I-Axis description
Alternate J-Axis description
Bin grid origin I coordinate =
Bin grid origin J coordinate =
Bin grid origin Easting =
Bin grid origin Northing =
Scale factor of bin grid =
Scale factor node I coordinate =
Scale factor node J coordinate =
Nominal bin width on I axis =
Nominal bin width on J axis =
Grid bearing of bin grid J axis =
Grid bearing unit name =
Bin node increment on I axis =
Bin node increment on J axis =
First check node I coordinate =
First check node J coordinate =
First check node Easting =
First check node Northing =
Second check node I coordinate =
Second check node J coordinate =
Second check node Easting =
Second check node Northing =
Third check node I coordinate =
Third check node J coordinate =
Third check node Easting =
Third check node Northing =

Marine X final migrated volume


Cross-line
In-line
1.0
1.0
456781.0
5836723.0
0.99984
1.0
1.0
25.0
12.5
20
degree
1
1
334.0000
235.0000
465602.94
5836624.30
1352.0000
955.0000
492591.98
5836377.16
605.0000
955.0000
475046.03
5842763.36

27

D-3.

UKOOA P6/98

//

D-1

D-2

28

29

D-3.1
//
D-1
7

((SEG: Data Geographic Extent ver


1.0))

Minimum Easting =

Maximum Easting =

Minimum Northing =

Maximum Northing =

Minimum Latitude =

Maximum Latitude =

Minimum Longitude =

Maximum Longitude =

Geographical coordinate unit name =

Minimum I coordinate =

Maximum I coordinate =

Minimum J coordinate =

Maximum J coordinate =

Data Extent comment =

D-3.2
((SEG: Data Geographic Extent ver 1.0))
Minimum Easting =
465966.28
Maximum Easting =
491792.63
Minimum Northing =
5827921.28
Maximum Northing =
5845080.18
Minimum Latitude =
52.4516782
Maximum Latitude =
52.3604359
Minimum Longitude =
2.3209385
Maximum Longitude =
2.5243181
Geographical coordinate unit name = DDD.MMSSsss
Minimum I coordinate =
334.0000
Maximum I coordinate =
1352.0000
Minimum J coordinate =
235.0000

30

Maximum J coordinate =
Data Extent comment =

955.0000
UKOOA P6/98
UKOOA CRS (WGS 84 / UTM
zone 31N) D-1.1
CRS

D-3.3
/
D-1
8

((SEG: Coverage Perimeter ver 1.0))

Coverage type =

D-3

Perimeter coordinate type =

I,J
E,N
I,J,E,N

Perimeter node number =

n
n

Perimeter node coordinates =

2 4

I, J /
n
n+1

Coverage Perimeter comment =

D-3.4
3
((SEG: Coverage Perimeter ver 1.0))
Coverage type =
Perimeter coordinate type =
Perimeter node number =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =

total
I,J,E,N
10
334.0000,955.0000,468680.63,5845080.18
654.0000,955.0000,476196.97,5842344.46
654.0000,875.0000,475855.00,5841404.91
900.0000,875.0000,481633.18,5839301.83
900.0000,768.0000,481175.81,5838045.19
1352.0000,768.0000,491792.63,5834180.98
1352.0000,235.0000,489514.29,5827921.28

31

Perimeter node coordinates =


Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
((SEG: Coverage Perimeter ver 1.0))
Coverage type =
Perimeter coordinate type =
Perimeter node number =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Coverage Perimeter comment =
((SEG: Coverage Perimeter ver 1.0))
Coverage type =
Perimeter coordinate type =
Perimeter node number =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
((SEG: Coverage Perimeter ver 1.0))
Coverage type =
Perimeter coordinate type =
Perimeter node number =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =
Perimeter node coordinates =

802.0000,235.0000,476595.58,5832623.30
802.0000,320.0000,476958.92,5833621.57
334.0000,320.0000,465966.28,5837622.56
334.0000,955.0000,468680.63,5845080.18
full-fold
I,J
10
334.0000,908.0000
654.0000,908.0000
654.0000,833.0000
900.0000,833.0000
900.0000,721.0000
1352.0000,721.0000
1352.0000,289.0000
802.0000,289.0000
802.0000,368.0000
334.0000,368.0000
334.0000,908.0000
48 fold data
null full-fold
E,N
9
482101.92,5835620.00
482874.75,5834820.00
482067.29,5834063.19
481388.11,5833804.99
480572.36,5833902.39
479705.57,5834736.58
479274.40,5835452.12
479633.25,5835707.21
480739.50,5835823.27
482101.92,5835620.00
null fold
I,J,E,N
8
958.0000,579.0000,481730.25,5835329.67
978.0000,552.0000,482084.61,5834841.59
980.0000,512.0000,481960.60,5834354.72
958.0000,481.0000,481311.34,5834178.73
946.0000,468.0000,480973.91,5834128.64
900.0000,498.0000,480021.67,5834874.23
920.0000,522.0000,480594.03,5834985.11
958.0000,582.0000,481743.07,5835364.90
958.0000,579.0000,481730.25,5835329.67
32

D-4.
D-4.1
203-204

((SEG: Data Sample Measurement


Unit ver 1.0))

Data Sample Measurement Unit =

60

Volt conversion =

D-4.2
((SEG: Data Sample Measurement Unit ver 1.0))
Data Sample Measurement Unit =
Volt conversion =

Millivolts
0.001

D-5.

D-5.1
10

((SEG: Processing History ver 1.0))

Processing Company =

60

Processing Software =

60

Input Data Set =

60

Processing Date =

60

Process Applied =

60

Process Parameters =

60

D-5.2
33

((SEG: Processing History ver 1.0))


Processing Company =
Processing Software =
Input Data Set =
Processing Date =
Processing Applied =
Process Parameters =
Processing Company =
Processing Software =
Input Data Set =
Processing Date =
Processing Applied =
Process Parameters =
Processing Company =
Processing Software =
Input Data Set =
Processing Date =
Processing Applied =
Process Parameters =

Expert Processing Inc.


Omega
$ADBigDo_FieldSeq463
20010519-231643
SEG-D edit
MP factor applied
Expert Processing Inc.
Omega
$ADBigDo_FieldSeq463
20010519-231643
Trace select/sort
Data traces, Common Rcv Sort
Expert Processing Inc.
Omega
$ADBigDo_FieldSeq463_Edit
20010520-115959
Predictive deconvolution
Surface consistent, 130 ms, 3 windows

D-6. /
D-6.1 /
217-218
217-218

/
11 /

((SEG: Source Type/Orientation ver


1.0))

Source description =

60

Source description (continued 1) =

60

Source description (continued 2) =

60

Source type identifier =

217-218

D-6.2 /

34

((SEG: Source Type/Orientation ver 1.0))


Source Description =
Inclined Impactor
Source description (continued) =
80-45 -45 incident angle
Source description (continued) =
Source type identifier =
-6
((SEG: Source Type/Orientation ver 1.0))
Source Description =
Inclined Impactor
Source description (continued) =
100-135-135 incident angle
Source description (continued) =
Source type identifier =
-7
((SEG: Source Type/Orientation ver 1.0))
Source
Source
Source
Source

Description =
description (continued) =
description (continued) =
type identifier =

Mini-shallow water air gun


182 ci at 10,000 psi
-8

D-7.
D-7.1
231-232

12

((SEG: Source Measurement Unit


ver 1.0))

Source Measurement Unit =

60

Joule conversion =

D-7.2
((SEG: Source Measurement Unit ver 1.0))
Source Measurement Unit =
Joule conversion =

Vibrators * sweep length in seconds


0.0

E.

35

1 ---- 4 IBM

C6

C5

C4

C3

C2

C1

C0

Q-1

Q-2

Q-3

Q-4

Q-5

Q-6

Q-7

Q-8

Q-9

Q-10

Q-11

Q-12

Q-13

Q-14

Q-15

Q-16

Q-17

Q-18

Q-19

Q-20

Q-21

Q-22

Q-23

S =----1=
C = 64 ---- 16 64 16(ccccccc-64)
CCCCCCC 0 127
Q1-23 = ----- 23
(Q-1)MSB 2-1 1 - 2-23 -1 + 2-23

4 7
= S.QQQQ,QQQQ,QQQQ,QQQQ,QQQQ,QQQ x 16(ccccccc-64)
2 ----- 4

I30

I29

I28

I27

I26

I25

I24

I22

I22

I21

I20

I19

I18

I17

I16

I15

I14

I13

I12

I11

I10

I9

I8

I7

I6

I5

I4

I3

I2

I1

I0

= S (I30*230 + I29*229 + + I1*21 + I0*20)


3 ---- 2-

I14

I13

I12

I11

I10

I9

I8

I7

I6

I5

I4

I3

I2

I1

I0

= S (I14*214 + I13*213 + + I1*21 + I0*20)


4 ---- 32

G7

G6

G5

G4

G3

G2

G1

G0

36

I14

I13

I12

I11

I10

I9

I8

I7

I6

I5

I4

I3

I2

I1

I0

= S (I14*214 + I13*213 + + I1*21 + I0*20) * 2GGGGGGGG


5 ---- 4 IEEE
IEEE IEEE ANSI/IEEE Std 754 - l985IEEE

C7

C6

C5

C4

C3

C2

C1

C0

Q-1

Q-2

Q-3

Q-4

Q-5

Q-6

Q-7

Q-8

Q-9

Q-10

Q-11

Q-12

Q-13

Q-14

Q-15

Q-16

Q-17

Q-18

Q-19

Q-20

Q-21

Q-22

Q-23
( 1)

(v)
if e = 255 & f = 0. .v = NaN
if e = 255 & f = 0. .v = (-1)s *
if 0 < e < 255. . . .v = (-1)s *2e-127 *(1.f)
if e = 0 & f 0. . .v = (-1)s *2e-126 *(0.f)
if e = 0 & f = O. . .v = (-1)s *0

( 2)

e = C ()
f = Q ()

1. 4 7 0058
8058
2. NaN
8 ---- 1

I6

I5

I4

I3

I2

I1

I0

= S (I6*26 + I5*25 + + I1*21 + I0*20)

F. EBCDIC ASCII
13 IBM 3270 1987 4 GA27-2837-9 10

37

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

NU

x00

x00

(nul)

IN

x24

x84

(ind)

SH

x01

x01

(soh)

LF

x25

x0A

(lf)

SX

x02

x02

(stx)

EB

x26

x17

(etb)

EX

x03

x03

(etx)

EC

x27

x1B

(esc)

ST

x04

x9C

(st)

HS

x28

x88

(hts)

HT

x05

x09

(ht)

HJ

x29

x89

(htj)

SA

x06

x86

(ssa)

VS

x2A

x8A

(vts)

DT

x07

7F

(del)

PD

x2B

x8B

EG

x08

x97

(epa)

Partial line forward


(pld)

RI

x09

x8D

(ri)

PU

x2C

x8C

Partial line backward


(plu)

S2
VT

x0A
x0B

x8E
x0B

Single-shift two (ss2)


(vt)

EQ

x2D

x05

(enq)

FF

x0C

x0C

(ff)

AK

x2E

x06

(ack)

CR

x0D

x0D

(cr)

BL

x2F

x07

(bel)

SO

x0E

x0E

(so)

DC

x30

x90

(dcs)

SI

x0F

x0F

(si)

P1

x31

x91

1 (pu1)

DL

x10

x10

(dle)

SY

x32

x16

(syn)

D1

x11

x11

1 (dc1)

TS

x33

x93

(sts)

D2

x12

x12

2 (dc2)

CC

x34

x94

(cch)

D3

x13

x13

3 (dc3)

MW

x35

x95

(mw)

OC

x14

x9D

(osc)

SG

x36

x96

(spa)

NL

x15

x85

(nel)

ET

x37

x04

(eot)

BS

x16

x08

(bs)

ES

x17

x87

(esa)

SS

x38

x98

(sos)

CN

x18

x18

(can)

GC

x39

x99

(sgci)

EM

x19

x19

(em)

SC

x3A

x9A

(sci)

P2

x1A

x92

2 (pu2)
CI

x3B

x9B

(csi)

D4

x3C

x14

4 (dc4)

NK

x3D

x15

(nak)

PM

x3E

x9E

(pm)

SB

x3F

x1A

(sub)

SP

x40

x20

x4A

xA2

x4B

x2E

<

x4C

x3C

x4D

x28

S3

x1B

x8F

Single-shift three
(ss3)

FS

x1C

x1C

(is4)

GS

x1D

x1D

(is3)

RS

x1E

x1E

(is2)

US

x1F

x1F

(is1)

PA

x20

x80

(pad)

HO

x21

x81

(hop)

BH

x22

x82

(bph)

NH

x23

x83

(nbh)

38

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

x4E

x2B

x95

x6E

x4F

x7C

x96

x6F

&

x50

x26

x97

x70

x5A

x21

x98

x71

x5B

x24

x99

x72

x5C

x2A

xA1

x7E

x5D

x29

xA2

x73

x5E

x3B

xA3

x74

x5F

xAC

xA4

x75

x60

x2D

xA5

x76

x61

x2F

xA6

x77

BB

x6A

xA6

xA7

x78

x6B

x2C

xA8

x79

xA9

x7A

x6C

x25

x6D

x5F

xC0

x7B

>

x6E

x3E

xC1

x41

x6F

x3F

xC2

x42

x79

x60

xC3

x43

x7A

x3A

xC4

x44

x7B

x23

xC5

x45

x7C

x40

xC6

x46

xC7

x47

'

x7D

x27

x7E

x3D

xC8

x48

"

x7F

x22

xC9

x49

x81

x61

xD0

x7D

x82

x62

xD1

x4A

x83

x63

xD2

x4B

x84

x64

xD3

x4C

xD4

x4D

x85

x65

x86

x66

xD5

x4E

x87

x67

xD6

x4F

x88

x68

xD7

x50

x89

x69

xD8

x51

x91

x6A

xD9

x52

x92

x6B

xE0

x5C

x93

x6C

xE2

x53

x94

x6D

xE3

x54

39

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

xE4

x55

DC1

x11

x11

1 (dc1)

xE5

x56

DC2

x12

x12

2 (dc2)

xE6

x57

DC3

x13

x13

3 (dc3)

xE7

x58

DC4

x3C

x14

4 (dc4)

xE8

x59

NAK

x3D

x15

(nak)

xE9

x5A

SYN

x32

x16

(syn)

xF0

x30

ETB

x26

x17

(etb)

xF1

x31

CAN

x18

x18

(can)

xF2

x32

SUB

x3F

x1A

(sub)

xF3

x33

ESC

x27

x1B

(esc)

xF4

x34

IS4

x1C

x1C

(is4)

xF5

x35

IS3

x1D

x1D

(is3)

xF6

x36

intro

x1D

x1D

(is3)

xF7

x37

IS2

x1E

x1E

(is2)

xF8

x38

IS1

x1F

x1F

(is1)

xF9

x39

DEL

x07

x7F

(del)

AC

xFF

x9F

(apc)

space

x40

x20

NUL

x00

x00

x5A

x21

SOH

x01

x01

(soh)

"

x7F

x22

STX

x02

x02

x7B

x23

ETX

x03

x03

x5B

x24

EOT

x37

x04

(eot)

x6C

x25

ENQ

x2D

x05

(enq)

&

x50

x26

ACK

x2E

x06

(ack)

'

x7D

x27

alert

x2F

x07

(bel)

x4D

x28

BEL

x2F

x07

(bel)

x5D

x29

backsp
ace

x16

x08

(bs)

x5C

x2A

x4E

x2B

tab

x05

x09

(ht)

x6B

x2C

newlin
e

x25

x0A

(lf)

x60

x2D

vertical
-tab

x0B

x0B

x4B

x2E

x61

x2F

formfeed

x0C

x0C

(ff)

xF0

x30

carriag
ereturn

xF1

x31

x0D

x0D

(cr)

xF2

x32

xF3

x33

DLE

x10

x10

(dle)

xF4

x34

40

EBCDIC
()

ASCII
()

xF5

x35

xF6

x36

xF7

x37

xF8

x38

xF9

x39

x7A

x3A

x5E

x3B

<

x4C

x3C

x7E

x3D

>

x6E

x3E

x6F

x3F

x7C

x40

X00

x5B

xE0

x5C

x00

x5D

x00

x5E

x6D

x5F

x79

x60

xC0

x07B

x4F

x7C

xD0

x7D

xA1

x7E

SEG Comm. Field Tape Std., 1994, Digital


field tape standards - SEG-D, revision 1
(special report): Geophysics, 59, no. 04, 668684.
Wood, Behn, Borresen, Guyton, Miles,
ONeill, Oishi and Scales, SEG-D, Rev 2 SEG
Dield Tape Standards, Geophysics, 62, no.
03, 1004-10

G.
Barry, K. M., Cavers, D. A. and Kneale, C. W.,
1975, Report on recommended standards for
digital tape formats: Geophysics, 40, no. 02,
344-3528.
Booth, Algan, Duke, Guyton, Norris, Stainsby,
Theriot, Wildgoose and Wilhelmsen, SEG
Rode Format Record Oriented Data
Encapsulation: Geophysics, 61, no. 05, 15451558.
Northwood, E. J., Wisinger, R. C., and
Bradley, J. J., 1967, Recommended
standards for digital tape formats:
Geophysics, v32, p. 1073-1084
8

SEG Y rev 0 format


41