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University of Alabama Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

1. A pure substance has a specific volume of 0.08 L/mol at a pressure of 3 atm


and 298 K. The substance is most likely:

~
C\. Liquid)

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b. Gas

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2. A rigid tank contains C02 at 2 atm and S0C. When the tank is heated to 250C,
the pressure increases significantly and the gas density ...
a. Increases

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b. Decreases

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d. Tank Explodes

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3. Two pathways are shown from points 1 to 2 on the pressure-temperature


diagram. One pathway has a phase change (dashed line) and the other does
not (solid lines). Which pathway has the larger change in enthalpy?
a. Solid
b. Dashed

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d. No Way to
Know

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Temperature

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University of Alabama Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

4. Which line corresponds to an


isotherm for a gas?

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. ...

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(/)

(/')

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a..

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Volume

5. A fluid flows steadily through a circular pipe of uniform cross-sectional area as


shown below.
If the outlet density of the fluid decreases to 1/2 of its inlet value, what
happens to the average fluid velocity?

\l1

PI

(Yl t

V2
P2
. =Yi Pt
M2.

a. The velocity will not change since mass must be conserved and the flow
is steady-state.
b. The outlet velocity will be 1/4th of the inlet velocity since kinetic energy
must be conserved according to the Bernoulli equation.
The outlet velocity will be twice the inlet velocity since mass must be
conserved in the system.
d. The velocity will increase somewhat but we can't tell how much with the
information given.
e. The velocity will decrease somewhat because of friction between fluid
and the pipe wall.

University of Alab ma Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

6. A wastewater treatment process requires 100 cubic feet per minute (CFM) of
air at STP in order to meet the oxygen demand of the microorganisms. The
actual volumetric flowrate of air needed to meet this demand on a winter day
(0 oC) in Denver, CO (Patm = 0.83 atm) would be _ _ _ _ _ __
a. less than 100 CFM
b. exactly 100 CFM
<:}reater 100 CF0)
d. can't say without more information

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7. Consider two vapor mixtures of saturated water in air. One is at 20 C and 1
atm and the other is at 20 C and 2 atm. Which one has a higher partial
pressure of water?
a. The mixture at 20 C and 1 atm
b. The mixture at 20 C and 2 atm

CS- The same in both mixture[)


d. You cannot tell

8. A chemist filled a 1 L flask with ethanol (specific gravity= 0.79) in 20 seconds


through a funnel. The time to fill the same flask with water if the mass flow
rate is the same would be - - - a. Shorter

~
c. Same

d. Can't Tell

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University of Alabama Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

9. Propane {C3Hs) reacts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water

If 50 moles (3Hs enters a reactor with 50 moles 02, and assuming full
conversion of the limiting reactant, how many moles of H20 form?

er

a. 200 mols

40 moiS)
c. 50 mols
d. 30 mols

10. Ammonia is compressed isothermally at 300 K until liquid NH3 forms at


pressure Pa. In a second container, ammonia is compressed at 350 K until it
condenses at a pressure Pb. The pressure Pa is
Pb.
a. greater than
(!>:less tha6)
c. equal to
d. no way to know

11. A sealed container contains water and air. At 100C, the system is saturated
with water, which makes up 25% of the vapor. What is the pressure of the
system?
a. 1 bar
b. 0.25 bar

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{)

d. 10 bar

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University of Alabama Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

12. A fixed-volume container at 45C contains 1 L of


liquid benzene and 1 L of benzene vapor in
equilibrium. If 0.4 L liquid benzene is removed at
constant temperature, the benzene partial
pressure _ _ _ _ __

vapor

a. increases
b. decreases
<f2emains the samQ
d. not enough information

13. We want to separate a 50/50 mixture of (5 isomers in the gas phase. As the
temperature is lowered, a technician states that he observed that some nhexane (n-C5) condenses before any 2,2- dimethylbutane (DMB) condenses.
Does this actually happen?
a. Yes, if n-(5 has a lower vapor pressure than DMB.
b. Yes, if n-(5 has a higher vapor pressure than DMB.
c. No, because both species have to condense.
d. It depends on the system pressure as to whether one or two species
condense.

University of Alabama Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

14. A cooling crystallizer operates at 30C to form salt crystals from a solution of
dissolved salt in water. 100 g of solution enters the crystallizer at 100C. The

crystallizer extracts 25 g
of salt. What is the mass
fraction of salt in the exit

,/

250

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0 Cl

stream?

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50

cs

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15. 1 lbm of H2SQ4 at 60F is added to

as function of
temperature

'

30

"" j

i
:

for salt in H2 0

:'

d. 0.50

'

Solubility curve

T(OC)

100

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Sll."T

ao

enough water at 60F to make a


25 wt% solution in an adiabatic
vessel. What is the final
temperature of the mixture?
a. 60F
b. 100F

:c

c. 160F

-80

0.2 0.4 0.6


Mass fraction H2S04

f:So

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1.0

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University of Alabama Chemical & Biological Engineering - CHE 305-001 Fall 2014

16. A small tank contains dry air at 25C. A small


beaker of water at 25C is placed in the container,
which is then sealed. The tank is well insulated.
When equilibrium is reached, the air temperature

2s c
0

is - - - - a. slightly higher

~lightly lowe:D
c. the same
d. can't tell

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