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CrisMartR.

AgullanaBSNIVAGroupIIManagementNCM107a

ManagementisaCareer,LeadershipisaCalling
Ajob/careerisdifferentfromacalling.Ajobputsfood
onthetable.Itpaysthebills.Acallingisthemost
importantthingyoucandointhislifeinwhichyouwould
bemostdifficulttoreplace.GaryNorth,2013

Management is the process of setting and achieving organizational goals through its
functions: forecasting, organization, coordination, training and monitoringevaluation.
Leadershipis:theabilitytoinfluence,tomakeothersfollowyou,theabilitytoguide,thehuman
side of business for "teacher". Interest in leadership increased during the early part of the
twentiethcentury.Earlyleadershiptheories focusedonwhatqualities distinguishedbetween
leadersandfollowers,whilesubsequenttheorieslookedatothervariablessuchassituational
factorsandskilllevels.Otherconsiderationsemphasizeaspectsthatseparatemanagementof
leadership,callingthemtwocompletelydifferentprocesses.Thewordsmanagerandleaderare
very often used to designate the same person who leads, however, they represent different
realitiesandthemaindifferencearisesformthewayinwhichpeoplearoundaremotivated.The
difference between being a manager and being aleader is simple. Management is a career.
Leadershipisacalling.Aleaderissomeonewhopeoplenaturallyfollowthroughtheirown
choice,whereasamanagermustbeobeyed.Amanagermayonlyhaveobtainedhispositionof
authority through time and loyalty given to the company, not as a result of his leadership
qualities.Aleadermayhavenoorganizationalskills,buthisvisionunitespeoplebehindhim.
Leadershipandmanagementaretwonotionsthatareoftenusedinterchangeably.However,these
wordsactuallydescribetwodifferentconcepts.Leadershipisthemaincomponentofchange,
providingvision,anddedicationnecessaryforitsrealization.Leadershipisaskillthatisformed
byeducation,experiences,interactionwithpeopleandinspiring,ofcourse,practice.Effective
leadershipdependslargelyonhowtheirleadersdefine,followandsharethevisiontofollowers.
Leadershipisjustoneimportantcomponentofthedirectingfunction.Amanagercannotjustbea
leader;healsoneedsformalauthoritytobeeffective.(Popovici,2012)
"Manager"isonewho:hassubordinates,providesdirectionstoanyaction,isthedecision
makerinanyendeavor."Leader"isonewho:isacceptanceofothers(andtheirconsequences),is
areference(model),whoguides."Management"means:themanagement,directionandcontrol
of something or someone, executive ability, the technical or academic activity "teacher".
Multiplemeaningsanddefinitionsofdatabydifferenttheoristsandpractitionersofmanagement
time,Herearesome:FrederickW.TaylordefinedmanagementinhisbookShopManagement,
publishedin1903,as"knowingwhatpeoplewanttodoandsupervisethemtomakethisthebest
wayandcheapest"HenriFayol,inhisbookAdministrationIndustrielleetgeneral,publishedin
1916,statedthat"giventhemeanstoprovide,organize,command,coordinateandcontrol"More
recently,managementisdefinedas:theA.Mackensie'sopinion,expressedinNovember1969in
Harvard Business Review, management is" the manager operates the three elements of
fundamental,ideas,thingsandpeople;makingtheotherobjectives"PeterDruckerbelieves
that management is equivalent to" people management ", the term" management "is just a
euphemismfor"chief"."Themainandperhapstheonlytaskistomobilizeenergymanagement

unitformeetingknownanddefinedtasks",andtestsuccess,saysDrucker,isto"achievehigh
efficiencyandadapttoexternalchanges."
"Aguide(tolead)means:toshowtheway,method,toinfluence,topersuade,tomodel.
"Leadership"is:theabilitytoinfluence,tomakeothersfollowyou,theabilitytoguide,the
humansideofbusinessfor"teacher".Leadershipis"theabilitytoinfluencesomepersonsand
groups,directingtheireffortsincompletingorganizationalobjectives"
Kossoff, 2016 further said Ask anyone and they'll tell you. There's a difference
betweenmanagersandleaders.Askthemwhatthatdifferenceisandtheymayhaveabitmore
difficulty.Suddenlythewordsbecomeamorphousandundefined.Somehowleadershipisan
intangibleacharismaticcomponentthatsomepeoplehaveandotherssimplydon't.That'swhy,
accordingtotheubiquitous"they",itissuchararity.WelltheyareWrong!.
Thedifferencebetweenbeingamanagerandbeingaleaderissimple.Managementisa
career.Leadershipisacalling.
Youdon'thavetobetall,wellspokenandgoodlookingtobeasuccessfulleader.You
don'thavetohavethat"specialsomething"tofulfilltheleadershiprole.
What you have to have is clearly defined convictions and, more importantly, the
courageofyourconvictionstoseethemmanifestintoreality.Onlywhenyouunderstandyour
role as guide and steward based on your own most deeply held truths can you move from
managertoleader.
Whetherthegroupyouoverseeiscalledemployees,associates,coworkers,teammatesor
anythingelse,whattheyarelookingforissomeoneinwhomtheycanplacetheirtrust.Someone
theyknowisworkingforthegreatergoodforthemandfortheorganization.They'relooking
forsomeonenotonlythattheycanbutthattheywanttofollow.
Becauseitisonlywhenyouhavefollowerspeoplewhohaveplacedtheirtrustinyouthatyou
knowyouhavemovedintothatleadershiprole.
Andthewayyouseeitisthatyourorganizationistranscendingallpreviousquality,
productivity,innovationandrevenueachievements.You'reoperatingatsuchahighlevelof
efficiencythatyou'regivingbudgetbacktothecorporationandyou'restillbeatingyourgoals.
You'reachievingwhatyoualwaysdreamedcouldbeachieved.Andnotonlythat,butit's
actuallyeasierthanyouthought.
Becauseyou'realeader.Becausetheclassiccommandandcontrolmanagementmodel
which, contrary to popular belief still applies even in our most progressive 21st century
companiesisnolongerinplay.Sure,controlsareinplace.Sure,you'resolvingproblemsthat
arise.Butit'snotjustyoualone.Youhavethepeopleinwhomyou'veputyourtrustandwho
havehappilyandsafelyreciprocatedtohelpyoucreateorganizationalsuccess.
FirstStepsofBecomingaLeader
Wheretostart?Beginbydiscoveringexactlywhatyourconvictions are.Clarifyand
codifyforyourselfwhatyoubelievein.Then,takeanicestepbackandseehowthosebeliefsare
playingoutintheorganizationasitstandstoday.
Don'tstartwithanorganizationalassessmentbasedonthenumbersoryouropinions
aboutothers.Thisisnotabout"them."Thisisallaboutyou.
Askyourself:
1.Whatisimportanttome?Whataremyvalues,beliefs,ethics?

2.HowamIdemonstratingthosevalues,beliefsandethicseveryday?
3.Isthelargerorganizationdesignedtosupportmyvalues,beliefsandethics?
4.WhatcanIdotochangehowIbehavewithmyimmediateorganizationtodemonstratemy
beliefinthem?
Realistically,you'llgothroughthisprocessnotonce,butmany,manytimes.Thisisa
periodicrealityandcrosschecktoseehowyou'redoinginyourowncontextand,asyoubegin
makingchanges,inthelargercontext.Because,whileyoucanandshouldexpectyourselfand
yourimmediateorganizationtomakechanges,youcannotandshouldnotexpectthelarger
organizationtoimmediatelyrespondorfollowsuit.
Lenbrzozowski,2012alsoaddedthatIfyouareasupervisor,managerorexecutivetodayhere
aresomeinterestingpointstoponder:
1. Wouldyoudoitwithouttheextramoney?Ipresumeyoumakemoremoneythandothe
peopleyousupervise.Considerthatyourbosstookthepaydifferentialawayandyouwerenow
makingthesameamountasyoursubordinates.Wouldyouwanttokeepyourjob?Doyoufeel
itwouldnotbeworththeaddedgriefandaggravation? Or,doyounotthinkoftheadded
responsibilityasaburdenatall,butsomethingthatinvigoratesandexcitesyou? Ifyouare
moreinthelattercategory,thismaybeacalling.
2.Whatdoyousaywhennooneislooking?Howdoyoutalkaboutyourworkandyourteam
whenyoufeelfreetospeakyourmind,astoclosefriendsorcolleagues?(Youmightevengo
backoversomeofyourpriorcorrespondenceandemails.) Whatlanguagedoyouuse? How
cynicalhaveyoubecome?Howmuchhasyourconfidenceinyourpeopleeroded?Or,isyour
languagefilledwithexpressionsofoptimism,hope,andpossibility?Doyoutendtospeakless
aboutyourproblemsandmoreaboutyouropportunities?
3.Whatareotherssayingaboutyou?Doyouknowacolleaguewhorespectsyousomuchthey
wouldtellyouwhatpeoplesayaboutyoubehindyourback?Wouldyoubesurprised,shocked
orpleased?Ifyouhavenotdoneaculturesurveyorhada360reportdoneinawhilethese
toomightbeuseful.Isthereevidencethatyourteamtrustsandrespectsyou?Whyorwhynot?
Youmightalsositdownwiththemandinvitefeedbackonwhatyoumightstop,start,or
continuedoingasyouinteractwiththem.Dotheyseeyouassomeonewhoinspiresthem,or
whocontrolsthem?Ifyoudontseemtobeaninspiringtrustedandrespectedboss,youmight
thinkaboutyourlineofwork.
4.Whatdoesyourspousefeelaboutyourwork?Yourspousepossiblyknowsyoubetterthan
youdoyourself.Doesthatpersonseeyoucominghomestressed,irritated,andgrumpy?Or,
dotheyseeyouassomeonewhoseemstoreallylovetheirwork.Askthemiftheyfeelyou
havefoundyourcallingornot.
Gary North, 2013 said that Socrates is the most famous philosopher of all time.
Philosophywashiscalling.Butwhatwashisdayjobbeforehebecameaphilosopher?Hardly
anyoneknows.Hewasastonemason.
JesuswasacarpenteruntilHewas30yearsold.Thenheleftthatlineofworkforthe
sakeofHiscalling.
Oncontraryforcareer,MillionsofpeoplehaveheardoftheApostlePaul.Hislectures
andhisletterstolocalchurcheschangedtheworld.Buthetooknomoneyforthiswork

deliberately(ICorinthians9:1315).Thenwhatdidhedoforaliving?Fewpeopleknow.He
madetents(Acts18:3).
SocratesandJesusgaveuptheirdayjobsforthesakeoftheircallings.Paulkepthisday
job.Itfundedhiscalling.
Veryfewpeople'sjobsarealsotheircallings.Preachersandteachersareexamples.Afew
artistsmakealivingbypursuingtheircallings.Butwhenthemoneyrollsin,whathappenstothe
calling?
Opinion
ThenLeadershipandmanagementaretwonotionsthatareoftenusedinterchangeably.
However,thesewordsactuallydescribetwodifferentconcepts.Leadershipthereforeisthemain
componentofchange,providingvision,anddedicationnecessaryforitsrealization.Leadership
is askillthatis formedbyeducation,experiences,interactionwithpeopleandinspiring,of
course,practice.Effectiveleadershipdependslargelyonhowtheirleadersdefine,followand
share the vision to followers. Leadership is just one important component of the directing
function.Amanagercannotjustbealeader,healsoneedsformalauthoritytobeeffective."For
anyqualityinitiativetotakehold,seniormanagementmustbeinvolvedandactasarolemodel.
Thisinvolvementcannotbedelegated."
Leadershipandmanagementmaybesimilarinafewways,theyhavemanyverydistinct
differences.Itisunusualforonepersontohavetheskillstoserveasbothaninspiringleaderand
aprofessionalmanager.Inlarge,complexorganizations,thesetwodistinctrolesareevenmore
difficulttoassimilateinoneperson,andthetendencyistosetleadershipskillsasideinfavorof
managingtheworkplace.Understandingthedifferencesbetweenleadershipandmanagement
canensurethatemployeesknowwhenandhowtoapplyeachsetofcharacteristicsforgiven
processes.
TherearethingsthatIhavelearneduponreadingthesearticles.Toputitsimply,There
arentanyshortcuts.Leadershipishardworkandmostofitisonthejobtraining.Greatleaders
arebuiltbybeinginthegame,notbystandingonthesidelinesorsittingintheclassroom.Great
leadersstartedbybeinggreatfollowers.Mostsuccessfulleadersweresuccessfulfollowersat
somepoint.Theylearnedhowtobepartofateam,puttheneedsofothersaheadoftheirown,
andworktowardagoalbiggerthanthemselves.Learntobeagoodfollowerandyoulllearn
whatittakestobeagoodleader.Wealreadyknowwhatittakestobeagoodleader.Benice.
Playwellwithothers.Saypleaseandthankyou.Dowhatyoucantohelpothers.Ofcourseyou
havetomatureandapplythosefundamentalsinadultwayslikebeingtransparentandauthentic
withothers,challengingthemtostrivefortheirgoals,holdingpeopleaccountable,andhaving
difficultconversationswhenneeded. .Leadershipismuchmoreaboutwhoyouarethanwhat
youdo.ThisisprobablythemostimportanttruthIvelearnedaboutleadershipIviewleadership
asacalling,notajob.Asacalling,leadershipisaboutwhoIammyvalues,beliefs,attitudes
andmyactionsarethevisiblemanifestationofthoseinnerideals.Ifyouwanttobeasuccessful
leader,yourprimaryfocusshouldbeontheinnerworkthatisrequired,notonbehavioraltricks
ortechniques.
As you identify your convictions and begin aligning your behaviors with those
convictions,youaregoingtoneedtotakestepstobuildacollaborativeculturebasedonwhere

you'regoing.Todothat,seekinputfromyouremployeesaboutwhattheyneedandwhattheir
dreamsarefortheirjobsandthelargerorganization.
Leadersaren'tmadeorborn.Leadershipisachoiceabeliefinandcommitmentto
everything that is good and noble within you. Be a leader. What about you? What is your
calling?Whatisyourjob?

References
Kossoff,L.(2016).FromManagertoLeader.RetrievedSeptember06,2016from
https://www.thebalance.com/frommanagertoleader2275801
Lenbrzozowski,L.(2012).LeadershipaCalling,RatherthanaCareerGoal.Retrieved
September06,2016fromhttps://lenbrzozowski.wordpress.com/2012/04/25/
leadershipacallingratherthanacareergoal/
North,G.,(2013).AJobandaCallingAreDifferent.Don'tGetThemConfusedinYourLife.

RetrievedSeptember06,2016fromhttp://www.garynorth.com/public/department148.cfm
Popovici,V.(2012).SimilaritiesandDifferencesbetweenManagementandLeadership.Retrieved
September06,2016fromhttps://ideas.repec.org/a/cbu/jrnlec/y2012v2p126135.html