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Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Assignment-I (B.E, II/IV, Mech-I &II, Aug 2016.
Sub: Mechanics of Materials

1. A specimen of steel 20 mm diameter with a gauge length of 200 mm is tested to
destruction. It has an extension of 0.25 mm under a load of 80 kN and the load at elastic
limit is 102 kN. The maximum load is 130 kN. The total extension at fracture is 56 mm
and diameter at neck is 15 mm. Find
(i) The stress at elastic limit.
(ii) Youngs modulus.
(iii) Percentage elongation.
(iv) Percentage reduction in area.
(v) Ultimate tensile stress.

2. A bar of length 1000 mm and diameter 30 mm is centrally bored for 400 mm, the bore
diameter being 10 mm as shown in Fig. Under a load of 30kN, if the extension of the bar
is 0.222 mm, what is the modulus of elasticity of the bar?

3. A bar of 25 mm diameter is tested in tension. It is observed that when a load of 60 kN is

applied, the extension measured over a gauge length of 200 mm is 0.12 mm and
contraction in diameter is 0.0045 mm. Find Poissons ratio and elastic constants E, G, K.
4. A 400 mm long bar has rectangular cross-section 10 mm 30 mm. This bar is subjected
to (i) 15 kN tensile force on 10 mm 30 mm faces, (ii) 80 kN compressive force on 10
mm 400 mm faces, and (iii) 180 kN tensile force on 30 mm 400 mm faces. Find the
change in volume if E = 2 105 N/mm2 and = 0.3.
5. A compound bar consists of a circular rod of steel of 25 mm diameter rigidly fixed into a
copper tube of internal diameter 25 mm and external diameter 40 mm as shown in Fig. If
the compound bar is subjected to a load of 120 kN, find the stresses developed in the two
materials. Take Es = 2 105 N/mm2 and Ec = 1.2 105 N/mm2.

6. Three pillars, two of aluminium and one of steel support a rigid platform of 250 kN as
shown in Fig. 8.39. If area of each aluminium pillar is 1200 mm2 and that of steel pillar is
1000 mm2, find the stresses developed in each pillar. Take Es = 2 105 N/mm2 and Ea =
1 106 N/mm2.
7. A steel bolt of 20 mm diameter passes centrally through a copper tube of internal
diameter 28 mm and external diameter 40 mm. The length of whole assembly is 600 mm.
After tight fitting of the assembly, the nut is over tightened by quarter of a turn. What are
the stresses introduced in the bolt and tube, if pitch of nut is 2 mm? Take Es = 2 105
N/mm2 and Ec = 1.2 105 N/mm2.

8. The composite bar shown in Fig. is 0.20 mm short of distance between the rigid supports
at room temperature. What is the maximum temperature rise which will not produce
stresses in the bar? Find the stresses induced in the bar when temperature rise is 60.
Given: s = 12 106/C c = 17.5 106/C Es = 2 105 N/mm2 Ec = 1.2 105
N/mm2 , As = 400 mm2 , Ac = 300 mm2.

9. The composite bar shown in Fig is subjected to a tensile force of 30 kN. The extension
observed is 0.44. Find the Youngs modulus of brass, if Youngs modulus of steel is 2
105 N/mm2.
10. Draw shear force and bending moment diagram for the cantilever beam shown in Fig.

11. A beam of span 8 m has roller support at A and hinge support at B as shown in Fig. Draw
SF and BM diagrams when the beam is subjected to udl, a concentrated load and an
externally applied moment as shown in the Figure.

12. Draw BM and SF diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. indicating the values at all salient

13. A simply supported beam of span 3.0 m has a cross-section 120 mm 180 mm. If the
permissible stress in the material of the beam is 10 N/mm2, determine (i) maximum udl it
can carry (ii) maximum concentrated load at a point 1 m from support it can carry.
Neglect moment due to self weight.
14. The
T un-symm
metric I-secttion shown in Fig. is the cross-seection of a beam, which is
suubjected to a shear forcce of 60 kN. Draw the shear
s stress variation diagram acrosss the

umptions maade in derivinng bending equation.

15. State the assu e
16. Show that maaximum sheaar stress in a beam of recctangular secction is 1.5 q average.
17. The
T state of stress at a point
p in a strrained materrial is as shoown in Fig. Determine
D (ii) the
direction of principal planes
p (ii) the
t magnituude of prinncipal stressses and (iii)) the
magnitude off maximum shear
s stress. Indicate thee direction off all the abovve by a sketcch.

18. The
T cantileveer beam show
wn in the fiigure supporrts a concenttrated load and
a a segmeent of
unniform load
d. Draw the shear-forcee and bendinng-moment diagrams foor this cantiilever
19. A thin cylinder 75 mm internal diameter, 250 mm long with walls 2.5 mm thick is
subjected to an internal pressure of 7 MN/m2. Determine the change in internal diameter
and the change in length. If, in addition to the internal pressure, the cylinder is subjected
to a torque of 200 N m, find the magnitude and nature of the principal stresses set up in
the cylinder. E = 200 GN/m2. v = 0.3.
20. A 2-m-long pin-ended column of square cross section is to be made of wood. Assuming
E 5 13 GPa, sall 5 12 MPa, and using a factor of safety of 2.5 in computing Eulers
critical load for buckling, determine the size of the cross section if the column is to
safely support (a) a 100-kN load, (b) a 200-kN load.
21. The cantilever beam AB is of uniform cross section and carries a load P at its free end A.
determine the equation of the elastic curve and find the deflection and slope at A.

22. For the state of plane stress, (a) construct Mohrs circle, (b) determine the principal
stresses, (c) determine the maximum shearing stress and the corresponding normal stress.

23. A bar system is loaded as shown in fig. determine the i) reaction at the lower support and
ii) stresses in the bars. Take E=205GPa.
24. Compute the elongation of the bar shown in fig. having youngs modulus as 114 GPa.

25. The bar shown below carries three loads. Compute the deflection of point D relative to A.
take yougs modulus as 2960 Mpa.

26. A square bar of magnesium is 30mm side and 250mm long at 200 . It is placed between
two rigid supports set at 250.1mm apart. The bar is then heated to 700 while the supports
do not move. Compute the resulting stresses in the bar.
27. The composite bar shown in Fig is rigidly fixed at the ends A and B. Determine the
reaction developed at ends when the temperature is raised by 18C. Given Ea = 70
kN/mm2 Es = 200 kN/mm2 a = 11 106/C s = 12 106/C.
28. Draw a typical stress-strain curve for mild steel, indicate salient point and define them.
29. Show that volumetric strain in a bar is equal to the sum of strains in three mutually
perpendicular directions.
30. Explain the terms: (i) Modulus of elasticity (ii) Modulus of rigidity and (iii) Bulk
31. Show that in a compound bar of length L, when temperature increases by t, the force P
developed is given

where A1, A2Cross-sectional areas of bar 1 and bar 2 respectively E1, E2Youngs
moduli of bar 1 and bar 2 respectively and 1, 2are coefficient of thermal
expansion of bars 1 and 2 respectively.
32. Explain the following types of supports to beams: (i) Simple support (ii) Hinged support
(iii) Fixed support.
33. Bring out the difference between statically determinate and indeterminate beams.
34. Derive the relationship between,
(i) Shear force and load intensity (ii) Bending moment and shear force.

Assignment set by:

S.Solomon Raj, Assistant Prof.MED.
Ch.V.Sushma, Assistant Prof.MED.