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Subject pronouns

Exercise 2
Instructions: Replace the underlined subject pronoun with a logical pronoun.
1. Ben has arrived, but Mary is not ready to leave yet.
2. Tina and Amy are 18 years old. Their father is taking them to a restaurant for
their birthday.
3. You and I are in the same class as Adam and Nancy.
4. You and Sam should consider taking the bus to school.
5. The dog looks clean. Did Ted give him a bath?
6. My friends, my brother, my aunt, and I are flying home from Greece on
Saturday.
7. Your friend and her sister are invited to the dinner, aren't they?
8. Marco and Jose like this kind of music, don't they?
9. Caracas is the capital of Venezuela.
10. The cat will not go away until you feed it.

Object Pronouns

Object pronouns replace object in the sentence. They go after the verb or after a
preposition in sentences.

He saw me. He spoke to me. After me, you can go.


I saw you. He smiled at you. To you, she seems nice.

You saw him. This is for him. For him, this is easy.

He saw her. This is for her. For her, this is easy.

She saw it. Let's talk about it. Behind it is the store.

We saw them. Let's talk to them. Behind them is a garage.

They saw us. He gave it to us. To us, he spoke in German.

Again, look at the difference between these two sentences. Do we know who we
are talking about in sentence A if it is the first sentence in a conversation? Do
you know who every pronoun in A is referring to?
Examples:

a. Marcia saw them at the movies with him last Friday, but she did
not see us because we were sitting behind her.

a. Marcia saw Jennifer and Michelle at the movies with Ahmed


last Friday, but she did not see Anthony and me because we were
sitting behind Marcia.

Examples with prepositional phrases


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Across from me, Susan was singing a song in Japanese.

Exercise 3:
Instructions: Circle the object pronouns in these sentences.
1. She is going to the beach with me.
2. They study English with you.
3. I saw him.
4. We spoke to her.
5. They are going with us.
6. We wrote to them.

Exercise 4:
Instructions: Replace each of the underlined elements with one logical object
pronoun.
Example: Marsha sent three e-mail messages to my sister and me.
Marsha sent them to us.

1. Adam gave the book (__________) to Karen and me(__________).


2. Amanda saw you and me(__________) yesterday at the park.
3. Did Nicole give the book(__________) to Michelle(__________)?
4. I see you and your brother(__________).
5. Do you want to go with Mary, Jennifer, and me(__________)?
6. I gave the dog(__________) a bone. (The dog is a boy.)
7. Will you send these letters to my dad for me(__________)?
8. I love English(__________)!
9. I love computers(__________)!
10. Are you and your brothers(__________) going with Kathy, Matt, and
me(__________)?

Possessive Nouns

Most nouns have a possessive form. The possessive form shows ownership or a
relationship. It replaces the word of or have. It answers the question "Whose?" A
possessive noun has another noun after it, except when the possessed object is
clear to the reader.
Examples:

My sister has a nice friend. = = My sister's friend is nice.


The teachers have briefcases. = = The teachers' briefcases
Irene has a house. = = Irene's house is gray with white trim.

Those cats have a toy mouse. = = That is the cats' toy mouse.

Tom and Sue have a car. = = Tom and Sue's car is red.

Henry and Judy both have cars. = = Henry's is blue. Judy's is


green. (car)

Singular and Plural of Possessive Nouns


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When creating possessive form nouns there are 8 simple rules:
1. If a singular noun does not end in s, add 's

the cars of my sister = my sister's cars


The teacher has a problem. = the teacher's problem

the screen of that computer = that computer's screen

Henry has two brothers = Henry's brothers

The child has three dogs. = the child's dogs

the eraser on the pencil = the pencil's eraser

the books of that student = that student's books

the exams of that teacher = that teacher's exams

2. If a singular common noun ends in s, add 'sunless the next word begins with
s. If the next word begins with s, or a word with s or sh sound, add an apostrophe
only. (This includes words with s and sh sounds.)
The boss has a wife. = the boss's wife
My boss uses a special coffee cup. = the boss' special coffee cup
The mistress buys special chocolate. = the mistress's chocolate.
The mistress buys special sweets. = the mistress' sweets
the hem of the dress = the dress's hem
the seam of the dress = the dress' seam

3. If a singular proper noun ends in s, add an apostrophe. Francis has a job. =


Francis' job
4. If a noun is plural and ends in an s, add an apostrophe, even if the intended
meaning of the word is singular (such as physic and mathematics.)
(With words like "Jones", you can also use apostrophe + s.)

The Jones have a cat. = It is the Jones' (or Jones's) cat.


the office of the doctors = the doctors' office
The singers bought new costumes. = the singers' costumes

the novels of those authors = those authors' novels

5. If a plural noun does not end in s, add 's


Common Possessi
ve
singular woman
woman's

women
plural women's

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singular
man man's

plural men men's


singular
child child's

children'
plural children
s

The children have a dog. = the children's dog


The men have a separate bathroom = the men's room.

6. If there is joint possession, use the correct possessive on the possessive


closest to the noun.
Joe and Jerry's latest adventure almost killed them.
Tahni was worried about her mother and father's trip to Europe.

7. If there is a separate possession of the same noun, use the correct possessive
form for each word.
The student's and the teacher's reasons for staying home from school were
invalid.
(The student's excuses were different from those of the teachers)
The horses' and the cows' food was saturated by the rainstorm.
(The horses food was different from that of the cows.)

8. In a compound construction, use the correct possessive form for the word
closest to the noun. Avoid possessives with compound plurals.
My sisters-in-law's friend is going to marry my uncle.
The reading light's battery is dead.
My brother needs a new battery for his fishing boat's navigation system.

Now you will practice possessive nouns with a 15-point multiple-choice exercise.
1. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:
The Jamisons have a new car

a. The Jamisons' car is new.


b. The Jamisonses' car is new.

c. The Jamisons's car is new.

d. The Jamisonse's car is new.

2. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The house of Victor Holland is being built.
a. Victor Holland' house is being built.
b. Victor Holland's house is being built.
c. Victor Hollands' house is being built.
d. Victor Hollands's house is being built.
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3. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:
The assignments I need to return to those students are on the table.
a. The students' assignments are on the table.
b. The student's assignments are on the table.

c. The student' assignments are on the table.

d. The students assignments are on the table.

4. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The assignments I need to return to that student are on the table.

a. The students' assignments are on the table.


b. The student's assignments are on the table.
c. The student' assignments are on the table.

d. The students assignments are on the table.

5. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The assignments I need to return to the grammar students and the ones that
belong to the writing students are on the table.

a. The grammar student's and the writing student's assignments


are on the table.
b. The grammar students' and the writing students' assignments
are on the table.
c. The grammar students and the writing student's assignments
are on the table.

d. The grammar students and the writing students' assignments


are on the table.

6. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The assignment I need to return to that student is on the table.

a. That students' assignment is on the table.


b. That students's assignment is on the table.

c. That student's assignment is on the table.


d. That student assignment is on the table.

7. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The tickets of the team members are in my pocket.
a. The team member's tickets are in my pocket.
b. The team members' tickets are in my pocket.
c. The team members's tickets are in my pocket.
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d. The team members tickets are in my pocket.

8. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The ticket of that team member is in my pocket.
a. The team member's ticket is in my pocket.
b. The team members' ticket is in my pocket.
c. The team members's ticket is in my pocket.
d. The team members ticket is in my pocket.

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9. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:
The name of that plant is easy to remember.

a. That plants name is easy to remember.


b. That plant's name is easy to remember.
c. That plants' name is easy to remember.

d. That plant'es name is easy to remember.

10. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The hem of the dress came out.

a. The dress' hem came out.


b. The dress's hem came out.
c. The dresses' hem came out.

d. The dress' hem came out.

11. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The seam of the dress came out.
a. The dress' seam came out.
b. The dress's seam came out.

c. The dresses' seam came out.

d. The dress seam came out.

12. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


I have two teachers. They are Mrs. Roland and Ms. Veiga.
a. My teachers' names' are Mrs. Roland and Ms. Veiga.
b. My teacher's names are Mrs. Roland and Ms. Veiga.
c. My teachers' names are Mrs. Roland and Ms. Veiga.
d. My teacher's name's are Mrs. Roland and Ms. Veiga.

13. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


I have one best friend. Her name is Mollie Susan.
a. My best friend's name is Mollie Susan.
b. My best friends' name is Mollie Susan.

c. My best friend name's is Mollie Susan.

d. My best friend's name's is Mollie Susan.

14. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


Pedro has two cousins. They are visiting him next week.
a. Pedro's cousins are visiting him next week.
b. Pedros' cousins are visiting him next week.
c. Pedro's cousins' are visiting him next week.
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d. Pedros cousins are visiting him next week.

15. Which sentence means the same as this sentence:


The students have two exams tomorrow. They will not be easy.
a. The student's exams are not going to be easy.
b. The students' exams are not going to be easy.
c. The studentses exams are not going to be easy.
d. The students exams are not going to be easy.

Exercise 7
Directions: In the following sentences, circle the correct pronoun.
1. Most people believe that if (you / they) work hard, (you / they) will become
rich.
2. My friends enjoy fishing on (their / his) day off. (They / He) find it a relaxing
hobby.
3. As music lovers, (I / we) like to buy several CDs that (I /we) enjoy.
4. Although a woman may have many job opportunities, (they / she) may be
paid less than a man.
5. (Their, There, Theyre) car broke down because they never changed its oil.
6. The dog searched for (its / its) owner all day long.
7. (Whose / Whos) decision was it to postpone the meeting?
8. I didnt realize that I lost (your / youre) favorite book.
9. The decision to move is (hers / hers).
10. The notebooks with the orange covers are (mines, mine).

Exercise 8: Instructions: Underline the errors in subject-verb


agreement. Then fix the error.
Example:
A computer is a complex machine; nevertheless, they have a lot to offer us.
it has

1. Maria enjoys the strolls in the park since it is so relaxing.

2. When I visit the actors in the theater, I try to make him feel
appreciated.

3. The remote control was missing several of their buttons.

4. The remote controls was missing several of it buttons.

5. When a student realizes they made a mistake, they usually feel


regretful.

6. When students realize they made a mistake, they usually feel


regretful.

7. When a student forgets to do their homework, he usually gets in


trouble.
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Directions: Circle the pronoun that best fits the sentence.

8. Laura interviewed only one candidate, for she knew __________ was the right
person for the job.

a. it
b. he
c. they

9. ____________ yellow and blue polka dot tie was left in the office?
a. Whose
b. Whos

10. The notes you gathered for the research project are better than ___________.

a. ours
b. ours
c. our

11. I hadnt heard __________ talk so negatively in years.


a. myself
b. yourself

12. The instructor said we couldnt receive a passing grade if ___________ didnt
study.

a. they
b. we
c. he

WebSite for practice

Possessive Pronouns

Explanations (Beginner)
http://www.eflnet.com/grammar/posspron.htm
Possessive Pronouns http://www.aitech.ac.jp/~iteslj/quizzes/fb005-bp.html
Possessive Pronouns
http://www.aitech.ac.jp/~iteslj/quizzes/vc-pronouns-lb.html
Possessive Pronouns
http://iteslj.org/quizzes/vc-pronouns-lb.html
Possessive Adjectives
http://iteslj.org/quizzes/fb005-bp.html