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Activity Sheet VI: Law of Conservation of Mass

Objective
1. Observe what happens to the mass of chemicals before, during and after a reaction.
2. Analyse the results of the mass experiment and the conclusions reached from the analysis
3. Write chemical equations for chemical reactions.
4. Understand why chemical equations need to be balanced
Evaluation
Show teacher observations; Check answers to questions #1&2 in answer booklet

PURPOSE: To observe what happens to the mass of all chemicals before, during and after a reaction.
METHOD:
1. You will be mixing two separate pairs of solutions:

a) sodium carbonate and copper (II) sulphate


b) sodium sulphate and barium chloride (or calcium chloride)

2. For each pair of solutions do the following, referring to the diagram below:

a) Place about 10 mL of one solution in the bottom of the flask.


b) Half fill the test tube with the other solution.
c) Carefully slide the test tube into the flask without allowing the solutions to mix.
d) Stopper the flask. Get the mass of the stoppered flask and its contents and record.
e) Gently turn the flask upside down while holding the stopper so the solution in the test tube comes out.
Let the two solutions mix. Invert the flask again until its right side up. Get the mass of the flask and its
contents again.
f) Empty the contents of the flask. Rinse the flask with distilled water.
g) Repeat the experiment using the other pair of solutions.

3. Record your results using a chart like the one below:

PAIR a) sodium carbonate + copper (II)sulphate PAIR b) sodium sulphate + calcium chloride

Visual Visual Visual Visual


observations mass observations mass observations mass observations
mass after
before mixing before after mixing after before before after mixing
mixing

CONCLUSION:
1. Write word and chemical equations for each of the reactions. Balance the chemical equations.
2. Define the Law of Conservation of Mass and explain how it is related to this activity.