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BAB 1

PENDAHLUAN

1.1 Latar Belakang


Grammar dan struktur adalah hal terpenting sebelum seseorang mulai dalam
berbahasa, termasuk Bahasa Inggris. Baik tidaknya bahasa tiap orang tergantung kepada
susunan grammar dan struktur yang dimilikinya, dalam bahasa inggris kita mengenal
berbagai macam susunan kalimat, salah satunya yaitu tenses.
1.2 Rumusan Masalah
Berdasarkan latas belakang diatas, maka dirumuskan Bagaimana Rumus Simple Future
Tense ?
1.3 Tujuan Penulisan
1.3.1 Tujuan Umum
Tujuan umum penulisan ini adalah agar perawat atau pembaca dapat mengetahui dan
memahami tentang simple future tense.
1.3.2 Tujuan Khusus
1.3.2.1 Mahasiswa mampu memahami rumus simple future tense.
1.3.2.2 Mahasiswa mampu membuat kalimat simple future tense

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BAB 2
TINJAUAN PUSTAKA
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Simple Future Tense

Subject + will + verb1+ object + modifier


Subject + [(is/am/are/) going to] + verb1+ object + modifier
Subject + (is/am/are/) + (verb1+ing)+ object + modifier
Note:
In American English, auxiliary shall (i.e. sepupunya will) sudah sangat jarang digunakan.
Oleh karena itu, tulisan ini tidak membahas penggunaan shall.
Pola yang ketiga ini sama dengan Present continuous tense. Penggunaannya khusus untuk
menyatakan aktivitas yang direncanakan akan dilakukan. (Lihat penggunaan simple future
tense yang kedua).
Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali will grow rice crops next month. (Petani-petani di Jati Bali akan
bercocok
tanam padi bulan depan).
2. Some students are going to conduct research on vegetative plant propagations next
semester.
(Beberapa siswa akan melakukan penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif semester
depan).
3. Transpiration will start to increase tomorrow morning. (Transpirasi akan mulai meningkat
besok pagi).

Penggunaan Simple Future Tense

Simple Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang akan


terjadi/dilakukan di waktu yang akan datang, apakah 10 menit atau 1 jam yang akan
datang, besok, lusa, minggu depan, bulan depan, tahun depan, dan seterusnya. Jika past tense
menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas setelah now (past time), simple future tense menyatakan
kejadian/aktivitas sebelum now (future time).
Berikut adalah 5 kategori penggunaan Simple Future Tense, yaitu:
1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang diprediksi akan terjadi/dilakukan.
Contoh:
a. According to the weather forecast, it will rain tomorrow. (Menurut ramalan cuaca,
besok akan hujan).
b. None of us have done the homework the teacher told us to do. He will be very
disappointed when he finds out.
c. Ronny is going to come to my house at 7 oclock tonight. I think Jeny, Ronnys
girlfriend,will come too.
d. I will probably see Janet at the cafeteria at lunch
e. The damage we do to our forest today will result in severe catastrophes sooner or
later in the future.
Kelima contoh kalimat di atas juga dapat dinyatakan dengan pola yang kedua menjadi:
a. According to the weather forecast, it is going to rain tomorrow. (Menurut ramalan
cuaca, besok akan hujan).
b. None of us did the homework the teacher had told us to do. He is going to be very
disappointed when he finds out.
c. Ronny is going to come to my house2 at 7 oclock tonight. I think Jeny, Ronnys
girlfriend,is going to come too.
d. I am probably going to see Janet at the cafeteria at lunch.
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e. The damage we do to our forest today is going to result in severe catastrophes sooner
or later in the future.
2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang direncanakan akan terjadi/dilakukan. Jika
aktivitas yang akan dilakukan telah direncanakan/diniatkan sebelumnya, gunakan pola yang
kedua atau ketiga.
Contoh:
1. Ronny is going to come to my house at 7 oclock tonight.
2. He has an appointment. He is going to meet his business partner at noon.
3. I am going to go to the shopping mall. Do you want to go with me?
4. The next world cup championship is going to be held in South Africa in 2010.
5. He is going to leave for Bali tomorrow morning.
Kelima contoh kalimat di atas juga dapat dinyatakan dengan pola yang ketiga menjadi:
1. Ronny is coming to my house at 7 oclock tonight.
2. He has an appointment. He is meeting his business partner at noon.
3. I am going to the shopping mall Do you want to go with me?
4. The next world cup championship is being held in South Africa in 2010.
5. He is leaving for Bali tomorrow morning.

3. Untuk menyatakan kesudian/kesanggupan melakukan sesuatu.


Untuk kategori ini, gunakan pola yang pertama.
1. Why dont you ask John? He will happily help you do your homework.
2. She will voluntarily teach us how to write in English well.
3. Lets go to the canteen. I will treat you. (Saya akan traktir kamu).
4. You look thirsty. I will get a glass of water for you.
5. I will open the door for you.

4. Untuk membuat main clause pengandaian yang bersifat hipotesa (hypothetical


conditional); Artinya, apa yang akan terjadi pada main clause, tergantung pada apa yang
terjadi pada anak kalimat (sub-clause) dari kalimat pengandaian tersebut.
Contoh:
1. If she comes tonight, I will not go out. (Jika dia datang malam ini, saya tidak akan keluar
rumah). Sebaliknya, jika dia tidak datang, saya akan keluar rumah.
2. If you study hard, your English will steadily improve. (Jika kamu belajar keras, bahasa
Inggris kamu akan terus meningkat).
3. If we succeed, our parents will be very proud of us. (Jika kita sukses, orang-orang tua kita
akan sangat bangga dengan kita).
4. If you apply fertilizers optimally, the crop yields will increase. (Jika kamu
mengaplikasikan pupuk secara optimal, hasil-hasil tanaman akan meningkat).
5. If pests are controlled properly, there will be no failure in crop production. (Jika
hamahama dikendalikan secara tepat, tidak akan ada kegagalan dalam produksi tanaman).

5. Untuk membuat request dan command lebih formal atau lebih sopan.
Contoh:
1. Will you take care of my plants while I am gone, please! (Tolong rawat tanaman-tanaman
saya selama saya pergi!).
2. Will you return my book tomorrow, please! I need to study it for the exam. (Tolong
kembalikan buku saya besok. Saya perlu mempelajari untuk (mempersiapkan diri) ujian).
3. Will you give me some sugar, please! (Tolong beri saya sedikit gula).
4. Will you pick up the phone, please! (Tolong angkat telponnya).
5. Will you go out with me tonight, please! (Pergilah kencan dengan saya malam ini).
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Note: Simple present tense juga dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan future time, khusus
untuk kejadian/aktivitas yang sudah terjadwal. Hanya ada beberapa verbs yang bisa
digunakan di sini, antara lain:
open, close, begin, end, start, finish, arrive, leave, come, return.
Contoh:
1. I have to transfer money now but its already 2 oclock. Dont worry. You still have time.
The bank closes at 4 oclock.
2. Classes begin next week.
3. The train arrives at 11 p.m. tonight.
4. The first flight leaves at 6 a.m. tomorrow.
5. The ceremony starts at 11. Its about in half an hour. (Upacaranya mulai jam 11. Kurang
lebih setengah jam lagi).

Modifier of time untuk Simple Future Tense


Modifier of time (keterangan waktu)yang umum digunakan pada Simple Future Tense dapat
berupa:
1. singgle word : tomorrow (besok), soon (segera), tonight (sebentar malam). Note:Tonight
bermakna future time jika pada saat mengekspresikan suatu kejadian/aktivitas belum malam
(i.e. baru jam 5 sore, 2 sore, atau masih 10 pagi ect). Tetapi jika misalnya pada jam 8 malam
anda sedang berduaan dengan pacar, tonight berarti malam ini (i.e. bermakna now). I am with
my boy-/girlfriend tonight. I am so happy. Tonight is one of my greatest nights in my whole
life.
2. phrase : next week (minggu depan), next month (bulan depan), next year (tahun depan),
etc.
3. clause : when she arrives, if the rain falls tomorrow, etc. Remember: clause (i.e. adverbial
clause) untuk simple future tense selalu dalam present tense. Jangan dinyatakan dalam future
tense. INCORRECT jika when she will arrive; if the rain willfall tomorrow.

Negative Form

Subject + will + not + verb1+ object + modifier


Subject + [(is/am/are/) + not + going to] + verb1+ object + modifier
Subject + (is/am/are/) + not + (verb1+ing)+ object + modifier
Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali will not grow rice crops next month (Petani-petani di Jati Bali tidak
akan bercocok tanam padi bulan depan).
2. Some students are not going to conduct research on vegetative plant propagations next
semester (Beberapa siswa tidak akan melakukan penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman
vegetatif semester depan).
3. Transpiration will not start to increase tonight. (Transpirasi tidak akan mulai meningkat
malam ini).
4. According to the weather forecast, it will not rain tomorrow.
5. He will not be very happy when he finds out.
6. I think Jeny, Ronnys girlfriend, will not come.
7. I will not probably see Janet at the cafeteria at lunch
8. Ronny is not going to come to my house at 7 oclock tonight
9. He is not going to meet his business partner at noon.
10. I am not going to go to the shopping mall.
11. He is not going to leave for Bali tomorrow morning. etc.
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Future Continuous (Progressive) Tense

Subject + will + be + ( verb1+ing) + object + modifier


Subject + [(is/am/are/) going to] + be + (verb1+ing) + object + modifier
Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali will be growing rice crops at 9 a.m. tomorrow. (Petani-petani di Jati
Bali
akan sedang menanam padi jam 9 pagi besok).
2. Some students are going to be conducting research on vegetative plant propagations when
I go to the agronomy laboratory next week. (Beberapa siswa akan sedang melakukan
penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif ketika saya pergi ke lab. agronmy dua hari
depan).
3. Transpiration will be starting to increase at 8 a.m. tomorrow. (Transpirasi akan sedang
mulai meningkat jam 8 besok pagi).

Penggunaan Future Continuous Tense

Penggunaan future continuous tense pada prinsipnya sama dengan past continuous tense.
Yang membedakan adalah jika past continuous tense menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang
sedang berlangsung in the past, future continuous tense menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas
yang sedang berlangsung in the future. Pembicara tahu bahwa suatu kejadian/aktivitas akan
sedang berlangsung karena kejadian/aktivitas tersebut telah direncanakan (bukan karena
prediksi) atau karena merupakan regular happening/habitual action.
Untuk lebih memahami perbedaan antara kedua tensis ini, tulisan ini dibuat dengan
menggunakan konsep dan contoh-contoh pada past continuous tense. Dan tentu saja,
keterangan waktunya telah digeser dari past time menjadi future time.

Future Continuous Tense digunakan


1. Untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang akan sedang terjadi pada waktu yang spesifik
di masa depan. Spesifikasi waktu biasanya dinyatakan dengan jam (i.e. jam berapa kejadian
itu berlangsung). Sebagai ilustrasi, perhatikan contoh kalimat 1 di bawah. Sebagai seorang
ibu, saya tahu rutinitas putri saya. Jam 3 -5 belajar atau ngerjakan PR, jam 8-9 nonton TV, 9-
11 bejalar lagi. Karena sudah tahu persis rutinitas putri saya tersebut, saya berani bilang
bahwa pada jam 8.30 nanti, dia sedang nonton TV. Logika yang sama juga berlaku pada
contoh kalimat 2 8.
Contoh:
1. My daughter will be watching TV at eight thirty tonight. (Putri saya akan sedang nonton
TV jam 8.30 malam ini).
2. She will be copying the materials at 10 oclock this morning. (Dia akan sedang
memfotokopi materi jam 10 pagi ini). Asumsi, sekarang belum jam 10 pagi.
3. I will be discussing English with my classmates at 2 p.m. next Friday. (Saya akan sedang
mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kelas saya jam 2 sore Jumat depan).
4. I will be being busy at 8 oclock tomorrow morning. (Saya akan sedang sibuk jam 8 pagi
besok).
5. They will be being very happy at 9 oclock next Saturday night. (Mereka akan sedang
sangat bahagia jam 9 malam minggu depan). Asumsi, mereka baru jadian (pacaran).
6. This time next year, she will be studying Economics at the University of Toronto.(Bulan
ini tahun depan, dia akan sedang belajar/kuliah Ekonomi di Universitas Toronto).
7. They will be taking an English exam at 10 a.m. tomorrow. (Mereka akan sedang
mengikuti ujian bahasa Inggris jam 10 besok pagi).
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8. We will be watching a football game at 11 p.m. tonight. (Kami akan sedang nonton
pertandingan sepak bola jam 11 malam ini).

2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang sedang terjadi/berlangsung di masa depan, yang


terinterupsi oleh kejadian yang lain. Dalam hal ini, formulanya adalah sebagai berikut:
When + subject1 + simple present tense, subject2 + future continuous
Subject1 + future continuous + when + subject2 + simple present tense
Note: Kejadian/aktivitas yang menginterupsi dinyatakan dalam simple present tense dan
berfungsi sebagai keterangan waktu; Sisipkan tanda koma, jika letaknya mendahului future
continuous. Koma tidak diperlukan jika ditempatkan setelah future continuous.
Contoh:
1. When I arrive home, my daughter will be watching TV. (Ketika saya tiba di rumah, putri
saya akan sedang nonton TV). My daughter punya habit nonton TV.
2. When I call him tonight, he will be playing card with his friends. (Ketika saya telpon dia
malam ini, dia sedang main kartu dengan teman-temannya). He punya habit main kartu sama
teman-temannya tiap malam.
3. I will be waiting for you outside the class when you finish your exam. (Saya akan sedang
menunggu di luar kelas ketika kamu selesai ujian).
4. He will still be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see his mother when she
arrives home. (Dia akan masih sedang belajar di perpustakaan malam ini, jadi dia tidak akan
melihat ibunya ketika ibunya tiba di rumah).
5. When I go to her house on Saturday night, she will be being with her boyfriend. (Jika saya
pergi ke rumahnya malam minggu ini, dia akan sedang bersama dengan pacarnya).
REMEMBER: Hindari menggunakan keterangan waktu When + future tense.

3. Juga digunakan untuk menyatakan dua kejadian yang terjadi pada saat bersamaan di masa
depan.
Dalam hal ini, gunakan formula berikut:
While + subject1 + present continuous, subject2 + future continuous
Subject1 + future continuous + while + subject2 + present continuous
Contoh:
1. While I am typing another note tonight, my family will be watching TV in the family
room. (Sementara saya sedang mengetik catatan yang lain malam ini, keluarga saya akan
sedang nonton TV di ruang keluarga).
2. While the president is giving his speech, the audience will be listening to him
carefully. (Sementara presiden sedang berpidato, pemirsa/hadirin akan sedang
mendengarkannya dengan seksama).
3. Male students will be playing around while the female ones are chitchatting. (Murid laki-
laki akan sedang bermain-main sementara murid-murid wanita sedang ngobrol). Kapan
mereka belajar ya?
4. My roommate will be snoring loudly while I am studying. (Teman sekamar saya sedang
mendengkur keras sementara saya sedang belajar).
5. We will be smoking while others are drinking. (Kami akan sedang merokok sementara
yang lain akan sedang minum).
6. John will be washing dishes while Jane is making dinner. (John akan sedang mencuci
piring sementara Jane sedang masak untuk makan malam).
REMEMBER: Hindari menggunakan keterangan waktu While + future continous tense.
Tetapi, kalau keterangan waktunya tidak menggunakan while, barulah tiap clause dari
kejadian yang sedang berlangsung secara bersamaan ini dinyatakan dengan future continuous
tense.
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1. Sorry, we cant practice our band in my house tonight. My dad will be having his
colleagues
over and my brother will be studying for his final exam. (Maaf, kita tidak bisa latihan band
di rumah saya malam ini. Bapak saya akan sedang menjamu kolega-koleganya di rumah dan
kakak saya akan sedang belajar untuk ujian akhirnya.
2. The party will start at 8 pm. Ill get there around 9. When I get there, Budi and his band
will be performing. Some people will be dancing, some will be drinking and smoking, and
the others will be just talking. (Pestanya akan dimulai jam 8 malam. Saya akan tiba di sana
sekitar jam 9. Ketika saya tiba di sana, Budi dan bandnya akan sedang perform. Bebeerapa
orang akan sedang berdansa, beberapa akan sedang minum dan merokok, dan yang lainnya
akan sedang ngobrol saja).

4. Untuk menyatakan suatu hal atau kejadian yang diyakini/benar-benar akan segera terjadi.
Contoh:
1. I think the sun will be shining soon. (Saya kira matahari akan segera sedang bersinar).
2. Oh no! The clouds are very dark and thick. It will be raining soon. (Oh tidak! Awan sangat
gelap dan tebal. Akan segera sedang turun hujan).

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif dari kalimat dalam Future Continuous Tense dibuat dengan menambahkan
not setelah auxilliary will, atau setelah is/am/are, seperti yang terlihat dalam formula
berikut:

Subject + will + not + be + (verb1+ing) + object + modifier


Subject + [(is/am/are/) + not + going to] + be +(verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Note: Will not dapat dikontraksi menjadi wont.


Contoh:
1. My daughter will not be watching TV at eight thirty tonight. (Putri saya tidak akan sedang
nonton TV jam 8.30 malam ini).
2. She will not be copying the materials at 10 oclock this morning. (Dia tidak akan sedang
memfotokopi materi jam 10 pagi ini).
3. I will not be discussing English with my classmates at 2 p.m. next Friday. (Saya tidak
akan sedang mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kelas saya jam 2 sore Jumat
depan).
4. I will not be being busy at 8 oclock tomorrow morning. (Saya tidak akan sedang sibuk
jam 8 pagi besok).
5. They will not be being very happy at 9 oclock next Saturday night. (Mereka tidak akan
sedang sangat bahagia jam 9 malam minggu depan). Mereka baru saja bubaran.
6. This time next year, she wont be studying Economics at the University of Toronto.(Bulan
ini tahun depan, dia tidak akan sedang belajar/kuliah Ekonomi di Universitas Toronto).
7. They wont be taking an English exam at 10 a.m. tomorrow. (Mereka tidak akan sedang
mengikuti ujian bahasa Inggris jam 10 besok pagi).
8. We wont be watching a football game at 11 p.m. tonight. (Kami tidak akan sedang
nonton pertandingan sepak bola jam 11 malam ini). Dan seterusnya.

Future Perfect Tense

Subject + will + have + verb3 + object + modifier


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Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali will have grown rice crops by the end of next month. (Petani-petani di
Jati Bali akan telah bercocok tanam padi sebelum akhir bulan depan).
2. Some students will have conducted research on vegetative plant propagations forone year
when the next semester starts next month. (Beberapa siswa akan telah melakukan penelitian
pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif selama 1 tahun ketika semester berikutnya dimulai
bulan depan).
3. Transpiration will have started to increase before we measure it at 9 a.m. tomorrow.
(Transpirasi akan telah mulai meningkat sebelum kita mengukurnya jam 9 pagi besok).

Penggunaan Future Perfect Tense

Perhatikan pola dan ketiga contoh di atas! Apakah beda antara future perfect tense dengan
present perfect tense? Perbedaannya tidak banyak, bukan? Konsep penggunaannya hampir
sama dengan present perfect tense. Cuma, batas akhir dari kejadian/aktivitas untuk tensis ini
adalah future time, sedangkan batas akhir untuk present perfect tense adalah now.
Penggunaan future perfect tense, antara lain:
1. Untuk menyatakan prediksi bahwa kejadian/aktivitas akan sudah terjadi/sudah selesai
dilakukan sebelum atau hingga batas waktu tertentu di masa mendatang.
Note: Jika menggunakan time clause, nyatakan dalam simple present tense. Misalnya: when
the first half is over (pada contoh 2), by the time we get to the airport (pada contoh 3), etc.
Contoh:
1. By 3 oclock this afternoon, I will have finished reading this book. (Sebelum jam 3 sore
ini, saya akan sudah selesai membaca buku ini).
2. I think Barcelona will have scored three goals when the first half is over. (Saya kira
Barcelona akan telah cetak 3 goal ketika babak pertama berakhir).
3. This traffic is terrible. Were going to be late. By the time we get to the air port, dads
plane will have already arrived.
4. My dad is in the USA now but he will have been home when my mom gives birth next
month. (Papa di USA sekarang tetapi dia akan sudah berada di rumah sebelum mama
melahirkan bulan depan).
5. Joni will arrive home around midnight. By the time he gets home, I will have already
fallen asleep.

2. Untuk menyatakan prediksi bahwa kegiatan/aktivitas akan sudah terjadi/sudah selesai


dilakukan sebelum kejadian/aktivitas yang lain di masa mendatang. Note: Dalam kategori ini,
kedua aktivitas dilakukan oleh subject yang sama.
Contoh:
1. John will have traveled around the world before he gets married next year.
2. She will have read the entire book before she goes to campus this afternoon.
3. I will have eaten before I go to play badminton tonight.
4. He will have bought a gift before he goes to his girlfriends birthday party tonight.
5. He had already got married 5 times before he got married again last week. And, he is still
25years old. If he keeps getting married, he will have had more than 50 wives before he dies.

3. Untuk menyatakan bahwa kejadian/aktivitas akan terus terjadi/dilakukan sampai batas


waktu tertentu di masa mendatang.
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1. I arrived at school at 7 a.m. When my dad picks me up at 1 p.m., I will have been at school
for 6 hours. (Pada saat papa menjemput satu jam 1 sore, saya akan sudah berada di sekolah
selama 6 jam).
2. Its May 20 now. I have lived in this house for nine years or so. On August 17, I will have
lived in this house for 10 years sharp. (Saya sudah tinggal di rumah ini selama 9 tahun lebih.
Tanggal 17 Agustus, saya akan sudah tinggal di rumah ini tepat selama 10 tahun)
3. Its 9 p.m. I am going to bed now and get up at 5 a.m. When I get up, I will have slept for
8 hours.
4. When Mr. Dodi retires next month, he will have worked for this company for forty-five
years. (Pada saat Pak Dodi pensiun bulan depan, dia akan sudah bekerja pada perusahaan ini
selama 45 tahun).
5. Its 7 p.m now. She has been waiting for her boyfriend since an hour ago. He just called her
that he will arrive at 8 p.m. When he arrives, she will have waited for 2 hours.

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif kalimat Future Perfect Tense dibuat dengan menambahkan not setelah
auxilary will,
seperti terlihat pada pola berikut:

Subject + will + not + have + verb3 + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Because the book is very thick, I will not have finished reading this book by 3 oclock this
afternoon. (Karena bukunya sangat tebal, saya akan belum selesai membaca buku ini sebelum
jam 3 sore ini).
2. I think Barcelona will not have scored three goals when the first haft is over. Its opponent
is a good team too. (Saya kira Barcelona akan belum cetak 3 goal ketika babak pertama
berakhir. Lawannya tangguh juga).
3. We still have a lot of time. By the time we get to the air port, dads plane will not have
arrived yet. (Kita masih punya banyak waktu. Ketika kita tiba di airport, pesawat (yang
ditumpangi) papa akan belum tiba).
4. Due to an immigration documentation problem, my dad will not have been home when my
mom gives birth next month. (Karena ada masalah dokumen keimigrasian, papa saya akan
belum di rumah ketika mama melahirkan).
5. When Joni arrives home around midnight, I will not have fallen asleep yet.
6. John will not have traveled around the world yet when he gets married next year. Soalnya,
dia belum sempat kunjungi South Africaand south America.
7. Because its not enough time, she will not have read the entire book yet before she goes to
campus this afternoon.
8. I will not have eaten yet when I go to play badminton tonight.
9. He will not have bought a gift when he goes to his girlfriends birthday party tonight.
10. Although he has already got married 6 times and still young, he will not have hadmore
than 50 wives yet before he dies.
11. When my dad picks me up at 1 p.m., I will not have been at school for 10 hours yet.
12. I have lived in this house for nine years or so. In the next July, I will not have livedin this
house for 10 years yet. (Belum cukup 10 tahun Juli depan.
13. Its 9 p.m. I am going to bed now and get up at 5 a.m. When I get up, I will not have slept
for 10 hours yet.
10

14. When Mr. Dodi retires next month, he will not have worked for this company for
fiftyyears yet.
15. Its 7 p.m. now. She has been waiting for her boyfriend since an hour ago. He just called
her that he will arrive at 8 p.m. When he arrives, she will not have waited for 3 hours yet.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + will + have + been + ( verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali will have been growing rice crops for 40 years by the end of this year.
(Petani-petani di Jati Bali akan telah bercocok tanam padi selama 40 tahun sebelum tahun ini
berakhir).
2. Some students will have been conducting research on vegetative plant propagations for
one year when the next semester starts next month. (Beberapa siswa akan telah melakukan
penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif selama 1 tahun ketika semester berikutnya
dimulai bulan depan).
3. Transpiration will have been starting to increase for more than an hour when we measure
it at 9 a.m. tomorrow. (Transpirasi akan telah mulai meningkat selama lebih dari 1 jam ketika
kita mengukurnya jam 9 pagi besok).

Penggunaan Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Penggunaan future perfect continuous tense sama dengan penggunaan future perfect tense
kategori yang ketiga, yaitu: untuk menyatakan bahwa kejadian/aktivitas akan terus
terjadi/dilakukan sampai batas waktu tertentu di masa mendatang.
Perhatikan contoh pada future perfect tense kategori ketiga, berikut:
1. I arrived at school at 7 a.m. When my dad picks me up at 1 p.m., I will have been at school
for 6 hours.
2. I have lived in this house for nine years or so. On August 17, I will have lived in this house
for 10 years sharp.
3. Its 9 p.m. I am going to bed now and get up at 5 a.m. When I get up, I will have slept for
8 hours.
4. When Mr. Dodi retires next month, he will have worked for this company forty-five years.
5. Its 7 p.m. now. She has been waiting for her boyfriend since an hour ago. He just called
her that he will arrive at 8 p.m. When he arrives, she will have waited for 2 hours.
Dalam future perfect continuous tense, kelima kalimat ini menjadi:
1. I arrived at school at 7 a.m. When my dad picks me up at 1 p.m., I will have been being at
school for 6 hours.
2. I have lived in this house for nine years or so. On August 17, I will have been living in this
house for 10 years sharp.
3. Its 9 p.m. I am going to bed now and get up at 5 a.m. When I get up, I will have been
sleeping for 8 hours.
4. When Mr. Dodi retires next month, he will have been working for this company forty-five
years.
5. Its 7 p.m. now. She has been waiting for her boyfriend since an hour ago. He just called
her that he will arrive at 8 p.m. When he arrives, she will have been waiting for 2 hours.

Negative Form
11

Bentuk negatif kalimat Future Perfect Continuous Tense dibuat dengan menambahkan not
setelah auxilary will, seperti terlihat pada pola berikut,

Subject + will + not + have + been + (verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. When my dad picks me up at 1 p.m., I will not have been being at school for 10 hours yet.
2. I have lived in this house for nine years or so. In the next July, I will not have been living
in
this house for 10 years yet. (belum cukup 10 tahun Juli depan)
3. Its 9 p.m. I am going to bed now and get up at 5 a.m. When I get up, I will not have been
sleeping for 10 hours yet.
4. When Mr. Dodi retires next month, he will not have been working for this company for
fifty years yet.
5. Its 7 p.m. now. She has been waiting for her boyfriend since an hour ago. He just called
her that he will arrive at 8 p.m. When he arrives, she will not have been waiting for 3 hours
yet.

Past Future Tense

Subject + would + verb1+ object + modifier


Subject + [(was/were) going to] + verb1+ object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali would grow rice crops last month. (Petani-petani di Jati Bali akan
bercocok tanam padi bulan lalu).
2. Some students would conduct research on vegetative plant propagations last semester.
(Beberapa siswa akan melakukan penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif semester
lalu).
3. Transpiration would start to increase at 8 a.m. this morning. (Transpirasi akan mulai
meningkat jam 8 tadi pagi).

Penggunaan Past Future Tense

Pada prinsipnya, past future tense mirip dengan simple future tense dan ketentuan-ketentuan
yang berlaku pada simple future tense umumnya juga berlaku pada past future tense. Tetapi,
karena bergulirnya waktu, simple future tense bergeser dari future time ke past time menjadi
past future tense. Untuk menjelaskan ini, di sini akan digunakan konsep dan contoh-contoh
pada future tense. Past Future Tense, seperti halnya simple future tense, dapat digunakan
dalam 5 kategori, yaitu:
1. Untuk menyatakan kembali kejadian/aktivitas yang pernah diprediksi akan
terjadi/dilakukan pada saat tertentu di masa lampau.
Untuk memahami perbedaann past future tense dengan simple future tense, mari kita
perhatikan contoh-contoh kalimat yang diberikan pada simple future tense berikut ini:
1. According to the weather forecast, it will rain tomorrow. (Menurut ramalam cuaca, hujan
akan turun besok).
2. None of us have done the homework the teacher told us to do. He will be very
disappointed when he finds out.
3. Ronny is going to come to my house at 7 oclock tonight. I think Jeny, Ronnys
girlfriend,will come too.
12

4. I will probably see Janet at the cafeteria at lunch.


5. The damage we do to our forest today will result in severe catastrophes sooner or later in
the future.
Perhatikan contoh 1 di atas dan anggap saja sekarang adalah tanggal 2 Mei!
According to the weather forecast, it will rain tomorrow. (Menurut ramalam cuaca, hujan
akan turun besok).
Dalam bahasa Indonesia, kalimat ini juga berarti:
Menurut ramalan cuaca, hujan akan turun tanggal 3 Mei.
Kemudian, karena waktu terus bergulir, anggap sekarang sudah tanggal 4 Mei. Berarti, yang
diprediksi tadi (i.e. hujan akan turun) sudah dalam past time, yaitu kemarin. Jadi prediksi
tadi harus dinyatakan dalam past future tense menjadi:
1. According to the weather forecast, it would rain yesterday. Atau, According to the weather
forecast, it was going to rain yesterday. Dan begitu juga dengan kalimat-kalimat 2-5 di atas
seiring dengan bergulirnya waktu berturut-turut akan menjadi:
2. We thought that he would be very disappointed when we didnt do the homework two days
ago. Atau, We thought that he was going to be very disappointed when we didnt do the
homework two days ago.
3. Ronny came to my house at 7 p.m. two days ago. I thought Jeny, Ronnys girlfriend,would
come too but she didnt. Atau, I thought Jeny, Ronnys girlfriend, was going to come too but
she didnt.
4. I would probably see Janet at the cafeteria at lunch. Atau, I was probably going to see
Janet at the cafeteria at lunch.
5. The damage we do to our forest today will result in severe catastrophes sooner or later in
the future.
Note: Jika yang diprediksi pada saat pengungkapan kembali masih in future time, (dalam
analogi di atas, masih belum tanggal 4 Mei), tetap gunakan simple future tense. (Lihat contoh
5 di atas dan contoh 4 di bawah).

2. Untuk menyatakan kembali kejadian/aktivitas yang direncanakan akan terjadi/dilakukan


pada saat tertentu di masa lampau.
Dengan menggunakan analogi pada kategori 1, kalimat dalam simple future tense berikut:
1. Ronny is going to come to my house at 7 oclock tonight.
2. He has an appointment. He is going to meet his business partner at noon.
3. I am going to go to the shopping. Do you want to go with me?
4. The next world cup championship is going to be held in South Africa in 2010.
5. He is going to leave for Bali tomorrow morning.
seiring dengan berulirnya waktu akan dinyatakan dalam past future tense menjadi:
1. Ronny was going to come to my house at 7 p.m. two days ago but he couldnt come
because of the pouring rain. Atau, Ronny would come to my house at 7 p.m. two days ago but
he couldnt come because of the pouring rain.
2. He was going to meet his business partner at noon two days ago but he suddenly got sick
just half an hour before the meeting. Atau, He would meet his business partner at noon two
days ago but he suddenly got sick just half an hour before the meeting.
3. I was going to go to the shopping mall when I asked whether you wanted to go with me
two days ago. Atau, I would go to the shopping mall when I asked whether you wanted to go
with me two days ago.
4. The next world cup championship is going to be held in South Africa in 2010. Kalimat ini
tidak berubah karena aktivitas dari yang direncanakan masih akan dilakukan tahun depan.
5. He was going to leave for Bali yesterday morning but the flight was cancelled. Atau, He
would leave for Bali yesterday morning but the flight was cancelled.
13

Note: a). Dalam past future tense, pola yang pertama juga bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan
rencana.
b). Jika yang direncanakan itu terjadi/dilakukan, maknanya sudah berubah menjadi
kejadian/aktivitas yang terjadi in the past (past tense) atau sedang berlangsung in the past
(past continuous tense), tergantung keterangan waktunya.
1. Ronny was being at my house at 7 p.m. two days ago. (Ronny sedang di rumah saya jam 7
malam 2 hari lalu).
2. He was meeting his business partner at noon two days ago. (Dia sedang meeting dengan
rekan bisnisnya jam 12 siang dua hari lalu).
3. I went to the shopping mall two days ago. (Saya pergi ke shopping mall 2 hari lalu).
4. He left for Bali yesterday morning. (Dia berangkat ke Bali kemarin pagi).

3. Untuk membuat main clause unreal conditionals tipe 1, yaitu conditional yang faktanya
dalam simple present tense atau simple future tense.
1. If I were you, I would study harder. (Jika saya adalah kamu, saya akan belajar lebih giat).
2. The crops would not fail to produce if the rain fell. (Tanaman-tanaman tidak akan gagal
berproduksi jika hujan turun).
3. They would not need to lime the soil if it were not acidic. (Mereka tidak akan perlu
mengapur tanah jika tanah tersebut tidak masam).
4. Untuk membuat kalimat tak langsung (indirect speech), jika kalimat langsungnya
menggunakan simple future tense.
Contoh:
1. My boyfriend told me that he would marry me. (Pacar saya berkata kepada saya bahwa
dia akan mengawini saya).
2. An agronomist said that the soil would be more productive if we fertilized it. (Seorang ahli
agronomi bilang bahwa tanah akan lebih produktif jika kita memupuknya).
3. Dean made an announcement that the final exams would be started in two weeks. (Dekan
mengumumkan bahwa ujian-ujian akhir akan dimulai dua minggu mendatang).
5. Untuk membuat request atau command menjadi lebih formal atau lebih sopan. Note: would
lebih formal/sopan dibandingkan will.
Contoh:
1. Would you turn down the TV volume, please! Its too loud. (Tolong kecilkan volume TV.
Volumenya terlalu keras).
2. I didnt go to school yesterday, so would you please lend me your note? (Saya tidak
sekolah kemarin. Tolong pinjami saya catatan kamu?).
3. If youre free, would you go to see a movie with me tonight? (Jika kamu tidak sibuk,
maukah kamu nonton film dengan saya malam ini?).

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif Past Future Tense adalah dengan menambahkan not seelah would atau setelah
be (was/were) seperti terlihat pada pola berikut:

Subject + would + not + verb1+ object + modifier


Subject + [(was/were) + not + going to] + verb1+ object + modifier

Contoh:
1. According to the weather forecast, it would not rain yesterday.
2. We thought that he wouldnt be very happy when we didnt do the homework.
3. Ronny came to my house at 7 p.m. two days ago. I thought Jeny, Ronnys
14

girlfriend,wouldnt come but she did.


4. I wouldnt probably see Janet at the cafeteria at lunch.
5. Ronny wasnt going to come to my house at 7 p.m. two days ago.
6. He wasnt going to meet his business partner at noon two days ago.
7. I wasnt going to go to the shopping when I met you two days ago.
8. He wasnt going to leave for Bali yesterday morning

Past Future Continuous Tense

Subject + would + be +( verb1+ing) + object + modifier


Subject + [(was/were) going to] + be + (verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali would be growing rice crops at 9 a.m. yesterday. (Petani-petani di Jati
Bali akan sedang menanam padi jam 9 pagi kemarin).
2. Some students were going to be conducting research on vegetative plant propagations
when I go to the agronomy laboratory last week. (Beberapa siswa akan sedang melakukan
penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif ketika saya pergi ke lab. agronmy dua hari
depan).
3. Transpiration would be starting to increase at 8 a.m. this morning. (Transpirasi akan
sedang mulai meningkat jam 8 pagi ini).

Penggunaan Past Future Continuous Tense

Penggunaan past future continuous tense pada prinsipnya sama dengan future continuous
tense. Yang membedakan adalah jika future continuous tense menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas
yang akan sedang berlangsung in the future, past future continuous tense menyatakan
kejadian/aktivitas yang akan sedang berlangsung in the past. Dengan kata lain, past future
continuous tense adalah mengungkapkan kembali prediksi atau rencana yang akan sedang
terjadi/dilakukan, dan prediksi/rencana tersebut sekarang sudah bergeser dari future time ke
past time. Untuk lebih memahami perbedaan antara kedua tensis ini, silakan gunakan kembali
analogi yang digunakan pada past future tense. Tulisan ini juga dibuat dengan menggunakan
konsep dan contoh-contoh pada future continuous tense. Perhatikan dan bandingkan
perbedaan waktunya.
Past Future Continuous Tense digunakan:
1. Untuk menyatakan kembali kejadian/aktivitas yang diprediksi/direncanakan akan sedang
terjadi/dilakukan pada waktu yang spesifik di masa lampau. Note: Spesifikasi waktu biasanya
dinyatakan dengan menyatakan jam (i.e. jam berapa kejadian/aktivitas itu
diprediksi/direncanakan akan berlangsung/dilakukan) dan time clause.
Contoh:
1. My daughter would be watching TV at eight oclock last night. (Putri saya akan sedang
nonton TV jam 8 tadi malam).
2. She would be copying the materials at 10 oclock this morning. (Dia akan sedang
memfotokopi materi jam 10 pagi ini). Asumsi, sekarang sudah lewat jam 10 pagi.
3. I would be discussing English with my classmates at 2 p.m. last Friday. (Saya akan sedang
mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kelas saya jam 2 sore Jumat lalu).
4. I would be being busy at 8 oclock yesterday morning. (Saya akan sedang sibuk jam 8
pagi kemarin).
5. They would be being very happy at 9 oclock last Saturday night. (Mereka akan sedang
sangat bahagia jam 9 malam minggu lalu).
15

6. This time last year, she would be studying Economics at the University of Toronto. (Bulan
ini tahun lalu, dia akan sedang belajar/kuliah Ekonomi di Universitas Toronto).
7. They would be taking an English exam at 10 a.m. yesterday. (Mereka akan sedang
mengikuti ujian bahasa Inggris jam 10 pagi kemarin).
8. We would be watching a football game at 11 p.m. last night. (Kami akan sedang nonton
pertandingan sepak bola jam 11 tadi malam).

2. Untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang yang direncanakan akan sedang


terjadi/berlangsung di masa lampau, yang terinterupsi oleh kejadian yang lain. Dalam hal ini,
formulanya adalah sebagai berikut:
When + subject1 + simple past, subject2 + past future continuous
Subject1+ past future continuous + when + subject2 +simple past
Note: Kejadian/aktivitas yang menginterupsi dinyatakan dalam simple past tense dan
berfungsi sebagai keterangan waktu; Sisipkan tanda koma, jika letaknya sebelum past future
continuous.
Namun, koma tidak diperlukan jika ditempatkan setelah past future continuous.
Contoh:
1. When I arrived home last night, my daughter would be watching TV. (Ketika saya tiba di
rumah tadi malam, putri saya akan sedang nonton TV).
2. When I called him last night, he would be playing card with his friends. (Ketika saya
telpon dia tadi malam, dia sedang main kartu dengan teman-temannya).
3. I would be waiting for you outside the class when you finished your exam. (Saya akan
sedang menunggu di luar kelas ketika kamu selesai ujian).
4. He would still be studying at the library tonight, so he would not see his mother when she
arrived home. (Dia akan masih sedang belajar di perpustakaan malam ini, jadi dia tidak akan
melihat ibunya ketika ibunya tiba di rumah).
5. When I went to her house on last Saturday night, she would be being with her boyfriend.
(Jika saya pergi ke rumahnya malam minggu lalu, dia akan sedang bersama dengan
pacarnya).

3. Untuk menyatakan dua kejadian/aktivitas yang diprediksi atau direncanakan akan sedang
terjadi/dilakukan pada saat bersamaan di masa lampau. Dalam hal ini, gunakan formula
berikut:
While + subject1 + past future continuous, subject2 + past future continuous
Subject1 + future continuous + while + subject2 + future continuous
Contoh:
1. While I would be typing another note last night, my family would be watching TV in the
family room. (Sementara saya sedang mengetik catatan yang lain tadi malam, keluarga saya
akan sedang nonton TV di ruang keluarga).
2. While the president would be giving his speech last Monday, the audience would be
listening to him carefully. (Sementara presiden sedang berpidato Senin lalu, pemirsa/hadirin
akan sedang mendengarkannya dengan seksama).
3. Male students would be playing around while the female ones would be chitchatting.
4. My roommate would be snoring loudly while I would be studying. (Teman sekamar saya
sedang mendengkur keras sementara saya sedang belajar).
5. We would be smoking while others would be drinking. (Kami akan sedang merokok
sementara yang lain akan sedang minum).
6. John would be washing dishes while Jane would be making dinner. (John akan sedang
mencuci piring sedangkan Jane akan sedang masak untuk makan malam).
7. My dad would be having his colleagues over while my brother would be studying for his
16

final exam last Sunday. (Bapak saya akan sedang menjamu kolega-koleganya di rumah
sementara kakak saya akan sedang belajar untuk ujian akhirnya).

4. Untuk menyatakan kembali suatu hal atau kejadian/aktivitas yang diyakini/benar-benar


akan segera terjadi di masa lampau.
Contoh:
1. I thought the sun would be shining soon. (Saya kira matahari akan segera sedang
bersinar).
2. Because the clouds were very dark and thick yesterday, we believed it would be raining
soon. (Karena awannya sangat gelap dan tebal, kita yakin huja akan segera turun).

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif dari kalimat dalam past future continuous tense dibuat dengan menambahkan
not setelah auxilliary would, atau setelah be was/were, seperti yang terlihat dalam pola
berikut:

Subject + would + not + be + (verb1+ing) + object + modifier


Subject + [(was/were) + not + going to] + be +(verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Note: Would not dapat dikontraksi menjadi wouldnt.


Contoh:
1. My daughter would not be watching TV at eight oclock last night. (Putri saya tidak akan
sedang nonton TV jam 8 tadi malam).
2. She would not be copying the materials at 10 oclock this morning. (Dia tidak akan sedang
memfotokopi materi jam 10 pagi ini). Asumsi, sekarang sudah lewat jam 10 pagi.
3. I would not be discussing English with my classmates at 2 p.m. last Friday. (Saya tidak
akan sedang mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman kelas saya jam 2 sore Jumat
lalu).
4. I would not be being busy at 8 oclock yesterday morning. (Saya tidak akan sedang sibuk
jam 8 pagi kemarin).
5. They would not be being very happy at 9 oclock last Saturday night. (Mereka tidak akan
sedang sangat bahagia jam 9 malam minggu lalu). Mereka baru saja bubaran sehari
sebelumnya.
6. This time last year, she wouldnt be studying Economics at the University of Toronto.
(Bulan ini tahun lalu, dia tidak akan sedang belajar/kuliah Ekonomi di Universitas Toronto).
7. They wouldnt be taking an English exam at 10 a.m. yesterday. (Mereka tidak akan sedang
mengikuti ujian bahasa Inggris jam 10 pagi kemarin).
8. We wouldnt be watching a football game at 11 p.m. last night (Kami tidak akan sedang
nonton pertandingan sepak bola jam 11 tadi malam). Dan seterusnya.

Past Future Perfect Tense

Subject + would + have + verb3 + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali would have grown rice crops by the end of last month. (Petani-petani
di Jati Bali akan telah bercocok tanam padi sebelum akhir bulan lalu).
17

2. Some students would have conducted research on vegetative plant propagations for one
year when the semester started last month. (Beberapa siswa akan telah melakukan penelitian
pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif selama 1 tahun ketika semester berikutnya dimulai
bulan lalu).
3. Transpiration would have started to increase before we measured it at 9 a.m. yesterday.
(Transpirasi akan telah mulai meningkat sebelum kita mengukurnya jam 9 pagi kemarin).

Penggunaan Past Future Perfect Tense

Past future perfect tense pada prinsipnya adalah pengungkapan kembali kejadian/aktivitas
yang dinyatakan dengan future perfect tense, yang keterangan waktunya telah bergeser dari
future time ke past time. Karena kedua tensis ini mirip, posting ini menggunakan konsep dan
contoh-contoh kalimat pada future perfect tense. Perhatikan dan bandingkan perubahan
predikat dan keterangan waktunya.
Gunakan analogi pada past future tense jika masih bingung. Are you ready? Lets get started.
Past Future Perfect Tense digunakan:
1. Untuk menyatakan kembali kejadian/aktivitas yang pernah diprediksi atau direncanakan
akan sudah terjadi/sudah selesai dilakukan sebelum atau hingga batas waktu tertentu di masa
lampau.
Note: Pada umumnya, tensis ini diawali oleh clause yang mengandung makna prediksi,
ekspektasi atau rencana. Verbs yang digunakan antara lain: think, hope, expect, plan, intend,
assume, etc.
Contoh:
1. I predicted that by 3 p.m. yesterday, I would have finished reading this book. (Saya
berharap bahwa sebelum jam 3 sore kemarin, saya akan sudah selesai membaca buku ini).
2. I thought Barcelona would have scored three goals when the first half was over. Because
its opponent was tough, however, it didnt score even a single goal. (Saya kira Barcelona
akan telah cetak 3 goal ketika babak pertama berakhir. Namun karena lawannya tangguh,
Barcelona bahkan tidak cetak goal sama sekali).
3. Because of the terrible traffic we knew that dads plane would have already arrived by the
time we got to the airport yesterday.
4. My dad planned that he would have been home when my mom gave birth last month. He
didnt make it though because he had an immigration documentation problem.
5. I thought I would have already fallen asleep by the time Joni got home last night. I dont
know why I was still awake when he did.
Note: Jika pada future perfect tense, time clause dinyatakan dalam simple present tense,
pada tensis ini dinyatakan dengan simple past tense. Misalnya: when the first half was over
(pada contoh 2), by the time we got to the airport (pada contoh 3), etc.

2. Untuk menyatakan kembali kegiatan/aktivitas yang pernah diprediksi atau direncanakan


akan sudah terjadi/sudah selesai dilakukan sebelum kejadian/aktivitas yang lain di masa
lampau. Note: Dalam kategori ini, kedua aktivitas dilakukan oleh subject yang sama. Coba
bandingkan dengan past perfect tense kategori kedua!
Contoh:
1. I assumed that John would have traveled around the world before he got married last
year.
2. She thought that she would have read the entire book before she went to campus
yesterday afternoon.
3. I predicted that I would already have had enough time to eat before I played badminton
last night.
18

4. They thought he would have already bought a gift before he went to his girlfriends
birthday party last night.
5. I once predicted that he would have had more than 50 wives before he died. I was wrong.
He turned out to be a very loving husband long time before he died last week.
Note: already bisa ditempatkan setelah would atau setelah have.

3. Untuk menyatakan kembali bahwa kejadian/aktivitas akan terus terjadi/dilakukan sampai


batas waktu tertentu di masa lampau.
Contoh:
1. I thought I would have been at school only for 6 hours yesterday. In fact, I had to wait for
another hour because my dads car broke down on the way to the school.
2. I was completely sure that on August 17, I would have lived in this house for 10 years
sharp.
3. I expected that I would have slept for 8 hours last night but I was awoken by my
neighbors long big fight at 1 a.m. It was very loud and I couldnt fall asleep till morning.
4. It was predicted that when Mr. Dodi retired last month, he would have worked for this
company for forty-five years.
5. She never expected that she would have waited for her boyfriend for 2 hours last night.

4. Untuk membuat main clause unreal conditionals tipe 2, yaitu jika faktanya dalam past
future tense atau simple past tense.
Contoh:
1. If you had told me about the todays exam, I would have studied hard last night. (Jika
kamu kasi tahu saya bahwa akan ada ujian hari ini, saya akan telah belajar keras tadi malam).
2. If you had not passed the English I, you would not have been allowed to take the
English II. (Jika kamu belum lulus bahasa Inggris I, kamu tidak akan diijinkan untuk
mengambil mata kuliah bahasa Inggris II ini).
3. He wouldnt have got an accident, if he had not driven fast. (Dia tidak akan telah
mengalami kecelakaan, jika dia tidak ngebut).
4. If my parents hadnt got divorced, I wouldve been much happier. (Jika orang tua saya
tidak bercerai, saya akan jauh lebih bahagia).
5. If I hadnt got a scholarship, I wouldnt have been able to afford the school expenses.
(Jika saya tidak dapat beasiswa, saya tidak akan mampu membayar biaya-biaya sekolah).

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif Past Future Perfect Tense mengikuti pola berikut:

Subject + would + not + have + verb3+ object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Because of its thickness, I knew that I would not have finished reading it by 3 p.m.
yesterday.
2. I never thought that Barcelona wouldnt have scored even a single goal when the first half
was over.
3. We expected that dads plane wouldnt have arrived yet by the time we got to the air port
yesterday. But we were late because the traffic was so terrible.
4. Because of an immigration documentation problem, my dad knew that he wouldnt have
been home when my mom gave birth last month.
5. I hoped that when Joni arrived home last night, I would not have fallen asleep yet.
19

6. I assumed that John wouldnt have traveled around the world before he got married last
year.
7. She thought that she wouldnt have read the entire book before she went to campus
yesterday afternoon.
8. I predicted that I wouldnt have had enough time to eat before I played badminton last
night.
9. They thought he wouldnt have bought a gift before he went to his girlfriends birthday
party last night.
10. I once predicted that he wouldnt have had more than 50 wives before he died.
11. I thought I wouldnt have been at school for 7 hours yesterday.
12. I was completely sure that on August 17, I wouldnt have lived in this house for 10 years
yet.
13. I expected that I wouldnt have slept for 4 hours last night.
14. It was predicted that when Mr. Dodi retired last month, he wouldnt have worked for
this company for fifty years.
15. She expected that she wouldnt have waited for her boyfriend for 2 hours last night.

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + would + have + been + ( verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. Farmers in Jati Bali would have been growing rice crops for 40 years by the end of last
month. (Petani-petani di Jati Bali akan telah bercocok tanam padi selama 40 tahun sebelum
akhir bulan lalu).
2. Some students would have been conducting research on vegetative plant propagations for
one year when the semester started last month. (Beberapa siswa akan telah melakukan
penelitian pada perbanyakan tanaman vegetatif selama 1 tahun ketika semester dimulai bulan
lalu).
3. Transpiration would have been starting to increase for more than an hour when we
measured it at 9 a.m. yesterday. (Transpirasi akan telah mulai meningkat selama lebih dari 1
jam ketika kita mengukurnya jam 9 pagi kemarin).

Penggunaan Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Penggunaan past future perfect continuous tense sama dengan penggunaan past future perfect
tense kategori yang ketiga, yaitu untuk menyatakan bahwa kejadian/aktivitas akan terus
terjadi/dilakukan sampai batas waktu tertentu di masa lampau.
Perhatikan contoh pada past future perfect tense kategori ketiga berikut:
1. I thought I would have been at school only for 6 hours yesterday. In fact, I had to wait for
another hour because my dads car broke down on the way to the school.
2. I was completely sure that on August 17, I would have lived in this house for 10 years
sharp.
3. I expected that I would have slept for 8 hours last night but I was awoken by my
neighbors long big fight at 1 a.m. It was very loud and I couldnt fall asleep till morning.
4. It was predicted that when Mr. Dodi retired last month, he would have worked for
this company for forty-five years.
5. She never expected that she would have waited for her boyfriend for 2 hours last night.
Dalam past future perfect continuous tense, kelima kalimat ini menjadi:
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1. I thought I would have been being at school only for 6 hours yesterday. In fact, I had to
wait for another hour because my dads car broke down on the way to the school.
2. I was completely sure that on August 17, I would have been living in this house for 10
years sharp.
3. I expected that I would have been sleeping for 8 hours last night but I was awoken by my
neighbors long big fight at 1 a.m. It was very loud and I couldnt fall asleep till morning.
4. It was predicted that when Mr. Dodi retired last month, he would have been working for
this company for forty-five years.
5. She never expected that she would have been waiting for her boyfriend for 2 hours last
night.

Negative Form

Bentuk negatif Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense adalah dengan menambahkan kata
bantu NOT setelah auxilliary WOULD seperti terlihat pada formula berikut:

Subject + would + not + have + been + (verb1+ing) + object + modifier

Contoh:
1. I thought I wouldnt have been being at school for 7 hours yesterday.
2. I was completely sure that on August 17, I wouldnt have been living in this house for 10
years yet.
3. I expected that I wouldnt have been sleeping for 4 hours last night.
4. It was predicted that when Mr. Dodi retired last month, he wouldnt have been working for
this company for fifty years.
5. She expected that she wouldnt have been waiting for her boyfriend for 2 hours last night.
Note: Seperti dituliskan dalam kelima contoh di atas, would + not dapat dikontraksi menjadi
wouldnt.

BAB 3

PENUTUP
21

3.1 SIMPULAN
Simple Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas yang akan
terjadi/dilakukan di waktu yang akan datang, apakah 10 menit atau 1 jam yang akan
datang, besok, lusa, minggu depan, bulan depan, tahun depan, dan seterusnya. Jika past
tense menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas setelah now (past time), simple future tense
menyatakan kejadian/aktivitas sebelum now (future time).

3.2 SARAN
Dalam pembuatan makalah ini penulis mengharapkan pembaca dapat mengetahui
tentang simple future tense dan penulis juga mengharapkan kritik dan saran dari pembaca
demi kesempurnaan makalah ini.

21PUSTAKA
DAFTAR

Nahdy. 2012. Tenses (online) nahdy.student.umm.ac.id/files/2012/02/Tenses.doc. Diakses


pada hari Rabu Tanggal 18 Januari 2012 pukul 08.30 WIB
22

Annonimus. 2012. Tenses (online) http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar /tenses.


Diakses pada hari Rabu Tanggal 18 Januari 2012 pukul 08.15 WIB