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UNIT ONE

I Like This place


Mata Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Satuan Pendidikan : SMP
Kelas/Semester : VIII/1
Standar Kompetensi
A. Mendengarkan
Memahami makna dalam percakapan transaksional dan interpersonal pendek sederhana untuk
berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar
Memahami makna dalam teks lisan fungsional dan monolog pendek sederhana berbentuk
descriptive untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.
B. Berbicara
Mengungkapkan makna dalam percakapan transaksional dan interpersonal lisan pendek sederhana
untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.
Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks lisan fungsional dan monolog pendek sederhana berbentuk
descriptive untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.
C. Membaca
Memahami makna dalam esai pendek sederhana berbentuk berbentuk descriptive untuk berinteraksi
dengan lingkungan sekitar.
D. Menulis
Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks tulis fungsional dan esei sederhana berbentuk descriptive untuk
berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.

Materi Pembelajaran:
A. Speech functions : Carrying out transactional or interpersonal conversation involving expressions of :
Asking for, giving or refusing for services/goods
Accepting or refusing facts
Asking for opinion or giving opinion.
B. Monolog : Listen Tell, read and write various descriptive texts
C. Short Functional text : Read and write short functional text (Short Message)
D. Language features : Possessive pronoun , compound adjectives, Simple present, relating
Verbs, noun phrase

PART 1
SPOKEN ACTIVITIES

A.. Speech Functions (Listening and Speaking)


A.1.1. Asking for, giving or refusing for services/goods/helps

Activity 1.
Learn the dialog
Mita, Can you
type this report With pleasure,
for me? Sir

3
Can you help me, Im sorry, but I cant.
please. Write a I have to finish my
letter to this own letter.
company.

Activity 2.
Learn the following and read the expressions aloud.
Asking for some help.
Can you help me, please?
Help me please
Will/would you bring this box, (please)?
Would you mind passing me the sugar, (please)?
Would you like to open the door, (please)?

Offering for some help/service/goods


Is there anything I can do for you?
What can I do to help you?
May I help (you)?
Would you like any help?
Let me help you
Can I help (you)?
Here are some money for you
This is my ..for you, take it!.
Anything else?
Can I get something for you?

Refusing to give some help/services/goods


Im so sorry, but I cant
Im sorry. I dont think I could
Actually, I want to helpbut..

Refusing an offer of some help/services/goods


No, thank you
I cant take it. Sorry
No, dont bother, really.
Thats very kind of you, but I can handle it by myself

Granting for request


Sure
All right
With pleasure
No problem.
Here you are
Certainly
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OK, right away
Activity 3.
Lets practice using the expression. In pairs, make a dialog based on the following situations
1. Your friend is very busy. He forgets to pay his school tuition to the administration office . He asks your help.
You accept it.
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________

2. You want to take a picture. Unfortunately, your cameral doesnt work well. You tell to your friend. He lends
his digital camera for you. You accept it
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________

3. When you are on the way home after school . You see your friend waiting for the taxi. You offer a ride but
he/she refuses it.
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________
You : _______________________________________________________________
Your partner : _______________________________________________________________

A.1.2. Accepting or refusing facts


Activity 4
Learn the dialog

Michael
Thats right.
Schumacher is a
He is the one.
great racer, isnt
he?

5
Monas Jakarta is the
highest building at No, As I know
South East Asia, Petronas Tower at
isnt it? Kuala Lumpur is
the highest one.

Activity 5
Learn the following and read the expressions aloud.
Accepting fact
Yes
Thats right
Thats true
Absolutely correct

Refusing fact
No
Thats not true
Thats not correct
It is not right

Activity 6.
Fill in the blank with suitable expression

1. Teguh : How do you think about Borobudur temple?


Winestri : I think it is the biggest temple in the world.
Teguh : ..

2. Bagyanto : Do you know where Eiffel Tower is?


Swetika : I think it is in England
Yanto : .. It is in Paris France

3. X : How do you think about our new teacher?


Y : I think he is very handsome and smart.
Z : and I also like his way in teaching

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A.1.3. Asking for opinion and giving opinion
Activity 7
Observe the dialogue on the picture I personally think
that computer
What do you think of lesson is
computer lesson at necessary
school. Is it really because
necessary?

Activity 8
Learn the following expression of opinion

Getting others people opinion Expressing opinion


Is that right (true) that I personally believe
What do you think of . I personally think ..
Whats your opinion? I personally feel
Please give me your frank opinion . In my opinion
Do you have any idea? From my point of view..
Do you think it is going To my mind .

Activity 9
Fill in the blank with suitable expressions of getting ones opinion or expressing opinion
1. Mandy : What do you think of my music?
Moore : your music is to slow. You must make it a bit harder
2. Agnes : I dont know how to fix my monitor. Do you have any idea?
Monica : .. that the technician at computer store can do it.
3. Kenny : My Suzuki motorcycle is faster than your . ..?
Max Biaggi : To my mind it is correct that yours is faster than mine. But, let see at race..
4. Donald : about my new wife. Is she pretty enough for me?
Trump : Well, personally I dont like her.
5. Sandy : The children are crying all day long. .?
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Harun : Their mother punishes them because they steal her money.
Activity 10
Make a dialogue using expression of getting ones opinion and expression opinion based on the
Situation given.
1. Your brothers car was broken. He asked you which car reparation is the best.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .
2. Your sister is ill. Your mother asks your opinion about the best doctor to visit.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .
3. Rinas mark on English is always low. She asks your opinion how to learn English effectively.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .
4. Budi is a talented student. But he confuses what kind of school activity must he follow`.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

A.2. Listening
Activity 11
Listen to the following description, then answer the questions below.
Text 1 is for question number 1 to 3
01. Where did Columbus come from?
a. Spaniard
b. Spain
c. Spend

02. In what year did he start sail around the world?


a. 1942
b. 1429
c. 1292

03. What did people believe about the shape of earth at Columbus time?
a. round
b. flat
c. triangle

Text 2 is for question number 4 to 6

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04. Where did Beethoven come from?
a. German
b. Germany
c. Germanium
05. How old was Beethoven when he completely deaf?
a. 22
b. 32
c. 42

06. What is Beethoven?


a. a musician
b. a technician
c. a pilot

Text 3 is for question number 7 to 10.


07. Where did Pasteur come from?
a. French
b. France
c. Fresh

08. What was Louis Pasteur?


a. a chemical
b. a chemist
c. a chemistry

09. He found that most of modern disease are caused by..


a. big organism
b. germs
c. worm

10. In what year was he born?


a. 1288
b. 1282
c. 1822

A.3. Vocabulary Building


Activity 12
Match the words with the body parts by drawing a straight line. Look at the example given

Waist Hair
Buttock Chest
Back Forehead
Shoulder Stomach
Legs Wrist
Head Lips
Hand Nose
Eyes Mouth
Cheeks Eye brow
Arms Ear

Activity 13.
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Look at the picture . Then answer the questions

1. How does this man look like?


_________________________________________
2. How old is he?
_________________________________________
3. How is his complexion?
_________________________________________
4. How is his figure?
_________________________________________
5. How is his height?
_________________________________________

Activity 14.
Read the following words aloud and find their meanings in your dictionary
A. Looks Meanings
1. ugly : _____________________
2. sexy : _____________________
3. plain : _____________________
4. charming : _____________________
5. cute : _____________________
6. pretty : _____________________
7. handsome : _____________________
8. cool : _____________________
9. beautiful : _____________________
10. attractive : _____________________

B. Age Meanings
1. old : _____________________
2. eldery : _____________________
3. young : _____________________
4. middle-aged : _____________________
5. young : _____________________

C. Complexion
1. dark : _____________________
2. fair : _____________________
3. black : _____________________

D. Figure Meanings
1. stocky : _____________________
2. fat : _____________________
3. big : _____________________
4. slender : _____________________
5. plump : _____________________
6. slim : _____________________
7. small : _____________________
8. skinny : _____________________
9. muscular : _____________________
10. obese : _____________________

D. Height Meanings
1. tall : _____________________
2. short : _____________________
3. average height : _____________________
Activity 15.
10
Look at the pictures then describe their physical features
01.
Looks : ________________________
Age : ________________________
Complexion : ________________________
Figure : ________________________
Height : ________________________

02.

Looks : ________________________
Age : ________________________
Complexion : ________________________
Figure : ________________________
Height : ________________________

Looks : ________________________
Age : ________________________
Complexion : ________________________
03. Figure : ________________________
Height : ________________________
Looks : ________________________
Age : ________________________
Complexion : ________________________
Figure : ________________________
Height : ________________________

Activity 16.
Look at the picture then answer the questions
1. How is his hair?
__________________________________________________
2. how is his face?
__________________________________________________
3. how is his eyes?
__________________________________________________
4. How is his nose?
__________________________________________________
5. how is his cheeks
__________________________________________________
6. How is his ears?
__________________________________________________

Activity 17.
Pronounce and find the meaning of the words
No. Body Characteristics No. Body parts Characteristics
parts
1 face 1. long 4. Eyes 1. small
2. oval 2. bright
3. pale 3. wide
4. oblong 4. slanted
5. blue
2. Nose 1. pointed 5. Cheek 1. chubby
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2. small 2. haggard
3. flat
4. aquiline
3. Hair 1. black 6. ears 1. small
2. blond 2. big
3. curly
4. bald
5. straight
6. ponytail

Activity 18.
Match the description with the picture

______ ________ ________ _______ ________

A. Mr. Michel is a well-known English Snookerman. He has bald hair


B. Linda is a young sexy girl. Her legs are so slender.
C. Budiman loves sport very much. Look at his muscular arm.
D. Dr. Arif is a lecturer at University of Indonesia. His curly hair makes him easy to recognized .
E. Mrs . Elma is 45 years old. But her long straight hair makes her look younger.

A. 4. Grammar Focus
A.4.1. Apostrophe and possessive pronoun
Read the example how to describe someones physical feature.

Andi has long nose


My twins brother have chubby cheeks
We can also say:

Andis nose is long


My twins brother cheeks are chubby

Or
His nose is long
Their cheeks are chubby

Activity 19.
Rewrite the following sentences in another way. Do as the example.
Example: Jojon has obese stomach .
The stomach of Jojon is obese
Jojons stomach is obese
His stomach is obese
1. Rina has slim waist
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
2. My father has slanted eye
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____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

3. My sisters have curly hair


____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
4. Mrs. Emma has oval face
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

5. Mr. John has wide shoulder


____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

A.4.2. Compound adjectives


When describing someone, sometimes we use adjectives that consist of more than one word. They are
called compound adjectives.

Sallow faced Black-haired Clean-shaven


Middle-aged Pointed nosed Bald headed
Pot-bellied Bright eyed Cross-eyed
Long-legged Chubby-cheeked Wide-shouldered

Example : Lina looks very sexy with her long-legged body.

Activity 20.
Completed the following sentence with the suitable compound adjectives
1. It is hard for the _______________students to read what is on the blackboard from the back of the class.
2. Mr. Ali is no longer younger. He is now ____________man
3. The _____________director is hard to walk. His stomach is too obese.
4. The ______________girl is Angelina Sondakh. She is shampoo advertising star because of her long
black hair.
5. I am in love with these _____________children. Their cheeks are so passionate
6. Mr. Agus looks more handsome with his _____________face.
7. The ___________man is relaxing in the pool. He has no hair at all
8. The ___________bodybuilder looks very muscular.

B. Modelling of text.
Activity 21.
Pay attention to this description .

Jessica Alba
Identification Jessica Alba is really a beautiful movie
(How she looks in star.
general) Her acting in Dark Angel and The City of
Sin is very excellent.
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Description This 23 year old girl and a bright future
(How she looks in movie star. She meets all the
more detailed requirements. Her sexy, slim body
description of her
supported by her long-legged feet. She is
physical features
such as her age, about 182 cm in height. Her chubby
height, figure etc.) cheeks and sexy lips accompanied with
her long blond hair makes her look so
charming and sensual. She is also well
built. She does swimming and body
building for almost two hours every
morning. It gives her strong and tough
performance in front of camera. The taste
of masculinity in the body of an angel.
Bravo Jessica!

Activity 22.
Answer these questions
1. Who is described in the identification?
___________________________________________________________________
2. What is she?
___________________________________________________________________
3. How does she look like?
___________________________________________________________________
4. Where can you possibly find this kind of text?
___________________________________________________________________
5. What kind of words are in underlined
___________________________________________________________________
6. What kind of words are in bold?
___________________________________________________________________
7. What tense is used in the text? Give the supporting sentences.
___________________________________________________________________
8. Give the possessive pronouns used in the text?
___________________________________________________________________
9.Give the compound adjectives used in the text?
___________________________________________________________________

C. Joint Construction of Text.


Activity 23.
In group, write the physical description of the picture.
You can choose one of the picture; the father or the child

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Title:
(Give an interesting title) ___________________________
Identification
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Description ________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

D. Independent Construction of Text.


Activity 24
Write individually about the physical features of your family members (father, mother, brother or sisters)
Ask your friend to check your first draft.
Ask your teacher to check your second draft
Submit the final draft to your teacher.

Example:
My father is a middle-age man. He has _________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

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PART 2
WRITTEN ACTIVITIES

A. Building Knowledge of Field


A. 1. Listening
Activity 1.
Complete the paragraph with suitable words you listened
New South Wales
New South Wales (NSW) is Australia's most (1) __________ and oldest state, located in the south-
east, north of Victoria and south of Queensland. It was (2) __________ in 1788 and originally comprised much
of the Australian mainland. During the 19th century large areas were successively (3) __________ to form the
British colonies of Tasmania (1825), Victoria (1851), Queensland (1859), and South Australia (which at that
time included what is now the (4) __________ Territory). In 1901 these colonies plus Western Australia
federated to form the "(5) ______________ of Australia".
New South Wales is known the world over for the picturesque (6) _________ of its capital, Sydney,
Australia's oldest and largest city and a centre of international (7) __________. Sydney was the host city of the
2000 Olympic Summer Games.
An (8) ___________ of New South Wales is referred to as a New South Welshman (or, in non-sexist
language, as a New South Welsh person.)

Answer the following questions


1. In what country is New South Wales located?
_______________________________________________________________________________
2. In what state is New South Wales located?
_______________________________________________________________________________
3. When did it found ?
_______________________________________________________________________________
4. What is the capital of New South Wales?
_______________________________________________________________________________
5. What is the inhabitant of New South Wales called?
_______________________________________________________________________________

Activity 2.
Fill in the blank with the words from the text.
1. Wall Street is one of the center of ____________internationally in New York city.
2. We can see many ships and boat in and out from this busy ___________
3. Sangihe Talaud islands is the located in the ____________part of Sulawesi.
4. The city of Surabaya was ______________ in the region of East Java.
5. Jakarta is the most _____________city in Indonesia. Its population is around 8 millions people.
6. Between Java and Sumatera island is ______________ by Sunda strait.

Activity 3.
You are going to listen to words or phrases spoken by your teacher. Try to choose the correct one by circling it.
1. a. be b. bee
2. a. sheep b. ship
3. a. red b. read

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4. a. three b. tree
5. a. most b. must
6. a. wine b. wind
7. a. food b. foot
8. a. sun b. soon
9. a. cut b. coat
10.a. north b. not

Activity 4.
Listen to your teacher read the following description. Then answer the questions. (Text is enclosed)
1. Where is the city located?
a. in Western Italy
b. in Northern Italy
c. in Northeastern Italy

2. The city is built on


a. 100 big islands
b. 100 new islands
c. 100 small islands

3. How people in the city travel?


a. using roads
b. using canals
c. using harbour

4. Where is the most popular place in the city?


a. Marks harbour
b. Marks hall
c. Marks square

5. What kind of vehicle is used to travel by the citizen of Venice?


a. Gomolla
b. Gondola
c. Gundola

A.2. Grammar Focus


A.2.1. Simple Present Tense
Description text in general uses Simple Present Tense as its main tense. Here is the summary.
A. General pattern
Pattern Time reference
a. Verb pattern Every.
(+) S + V1(-s/-es) Always never
(-) S + do/does not V1 Often occasionally
(?) Do/does + S + V Sometimes seldom
B. To be pattern Rarely
(+) S + is/am/are + Ever
adjective/adverb/nouns
(-) S+ is/am/are not +
adjective/adverb/nouns

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(?) Is/Am/Are S + adjective/adverb/nouns

B. Function
1. Expressing habitual actions or customs
2. Expressing general truth

C. Examples
1. The desert is hot and dry.
2. Camels live in the desert.
3. Date tree grows well in the desert
4. We arent Arabian but Indonesian.
5. They dont go to Mecca every year
6. Are you hungry?
7. Does Shinta walk to school everyday.

D. Special Note
If the subject is third singular person (e.g) he, she, it John, Smith, Karen, the earth), we
must add a final s pr es to the verb.
1. Add es if the verb ends in ss, sh, ch, x or z
cross crosses
crush - crushes
catch - catches
mix - mixes
buzz - buzzes
2. If the verb ends in y preceded by a consonant , change the y into I and add -es
cry - cries
fry - fries

Activity 5.
Put the verb in the bracket into the correct form.
Do as Example : Ani .. (drive ) a cab to her school every day.
Ani drives a cab to her school everyday.

1. Sidney (be) the the capital of New South Wales.


______________________________________________________________________________
2. The People of New South Wales (work) in their field every morning.
_______________________________________________________________________________
3. The city of Melbourne never .(sleep) at night.
______________________________________________________________________________
4. The Weather in New South Wales .(not, be) so hot beacause it is located in the southern
hemisphere.
_______________________________________________________________________________
5. You . (not, throw) the rubbish to the river. It will pollutate its environment.
______________________________________________________________________________
6. The Ilama (live) Indonesia? No. They live in the South America
______________________________________________________________________________
7. Armand (be ) ill ?. He looks pale.
______________________________________________________________________________
8. Why you (be) thin?
______________________________________________________________________________

A.2.2. Relating Verbs


From the listening text above we have sentence:

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New South Wales is the populous city in
The word is is called relating verb/linking verb. It functions to give information about the things,
place or person we describe
A. Examples of Relating verbs

Be ( is, am, are, was, were) seem taste


Have feel appear
Look become grow

The mango tree grows taller and taller


The Sidney was built in 1898

Activity 6.
Fill in the blank with the suitable relating verbs from the box above.
1. The sun flowers ____________ round and yellow.
2. The car __________ manufactured in 1987.
3. The ice cream ____________sweet.
4. The old man _________lonely
5. My hometown _________a beautiful Mount. It is Mount Lawu
6. The little dog ____________bigger and bigger now.
7. The little tree __________taller and taller.
8. The perfumes _________ fragrant

A.2.3. Noun Phrase.


From the listening text above we have sentence such as:
It was found in 1788 and originally comprised much of the Australian mainland.
The underlined phrase is called noun phrase. The word order is as the following.

Fact Noun
Determiner Opinion
Size age shape colour origin material Purpose
A Charming Big Old Round Red German Wooden Dining Table
An Beautiful Small New Oval Yellow Italian Stone Sleeping Chair
The wonderful long young cone blue Chinese steel eating Plate

Activity 7.
Look around your class room . Fill in the chart with suitable word order from the things you found in your class
room.

No. Det Opinion Fact Noun


19
Size age shape colour origin material Purpose
1. some strong small old rectangle brown wooden learning Tables
2. Chairs
3. Board
4. Timetable
5. Chalk box
6. Flag
7. Map
8. Calendar
9. eraser
10. Dustbin

Activity 8.
Describe the following pictures. Use your own words/phrases.

1. : __________________________________________

2. : ___________________________________________

3. : ___________________________________________

4. : ____________________________________________

5. : _____________________________________________

B. Modelling of Text.
B.1. Descriptive text
Activity 9.
Answer this questions orally?
1. What picture is it?
20
____________________________________________
2. In what country does the building locate?
____________________________________________
3. In what city does the building locate?
____________________________________________
4. What is the function of the building?
____________________________________________

Activity 10.
Your teacher will read aloud about city of Sidney

Good morning students? Good. This morning I will tell you about Sidney. Do you know Sidney? Where is
it? Good. Its in Australia. I love this city. OK. Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales. With a
population of over 4 million people, it is the most populous city in Australia. Sydney is located on the east
coast of Australia. It was established in 1788 when Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove
and claimed Australia for the British. Built around Sydney Harbour, Sydney is known in Australia as the
"Harbour City", and structures on the Harbour such as the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour
Bridge are globally recognised icons of the city. Sydney has one of the worlds most recognizable skylines. Its
famous harbour is commonly referred to as the most beautiful natural harbour in the world.
Let me continue, Sydney is located in a coastal basin between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Blue
Mountains to the west. The city features the largest natural harbour in the world, Port Jackson, and more than
70 harbour and ocean beaches, including the famous Bondi Beach Sydney's urban area of 1687 km (651 mi)
is similar to that of Greater London. The metropolitan area (Sydney Statistical Division) is 12,145 km (4,689
mi); a significant portion of this area is national park and other unsettled land. Ok, students, thats all about
Sidney for today.

Activity 10. Understanding the content of the text.


Answer the following questions
1. What does the speaker try to describe?
_______________________________________________________________________________
2. What does the speaker describe?
_______________________________________________________________________________
3. What does the first paragraph tell the readers about?
_______________________________________________________________________________
1. What does the second paragraph tell the reader about?
_______________________________________________________________________________
2. It was established in 1788 when Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove.
The word it refers to
_______________________________________________________________________________
6. Its famous harbour is commonly referred to as the most beautiful natural harbour in the world.
The word its refers to .
_______________________________________________________________________________

Activity 11. Understanding the structure of the text.


Read the text once again . Try to understand the generic structure and the language features of descriptive
text.

City of Sidney

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Social Function: Good morning students? Good. This morning I will Generic
To describe a tell you about Sidney. Do you know Sidney? Where is Structure:
particular person, it? Good. Its in Australia. I love this city. OK. Sydney Identification
place or things is the state capital of New South Wales. With a (identify
phenomenon to
population of over 4 million people, it is the most
Language be described)
Features: populous city in Australia. Sydney is located on the
Focus on east coast of Australia. It was established in 1788
specific when Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in
participants (in Sydney Cove and claimed Australia for the British.
bold) Built around Sydney Harbour, Sydney is known in
Australia as the "Harbour City", and structures on the
Use relating Harbour such as the Sydney Opera House and the
verbs (in italics) Sydney Harbour Bridge are globally recognised icons
of the city. Sydney has one of the worlds most
Adjectives or
recognizable skylines. Its famous harbour is
nouns to give a
certain quality to commonly referred to as the most beautiful natural
a noun harbour in the world.
(underlined)

Use of simple Let me continue, Sydney is located in a coastal Description


present basin between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the (describe parts,
Blue Mountains to the west. The city features the quantities,
largest natural harbour in the world, Port Jackson, characteristic)
and more than 70 harbour and ocean beaches,
including the famous Bondi Beach. Sydney's urban
area of 1687 km (651 mi) is similar to that of
Greater London. The metropolitan area (Sydney
Statistical Division) is 12,145 km (4,689 mi); a
significant portion of this area is national park and
other unsettled land. Ok, students, thats all about
Sidney for today.
Answer the questions.
1. Does the speaker start with identification?
______________________________________________________________________________
2. Does the speaker use simple present text ?
______________________________________________________________________________
3. Mention the simple present sentences written in the text?
______________________________________________________________________________
4. Does the speaker describe parts, qualities, and the characteristics of the city of Sidney ?
_____________________________________________________________________________
3. Does the speaker uses noun phrase to describe Sidney?
_____________________________________________________________________________
4. Mention the examples of noun phrase written in the text?
_____________________________________________________________________________
5. Mention the relating verbs used in the text?
_____________________________________________________________________________

B.2. Short Functional Text


Activity 12
Learn thisToshort
Riri,functional text.
Riri, are you free this afternoon?
If you are, would you accompany me
to the mall? We could do some 22
window shopping. How does that
sound?
Ari
Questions.
1. What kind of text is it?
__________________________________________________
2. Where do you usually find this text?
__________________________________________________
3. Who does usually write this kind of text?
___________________________________________________

Activity 13.
Write a short message based on the following situation.

1. You will have a birthday party, but you cant phone you friend Andi . You invite him by sending a short
message.

2. You a in a hurry and need a big bag. Your roommate has it but he/she isnt at the room. You write a
message that you borrow his /her bag.

C. Joint Construction of Text.


Activity 14
Work in group of four
Read the text about Australia. Some words are missing.
Fill in the missing words with the words in the box.

23
Coastal explorer indigenous formed
Neigbouring stable country officially
Successively inhabited

Australia
The Commonwealth of Australia is a (1) _________ in the Southern Hemisphere
comprising the world's smallest continent and a number of islands in the Southern, Indian and
Pacific Oceans. Australia's (2) ____________ countries include Indonesia, East Timor and
Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of
New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast.
The continent of Australia has been (3) ___________ for over 40,000 years by (4)
____________ Australian. After sporadic visits by fishermen from the north and by European
(5) ___________ and merchants starting in the 17th century, the eastern half of the continent
was claimed by the British in 1770 and (6) __________ settled as the penal colony of New
South Wales on 26 January 1788. As the population grew and new areas were explored,
another five largely self-governing Crown Colonies were (7) _________ established over the
course of the 19th century.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated and the Commonwealth of Australia was (8)
_________. Since federation, Australia has maintained a (9) __________ liberal democratic
political system and remains a Commonwealth Realm. The current population of around 20.5
million is concentrated mainly in the large (10) ________ cities of Sydney, Melbourne,
Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Activity 15.
Work in group of four
Write your own city, town or village where you live
Use the following chart as consideration

Title:
(Give an interesting title for ___________________________
example Solo, a culture
city)
Identification
(Write the name of your ________________________________________________________
city, town or village with a ________________________________________________________
brief description ________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Description ________________________________________________________
(Describe parts, quality, ________________________________________________________
24
and characteristic of your ________________________________________________________
place) ________________________________________________________
a. geographical condition ________________________________________________________
b. important landmark ________________________________________________________
c. place of interest ________________________________________________________
d. number of population ________________________________________________________
e. economic condition ________________________________________________________
f. lifestyle ________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

D. Independent Construction of Text.


Activity 16
Write individually about your place (city, town, or village)
Having revised by your friend and teacher, tell about your place to your friend in front of the class.

UJI KOMPETENSI 1

A. Choose the correct answer by crossing a, b, c, d or e.


Text 1.

25
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales. With a population of over 4 million people, it is the
most populous city in Australia. Sydney is located on the east coast of Australia. It was established in 1788
when Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove and claimed Australia for the British. Built
around Sydney Harbour, Sydney is known in Australia as the "Harbour City", and structures on the Harbour
such as the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge are globally recognised icons of the city.
Sydney has one of the worlds most recognizable skylines. Its famous harbour is commonly referred to as the
most beautiful natural harbour in the world.
Sydney is located in a coastal basin between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Blue Mountains to
the west. The city features the largest natural harbour in the world, Port Jackson, and more than 70 harbour
and ocean beaches, including the famous Bondi Beach. Sydney's urban area of 1687 km (651 mi) is similar
to that of Greater London. The metropolitan area (Sydney Statistical Division) is 12,145 km (4,689 mi); a
significant portion of this area is national park and other unsettled land.

01. Dina : Where is Sidney located?


Nita : It is located on .
a. western coast of Australia c. eastern coast of Australia
b. northern coast of Australia d. southern coast of Australia

02. Dina : Where did Arthur Phillip land?


Nita : He landed in . .
a. Sydney harbour c. Sydney Cove
b. Sydney opera d. Bondi beach

03. Dina : What is Sydney well-known as?


Nita : Its well-known as .
a. Harbour city c. oil city
b. Farm city d. Kangaroo city

04. Dina : What is the most popular beach at Sydney?


Nita : It is .
a. Pacific Ocean c. Opera House
b. Blue Mountain d. Bondi

05. Dina : What is the city in the world which has similar area with Sydney?
Nita : I think it is .
a. New South Wales c. London
b. Wales d. Paris

Text 2.
Jessica Alba is really a beautiful movie star. Her acting in Dark Angel and The City of Sin is very
excellent.
This 23 year old girl and a bright future movie star. She meets all the requirements. Her sexy, slim
body supported by her long-legged feet. She is about 182 cm in height. Her chubby cheeks and sexy lips
accompanied with her long blond hair makes her look so charming and sensual. She is also well built. She
does swimming and body building for almost two hours every morning. It gives her strong and tough
performance in front of camera. The taste of masculinity in the body of an angel. Bravo Jessica!

06. Ari : What is Jessica Alba?


Ira : She is a .
a. Doctor c. actress
b. Teacher d. movie director

07. Ari : How old is she?


Ira : She is years old.
a. 22 c. 24
b. 23 d. 25
26
08. Ari : How is her cheeks?
Ira : She has . cheeks
a. muscular c. chubby
b. slanted d. sensual

09. Ari : What does she do to make her body well built?
Ira : She does
a. swimming and tennis c. body building and swimming
b. swimming and bowling d. body building and cycling

10. Ari : It gives her strong and tough performance in front of camera. The word it refers to
Ira : I think it is .
a. every morning c. well built
b. performance d. swimming and body building

11. Andi : What do you do in Sunday morning?


Aris : I usually _________ cycling with my family.
a. Has c. to have
b. Have d. having

12. Aris : Which of the following words belong to relating verb or linking verb ?
Dina : I think .
a. Go c. masculinity
b. Is d. really

13. Ali : What did you see when you have a picnic to Sydney?
Lia : I saw .
a. a glorious big white Sydney opera building
b. a big glorious white Sydney opera building
c. a white glorious Sydney opera building big
d. a big Sydney white glorious opera building

14. Lani : Wow, Look this model. She is so charming.


Lina : Of course. She has ___________feet and slim body.
a. cross-eyed c. clean-shaven
b. bright-eyed d. pot-bellied

15. Lina: Look, Anita has long hair !


Ani : You mean that .
a. Anita hair is long c. his hair is long
b. Anitas hair is long c. its hair is long

16. Lia : This is my rose flower. It is the blue rose. It is very scare.
Nia : Oh ya. Wow. It fragrant too.
a. Tastes c. grows
b. Smells d. feels

17. Nania : Do you know that Budi always goes to gym twice a week?
Nina : Yes, I do. I admire his .. arms
a. Slanted c. bald
b. Curly d. muscular

18. Sandy : Could you give me some hot water?


Reza : Certainly. Here you are, ?
Sandy : No, thanks/
a. What can you help me? C. Do you think what water is for me?
27
b. What else I can do for you D. Can you take some water else for you?

19. Teacher : Look at the sky over there. Its cloudy. Do you think its going to rain here?
Nena : . The cloud is still far away.
a. I doubt that c. I am certain
b. I am sure it is d. yes, that s right

20. Doni : What do you think if we go to Bukit tinggi. We still have a lot of medicine in our supply
Dina : . it is better to go to Solok. We can help the victim of earthquake there
a. I think c. I am with you
b. I am sure d. I agree with you

B. Essay.

21. Arrange the words into the correct order


Alba : What do you want to buy?
Nita : I need (green- long- some- fresh cucumbers- Javanese )

22. Use apostrophe and possessive pronouns to change this sentence.


Mr. Agus Wuryanto has a long moustache

a. __________________________________
b. __________________________________

23. Fill in the blank with suitable compound adjectives


The _________________girl is appointed to be the Shampoo adv star because of her hair.

Fill in the blank with suitable expression


24. Guest : .., please?
Waiter : Im sorry, Sir. There is no tea left. We have only coffee.

25. Linda : I think Surabaya is the biggest city at Java island.


Dona : .. Jakarta is the biggest one.

ULANGAN HARIAN 1
(Descriptive Reading)

28
Choose the correct answer by crossing a, b, c or d
Text 1.
Borobudur is a Hindu-Buddhist temple built in the 9th century under the Syailendra dynasty of Java. It is
located near Magelang on the island of Java, Indonesia.
Abandoned in the 11th century and partially excavated by archeologists in the early 20 th century, Borobudur
temple is well-known all over the world. Influenced by the Gupta achitecture of India, the temple is constructed
on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces, one on top of the other. The first five
terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief; the upper three are
circular, each with a circle of bell- shapped stupas ( Buddhist shrines). The entire edifice is crowned by a large
stupa at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passages and
stairways. The design of Borobudur, a temple- mountain symbolizing the structure of the universe, influenced
temples built at Angkor, Cambodia.
Borobudur, rededicated as an Indonesian national monument in 1983, is a valuable treasure for Indonesian
people.

01.What kind of genre is the text above?


a. Spoof c. Description
b. Narrative d. review

02.What tense is mostly used in this text?


a. Present Continuous c. Past Tense
b. Simple Present Tense d. Past Perfect

03. Which sentence is the identification of the text?


a. Borobudur, rededicated as an indonesian national monument in 1983
b. Abandoned in the 11th century and partially excavated by archeologists in the early 20th century
c. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle
d. Borobudur is a Hindu-Buddhist temple built in the 9th century under the Syailendra dynasty of Java

04. In what paragraph can we find the description of the text?


a. First c. Third
b. Second d. Second and third

Text 2
My Pet
I have a pet. It is a dog and I call it Brownie.
Brownie is a Chinese breed. It is small, fluffy and cute. It has got thick brown fur. When I cuddle it, the
fur feels soft. Brownie does not like bones. Every day it eats soft food like steamed rice, fish or bread.
Every morning I give her milk and bread. When I am at school, Brownie plays with my cat. They get along
well, and never fight maybe because Brownie does not bark a lot. It treats the other animals in our house
gently, and it never eats shoes. Brownie is really a sweet and friendly animal.

05. What type of text is used by the writer ?


a. Report
b. Recount
c. Descriptive
d. Narrative

29
06. Brownie is a Chinese breed, it is small, fluffy and cute.
The underlined word means .
a. thin
b. thick
c. soft
d. hard

07. The communicative purpose of this text is .


a. to describe a particular animal.
b. to sharpen an amusing incident with others.
c. to present two points of view about an issue.
d. to inform the readers about the beauty of Brownie.

08. What is the main idea of the paragraph 2 ?


a. Brownie, my pet dog, is a Chinese breed.
b. My Chinese breed dog only eats soft food.
c. A Chinese breed dog doesnt bark a lot.
d. Brownie which is a Chinese breed is a sweet and friendly animal.

Text 3
Natural Bridge National Park is a luscious tropical rainforest. It is located 110 kilometers south of
Brisbane and is reached by following the Pacific Highway to Nerang and then by traveling through the
Numinbah Valley. This scenic roadway lies in the shadow of the Lamington National Park.
The phenomenon of the rock formed into a natural arch and the cave through which a waterfall cascades
is a short one-kilometer walk below a dense rainforest canopy from the main picnic area. Swimming is
permitted in the rock pools. Night-time visitors to the cave will discover the unique feature of the glow worms.
Picnic areas offer toilets, barbecues, shelter sheds, water and fireplaces; however, overnight camping is
not permitted.

09. The purpose of the text is .


a. to describe Natural Bridge National Park.
b. to describe the way birds live in Natural bridge National Park
c. to describe how to reach to Natural Bridge national Park
d. to inform some beautiful places in Natural Bridge national Park

10. All of these statements are correct, EXCEPT .... .


a. Natural Bridge National Park is a luscious tropical rainforest.
b. Natural Bridge National Park lies in south of Brisbane.
c. Swimming is allowed in the rock pools
d. Night-time visitors to the cave will discover the unique feature of the glow worms.

11.. walk below a dense rainforest canopy from the main picnic area
The synonym of the underlined is ... .
a. contradict
b. gloom
c. reliable
d. crowded

30
Text 4
Lyme Regis is a beautiful old seaside town, with a lively little harbour, beaches and lovely walks, either
by the sea or in the country nearby. For children there the Marine Aquarium and Dinosaur land, and in summer
you can escape from the crowds and relax in the Jane Austen garden with beautiful views over the sea. Here
are many interesting old streets with cafes and restaurants. The best restaurant is the Pilot Boat down by the
beach, which has very good food and excellent wine.

12. The purpose of the text is .


a. to describe Lyme Regis.
b. to describe the way people live
c. to describe how Lyme Regis is
d. to inform some beautiful places

13. Many tourists are interested in coming to Lyme Regis. This means that Lyme Regis is .
a. amazing
b. delightful
c. excellence
d. attractive

14. and in summer you can escape from the crowds The underlined phrase means .
a. avoid
b. keep
c. release
d. loose

Text 5
Gunung Tujuh Lake is one of the many lakes in Kabupaten Kerinci in Jambi province. It is an amazing
tourists place to visit. The location of Gunung Tujuh Lake is in Kecamatan Kayu Aro. It is about 50 km from
Sungai Penuh to Pelompek village by public transport. Then people climb and walk for another 4 km or for 2.5
hours. The lake is surrounded by steep forest slopes and seven mountains. The highest peak of Gunung Tujuh
Lake is 1,950 m above sea level. The length of the lake is 4,5 km and the width is 3 km. It is a volcanic lake
and the highest in Southeast Asia. The temperature around the lake is very cold. Beside waterfalls you can
also find animals such as siamang, elephants and birds. Gunung Tujuh Lake is really beautiful with a
spectacular scenery.

15. The communicative purpose of this text is .


a. to describe a place.
b. To entertain or amuse.
c. To give a view of an art work.
d. To inform

16. Which statements is TRUE according to the text ?


a. The lake is 3 km long.
b. Gunung Tujuh lake is not a volcanic lake.
c. Gunung Tujuh lake is 4.5 km away from Sungai Penuh.
d. There are steep forest slopes and seven mountains around the lake.

17. Gunung Tujuh Lake is really beautiful with a spectacular scenery.

31
The underlined word means ....
a. Amusing
b. pretty
c. touching
d. lovely

Text 6
Facsimile
A facsimile or a fax machine .(23) a small photocopier. It is a device which is capable of
transmitting or receiving a/an .(24) copy of a page of printed or pictorial matter over the telephone lines
usually less than 60 seconds. To send a document a user insert it into the machine and (25) the telephone
number of the telephone receiving machine.
18. a. resembles. c. formulates
b. forms d. constructs

19. a. same c. similar


c. entire d. exact

20. a. uses c. connects


b. dials d. contacts

UNIT TWO

32
When I became a Hero

Mata Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris


Satuan Pendidikan : SMP
Kelas/Semester : VIII/1

Standar Kompetensi
A. Mendengarkan
Memahami makna dalam percakapan transaksional dan interpersonal pendek sederhana untuk
berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar
Memahami makna dalam teks lisan fungsional dan monolog pendek sederhana berbentuk recount
untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.
B. Berbicara
Mengungkapkan makna dalam percakapan transaksional dan interpersonal lisan pendek sederhana
untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.
Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks lisan fungsional dan monolog pendek sederhana berbentuk
recount untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.
C. Membaca
Memahami makna dalam esai pendek sederhana berbentuk berbentuk recount untuk berinteraksi
dengan lingkungan sekitar.
D. Menulis
Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks tulis fungsional dan esei sederhana berbentuk recount untuk
berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.

Materi Pembelajaran:
A. Speech functions : Carrying out transactional or interpersonal conversation involving expressions of :
Inviting, accepting an invitation, declining an invitation
Agreement and disagreement
Complimenting and Congratulating
B. Monolog : Listen Tell, read and write various recount texts
C. Short Functional text : Read and write short functional text (Notice)
D. Language features : Simple past tense, past continues tense, past perfect tense, Time connectors

PART 1
SPOKEN ACTIVITIES

A. Building Knowledge of Field


A.1. Speech Function (Listening and Speaking)
A.1.1. Inviting, accepting invitation, refusing an invitation
Activity 1
Study the following picture
a. Inviting Someone
Would you
like to join
me for Thank
playing my you.
new toy
I would

Id like to
b. Accepting antoinvitation
invite you
come to my Yes, Id like
golden to very much. 33
marriage When?
party
c. Refusing an invitation
Thank,
Anyway but
Would you I have to help
like to play my mom
with me?

Activity 2
Study the following expression of inviting someone, accepting an invitation and refusing an invitation.

Invitation Accepting an invitation Refusing an Invitation

Would you like to Id love to Thanks, But I have another


Could you come to Yes, Id love to. schedule
Would you mind coming Id be happy to accept Id like to very much, but
to. Id be glad to accept. Thats very kind of you,
I wonder if youd like to Id be delight to but.
Id like to invite you to Yes, Id like to very much Thank anyway, but

To a good friend:
Can you..

Activity 3
Works in pairs. Make a dialogue based on the situation given. Accept or refuse each invitation.
1. Your friend ask you to play football.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

2. You ask your friend to have lunch with you

34
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

3. You ask your friend to come to your birthday party.


X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

4. Your friend ask you to accompany him/her to see Linkin Park concert in Tennis Indoor Senayan.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

5. Your friend ask you to have a picnic to his/her villa at Puncak Bogor.
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

Activity 4
What would you say in these situation.
1. Your old friend who live in Jakarta comes to your town. He will return to Jakarta Tomorrow.
You want her to have lunch at Pemancingan.
.
.
2. Your teacher is passing by in front of your house. You invite him/her to come to your house.
.
.
3. You met your old best friend in Junior high school. You never meet for a year.
You invite him to stay overnight in your house.
.
.
4. You and your friend are in the way home from a field observation in Biology class. You feel hungry.
You ask your friend to have lunch in the nearest restaurant.
.
.

A.1.2. Expressing agreement and disagreement

35
Activity 5
Observe the dialog
I think, pronouncing Of course. It is different
English alphabet is with bahasa Indonesia I dont agree
difficult to do. What with you. It is
do you think? easy for me.

Activity 6
Learn the expression
Expression of agreement Expression of disagreement
Of course I dont agree..
I agree I disagree
Thats a good idea I dont think so
Thats fine What about .?
Thats sound nice Id rather not..
I dont have any objection
I approve it

Activity 7
Read the following dialogue
Fathur : Rani, .We will have a vacation next week. How about going somewhere for
refreshing ?
Hani : Thats good idea. I need to refresh my brain too.
Fathur : I plan to visit Parangtritis beach.
Hani : Id rather not going there.
Fathur : Why?
Hani : I am afraid of visiting a beach. Dont you watch Tsunami which destroyed Aceh
presently. Sea is dangerous.
Fathur : So, what do you like to visit?
Hani : Mountain area. It is fresh and have beautiful scenery too.
Fathur : Id be glad to.

Questions.
1. What does the dialogue talk about?

2. Why did Hani agree with Fathurs idea?

3. Where did they go?
36

4. What did Fathur plan to go?

5. Why did Hani refuse Fathur s Idea?

6. Mention the expression of agreement and disagreement found in the text.

Activity 8
Make a dialogue using expression of agreement or disagreement based on the situation given.
1. You ask your father to borrow his motor cycle . He refuses it.


2. Your classmate ask you to accompany him hiking to mount Merbabu. You accept it.


3. Your headmaster orders you to clean the school yard. All of you agree with it.


4. You want to borrow your friends pen. He refuses it.

A.1.3. Complimenting and congratulating


Activity 9
Learn the dialog

Congratulation, Ana .
You are the best Thanks. You are
graduate at our school. good too

Good
grades.
friends

Activity 10
Learn and read the expression aloud
37
Complimenting
Good grades!
You are a good friend!
Nice try!
Nice work!
You are smart!
What a nice ..
Wow, good job!

Congratulating
Congratulation!
Happy birthday!
Happy New year!

Activity 11
Make a dialog in pairs based on the following situations. Then, perform them.
1. Your friend is showing you his new shoes. What both of you say?
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

2. Your friend got an excellent mark, What both of you say?


X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

3. You and your friend working together to write a composition. The composition got A from your teacher,
What both of you say?
X : .
Y : .
X : .
Y : .

A.2. Listening to a monolog


Activity 12
Listen the text read by your teacher. Then answer the questions. (Text is enclosed)
1. Who went to the Glendi Festival?
A. I
B. The writer and his friends
C. The reader
D. The boy

2. When was the festival done?


A. in March annually
B. in March once in a month
C. in March every time
D. in March every yesterday
3. How was the food in the glendi Festival?
A. nasty

38
B. tasty
C. pastry
D. neatly

4. What s the authors feeling after the journey?


A. sad
B. angry
C. happy
D. sweetie

05. What is the setting of the story?


A. Glendi Festival
B. The tents
C. School
D. Market

A.3. Grammar Function


A.3.1. Simple Past Tense
1. Sentence Pattern

Pola Keterangan waktu


1. S + V2 + O/Ket Yesterday
2. S+ did not V1+ O/Ket Last .
3. Did + S + V1+ O/ket ..ago
at that time
in..(Tahun)
To be: was, were

2. Function
To express an activity that is done in a single time in the past.

3. Examples
1 1. They held to meet two days ago
2 2. Indri bought some fruits yesterday
3 3. Fathur visited his village in Aceh in 2004 when Tsunami destroyed it
4 4. I wrote a letter to my grandpa last week
5 5. Sherly came to see me yesterday morning.

Activity 13
Change the verbs into past tense
1. The Minister of Transportation (launch) a new ship last month.

2. Steven Spielberg (direct) the movie of the year, Jurassic Park.

3. World famous tenor Pavarotti (cancel) the concert in Solo?.

4. Gus Dur (not, decide) to sign the letters yesterday.

5. Many reporters (interview) the Kalpataru Winners.

6. Intan (enter) the Poltek in 1998 ?.

7. The flood (happen) to the city of Cilacap last week.

8. The people (not, stay) at the refugee camps anymore this morning.

39
9. They (be ) here last night.

10. Yesterday, the Governor (visit) them in the camps.

Activity 14
Put the verb in the bracket in the past form
Lightning (1)(strike) twice by our house last night during rainstorm. One flash of lightning (2).
(hit) at 9:10, and then the second hit at 9:20. We (3)..(hear) the sound of thunder and we (4).(smell)
the lightning in the air.
First flash struck our neighbors chimney. The chimney (5).(be) very tall, and it (6).(act) like a
lightning rod. It (7)(pull) the lightning to it. When the lightning struck, it tore out a whole row of bricks. Our
neighbors said it sounded like glass was breaking when the bricks (8)(fall).
The second flash hit another neighbors tree. It tore the bark off the tree. Because it was raining, the
tree didnt start to burn. However, our neighbor said that the lightning (9)..(kill) the tree.
We (10)..(be) lucky. The lightning missed our house. And we were all happy that nobody was hurt.

A.3.2. Sentence connectors


Sentence connectors are certain words used to connect between a sentence to the other sentence or
between paragraph to paragraph. The examples, among others, are:
First, at first
Second, secondly
Next
Then
After that, afterwards
Later
When
Thus
Finally

Activity 15
Complete the text with the most appropriate word or phrase from the samples above. Then read it aloud.
The Day I Became a Hero
I was as amazed as anyone else ________(1) I found Brian. I was flying low over an area of forest,
miles from anywhere, ______ (2) I noticed smoke. _______(3) I pulled round and flew in low for a better look.
_______(4), I noticed that someone had cleared an area of trees. _____(5) I saw the camp. I had to
circle round a couple of times. _______(6) a while I was ready to fly in low and put the plane down on the lake.
_______(7) I paddled across to where Brian was standing, staring at me as if I was a ghost. Suddenly, he
spoke and said his name. You could have knocked me flat _______(8) I realised that I had found the kid!
(NLS Year 6 Booster Units. : 2001)

B. Modelling of Text
Activity 16
40
Your teacher will read it aloud , learn the generic structure and the language feature of the text.
Generic Visiting Glendi Festival Language Features
Structure
Orientation Yesterday I went to the Glendi Festival with Relational Processes
nine other kids from my class to take part (Italic)
in the dancing and to have a good time.
This festival is held in March each year in a
big city park
Event 1 At first we went together to eat in one of the Material Processes
tents. We bought souvlakia, yiros, chips, roast (Bold)
corn on the cob and drinks. Everything was so
tasty.
Event 2 Afterwards we visited the school tent where Time conjunctions
we viewed the student projects from many (underlined)
schools.
Event 3 Later we gathered in front of the large stage.
The announcer was calling the school teams
one by one to dance Greek dances. Our turn
came! We danced two dances, a kalamatiano
and a hasapiko. The crowd gave us a great
applause.
Re- At the end of the day we were all tired but
orientation happy because we had a wonderful time
Adapted from : www. English K-6.com

Answer the questions


1. What kind of activity was visited by the writer?
______________________________________________________________________________
2 When was it held?
______________________________________________________________________________
3 Where was it held?
______________________________________________________________________________
4 What were presented in the festival?
_______________________________________________________________________________
5 What is the purpose of the text above?
_______________________________________________________________________________
6 Who are the participant
______________________________________________________________________________
7 What tense is mostly used?
RECOUNT TEXT
______________________________________________________________________________
8 -What
Socialisfunction
the text called?
To retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining. Events are usually
_______________________________________________________________________________
arranged in a temporal sequence e.g. a personal letter.
Study the following explanation
- Generic (schematic) structure
Orientation (Provide when and who are the participants)
Events (retell events in sequences , how many events happened)
Re-orientation (optional elements)
- Language feature
Focus on individual participants 41
Use of past tense
Focus on a temporal sequence of events
Use of material (or action) clauses and processes
Activity 17
Fill the blank with the correct form of the material processes, find the meaning then pronounce them loudly.
No Base form Past form Past participle Meaning
1 Buy
2 Come Came
3 Dream
4 Drove
5 Eat
6 Fall
7 Found
8 Give
9 Go
10 Hang
11 Have
12 Hear
13 Met
14 Read
15 Run
Activity 18
Make a sentence using verbs available in Simple Past Tense Pattern
1 Fall : ____________________________________________________________
2. Read : ____________________________________________________________
3. Give : ____________________________________________________________
4. Go : ____________________________________________________________
5. Open : ____________________________________________________________
6. Buy : ____________________________________________________________
7. Come : ____________________________________________________________
8. Dream : ____________________________________________________________
9. Run : ____________________________________________________________
10. Eat ____________________________________________________________

C. Joint Construction of Text


Activity 19.
Work in group of three. One of the group members will ask another from his or her groups these questions.
The questions
1. What did you do last ?
2. Where did it take place?
3. When did it take place ?
4. What did you do first?
5. What did you do after that?
6. What did you do then?
7. What did you finally do?
8. What do you think of your experience?

42
Group member number 1. (example)
Name : ________Lutfindra__________

No. Questions Answers


1. What did you do last ? I went shopping
2. Where did it take place? Supermarket
3. When did it take place ? Last night
4. What did you do first? In the evening, I prepared my motorcycle in the
garage
5. What did you do after that? I rode to supermarket alone
6. What did you do then? When I came there I bought some vegetables
and fruit.
7. What did you finally do? I rode my motorcycle back home
8. What do you think of your I felt happy buying things in the supermarket
experience? because the prices are cheaper than in the
traditional market.
Group member number 2.
Name : ____________________________
No. Questions Answers
1. What did you do last ?
2. Where did it take place?
3. When did it take place ?
4. What did you do first?
5. What did you do after that?
6. What did you do then?
7. What did you finally do?
8. What do you think of your
experience?

Group member number 3.


Name : ____________________________

No. Questions Answers


1. What did you do last ?
2. Where did it take place?
3. When did it take place ?
4. What did you do first?
5. What did you do after that?
6. What did you do then?
7. What did you finally do?
8. What do you think of your
experience?

Activity 20.
Put the answers in the table below as the example.
Group member number 1.
No. Name Lutfindra
Orientation
1. What happened to him/her? Lutfindra went for shopping
2. Where? and When ? To the supermarket last night
43
Series of Events
3. What did he/she do first? At first, she prepared her motorcycle in the garage
4. What did he/she do after that? Then, she rode to supermarket alone. When she came
there she bought some vegetables and fruit. Finally,
she rode her motorcycle back home
Reorientation
5. What did he/she think about She felt happy buying things in the supermarket
their experience? because the prices are cheaper than in the traditional
market.
Group member number 2.

No. Name
Orientation
1. What happened to him/her?
2. Where? and When ?
Series of Events
3. What did he/she do first?
4. What did he/she do after that?

Reorientation
5. What did he/she think about
their experience?

Group member number 3.

No. Name
Orientation
1. What happened to him/her?
2. Where? and When ?
Series of Events
3. What did he/she do first?
4. What did he/she do after that?

Reorientation
5. What did he/she think about
their experience?

Activity 21.
When finished with note-taking, the whole group will discuss and write the draft together. Here is the example
Group member number 1.
Shopping to Supermarket
Last night, Lutfindra had a motorcycle ride to the supermarket in her
Orientation town, Karanganyar.

First, she got into the garage to get her motorcycle ready for the ride.
Then, she got her motorcycle cleaned up and heated up. After that she
got on the saddle and started to run the engine and rode along the way
Series of Events to the supermarket carefully. When she arrived at the supermarket she
bough some vegetables such as cauliflowers, lettuce, cucumber. She
44
also not forgot to buy her favourite fruits, durian. Finally she rode back
home.
She felt that it was happy to go shopping in the supermarket due to the
Reorientation less price of the goods.

Group member number 2

________________________________________________________________
Orientation ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Series of ________________________________________________________________
Events ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
Reorientation ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

Group member number 3.

________________________________________________________________
Orientation ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
Series of ________________________________________________________________
Events ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
Reorientation ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

D. Independent Construction of Text


Activity 22.
Now, it is time for you to write and speak out about your own personal recount. Tell to the class your recount.
Example:
Good morning my teacher, Good morning my dear friends. At this occasion, I would like to tell you about my
experience going to Mount Merapi . Do you know Mount Merapi? Good. Where does it locate? All right. It is
in Yokyakarta province.

45
Last week, I and my friends from X-A made a trip to Mount Merapi. We leaved early in the morning by riding a
bus from Tirtonadi bus stasion, Solo to Selo, Boyolali regency.
At first, .
Next, ,
After that , .
then, ..
finally , .

I think , .,
..

Name : ________________________ Student Number: ________________________

No. Aspects of Scoring


scoring
Low (45-59) Average (60-75) Good (76-100)
1. Pronunciation
2. Intonation
3. Stress
4. Gestures
Total
Total Score

PART 2
WRITTEN ACTIVITIES
A. Building Knowledge of Field
A.1. Brainstorming
Activity 1
Answer these questions briefly
01. Who is he?
______________________________________________
02. Where did he come from?
______________________________________________ Photo Ayrton Senna
03. What was his occupation?
______________________________________________
04. In what kind of racing did he participate in ?
______________________________________________
5. Where did he die?
______________________________________________
06. How did he die?
______________________________________________

Activity 2.
What kind of racing are there held in the world?

46
RACING WORLD

Go Kart Race

Activity 3.
Listen carefully to a story about Aryton Senna. Complete the missing words.

Ayrton Senna: The Legend of Formula One


On May 1, 1994, Ayrton Senna, three-time World Champion of Formula One racing, ________(1) of
multiple skull fracture in an accident which ____________(2) at Tamburello corner, Imola circuit, Italy. His
death was a loss not only to his country , but also to the automotive world, especially the world of Formula
One racing.
Ayrton Senna da Silva, better known as Ayrton Senna was born on March 21, 1960. At age of four, he
__________(3) to drive go-kart. His father, who __________(4) a spare part factory, eagerly supported his
involvement in racing. Senna was only 13 when he __________(5) his first title in kart racing. After winning
many kart racing titles, he _____________(6) his career in Formula Ford (FF) 1600 and 2000 racing. He
_____________(7) to England in 1981 to collect 34 titles in Formula 1600 and 2000. Finding FF 2000 racing
no more challenging , Senna _____________(8) to Formula Three (F3) in 1983. He _________(9) the West
Surrey Racing team and won nine series in succession at the beginning of the season.
In 1984 he ____________(10) to Formula One (F1), the most prestigious class of racing
competitions. In the beginning, he drove for Toleman Hart, a small team. He joined this small team so that he
could race without any pressure and learn more about F1. In 1985 he raced for Lotus, a prestigious team, and
won his first Grand Prix in Portugal, where he got his nick name The Rain Master because of his skill on a
we circuit.
(Taken from Contact volume 6 no 37 1999)

Questions
1. Why and where did Ayrton Senna died?
..
2. How old was Senna become a racer?
..
3. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
..
4. Tell us the steps of Senna from the beginning to be the star of Formula 1 racer?
..
5. What is the third paragraph tell us?
..
6. What team did he join when he started Formula one?
..

47
7. Where did he get his nickname Rain Master? In what time?
..
8 where he got his nick name The Rain Master (paragraph 3). The underlined word refers
to ..

Activity 4
Put (click) in the column True or False based the statement below
No. TRUE FALSE Statements
1. Senna died in an accident happened at Tamburello corner, Jerez
circuit.
2. Sennas mother supported him to involve race since he was young
3. Senna start his career in racing from Go-kart
4. Senna died cause of fever in Italy.
5. Lotus was the first team Senna joined in Formula one
6. He races in formula 1600 and 2000 for three years
7. He got his nickname because his bravery in hot racing
8. Senna won his first winning in Italian Grand prix

Activity 5
Pronounce the words in the box then fill in the blank with the suitable words from the box.

cause meanwhile, due to


cras Track nevertheless complained
Controversy resulted circuit

Sennas death has created a .(1). There are two versions of the way Senna met his death. The
first is William. According to them, the accident happened (2) the under-steering of the car and the bad
condition of the Imola (3). They added that Senna took his feet off the accelerator pedal which
caused the loss of aerodynamic down force. This .(4) in a fatal crash. There was nothing wrong with
the car . .(5), the other version stated that it was not the condition of the circuit that caused Sennas
death. Before the accident happened, Senna ..(6) that he didnt have enough space for his leg.

A..2. Grammar Focus


A.2.1. Past Continuous Tense
1. Sentence Pattern

1. S+ was/were + V ing + O when S+ V2

2. S + was/were + Ving + O while S + was/were +


Ving

2. Examples:

I. Gerry was sleeping in the bedroom when his father came home from the office
Gerry and I were studying in the family room when You arrived
When mother Cooked, Dina was having breakfast
48
When You went out we were watching foot ball on TV
2. Mia was typing the report while Sari was writing the resume
Sari and I were climbing the rope while the other groups were running trough the
foot step
While you were sleeping we were playing football
While the farmers were working in the field their children were playing kites

3. Functions
To express activity/activities that is done in the same time with other activity/happening in the past time

Activity 6
Combining the two sentences using when or while
1. Brendan was going home from school. It began to rain
.
2. The phone rang. Renata was playing in the garden
.
3. Zainal was watching television. I began to sleep

4. Dana was studying. Lola Came
.
5. Sarah got the key. Her mother was looking for it
.
6. Marni called Bob. Bob was playing the guitar
.
7. The taxi was moving on. Sari got off
.
8. Mother was sleeping. The baby cried
.

A.2.2. Past Perfect Tense


a. Sentence Pattern
Pola

1. S + had V 3 + O when S + V2
before S + V2

2. After S + had V3 + O , S+ V2
As soon as S + had v3 + O , S +v2

b. Examples:
Andi had finished his breakfast before he went to school
Tina had cooked the meal when her husband came
After we had caught the elephant , we sold it
As soon as we had arrive at the airport , we took a rest in a hotel
c. Functions
- To express activity/activities that has finished doing when another activity happened in the past.
- To express a sequence of activities that happened in the past time

Activity 7
Put the verb in the verb into the correct order.
1. Dina .( take) my book yesterday?
2. Budi .(be) smart. He always got ten at English but she is lazy now
3. We ..(be) in the camping ground last week. The boys scout had a camp fire

49
4. (be) the teacher sick yesterday ?. He ...(be) absent
5. The hunter .(kill) some lions in the last hunting season.
6. The peasants .(plant) corn in the last planting season.
7. The dentist ..(operate) my sister teeth last night.
8. The President .(will) come if you ....(came) last night.
9. My son(not, pick) up the flower, someone else did it .
10. The governor ..(open) the festival last night?

B. Modelling of Text
B.1. Historical recount
Activity 9
Read the text carefully
Text Structure The Spanish Armada
Orientation
- Who In May 1588 Spain was the most powerful country in the world.
- What King Philip II of Spain was determined to conquer England and
- Where become its King. He ordered a large number of ships to be
- When prepared to set sail and invade England.

Series of Events. At first Queen Elizabeth I ignored the rumours of a Spanish


The events are represented by invasion, but soon she came to realise the great danger the
action verbs (material country was in and she made sure that England would be
processes) prepared for a battle. Eventually the Spanish were ready and
over 100 ships set sail towards the English Channel.
As soon as the Spanish ships were seen from the English
coast, fires were lit on the hills as a signal that the invasion was
Time conjunctions and coming. When the Spanish ships got close enough the English
connectives navy closed in and a great sea battle began.
Once the battle began it was obvious to the Spanish that they
would be defeated. Not only did the English sailors have
stronger and more powerful ships, they also made terrifying use
of fire ships boats that were deliberately set ablaze and then
sent in amongst the Spanish fleet.
At last the battle was over. A few Spanish ships escaped and
eventually reached home, but many were sunk and to this day
some of their wrecks still lie on the seabed in the English
Channel.

Taken From : K-6 Board Studies of NSW. Student samples


Understanding the content of the recount
01. Who wanted to invade England?
_______________________________________________________________________________
50
02. Where did he come from?
_______________________________________________________________________________
03. Did the Queen Elizabeth I believe the rumours about the Spanish invasion?
_______________________________________________________________________________
04. How many ships were used by Spain to invade English?
_______________________________________________________________________________
05. When were fire lit on the hills ?
_______________________________________________________________________________
06. Why was fire lit?
_______________________________________________________________________________
6. What were fire ships?
_______________________________________________________________________________
7. Who won the battle, at last?
_______________________________________________________________________________

Understanding the generic structure and the language features of the recount
01. What is the text about?
_______________________________________________________________________________
02. Does it tell what happened in the past?
_______________________________________________________________________________
03. The action verbs tell what happened. Underline the action verbs in the text?. How many action verbs have
you got?
_______________________________________________________________________________
04. Write the time conjunction you can find in the text?
_______________________________________________________________________________
05. Does the text contain reorientation?
_______________________________________________________________________________

Understanding what refers by the pronouns


01. .. and become its King. The word its refers to
_______________________________________________________________________________
02. He ordered a large number of ships to be prepared to set sail and invade England. The word He refers to

_______________________________________________________________________________
03. she came to realise the great danger the country was in and she made sure that England would be
prepared for a battle. The word she refers to
_______________________________________________________________________________
04. . Spanish that they would be defeated.. The word they refers to
_______________________________________________________________________________
05 they also made terrifying use of fire ships boats that were deliberately set ablaze. The word they
refers to
_______________________________________________________________________________

B.2. Short Functional text.


Activity 10.

1. Wanted dead or live

2. DONT LET THEM DIE

Questions.
51
1. What kind of text are they
___________________________________________________________
2. What is the function of the text?
____________________________________________________________
3. The notice number is usually issued by
____________________________________________________________
4. Where can you usually find the notice?
____________________________________________________________

Activity 11
Write a notice based on the following situation
1. You just painted your wall. You wont no body touch it.

2.You wont no body stepping on the grass in front of your house.

3. The river in front of your house is too deep. You wont no body swimming there.

C. Joint Construction of Text


Activity 12.
In group of four, Write a biographical recount of the one of the following figures. Follow the structure of the text. Mind
your tenses, word choices, and punctuation.
You may follow these steps.
Step 1 Make an outline
Step 2 Make a draft
Step 3 Revise your draft based on your teachers suggestion
Step 4 Write your final draft, then submit it to your teacher.

52
Name : ___________________ Date : ___________________
Students number : ___________________

___________________________

Orientation

Event 1

Event 2

Event 3, etc

Re-orientation

D. Independent Construction of Text


Activity 13
Write a recount text on your own.
You could write about
A historical moments
A famous or influential person in the world.

53
UJI KOMPETENSI 2

A. Choose the correct answer by crossing a,b,c,d


Text 1.

The Day I Became a Hero


I was as amazed as anyone else when I found Brian. I was flying low over an area of forest, miles from
anywhere, when I noticed smoke.
After that I pulled round and flew in low for a better look. First, I noticed that someone had cleared an
area of trees. Then I saw the camp. I had to circle round a couple of times. After a while I was ready to fly in
low and put the plane down on the lake. Next I paddled across to where Brian was standing, staring at me as if
I was a ghost. Suddenly, he spoke and said his name.
You could have knocked me flat when I realised that I had found the kid!
01. Ais : What kind of text is it?
Fathur : It is . Text.
a. Recount c. song
b. Spoof d. narrative

02. Ais : What is the purpose of this kind of text?


Fathur : As our teacher said the purpose is
a. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining
b. to present two points of view about an issue
c. to amuse or entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways
d. to describe how something accomplished trough a sequence of steps

03. Ais : How is the generic structure of the kind of text?


Fathur : As our teacher explained the generic structure are.
a. goal, events, reorientation
b. goal, materials and equipments, resolution
c. orientation, events, reorientation
d. orientation, steps, goal

04. Ais : What kind of verb is mainly used in the text?


Fathur : It is
a. mental verbs c. linking verbs
b. thinking verbs d. action verbs

05. Ais : The material processes used in the text mainly are in ..
Fathur :
a. infinitive form c. participle form
b. past from d. Ing form

06. Ais : Who flew over the forest?


54
Fathur : I think
a. The writer
b. The reader
c. Brian
d. The kid

07. Ais : What did the teller notice when he flew?


a. Brian
b. Forest
c. smoke
d. anyone

08. What s the authors feeling after the journey?


a. sad
b. angry
c. happy
d. confuse

09. I was as amazed as anyone else when I found Brian. I was flying low over an area of forest, miles from
anywhere, when I noticed smoke.
The underlined sentence is called
a. twist
b. events
c. orientation
d. reorientation

10. Which paragraph tell us the events ?


a. paragraph 2
b. paragraph 3
c. paragraph 4
d. paragraph 2 and 3

11. Which belong to temporal sequence?


a. probably
b. when
c. next
d. next week

12. What is the setting of the story?


a. forest
b. The camp
c. lake
d. ghost

13. What tenses is mostly used?


a. present simple
b. past simple
c. present continuous
d. Past continuous

14. Kelly : When did you arrive at this town?


Marissa : I .in Karanganyar yesterday morning.
55
a. arrived
b. had arrived
c. arrive
d. arrives

15. John Doe : What did you do when I worked over time last night?
Mc Pherson : Oh, when you worked over time at the office I .our dinner
a. cook
b. cooked
c. is cooking
d. was cooking

16. Marlon : When did you eat at Diamond restaurant?


Brando : We ate at Diamond restaurant .
a. : next time
b. a week later
c. a week ago
d. now

17. Dina : Ill have a student meeting this afternoon. Would you like to come?
Dona : Of course. I have no schedule at the time.
The underlined utterances expresses Dinas.
a. offering invitation
b. receiving invitation
c. declining invitation
d. refusing invitation

18. Oprah : I invite you to come to my birthday party next Sunday. Will you come?
Dian : . I have a picnic with my family.
a. All right
b. No problem
c. Id love too
d. Id love too, but I cant

19. Farmer 1 : The rainy season has already begun. So, this is the right time for us to start planting rice. Dont
you agree.
Farmer 2 : .., thats a good idea.
a. I disagree
b. I agree entirely
c. I cant decide
d. I cant go along with it.

20. Bondan : Nita, You won the first winner in this debate contest.
Nita : Thank you very much. You are good too.
a. congratulation
b. you are really bad
c. condolences
d. She is really great.

56
Ulangan harian 2
(Recount Reading)

A. Choose the correct answer by crossing a,b,c,d


Text 1
Success Story
Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a young man. Frank is
now the head of a very large company, but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. It was his job to
repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day. He saved money for years and in
1938 he bought a small work-shop of his own. During the war Frank made spare parts for aeroplanes.
At that time he had two helpers. By the end of the war, the small work shop had become a large factory
which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people. Frank smiled when he remembered his hard
early years and the long road to success.

01. The text above mainly discusses about .


a. The death of Frank Hawkins
b. The life of Frank Hawkins
c. The failure of Frank Hawkins in making his business
d. The starting of Frank Hawkins in building his business

02. The purpose of the text is to ... .


a. tell pass events.
b. entertain readers
c. describe a journey
d. report an event to the readers

03. What kind of text is it ?


It is a ....
a. procedure
b. recount
c. descriptive
d. narrative

04. What was Frank first job?


a. a shop keeper
b. a spare part maker
c. a bicycle repairer
d. a director

05. When can Frank Hawkins have a workshop?


a. in 1935
b. in 1936
c. in 1937
d. in 1938

Text 2.

57
By Air
I used to traveling by air and only on one occasion have I ever felt frightened.
After taking off, we flew low over the city. It slowly went high to the sky. But, suddenly it turned round
and flew back to the airport.
An air-hostess told us to keep calm and to get off the plane quietly as soon as it touched down.
Everybody on board was worried and we were curious to find out what happened.
Later we learnt that there was a very important person on board. Earlier somebody told the police
that there was a bomb on the plane.
After we landed, the police searched the plane carefully. Fortunately they did not find a bomb and
five hours later we were able to take off again.
I felt so frightening when I remembered that.
06 Ali : How did the writer use to traveling?
Ani : He usually took
A. A car
B. A ship
C. A bus
D. A plane

07 Ali : Where did he depart from?


Ani : He departed from
A. A bus station
B. An airport
C. A harbour
D. A taxi pool

08. Ali : Why did the plane fly back to the airport?
Ani : because. .
A. There was engine troubles
B. There was sick person on the plane
C. There was a bomb threatening on the plane
D. There were some passengers left at the airport

09 Ali : What did the writer feel after the journey?


Ani : .
A. sad
B. mad
C. angry
D. afraid

10. Ali : I used to traveling by air and only on one occasion have I ever felt frightened.
What is the underlined sentence called ?
Ani : .
A. events
B. orientation
C. resolution
D. reorientation

Text 3
In junior high school, we had to wear a white uniform every Monday. I was in my second year when this
unforgettable event happened. We had music lessons on Mondays. That day, we had a lesson playing a
national song on the recorder. The teacher asked us to stand up almost at he same time. But suddenly, Doddy,
the most handsome boy in the class, who was sitting right behind me, yelled and said What happened to your
skirt, its red, yuck! God, I was having my period! Actually, I had already felt something wet while sitting, but I
didnt have time to check it out because the teacher was already in the class. Now everyone knew about my
period. I felt like I wanted to die. The teacher then asked me to change my skirt, so I had to walk out of the
classroom while trying to cover my skirt with a bag. That was the most humiliating experience Ive ever had.

58
11. When did the story take place?
a. on Sunday
b. on Monday
c. on mathematic lesson
d. on singing lesson

12. How old was possibly the writer then?


a. 8 years old.
b. 12 years old.
c. 14 years old.
d. 17 years old.

13. Which statement is not true based on the story?


a. The writer was in second year of junior high school
b. The writer was in music lesson when this story happened.
c. The teacher was angry when this happened.
d. The writer was wearing white uniform on that day.

14. Did the writer already know that she had period?
a. No, she wasnt
b. Yes, she did
c. No, she didnt
d. yes, she is

15. But suddenly, Doddy, the most handsome boy in the class, who was sitting right behind me, yelled and
said..
The underlined word has almost the same meaning as the word.
a. gazed
b. shouted
c. cried
d. warned

16. How did the writer feel about this experience?


a. sad
b. shy
c. disappointed
d. annoyed

17. Which line do you think the orientation of the story is?
a. 1 and 2
b. 1, 2 and 3
c. 1, 2, 3 and 4
d. 1 until 5

18. The best title of the story is


a. my period and my experience.
b. my embarrassing experience on my period
c. my friends and I
d. my white skirt.
19. How many events are there in the story?
a. 2
b. 3
c. 4
d. none

59
20. Which sentence shows the reorientation of the story?
a. In junior high school, we had to wear a white uniform every Monday
b. That day, we had a lesson playing a national song on the recorder
c. I had to walk out of the classroom while trying to cover my skirt with a bag.
d. That was the most humiliating experience Ive ever had

21. I always ..my homework when I was at elementary school.


a. do
b. does
c. did
d. done

22. Lena her homework when I visited her yesterday


a. done
b. is doing
c. was doing
d. were doing

23. After Budi his motorcycle, he left for school.


a. cleans
b. cleaned
c. was cleaning
d. had cleaned

24. Andi has studied the whole night for the text, .he just got 5
a. so
b. neither
c. too
d. but

25. Rina : You must water these roses.


Alia :. I didnt hear what you said
Rina : I said once more you must water these roses.
a. can you tell me
b. pardon me!
c. Can I repeat please!
d. pardon you!

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PERSIAPAN UJIAN SEMESTER GASAL

A. Choose the correct answer by crossing a,b,c,d, or e


A. Reading text (1-35)
Text 1.
A young man jumped into a river yesterday morning to save a twelve year-old boy. The boy was swimming in
the river, but its current was too strong for him. He shouted out for help.
The young man was riding across the bridge on his bicycle. He quickly got off and jumped into the river
with all his clothes on. He swam to the boy and brought him, to safety. The boy thanked the young man, and
ran off down the road. He climbed over a gate before disappearing over the top of a hill.
Many people were looking on and asked the young man what his name was. He said, Why should I
give you my name? if I want to help the boy, thats my business. He than ran back to the bridge, got on his
cycle and rode away.
01. What kind genre is it?
a. Descriptive c. recount
b. Narrative d. procedure

02.How is the generic structure of it?


a. Orientation, complication, resolution
b. Orientation, events, reorientation
c. Goal, materials needed, steps
d. Newsworthy event, background, sources

03.What kind of tense is mostly used in that text?


a. Simple present tense c. Perfect tense
b. Continuous tense d. Past tense

04.This word is NOT in the past form. It is


a. Rode away c. Want
b. Ran off down d. Jumped into

05. Where can you find the orientation?


a. In the last paragraph
b. In the first paragraph
c. In paragraph two
d. No orientation on the text above

06. Why was the boy trapped in the river flow?


a. He jumped into the river with his clothes on
b. He had swum too fair
c. The current was too strong for him
d. He shouted out for help

07. What was the young man doing at that time?


a. He was swimming in the river
b. He was cycling across the bridge over it
c. He was running down the road
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d. He was talking to his friend

08.What did the boy do before he ran away?


a. He said it was not his business
b. He disappeared over the top of the hill
c. He climbed over the gate
d. He thanked the young man

09. Why didnt people know about the young man?


a. The young man drowned in the river
b. The young man refused to tell his name
c. The young man was very frightened
d. The young man ran away after that

10. Why did the man refuse to say his name?


a. The boy didnt give his name
b. He didnt want to see the boy punished
c. He thought it was his own business
d. He didnt want to be popular

Text 2.
TOO LATE

The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable
parcel of diamonds from South Africa. A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try
to steal the diamonds. When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building
while others were waiting on the airfield. Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs
House. While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise,
the precious parcel was full of stones and sand !

11. Which sentence showed the first event?


a. The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning
b. They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from South Africa
c. When the plane arrived some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building
d. A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds
e. Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House

12. Who are the participants in the story ?


a. the police
b. detectives
c. the police and the thieves
d. someone, the police,
e. the detectives, the police, the thieves, someone

13. What tenses does the story mostly use ?


a. resent tense
b. past tense
c. past continuous
d. present future
e. past perfect

14. How many detectives were there in the Custom House when they opened the parcel?
a. many detectives
b. one detectives
c. two detectives
d. three detectives
e. four detectives
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15. Where did two men take the parcel after the arrival of the plane?
a. into the Custom House
b. in the plane
c. in the airport
d. in the plane cabin
e. at the door

Text 3
An English teacher explained about colors to his students.
After he finished explaining, he asked his students, Who can make a sentence using the words green,
pink and yellow?
James, the cleverest student in the class, quickly raised his hand and answered, When the yellow
morning sun comes, I see a beautiful girl wearing a pink dress walking through the green grass. Great!
James, you are a very good student, exclaimed the teacher.
Me, me, Sir Johnny, the laziest student in the class said while rising his hand.
And then he said, I heard the telephone rang greengreen, then I pinked up the receiver and I
said, Yellow, whos speaking there?

16. In your opinion what is the purpose of this text?


a. To educate the students
b. To entertain the readers
c. To make people laugh when reading it
d. To tell the students not to make fun of him

17. What tense is mostly used in this text?


a. Past tense
b. Present tense
c. Perfect tense
d. Present continuous tense

18. How many events are there in this text?


a. Theres only one event in the text
b. There are two events, I think
c. Exactly three events
d. There are five

19.These are the participants of the story, except ..


a. English teacher
b. I
c. James
d. Johnny

20. In what paragraph can we find the orientation of the text?


a. Second
b. First
c. Fifth
d. Fourth

Text 4
Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta is one of the nicest places I have ever visited. It is a popular resort for peoples who like
cultural and historical sites.
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Yogyakarta is a small city but there are lots of different things to see. There are many temples in the
province, such as Prambanan, Kalasan, and Sambisari. There are also two palaces that we must not miss,
Hamengkubuwono and Paku Alam Palace.
Yogyakarta is a a tropical city. There are lots of palm trees and other tropical fruit trees. There are also
beautiful beaches, such as Parangtritis, Krakal, Kukup, Glagah. It is not difficult to get the city at the day
because taxis and buses are easily found.Unfortunately, there is no bus in the evening. The only way to see
the nightlife of the city is by taxi, but it is rare at night.
I like Yogyakarta because its a beautiful and peaceful city. Id like to visit again one day.

21. What kind of text is it ?


It is a ....
a. hortatory exposition d. anecdote
b. analytical exposition e. recount
c. description

22. What is the goal of the text ?


It is to ....
a. to describe a place d. to describe
b. to explain. E. to inform
a. to retell

23. Which of the following cant be found in Yogyakarta ?


a. Cultural sites d. handycrafts
b. Historical sites e. snowy mountain
c. beaches

24. How many kind of palaces can you find in Yogyakarta?


There are ... .
a. 1 d. 4
b. 2 e. 5
c. 3

25. ..... but it is rare at night.


The synonym of the underlined is .... .
a. scarce d. often
b. unusual e. sometimes
c. never

26. How do you see the nightlife in Yogyakarta ?


a. By bus d. By train
b. By becak e. By taxi
c. By car

Text 5
A Great Temple of Borobudur

Borobudur is a great Buddhist temple.

The temple is located in Magelang on the island of Java in Indonesia. Built in the 9th century
under the Sailendra dynasty of Java. It was abandoned in the 11th century and partially excavated by
archaeologists in the early 20 the century.

Influenced by the Gupta architecture of India, the temple is constructed on a hill 46 m (150
feet) high and consists of eight steplike stone terraces, one on top of the other. The first five
terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhists sculpture in bas-relief; the
upper three are circular, each with a circle of bell-shape stupas (buddhist Shrines) The entire edifice is
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crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some
4.8 km ( some 3 miles) of passages and stirways. The design of Borobudur, a temple mountain
symbolizing the structure of the unviverse, influenced temples built at Angkor, Cambodia.
Borobudur was rededicated as an Indonesia national monument in 1983 following extensive
reclamtion, aided by the United Nations
(Microsof R Encarta R Reference Library 2005)

27. What kind of text is it ?


It is a ....
a. spoof d. description
b. recount e. hortary report
c. narative

28. What is the goal of the text ?


It is to ....
a. to describe something
b. to retell events with a homorous twist.
c. to retell events for the purpose of informing
d. to describe how something is done through steps.
e. to inform readers, listeners or viewers about an events of the day which are considered newsworthy or
important.

29. The text is told using ....


a. Simple Present Tense
b. Simple Past Tense
c. Simple Future tense
d. Present Perfect Tense
e. Past Perfect Tense

30. What is the structure of the text above ?


It is ....
a. Identification, description.
b. orientation, event 1, event 2 , twist
c. abstract, orientation, crisis, incident, coda
d. newsworthy event, background event, sources
e. material needed, step-1, step 2, step-n

31. What kind of temple is Borobudur ?


It is a ....
a. Hindu d. Christian
b. Moslem e. Shaolim
c. Buddhist

32. Who built the Borobudur Temple ?


a. Majapahit Kingdom d. Sanjaya Dynasty
b. The United Nation e. Syailendra Dynasty
c. Gupta Dynasty

33. Who gives assistance to rebuild the Borobudur Temple?


a. Indonesian National Monument
b. The United Nations
c. Indonesia citizens
d. Gupta Dynasty
e. Cambodia

34. .....,aided by the United Nations. ( Pr. 3)


The synonim of the uderlined word is ....
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a. assisted, helped d. spoiled
b. built e. destroyed
c. reconstructed

35. What do you call a part of the temple which is in the form of bell ?
It is a ....
a. terrace d. sculpture
b. statue e. relief
c. stupa

B. Listening (36-40)
The following text is for questions number 36 to 38

36. What is the name of the plant


a. rose c. flowers
b. jasmine d. orchid

37. How are the flowers? It has


a. big white flowers
b. long blue flowers
c. big red flowers
d. small white flowers

38. How high the plant? It is about ..high.


a. two metres c. a half metre
b.one metres d. a quarter

The following text is for questions number 39 and 40.


39. What did Tommy do last Sunday? He ..
a. had a football game in Tawangmangu
b. visited his friend in Tawangmangu
c. had a trip to Tawangmangu
d. had a camp in Tawangmangu

40. When did Tommy have that activity?


a. Saturday, December 3, 2006
b. Sunday, December 4, 2006
c. Monday, December 5, 2006
d. Tuesday, December 6, 2006

C. Writing test.
Arrange these sentences into a good paragraph .
1) We decide to go to Pangandaran beach
2) We had a picnic last Sunday
3) Mr. Johan, our driver drove the van carefully.
4) We started to go at seven oclock.
5) We arrived at the beach at nine oclock.
6) Dono sat beside the driver, I and my other friends sat behind the driver
7) Then we ate before playing at the beach
8) We were glad, we talked, laughed and sang along the way back home.
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9) We came home at two oclock.
10) We played at the beach for three hours.

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