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A Project Proposal

Under the STUDENT PROJECT SCHEMES (SPS)


Submitted to the

TAMILNADU STATE COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,


Autonomous body of Government of Tamilnadu
DOTE CAMPUS
CHENNAI 600 025
BY the students
GOKUL. Y
RAJU. N
SUDHAGAR. K

Under the Guidance of

Mr. sathish kumar. k

Department of Aeronautical Engineering,


P.B. College of Engineering,
Irungattukottai, Sriperumbudur Taluk, Kancheepuram Dist., Chennai: 602117,
STUDENTS DETAILS

Name of students : GOKUL. Y

RAJU. N

SUDHAGAR. K

E-mail id : gokulyuvaraj16@gmail.com

rajukk2501@gmail.com

Name of the Guide : Mr. Sathish kumar.K

Designation : Assistant Professor

Institutional Address : P. B. College Of Engineering,

Irungattukottai, Sriperumbudur tk,

Kancheepuram Dist-602117

Phone no & Mobile no : 9677171415

Project Title : Turbine burner with convergent combustion chamber

Section in which your

project proposal is to

be considered : Engineering & Technology


PROJECT DETAILS

ABSTRACT:

In conventional gas turbine engines fuel is burned in separate combustors before the heated high
pressure gas is expands through turbine to provide power for compressor. This paper proposes that the
high pressure gas from compressor is passes to combustion chamber then fuel is sprayed and further
compressed in combustion chamber which is modified by convergent portion and the combustion
continuously takes place at inside the turbine to increase specific trust of an engine.

AIM:

To increase specific thrust of an engine in an aircraft and to reduce weight of an engine by


introducing a change in structural shape in combustion chamber and also with the help of turbine
burner.

OBJECTIVE:

To increase specific thrust.


To increase thrust-weight ratio
To reduce the specific fuel consumption compared with use of afterburner
To reduction afterburner and weight of the engine

INTRODUCTION:

In general a turbo jet engine is used to produce thrust by acceleration of atmospheric air.
A turbo jet engine consist of a diffuser, compressor, combustion chamber, turbine and a nozzle.
In which the diffuser converts the kinetic energy of entering air into static pressure rise which is
achieved by ram effect. The compressor used is either centrifugal type or axial flow type. The
centrifugal compressor produces high pressure ratio of about 6:1. The use of high pressure ratio
gives very good specific fuel consumption (0.75 kg/kg thrust per hour). The combustor is fed
with high pressure air by the compression system which adds fuel and burns the mixture in
combustion chamber to increase pressure and temperature

Different types of combustors exist, mainly:

Can type: Can combustors are self-contained cylindrical combustion chambers. Each "can"
has its own fuel injector, liner, interconnectors, casing. Each "can" get an air source from
individual opening.
Canannular type: Like the can type combustor, can annular combustors have discrete
combustion zones contained in separate liners with their own fuel injectors. Unlike the can
combustor, all the combustion zones share a common air casing.
Annular type: Annular combustors do away with the separate combustion zones and simply
have a continuous liner and casing in a ring (the annulus).

A turbine is directly connected to the compressor and all the power developed by the
turbine is observed by the compressor and the auxiliaries. The main function of the turbine is to
provide power to the compressor. After the gas leaves the turbine they expand further in exhaust
nozzle and are ejected into the atmosphere with a velocity greater than the flight velocity there
by producing thrust for propulsion. Only limited amount of fuel can be burned in combustion
chamber. The exhaust products downstream of turbine still contain a considerable amount of
excess oxygen. Additional thrust augmentation can be achieved from turbo jet engine by
providing an after burner in which additional fuel can be burned. . But in this proposal we are
going to increase the specific thrust by modifying combustion chamber as convergent and hot
high pressure gas will be burned inside the turbine. This technique will increase the pressure in
combustion chamber and gas will be burned continuously in the turbine. This will help to reduce
NO production. It should be seen as an opportunity to improve performance and reduce weight.
Combustion in turbine passage presents new challenge to combustion.
METHODOLOGY:

By using of computer aided design and simulation software tools the proposed model is
created and the thermodynamic performances were calculated and results were analyzed using
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool.

WORK PLAN:

The compressor setup and turbine 3D model is designed and assembled to shaft using the
CATIA software.

The can annular combustion which is modified as convergent chamber model i is designed
with help of CATIA software.

Meshing is planned to be done by HYPERMESH software

This meshed model is used to analyze amount of pressure and temperature at combustion
chamber and turbine using ANSYS/CFD software.

Finally the specific thrust and thrust-weight ratio is calculated using analytical method

If results are promising the fabrication process will be carried out.

BUDGET:

The amount for fabrication of material


Combustion chamber - 3000
Turbine burner - 5000
Valves and gauges - 2000
Compressor and diffuser - 5000
Total -15000
CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Mr. Y.Gokul, N.Raju, K.sudhagar are bonafide final year students of
U.G.Aeronautical Engineering course of our college and it is also certified that two copies of
utilization certificate and final report along with seminar paper will be sent to the Council after
completion of the project by the end of April 2017.

Signature of the Guide Signature of the HOD Signature of the Principal