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Cards

Term Definition

The effective throat of a complete The thickness of the thinner part


penetration groove weld shall be joined
Term Definition

When welding lengthwise Flare V Groove weld


connecting two round bars, the
proper symbol would be
Term Definition

Fillet welds may be used to connect 30


skewed T joints provided the plates
are set at an angle of not less than
Term Definition

The minimum thickness for a plug 5/8"


weld in material 1" thick shall be
Term Definition

Welding shall not be done when: When ambient temperature is lower


than 0F or
Surfaces are wet or exposed to
rain, snow, or
high wind or When welders are
exposed to in-
clement conditions.
Term Definition

When ambient temperature is lower AWSA5.17 & A5.23


than 0F or
Surfaces are wet or exposed to
rain, snow, or
high wind or When welders are
exposed to in-
clement conditions.
Term Definition

When welding 5/16" plate in the Structural


field, a welder must be certified for
Term Definition

Re-entrant copes shall have a 1"


minimum radius of:
Term Definition

Where tight fit of intermediate 1/16"


stiffeners is specified, it shall be
defined as allowing a gap of up to
Term Definition

Spatter is caused by Welding current too high or arc


length too long
Term Definition

In order to insure sound welds at Extension bars & runoff plates

1
the ends of a joint. The following
shall be used
Term Definition

In repairing cracks in a weld, 2"


remove the crack and sound weld
metal how far beyond each end of
the crack
Term Definition

The removal of slag from a Mandatory


deposited weld bead is:
Term Definition

What electrodes have low hydrogen Electrodes ending 5, 6, or 8.


coating?
Term Definition

With which process would an GMAW


ER70S-X electrode be used
Term Definition

Oven storage of low hydrogen To avoid damage by atmospheric


electrodes is: moisture
Term Definition

Welded joints not pre-qualified Qualified


shall be:
Term Definition

Welder certification may be waived No one


by
Term Definition

Peening is not permitted on Root and surface layers of welds


5.27
Term Definition

The suggested minimum nominal 3/16


thickness of backing bars for
SMAW process is
Term Definition

Pre-heat and interpass Prevent crack formation


temperatures must be sufficient to
Term Definition

Low hydrogen electrodes exposed One time


to the atmosphere for longer
periods then that permitted by
codes shall be
redried no more than
Term Definition

The minimum effective length of a Overall length of full size fillet


fillet weld shall be: including boxing
Term Definition

2
Caulking of welds; What is it and is Caulking of welds is to plastically
it permitted deform weld or base metal surfaces
to seal or obscure discontinuities
as undercut, piping porosity, pin
holes,
cracks, etc. Caulking is not
permitted on most
metals.
Term Definition

In gas metal arc welding the Consumable


electrode is:
Term Definition

The effective area of a fillet weld is: The effective weld length X the
effective throat.
Term Definition

The minimum length of an 1 1/2"


intermittent fillet weld shall be:
Term Definition

The 'U' in joint designation TC-U9a Metal thickness, U = Unlimited


refers to:
Term Definition

Arc strikes outside the area of Avoided


permanent welds should be:
Term Definition

Base metal specification may be ASTM


found in:
Term Definition

Information regarding back Note 4


gouging of roots in a single bevel
groove weld without backing is
found in footnote
section:
Term Definition

What is the required root opening 0 to 1/8"


for the SMA welded CJP single-U-
groove weld:
Term Definition

When spacers are used in the Spacer removed by gouging to


double-bevel groove weld, the weld sound metal be-fore welding
is not to be complete until: second side.
Term Definition

The size of the spacer for double-V 1/8" X 3/8"


groove weld using a 30 bevel and
welded in the overhead position
shall be:
Term Definition

3
What is the required root opening 1/2"
for a single-V-groove weld to a
back-up strip welded in the vertical
position
at 20 angle:
Term Definition

A single J-groove weld preparation 45


in the horizontal position shall be
made with SMAW & groove angle
of:
Term Definition

A break in the arrow shaft in the Which plate to chamfer


symbol in the single bevel groove
weld indicates:
Term Definition

What is the maximum base metal U = Unlimited


thickness in a single bevel groove
weld:
Term Definition

What is the included angle of 20


preparation for the double-V-groove
weld. Using a spacer and a 1/2"
root
Term Definition

In an E70 1 8 electrode, what does Electrode


the E designate
Term Definition

Before welding a joint, the surfaces Scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease,
to be welded shall be free of what? etc.
Term Definition

If a welder is qualified by testing in NO


3/8 inch thick tubular structural
steel in the 6-GR position CJP
using a
E701 8 electrode, is the welder
qualified to weld a PJP on 1 inch
thick Structural Steel plate in the
vertical down
position?
Term Definition

It is usually good practice to E6010 & E6011


oscillate which of the mild steel
SMAW electrodes
Term Definition

The E7024 electrode may be used Flat and horizontal

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in what positions?
Term Definition

Which of the SMAW electrodes has Electrodes with last digit "4"
an iron powder covering?
Term Definition

Which of the SMAW electrodes has Electrodes with last digit "8"
an iron powder and low-hydrogen
covering?
Term Definition

Which welding process would an SMAW


E7018 electrode be used with?
Term Definition

Which welding process would an FCAW


E70T-X electrode be used with?
Term Definition

Single bevel groove, with 45 angle 1/4"


and backing, the root opening must
be what?
Term Definition

The maximum size of a fillet weld in 3/8"


the flat position, and in one pass
shall be how much?
Term Definition

Continuous solid wire electrode GMAW


( E70S-X ) used in semi-automatic
welding would be used in which
process?
Term Definition

Members distorted by welding may Q&T1100F, Other 1200F


be straightened by application of
limited amounts of localized heat.
The
temperature of heated areas as
measured by approved methods
shall not exceed how much for
Quenched and
tempered ( Q. & T.) steel nor how
much for other steels.?
Term Definition

What is the minimum thickness of 0.05"


material to be used for weld
washers?
Term Definition

When parts are to be fillet welded, 3/16" Max


in a lap joint of material under 3"
thick the allowable separation of

5
faying
surfaces shall not exceed how
much?
Term Definition

The maximum size electrode 5/32"


allowed for the root pass of an
overhead fillet weld is what
diameter?
Term Definition

What is the maximum permitted 0.65 %


carbon equivalent for reinforcing
steel that may be welded without
prior qualification
tests?
Term Definition

The first 7 in the E71T-7 designates The tensile strength in 10,000's of


what? psi
Term Definition

The last digit "7" in E7027 Type of flux coating on electrode -


designates what? Iron powder /
Iron oxide; & type of current used -
AC or
DCEN.
Term Definition

When welding a flat fillet root pass, 3/16"


the largest allowable electrode is
what diameter?
Term Definition

The "S" in E70S-3 designates GMAW - Solid wire electrode


what?
Term Definition

The digit "1" in E7018 indicates that All positions


welding is to be in what positions?
Term Definition

Which of the SMAW electrodes has SMAW mild steel electrodes where
an iron powder and iron oxide last digit is
covering? "7", ie. E6027
Term Definition

The E6011 electrode will give more E6010only


penetration than all other SMAW
electrodes except what?
Term Definition

The "60" in E6011 indicates what 60,000 psi Tensile strength


Term Definition

The effective throat thickness of a The root to the face

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fillet weld is computed by
measuring the shortest distance
between what two
points?
{AW
Term Definition

Low hydrogen shielded metal arc 4 hours


electrodes shall be protected from
moisture. The E70XX low hydrogen
electrodes
shall be returned to an oven within
what period of time?
Term Definition

Between "Structural Welding Code 0.055 = approx. 1/16 inch.


- Steel" Dl.l and "Structural Welding
Code - Sheet Steel" D1.3, there is M
a metal thickness overlap of the
minimum for Dl.l and the maximum
for D1.3. How much overlap of
metal
thickness is there?
Term Definition

Even if prior qualification is made, 0.75%


what is the maximum permitted
carbon equivalent for reinforcing
steel that
is to be welded?
Term Definition

In which positions is 1/2" the Vertical


maximum size allowed for a fillet
weld made in one pass?
Term Definition

Using DC straight polarity, the Negative


electrode is which; . . . . positive,
negative or neutral
Term Definition

The minimum preheat and 225F


interpass temperature for ASTM
A572 grade 60 structural steel 2"
thick welded with
SMAW process is how much?
Term Definition

The minimum preheat and 32F


interpass temperature for structural
steel 1/2" welded with the SMAW
process and

7
an electrode other than Low
Hydrogen is how much?
Term Definition

The largest electrode permitted 5/16"


when welding in the flat position is
what diameter
Term Definition

E7018 electrodes are used with AC & DCEP


what type of welding current
Term Definition

Should back-up strips or bars be No; Not mandatory but permissible


removed from all welds? Explain
Term Definition

Shielded metal arc electrodes with 2 hours


low hydrogen covering shall be
kept dry in storage ovens. Low
hydrogen
electrodes of the E80XX series
when taken from the oven shall be
used within what period of time?
Term Definition

Except for root pass, the largest 1/4


electrode permitted for out of
position welding is what diameter
Term Definition

Reverse polarity means that the Positive


electrode is which; .. . positive,
negative or netural ?
Term Definition

What does "CJP" in the tail Complete Joint Penetration


specifications part of a weld
symbol mean?
Term Definition

What kind of metal is classified as Aluminum


6061-T6?
Term Definition

Safety precautions shall conform to ANSI/AWSZ49.1


the latest edition of what
specification published by the
American Welding
Society?
Term Definition

If the tensile strength of a single 60,000 psi


pass weld made with an E6010
electrode is 60,000 p.s.i. what
would the tensile

8
strength of a six pass weld be?
Term Definition

The amount of lap required for a 1 inch


fillet welded lap joint shall be at
least five times the thickness of the
thinner
plate not less than how much?
Term Definition

Backing strips are used to prevent Metal, weld metal, carbon,flux, gas,
melting through roots of grooves glass tape, etc.
welds by using what for backing
material?
Term Definition

The minimum angle of the plates in 30


a skewed T joint, to be welded with
fillet weld, shall not be less than
how
many degrees to be considered as
effective in transmitting applied
force?
Term Definition

The minimum thickness of a plug 3/8"


or slot weld in 3/8" plate is how
much?
Term Definition

The largest size of crater permitted No crater of any size is allowed


and left at the end of a weld is how
much?
Term Definition

A fillet weld when measured for Leg length of the largest inscribed
size shall be measured how? isosceles rt.
triangle
Term Definition

what are the education and CWI: 5 years experience, or 3 years


experience requirements for a & a technical degree; CAWI: 2 years
CWI? CAWI? experience, or 6 months & a
technical degree
Term Definition

welding inspectors can be 1) code or governing body; 2)


categorized how? purchaser's, customer's, or owner's
(QA); 3) fabricator's,
manufacturer's, or contractor's
(QC); 4) architect's or engineer's
Term Definition

what document(s) cover(s) safety in ANSI Z49.1


welding and cutting?

9
Term Definition

which is most general of the standard


following terms: code, standard,
specification?
Term Definition

ASME B31.1 & B31.3 cover what B31.1 covers pressure vessels and
subjects? power piping, B31.3 covers
chemical process piping
Term Definition

Interpass temperatures are 1"


measured what distance from the
joint?
Term Definition

What topics are covered by ASME V covers nondestructive


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code examination; VIII covers Unfired
sections V, VIII, & IX? Pressure Vessels, and IX covers
Welding and Brazing Qualifications
Term Definition

In structural applications, when the AWS D1.3 - sheet metal


metal thickness is less than 1/8",
what AWS code applies?
Term Definition

Fillet welds may be measured using -1/32"


a tolerance of :____
Term Definition

is the name of the document that WPS - Welding Procedure


prescribes the details of how a Specification
weld must be performed.
Term Definition

When it is impractical for the random-partial


welding inspector t witness all tests
and observe all welds during
production, what kind of inspection
results?
Term Definition

the welding inspector is a written document


responsible for judging
acceptability of a product in accord
with what?
Term Definition

which code choices are available AWS D1.1; API 1104; AWS D1.2
for taking AWS QC1 CWI/CAWI (structural aluminum); AWS D1.5
exams? (Bridge); AWS D15.1 (Railroad);
ASME VII & IX; ASME IX, B31.1, &
B31.3
Term Definition

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AWS D1.1 specifies that SNT-TC-1a
nondestructive testing must be
performed by an individual
qualified in accordance with what
document?
Term Definition

ASME B31.1 & B31.3 cover what B31.1 covers pressure vessels and
subjects? power piping, B31.3 covers
chemical process piping
Term Definition

Interpass temperatures are 1"


measured what distance from the
joint?
Term Definition

welding symbols are defined in AWS A2.4


what publication?
Term Definition

What topics are covered by ASME V covers nondestructive


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code examination; VIII covers Unfired
sections V, VIII, & IX? Pressure Vessels, and IX covers
Welding and Brazing Qualifications
Term Definition

In structural applications, when the AWS D1.3 - sheet metal


metal thickness is less than 1/8",
what AWS code applies?
Term Definition

which code choices are available AWS D1.1; API 1104; AWS D1.2
for taking AWS QC1 CWI/CAWI (structural aluminum); AWS D1.5
exams? (Bridge); AWS D15.1 (Railroad);
ASME VII & IX; ASME IX, B31.1, &
B31.3
Term Definition

for fillet welds on material greater 1/16", no exceptions


than 1" thick or greater, what is the
allowable undercut? Are there
exceptions?
Term Definition

in cases of dispute over welding AWS A3.0


terms, what document prevails?
Term Definition

the standard describing the API 1104


requirements for welding cross-
country pipeline is:
Term Definition

acetylene becomes unstable above 15psi


what pressure?

11
Term Definition

safety training is mandated under OSHA


the provisions of what agency?
Term Definition

Name the ending numbers in the 70X5, 70X6, 70X8


classification E-70XX for low
hydrogen SMAW electrodes
Term Definition

Name the position numbers in the 701X is all positions, 702X is flat
classification of E-70XX SMAW and horizontal only
electrodes
Term Definition

T or F: according to AWS D1.1, TRUE


steel backing on groove welds
must be continuous.
Term Definition

At what level are currents 6mA


considered "primary shock
currents" and hence dangerous?
Term Definition

what is the most common ASTM A-36, 36ksi (36,000 psi), and 58ksi
structural steel? What is its
minimum yield strength? What is
its minimum Ultimate Tensile
Strength (UTS)?
Term Definition

AWS D1.1 states that all surfaces to thick scale, slag, moisture, rust,
be welded and surfaces adjacent grease, and other foreign material.
must be free from what elements? Paint & mill scale (not loose or
thick) are acceptable
Term Definition

what is the numerical designation A5.1


for the AWS filler metal
specification "Carbon Steel
Covered Arc Welding Electrodes"?
Term Definition

what is the numerical designation A5.5


for the AWS filler metal
specification "Low Alloy Steel
Covered Arc Welding Electrodes"?
Term Definition

The American Welding Society AWS QC1


certifies welding inspectors
according to what document?
Term Definition

what topics do the sections of AWS 1) General Requirements; 2) Design

12
D1.1 cover? of Welded Connections; 3)
Prequalification of WPSs;
4)Qualification; 5) Fabrication; 6)
Inspection; 7) Stud Welding; 8)
Strengthening and Repair of
Existing Structures
Term Definition

what are the two kinds of welding Fabrication/Erection (QC), and


inspectors defined by the AWS Verification (QA)
D1.1? What are their roles?
Term Definition

"Authorized Inspector" is a term an "Authorized Inspector" is one


associated with what? By what who has bottom-line QC
organization are they certified? responsibility; they are certified by
the National Board of Boiler and
Pressure Vessel Inspectors
Term Definition

How often are new editions of the every 2 years


AWS AD1.1 published?
Term Definition

what does the "Code of Ethics" of public safety


the AWS QC1 consider to be the
most important obligation of a
welding inspector
Term Definition

what is a MTR? Material Test Report


Term Definition

For material less than 1" thick what 1/32" exception: up to 1/16" for any
is the maximum allowable undercut accumulated length up to 2" in 12"
in a fillet weld? Are there
exceptions?
Term Definition

the term "Contract Documents" 1) all applicable codes; 2) the


refers to what? (structural) plans; 3) the
specifications
Term Definition

what is a specification? a document that describes the


requirements for a particular object
or component
Term Definition

what is a weld discontinuity? an interruption in the typical


structure of the material
Term Definition

what is a weld defect? a discontinuity or discontinuities


that render a product unacceptable
Term Definition

13
what is an RFI? Request For Information
Term Definition

the maximum atmospheric 4 hours


exposure time allowed by AWS D1.1
for E-7018 electrodes is what?
Term Definition

what is the national organization ASCET


for concrete and soils technicians?
Term Definition

under the provisions of AWS D1.1, the contractor


who is ultimately and legally
responsible for assuring that the
welders are certified?
Term Definition

most often, preheat and interpass temperature-indicating crayons


temperatures are measured using (also contact pyrometer)
what?
Term Definition

when the base metal must be 3" (or thickness of material,


preheated prior to welding, AWS whichever is greater))
D1.1 specifies that the arts must be
heated to the required minimum for
at least how far in all directions
prior to welding?
Term Definition

ASTM is an abbreviation for what? American Society for Testing and


Materials
Term Definition

once removed from their original 250F


containers, AWS D1.1 requires that
low-hydrogen electrodes be
maintained in electrode ovens at
what minimum temperature?
Term Definition

What is an ITL? Independent Testing Laboratory


Term Definition

A CWI or CAWI must have passed 20/40 with or without correction


what eye test(s)? and Jaeger J-2 at 12" near vision
acuity (color test may be required
by employer, but is not required by
AWS)

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