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KUWAIT OIL COMPANY (K.S.C.

Engineering Group-

Specification Number
015-CH-1001
Pressure Vessels

1 08 SEPT 9 4 ISSUED AS KOC ENG. GROUP SPEC.


0 07 MAR 9 4 ISSUED FOR INVITATION TO BID

Rev Date Revision BY Chkd Section PE Client


Specification Number Rev Date Sheet

QKOC Engindng Gmup


S p ~ ~ n 01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 2 of 36

CONTENTS

1.0 SCOPE ............................................. 4


2.0 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

3.0 SERVICECONDITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

4.0 TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS ............................. 6


4.1 Company Vessel Design Data ......................... 6
4 . 2 Contractor-Designed Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

5.0 MATERIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

6.0 CODES AND REGULATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

7.0 DESIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7.2 Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
7.3 Combinations of Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
7 . 4 Corrosion Allowance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
7.5 Minimum Thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0

8.0 CONSTRUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
8.1 Heads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
8 . 2 Nozzles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
8.3 Bolting and Gaskets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2
8 . 4 Manholes and Handholes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3
8.5 External Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
8.6 lnternals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
8.7 Skirts and Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4

9.0 FABRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
9.1 Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5
9.2 Radiography ..................................... 1 6
9 . 3 Stress Relieving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
9 . 4 Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7

10.0 INSPECTION AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7


10.1 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7
10.2 Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8
10.3 Vessel Hydrostatic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0

11.0 FIREPROOFING AND INSULATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1

12.0 PAINTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1

13.0 MISCELLANEOUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engineering Group
016-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 3 of 36

14.0 FIELD ERECTION ...................................... 22


15.0 PACKING. MARKING AND DOCUMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

16.0 SPARE PARTS AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

17.0 SUPPLEMENTAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23


17.1 Requirements for Wet Hydrogen Sulphide Service ........... 23
17.2 Metal Lining (Cladding) ............................. 24
17.3 Requirements for Tray Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
17.4 Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

APPENDIX 1: GRAPH FOR DETERMINING PERIODIC TIME T AND LIMITS


FOR STATICIDYNAMIC DESIGNS OF COLUMNS .......... 30

APPENDIX 2: NOZZLE LOADS FOR VESSELS


(HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
APPENDIX 3: LOAD DESIGN CASES AND LOAD COMBINATIONS . . . . . . . . 34

APPENDIX 4: PRESSURE VESSEL TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35


TOLERANCES .HORIZONTAL VESSELS

APPENDIX 4: PRESSURE VESSEL TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36


TOLERANCES .HORIZONTAL VESSELS

.
1.0 SCOPE

1-1 This specification covers the design, manufacture, inspection, testing


and supply of pressure vessels for installation at the Facility in Kuwait.
Vessels within packages shall conform t o this specification.

1.2 This specification complements the data sheets for the equipment in
which the operating conditions and other requirements are listed in
detail.

1.3 The supply of pressure vessels shall fully comply with all relevant
contractual requirements specified in the Scope of Work and Technical
Specification of the Contract.

2.0 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS

2.1 Pressure vessels shall conform in design, materials and performance,


except where otherwise specified, with the current issue and
amendments of the following prevailing on the effective date of the
Contract:

2.1.1 International Standards

ASME Vlll Div 1 Unfired Pressure Vessels

ASME Vlll Div 2 Unfired Pressure Vessels (Alternative


Rules)

ASME IX Qualification Standard for Welding and


Brazing Procedures, Welders, Brazers, and
Welding and Brazing Operators

ASME II Material Specification

ASME V Non-Destructive Examination

ASME B 16.5 Steel Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ASME B 16.9 Factory-Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding


Fittings

ASME B 31.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery


Piping

ASME 816.47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges (NPS 16


through NPS 60)

NACE MR0175 Sulphide Stress Cracking (S.S.C) Resistant


Metallic Material for Oilfield Equipment
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ASTM A578 Specification for Straight Beam Ultrasonic


Level 1 Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates
for Special Applications

WRC Bulletin Local Stresses in Spherical and Cylindrical


No. 107 Shells Due t o External Loadings

WRC Bulletin Supplement t o Bulletin No. 107


No. 297

2.1.2 British Standards

BS 5500 Unfired Pressure Vessels

BS CP3 Basic Data for Design of Buildings


Chapter V

Part 2 Wind Loadings

2.1.3 Engineering Group Specifications

All equipment and accessories covered by this specification


shall comply with all relevant project specifications of which the
following are specifically referenced in this specification:

0 1 5-AH-1001 Basic Design Criteria

015-AH-10 0 2 International Codes and Standards

0 1 5-CG-1001 The Use of Brackish Water for Site


Hydrotesting of Equipment

0 15-KH- 1902 Spare Parts and Maintenance Requirements

0 1 5-LH-1001 Piping Material Classes

0 1 5-MH-1002 Structural Steel Design, Materials and


Fabrication

0 1 5-NH-1003 Thermal and Acoustic Insulation

0 1 5-NH-1004 Passive Fireproofing Materials and


Application

015-UH-1001 Packing, Marking and Documentation

0 1 5-WH-1001 Welding Procedure Approval and Welding


Quality Requirements
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01 5-XH-1005 Shop and Field Painting

2.2 Compliance with this specification shall not relieve the Contractor of its
responsibility to supply equipment suited to meet the specified service
conditions and applicable regulations.

2.3 Where conflicts exist between this specification and other Drawings,
standards, codes and specifications, the most stringent shall be applied.

3.0 SERVICE CONDITIONS

3.1 The pressure vessels shall be suitable for continuous operation at a


desert location under high ambient temperatures and humidity. The
atmosphere at the Facility is generally dusty and corrosive and may
contain traces of hydrogen sulphide.

3.2 Pressure vessels shall in all respects be suitable for continuous operation
in the service conditions stated in the Engineering Group Specification
entitled "Basic Design Criteria" (Number 01 5-AH-1001 ).

4.0 TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

4.1 C o m ~ a n vVessel Desian D a u

Principal design Drawings which include design conditions, material


specifications, principal dimensions, general requirements, etc. shall be
furnished for each vessel by the Company.

4.2 Contractor-Desianed Vessels

4.2.1 When pressure vessels are furnished as part of a "package unit"


or vessels whose inherent special process design features
classify them as "proprietary" items, they shall be designed in
compliance with all applicable sections of this specification.

4.2.2 Where data sheets indicating general service requirements,


materials of construction, principal dimensions or capacities,
etc., but no design, are furnished by the Company, the vessels
shall be designed in accordance with all applicable sections of
this specification which shall be in line with the relevant codes,
standards and specifications.

4.2.3 Vertical or horizontal vessels with removable internals (i.e., filter


vessels, etc.) shall have at least one 24-in. nominal bore (NB)
manway where the vessel inside diameter (ID) is greater than
91 5 mm. Vessels 91 5 mm ID and less with removable internals
shall have body flanges and/or a Company-approved quick
release closure.
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4.2.4 Any deviation from these requirements shall be approved, in


writing, by the Company.

5.0 MATERIALS

All materials shall be new and of first quality and of the type and grade
specified on the individual vessel drawings and data sheets.

No substitution of material may be made without the written approval


of the Company.

Structural quality steels are not acceptable for pressure-retaining parts.

Carbon content of ferritic steel components for welding shall not exceed
0.23%. The maximum carbon equivalent shall be 0.43%.

Tubes or pipe for welding shall be seamless and manufactured by open


hearth, basic oxygen or electric furnace process for pressure retaining
parts.

Internal attachments of columns and vessels, such as tray support rings


and downcomer bolting bars, etc. shall be of the same type of material
as the shell.

Materials for sour service shall conform t o NACE MR0175 (latest


edition) and paragraph 17.1 of this specification.

Where the material specification is not indicated on the vessel data


sheet or for pressure vessels within packages, the proposed material
shall be submitted t o the Company for its approval. The use of ASTM
A51 5 - Grade 7 0 material is not permitted.

6.0 CODES AND REGULATIONS

6.1 Design, materials, fabrication, inspection, testing and stamping shall be


in accordance with the current edition of ASME Section VIII, Division I
or Division II, ASME Section IX and the documents accompanying the
Request for Bids and Purchase Order. When so specified on the data
sheet, vessels shall be stamped with ASME code symbol "U."

6.2 National Laws and Regulations together with any local bylaws for
Kuwait must be complied with.

7.0 DESIGN

7.1 General

7.1 .I Vessels covered by this specification shall be designed for the


most severe combination of conditions which may be
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experienced in construction, normal operation and service. See


paragraph 7.3 for load combinations.

7.2 Loading

7.2.1 Internal Pressure

Design pressure at the highest point of a vertical vessel


and at the highest point of a horizontal vessel shall be
calculated as follows:

Max Operating Pressure (MOP) Design Pressure


1 to 2.4 barg (15 to 35 psig) 3.5 barg (50
psi@
2.4 to 10.4 barg (36 to 150 psig) MOP + 1 barg
(15 psig)
10.4 to 34.5 barg (151 to 500 MOP x 1.1
psig)
34.5 to 69 barg (501 to 1000 MOP + 3.5 barg
psig) (50 psi@
> 69 barg (1000 psig) MOP x 1.05*
* (maximum of MOP + 6.9 barg (100 psig)
The minimum vessel internal design pressure shall be 3.5
barg (50 psig).

Using the design pressure at highest point as stated


above, the design pressure at any lower point is
determined by adding the maximum operating liquid head
and any pressure gradient within the vessel. Minimum
Specific Gravity (SG) is 1.0.

When vessels are stacked, intermediate heads shall be


designed for the maximum differential pressure assuming
either compartment is depressurised, except when design
for differential pressure is indicated on the vessel data
sheet .

7.2.2 External Pressure

Vessels used in vacuum service or subjected to steam-out


conditions shall be designed for an external pressure of 1.0 bar.

7.2.3 Design Temperature

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Design temperature shall not be less than the maximum


temperature the material may attain under the operating
conditions. In general, this shall be taken as 28OC above the
maximum operating temperature unless.otherwise indicated on
the Drawings and data sheets but shall not be less than 93OC.

7.2.4 External Loads

a. Vessels and anchor bolts shall be designed to resist all


external loads such as wind, platforms, davits, connected
pipework, etc. The wind loads shall be calculated as per
BS CP3 Chapter V, Part 2, with the wind velocity of 45
mls at the height of 10 m from the grade level.

b. Design wind speed Vs = V x S1 x S2 x S3 per CP3:


Chapter V, Part 2,

where V =basic wind velocity


S1 topography factor = 1.0
S2 ground roughness category (1) - open
country with no obstructions
S3 statistical factor = 1.0.

Test Loads

Vessel shall be designed to resist all forces when completely


filled with water in the corroded condition unless otherwise
indicated in Drawings and data sheets.

Dynamic Loads

Vertical vessels requiring dynamic design as dictated by


Appendix 1 of this specification shall be additionally checked
for stability under conditions of wind-induced vibrations. The
maximum allowable lateral deflection of vertical vessels due to
wind shall not exceed HI300 for static and dynamic design (H
= height including skirt).

Nozzles Load

a. Process nozzles, relief lines and piped vent connections


shall be designed to accept the nozzle loads as detailed in
Appendix 2 of this specification.

b. Local loadings may be evaluated in accordance with BS


5500 Appendix G or WRC Bulletin No. 107 or 297, as
referred by ASME Section VIII, Div. 1.
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01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 1 0 of 36
Spedtkxtion

7.3
. .
Combmarnns o f LoadiQg

7.3.1 Vertical vessels shall be designed t o be self-supporting with


load design cases and loading combinations in accordance with
Table 1 of Appendix 3 of this specification.

7.3.2 Allowable tensile membrane stresses in tension for non-pressure


parts may be increased by 3 3 113% when wind is in
combination with other loadings. Allowable compressive stress
shall be determined in accordance with ASME Section VIII, Div.
1, paragraph UG-23.

7.3.3 Horizontal vessels supported by t w o saddles shall be


investigated according t o L.P. Zick method for calculating
"Stresses in Large Horizontal Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on
Two Saddle Supports," or BS 5500, Appendix G, as referred by
ASME Section VIII, Div. 1,

7.3.4 Concrete-bearing stress under baseplates for vertical vessels


and columns shall not exceed 5 Nlmm2.

7.4 Corrosion Allowance

7.4.1 The minimum corrosion allowance for carbon steel and low
alloy vessels shall be 3.0 mm unless otherwise specified on the
Drawing or data sheet.

7.4.2 The corrosion allowance shall be added t o both sides of tray


support rings and other fixed internals when exposed t o
corrosive liquids or atmosphere. Removable carbon or low-alloy
steel internals shall have one half of the corrosion allowance
added t o each side where exposed t o corrosive liquids or
atmospheres.

7.4.3 The corrosion allowance for nozzles and manways shall be at


least equal t o that specified for vessel shell.

7.5 Minimum Thickness

7.5.1 For vessels fabricated of carbon or low-alloy steel, the minimum


shell or head thickness before corrosion allowance is added
shall be the greater of 6.4 mm (for vessels outside diameter
(OD) up t o 2700 mm) or Dl800 +
3 where D = nominal vessel
diameter in millimeters (for vessels OD 2700 m m and above).

7.5.2 The thickness after forming of straight flange of dished heads


shall not be less than the thickness of the shell course t o which
it is attached.
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7.5.3 The minimum thickness for ,high-alloy steel pressure containing


parts shall be 4.8 mm.

7.5.4 Thickness specified on Drawings and documents for pressure


parts must be considered as minimum design thickness.
Account shall be taken of rolling tolerances, forming of different
parts, etc. The final thicknesses used shall be the full
responsibility of the Contractor.

8.0 CONSTRUCTION

8.1 Heads

8.1 .I Dished and flanged heads, or spun heads, shall be used except
when flat or hemispherical closures are required t o satisfy a
special design feature.

8.1.2 Semi-ellipsoidal heads are preferred. Torispherical heads with


a distinct crown and knuckle radius (preferably 1 0 % of
diameter), and dimensions within the design code, are
acceptable.

8.1.3 The proposed head shapes, together with dimensional details,


must be stated at quotation and on the working Drawings.

8.1.4. Carbon and low-alloy steel, cold formed heads shall be


normalised.

8.2 Nozzles

Electric Resistant Welding (ERW) pipe is not acceptable for


nozzle necks. Seamless pipe shall be used for up t o NPS
1 6 in. Rolled plate may be used in lieu of seamless pipe subject
t o full penetration welding and 100% radiography of the weld
for NPS 1 6 in. and over.

Flanges shall be forged welding neck type unless otherwise


stated. Dimensions of flanges up t o NPS 2 4 in. shall conform
t o ANSI B16.5 and t o ASME B16.47 Series A above NPS 2 4 in.
Machining finish shall be in accordance with the Engineering
Group Specification entitled "Piping Material Classes" (Number
0 1 5-LH-1001).

Nozzle construction and materials shall be in accordance with


the specifications and standards as listed on the Drawings and
data sheets. Nozzle projection into vessel for the purpose of
reinforcement is t o be avoided, unless otherwise required for
process reasons.
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Bolt holes in flanges shall straddle the vessel centre lines unless
otherwise stated.

Reinforcing pads shall be of the same material as the shell


plates. A %-in. NPT threaded tell-tale hole shall be provided
complete with a threaded plug, and used for air-testing the
attachment welds.

The edges of shell or head at the periphery of all nozzles shall


be examined by ultrasonics for laminations before cutting and
welding.

Minimum nozzle connection to shell or head shall be 2-in. NB


Nozzles less than 2-in. NB shall be swaged, incorporating a
concentric reducer.

Pipe sizes of 2%-in. NB, 3%-in. NB and 5-in. NB shall not be


used.

Instrument nozzles 2-in. NB and above shall be 300-lb rating


minimum.

8.2.10 Studded flange connections (i.e., studding outlets) are not


permitted.

8.2.1 1 Welding fittings shall be according to ANSI 81 6.9.

8.2.12 The flange neck thickness shall match the pipe schedule.

8.2.13 The minimum thickness of nozzle necks including corrosion


allowance shall be the greater of that calculated by ASME
Section VIII, Div.1, paragraph UG-45 or the thickness listed
below:

Carbon and Low-Allov Steel

a. For sizes up to and including 3-in. NB, use schedule 160


pipe.

b. For sizes over 3-in. NB up to 10-in. NB, use schedule 80


pipe.

c. For sizes over 10-in. NB, use 13-mm minimum thickness.

8.3 Boltina and GaskeQ

8.3.1 Unless otherwise specified on vessel data sheets, bolting shall


conform to the following minimum requirements:
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a. External Bolting for Pressure Parts: studbolts t o ASTM


SA-193 Grade 87, nuts t o ASTM SA-194 Grade 2H heavy
hexagon.

b. External bolting for stainless steel vessels shall also be of


stainless steel material, e.g., A1 93 Grade B8IB8M and
nuts t o A1 9 4 Gr.818M.

c. Internal Bolting: bolts t o be ASTM SA-193 Grade B8 or


B8C. Nuts t o be ASTM SA-194 Grade 8 or 8C unless
otherwise specified. ASTM A307 Grade B shall not be
used for internal bolting.

8.3.2 All studbolts t o be threaded full length. Thread form t o be


Unified National Coarse (UNC) Series for bolts less than 1-in.
diameter and 8-UN series threads for 1-in, diameter and greater.

8.3.3 Equivalent substitute material specifications are subject t o


approval by the Company.

8.3.4 Gaskets for blanked connections shall be as specified on the


equipment data sheet.

8.3.5 Spare bolting shall include at least 1 0 % stud bolts, nuts,


washers, etc. of each (with minimum of t w o units).

8.3.6 The Contractor shall furnish t w o sets of spare gaskets for all
blind flanged nozzles, manholes and shell flanges in addition t o
erection gaskets t o be installed at the Site.

8.4 Manholes and Handholes

8.4.1 Manholes shall be 24-in. NB unless otherwise specified.

8.4.2 All manhole covers shall be provided with adequate davits.

8.4.3 Manways shall be located so as t o enable safe access and


escape for maintenance personnel.

8.4.4 Gripping bars and rungs shall be provided at each manway t o


provide access t o internals.

8.4.5 Horizontal vessels exceeding 6000 mm in length shall be


provided with a minimum of t w o manways.

8.4.6 Only forged steel eye bolts shall be provided for davits.
8.5 External A t t a c h m m

8.5.1 Vertical vessels shall be provided with adequate lifting lugs t o


facilitate handling during transport and Site erection. For large
vessels, specific attention shall be paid t o the design of lifting
lugs t o suit the Site lifting equipment.

8.5.2 All lugs shall be designed for 1.5 times the weight of the
vessel.

8.5.3 Where vertical vessels have H-section stiffeners, the web shall
be drilled with 14-mm diameter hole at 1000-mm spacings t o
enable drainage.

All baffles, tray support beams or other internals spanning a


chord or diameter of the vessel shall be provided with a means
for allowing differential expansion between the part and the
vessel shell.

Internal non-pressure piping for carbon steel vessels shall be


fabricated, as a minimum from extra strong seamless carbon
steel pipe, conforming t o ASME SA-106-B or equivalent.

Internal flanges may be fabricated from plate, For high-alloy or


high-alloy-clad vessels, pipe and flanges shall be fabricated of
the same material as the shell or cladding unless otherwise
specified on the drawings and data sheets.

Internal pressure piping shall be fabricated from forged flanges


and seamless pipe t o the same specifications as the external
connected pipe.

All internals (fixed and removable) shall be supplied and


installed prior t o shipment unless otherwise stated on the
vessel Drawing.

Unless stated otherwise on the vessel Drawing, baffles,


demisting elements or weir plates shall not be welded directly
t o the shell (or head) for vessels in hydrocarbon service, but
shall be bolted t o support attachments which are welded t o the
shell.

Inlet nozzles shall be provided with impingement devices. The


material of the impingement devices shall be as per the shell
material.

8.7 Skirts and SUDDO-

31 2-0036
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8.7.1 Horizontal vessels shall be supported on t w o saddles.

8.7.2 Vertical vessels shall be supported by skirt, legs or lugs as


shown on the vessel Drawing.

8.7.3 Skirt, saddles, etc., shall be designed t o withstand the imposed


loads from future site hydrotesting.

9.0 FABRICATION

9.1 Welding

All welding procedures shall be submitted t o the Company for


approval before commencing fabrication. Welding procedure for
stress-relieved vessels shall be based upon a maximum of t w o
heating cycles, i.e., one time repair after stress relieving or
hydrotesting; the same is applicable for vessels in packages.

No welding shall be performed at an ambient temperature of


less than 10C, unless preheating is employed, as per code
requirements.

Only welders who are qualified in accordance with the ASME


Code and the Engineering Group Specification entitled "Welding
Procedure Approval and Welding Quality Requirements"
(Number 015-WH-1001) shall be employed on the subject
vessels.

Seams in supporting skirts shall be full-penetration double butt-


welded or equivalent. Connections between skirt and head
shall be made with a smooth, flat-faced fillet weld, welded from
the outside of the skirt only. No tack welds are permitted on
the inside at the skirt-to-head joint.

Size of fillet welds for all internal attachments shall include the
corrosion allowance specified on vessel Drawings and data
sheets, Internal welds for support rings and lugs shall be full
penetration.

All internal and external attachments shall be positioned so that


the distance between fillet welds of these attachments and the
pressure-retaining welds shall not be less than three times the
vessel thickness or 5 0 mm, whichever is greater.

Rectangular-or square-reinforcing plates and pads shall have 40-


m m radiused corners.
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9.1.8 Backing strips shall not be used for any pressure vessels
including packaged vessels. All seams in shell or heads shall be
full-penetration double butt welds or equivalent.

9.1.9 All welding shall be in accordance with ASME Section IX and


the Engineering Group Specification entitled "Welding Procedure
Approval and Welding Quality Requirements" (Number 01 5-WH-
1001).

9.1.10 Where stiffeners are required by the codes for the vacuum
vessels, they shall be continuous and preferably external.

9.1.I 1 The ring welds should be positioned at least 150 m m clear of


circumferential seams, vessel's branches and other permanent
attachments unless otherwise approved by the Company.
Unless otherwise specified, stiffeners shall be welded t o the
shell with continuous weld seams.

The extent of radiography shall be as specified on the data


sheet. In no case shall the radiographic examination be less
than spot radiography plus all butt-weld intersection T-joints.

Radiographic examination of welds shall be in accordance with


ASME Section VIII, Division 1 or 2, as applicable. X-ray
equipment shall be used.

The radiographic film used shall be of class 1 (low speed, very


fine grain) or class 2 (medium speed, fine grain). Radiographic
sensitivity shall be 2% or better as per SE-94 Article 2 2 of
ASME Section V.

In addition, the Company reserves the right t o radiographically


examine and interpret the welds. For welds not meeting the
codelspecification requirements, the repair and radiography of
these welds shall be at the Contractor's expense.

Defective welding disclosed by radiography shall be chipped


out, rewelded and re-radiographed, plus any additional
radiographs or tests required by the applicable design or
construction code, by the Contractor at its expense.

9.3 Stress Relieving

9.3.1 Vessels shall be stress relieved when specified on the data


sheets. In no case shall the stress-relieving be performed at
less than the minimum temperature specified by the Code.
Longer duration, lower temperature stress relieving as shown in
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Group
01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 17 of 36

Table UCS-56.1 of ASME Section VIII, Division 1 shall not be


permitted. A procedure shall be submitted t o the Company for
review and approval.

All vessels shall be stress relieved as a complete unit. Any


Brinell hardness tests shall be made after post weld heat
treatment (PWHT) on weld heat-affected zones (HAZs). The
results of the tests shall be recorded in the vessel fabrication
records. Special consideration shall be given t o vessels in LT
(low temperature) service and for cases where blowdown may
occur in operation.

All flange faces shall be suitably protected against oxidation


during heat treatment.

On vessels requiring full stress relief, all welding must be carried


out before heat treatment.

Any repairs required after completion of vessel PWHT or


hydrostatic test shall be described in detail and submitted for
the Company's approval, together with the proposal for
subsequent vessel examination, PWHT and testing, before
proceeding with such repairs. All repair work and examinations
shall be in accordance with the requirements of ASME Section
VIII, Division 1.

After PWHT, the words "STRESS RELIEVED VESSEL, NO


WELDING ALLOWED" shall be painted on the vessel shell in
100-mm-hig h letters.

9.4 Tolerances

Fabrication tolerances shall conform t o ASME Section VIII, Division 1


and Appendix 4 of this specification unless shown otherwise on the
vessel Drawing or data sheet.

10.0 INSPECTION AND TESTING

10.1 I n s ~ e c t i o ~

10.1 .I Inspection shall be in accordance with the provisions of


paragraphs 6.1 and 6.2 of this specification.

10.1.2 The Company's inspector shall have free entry t o the


Contractor's facilities while any work or testing are in progress
on the Company's vessels.

10.1.3 Third-party inspection involvement shall be at the Company's


discretion.
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Ewneerlng Qmup
01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 18 of 36
S p ~ ~ n

10.1.4 Manway davitslhinges and hinge pins shall be in place before


the vessel is tested. Covers shall be swung open to ensure that
no binding occurs.
10.1.5 All acceptance Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) shall be carried
out after PWHT.

10.1.6 An Approved Manufacturer's Quality Plan shall be submitted to


the Company for its review and approval.

10.2 Tests

10.2.1 All tests and testing procedures used shall be in accordance


with the applicable design code with any additional tests as
may be called by the Company and in the data sheets.

10.2.2 All reinforcing pads are to be leak tested with air (1.0 barg) and
soapy water after stress relief.

10.2.3 Ultrasonic testing and weld sampling, where required, shall be


in accordance with the appropriate specification shown on the
vessel data sheet.

10.2.4 Magnetic particlelliquid penetrant examination shall be


performed in accordance with ASME Section VIII, Division 1.

10.2.5 Tubes and forgings (excluding flanges, blank covers, blocking


rings and support rings) which have a thickness of 50 mm or
above shall be tested ultrasonically as per ASME A388.
Acceptance criteria shall be per ASME Section V.

10.2.6 Clad steel plates shall be tested as per ASME A578.

10.2.7 NDT for welded joints shall be as per ASME VIII, Division I,and
ASME V, except as modified hereinafter:

a. The main seams of pressure vessels having thickness of


50-mm or above shall be supplementarily examined by
ultrasonics.

b. All main seams in ferritic steel vessels welded by the


manual metal arc process shall be ground smooth on
completion and submitted to wet magnetic particle crack
detection.

c. The main seams of all vessels constructed of alloy steels


shall be 100% radiographed.

d. Vessels requiring PWHT and 100% radiography shall be


radiographed after heat treatment. Any radiography
-
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet

QKOC Englndng Gmup


SpeMcathn 01 6-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 19 of 36

before heat treatment shall be at the Approved


Manufacturer's expense.

In vessels which are required to undergo PWHT, the


attachment welds of branches larger than 8-in. NB and of
manholes, shall be examined by a wet magnetic particle
crack detection method after PWHT. For this purpose, the
welds shall be ground sufficiently prior to PWHT to
remove surface irregularities which could mask indications
of defects.

Where heads are formed in one piece from more than one
plate, weld seams shall be fully radiographed before
forming and, additionally, weld seams in the knuckle
region shall be fully radiographed after forming.

T- or corner-type butt joints shall be non-destructively


examined for internal and surface flaws.

Set-through nozzles made from rolled plate and with a wall


thickness in excess of 19 mm shall be examined for
laminations along the line of the attachment weld prior to
welding.

The complete length of all welds on lifting and tailing


attachments (e.g., attachment to pad, pad to vessel, etc.)
shall be examined by magnetic particle or dye penetrant
method for surface flaws.

The root pass and completed weld of all nozzle/shell


attachments shall be examined by the magnetic particle
method.

Vessels requiring spot radiography shall have a minimum


of 5% of the welds radiographed. Those radiographs shall
include all the weld intersections.

All vessels specified for lethal or sour service shall be


100% radiographed unless otherwise specified by the
Company. In addition, all welds shall be examined by the
wet fluorescent magnetic particle method to ASTM E709
and ASME Section V, Article 7.

10.2.8 Ultrasonic Technique for Nozzles Welds and Plates

a. An ultrasonic examination shall be made from the bore of


nozzles exceeding 150-mm ID in shell plates having a 50-
mm thickness or more to confirm that full penetration
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet

QKOC Engineering Gmup


spi?&htb 015-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 20 of 36

welds have been achieved and that no delamination of the


nozzle has occurred.

b. When welds are examined by ultrasonic techniques,


examination shall be performed in accordance with a
procedure base on BS 3923 Part 1, and shall be subject to
approval by the Company.

c. Carbon and low-alloy steel plates having a thickness of


25.4 mm (1 in.) and above shall be tested by ultrasonic
technique to ensure that they are free from gross internal
discontinuities, such as ruptures, laminations and piping,
or other detrimental defects. Testing shall be as per
ASTM-A 435 or BS 5996.

10.2.9 Magnetic Particle and Penetrant Test

a. The magnetic field shall be produced by AC magnetic yoke


or, subject to approval by the Company, by permanent
magnets, techniques liable to cause arcing are not
permitted.

b. All internal and external welds of the nozzles, as well as all


internal or external weld attachments shall be examined by
the magnetic particle method. The penetrant test method
shall be used for high-alloy and stainless steel vessel
welds.

c. For dye-penetrant testing of stainless steel, chloride-free


material shall be used.

10.3 Vessel Hvdrostatic Tea

10.3.1 Hydrostatic testing shall conform to paragraph UG-99(c) of


ASME Section VIII, Division 1. Calculations shall be made to
determine maximum allowable working pressure. Design
checks shall be made to prove that the stress in any section of
the vessel during hydrotest shall not exceed 90% of the
minimum yield stress at ambient temperature for the material
used.

10.3.2 Equipment shall be designed to withstand future hydrostatic


test pressure in erected position and in corroded condition with
allowable stress not to exceed 90% of material specified
minimum yield strength at ambient temperature.

10.3.3, Future Site test pressure shall be in accordance with paragraph


UG-99(b) of ASME Section VIII, Division 1.
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engineering Gmup
01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 21 of 36
S~~~C~TCB&~I

10.3.4 The minimum metal temperature throughout the hydrotest shall


be established t o ensure safety of the vessel, but shall not be
less than 15OC.

10.3.5 Shop hydrotest water shall be potable quality. For austenitic


stainless steel vessels, the testing water shall be demineralized
water with 3 0 ppm chloride content maximum.

10.3.6 In the event of Site hydrotesting, brackish water shall be used


in accordance with the Engineering Group Specification entitled
"The Use of Brackish Water for the Site Hydrotesting of
Equipmentn (Number 0 1 5-CG-1001 I.

A pressure recorder with calibrated pressure charts shall be


installed on the vessel during hydrotesting t o record the rate of
pressurising, holding time and rate of depressurising. These
charts shall be included with the hydrotest report. Calibrated
gauges are required for testing. Both pressure recorders and
gauges shall have a test certificate indicating that these
instruments have been calibrated t o the relevant standards and
specifications. Calibration shall be witnessed by the Company
or a Company-nominated third party inspectorate.

10.3.8 The test pressure shall be held for at least 3 0 minutes per cm
of thickness but in no case less than 2 hours.

10.3.9 For field-tested vessels as specified in section 10.0, the test


medium shall be at a minimum temperature of 20C unless
otherwise agreed t o in writing with the Company.

10.3.10 Removable internal parts, e.g., demisting elements,


baffles, etc., shall be installed only after satisfactory
testing.

11.0 FIREPROOFING AND INSULATION

~ 1 1.1 Where vessels skirts are t o be fireproofed as indicated on the Drawings


and data sheets, W-in. square nuts shall be welded on a 450-mm
triangular pitch t o the inside and outside surfaces of skirts as well as the
exterior of the bottom head. Any variation from this requirement will be
shown on the vessel Drawings and data sheets.

11.2 Where vessels are t o be insulated, a11 insulation support rings shall be
supplied and %-in. square nuts on 450-mm triangular pitch shall be
welded t o the outside surface of bottom head.

11.3 All interior studs, rods or clips for internal refractory or gunite linings,
unless otherwise stated on vessel Drawings, shall be furnished.
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engineering Gmup
01 5-CH-1001 I 08-9-94 22 of 36
SpeMcahbn

12.0 PAINTING

Painting of pressure vessels shall be in accordance with the mechanical data


sheets and Engineering Group Specification entitled "Shop and Field Painting"
(Numbering 0 1 5-XH-1005).

13.0 MISCELLANEOUS

13.1 Service gaskets and bolting shall not be used for hydrostatic test but
shall be suitably boxed and tagged for field installation. Gaskets of the
same type as the service gaskets shall be used for the hydrostatic test.

13.2 All platform and ladder clips, davit brackets, pipe supports, etc., unless
stated otherwise on the data sheets, shall be furnished.

13.3 Tall vessels which have safety relief valve greater than 2-in. NPS or
having removable internals shall be provided with a davit arm.

13.4 Two earthing clips shall be provided on the vessel support.

13.5 The vessel shall be fitted with a stainless steel nameplate permanently
attached by welding t o a suitable bracket which will locate the
nameplate clear of any insulation. In addition t o data required by the
ASME code, the nameplate shall include the Company's equipment
number.

13.6 On completion of all work, vessels are t o be cleaned and dried out,
flange faces t o be coated with grease or easily removable rust
preventative. Prior t o shipment, nozzles are t o be fitted with bolted
metal or wooden blanks t o protect the machined surfaces and screwed
couplings are t o be fitted with plugs, t o prevent the ingress of dirt or
moisture.

14.0 FIELD ERECTION

14.1 Where size or shape of vessel make it impossible t o ship in one piece for
erection, the largest shop-fabricated sections suitable for shipment and
ease of handling for field erection and assembly shall be shipped t o the
Site. Design, fabrication, testing and inspection shall be in accordance
with this specification.

14.2 Where size or shape of vessel are such that they must be shipped in
sections or pieces for field erection, the following requirements shall
apply:

14.2.1 All pieces shall be shop fitted-up into sections and each section
fitted t o adjacent section and all pieces match marked.

-
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Group
0 1 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 23 of 36

14.2.2 The width of permissible gap during fit-up shall be in


accordance with approved shop Drawings and welding
procedures, and shall generally be 3 mm maximum with a
tolerance of plus 1 mm minus 0.

14.2.3 Flame-cut edges shall be ground as required to remove slag and


detrimental discoloration and to ensure smoothness and
uniformity of edges.

14.2.4 All radiography requirements for welds completed in the shop


shall be made before the part or section leaves the shop.

15.0 PACKING, MARKING AND DOCUMENTATION

For all relevant requirements, refer to the Engineering Group Specification


entitled "Packing, Marking and Documentation" (015-UH-1001).

16.0 SPARE PARTS AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS

For all relevant requirements, refer to the Engineering Group Specification


entitled "Spare Parts and Maintenance Requirements" (015-KH-1902).

17.0 SUPPLEMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

17.1 Reauirements for Wet Hvdroaen Subhide Service

All the requirements of NACE MR0175 (latest edition) shall be applied,


when the vessel data sheet andlor specifications indicate the service
environment to be sour.

17.1.1 Plate Materials

a. The following limitations on chemical composition shall


apply:

1. The maximum carbon content shall be 0.23%.

2. Carbon equivalent to be computed from the following


formula:

CE =C+h&+Cr+Mo+V+Ni+Cu
6 5 15

CE shall not exceed 0.43%.

3. Plates having a thickness of 10 mm and above shall


be ultrasonically tested for laminations in accordance
with ASTM SA-578 Level 1.
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engineering Group
SpeMctltbn 01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 24 of 36

b. The following limitations on chemical composition shall


apply:

1. Sulphur content: maximum 0.007% (ladle analysis) -


0.009% (check analysis).

2. Phosphorus content: maximum 0.015% (ladle


analysis) - 0.020% (check analysis).

3. Rare earth metal are not permitted.

17.1.2 Hardness

a. The maximum hardness of parent metal and welds shall be


I
235 HBN.

b. Hardness measurements shall be made on the internal


vessel welds. A minimum of one reading (including base
metal, weld and HAZ shall be made on each
circumferential weld and on each longitudinal shell course
weld.

17.1.3 Pipes and Fittings

Because of the significantly greater risk of crevice corrosion in


sour service, the use of socket-welded fittings, screwed
couplings or any other weld detail which could result in a
crevice on the process side is not permitted. The use of ERW
pipes is not permitted.

17.1.4 Welding

a. Cr-112% Mo welding consumables and those having more


than 1% Ni shall not be used for welding carbon steels.

b. Weld repair of plate surface defects shall not be permitted


without Company approval and shall be subject to
Company approval of the Contractor's repair procedure
prior to the work being carried out.

c. All pressure vessels for sour service shall be stress relieved


to ASME Section Vlll code.

I 17.1.5 NDT for Welded Joints

a. Except as otherwise specified by the Company, all


I
pressure vessels specified for sour service shall be 100%
radiographed. In addition, all internal weld surfaces shall
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engineering Gmup
0 1 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 25 of 36
Specr7iatrion

be examined by the wet fluorescent magnetic particle


method.

b. Nozzles and manway attachment welds shall be examined


by wet magnetic particle methods.

17.2 Metal Linina (Claddin@

17.2.1 Pressure vessels constructed with corrosion-resistant integral


cladding, weld metal overlay cladding or with applied lining shall
generally be in accordance with the rules of Part UCL of ASME,
Section VIII, Division 1 code and as modified hereinafter.

17.2.2 Cladding shall be integrally and continuously bonded onto the


base metal and shall be obtained either by roll bonding or
explosive cladding. Clad plates shall conform to one of the
following specifications:

a. ASME A263 Corrosion Resisting Chromium-Steel Clad


Plate, Sheet and Strip 1
b. ASME A264 Corrosion Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel
Clad Plate, Sheet and Strip

c. ASME A265 Nickel and Nickel-base Alloy Clad Steel


Plates

17.2.3 Clad plate shall be used in preference to weld overlay.


Proposals to use the weld overlay method shall need to be
approved by the Company. When approved, the exact extent
of weld overlay and the successful overlay procedure shall
require Company approval.

17.2.4 Interior surfaces and flange faces of nozzles and manholes shall
be of the same alloy as the cladding or weld overlay and made
as follows:

a. Nozzles including flange faces shall be integrally clad or


lined with deposited weld overlay.

b. For nozzles of 3-in. diameter and smaller, a loose sleeve


liner may be used subject to Company approval.

17.2.5 Nozzles shall be fabricated using combinations of cladding weld


overlay or sleeve liner (when permitted by the Company) with
deposited weld metal to provide continuity or shall be totally
overlaid with deposited weld metal. Detailed Drawings showing
fabrication of nozzle necks, attachment to vessel shell and
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
' Englndng Group
0 1 5-CH-1001
I 1 .. . .
08-9-94 1 26 of 36

flange facings, shall be submitted to the Company for approval


before the start of fabrication.

17.2.6 Welding of clad plates and weld overlays shall be as follows:

Welding overlay and welds joining clad plate shall be


qualified in accordance with ASME IX. Macro section with
Brinell hardness indents shall be taken at three locations
through the interface of the overlay welding. Hardness
shall not exceed 310 HBN for non-sour service and 235
HBN for sour service.

Austenitic weld overlay procedures shall be capable of


withstanding the effects of possible sigma phase
formation if heat treatment is to be performed.

Weld overlay and welds joining clad plate shall be


deposited in a minimum of two passes. The initial layer
shall be deposited with a more highly alloyed welding
consumable to take into account dilution with the base
metal.

The ferrite content of austenitic stainless steel weld metal


deposit shall be determined by a calibrated meter or
calculated by reference to the Schaffler-Delong Diagram.
The acceptable range is from 3% to 10%.

For depositing austenitic weld overlay or for joining


austenitic stainless steel plates, the chemical composition
of the final layer shall comply with that of the
corresponding AWS consumable classification, except that
type 304L cladding shall be joined with an AWS-ER308L
or ER347 consumable. For joining ferritic stainless steel
plates, AWS-E309 welding consumables shall be used.

17.2.7 The inspection and acceptance criteria for cladding shall be as


follows:

a. Examination of the cladding bond shall be carried out in


accordance with ASME A578 Supplement S7.

b. Completed butt joints on the clad side shall be inspected


visually and with liquid penetrant (dye penetrant) after
hydraulic testing.

c. The surface of each completed butt joint weld overlay


shall be examined for chemical composition. The
technique and the equipment shall be subject to approval
by the Company.
Specification Number Rev Date Shest
Engineering Gmup
specJfi&n 015-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 27 of 36

d. At least one analysis check shall be selected for each


1.5-m portion of the production weld. The locations of
the checks shall be specified by the Company. The
chemical composition of the deposit shall comply with the
requirements of paragraph 17.2.6 of this specification.

e. Disbonding defects located by liquid penetrant or


ultrasonic inspection that cannot be contained within a 25-
mm-diameter circle shall be repaired. Linear indications
revealed by liquid penetrant on edges which have been
prepared for welding shall be repaired.

17.2.8 The inspection and acceptance criteria for weld overlay shall be
as follows:

a. The overlay shall be examined for chemical composition in


accordance with item(s) above in at least two points in
each head, at least two points in each 3 m of shell and at
least one point in a closing seam and each nozzle size.
Such locations will be selected by the Company.

b. The analysis shall be used to calculate the ferrite content


of the deposit. Acceptable limit is from 3% to 10%.

c. The surface shall be free from cracks and fissure defects.


Any one circular defect shall not exceed 1.5 mm in
diameter. The sum of the diameters of circular indications
in any 90-mm diameter circle shall not exceed 4 mm or
the minimum depth of the overlay, whichever is greater.

d. All areas of weld overlay containing defects in excess of


the allowable limits, or whole composition of ferrite
content does not satisfy the requirements of this
specification shall be repaired.

e. Repair or rejection of rejects shall be at the discretion of


the Company. As a minimum, repaired areas shall be
inspected with liquid penetrant in accordance with ASME
E165. Defect scope and proposed repair and inspection
procedures shall be submitted to the Company for
approval prior to carrying out the repair.

17.2.9 The inspection and acceptance criteria for nozzles shall be as


follows:

a. Clad nozzles purchased from other suppliers shall be


ultrasonically inspected for integrity of cladding. Any of
these nozzles with less than 90% bonded cladding or any
unbonded area more than 600 mm2 shall be rejected.
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engtneering Gmup
01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 28 of 36
Speaificath

b. Inspection of weld overlay shall be by the liquid penetrant


method in accordance with ASME E l 65.

c. All welds in sleeve linings of nozzles shall be tested with


dry air (1.5 barg minimum) applied behind the linings using
soap suds, after hydraulic testing. Any indication of air
leakage shall be considered unacceptable.

17.3 Peauirements for Trav Installation

17.3.1 Tray details, including tray support beams, shall be designed to


suit the size of the vessel, the operating loads and operating
temperatures. All trays shall be designed for a maintenance
load of 136 kgs (300 Ibs) concentrated at any point, and any
other load indicated on vessel Drawings or as defined in
paragraph 17.3.2 below.

17.3.2 Trays or tray decks shall be designed for a uniform live load of
49 kg/m2 (10 psf) or the weight of water at the maximum weir
setting whichever is greater. Areas below downcomers shall be
designed for a uniform live load of 313 kg/m2 (64 psf) or a
liquid load of water equal to one-half the height of the
downcomer, whichever is greater.

17.3.3 The maximum total support beam deflection for the specified
loading shall not exceed LI900 or 4.8 mm (3116 in.) whichever
is smaller, where L is the length of the support beam.

17.3.4 The upward thrust due to vapour flow may be taken into
consideration for cases where the liquid load is 59kglm2 (12
psf) or greater, provided sufficient information is available to
accurately predict the amount of upward thrust.

17.3.5 Trays shall be provided with internal tray manways to provide


access to all parts of the trays. Tray manways shall be
approximately aligned vertically and shall be operable from both
top and bottom sides. Small tray sections may be used for
manways.

17.3.6 All removable trays shall be in sections which can be removed


through the vessel manway. This type of tray shall be
supported by a bar-type tray support ring. All tray and
downcomer sections shall be securely clamped or bolted to the
support rings, bolting bars and truss members, and sealed with
a suitable gasket when, or where or as required.

17.3.7 Details of clamps and bolting shall be included in the tray


Contractor's Drawings. Wedge-type tray and cap hold-downs
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
-----Gmup
-----w
01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 29 of 36
S~eMcatbn

shall not be used unless specifically requested on the


Company's vessel data sheets.

17.4 Identification

17.4.1 All material supplied shall be easily identified by indicating the


order references and item numbers in white paint on:

a. Vessel shell.

b. Parts and accessories delivered separately.

c. All additional packages.


Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Englnedng Gmup
SpmcaMn 01 5-CH-1001 I 08-9-94 30 of 36

APPENDIX 1

GRAPH FOR DETERMINING PERIODIC TIME T


AND LIMITS FOR STATICIDYNAMIC DESIGNS OF COLUMNS

NClTES:- 1 1HE COLUMN SHOULD BE DESIOJED


H - UNCORRODED SHELL THICKNESS (MM) DYNAMICALLY IF THE WTERSECTiON Of */+I

-
'
AND '/a- IS ABOVE THE HEAW LINE
W UNIT ERECTIONWEIGHT polu]
D - COLUMN DIAMETER (M)
2 FOR q0< 15 STATIC DESIGN WIU. NORMAUY
BE ADEQUATE
L - LENGTH OF COLUMN ABOVE HORIZONTAL
P U N UNDER CONSIDERATION
3 THEORETICALLY 7'WILL VARY W W THE
COLUMN CONDITIONS FOR DETERMINATION
OF STATIC OR DYNAMlC DESIGN
REQUIREMENTS. COLUMN ERECTION
CONOITIONS TO BE USED.
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet
Engtneerfng Group
01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 31 of 36
Specification

APPENDIX 2
NOZZLE LOADS FOR VESSELS (HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL)

1.0 GENERAL

1.I The criteria specified shall apply to nozzles above 2 in. NB for vessels
constructed of steel or alloy steel.

1.2 Nozzles shall be designed to withstand forces and moments from the
thermal expansion and dead weight of piping. Piping reactions shall be
computed in conformance with ANSI B31.3 and shall be designed within
the limiting criteria set by this standard.

1.3 The forces contained herein are considered minimum criteria in order to
allow for an economical design of the connecting piping.

2.0 EXTERNAL FORCES AND MOMENTS ON NOZZLES

2.1 Each nozzle shall be capable of withstanding forces from external piping
under the design conditions and considered to be acting at the
intersection of nozzle and shell in corroded condition.

2.2 The value "D" in the formulae below is the nominal nozzle diameter in
inches. The 13-values in the formulae depend on the rating of the nozzle
flange and are as follows:

Flanae Ratina I Columns and Drums I


Class 150 0.6
I
Class 300 1 0.7 I
Class 600 1 0.8 I
Class 900 0.9
Class 1500 1.O

2.3 Nozzle in Shells

Longitudinal bending moment ML = 13.130.D2 Nm

Circumferential bending moment M0 = 13.100.D2 Nm

Resultant bending moment Mb = (ML2 +~e') = 13.1 64.D2 Nm

Torsional moment Mt = 13.1 50.D2 Nm

-
Specification Number Rev Date Sheet

QKoC Engineering Gmup


Specification 01 5-CH-1001 1 08-9-94 32 of 36

APPENDIX 2

Longitudinal shear force FL = 13.2000.D N

Circumferential shear force Fa = 13.1500.D N

Resultant shear force Fr = (FL' + ~ e ' ) % -


13.2500.D N
Axial tension or compression force FA = 13.2000.D N

Nozzles in Formed Heads

Resultant bending moment Mb = (MX' + MZ') = 13.1 64.D2 Nm

Torsional moment Mt = 13.150.D2 Nm

Resultant shear force F r -


(FX' + FZ')' = R.25OO.D N

Axial tension or compression force FA = 13.2000.D N

The above-mentioned loading shall be considered as being caused by


67% thermal and 33% dead weight load. These are piping loads onto
the vessel. Pressure forces will be negligible.

The basic stress intensity limits shall be as per ASME Section VIII,
Division 2, Appendix 4.

3.0 ADDITIONAL REINFORCEMENT

3.1 Whenever stresses based on paragraph 2.0 exceed the allowables, the
Contractor shall apply a reinforcing pad.

3.2 Actual nozzle loadings from connected piping shall be submitted to the
Approved Manufacturer when calculated loadings exceed those set forth
in paragraphs 2.3 and 2.4 above. In this instance, the actual loadings
and the proposed measures to be taken to incorporate these loads within
the vessel design shall be submitted for Company approval.

-
APPENDIX 2

NOZZLE LOADING GEOMETRY


cv cnr
aa
mcnE P
0
0
-
Shop Uncorro 90% X - - x (3) Ambient - - Per -
Hydrote ded Y.S(1) ASME
st

Notes: 1. In tension (100% for austenitic stainless steel), in compression per ASME at ambient temperature.
2. During hydrostatic test, 50% of the wind pressure must be taken into account.
3. Hydrostatic test pressure (see paragraph 10.3).
4. Design pressure for corresponding case.
5. Piping loads or other appurtenances.
6. In compression ASME stress at design temperature.
7. Other load checking may be necessary t o cover following cases: fabrication, heat treatment, shop horizontal hydrotest,
lifting, shipment and load-out. During lifting special consideration shall be given to tower appurtenances lifted with the
column.

015-CH-1001 REV. 1 08-9-94

APPENDIX 4

PRESSURE VESSEL TOLERANCES


Specification Number Rev Date sh.et

QKK Englnearlng GIrwp


S m n
01 ~-CH-IOOI I 08-9-94 36 of 36

APPENDIX 4

PRESSURE VESSEL TOLERANCES


Specificrtlon Number Rev Date Sheet
Englneerlng Omup
Specriricatjon 01 5-CH-1001 I 06-9-94 36 of 36

APPENDIX 4

TOLERANCES - HORIZONTAL VESSELS

REFEREHCE WE COW-SEE TABLE BELOW


I . \

PERMlSSlEKE ROTATlONOF:
F W E WITH RESPECT TO VESSEL
CWTREUNES

NOTES:
1 ~ I D N O F ~ Y s ~ 0 1 T w
tNi WE OR WSSELCENTRE LINE
2. FUXFACEQtAWWYStiAlLBE
mRIUUWITb4MWIUIU)PUNE
MTHlnlK'
3. L~~TO((TMOZZUSFIIOUM~W~~

APPe~mx'0'
----C ae-a-1-4
-
TOLERANCES HORIZONTALVESSELS pwe 2 OF.?