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12.

Selesaikan persoalan struktur tergambar di samping ini, jika diketahui:


A1 = 6000 mm2 I1 = 50.106 mm4 E1 = 200 Gpa
A2 = 5000 mm2 I2 = 20.106 mm4 E2 = 200 Gpa

Penyelesaian:
Beban join equivalent (lihat kasus sebelumnya):

2,4 kN 2,4 kN
1,6 kNm 1,6 kNm
4m
14,256 kN 7,744 kN
7,92 kNm 5,28 kNm
2,5 m

2,4 kN 16,656 kN 7,744 kN

4m 2,5 m
1,6 kNm 6,320 kNm 5,28 kNm

Kekakuan setiap elemen


Elemen 1: 12
A1 = 6000 mm2 E1 = 200 Gpa I1 = 5.107 mm2 L1 = 4000 mm
6.10 3 200 6.10 3 200
0 0 0 0
4000 4000

12 200 5.10 7 6 200 5.10 7 12 200 5.10 7 6 200 5.10 7
0 0
4000 3 4000 2 4000 3 4000 2
6 200 5.10 7 4 200 2.10 7 6 200 5.10 7 2 200 2.10 7
0 0
k
1
g
4000 2 4000 4000 2 4000

6.10 3 200 6.10 3 200
0 0 0 0
4000 4000

12 200 5.10 7
6 200 5.10 7
12 200 5.10 7
6 200 5.10 7
0 0
4000 3 4000 2 4000 3 4000 2

6 200 5.10 7 2 200 2.10 7 6 200 5.10 7 4 200 2.10 7
0 0
4000 2 4000 4000 2 4000
300 0 0 300 0 0 ...u1
0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 ...v
1

0 3750 1.10 7 0 3750 ...1


5.10 6

300 0 0 300 0 0 ...u 2
0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 ...v 2

0 3750 5.10 6 0 3750 1.10 7 ... 2

u1 v1 1 u2 v2 2

Elemen 2: 23
A2 = 5000 mm2 E2 = 200 Gpa I2 = 20x106 mm2 L2 = 2500 mm

5.103 200 5.103 200


0 0 0 0
2500 2500
12 200 2.107 6 200 2.10 7 12 200 2.107 6 200 2.10 7
0 0
2500 3 2500 2 2500 3 2500 2
6 200 2.10 7 4 200 2.10 7 6 200 2.10 7 2 200 2.10 7
0 0
k k
2 2 2500 2 2500 2500 2 2500

5.10 200 5.10 3 200
l g 3
0 0 0 0
2500 2500
12 200 2.10 7 6 200 2.10 7
12 200 2.10 7
6 200 2.10 7

0 0
2500 3 2500 2 2500 3 2500 2
6 200 2.10 7 2 200 2.10 7 6 200 2.10 7 4 200 2.10 7
0 0
2500 2 2500 2500 2 2500
400 0 0 400 0 0 ...u 2
0 3,072 3840 0 3,072 3840 ...v 2

0 3840 6,4.10 6 0 3840 3,2.10 6 ... 2

400 0 0 400 0 0 ...u 3
0 3,072 3840 0 3,072 3840 ...v 3

0 3840 3,2.10 6 0 3840 6,4.10 6 ... 3
u2 v2 2 u3 v3 3

Kekakuan struktur
300 0 0 300 0 0 0 0 0 ...u1
0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 0 0 0 ...v
1
7 6
0 3750 1.10 0 3750 5.10 0 0 0 ...1

300 0 0 300 400 0 0 400 0 ...u2
0
K 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3,072 3750 3840 0 3,072 3840 ...v2

0 3750 5.106 0 3750 3840 1.107 6,4.106 0 3840 3,2.106 ... 2
0 0 0 400 0 0 160 0 0 ...u3

0 0 0 0 3, 072 3 840 0 3,072 3840 ...v3
0 0 0 0 3840 3,2.106 0 3840 6,4.106 ...3

u1 v1 1 u2 v2 2 u3 v3 3
300 0 0 300 0 0 0 0 0 ...u1
0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 0 0 0 ...v1

0 3750 1.10 7
0 3750 5.10 6 0 0 0 ... 1

300 0 0 700 0 0 400 0 0 ...u 2
0 1,875 3750 0 4,947 90 0 3,072 3840 ...v 2

0 3750 5.10 6
0 90 1,6.10 7 0 3840 3,2.10 6 ... 2
0 0 0 400 0 0 400 0 0 ...u 3

0 0 0 0 3,072 3840 0 3,072 3840 ...v 3
0 0 0 0 3840 3,2.10 6 0 3840 6,4.10 6 ... 3

u1 v1 1 u2 v2 2 u3 v3 3

Displacement struktur Gaya struktur


U1 U1 F1 Rx1 0
V 0 G Ry Py Ry 2,4
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 M1 M 1 Mp1 0 1600

U2 U2 F2 Rx 2 0
U V2 0 F G2 Ry 2 Py 2 Ry 2 16,656
M M Mp 0 6320
2 2 2 2 2
U3 0 F3 Rx 3 Rx 3
V G Ry Py Ry 7,744
3 0 3 3 3 3
3 0 M 3 M 3 Mp 3 M 3 5280
Kesetimbangan struktur
F K U K U F

F1 300 0 0 300 0 0 0 0 0
G 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 0 0 0
1
7
M1 0 3750 1.10 0 3750 5.10 6 0 0 0

F2 300 0 0 300 400 0 0 400 0 0

G2 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3,072 3750 3840 0 3,072 3840
M 6
0 3750 5.10 0 3750 3840 1.10 7 6,4.10 6 0 3840 3,2.10
2
F3 0 0 0 400 0 0 160 0 0
G
3 0 0 0 0 3,072 3840 0 3,072 384
M 3 3,2.10 6 3840 6,4.10
0 0 0 0 3840 0

0 300 0 0 300 0 0 0 0
Ry1 2,4 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 0 0

7 6
0 1600 0 3750 1.10 0 3750 5.10 0 0

0 300 0 0 300 400 0 0 400 0

Ry 2 16,656 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3,072 3750 3840 0 3,072
0 6320 6
0 3750 5.10 0 3750 3840 1.10 7 6,4.10 6 0 3840

Rx 3 0 0 0 400 0 0 160 0
Ry 7,744
3 0 0 0 0 3,072 3840 0 3,072
M 3 5280 0 0 0 0 3840 3,2.10 6 0 3840

0 300 0 0 300 0 0 0 0 0
Ry 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 0 0 0
1
7
0 0 3750 1.10 0 3750 5.10 6 0 0 0

0 300 0 0 300 400 0 0 400 0 0

Ry 2 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3,072 3750 3840 0 3,072 3840
0 6
0 3750 5.10 0 3750 3840 1.10 7 6,4.10 6 0 3840 3,2.10 6

Rx 3 0 0 0 400 0 0 160 0 0
Ry
3 0 0 0 0 3,072 3840 0 3,072 3840
M 3 3,2.10 6 3840 6,4.10 6
0 0 0 0 3840 0

Rearrangement kesetimbangan struktur


300 0 300 0 0 0 0 0 U1 0 0 0
0
1.10 7
0 5.10 6
3750 3750 0 0 0 1 1600 0

300 0 700 0 0 0 400 0 0 U2 0 0
6
0 5.10 6 0 1,6.10 7 3750 90 0 - 3840 3,2.10 2 6320 0

0 3750 0 3750 1,875 1,875 0 0 0 0 2,4 Ry1

0 3750 0 90 1,875 4,947 0 3,072 3840 0 16,656 Ry 2

0 0 400 0 0 0 400 0 0 0 0 Rx 3

0 0 0 - 3840 0 3,072 0 3,072 3840 0 7,744 Ry 3
0 0 0 3,2.10 6 0 3840 0 3840 6,4.10 6 0 5280 M 3

300 0 300 0 0 0 0 0 U1 0
0 0
0 1.10 7
0 5.10 6
3750 3750 0 0 0 1 0 1600


300 0 700 0 0 0 400 0 0 U2 0 0
6
0 5.10 6 0 1,6.10 7 3750 90 0 - 3840 3,2.10 2 0 6320

0 3750 0 3750 1,875 1,875 0 0 0 0 Ry1 2,4

0 3750 0 90 1,875 4,947 0 3,072 3840 0 Ry 2 16,656

0 0 400 0 0 0 400 0 0 0 Rx 3 0

0 0 0 - 3840 0 3,072 0 3,072 3840 0 Ry 3 7,744
0 0 0 3,2.10 6 0 3840 0 3840 6,4.10 6 0 M 3 5280

300 0 300 0 0 0 0 0 U1 0 0
0 1.10 7
0 5.10 6
3750 3750 0 0
0 1 1600

300 0 700 0 0 0 400 0 0 U2 0
6
0 5.10 6 0 1,6.10 7 3750 90 0 - 3840 3,2.10 2 6320

0 3750 0 3750 1,875 1,875 0 0 0 0 Ry1 2,4

0 3750 0 90 1,875 4,947 0 3,072 3840 0 Ry 2 16,656

0 0 400 0 0 0 400 0 0 0 Rx 3
Ry 7,744
0 0 0 - 3840 0 3,072 0 3,072 3840 0 3
0 0 0 3,2.10 6 0 3840 0 3840 6,4.10 6 0 M 3 5280

3,97.10-4 rad

Displacement Struktur
1
U1 300 0 300 0 0 0,000 mm
5.10 6 1600 3,856.10 5
0,39.10-4 1 rad 0 1.10 7 0 rad

U2 300 0 700 0 0 0,000 mm
2 6320 3,971.10 4
0 5.10 6 0 1,64.10 7 rad

Reaksi Struktur
Ry 1 2,4 0 3750 0 3750 1,345 kN
Ry 16,656 0 3750 0,000
0 90
0,180 kN
3,856.10 5
2

Rx 3 0 0 400 0 0,000 kN
Ry 7,744 0,000
0 0 0 3840 1,525 kN
3
3,971.10 4
M 3 5280 0 0 0 3,2.10 6 1270,79 kNmm

Ry1 1,345 2,400 1,055 kN


Ry 0,180 16,656 16,476 kN
2

Rx 3 0,000 0,000 kN
Ry 1,525 7,744 9,269 kN
3

M 3 1270,79 5280 6550,79 kNmm

Gaya Batang dan Deformasi Elemen 1

f11 300 0 0 300 0 0 0,000 0,000 kN


1 0
g1 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750
0
1,345
kN
m1 5
1
0 3750 1.10 7 0 3750 5.10 6 3,856.10 1600 kNmm
1
f2 300 0 0 300 0 0 0,000 0,000 kN
g1 0 1,875 3750 0 1,875 3750 0 1,345 kN
21 6 4
m2 0 3750 5.10 0 3750 1.10 7 3,971.10 3778,417 kNmm
u11 0,000 0,000 mm
1
v1 0 0 mm
1 3,856.10 5 3,856.10 5 rad
1
1
u2 0,000 0,000 mm
v1 0 0 mm
21 4 4
2 3,971.10 3,971.10 rad

Gaya Batang dan Deformasi Elemen 2


f 22 400 0 0 400 0 0 0,000 0,000 kN
2 0
g2 3,072 3840 0 3,072 3840
0
1,525
kN
m 2 4
1
0 3840 6,4.10 6 0 3840 3,2.10 6 3,971.10 2541,583 kNmm
2

f3 400 0 0 400 0 0 0 0,000 kN
g2 0 3,072 3840 0 3,072 3840 0 1,525 kN
32
m3 0 3840 3,2.10 6 0 3840 6,4.10 6 0 1270,791 kNmm
6,550 kNm
5,38 kNm

u 22 0,000 0,000 mm
2 mm
v2 0 0
2 4 4
2
3,971 . 10 3,971 . 10 rad
2 0,4638 kNm
u3 0 0 mm
3,745 kN
v 2 0 0 mm
32
3 0 0 rad

7,351 kNm