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The Traditional Igorot Bag

This is what the Kankana-eys call a sangi. It's a backpack made entirely from
rattan. This bag is no longer used in the Cordilleras, except for some wishing
to make some sort of personal or cultural expression.

The Igorot Bag.

It's called a "pasiking" and "sangi" to some. Some Igorots still have this at

Here is an informative speech sample, on how humor can help people heal themselves.
Informative speeches don't always have to be heavy handed and serious but can be written
in such a way that teaches as well as entertains.

Read this sample for inspiration, then pick a topic that interests you and create your own
speech that informs, yet still contains a touch of humor.

Start of Informative Speech Sample

How Humor Heals

I had to spend a week or so in the hospital last year. A minor ear infection turned into some
major problems for my immune system. I was fairly depressed and frustrated one night
after my doctor had given me the news that still more tests would be needed, which meant
another few days in an uncomfortable bed with people poking and prodding at me.
As I thought about it, the pain began again, and I was sure that my condition might only
become more serious. About the time I began to wonder if I would ever see my own home
again, my best friend from high school stopped by. She was, quite literally, our class clown.
She always had a great joke on the tip of her tongue. She was the mascot at the football
games because her antics were so funny. Even now I can't help but smile when I think
about her.

Two hours after she left, I felt great. I had no pain when I woke up the next morning, and
that evening, all of my test results were positive. A miracle? Actually, yes. Study after study
has indicated that humor has interesting healing powers.

One way that humor can help to heal is that it literally changes our outlook on life. As we
laugh, we have trouble seeing life's difficulties the same way. Suddenly, our problems don't
seem quite as bad. Humor allows one to distance him/herself from a painful physical or
medical situation while also acknowledging that he or she is in such a situation.

This change in perspective is a powerful healing force. Distancing yourself from a distressing
situation allows you to view certain circumstances from a more objective perspective, and
this can help you extract powerful emotions that focus on your pain or sorrow. In doing this,
you do not reject the painful circumstances surrounding you, but acknowledge the reality of
your situation - the good with the bad.

Recent mental health studies have shown that laughter can stimulate areas of the brain that
release endorphins, helping us to see our situation more clearly.

The benefits of humor, though, aren't all mental. Humor triggers laughter. According to
physiological studies, the laughter, in turn, stimulates our cardiovascular systems by
increasing the rate at which the heart beats and contracting the muscles. In fact, one study
suggested that laughing one hundred times per day is the equivalent of spending ten
minutes on a rowing machine.
One study went so far as to suggest that the benefits of laughter reach far beyond our body
system. "Laughter reduces levels of certain stress hormones which suppress the immune
system and increase the number of blood platelets - which can cause obstructions in
arteries, and raise blood pressure," said one researcher. "When we're laughing, natural killer
cells that destroy cancer cells increase, as does the level of Gamma-interferon - a disease-
fighting protein, T-cells - a major part of the immune system, and B-cells - which make
disease-destroying antibodies. Laughter may also increase the concentration of salivary
immunoglobulin A, which defends against infectious organisms entering through the
respiratory tract so it helps us to resist colds and viruses." That makes quite a case of the
adage "A barrel of laughs a day keeps the doctor away."

The healing power of humor is wide-ranging in scope and situation. Though medically, the
interesting healing powers of humor are still being studied by many scientists, humor clearly
heals the spirit - a part of every one of us which is often neglected by medicine and science.

Seeing the humor in our painful or emotional situations can free us from the chains we have
built around ourselves, helping us to recognize that life is more than anger or pain or
sorrow, but that it is full of humor and the contagious sound of laughter.

Here are some common examples of hyperboles:

I am so hungry I could eat a horse.

I have a million things to do.
I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill.
I had a ton of homework.
If I cant buy that new game, I will die.
He is as skinny as a toothpick.
This car goes faster than the speed of light.
That new car costs a bazillion dollars.
We are so poor; we dont have two cents to rub together.
That joke is so old, the last time I heard it I was riding on a dinosaur.
They ran like greased lightning.
He's got tons of money.
You could have knocked me over with a feather.
Her brain is the size of a pea.
He is older than the hills.

Personality Color Brown

While you may not exhibit all the character traits of a personality
color brown as listed here, if brown is your favorite color you will
find yourself somewhere in the description. You may also find you
exhibit some of the negative traits, particularly when you are

If Your Favorite Color is Brown

You are honest, down-to-earth and wholesome, salt of the

earth people with both feet planted firmly on the ground.

You are steady and reliable and quietly confident.

You are friendly and approachable, genuine and sincere.

With a personality color brown you have a keen sense of duty

and responsibility - you take your obligations very seriously.

Explore brown color meaning

Brown is friendly and welcoming. It is loyal, trustworthy and reliable, in a
practical and realistic way. In color psychology the color brown is referred to as
honest, genuine and sincere. It refers to the hard-working, diligent and reliable,
with both feet planted firmly on the ground. Brown is sensual, sensitive and
warm, and gives one a sense of calmness and comfort. It is a practical and
sensible color, indicating common sense. The color brown is associated with
healthy, natural and organic products, and everything related to the outdoors.

Metaphor Examples for Advanced Readers

Here are fifty more challenging examples of metaphors. The slashes indicate
line breaks.

1. The light flows into the bowl of the midnight sky, violet, amber and
2. Men court not death when there are sweets still left in life to taste.
3. In capitalism, money is the life blood of society but charity is the soul.
4. Whose world is but the trembling of a flare, / And heaven but as the
highway for a shell,
5. Fame is the fragrance of heroic deeds, / Of flowers of chivalry and not
of weeds!
6. So I sit spinning still, round this decaying form, the fine threads of rare
and subtle thought.
7. And swish of rope and ring of chain /
Are music to men who sail the main.
8. Still sits the school-house by the road, a ragged beggar sunning.
9. The child was our lone prayer to an empty sky.
10. Blind fools of fate and slaves of circumstance, / Life is a fiddler,
and we all must dance.
11. Grind the gentle spirit of our meek reviews into a powdery foam
of salt abuse.
12. Laugh a drink from the deep blue cup of sky.
13. Think now: history has many cunning passages and contrived
14. You are now in London, that great sea whose ebb and flow at
once is deaf and loud,
15. His fine wit makes such a wound that the knife is lost in it.
16. Waves of spam emails inundated his inbox.
17. In my hearts temple I suspend to thee these votive wreaths of
withered memory.
18. He cast a net of words in garish colours wrought to catch the idle
buzzers of the day.
19. This job is the cancer of my dreams and aspirations.
20. This song shall be thy rose, soft, fragrant, and with no thorn left
to wound thy bosom.
21. There, one whose voice was venomed melody.
22. A sweetness seems to last amid the dregs of past sorrows.
23. So in this dimmer room which we call life,
24. Life is the night with its dream-visions teeming, / Death is the
waking at day.
25. Then the lips relax their tension
and the pipe begins to slide, /
Till in little clouds of ashes,
it falls softly at his side.
26. The olden days: when thy smile to me was wine, golden wine thy
word of praise.
27. Thy tones are silver melted into sound.
28. Under us the brown earth / Ancient and strong, / The best bed
for wanderers;
29. Love is a guest that comes, unbidden, / But, having come,
asserts his right;
30. My House of Life is weather-stained with years.
31. See the sun, far off, a shrivelled orange in a sky gone black;
32. Three pines strained darkly, runners in a race unseen by any.
33. But the rare herb, Forgetfulness, it hides away from me.
34. The field of cornflower yellow is a scarf at the neck of the copper
sunburned woman
35. Life: a lighted window and a closed door.
36. Some days my thoughts are just cocoons hanging from dripping
branches in the grey woods of my mind.
37. Men and women pass in the street glad of the shining sapphire
38. The swan existing is a song with an accompaniment.
39. At night the lake is a wide silence, without imagination.

40. The cherry-trees are seas of bloom and soft perfume and sweet
41. The great gold apples of light hang from the streets long bough,
dripping their light on the faces that drift below, on the faces that drift
and blow.
42. From its blue vase the rose of evening drops.
43. When in the mines of dark and silent thought / Sometimes I
delve and find strange fancies there,
44. The twigs were set beneath a veil of willows.
45. He clutched and hacked at ropes, at rags of sail, / Thinking that
comfort was a fairy tale,
46. O Moon, your light is failing and you are nothing now but a bow.
47. Life is a dream in the night, a fear among fears, / A naked
runner lost in a storm of spears.
48. This world of life is a garden ravaged.
49. And therefore I went forth, with hope and fear / Into the wintry
forest of our life;
50. My soul was a lampless sea and she was the tempest.


In sound applications, a resonant frequency is a natural frequency of vibration

determined by the physical parameters of the vibrating object. This same basic
idea of physically determined natural frequencies applies throughout physics in
mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and even throughout the realm of modern
physics. Some of the implications of resonant frequencies are:

1. It is easy to get an object to vibrate at its resonant frequencies, hard to get it to

vibrate at other frequencies. Example

2. A vibrating object will pick out its resonant frequencies from a complex
excitation and vibrate at those frequencies, essentially "filtering out" other
frequencies present in the excitation. Example
3. Most vibrating objects have multiple resonant frequencies.

Ease of Excitation at Resonance

It is easy to get an object to vibrate at its resonant frequencies, hard at other frequencies. A
child's playground swing is an example of a pendulum, a resonant system with only one
resonant frequency. With a tiny push on the swing each time it comes back to you, you can
continue to build up the amplitude of swing. If you try to force it to swing a twice that
frequency, you will find it very difficult, and might even lose teeth in the process!

Swinging a child in a playground swing is an

But can you swing it at
easy job because you are helped by its
some other frequency?
natural frequency.

-Resonance occurs when a system is able to store and easily transfer energy between two or more
different storage modes (such as kinetic energy and potential energy in the case of a pendulum).
However, there are some losses from cycle to cycle, called damping. When damping is small, the
resonant frequency is approximately equal to the natural frequency of the system, which is a
frequency of unforced vibrations. Some systems have multiple, distinct, resonant frequencies.
Resonance phenomena occur with all types of vibrations or waves: there is mechanical
resonance, acoustic resonance, electromagnetic resonance, nuclear magnetic
resonance (NMR), electron spin resonance (ESR) and resonance of quantum wave functions.
Resonant systems can be used to generate vibrations of a specific frequency (e.g., musical
instruments), or pick out specific frequencies from a complex vibration containing many frequencies
(e.g., filters).
The term resonance (from Latin resonantia, 'echo', from resonare, 'resound') originates from the field
of acoustics, particularly observed in musical instruments, e.g., when strings started to vibrate and to
produce sound without direct excitation by the player.
Resonance occurs widely in nature, and is exploited in many manmade devices. It is the mechanism
by which virtually all sinusoidal waves and vibrations are generated. Many sounds we hear, such as
when hard objects of metal, glass, or wood are struck, are caused by brief resonant vibrations in the
object. Light and other short wavelength electromagnetic radiation is produced by resonance on
an atomic scale, such as electrons in atoms.

Acoustic resonance is a phenomenon that consists of a given acoustic system amplifying a sound
whose frequency matches one of its own natural frequencies of vibration
(its resonance frequencies).
The term "acoustic resonance" is sometimes used to narrow mechanical resonance to the frequency
range of human hearing, but since acoustics is defined in general terms concerning vibrational
waves in matter [1] acoustic resonance can occur at frequencies outside the range of human hearing.
An acoustically resonant object usually has more than one resonance frequency, especially
at harmonics of the strongest resonance. It will easily vibrate at those frequencies, and vibrate less
strongly at other frequencies. It will "pick out" its resonance frequency from a complex excitation,
such as an impulse or a wideband noise excitation. In effect, it is filtering out all frequencies other
than its resonance.
Acoustic resonance is an important consideration for instrument builders, as most
acoustic instruments use resonators, such as the strings and body of a violin, the length of tube in
a flute, and the shape of a drum membrane. Acoustic resonance is also important for hearing. For
example, resonance of a stiff structural element, called the basilar membrane within the cochlea of
the inner ear allows hair cells on the membrane to detect sound. (For mammals the membrane has
tapering resonances across its length so that high frequencies are concentrated on one end and low
frequencies on the other.)
Like mechanical resonance, acoustic resonance can result in catastrophic failure of the vibrator. The
classic example of this is breaking a wine glass with sound at the precise resonant frequency of the