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INSTRUCTION MANUAL .

ROTARY KILN
70000456-1
KILN SUPPORT. Type SA

Operation and maintenance

In text, reference is made to:

Ref. 1 *) Rotary kiln


General kiln instructions
Erection, operation and maintenance
Ref. 2 *) Rotary kiln plant, (dry process)
Safety regulations
Ref. 3 *) General safety regulations at sites of
erection
Ref. 4 *) Rotary kiln
Supporting bearing for support.
Erection
Ref. 5 *) Rotary kiln
Axial measuring equipment
Operation and maintenance
Ref. 6 *) Rotary kiln
Ultrasonic testing of supporting roller shafts
Operation and maintenance
Ref. 7 *) Rotary kiln
Lead wire test
Operation and maintenance

*) See note Reference to instruction manuals in section 1.

VIGERSLEV ALL 77 - 2500 VALBY - DENMARK 2040 AVENUE C - PA 18017-2188 BETHLEHEM USA CAPITAL TOWERS 180. KODAMBAKKAM HIGH ROAD, NUNGAMBAKKAM,- CHENNAI 600 034 - INDIA
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Contents: Page:
1. General notes .................................................................................. 4
2. Construction and operating principle ..... 6
2.1.1 Bedplate ....................................................................................................................... 6
2.1.2 Supporting bearings ..................................................................................................... 6
2.1.3 Supporting rollers ......................................................................................................... 6
2.1.4 Kiln tyre ........................................................................................................................ 7
2.2 Bedplate ..................................................................................................................... 7
3. Erection ........................................................................................... 8
4. Operation ........................................................................................ 8
4.1 Position of supporting rollers........................................................................................... 8
4.2 Axial loading.................................................................................................................... 9
4.3 Position of kiln tyre ........................................................................................................ 11
4.4 Lead wire tests .............................................................................................................. 11
4.5 Special conditions in connection with kiln start-up ........................................................ 11
5. Maintenance .................................................................................. 12
5.1 Preventive maintenance, survey ................................................................................... 12
5.1.1 Lubrication.................................................................................................................. 14
5.1.2 Cleaning ..................................................................................................................... 13
5.1.3 Inspection and adjustment ......................................................................................... 14
5.1.4 Checking of condition................................................................................................. 15
5.1.5 Replacement .............................................................................................................. 16
5.2 Faults and remedial action............................................................................................ 16
5.2.1 Fault 1: ....................................................................................................................... 16
5.2.2 Fault 2: ....................................................................................................................... 17
5.2.3 Fault 3 ........................................................................................................................ 17
5.2.4 Fault 4: ....................................................................................................................... 18
6. Key to Appendices ......................................................................... 19

Edited by: KelH Translated by: JRo Pages: 27


Approved by: KelH MGN code: 5A10
70000456-1 3

APPENDICES:
App. 1. Sketch of bearing shell.............................................................................................. 21
App. 2. Graphite lubrication................................................................................................... 23
App. 3. Cooling water arrangement....................................................................................... 25
App. 4. Adjustment of self-adjusting support beam .............................................................. 27
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NOTE !

The present instruction manual is concerned with the situations


which, according to the experience of FLS, are the most likely to
occur. An exhaustive enumeration of all conceivable situations
which may occur in connection with the erection, operation and
maintenance of the kiln support cannot be provided.

Consequently, if a situation should arise, the occurrence of which


is not foreseen in the instruction manual, and which the operator
is/or feels unable to handle, we would recommend that FLS is
contacted without undue delay for advice on appropriate action.

1. GENERAL NOTES
The rotary kiln supports are of paramount importance for
ensuring stable kiln operation.
In addition to operational losses, inadequate maintenance and
inspection procedures may involve substantial expenditure for
the replacement of components.

References to instruction manuals


In the text of this instruction manual, reference is made to an
instruction manual reference No. where this is deemed to be
relevant.
The titles of all instruction manuals referred to are listed on the
front page of this instruction manual, with indication of the
number referred to.
Reference to other instruction manual numbers is done via the
General kiln instruction manual, ref. 1 in which relevant
instruction manual numbers can be identified on the basis of the
title of the relevant manual.
70000456-1 5

REQUIREMENT:
Support to be used only for the specified purpose.

MANDATORY!
The directions outlined in instruction No. ref. 3
"General safety regulations at erection site" must be
strictly observed at the site of erection. This
instruction manual must be scrutinized by the client,
the erection contractor and FLS representatives
before erection work is started.

MANDATORY!
The erection/maintenance activities described in the
following sections must only be carried out by skilled
machine specialists or subject to the supervision of
such specialists.

MANDATORY!:
In connection with arc welding and when operations
involving blowtorching with gouge are carried out, the
return cable must always be attached to the object
subjected to welding, as close as possible to the area
of welding.
The return cable must never be attached in a way
which will cause the return current to be passed
through parts not connected to the object being
welded, for example: moving parts, bearings,
electrical installations or any other parts.
A return current through a bearing may give rise to
welding scars which will cause severe damage to
bearing.
A return current through electrical installations may
cause serious damage to protective earth lines
(extremely hazardous condition!) or electronic
equipment.

Where ERECTION CHECK is specifically called for in the


erection manual, this means that the FLS erection supervisor
must inspect and approve the parts mounted before permission
to proceed with the erection work can be given.
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2. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATING PRINCIPLE


A self-adjusting support consists of a self-adjusting bedplate,
four supporting bearings (11) and two supporting rollers (06).
The kiln tyre is mounted on the support with the kiln shell on
the inner side.
The support may also incorporate a thrust device.
A description of thrust device and supporting rollers is
provided in separate instruction manuals, see. ref. 1 and ref.
4.
2.1.1 Bedplate
See Appendices 1, 2 and 3.
The bedplate is a welded steel structure which is partially
embedded into the concrete foundation.
It consists of a frame structure (08) which is equipped with
hinged bearings (09) for four bearing beams (05).
The frame structure rests on two support beams (12) which
are embedded into the foundation of the support.
The supporting brackets (10) which, together with the
outermost hinged bearings (09) must absorb any axial loads
from the kiln, are fixed by welding to two other supporting
beams which are also embedded into the foundation.
The bearing beams which support the supporting bearings of
the support rest in the hinges and on the self-adjusting
support beams (03) which are supported by rocker bearings
(02) which in turn rest on baseplates (01), which are
embedded in recesses in the foundation.
Some kilns feature a closed cooling water system where the
return water from the bearings are routed directly to the drain
pipe. Therefore, each bearing is provided with a flow indicator
for cooling water.
If ground water with a high degree of hardness is used as
cooling water, we would recommend that the water be
softened in a water treatment facility to avoid calciferous
deposits in pipes and water chambers.
2.1.2 Supporting roller bearings
See separate instruction manual ref. 4
2.1.3 Supporting rollers
A supporting roller (06) consists of a roller with through-going
shaft and two thrust rings. The roller and the thrust rings are
shrunk onto the shaft.
70000456-1 7

The supporting rollers are positioned on the bearing beams in


manner ensuring that the contact generatrices between the
kiln tyre and the supporting rollers are turned 30 relative to
the centreline of the kiln.
The supporting rollers can be horizontally adjusted by means
of the screws (07) whereas the vertical adjustment is done
automatically through the self-adjusting bedplate. This means
that the supporting rollers will automatically have an
inclination which corresponds to that of the kiln tyre in
question.
The horizontal adjustment must be effected in manner
ensuring minimization of the axial force which arises due to
the fact that absolute parallelism between kiln axis and roller
axis will not be achievable, and preferably so that it is
upwardly directed towards the inlet of the kiln.
Finally, the two supporting rollers must be equally loaded, i.e.
they must be positioned at exactly the same distance from the
centreline of the bedplate. This does not apply, of course, in
case of variations in the diameter of the two supporting
rollers. For the final positioning of supporting rollers,
reference is made to the position drawing of the kiln.
On a ROTAX-2 kiln, the supporting rollers on support 2 must,
in the case of friction drive, be adjusted so that maximum
parallelism is attained with the kiln axis in the horizontal
plane. This is very important in order to minimize any wear on
the supporting rollers and kiln tyre in connection with friction
drive.
For prevention of a too low pressure on the thrust device, it
may become necessary to adjust one of the supporting rollers
on support 1 so that it will exert a slight downward pressure
on the kiln.
2.1.4 Kiln tyre
The kiln tyre supports and provides stiffening of the kiln shell,
controlling it axially by means of a thrust device.
2.2 Bedplate
The bedplate design with the movable bearing beams and
self-adjusting support beams means that the supporting roller
will automatically be adjusted so that full contact is always
attained between the supporting roller and the kiln tyre even
in case of changes in the inclination rate of the kiln tyre. This
will ensure that the Hertz pressure between the two
components is maintained within reasonable limits.
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If the regular inspections of kiln axis reveal settlement of one


of the kiln foundations, the kiln axis can be re-established by
placing two hydraulic jacks under the ends of the self-
adjusting support beams, subsequently lifting the supporting
roller and bearings for insertion of intermediates under the
rocker bearing (02). The foundation is provided with
embedded plates on which the jacks (17) can be positioned,
Fitted between bearing beams and self-adjusting support
beams are elastomer bearings (04) which will compensate for
the lack of parallelism between the contact faces when the
self-adjusting support beams are moving.

3. INSTALLALTION
See separate erection instruction manuals, ref. 1
4. OPERATION
4.1 Position of the supporting rollers
For kilns featuring hydraulic thrust device and semi-dry
supporting rollers, correct positioning of the supporting rollers
is of paramount importance. Basically, the centrelines of the
supporting rollers must be parallel to the kiln axis/the kiln tyre
axis, in the vertical plane as well as in the plane of inclination.
As a result, pure rolling will occur between the supporting
rollers and the kiln tyre without any axial reaction.
At the self-adjusting support, the latter will ensure parallelism
in the vertical plane, and, therefore, the main focus of the
adjustments must be to ensure parallelism in the plane of
inclination.
As previously mentioned, the primary aim is to ensure parallel
positioning of the supporting rollers. However, in actual
practice it will not be possible to maintain parallel positioning
of the supporting rollers, the preferred option is to allow the
supporting rollers to impact the kiln in the ascending direction
so that the axial thrust of the supporting rollers will help
relieve the loading of the thrust device. See sub-section 2.1.3.
70000456-1 9

After the supporting roller has been adjusted so that it will


exert an uphill thrust on the kiln, it is essential to ensure that,
when the kiln is in operation, contact is established at all
times between the thrust collar of the bearing shells and the
thrust ring on the hubs of the supporting rollers in all
supporting bearings on the outlet side of the supporting
rollers, i.e. the side facing downwards towards the outlet. It
will be easy to check this through the inspection ports of the
supporting bearings.
However, this visual inspection will indicate only the direction
of the axial force, not its magnitude. It is, therefore, important
to check on a regular basis, using the axial measuring
equipment, that the axial force is not only correct in terms of
direction, but also in terms of magnitude.
See separate instruction ref. 5 for axial measuring equipment.
4.2 Axial loading
A change in the axial load exerted on the supporting bearings
may be due to operating environment of the kiln, for example
the position of the flame, the condition of the lining, crust
formation, and other factors, which will lead to a change in the
kiln shell temperature, which in turn will entail changes in the
deflection of the kiln shell and the position of the kiln tyres on
the supporting rollers.
The self-adjusting bedplate will compensate for changes in
the inclination of the kiln tyre in the vertical plane, but at the
same time it will cause a minor deviation in the plane of
inclination which may lead to an increase in the axial load
exerted on the supporting bearing.
In most instances, evidence of such an increase is likely to be
in the form of rising bearing temperatures.
So, the axial load must always be checked if any supporting
bearings shows signs of rising temperatures, and, if
necessary, the position of the bearings must be adjusted as
described in instruction manual ref. 4.
If the conditions in kiln responsible for the load changes are
deemed to be temporary, it will be necessary to assess
whether the bearing temperature is so high as to necessitate
an adjustment or whether the temperature is acceptable, for
example by stepping up the cooling water supply until a
renormalization of the kiln operation has taken place.
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If it has been necessary to readjust the position of the


bearings, either because of the loading on a bearing being
unacceptably high or because the change in loading is of a
permanent nature, then both supports must be carefully
monitored during the subsequent period, and the axial force
must be checked more frequently, as compared to the
periodic inspections normally conducted.
4.3 Position of kiln tyre
If kiln shell, due to unforeseen thermal impacts, because of its
thermal expansion, has caused the kiln tyre displacement on
support I so that the kiln tyre no longer centrally positioned on
its supporting roller in hot service condition, this may, when
talking of a deviation of more than 15-20 mm, give rise to a
skew distribution of the pressure between supporting roller
and kiln tyre, and hence increased Hertz pressure.
It may well be an intended effect that the kiln tyre at support
No. 2 is offset in relation to the centreline of the supporting
rollers on this support. The reason for this is that the reaction
from the kiln tyre and the reaction from the overhanging gear
units must balance each other off so that a uniform Hertz
pressure is maintained across the entire contact width. The
relevant displacement of kiln will be indicated on the position
drawing of kiln.
If, following the start-up of kiln, it is ascertained that kiln tyre
No. 1 is not centrally positioned on the supporting roller, i.e.
with the centreline of the kiln tyre being offset more than 20
mm in relation to the centreline of the supporting roller, we
would recommend adjustment of the rocker bearing under the
self-adjusting support beams, see sub-section 5.1.3.1.
When an assessment of the necessary adjustment is made,
due consideration must be given to factors such as whether
there is a stable crust formation inside the kiln and whether
the condition of the refractory lining is acceptable. Absence of
crust formation and/or a severely worn lining may lead to an
increase in kiln shell temperature, entailing increased thermal
expansion.
70000456-1 11

4.4 Lead wire tests


Lead wire tests can be used to check the pressure conditions
between supporting roller and kiln tyre.
One single lead wire test is not a reliable parameter, but if the
tests have been taken on a regular basis since kiln start-up or
since the last alignment was made, it will be possible, on the
basis of comparisons, to use such tests to assess any
changes in the pressure conditions on the supporting rollers.
See separate instruction ref. 7.
4.5 Special conditions at start-up of kiln
In connection with the initial start-up of kiln following erection
or when kiln is put into operation following major repair work
which may have caused significant changes in the position of
the supporting rollers, there is a danger that the axial load on
the collar of a bearing shell may reach a critical level,
potentially resulting in overheating of the bearing before
corrective adjustments of the bearing can be carried out.
For any kiln start-up of this type, oil (to be applied using an oil
can) must be applied to all roller paths, and the oil level must
be maintained throughout the period of adjustment.

IMPORTANT:
THIS DOES NOT APPLY TO FRICTION-DRIVEN
SUPPORTING ROLLERS. OIL MUST NOT BE POURED
OVER THESE ROLLERS!
Use an oil grade similar to that used in the supporting roller
bearings. This will ensure that the kiln lies true against the
thrust roller at all times, even if some of the rollers have been
positioned so that they exert an upward thrust on the kiln. The
thrust against the trust roller, from the supporting rollers
exerting a downward pressure on kiln, will be simultaneously
reduced due to decreased friction between the supporting
rollers and kiln tyre.
For the same reason, there will a minor axial impact on the
thrust ring of the supporting roller shaft against the collar of
the bearing shell, thereby reducing the risk of hot-running.
Immediately after start-up, the position of the supporting
rollers must be checked and adjusted by means of the axial
measuring equipment.
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5. MAINTENANCE
5.1 Preventive maintenance, survey

Pos. Text 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
00 Support . T T T .
02 Rocker bearing . . T . .
04 Elastomer block . . T . T
05 Bearing beam . . T . .
06 Supporting roller T . T T .
08 Central frame . . T . .
10 Supporting bracket . . T . .
11 Supporting bearing . . T . .
14 Kiln tyre T . T . .
15 Graphite . . T . T
lubrication

D = per 8-hour operation A number in front of


S = weekly the letter indicates
M = monthly the frequency of
A = yearly procedure.
T = see text in For example, 2M =
instruction manual twice a month.
70000456-1 13

5.1.1
Lubrication
Kiln tyre/supporting rollers
Graphite is used for lubricating the running path between kiln
tyre and supporting rollers.
On a ROTAX-2 kiln, graphite lubrication is applied only on
support 1, NOT on the driving support with friction drive.
Lubrication is effected by means of a graphite block (15)
(99.5% graphite) which is fitted in a frame, see Appendix 2,
with the block resting owing to its dead load against the
running path of one supporting roller. The graphite is rubbed
off on the running path, thereby causing lubrication to be
effected. From the supporting roller the graphite is transferred
to the kiln tyre and to the second supporting roller.
Use graphite only, thereby ensuring ensure a bright and semi-
dry surface on the supporting rollers and kiln tyre.
In case of flakes of graphite being subsequently formed on
the kiln tyre and supporting rollers, such flakes can easily be
removed using an oil-saturated cloth. The oil must be wiped
off again after the flakes have been removed.
When approximately one half of the graphite block is affected
by wear-induced erosion, it will be possible to compensate for
the smaller weight by placing a piece of iron on top of the
graphite block. However, it is essential to ensure that the iron
is shaped and fitted so that it will be impossible for it to leave
the holder; otherwise, the iron will be trapped between the kiln
tyre and supporting roller or between supporting roller and
graphite holder.
5.1.2 Cleaning
Support (00)
Remove dust and graphite flakes from the running path of the
supporting rollers on a regular monthly basis.
Remove dust and impurities from bedplate, supporting roller
bearing housings, and, if incorporated, thrust device, on a
regular monthly basis.
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5.1.3 Inspection and adjustment


Supporting roller (06)
Check the graphite lubrication on regular weekly basis.
Check the direction of thrust of the supporting rollers on a
regular weekly basis.
NOTE!:
As mentioned in sub-section 4.1, contact must essentially be
established between the thrust collar of the bearing shell and
the thrust ring of the supporting roller in all bearings on the
outlet side of the supporting rollers.
Attention is drawn to the fact that it will be necessary to keep
the thrust collar and the thrust ring under surveillance over a
period of time which corresponds to at least 3-4 kiln
revolutions in order to obtain a reliable observation, since the
direction of thrust may change momentarily while the kiln is
rotating. For instance if the live ring "wobbles", i.e. runs out
axially on account of temporary kiln upsets as mentioned in
sub-section 4.2.
Make a visual inspection of the running path surface.
Kiln tyre (14)
Make a visual inspection of the kiln tyre surface on a regular
weekly basis.
5.1.3.1 Adjustment of rocker bearing
See Appendix 4 and assembly drawing.
With the kiln stopped and the kiln charge in neutral position,
see instruction ref. 1, the two bearing beams (05) must be
lifted with the supplied jacks (17) placed under the self-
adjusting support beam (03). Lifting must only be done until a
clearance (1-2 mm) has been generated in the rocker bearing
(02). The bearing beams must be secured while they are
lifted; this is done by inserting steel intermediates under the
bearing beams (21).
The seal (20) is dismantled and the frame holding the
pressure plate (18) is loosened. The pressure plate must be
removed. Using a spanner, the screws holding the rocker
plate (19) under the tilting beam must be loosened, and the
rocker plate must be pushed to one side to effect the desired
adjustment.
The rocker plate must be refastened and the other parts must
be remounted.
70000456-1 15

5.1.4 Checking of condition


Elastomer blocks (04)
Check for cracks and fatigue on an annual basis.
Rocker bearings (02)
Check the contact faces of the bearings for rust and other
irregularities. Clean the contact faces and smear them with
NEVER-SEEZ or a similar compound.
Check on an annual basis that the central marking on the two
thrust blocks of the rocker bearing are placed opposite one
another. If displacement is more than 3 mm, the tilting beam
must be adjusted back to its correct position.
Supporting brackets (10)
Check on a regular annual basis for wear on the contact faces
of the bearing beam and the supporting bracket.
Check once a year the welding between supporting bracket
and supporting beam for crack formations.
Bearing beams (05)
Check on a regular annual basis for crack formations around
hand holes, longitudinal welded seams and the welding on
the hinged bearing.
Embedded frame structure (08)
Check on a regular annual basis for crack formations at the
welding for the bearing supports of the hinged bearing and at
the supporting ribs at hinged bearing.
Concrete foundations (13)
Once a year, check the foundation for crack formations,
particularly around hinged bearings, supporting brackets, and
bedplates for rocker bearings.
Supporting rollers (06)
Once a year, the supporting roller must be checked for
cylindrical configurations.
Place a straightedge on the supporting roller in the axial
direction, and use a feeler gauge to check for incipient signs
of hollow rolling (concave configurations) or grooving. Write
down the recorded data.
16 70000456-1

In case of concave configurations of more than 1 mm, the


roller should be turned off or ground. Consultations with the
FLS service department may be required if it becomes
necessary to turn off the roller or to grind off the surface of
the supporting rollers.
Measure the diameter at both ends of the roller. Write down
the recorded data.
Check the running path for pittings.
Once a year, ultrasonic testing must be conducted to check
the supporting roller and journal for crack formations. See
separate instruction manual, ref. 6.
5.1.5 Replacement
Graphite block (15) must be replaced when worn out.
The elastomer bearing (04) must be replaced when visible
cracks and deformations occur on the surface.
5.2 Faults and remedial action
5.2.1 FAULT 1:
The thrust of the supporting roller is exerted in downward
direction.
CAUSE:
The position of the supporting roller has changed relative to
the kiln axis.
REMEDY:
Adjust the position of the supporting rollers; see instruction
manual ref. 4 & 5.
CAUSE:
Irregularities in the operation of kiln, crust formation, thermal
crank etc..
REMEDY:
This may be a temporary condition. Wait and see whether a
stabilization of the kiln operation occurs.
If the problem persists, an adjustment of the supporting roller
position will be required. See instruction manual ref. 4 & 5.
70000456-1 17

5.2.2 FAULT 2:
Bright stripes and formation of bevel edges on supporting
rollers and kiln tyre.
CAUSE:
Touch the water outlet connection of bearings. If shock
impacts are ascertained, this is evidence of axial sliding
between supporting roller and kiln tyre caused by misaligned
supporting rollers.
REMEDY:
Check the axial reaction using the axial measuring equipment
ref. 5 and readjust the position of the supporting rollers.
5.2.3 FAULT 3
Bearing temperature too high.
CAUSE:
Radiant heat from kiln.
REMEDY:
Check that the heat shield of the bearing has been mounted.
If necessary, mount an additional shield between kiln shell
and the supporting roller bearing.
CAUSE:
Excessive axial load on the thrust collar of bearing shell.
REMEDY:
Check the load using the axial measuring equipment. Relieve
the bearing by ensuring that the axial load is evenly
distributed between all supporting roller bearings and the
thrust device. See instruction manual ref. 5.
CAUSE:
Faulty lubrication and/or cooling of the bearing.
REMEDY:
See instruction manual ref. 4.
CAUSE:
Excessive transmission of heat from supporting rollers and
kiln tyre.
REMEDY:
As an emergency option, it will be possible to cool down the
roller by means of water. See instruction manual ref. 4
18 70000456-1

5.2.4
FAULT 4:
Pittings on kiln tyre and supporting rollers.
CAUSE:
Excessive surface pressure between kiln tyre and supporting
rollers.
REMEDY:
Adjust the inclination of the supporting rollers, and, if
necessary, re-align the kiln.
Machining of the damaged components must be carried out.
Consultations with the FLS service department are
recommended in case of need to turn off or to grind the
surface of the supporting rollers.
5.2.5 FAULT 5:
Splaying of supporting roller.
CAUSE:
Incorrect position of supporting roller.
Inadequate lubrication.
Inadequate standards of clean-up.
REMEDY:
The supporting roller which is worn hollow must be turned off
through machining if concave configuration is more than 1
mm.
If the kiln tyre is affected by convexity due to wear exposure,
more than 1 mm, the kiln tyre must also be turned off.
Consultations with the FLS service department are
recommended in case of need to turn off or to grind the
surface of the kiln tyre.
Adjust the position of the supporting rollers and check the
lubrication unit.
70000456-1 19

6. KEY TO APPENDICES
01. Bedplate for rocker bearing
02. Rocker bearing
03. Self-adjusting support beam
04. Elastomer bearing
05. Bearing beam
06. Supporting roller
07. Adjusting screw
08. Frame structure
09. Hinged bearing
10. Supporting bracket
11. Supporting bearing
12. Supporting beam
13. Kiln foundation
14. Kiln tyre
15. Graphite block
16. Heat shield
17. Jack
18. Pressure plate
19. Rocker plate
20. Seal
21. Intermediate
20 70000456-1

01. Bedplate for rocker bearing


02. Rocker bearing
03. Self-adjusting support beam
04. Elastomer bearing
05. Bearing beam
06. Supporting roller
07. Adjusting screw
08. Frame structure
09. Hinged bearing
10. Supporting bracket
11. Supporting roller
12. Supporting beam
13. Kiln foundation
70000456-1 21

Appendix 1. Sketch of bearing shell


22 70000456-1

14. Kiln tyre


15. Graphite block
16. Heat shield
70000456-1 23

Appendix 2. Graphite lubrication


24 70000456-1
70000456-1 25

Appendix 3. Cooling water arrangement


26 70000456-1

17. Jack
18. Pressure plate
19. Rocker plate
20. Seal
21. Intermediate
70000456-1 27

Appendix 4. Adjustment of self-adjusting support beam