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How the

different
activities and
food affect to
our
heartbeat?

Sek Alborn
Student
3B

Y Aitor Rodrguez
lvarez
La Mojonera
7 de febrero de
Contenido
Y1. Introducci
2. Hipothesis................................................................................................ 5
2.2. Independent Variable...........................................................................5
2.2. Dependent variable.............................................................................. 5
2.3 Controlled variables...........................................................................5
3. Equipment............................................................................................... 6
4. Data......................................................................................................... 6

1. Introduccin

How does the heart beat affect to our health?


The pulse is the pressure wave generated by the pumping of
blood from the heart into the arteries: The heart rate is the measure
of how many times the heart pumps per minute.
The heart rate is the number of times the heart beats per
minute. The heart rate increases markedly in response to adrenaline,
that is, when a person is frightened or surprised.
Infante 80 a 160 pulsaciones por
s minuto
Nios 80 a 100 pulsaciones por
minuto
Adulto 60 a 80 pulsaciones por minuto
s

A Ancian 60 o menos pulsaciones por heart attack


occurs when os minuto part of the
heart muscle is
damaged or dies because it is not receiving an enough oxygen.
Arteries that carry blood and oxygen to the heart are called coronary
arteries. If obstructions occur in one or more of the coronary arteries
the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart can be reduced, so what
this means is that we can have heart attacks because a blood flow
occurs which occurs when one or more Coronary arteries, so your
heart rate will increase.
If you take your pulse when your results are out of range, be
sure to check with your doctor as soon as possible to see if you have
atrial fibrillation.
Blood flow is the amount of blood that crosses the section of a
given point of circulation in a given period.
Blood pressure is the pressure with which the blood circulates
through the blood vessels when it leaves the heart, in which there are
two types of pressure. Diastolic blood pressure: corresponds to the
minimum value of blood pressure when the heart is in diastole or
between heartbeats.
How can food affect the heartbeat?
Heart rate can be affected by emotional state, physical activity
and the food we eat and drink. We may notice that after drinking a
cup of coffee or eating certain foods, the heart begins to beat faster.

Coffee and tea contains caffeine is a natural stimulant found in


coffee beans, tea and other foods. Caffeine has the ability to increase
heart rate, blood pressure and brain activity. For healthy people, this
increase in heart rate, in general, is not a problem.
Spicy food can increase your heart rate just like chocolate.
However chocolate can prevent a heart attack in 8%, but only dark
chocolate also the Chile that is a spicy food, have benefits the
substance that gives itch activates a mechanism that relaxes the
arteries.
As we can see the blood flow, according to the pressure of the
arteries, which is what causes the coffee, this is a graph of how
normal pressure and flow should be, but when we take certain
substances like coffee, tea, food spicy like curry or chocolate, the
pressure has more abrupt changes.
The pressure gradient describes a first positive wave rising from the
beginning of systole to reaching its maximum value in the eighth part
of the cycle and then decreasing. This wave is followed by another
negative in which the pressure gradient is reversed. Consequently the
flow first increases with a maximum which is reached shortly after the
maximum of the pressure gradient, but which is advanced with
respect to the maximum of the pressure wave. The flow then
descends until inverted. At the aortic level this moment coincides with
the closure of the aortic valves. In arteries as occurs approximately
halfway through the cardiac cycle. This period of retrograde flow is
followed by another one of anterograde flow coincident with the
pressure diastolic wave and an increase of the pressure gradient at
the end of the cycle.

But, why it is so dangerous dont have the normal values to


human health?
Because you may suffer from atrial fibrillation, which is a disease
characterized by uncoordinated and unorganized atrial beats,
producing a rapid and irregular heartbeat only occurs when the
activation sequence of the heart is altered and the atria sends
multiple stimuli of irregular shape . As a result of all this, the heart
accelerates and loses regularity. In this experiment, data will be
collected from the hearth bate, from La Mojonera the region that
belongs to Almeria, during (from 3 of February, 2017).
But not only that, it can cause heart problems, but before that we can
develop the following symptoms:
Blount Disease: The fact that growing bones have to carry.
Osteoarthritis: Inflammation of joints that have to carry an excess
weight.
Displacement: The femoral head: Hip problem.
Asthma: Respiratory problems.
Arterial hypertension: When blood pressure is too high, the heart
must pump harder.
Here we can see that I have a healthy weight according to this page,
but by these calculations there may be errors because of the weight
we use, and here you can see the weights, which I left after weighing
me weigh in the weight of my house and I frame 64 kilos, and as I did
not trust me weigh in on my sister-in-law, and in that frame 60 kilos
which I found a very low weight and I thought that weight is more
accurate than that of a pharmacy I grabbed a euro and I went to The
pharmacy and I weigh in that weight and marked exactly 62 kilos.

So as we can see having a healthy weight is very important especially


of small since this way we can avoid the lived of eating more and
more, that is why sometimes we must resist the temptation to eat
chocolate and junk food, We will continue doing the same and we will
not be able to leave it aside, so it is better to start worrying about the
health of us or the children to avoid these problems.
Here we have a graph that clearly shows the weight that adults should have
according to their height and weight.

2. Hipothesis
If we have a constant rhythm then we would have more viscosity
and tension, because we did not stop so the body has to pump
more blood, for the body to function correctly.
2.2. Independent Variable
The independent variable is the one that is manipulated
or altered in order to evaluate changes in results. This variable
is changed to provide some effect or phenomenon that is
important in the experiment. In this case, the independent
variable. Is the activity that we would do, and like that we could
see the acceleration of the pulse, between each other? Put the
pulse on each and put a graph to see the difference.
2.2. Dependent variable
The dependent variable is the one that change for the action of
the independent variable. In this case, the dependent variable is the
hearth bate acceleration pulse during the same period of time in each
activity.
2.3 Controlled variables
The controlled variables are the ones which must be constant
during the experiment. They cannot be changed or modified during
any phase of the experiment, because it would suppose alterations in
the results. In this case, the controlled variables are the place where
the data is collected (La Mojonera), the duration during which data is
collected in each time (5 minutes), the days in which the data is
collected (from 5 to 6 pm), the year selected for the experiment
(2017), the circuit and the person.

3. Equipment
To carry out this experiment it is necessary to use the following
materials:
Materials Function and description

Computer or laptop Which is required to can obtain the necessary


data about the hearth beat that is found al
principio y al final.
Internet To can take the data from the website of the
BMI, Age, Gender or Physical activity

4. Data
We take the blood pressure, we will use an application called care
monitor, which will help us know our heart rate, which gave me about 68
bpm and blood pressure 117/79 mmHg.
Here is a chart showing the rise and fall of blood pressure.
Diastolic blood pressure: corresponds to the minimum value of blood
pressure when the heart is between heart beats.
Systolic blood pressure: corresponds to the maximum value of blood
pressure when the heart is between heart beats.

Now we will see how the heart rate, blood pressure, blood viscosity and
oxygen, collected at the end of the following activities, walking, jogging
and running, and we will see how the heart rate increases as well as
blood pressure.
Hearth beat when we do 5 minutes of each activities
Tension arterial Maxima Tension arterial minima Frecuencia cardiaca
Oxigeno Vicosidad de sangre

140

120 116
110
103
98 98 98
100

80 72 76
67 63 66
57
60

40

20

0
Walking 0 Footing 0 Runing 0

As we can see the viscosity of the blood is absolutely 0, and it dont


increase according to the exercise we do it doesnt change, like the
oxygen, but the blood pressure if it varies according to the exercise we
do, it increases, but not an outrage, heart rate increases rapidly, because
we are moving the whole body at a constant speed.

Data discussion
After the collection of the data and the realization of the pertinent tables
and graphs, the results obtained were not the expected ones. In my
hypothesis is said that if carbon monoxide is resulting from an incomplete
combustion produced by combustion engines, then more carbon monoxide
will be find in El Ejido during a summer week than during a winter week
because during that season the traffic is more affluent than in winter
because of the arrival of tourists and the beginning of the summer holidays
for most people, which bring about more trips and as a result more CO is
expelled into the atmosphere. However, the results indicate that more
volume of CO is found in the atmosphere in El Ejido during a winter week
than during a summer week, with the exception of the two last days (22 and
23) which can be isolated instances because that is the period when people
who have their holidays during the second half of August go back to their
home after a week holiday away from them, increasing the traffic level.
During the winter week the volume of CO found in the air is higher than
during the summer week, that is why, in winter people is used to close and
insulate the inside of the buildings in order to keep the heating, preventing
from have a good ventilation and decreasing the volume of oxygen
necessary to the different machines for carry out theirs combustions,
producing as a result, carbon monoxide instead of carbon dioxide.
Moreover, there is more carbon monoxide in winter and a bit less in the
summer because at low temperatures the quality of fuel may be
low, leading to high emissions of carbon monoxide into the atmosphere,
produced specially by cars.
As it is indicated in the first graph, which shows the volume of CO found in
the air in El Ejido during the winter week and the third graph that shows the
volume of CO found in the air in El Ejido during the summer week, the
volume of carbon monoxide found during the summer week is more stable
that the one found in the winter week, because there are less variation
among