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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ............................................................................................. i

KATA PENGANTAR

DAFTAR ISI ..........................................

TABEL.................................................................................................................xiii

DAFTAR GAMBAR

DAFTAR SINGKATAN

BAB 1 : PENDAHULUAN....................................................................................1

1.1.Latarbelakang Masalah .............................................................................. ..1

1.2.Perumusan Pasala ............................................................................................. 9

1.3.Tujuan Penelitian ............................................................................................10

1.4.Manfaat Penelitian ..........................................................................................10

1.5.Metodologi Penelitian..................................................................................... 11

1.6.Kerangka Terori ..............................................................................................14

1.7.Kerangka Konsepsional ................................................................................. 16

1.8.Sistimatika Penulisan ..................................................................................... 19

BAB 2: Pengaturan Hukum Internasional dan Hukum Nasional Indonesia


Tentang IUU Fishing
2.1. Ketentuan Internasioanal ............................................................................. ..20

2.1.1. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea..................................... 20

2.1.2. International plan of Action ( IPOA ) .........................................................23

2.1.3. Code of Conduct for Responsile Fisheries (CCRF) ................................... 25

2.2. Ketentuan Nasional........................................................................................ 28


2.2.1. Undang-undang. No.31 thn 2004 jo Undang-undang No. 45 thn
2010 tentang Perikanan ...................... ..28

2.2.2. Kewajiban memiliki Surat Izin Usaha Perikanan (SIUP) dan


Surat IzinPenangkapan Ikan (SIPI). ........................................................... 32

2.2.3. Vessel Monitoring system (VMS). ............................................................ 35

2.2.4. Log Book ................................................................................................... 37

BAB 3: Praktek IUU Fishing di Laut Arafura dan Penangulanganya ......... 42

3.1. Kegiatan pelanggaran penangkapan ikan di Laut Arafura ............................ 42

3.1.1. Katagori Illegal fishing .......................................................................... 42

3.1.2. Kategori Unreported Fishing ..................................................................... 46

3.1.2.1. Kapal-kapal ikan melakukan pembongkaran dan penjualan


ikan di tengah laut (transhipment) .......................................................... 46
3.2. Faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kegiatan IUU-Fishing di Laut
Arafura .......................................................................................................... 48

3.2.1. Dampak dari IUU Fishing ......................................................................... .48

3.2.1.1. Penurunan stok sumberdaya ikan ............................................................ 48

3.2.1.2. Kemiskinan.............................................................................................. 51

3.2.2. Upaya penangulangn IUU fishing di Laut Arafura .................................... 53

3.2.2.1. Sumberdaya Manusia (SDM) .................................................................. 53

3.2.2.2. Sarana dan Prasarana ............................................................................... 56

3.2.2.3. Pelaksanaan Kordinasi ............................................................................ 58

3.2.2.4. Penelitian dan Pengembangan ................................................................. 60

3.2.2.5. Penegakan Hukum di Bidang Perikanan ................................................. 62

3.2.2.6. Kerjasama berbagai pihak dalam Penanggulangan IUU-Fishing ........... 65

3.2.3. Manfaat dari penangulanggan IUU fishing ................................................ 66

3.2.3.1. ketersediaan Sumber Daya Alam ............................................................ 66


3.2.3.2. Penumbuhan permintaan pasar................................................................ 68

3.3. Penanganan IUU Fishing Dalam Kerjasama Regional ................................. 69

3.3.1. Kerjasama Arafura dan Laut Timor Expert Forum (ATSEF) .................... 69

3.3.2.ATSEA ........................................................................................................ 72

BAB IV : Starategi yang di ambil dalam upaya penangulangan IUU Fishing


dilaut arafura oleh Pemerinta daerah Provinsi Papua

4.1. mengoptimalkan peran PPNS perikanan melalui pembentukan pengadilan


khusus perikanan ........................................................................................... 76

4.1.1. Sumberdaya manusia (SDM) yaitu berupa sertifikasi yang dimiliki, tingkat
pendidikan PPNS ................................................................................................. 76

4.2. Pengadaan kapal Pengawas ........................................................................... 78

4.3. Membangun prasarana penunjang berupa pelabuhan perikanan ...................


80

4.4. Penataan koordinasi antar lembaga terkait..................................................... 83

4.5. Menambah jumlah personil PPNS perikanan ............................................... 85

4.6. Meningkatkan jumlah alokasi dana untuk kegiatan pengawasan ................. 86

BAB V : Penutup ............................................................................................... 88

Daftar Pustaka ................................................................................................... 90