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OPERATORS MANUAL

VANDEL COMPACTOR QS300

Issue 01 - 10/2010
Translation of the original manual 4279271V91
Rue de la Ferme du carbou Parc Industriel Mi-Carrre BP 637 - 40006 MONT-DE-MARSAN CEDEX
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OPERATORS MANUAL

OPERATION & MAINTENANCE MANUAL

VANDEL COMPACTOR QS300

Rf. 4279271V91

VANDEL - S.A. au capital de 647 400 - 400 369 435 RCS MONT-DE-MARSAN
TVA FR 94 400 369 435 - Code NAF 293 D
Page 3
PRESENTATION

PRESENTATION

Your compactor is intended for spreading and compacting ordinary household and industrial waste in land
disposal facilities.

WARNING SYMBOL

This symbol means DANGER and gives important indications concerning safety. When you see this
symbol please read the message which follows attentively and be careful since there is a risk of serious or
fatal injury.

WARNING!
Improper use of this machine or non-respect of the safety
instructions can lead to serious or even fatal injuries.

BEFORE USING THIS COMPACTOR

1- Read the manual carefully;

2- Ensure that the machine has equipment that is adapted to the work to be carried out;

3- Learn about the applicable regulations of the country, the profession, and private work sites on which it
will be operated.

4279271V91
Page 4
PRESENTATION

FOREWORD

You have just become the owner of a VANDEL compactor. This machine was designed and built with a
concern for quality and viability. It is in conformance with the applicable health and safety regulations
(chapter 1).

However, this does not exclude risks of accidents. This is why it is indispensable to adhere to and apply the
safety rules and basic precautions.

This instruction manual was designed to facilitate use as well as daily and preventive maintenance of your
compactor.

Carefully read the safety, driving, and maintenance instructions that are included and strictly adhere to them
in order to avoid the main dangers related to the machine during use and maintenance.

Your machine is a work tool on which you can always count, on condition nonetheless, that it is properly
maintained.

To keep your compactor in perfect working condition, all the periodic checks must be carried out, failing
which the benefit of the usual guarantees might be lost.

Our customer service is at your disposal for these operations. DO NOT HESITATE TO CONTACT US.

After the guarantee period our technicians or our authorised representative will ensure, at your request, the
customer service that you expect and will supply ORIGINAL SPARE PARTS, the only guarantee of
interchangeability and quality.

Our permanent and continuous concern for improvement of our products can lead us to make modifications
which we consider to be favourable to the increased efficiency of the compactor. We have no obligation to
make these improvements to compactors which have been delivered or which are already in service.

IMPORTANT:

When entrusting this machine to an employee or if it is lent or rented, please ensure that before use the
operator:
1/ has been trained and informed of the instructions for safety and correct use of the machine,
2/ has read and understood the instructions provided in the manual concerning the machine.

Use this manual as a guide and keep it at all times in the storage net reserved for this purpose, located to the
right of the conductor in the compactor cabin. Ensure that it is always complete, in good condition, and that if
there are updates they are included.

If you would like to obtain additional manuals you may refer to our Customer Service, or our authorised
representative, who is at your disposal for any additional information you may need.

SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS

VANDEL provides the EC declaration of conformance concerning safety (self-certification according to


98/37/CE) when the compactor is delivered.

4279271V91
Page 5
PRESENTATION

DESIGN:

Articulated frame, 4-wheel drive, equipped with:


-A diesel engine, inline 6 cylinders, turbocharged, water cooling;
-A hydrodynamic torque converter and a 2-gear planetary gearbox, front and rear;
-Fixed FRONT and REAR axles with planetary final drives and self-locking differentials;
-An operator station with a sound suppressed, pressurised, air-conditioned PREDISYS CAB with a
roll-over structure;
-Walkways and a tilting hood as well as a hinge-mounted rear box for easy maintenance.

450001

The indications for Right and Left mentioned in this manual are given in relation to the forward direction of
the COMPACTOR for an observer in the conductors seat.

IDENTIFICATION

TYPE OF COMPACTOR REAR AXLE


SERIAL NUMBER HYDRAULIC PUMP
YEAR OF MANUFACTURE STEERING
TYPE OF ENGINE DISTRIBUTOR
ENGINE SERIAL N STEERING CYLINDER
TRANSMISSION BLADE LIFT CYLINDER
FRONT AXLE TYPE OF BLADE

Certain components of your compactor have a name plate on which the serial numbers are engraved.
These indications as well as the serial number of your compactor should be noted in case of interventions on
these components.

4279271V91
NOTES Page 6

NOTES:

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NOTES Page 7

NOTES:

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRESENTATION .............................................................................................................................................. 3
NOTES: ................................................................................................................................................ 6
1.1 - GENERAL RULES .............................................................................................................................. 12
1.2 - BEFORE USING THE COMPACTOR ............................................................................................... 13
1.3 - OPERATING THE MACHINE ........................................................................................................... 14
1.4 - PARKING THE COMPACTOR .......................................................................................................... 15
1.5 - MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................................. 15
1.6 - FUNCTIONING FAILURES ............................................................................................................... 17
1.7 - PREVENTION OF FIRES AND/OR EXPLOSIONS.......................................................................... 18
1.8 - PREVENTION OF BURNS ................................................................................................................. 18
1.9 - SAFETY STICKERS ........................................................................................................................... 19
NOTES: .............................................................................................................................................. 24
2.1 - ACCESS TO THE OPERATOR STATION ........................................................................................ 25
2.2 - THE SEAT AND SAFETY BELT ....................................................................................................... 25
2.3 - THE STEERING JOYSTICK .............................................................................................................. 27
2.4 - THE DASHBOARD ............................................................................................................................. 28
2.4.1 - CANCOCKPIT display unit ......................................................................................................... 28
2.4.3 - Warning lights ............................................................................................................................... 32
2.4.4 - Meters and switches ...................................................................................................................... 33
2.5 - CONTROLS ......................................................................................................................................... 34
2.5.1 - The main controls.......................................................................................................................... 34
2.5.2 - Components and safety fittings ..................................................................................................... 35
2.5.3 - Operator comfort ........................................................................................................................... 36
2.5.4 - Fittings .......................................................................................................................................... 38
2.5.5 - The tool box .................................................................................................................................. 39
2.6 - OPTIONS.............................................................................................................................................. 40
2.6.1 - Automatic centralised lubrication (option) ................................................................................... 40
2.6.2 - Flashing reverse lights (option)..................................................................................................... 40
2.6.3 - The COMPACT SYSTEM (option) .......................................................................................... 41
2.6.4 - The VANDEL CONTROL (option) .......................................................................................... 41
2.6.5 - Rear vision device (option) ........................................................................................................... 42
NOTES: .............................................................................................................................................. 43
3.1 - VERIFICATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT ........................................................................................ 45
3.1.1 - First commissioning Routine verification: ................................................................................. 45
3.1.2 - Systematic daily verifications: ...................................................................................................... 45
3.1.3 - Systematic verifications before each start-up: .............................................................................. 48
3.1.4 - Systematic verifications at each start-up: ...................................................................................... 48
3.2 - CONDITIONS OF USE ....................................................................................................................... 48
3.2.1 - The seat and the dashboard ........................................................................................................... 48
3.2.2. - Starting the engine........................................................................................................................ 49
3.2.3 - Changing gears .............................................................................................................................. 52
3.2.4 - Use of the blade............................................................................................................................. 53
3.2.5 - Mobilizing the compactor ............................................................................................................. 54
3.2.7 - Stopping the engine ....................................................................................................................... 55
3.3 - SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................................ 55
3.3.1 - The breaking-in period .................................................................................................................. 55
3.3.2 - Working conditions ....................................................................................................................... 56
3.4 - HANDLING THE COMPACTOR ....................................................................................................... 57
3.4.1 - Lifting............................................................................................................................................ 57
3.4.2 - Towing .......................................................................................................................................... 57
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.4.3 - Transport ....................................................................................................................................... 58
3.4.4. - Long term parking ........................................................................................................................ 58
NOTES: .............................................................................................................................................. 59
4 - ENTRETIEN............................................................................................................................................... 61
4.1 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................................................. 61
4.2 SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................................ 62
4.2.1 Protection measures against fires ................................................................................................. 64
4.2.2 - The breaking-in period .................................................................................................................. 65
4.2.3 Maintenance operations ................................................................................................................ 66
4.3 ROUTINE MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS .................................................................................... 67
4.4 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LUBRICANTS AND GREASES .................................................... 68
4.5 - CAPACITIES OF THE UNITS ............................................................................................................ 69
4.6 - POINTS AND PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ........................................................... 70
NOTES: .............................................................................................................................................. 76
5 - GUIDE DENTRETIEN ............................................................................................................................ 77
5.1 - THE ENGINE ....................................................................................................................................... 77
5.1.1 - Lubricating the engine................................................................................................................... 77
5.1.2 - The supply system ......................................................................................................................... 79
5.1.3 - The cooling system ....................................................................................................................... 81
5.1.4 - Air filters ....................................................................................................................................... 89
5.15 - The compressed air circuit ............................................................................................................. 92
5.1.6 - The turbocharger ........................................................................................................................... 93
5.1.7 The engine anchoring points ........................................................................................................... 94
5.2 - CLEANING THE RADIATORS ......................................................................................................... 95
5.3 - THE TRANSMISSION ........................................................................................................................ 97
5.3.1 - Checking the oil level ................................................................................................................... 97
5.3.2 - Changing the gearbox oil .............................................................................................................. 98
5.3.3 - The open air filter:......................................................................................................................... 99
5.4 - THE FRONT AND REAR AXLES ................................................................................................... 100
5.4.1 - Checking the oil level: ................................................................................................................ 100
5.4.2 - Changing the oil: ......................................................................................................................... 100
5.5 - THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ........................................................................................................... 101
5.5.1 - Checking the oil level: ................................................................................................................ 101
5.5.2 - Draining the system: ................................................................................................................... 101
5.5.3 - Verifying the pressure: ................................................................................................................ 102
5.5.4 - Compression release of the hydraulic system ............................................................................. 103
5.6 - THE AIR CONDITIONING .............................................................................................................. 105
NOTES: ............................................................................................................................................ 107
6 - ENTRETIEN ET REGLAGES ............................................................................................................... 109
6.1 - WHEELS ............................................................................................................................................ 109
6.2 - THE BRAKING SYSTEM ................................................................................................................. 109
6.2.1 - The operating brake .................................................................................................................... 109
6.2.2 - The parking brake ....................................................................................................................... 110
6.3 - THE ENGINE ..................................................................................................................................... 111
6.4 - THE CENTRE-POINT FRAME ARTICULATION ......................................................................... 111
6.5 - THE PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE ................................................................................................... 112
NOTES: ............................................................................................................................................ 113
7 - ELECTRICITE ........................................................................................................................................ 115
7.1 - BATTERIES ....................................................................................................................................... 115
7.2 - THE GENERATOR ........................................................................................................................... 116
7.3 - STARTING UP WITH EMERGENCY BATTERIES ....................................................................... 117
4279271V91
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
7.4 - FUSES AND RELAYS ...................................................................................................................... 118
7.5 - LIGHTING ......................................................................................................................................... 120
NOTES: ............................................................................................................................................ 121
8 - SPECIFICATIONS TECHNIQUES ...................................................................................................... 123
NOTES: ............................................................................................................................................ 125
9 - INDEX ALPHABETIQUE ...................................................................................................................... 127

4279271V91
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1 - SAFETY

4279271V91
Page 12
1 - SAFETY

The indications given below constitute a summary of the rules to be followed at all times and do not exempt
you from statutory provisions such as the local or private work site regulations.

1.1 - GENERAL RULES

Your safety, as well as that of the people in the vicinity of the machine, depends on you. It is essential that
you understand this instructions manual in order to drive, inspect, grease, and maintain the machine correctly.

Read this manual carefully and ensure that you have perfectly learnt and understood the directions as well as
the following safety instructions:

This symbol means DANGER and gives important indications concerning safety. When you see this
symbol please read the message which follows attentively and be careful since there is a risk of serious or
fatal injury.

-This machine has a state of the art design and construction and is in conformance with the current safety
regulations. However, this does not completely exclude the risk of accidents. It is therefore essential to adhere
to the safety rules and the basic precautions.

-Strict adherence to the instructions given in this manual allows avoidance of the dangers associated with the
machine during its use and maintenance.

-These instructions are effective only on machines that are properly maintained and in good working
condition. If a defect is detected it must be corrected immediately.

-Do not use the machine for any other purposes besides those described in this manual.

-In case of special problems which require an intervention or application which is not described in this
manual, contact VANDEL or its authorised representative immediately.

-Keep this manual at all times in the storage net provided for this purpose, located to the right of the conductor
in the compactor cabin. Ensure that it is always complete, in good condition, and that if there are updates they
are included.

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Page 13
1 - SAFETY

1.2 - BEFORE USING THE COMPACTOR

-Do not drive or carry out maintenance work on this machine as long as the warning instructions included in
this manual have not been read and clearly understood

-Always use the means of access that are provided (handles, guardrails, steps, etc) to climb into or out of
the machine and always respect the three-point rule

-Always sit correctly in the conductors seat before touching the machine controls

-Before starting the heat engine, ensure that you are very familiar with the location and function of each
control. An incorrect manoeuvre can lead to serious injuries

-Learn and become familiar with the safety symbols which appear on the machine

-Keep the safety symbols clean and legible.

-Learn ways of getting out of the machine (emergency exit) in case it turns over or if the main access
accidentally becomes blocked. See the chapter on the OPERATOR STATION.

-Be prepared to intervene in case of emergency. Always have an emergency kit and a good extinguisher at
hand. Be perfectly aware of their method of use.

-Always attach the seat belt before turning on the ignition. The machine is equipped with a protective
structure which ensures your safety in case it turns over. The belt will effectively protect you in all cases if
you attach it correctly. It should neither be too loose, too twisted, nor caught in the seat.

-Exhaust gases are very harmful. Do not operate the compactor in a closed room unless it is properly
ventilated.

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1 - SAFETY

1.3 - OPERATING THE MACHINE

-Only the operator should be authorised to start up the compactor.

Never mount or dismount a machine that is in motion.

-To access or exit the operator station, use the access provided for this purpose.

-Keep the accesses clean. Remove oil, grease, mud, as well as snow and ice in winter.

-Adapt driving to the conditions of the worksite (condition of the soil, obstacles, and environment), see the
chapter on OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING.

-Choose the appropriate gear for the work to be carried out so that the engine speed is as close as possible to
the rated speed.

-Avoid using the new compactor at full-load. The compactor should only be used at full-load after a minimum
of 50 hours of functioning.
Never overload the compactor as this could result in premature wearing and a breach in the guarantee
contract.

-In cold weather , before putting the engine in full-load, it should be left running at medium speed for a few
minutes to allow it to reach its functioning temperature.

-Learn the capacities and limits of your compactor, as well as the space required for it to be manoeuvred.

-Different types of work on different sites and in different environments require different protective
equipment. For example, helmets, safety shoes and gloves, reflective vests, respiratory masks, and ear plugs
might be necessary. It is essential to know how to use the equipment you need before starting work.

-Dust, fog, smoke, etc. can affect visibility and cause accidents.
Stop the machine or slow down for as long as the visibility surrounding you and in the work area remains
poor.

-Before starting work, verify all the controls in a safe area and ensure proper functioning of the machine. Then
ensure proper functioning of all the protective devices and the main features (steering system, braking, etc.) in
an unobstructed area.

-The conductor must be alone on the machine.

- Ensure that there is no-one close to the machine.

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1 - SAFETY

-Do not allow anyone within the danger zone of the machine, which is approximately 7 m (23 ft) around the
machine.

-Never jump from the machine, you might injure yourself.

-Stay far from risk zones such as ditches, overhangs, the edges of slopes, and earth fall zones. Inspect the
work site before starting up. Identify dangers.

-Before leaving the operator station ensure that the machine is parked on a flat horizontal surface and is fully
immobilised.

-Use the controls progressively so that the machine works smoothly.

-Never start up a control or driving component if not seated in the operator station seat.

-Appropriate clothing that is adapted to the machine and the work site is required.
Avoid wearing flowing clothes and long hair that is not held back which could become caught in the controls.

-If the machine overturns, you could be seriously injured, which may lead to serious consequences. You must
be capable of judging whether the weather or environmental conditions allow entirely safe use on hilly or
uneven terrain.

-Before Manoeuvring the compactor, ensure that there is no-one close to the machine or in the zone of
manoeuvring.

1.4 - PARKING THE COMPACTOR

Ensure that the compactor is properly parked on a flat horizontal surface.


Before leaving the compactor always leave the forward and reverse selector in the neutral position and engage
the safety lock:

-Lower the blade;


-Stop the engine;
-Pull up the hand brake;
-Isolate the batteries with the battery disconnect switch on the outside of the compactor.

1.5 - MAINTENANCE

Provide all the care required for everyday and periodic maintenance operations for your compactor by
referring to the appropriate tables in the instructions manual.

Ensure that the oilers are clean and unblocked.

Periodic verification and proper maintenance are the best way to keep your compactor in good functioning
condition.

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Page 16
1 - SAFETY

The compactor must be kept perfectly clean by opening the armour plates and frequently cleaning the interior
and the lower parts of the frame, which ensures perfect functioning safety.

NB: If you use high pressure cleaning, hold the nozzle of the hose at a reasonable distance and be careful not
to damage the electric wire insulators and the radiator cores, even at relatively moderate temperatures.

Leaving the compactor with the blade raised or the engine


running without the operator can lead to serious injuries.

Before carrying out the maintenance of this machine, proceed in the following manner:
1/ Park the compactor on flat horizontal ground;
2/ Lower the blade until it rests on the ground;
3/ Stop the engine and raise the hand brake;
4/ Block the machine (rollers, articulated frame) to avoid any movement.

-When carrying out maintenance on the machine, place a Do not start label at a highly visible spot on the
dashboard.

-Maintenance that is not thoroughly carried out can lead to serious injuries. If you do not understand a
maintenance or adjustment procedure contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised representative.

-Modifications of the machine functions or the use of foreign fittings without prior authorisation can lead to
serious injuries. Never attempt to make modifications without the approval of VANDEL.

-If you must verify or check the machine while the engine is running, ensure that you have someone to assist
you. Follow the instructions for maintenance and adjustment in this manual. Do not vacate the operators seat
while the engine is running.

-The protective frame of the cabin is in conformance with the FOPS/ROPS standards. Modifications
(boring, welding, etc) are strictly forbidden and will invalidate conformance with the standards. Anyone
who notices forbidden modifications on the compactor should notify the customer and the manufacturer in
writing.

-Eye protection must always be worn when using a tool which can cause the projection of particles. Use a
hammer with a soft side, for example, in copper, to mount axles or to knock in pins.

-Hydraulic fluid or grease under pressure which penetrates the skin can cause serious injuries. Take the
necessary measures (protection of the face and hands) to avoid all risks.
In addition, before using these products, read the manufacturers instructions for use attentively. In case of
accidental penetration of the skin, immediately contact your physician.

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1 - SAFETY

-Avoid the area of the kingbolt of the machine when the engine is running, unless the transport/maintenance
safety bar is in the LOCKED position. After maintenance, unlock the bar and place it in the IN USE position.

If you need to carry out maintenance of the machine with a blade in the raised
position (cleaning the blade or other operations), always lock the lift arm by placing
a wedge under the blade.

-When carrying out the maintenance of the machine, always wear a mask or safety goggles, safety shoes,
gloves, a helmet and other protective equipment according to the situation or the local regulations. Do not
wear any hanging objects or jewellery.

-Allow the engine to cool before removing the radiator pressure cap.

-Never add cooling fluid to the radiator when the engine is very hot.

-Ensure that all the protective devices are correctly in place and in good condition.

PREVENTIVE CHECKS OF THE MAIN COMPONENTS: The user is advised to take a course in preventive
maintenance of the sub-assemblies, according to the conditions of use of the material, by simple request to
VANDEL or its authorised representative.

For your safety and the proper functioning of your compactor,


always use original spare parts.

1.6 - FUNCTIONING FAILURES

While working, regularly glance at the control instruments.

In case of a functioning anomaly or failure, immediately stop the machine, report the defect and, if necessary,
take measures to prevent its use (Do not use label on the dashboard, removal of the keys, cutting the energy
sources, etc.). Before any intervention on the hydraulic and electric systems consult the corresponding
chapters.

It is by discovering abnormal indications on time that you can take the measures required to avoid serious
deteriorations.

The detection of failures and immediate replacement of broken or defective parts will help you to avoid many
setbacks.

When a warning light is illuminated


When the audible alarm goes off
IMMEDIATELY STOP
the compactor and take the measures required to fix the defect .

Systematically and as quickly as possible, close the battery


disconnect switch regardless of the abnormality noted.
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Page 18
1 - SAFETY

1.7 - PREVENTION OF FIRES AND/OR EXPLOSIONS

-Never fill the tank while the engine is running. Never smoke
during filling.
-While de-greasing parts, always use non-flammable products.

-A spark or flame can cause the hydrogen released by the battery to explode.
Before all interventions, carefully read the applicable instructions.

-A frozen battery can explode if you try to charge it or if you try to start up with the support of another
battery. To prevent the electrolyte from freezing, ensure that the batteries are always charged.

-Sparks can be projected from the electrical or the heat engine exhaust-system and cause a fire or an
explosion. Before operating the machine in areas with flammable vapours, ensure that ventilation is adequate.

-Have a fire extinguisher close at hand on the machine and ensure its regular maintenance according to the
manufacturers instructions.

-Regularly remove all rubbish from the machine that could cause a fire and especially from around the
components such as the engine, the gearbox, the cardan drives, the brakes, and especially the interior of the
frame and the armoured plates.

-Regularly ensure that there are no leakages and replace hoses, pipes, and defective or damaged connecting
components. After all repairs, clean the machine before operating it.

-Do not add either alcohol or gasoline to combustible diesel fuel since this can result in an explosive mixture.

1.8 - PREVENTION OF BURNS

-Sulphuric acid contained in batteries can cause severe burns. Do not ingest, and avoid contact with skin,
eyes, and clothes.
In case of accidental ingestion of acid, call the anti-poison centre and evacuate the victims according to the
safety instructions of the site.

-Boiling fluid from the cooling system can splash if the radiator pressure cap is removed while the unit is still
hot. To remove the radiator pressure cap, allow the system to cool then turn the cap to the first notch and wait
until the pressure drops. You run the risk of being scalded if you remove the expansion tank cap too quickly.
Then completely remove the cap.

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Page 19
1 - SAFETY

1.9 - SAFETY STICKERS

-Ensure that the stickers are perfectly legible.

An illegible or missing sticker can have serious consequences.


Immediately replace all missing or damaged safety stickers.

-Clean them regularly and replace them with new ones if they are lost, damaged or no longer legible.

-When a part with a sticker is replaced, ensure that a new sticker is placed on the replacement part.

NB:
You can obtain new stickers from the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised representative ( or ).
See the table on the following page for the name and references of the stickers.

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1 - SAFETY

PLACEMENT OF THE STICKERS:

17 2 1 24 7 8 12 20 21 4

10 11 5 3 16 14

21 18 25 15 9 23 24 13

22 4 3 2 6 10

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1 - SAFETY

NAMES OF THE STICKERS

Sticker Ref. Referencen Qty Sticker Ref. Referencen Qty

7
1 4269165V01 1 4269320V02 1
*

2 4269189V01 2 8 4269916V01 1

9
3 4269191V01 2 4270224V01 1
*

4 4269187V01 2 10 4269246V01 2

5 4269190V01 1 11 4205541V01 1

6 4269188V01 1 12 4205540V01 1

* Stickers placed inside the cabin

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1 - SAFETY

PLACEMENT OF THE STICKERS:

17 2 1 24 7 8 12 20 21 4

10 11 5 3 16 14

21 18 25 15 9 23 24 13

22 4 3 2 6 10

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1 - SAFETY

Sticker Ref. Referencen Qty Sticker Ref. Referencen Qty

20
13 4205543V01 1 4277599V01 1
**

21 4274884V01 2

14 4269528V01 1 22 4269253V01 1

23 4269254V02 1

1 Quantum
15 4270119V01 24 4274702V02 2
300
*

25
16 4277601V01 1 4273933V02 1
*

16 4277602V01 1 17 4277603V01 1

18 4270464V01 1 17 4277604V01 1

* Stickers placed inside the cabin


** Stickers placed in the engine compartment

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1 - SAFETY

NOTES:

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2 -OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.1 - ACCESS TO THE OPERATOR STATION

MAIN ACCESS:

Never mount or dismount a machine that is


in motion.

The operator station is accessed from the rear of the
machine on the left hand side:

-Always mount and dismount the machine with your face


turned towards it by using the steps and handles provided
for this purpose.

400009 - Adhere to the simultaneous three-point rule.


(2 hands/1 foot or 2 feet/1hand)

-Read the maintenance manual carefully before operating


1 the COMPACTOR controls.

-Wear clothes which will not hinder movements and


which allow safe manipulation of all the controls.

-Wear a protective helmet.

- Never drive a COMPACTOR while under the influence


of alcohol or drugs.

EMERGENCY EXIT:
350052
The cabin has an emergency exit which is the lateral
window on the right hand side. It is also equipped with an
emergency window breaker Ref. 1, fixed inside on the
rear right jam.

2.2 - THE SEAT AND SAFETY BELT

An air suspension seat ensures your maximum comfort.

A belt - Ref. 2 - ensures your safety in case of accidental


tilting or overturning of the compactor. Attach it
correctly, it will efficiently protect you.

5000011

4279271V91
Page 26
2 -OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

The air suspended seat with an integrated independent


compressor ensures optimum driving comfort.

Different adjustments are possible:

-Longitudinal adjustment of the seat + consoles:


Use the lever - Ref. 3

- Longitudinal adjustment of the seat alone:


Use the lever - Ref. 4
1004

- Height adjustment:
7 4 3 5 6 Press the button - Ref. 5: this action activates the
compressor.

-Adjustment of the angle of the backrest:


Use the lever - Ref. 6 - and adjust until the desired
position is obtained.
1004

-Adjustment of the angle of the seat base:


9 8 Use the lever - Ref. 7 - and adjust until the desired
position is obtained.

-Lumbar adjustment:
Turn the adjusting knob - Ref. 8

6500463
-The consoles can be raised:
Lift the handles - Ref. 9.

-Adjustment of the angle of the dashboard with the lever -


Ref. 10.

350048

10 4279271V91
Page 27
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.3 - THE STEERING JOYSTICK


The joystick - Ref. 11 - allows control of the steering.

To make a right turn:


-Gently tilt the joystick to the right according to the angle
of the lock desired.

To make a left turn:


-Gently tilt the joystick to the left according to the angle
of the lock desired.
5000011
IMPORTANT NOTE: For safety reasons, the joystick is
only active when the operator is seated in the operator's
seat. The joystick is inactivated once the person is no
11 longer seated in the operators seat

4279271V91
Page 28
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.4 - THE DASHBOARD

2.4.1 - CANCOCKPIT display unit

4
3

CAN001

1- Main panel: Tachometer + digital display


2 - Indicator: Engine oil pressure
3 - Indicator: Engine water temperature
4 - Indicator: Fuel level
5 - Indicator: Converter oil temperature
6 - Indicator light bars (See section 2.4.3 - Warning lights)
7 - Scroll button/zero reset
8 - Second scroll button/zero reset
650108

The information of the indicators - Ref. 2, 3, and 5 is also visible on the digital display unit of the main panel.

4279271V91
Page 29
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING
2.4.2 The main panel

NORMAL FUNCTIONING
16 14
When the ignition is started, all the audible and visual
alarms go off for 2 seconds to guarantee proper
functioning of the alarm devices.
If the alarms do not function, immediately contact
VANDEL or its authorised representative.

15 1 - Reverse cycle reading mode (Digital display unit)


CAN003

9 13
The button - Ref. 7, or the offset button - Ref. 8 - enables
selection of the desired reading mode. With each impulse
on one of these buttons, the different reading modes
appear on the display unit:

- Engine hour meter (Total/Daily)

- Engine failure
11
- Tachometer 1/min

10 - Engine oil pressure

CAN002 - Converter oil temperature

7 12 - Engine water temperature

- Gearbox oil pressure.


8
- Battery charge (Voltmeter)

Daily engine hour meter:

The daily engine hour meter - Ref. 12 - indicates the


number of hours that the compactor has functioned since
its last zero reset.
This is the mode that is displayed by default when the
650108 compactor is started. Regardless of the mode that is
displayed, this mode can be returned to by pressing the
Ref. 7 or Ref. 8 button for two seconds.
7- Scroll/Reset button
8- Second Scroll/Reset button
Resetting the daily meter to zero:
9- Analogue tachometer
- Bring up the daily meter on the display.
10- Active mode symbol
- Resetting to zero is done by pressing on the Ref. 7 or
11- Main digital display
Ref. 8 button for 2 seconds
12- Secondary digital display

4279271V91
Page 30
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

THE WARNING FUNCTION

A warning signal may be activated if:


- the fuel level is nearing the too low threshold (Prevents the engine from stopping): The warning light -
Ref. 13 - of the indicator - Ref. 4 - illuminates;
- the converter oil temperature is nearing the too high threshold: The warning light - Ref. 14 - of the
indicator - Ref. 5 - illuminates and the symbol with the corresponding temperature is displayed on
the main panel;
- the engine water temperature is nearing the too high threshold: The warning light - Ref. 15 - of the
indicator - Ref. 3 - illuminates and the symbol with the corresponding temperature is displayed on
the main panel;
- the engine oil pressure is nearing the too low threshold: The warning light - Ref. 16 - of the indicator - Ref.
2 - illuminates and the symbol with the corresponding pressure is displayed on the main panel;
- the gearbox oil pressure is nearing the too low threshold: The symbol with the corresponding pressure
is displayed on the main panel;

The display unit automatically goes into the mode in which the warning signal was activated except for the
fuel level. If several warning lights illuminate simultaneously, they can be visualised one after the other by
pressing the Ref. 7 or Ref. 8 button.

If the cause of the warning is not treated immediately, it can be temporarily stopped by pressing the Ref. 7 or
Ref. 8 button for 2 seconds. After a few seconds the warning signal will be activated again and this cycle will
be repeated.

If the cause of the warning is not treated and the operator continues to work normally, the warning will
become an alarm.

THE ALARM FUNCTION

An alarm is activated if:


- the converter oil temperature is too high
- the engine water temperature is too high
- the engine oil pressure is too low
- the gearbox oil pressure is too low

An alarm is shown on the display unit by:


- the blinking of the symbol corresponding to the sensor which detects the anomaly. The display unit
automatically goes into the mode in which the alarm was activated.

- the blinking of the warning signal on the digital display of the main panel.
- the buzzer ringing in the cabin

In addition, initiation of the alarm causes the engine to operate in low speed.

If an alarm is activated, it is essential to immediately stop the compactor and


contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised representative.
If several alarms are simultaneously activated, they can be visualised one after the other by pressing the Ref. 7
or Ref. 8 button.

If an alarm is activated, consult the instructions manual to verify which alarm corresponds to the symbol that
is displayed.

4279271V91
Page 31
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

ENGINE FAILURE

The engine with which your compactor is equipped runs self tests.
In addition, the engines failure codes might appear on the digital display unit.

- 1st level engine failure code:

Should a 1st level engine failure occur, the buzzer rings, the warning light blinks, and the engine
functions in low speed.

To visualise these failure codes:


- Press the scroll button - Ref. 7 or Ref. 8 - for 2 seconds, and the following display appears:

CAN012

- Press the scroll button - Ref. 7 or Ref. 8 - several times until the following window appears:
17

CAN0041

The number displayed - Ref. 17 - is the total engine failures registered. Press the Ref. 7 or Ref. 8 button for 2
seconds for the priority failure code to appear. Every time this button is pressed, another code appears in the
following form:
22 19 20
- Ref. 18: failure symbol.
- Ref. 19: SPN code
- Ref. 20: Position of the visualised code
- Ref. 21: FMI code
- Ref. 22: Number of times that the failure occurs
18 CAN0051

- Failure code of another level: 21

If an engine failure of another level appears, it is displayed as follows:

CAN012

To visualise these codes, follow the procedure described above.

As soon as an engine failure code appears, it is essential to immediately stop the


compactor and contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised
representative.

4279271V91
Page 32
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.4.3 - Warning lights


Indicatorlightbars
Referencepoints1to2

CAN001

12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

1- Engine FAILURE warning light 7- unused


2- Engine TEST light: Definition of anomalies 8- Warning light for air filter clogging
3- Warning light for air-conditioning failure 9- Ether injection warning light (if equipped with the
recharge)
4- GPS warning light (option) 10- Hand brake warning light
5- Hare warning light: 2nd gear engaged 11- Battery warning light
6- Tortoise warning light: 1st gear engaged 12 unused

THE ENGINE FAILURE WARNING LIGHT - REF. 1:

When the Engine FAILURE warning light - Ref. 1 - is lit,


immediately turn off the compactor engine.
Then contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised representative

4279271V91
Page 33
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.4.4 - Meters and switches


1 2

10

11 9

8
7

12
6

13
5

4
3

CAN006

1- Engine hour meter for the route covered in 2nd gear driving forwards
2- Engine hour meter for the route covered in 2nd gear while reversing
3- Ether injection switch (for starting up in cold weather) (if equipped with the recharge)
4- Dashboard lighting switch
5- GPS switch (option)
6- TEST M (Engine test) switch: Engine anomaly diagnosis (see the previous section)
7- Fuel heating activation switch
8- Windscreen wiper/rear windscreen washer switch: 1st notch: Activates the rear windscreen wiper
2nd notch: Activates the rear windscreen washer
9- Front windscreen washer switch
10- Front windscreen wiper switch: 1st notch: Intermittent functioning
2nd notch: Continuous functioning
11- Front working lights switch
12- Rear working lights switch
13- Gear changing switch (see section 3.2.3)

4279271V91
Page 34
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.5 - CONTROLS

1- The control lever for dashboard height and angle


adjustment.

2.5.1 - The main controls

THE DASHBOARD:

The dashboard is adjustable.


350048
To adjust the dashboard forwards or backwards, simply
lift the lever - Ref. 1. Then turn it to a suitable position
1 and lower the lever to block it.

THE HAND BRAKE:


2
2 - Handbrake lever

10392

4279271V91
Page 35
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

11 3 8 THE PEDALS AND THE JOYSTICK:


3- Speed selector on/off switch

4 - Accelerator pedal

5 - Brake pedal

6 - Blade control joystick

6500502

5 4 9 10 6

2.5.2 - Components and safety fittings

7 - Horn

8 - Key switch
1020

9 - A presence detector is placed inside the seat


7
10 - Fuse box

11 - Forward/reverse travel selector

5000013

4279271V91
Page 36
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

12 - The battery disconnect switch located on the outside


under the operator station walkway on the left.

250050

12 2.5.3 - Operator comfort



16
HEATING:

The heating unit diffuses hot air through the Ref. 13 air
terminals and for demisting through the Ref. 14 air
terminals located on the front section of each side of the
dashboard.

For hot water to circulate, ensure that the taps located on


500004
the engine block for the Ref. 18 water inlet, and Ref. 19
outlet, are open.
During hot weather, when the heating is used, these 2
taps must BE IMPERATIVELY CLOSED.
17 15
Turn the button - Ref. 15 - to obtain the desired fan
power.
Turn the button - Ref. 16 - to obtain the desired
temperature.

14

13 - Air terminals

14- Air and demisting terminals

15- Fan airflow control

16 - Thermostat control
CAN008
17- Ashtray

13 13

4279271V91
Page 37
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

AIR CONDITIONING:

The evaporator is located in the false ceiling of the cabin.


It is equipped with six rotary adjustable air diffusers -
Ref. 23.

Before starting the air-conditioning, ensure that the


heating system taps located on the engine block are
closed (Ref. 18 and 19), that the heating controls in the
cabin are on the off position and that the air terminals -
Ref. 13 and Ref. 14 - are open.
250015
Ensure that the doors and windows are closed when the
air-conditioning is turned on.
18 19

20 22 21 To obtain fast cooling:

- press the button - Ref. 22 - to start the air-conditioning


(the button illuminates);
- turn the thermostat button - Ref. 20 - to the maximum
position;
- turn the fan button - Ref. 21 - to the maximum position;
- open the terminals - Ref. 23.

350036
When a suitable temperature is attained:

- turn back the thermostat button to a moderate position;


- turn back the fan button to position 1 or 2;
- adjust the terminals - Ref. 23 - in order to maintain a
mild pressurisation in the cabin and the temperature at the
desired level.

20 - Thermostat control

21- Fan airflow control

22 - Air-conditioning on/off switch


10142
23 - Air-conditioning terminals

23 IMPORTANT: Regardless of the weather, turn on the air-


conditioning at least once per week for 10 to 15 minutes;
this enables lubrication of the seals and prevents the loss
of coolant gas.

4279271V91
Page 38
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

THE CABIN AIR FILTER:

Air taken from outside, at the height of the safety


structure, which allows pressurisation of the cabin, is
used for heating and air-conditioning. The air is filtered
by two filters; one in paper and the other in active
charcoal. They are located in the reservoir - Ref. 24 -, at
the right of the cabin.
In addition, the evaporator is equipped with a dust filter
which treats recycled air in the cabin.

See section 5.6 also.

250051

26 24
2.5.4 - Fittings

25 - Ceiling switch

26 - Radio

350036

27 30 25 31
27 - Box

28 - Electrical outlet - 24 volts

29 - Electrical outlet - 12 volts


10022
30 - Cup holder

32 29 34 31- Bottle holder

32 - Telephone/CB stand

33 - Engine diagnostic socket

34 - Display Programming socket

400011

28 33
4279271V91
Page 39
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.5.5 - The tool box

Access by the door - Ref. 35 - under the right platform of


the compactor

Two hoses are provided in the tool box:

- one on a reel is equipped with a nozzle - Ref. 38. It is


connected to a compressed air tank - Ref. 36 - for spot
cleaning of the inlet grills, radiators, and air filters.

- the other, which is detachable, is equipped with push-


pull adaptors - Ref. 39 - for connection to the manual
engine oil drainage pump.

250052

35 36

36 - Compressed air tanks

37 - Compressed air tank opening/closing valve

38 - Air hose equipped with a nozzle

39 - Engine oil drainage hose

250053

38 37 39

4279271V91
Page 40
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

42 2.6 - OPTIONS

The following options are offered by VANDEL on all the


Quantum Series:

2.6.1 - Automatic centralised lubrication (option)

The compactor may be equipped with this system which


automatically lubricates the 12 centralised lubrication
points.
The grease reservoir - Rep. 42 - is located in the battery
compartment under the right walkway.

43 - Grease reservoir filling adaptor.

44 - Test button: it enables verification of the proper


functioning of the lubrication system or to carry out
additional spot lubricating, for example, after washing the
compactor.
250068

44 43
NB: The instructions for use of the automatic lubrication
device are available in the box at the right of the cabin.

45

2.6.2 - Flashing reverse lights (option)

In addition to the audible back-up warning alarm, two


flashing reverse lights can be installed - Ref. 45
Like the audible warning alarm, they go off once the
reverse gear is engaged.

250025
4279271V91
Page 41
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

46 2.6.3 - The COMPACT SYSTEM (option)

The COMPACT SYSTEM, based on differential GPS


technology, is a system of compaction optimisation.
Assisted by modelling software, it permits daily
monitoring of the density of compacted waste.
Through a touch screen - Ref. 46 - it assists the operator
with driving, and he can verify the regularity and quality
of his passes.

It prevents over-compacting and generates savings on


fuel and labour, and better management of the use of the
machine.

Topographical readings enable multiple applications:


operation histories, waste traceability, and simulation of
500007
the duration and final layout of the site.

2.6.4 - The VANDEL CONTROL (option)

VANDEL CONTROL uses the following remote


information control techniques, transmitted by the GSM
network: it is a system that controls and manages
compactors while they are functioning.
The functioning parameters of the main components of
the compactor and its use are available in real time. A
complete and detailed history is also available.
In case of a breakdown or failure, VANDEL
CONTROL issues an alert concerning the component
concerned.
The use of identification keys enables management of
drivers driving time.

The transfer of information can be done either remotely


from a terminal or on the compactor with the use of keys.

4279271V91
Page 42
2 - OPERATING AND FUNCTIONING

2.6.5 - Rear vision device (option)

Safe driving demands maximum visibility during the


different manoeuvres carried out, especially while
reversing.
To increase the rear field of vision and delete dead
angles, your compactor is equipped with a rear vision
camera - Ref. 47 - located on the bottom of a radiator
guard, and a monitor - Ref. 48 - located on the right in a
high section of the cabin.
250054

Use of the Monitor


47
The monitor automatically provides an image when
reversing is initiated.
However, it can be manually started by pressing key 1
(M). Use of the appliance in manual mode is
recommended only for verifying the rear view for a short
while.
To turn off the screen, press key 1 (M) for 2 seconds

- Adjusting the screen:


With the screen turned on, press key 1 (M) to adjust the
parameters desired
The adjustable parameters are displayed in the following
order: - Brightness
- Colour
- Contrast
- Volume
- Return
EC2 Move the cursor by pressing key 2 (-) or 3 (+). Press on
key 1 (M) to activate the desired parameter and press on
key 2 (-) or 3 (+) to decrease or increase the value
48
displayed.
Windows 4 and 5 (R) enable the detection of ambient
lighting. Key 6 (V1/V2) enables the selection of another
video source.

Maintenance

Clean the camera lens regularly with a cloth or sponge


soaked with a mild detergent, then rinse, and allow it to
dry.
Clean the monitor from time to time with a moist cloth.
WARNING!
Never use solvents or sharp or hard objects for
cleaning. The monitor is not waterproof and can
be damaged.

4279271V91
Page 43
3 OPERATING

NOTES:

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

4279271V91
Page 44
3 OPERATING

NOTES:

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

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4279271V91
Page 45
3 OPERATING

3.1 - VERIFICATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT


1

3.1.1 - First commissioning Routine verification:

- the oils: viscosity compatible with room temperature,


see section 4.4;
- the engine: characteristics/level, see section 5.1;
- the gearbox: characteristics/level, see section 5.3;
- the axles:characteristics/level, see section 5.4;
- the hydraulic system: characteristics/level, see section
5.5.

3.1.2 - Systematic daily verifications:

THE COOLING SYSTEM:


350094
Verify whether the level of the cooling fluid is constant
through the outlet - Ref. 1 - on the top of the hood.

WARNING!

There is a risk of burns when opening the


radiator expansion tank cap due to the
over pressure maintained in the cooling
circuit.

THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL:

Check the engine oil level every day with the use of the
gauge - Ref. 2.

350070

4279271V91
Page 46
3 OPERATING

3 FUEL TANK - THE SEPARATOR:

The oil inlet is located on the top right underside of the


front frame.

Never remove the tank cap while the


engine is running or when close to a
flame.

Fill the tank after each day of work to reduce internal


condensation as much as possible.
350105
Use clean fuel of good quality.
5 The use of fuel with a sulphur content comprised between
0.5 and a maximum of 1% is recommended.

3- Fuel filler cap


Filling the fuel tank is secured by the presence of a
700 filter.
After each filling, check the condition of the filter and
remove any impurities that might be present.

To access the filler cap, - Ref. 3 - use the two steps - Ref.
4 - and the two handles - Ref. 5.

250017

6 4
DRAINING THE SEPARATOR:

Access the lower left side of the front frame by rotating


the guard plate - Ref. 6.
Undo the screw and let the water and impurities run off
until clean fuel starts flowing out.

4279271V91
350035
Page 47
3 OPERATING

THE HYDRAULIC TANK: VERIFICATION OF THE LEVEL

With the compactor on a very flat, horizontal surface, the


hydraulic system at an adequate temperature, and the
blade raised (cylinder pulled in), the oil must be at the
half level on the visual indicator - Ref. 7 - located on the
left at the top of the tank.

THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM:


Ensure that there are no leaks under the compactor.
Locate leaks, if any, and proceed with repairs.
Inspect the hydraulic hoses in order to detect any
250002
anomalies such as damages, bulges, pinches, and missing
clamps. If anomalies are detected, notify the service
concerned and resolve the problem.
7
THE WHEELS:

Verify the condition of the compacting rollers, the striker


bars, and their tips if there are any.
Do not allow waste to accumulate and remove any that
might be caught between the wheels and the frame as
well as the top of the arm.

THE FRONT BLADE:

Regularly remove all waste gathered on the blade arms.

STICKERS:

Clean the stickers if necessary, and replace those that are


no longer visible. New adhesives can be obtained from
the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised
representative.
350030 Name and locations of the stickers: see section 1.9.

8 9 THE GEARBOX: THE TRANSMISSIONS:

Check the oil level.


Ensure that there are no leaks.
Ensure that there is no waste or other foreign bodies
wrapped around the transmissions.
The access to the oil gauge - Ref. 9 - is gained by rotating
the plate - Ref. 8 - located to the left at the level of the
articulation.

350071 4279271V91
Page 48
3 OPERATING

3.1.3 - Systematic verifications before each start-up:


- Hoods, armour plates, and inspection hatches in good


condition and closed.
- Ensure that there are no leaks under the compactor.
- Ensure that there are no damages or bulges on the
hydraulic hoses.
350054 If any anomalies are noted, do not start up the compactor
but rather proceed with repairs.
10 13
- Ensure that there is no debris, especially around the
engine and radiators. Ensure that these areas are clean.
- Check the level of the windscreen washer reservoir -
Ref. 10 - located behind the cabin to the right, and fill if
needed.
- Lock the cabin door in the closed position.
- Clean the windows and rear-view mirrors.
- Fasten your seat belt.
- Verify that the parking brake is pulled tight.

3.1.4 - Systematic verifications at each start-up:


650108

- Ensure that the articulation lock is released.


- Ensure that the forward/reverse travel selector - Ref. 13
- is in neutral.
- Verify whether the warning lights and the display unit
are functioning properly.
- Verify whether the brakes are functioning properly in
both translation directions.
- Verify proper functioning of the blade equipment and
the steering.
- Follow the indications of the warning lights and the
display unit.
- Do not park close to the compactor articulation when it
is unblocked and the engine is running.
CAN003

3.2 - CONDITIONS OF USE

3.2.1 - The seat and the dashboard

It is essential to adjust the seat according to the operators


physical characteristics (height and weight) before
beginning to use the compactor. Adjust the dashboard
next.
Instructions for use: see section 2.2.

To increase driving comfort, a foot rest - Ref. 11 - was


installed on the left side of the cabin floor.
5000011

4279271V91
11
Page 49
3 OPERATING

3.2.2. - Starting the engine


Before starting the heat engine, ensure that the battery


warning light - Ref. 14 - is illuminated. If this is not the
case, reconnect the electrical circuit by using the battery
disconnect switch - Ref. 12 - located under the left
platform. Once engaged, the battery warning light - Ref.
14 - on the dashboard illuminates.

250050
FUNCTIONS OF THE KEY IGNITION SWITCH:

12 - Position P: Parking
DIRECTION OF - Position 0: Ignition turned off
- Position I: Ignition
- Position II: Not used
PositionP - Position III: Starting
Position0
PositionI Before starting the engine, be sure that you know the
location and function of each control (). An incorrect
PositionII
manoeuvre can cause a serious accident.
PositionIII
Ensure that the forward/reverse travel selector - Ref. 13 -
is in neutral.
IMPORTANT:
Before starting the engine, if the operator is in a room or
a garage, ensure that ventilation is adequate.
Never operate the compactor in a closed room or garage.

NORMAL STARTING WITH THE ENGINE COLD OR HOT

- Turn the key to position I


.The ignition is started.
.The CANCOCKPIT display lights up
.The Engine Test light - Ref. 15 , the Engine
650108 Defect light - Ref. 16 , and the indicator lights,
illuminate and go off after 3 seconds.
.The battery light - Ref. 14 , goes off.
14 15 13 16
- Turn the key to position III
.Release the key once the engine has started.

- If the engine does not start in less than 10 seconds, turn


the key to position 0.
Wait 2 minutes before trying again by following the same
procedure.

CAN003 4279271V91
Page 50
3 OPERATING

-The engine must reach adequate oil pressure within 15


seconds after starting. Verify the status of the engine oil
pressure on the display unit, in the Engine oil pressure
mode (sections 2.4.1 and 2.4.2). If the pressure does not
reach 70 kPa (the 0.7 bar on the display unit) within 15
seconds, immediately stop the engine to avoid damaging
it. Ensure that the oil level is correct in the crankcase
(section 5.1.1).

- Let the engine run idle for 3 to 5 minutes. This allows


the engine to warm up before using it on load.
SC2

-Slowly increase the engine speed in order to lubricate the


bearings correctly and to allow the oil pressure to
stabilise.

NB:

- The engine should not be left running idle for prolonged


periods; over 10 minutes might cause damage.
In fact, incomplete combustion of the fuel could occur
which would cause the valves to become clogged.

SC3

- Similarly, prolonged periods of running idle cause a


decrease in the temperature of the engine cooling fluid. If
it decreases below 60C, the crude fuel washes the

lubricating oil on the walls of the cylinder and dilutes the
oil in the engine block.
This dilution of the fuel harms the properties of the
lubricating oil which could decrease the service life of the
engine.

SC4

4279271V91
Page 51
3 OPERATING

STARTING DURING COLD WEATHER


Temperatures comprised between 0C and -20C

When the ambient temperature falls below 0C, certain


precautions should be taken in order to continue using the
compactor under adequate conditions.
It is essential to use the appropriate engine oil. Grade
SAE 15W-40 engine oil, as well as all the other oils
recommended in section 4.4 of this manual, are suitable
for use at up to -20C.
Use adapted windscreen washer solution.

Use of the fuel heater


3500552
Use of the fuel heater depends on the cloud point
temperature of the fuel; the temperature at which it starts
17 18 19 to congeal. When the ambient temperature does not
surpass this cloud point by more than 6 degrees, the fuel
heater - Ref. 17 - must be used.
To activate the fuel heater, turn on the switch - Ref. 18.

WARNING!
The heater should be started 5 to 10
minutes before starting the engine and be
turned off once its normal operating
temperature is reached. During this
650165
period, do not surpass 1,000 rpm.
20
Use of the starting assistant by ether injection (option)
Assistance with starting by ether injection - Ref. 20 - is
required for temperatures lower than -12C. After turning
on the ignition, when the engine starts, press on the Ether
switch - Ref. 19 - to inject a measured volume of starting
fluid.
When the starting fluid is injected the warning light - Ref
21- illuminates.
To obtain adaptable refills of ether, contact the VANDEL
Customer Service or its authorised representative.
3500752

21
WARNING!
Starting fluid is extremely flammable and
explosive. Do not hold flames, sparks, or
priming switches near to the fluid.

CAN009 4279271V91
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3 OPERATING

FUNCTIONING IN VERY COLD WEATHER


Temperatures below -20C

Before working in temperatures below -20C, contact


VANDEL or its authorised representative.
The necessary precautions will be specified in terms of
the procedures to be followed as well as for the choice of
lubricants and fuel.

IMPORTANT:
-Do not rev the engine immediately after starting as this
could affect the oiling of the turbocharger.
This is especially important during cold weather.

- Once the engine is running, the key must be turned to


position 1: ignition. Ensure that all the indicators are
functioning properly.

- When operating in cold weather especially, ensure that


the temperature of the cooling fluid remains above 70C.
22 1stgear

3.2.3 - Changing gears

The gears must always be engaged when the engine is in


idle speed, then accelerate to make the vehicle move.
CAN011

CHANGING GEARS:

Changing gears from 1st2nd or 2nd 1st must be done


2ndgear by releasing the accelerator pedal and pressing the switch
22
- Ref. 22.

- Changing from 1st 2nd: Press on the


tortoise/hare symbol side of the switch - Ref. 22. The
hare light for 2nd speed engaged, illuminates on the
dashboard.
- Changing from 2nd 3rd: Press on the
side of the switch that is opposite to the tortoise/hare
CAN010 symbol - Ref. 22. The tortoise light for 1st speed
engaged, illuminates on the dashboard.

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3 OPERATING

CHANGING DIRECTION:

When changing directions, the vehicle must first be


stopped in neutral and the engine speed completely
23 reduced.

Using the forward/reverse selector - Ref. 23 - located on


the top of the blade joystick.
N
Forward/reverse selector - Ref. 23:
F R

This selector is used for changing the direction of the


compactor with the right hand while manipulating the
blade. In parallel, the operator can use the steering
joystick with the left hand.

This selector has 3 positions:


650108
- Forward (F) to the front
- Neutral (N) in the middle
- Reverse (R) to the back

3.2.4 - Use of the blade


The compactor may be delivered with two types of


24 blades.
These blades are exclusively reserved for blading low
density waste. They should never be used for other
materials, especially rubble, earth, etc.

THE STRAIGHT BLADE (standard):


Recommended for removing wastes on platforms and for


pushing them over short distances

THE SEMI-U BLADE (option):


In addition to the work carried out by the straight blade,
the semi-U allows pushing over long distances without
loss of waste on the sides.
The control for raising and lowering the blade is
650050 hydraulically assisted. It is operated with a joystick - Ref.
24 - located at the end of the right armrest and is moved
forward to lower and backward to raise the blade.

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3 OPERATING

3.2.5 - Mobilizing the compactor

22 - Ensure that no-one is standing close to the machine;


- Raise the blade (see section 3.2.4);
- Release the parking brake;
- Select the desired gear with the speed selector - Ref. 22;
- Select the direction with the selector - Ref. 23 (see
section 3.2.3),
- Gently press on the accelerator pedal.

CAN010

The compactor moves in the direction selected.

IMPORTANT: To avoid the risk of fire, the hand brake is


equipped with an electrical safety device which prevents
any displacement of the compactor while this hand brake
is activated.

IT IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN TO SPREAD OR PUSH WASTE


ND
1
IN 2 GEAR

WARNING!
The machine should only be operated
with the driver seated.
Fasten your safety belt.
Do not allow passengers on board.
Do not lift anyone with the blade.

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3 OPERATING

3.2.6 - Stopping the compactor


23
- Decrease the engine speed
- When the compactor is stationary:
. Put the forward/reverse selector - Ref. 23 of the blade
N joystick in the neutral (N) position;
. Pull up the hand brake,
F R . Lay the blade on the ground.

3.2.7 - Stopping the engine

- Let the engine run idle for a few minutes before turning
it off.
- Turn off the ignition and turn back the key to position 0.
- Remove the key from the ignition after turning it to
650108 position P.
- Activate the battery disconnect switch - Ref. 25 -
located on the exterior, under the walk-way on the left
side.

WARNING!
Mounting or dismounting the machine by
jumping can cause bodily harm. Always
face the machine, use the handles and steps,
and mount/dismount the machine slowly.

Do not jump from the machine!

250050
- At the end of the work day:
. Ensure that the compactor is parked on flat ground.
. Close all the exits on the machine.
25 . Refuel.

3.3 - SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS

3.3.1 - The breaking-in period

During the breaking-in period which corresponds


approximately to the first 50 hours, take certain
precautions when operating the compactor.

DO NOT OVERLOAD THE COMPACTOR

Maintenance:
In the first 50 to 100 hours of functioning there are
specific maintenance operations in addition to routine
maintenance.
See section 4.2.2.
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3 OPERATING

3.3.2 - Working conditions

During the first cycles of work, the operator station door


must be closed and the operator must be seated in the
drivers seat with the safety belt fastened.

Select the appropriate gear for the work to be carried out


so that the engine speed is as close as possible to the rated
speed.

It is strictly forbidden to carry out


pushing work in 2nd gear.

Ensure that the compactor is used under the conditions


that correspond to its equipment.
At all times verify that the equipment corresponds
perfectly to the requirement of your operation.

The straight blades are offered as standard equipment.

Semi-U blades, offered as an option, are more adapted to


pushing and spreading waste over long distances without
loss on the sides.

Waste compactors are not intended for pushing heavy


materials (earth, rubble, etc.) or for carrying out
earthmoving works.

In fact the use for blading earth demands adapted


material.

It is very dangerous to work on waste that is poorly or not


compacted, on steep slopes.

Before carrying out work on a slope ensure that your


machine has the capacity to do this work safely and that
the terrain does not present a risk of landslide.

For safety reasons, under the best working conditions, the


maximum slope that should not be surpassed is about 15
to 20%.

WARNING!
However, it is strictly advised to never
work perpendicularly to the slope.

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3 OPERATING

26 3.4 - HANDLING THE COMPACTOR

3.4.1 - Lifting
WARNING!
If it is not correctly done, lifting the
compactor can lead to serious or fatal
accidents.

The compactor must be lifted by using the four lifting


points - Ref. 26 and 27.
Use cables and slings with the appropriate capacity for
lifting the compactor.
Position the crane so that the compactor can be lifted
horizontally.
5000023

WARNING!
When lifting the compactor, the central
articulation must be blocked.

3.4.2 - Towing

WARNING!
If it is not done correctly, towing the
compactor can lead to serious or fatal
accidents.

250055
Towing the compactor can be done by using one of the
two eyelets - Ref. 27 - located on the back.
27 The tractive force must remain parallel to the longitudinal
axe of the compactor.
If the two eyelets - Ref. 27 - are used, it is essential to
have a guide frame device.
Towing must be done over the shortest distance possible
at low speed. It is under no circumstances a means of
transporting the compactor.
Couple a draw bar or a cable to the towing device.
WARNING!
If the compactor brakes are no longer
functioning, it is essential to use a draw
bar.

250056 The towing vehicle must always be at least as heavy as


the compactor being towed. It must also have sufficient
27
engine capacity and braking to be able to stop both
machines at once, while mounting as well as descending.

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3 OPERATING

3.4.3 - Transport

The compactor must be transported on a trailer or an adapted platform.


During transport, the central articulation of the compactor must be locked, the wheels blocked, the hand brake
activated, and the rear arm must be kept blocked by mechanical wedging.
The compactor must be secured so that it can in no way be overturned or roll in an unforeseen manner. For
this it is recommended to secure the compactor by the front and rear lifting points as well as by the scraper
bars (or the wheels) on each side of the compactor.

3.4.4. - Long term parking

For long periods of immobilisation, in the first instance, abide by the same rules as for normal parking (see
sections 3.2.6 and 3.2.7), then proceed with the following operations:
- Wash the compactor in order to identify paint scratches. Paint retouching is required to avoid rust.
- Oil the machine completely.
- Apply an anticorrosion treatment to the exposed parts.
- Fill up with fuel and hydraulic oil to the maximum.
- Cover the exhaust pipe and the engine hood in case of storage outside.
- Ensure that the anti-freeze protection in the cooling system is adequate (in cold weather).
- For storage of over a month, dismount and store the batteries separately in an adapted place (dry and
temperate).

During the entire storage period, verify the outer aspect of the compactor, the condition of the protected
surfaces and whether there are leaks. Make necessary repairs as needed or preserve the machine as before.
The inspection interval for long storage is 6 months in temperate climate, 3 months in tropical, cold, arctic or
coastal climates.

Checks after long storage

During re-commissioning of the compactor after a long period of immobilisation, check:


- all the oil and fluid levels
- the tension of the belts
- the air filters (cabin and engine)
- the pressures during functioning with the use of the display unit in the cabin.

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3 OPERATING

NOTES:

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

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NOTES:

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

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4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4 - ENTRETIEN
Warning!
There is a risk of injury or death if
maintenance and repairs are not carried
out correctly and according to the
instructions below.

Before any intervention, read attentively both the


instructions in the section titled "Maintenance and
adjustments" as well as the instructions related to
maintenance (section 1.5).

4.1 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

250058 Besides the routine maintenance operations, the


compactor must be kept perfectly clean mainly by
1 avoiding the accumulation of waste around the
transmission and brake mechanism line, by frequently
cleaning the interior of the frames, and especially in the
low sections by opening the armour plates. In this way
you will be guaranteed perfectly safe functioning.

Before starting any maintenance, place the compactor on


a flat, horizontal surface and ensure that the instructions
below have been strictly followed:

1/ Safety articulation bar Ref. 1 in position;


2/ Front blade on the ground;
3/ Parking brake pulled up;
4/ Engine stopped and ignition key removed or a do not
start label attached to the dashboard;
250059
5/ Hydraulic system depressurized;
6/ Compactor cooled;
7/ Direction joystick Ref. 2 - in neutral position (N)

Warning!
2 If you have to work on the compactor
before it cools down, be careful with parts
N
and liquids which might be very hot.

Make sure that the maintenance periods are adhered to;


F R consult the operating-hours indicator every day.
The qualities of the compactor will only be fully
exploited if you ensure that the instructions in this section
are regularly and correctly followed.

650108

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4.2 SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS

To access diverse maintenance points the hood and


guards must be opened.
Read the following recommendations carefully for the
most important ones.

To facilitate maintenance operations and cleaning,


3500172
VANDEL has developed a hydraulic assistance system
that allows the hood to be raised and the low guards to be
3 4 5 opened and closed.

THE HOOD:

To lift the hood from the right side of the platform, move
the lever - Ref. 3 - to the right then activate the pump -
Ref. 4 - , with the lever Ref. 5 -, until the hood is
completely open. A mechanical safety system Ref. 6
automatically locks the hood's descent and holds it in a
maximum raised position.
3500192

To close the hood, tilt the control valve Ref. 3- to the


left, unlock the mechanical stop unit Ref. 6 of the
hood by rotating the lug Ref. 7 - and activate the lever
Ref.; 5 to initiate the descent of the hood. When the hood
has been lowered, continue to activate the lever to ensure
the correct positioning of the hood by maintaining the
control circuit under pressure.

7 6 If necessary, when the hood is raised the right or left


walkways can also be tilted. Open the side door, loosen
the two nuts - Ref. 8 - , and rotate the screws, then lift the
walkway with the aid of the gas cylinders - Ref. 9 - until
the safety system -Ref. 10 - is automatically engaged.

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

WARNING!
10 9 Always raise the walkways to the
maximum and ensure that the safety
system is engaged.

The entire engine compartment is now opened and


accessible.
To lower the walkway, press on it after having manually
unlocked the safety system Ref. 10.
Re-tighten the nuts Ref. 8.

400023

THE LOWER CASINGS:


8
The entire lower section of the compactor is comprised of
an armour plate which consists of articulated casings
Ref. 14 - to prevent the entrance of waste inside the
frames.
These guards must be opened to gain access to the units
and so that the frames can be cleaned.

WARNING!

3500172

Before all interventions on the underside of the


12 11 compactor ensure that the system for closing the
guards is effectively under pressure. From the right
side of the platform, turn the button Ref. 11 to close
and activate the pump Ref. 12 until strong resistance
is encountered.
Loosen then remove the screws Ref. 13 of the
guard/guards to be opened.

ENSURE THAT NO-ONE IS UNDER THE COMPACTOR.

Return to the right side of the platform and turn the pump
button - Ref. 12 - to open. The weight of the guard/guards
5000282 will cause it/them to open automatically.

13 14 13
To close the guards, turn the button - Ref. 11 - to the
close position then activate the pump Ref. 12 with the
lever until the guards are completely closed. Replace and
tighten the fixing screws Ref. 13.

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

- Do not carry out any work on the machine without the


required knowledge.

- The articulation of the frame must always be blocked


for any intervention done close to it.

- It is essential to maintain the opening and closing


system of the lower guards in perfect operating condition.

When the lower armour plates are opened, before


changing the oil of the different units, do not forget that
the fluid might be very hot and can cause burns.

- Keep the maintenance area clean. Do not empty the oil


on the ground. Have oil pans at hand.

350134 - Each day, ensure that the machine and the equipment
are clean and not covered with oil or waste.
15 - Inspect the electrical beams, the hydraulic system, the
braking, and fuel hoses, and be on the alert for signs of
wearing due to friction.

-An inspection plate Ref. 15 -, held in place by 2 screws


located on the right side of the front frame at the level of
the articulation, allows visual inspection of the interior of
the frame when opened, as well as the initiation of
complete cleaning by opening the lower guard.
16

4.2.1 Protection measures against fires

- The risk of fire can never be excluded.


Enquire about the type of fire extinguisher to be used and
learn how to use it.

- The equipment for combating fire installed on the


compactor must be kept in good working condition.

The fire extinguisher Ref. 16 is located on the outside


of the cabin to the left of the operator.
It is fixed to the left post of the roll-over bar.
250057

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4.2.2 - The breaking-in period

The breaking-in period is essential for the proper functioning and longevity of your compactor.

Special operations are carried out between 50 and 100 hours of functioning (see the table below).

This first expiry date will be indicated by this display on the main display unit.
CAN013

These operations are essential; their aim is to evacuate all impurities which might have been deposited during
the breaking-in period. They are to be carried out in addition to routine operations and periodic maintenance
(sections 4.3 and 4.6).

SPECIAL OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BETWEEN 50 AND 100 HOURS OF FUNCTIONING

OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT


UNITS BETWEEN50AND100HOURS(METER)

ENGINE DRAINAGE
ENGINE OIL FILTER REPLACEMENT
FUEL FILTER REPLACEMENT
COOLING SYSTEM VERIFICATION
SCA LEVEL OF THE COOLING FLUID VERIFICATION*
COOLING FLUID FILTER REPLACEMENT**
GEARBOX VERIFICATION
GEARBOX OIL FILTER REPLACEMENT
FRONT AND REAR AXLES VERIFICATION
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM VERIFICATION

* See the Verification procedure for the concentration of cooling fluid in SCA unit in section 5.1.3.
** Do not change the cooling fluid filter if the SCA (supplementary coolant additive) concentration level
surpasses 0.8 units per litre.

GUIDE FOR PERIODIC MAINTENANCE:

The duration and efficiency of your compactor depends on the care it is given. The frequency of maintenance
depends on the conditions in which the compactor is used.

The intervals indicated on the maintenance guide below are the average values which correspond to the
normal conditions of use of the compactor.

During intensive use of the compactor and under unusual conditions such as severe heat, cold, and frequent
starting and stopping, the intervals between periodic maintenance must be subsequently shortened.

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4.2.3 Maintenance operations

THE ROUTINE MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ARE TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE OPERATOR HIMSELF AND
ENTAIL MAINTENANCE OF THE GREATEST IMPORTANCE.

It includes oiling, makeup oils, cleaning, as well as various verifications listed under the heading "ROUTINE
MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS".

The operator should also report any anomaly that might be detected.

The PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS are to be carried out by a certified technician, in the
presence of the operator.

MAINTENANCE AND THE FREQUENCY

We would like to draw special attention to the care that must be given to these operations in terms of the
adherence to the frequencies as well as the attention that must be given to their execution.
The main display unit manages the frequencies of maintenance.

When messages such as the following appear, contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its
authorised representative. CAN013

When the oils are being changed, the standards which are indicated for each unit in the instructions manual as
well as the names of the oil mentioned by certain brands, should be carefully followed and respected.

In fact, many lubricants correspond to the recommended standard but have important differences in certain
areas (example: the flow point which is -20 to -36 degrees for oils which we recommend, and -20 degrees for
others which correspond to the standard). Moreover, the frequencies of drainage mentioned in the manual are
related to the characteristics of the recommended oils.

The choice of fluids used is therefore of particular importance and all the characteristics recommended by
VANDEL are to be scrupulously respected.

Careful attention should therefore be paid to the data sheets for the oils used, which must have all the
technical characteristics of the oils recommended by VANDEL.

PREVENTIVE VERIFICATION OF THE MAIN UNITS

It is advisable for the operator to follow a programme on the preventive maintenance of sub-units, by simply
submitting a request to VANDEL or its authorised representative. This study of preventive maintenance
(Turbo, belt idlers, engine, gearbox, axles, transmission, hydraulic system, etc.) is strongly recommended.

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4.3 ROUTINE MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS

As
TYPE OF OPERATION Daily Sec. Ref.
needed
Verification and supplements if needed:
- Dashboard instruments X 2.4/2.5 1
- The gearbox oil level X 5.3.1 2
- The engine oil level X 5.1.1 3
- The hydraulic system oil level X 5.5.1 4
- The level in the cooling system X 5.1.3 5
- Tension and condition of the belts X 5.1.3/7.2 6
- Visual check for leakages in the hydraulic, pneumatic, and
X
fuel supply systems.
- Visual check of the air inlet system X 5.1.6 14
- Visual check of the post-cooling system X 5.1.6 14
- Visual check of the cooling fan X 5.1.3 46
Removal of waste accumulated on the machine* X or X
Visual check to ensure the cleanliness of the interior of the front
and rear frames and that there are no foreign bodies in the low
section and around the moving units. It is essential to proceed
X 7
with cleaning if necessary, by opening the armour plates.
Washing the machine if necessary. Verification and re-tightening
of the screws in the wheel cleaning system, if necessary.
Oiling: all the centralised points plus the blade cylinder pin. X 8
Checking and drainage if necessary, of the fuel/water separator
X 5.1.2 10
under the fuel heater (engine off)
Cleaning:
- Air filter primary cartridge X or X 5.1.4 11
- Cabin paper air filter cartridge X or X 5.6 12
- Radiators and coolers** X or X 5.2 13
- Radiator protection grills X or X 5.2 13

NB: Certain operations fall under routine maintenance and periodic maintenance. All of these
recommendations should be respected.

* Cleaning, replacement of worn parts, and repairs if there are damaged elements.
** Cleaning radiators requires careful attention. Quick spot cleaning can be done with compressed air during
the day. However, to be efficient, this must be done with water using a high pressure cleaner. It is
recommended to clean the 4 angles of the beam until a ray of light from an electric lamp placed behind the
beam is perfectly visible on the other side.

Sticker reference: see section 1.9 OC 27/05/QS

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4.4 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LUBRICANTS AND GREASES

RECOMMENDATION
UNITS SAE GRADE FOR SPECIFICATIONS
LUBRICANTS
API CH-4
TOTAL
ENGINE 15W-40 ACEA E3
RUBIA TIR 6400 15W40
(flow point at -27C)
Summer -
ambient T > TOTAL TO-4
5C DYNATRANS AC30 (flow point at -24C)
CONVERTER 30
GEARBOX
Winter -
SYSTEM
ambient T < TOTAL TO-4
5C DYNATRANS AC 10 (flow point at -30C)
10W

MIL-L-2105 C/D
TOTAL API GL-5-LS
FRONT AND REAR
80W-90 DYNATRANS DA Compatible for limited slip
AXLES
80W-90 differential and immersed brakes
(flow point at -30C)

AFNOR NF E 48-603 HV
ISO 6743/4 HV
HYDRAULIC TOTAL
DIN 51524 P3 HVLP
SYSTEM EQUIVIS ZS 46
Viscosity at 40C: 46 cst
(flow point at -39C)
ISO-L-X BEHB 2
TOTAL DIN 51502 KP2P-20
GENERAL OILING
MULTIS COMPLEX EP 2 Lithium complex base
(operating range : -20C to +160C)
TOTAL COOLELF
AUTO SUPRA -37C
ASTM D4985
COOLING SYSTEM Protection against freezing
add from 0.5 to 0.8 units of
up to -37C
DCA4 per litre of cooling
fluid.
SULFUR CONTENT
GAZOLE ASTM D 975 Grade N2-D
LESS 0,5%
AIR CONDITIONING
SPECIAL OIL SNDC 300 676
COMPRESSOR
TYPE OF GAS
GAS SYSTEM R 134 A
COOLANT

NB: The point values are given as an indication.

4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

4.5 - CAPACITIES OF THE UNITS

DRAINAGE
UNITS CAPACITY VERIFICATION OPERATIONS
FREQUENCY
ENGINE:
. Oil (including filter) 37 liters 10 h. 250 h.
. Oil filter 250 h. Change
. Fuel filter + pre-filter 250 h. Change
GEARBOX AND
CONVERTER:
. System Oil 78 liters 10 h. 1000 h.
. Filter 500 h. Change
. Breather 2000 h. Change
FRONT AXLE:
. Differential 16 liters 250 h. 500 h.
. Final drives 19 liters 250 h. 500 h.
. Total 35 liters
. Breather 250 h. Cleaning
REAR AXLE:
. Differential 16 liters 250 h. 500 h.
. Final drives 19 liters 250 h. 500 h.
. Total 35 liters
. Breather 250 h. Cleaning
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM:
. OIL 220 liters 10 h. 1,000 h.
. Return filter 500 h. Change
. Strainer 1000 h. Cleaning*
. Breather 1000 h. Change
AIR CIRCUIT:
. Drying filter 1000 h. Change
COOLING:
. The cooling system: 49 liters 10 h. 2000 h.
. Filter 250 h. Change**
With
BRAKING SYSTEM hydraulic 250 h. 1000 h.
system

* To be changed if necessary.
** Do not change the cooling fluid filter if the SCA (supplementary coolant additive) concentration level
surpasses 0.8 units per litre (see section 5.1.3).

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4 MAINTENANCE

4.6 - POINTS AND PERIODIC MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS

18 8 1 31 32 29 26 30 36 4 22 3 6 5

38 39 23 2 19 8 44 35 39 38 43 46 40 20

13 42 21 37 14 25 45 11 33 12 27 24 18 8

7 41 10 9 16 17 28 15 34 7 15 7 17 16 7

Routineoperation Periodicoperation
4279271V91
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4 MAINTENANCE

Ref. N Sect. N Interventions

A: Maintenance every 250 hours or every 6 months


1 Verification of the dashboard instruments
1 Verification of the operating hours indicator and change if necessary
13, 14 5.2 Washing the engine & radiators/coolers
14 5.1.6 Visual check of the turbocharger air system
8, 15 Complete oiling
2 5.3.1 Visual check of the gearbox oil
4 5.5.1 Verification of the hydraulic system oil level & the condition of the hoses
Verification of the cooling system and the level of the cooling fluid.
5 5.1.3
Verification of the DCA4 (supplementary coolant additive - SCA)
16 5.4.1 Axle level check
17 5.4.1 Final drives level check
4 5.5.1 Braking system check
Verification of the condition of the parking brake and the controls
18
Adjustment and change if necessary, of the friction pads
Check of the electrical system & of the condition of the protective sleeves
19 7.1 Battery fluid level check
20, 43 Engine drainage & change of oil filter
5.1.1
3 Engine oil level check
21 Fuel filter change
5.1.2
10 Drainage of the fuel/water separator
9 5.1.5 Drainage of the air restoration cylinder
22 5.1.3 Change of the cooling fluid filter*
5.1.3 Verification of the tension and condition of the belts
6
7.2 (fan & generator/air-conditioning compressor)
46 5.1.3 Verification of the condition of the cooling fan
23 Decantation of the fuel tank
24 Cleaning of the screen entrances to the fuel tank
11 5.1.4 Change of the primary air filter
12 5.6 Cleaning of the cabin paper air filter cartridge
Cleaning of the air-conditioning evaporator in the cabin
32 5.6
Change of the evaporator dust filter
26 5.6 Cleaning of the air-conditioning condenser
25 5.1.4 Verification of the free rotation of the turbo filter
Visual check for leakages in the hydraulic, pneumatic, and fuel supply
systems
Cleaning of the engine, axles and gearbox breathers
Verifying and re-tightening, if necessary, the screws in the wheels and of
6.1
their cleaning system (according to the mounting)
Verifying and re-tightening, if necessary, the holding-down bolts of the
5.4
axles
Verification of the nut and bolt works of the frame and the transmissions
7 Cleaning of the interior frame by opening the armour plates
* Do not change the cooling fluid filter if the SCA (supplementary coolant additive) concentration
level surpasses 0.8 units per litre (see section 5.1.3). OP04/08/QS250300
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18 8 1 31 32 29 26 30 36 4 22 3 6 5

38 39 23 2 19 8 44 35 39 38 43 46 40 20

13 42 21 37 14 25 45 11 33 12 27 24 18 8

7 41 10 9 16 17 28 15 34 7 15 7 17 16 7

Routineoperation Periodicoperation
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4 MAINTENANCE

Ref. N Sect. N Interventions


B: Maintenance every 500 hours or every year
(after maintenance A)
38 5.4.2 Drainage of the front and rear axles
39 5.4.2 Drainage of the front and rear final drives
27 Articulation check
28 Verification of the arm, adjustment of the clearance if necessary
29 5.5.3 Verification of the pressure, steering & blade
30 5.5.2 Change of the hydraulic return filter
31 5.3.2 Change of the gearbox filter
11 5.1.4 Change of the secondary air filter (safety)
45 5.1.4 Cleaning of the particle screen
12 5.6 Change of the cabin air filters (carbon and paper filters)
Verification & recharging or changing of the fire extinguisher (once per
33
year)

C: Maintenance every 1,000 hours or every year


(after maintenance A & B)
34,31 5.3.2 Gearbox drainage, change of filters & cleaning of strainers
Hydraulic system drainage
35,36 5.5.2
Braking system drainage
36,44 5.5.2 Change of the hydraulic tank aeration filter & cleaning the strainer
6 5.1.3 Change of the belts (fan & generator/air-conditioning compressor)
37 5.1.5 Change of the drying filter

D: Maintenance every 1,500 hours or every year


(after maintenance A & B)
14 5.1.7 Verification of the engine nut and bolt works
14 6.3 Adjustment of the valves and the injector controls
14 Verification of the air inlet and outlet systems (Air leakages)
14 5.1.6 Verification of the turbocharger mounting
14 5.1.3 Verification of the cooling system water circuit hoses
14 5.1.3 Verification of the water pump

OP04/08/QS250300

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18 8 1 31 32 29 26 30 36 4 22 3 6 5

38 39 23 2 19 8 44 35 39 38 43 46 40 20

13 42 21 37 14 25 45 11 33 12 27 24 18 8

7 41 10 9 16 17 28 15 34 7 15 7 17 16 7

Routineoperation Periodicoperation

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Ref. N Sect. N Interventions


E: Maintenance every 2,000 hours or every year
(after maintenance A, B, & C)
5, 14, 40 5.1.3 Drainage of the cooling fluid
Change of the gearbox and axle breathers
26 5.6 Change of the drying filter

F: Maintenance every 6,000 hours or every 2 years


(after maintenance A, B, C, D, & E)
5, 14, 40 5.1.3 Cleaning of the cooling system
41 5.1.3 Verification of the vibration damper
42 5.1.3 Verification of the fan hub
14 5.1.6 Verification of the turbocharger clearance
14 5.1.5 Verification of the air compressor (carbon formation)

OP04/08/QS250300

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NOTES:

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5 - GUIDE DENTRETIEN
This section serves as an aid to maintenance, both with
routine operations and periodic operations. In case of
doubt or problems, do not hesitate to contact the
VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised
representative.

REVIEW: Routine maintenance operations are to be


carried out by the operator himself. However, periodic
maintenance operations are to be carried out by a certified
technician, in the presence of the operator.

350070

5.1 - THE ENGINE


4 2 1 3
5.1.1 - Lubricating the engine

CHECKING THE OIL LEVEL

CHECK THE OIL LEVEL EVERY DAY

-The compactor must be parked on horizontal ground


while being checked.

-Verification must be done in the morning before starting


250019 up with all the oil deposited in the case.

-The level must be between the two marks of the gauge -


Ref. 1.

- Re-check the level if necessary through the filling outlet


- Ref. 2 - or by removing the cap - Ref. 3 - located at the
top of the engine.

DRAINAGE:

-Drain the oil when the engine is hot with the use of a
drainage pump - Ref. 5 - located on the back of the
compactor, after having fitted the drainage hose - Ref. 6 -
provided for this purpose, and stored in the tool box (see
SC7
section 2.5.5).
To access the drainage pump, open the rear section as is
explained in section 5.2.


WARNING!

Be very careful during drainage because


very hot oil can harm unprotected skin.

3500662
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-To ensure drainage, remove one of the filler caps - Ref. 2


or Ref. 3 - and open the valve - Ref. 7- located under the
engine cover.
- Next, remove the filter - Ref. 4. It must be replaced each
time that drainage is done.
-The used filter must be discarded.
-Clean the surface of the filter head
-Fill the new filter with clean engine oil and imbibe the
filter joint with the same oil.
-Fit the new filter by turning it until the joint is in contact
7 with the surface of the filter head.
-Tighten the filter manually by an additional half to three
quarter turn after contact between the gasket and the filter
surface, or follow the manufacturers instruction for the
filter.


WARNING!

-Do not forget to fill the filter with oil


before mounting. This ensures that the
engine will be lubricated immediately after
starting up.
-Do not over-tighten the filter, to avoid the
poor filtering and deterioration of the filter.
250014

-Close the valve - Ref. 7 - then disconnect the drainage


hose.
-Refill the tank to the maximum mark on the gauge.
-Run the engine in semi-idle speed for about 2 minutes.
-STOP the engine and WAIT 10 MINUTES for the oil to
run in the crankcase.
-Check the level and add oil if necessary.

NOTE:

SC20 After drainage and replacement of the filter, the engine


must be left running idle for 5 minutes to ensure that it is
well lubricated before working with the machine again.

Ensure that there are no leaks in the oil filter and in the
engine casing.

SC8

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5.1.2 - The supply system
Proper functioning of diesel engines depends on clean
fuel.
Carefully clean all around the tank cap before removing
it. Avoid splashing the fuel during filling.
Refill the tank after each day of work so that water from
condensation does not gather.
Clean all around the tank cap after each refill.
Drain the separator at the bottom of the tank on the left
side of the front frame, as needed. This operation should
be carried out at least every 250 hours or every 6 months.
See section 3.1.2.

FUEL/WATER SEPARATOR DRAINAGE


-Check the separator - Ref. 8 - daily.
Unscrew the drainage cap located on the lower section of
250024
the tank to evacuate water and impurities, if any.

9 CHANGING THE FILTERS


78 8
Replace the oil filters - Ref. 9 and Ref. 10 - every 250
hours or every 6 months; see periodic maintenance
operations table, section 4.6.
Oil filter - Ref. 9:
Removal:
-Close the valve - Ref. 78 - by turning it in a horizontal
position;
-Clean the area around the filter and the head of the filter;
-Remove the filter and the seal ring.
400002

Mounting:
-Lubricate the oil filter seal with clean engine oil.
-Refill the new filter with clean fuel (filtered):
-Install the filter on the filter head after having fitted the
new gasket;
-Turn the filter until the seal is in contact with the surface
of the filter head.
-Tighten the filter manually by an additional half to three
SC21
quarter turn after contact between the gasket and the filter
surface, or follow the manufacturers instruction for the
filter;
-Open the valve - Ref. 78 - by turning it in a vertical
position.

SC23
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10 11 Oil filter - Ref. 10:

Removal:
-Clean the area around the cover of the filter casing.
-Unscrew the wing screw - Ref. 11 - to remove the cover.
-Remove the filter cartridge.

Mounting:
-Fit the new filter cartridge into the casing.
-Fill the filter with clean fuel (filtered).
- Replace the gaskets and lubricate them with clean
engine oil.
-Replace the cover and tighten the wing screw.

NOTE:
The filter - Ref. 10 - is equipped with a fuel heating
system, see section 3.2.2 - Starting up in very cold
weather.

DRAINING THE SUPPLY SYSTEM:

400003
If you have operated the machine until the tank is
completely empty, or if for whatever reason air has
penetrated into the supply system, the following
procedure must be followed:

Locate the reason for the presence of air in the system


and if necessary, make the repairs.
-Refuel.
-Fill the two oil filters - Ref. 9 and Ref. 10 - with clean
fuel (filtered).
-Start the engine which is equipped with an automatic
drainage system for the fuel supply system.


WARNING!
Do not start the engine before opening the
valve - Ref. 78 - by turning it in a vertical
position.

NOTE:
The engine might turn irregularly for a few minutes until
the air is completely evacuated from the system.


WARNING!
Do not let the engine run for too long before
the system is completely drained otherwise
the injection system could be seriously
damaged.

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5.1.3 - The cooling system

For the cooling system to function in a satisfactory


manner, all the measures cited in the next section should
be followed at the intervals indicated.


WARNING!

During all maintenance operations on the


cooling system there is a risk of burns when
the radiator expansion tank cap is opened
because of the overpressure in the cooling
system.
Wait until the temperature of the cooling
fluid is below 50C before intervening on
the system.

COOLING FLUID

On delivery, the cooling system is filled with antifreeze


fluid for protection at -37C.

This product contains an anticorrosion additive for its


lifetime. COOLELF AUTO SUPRA -37C cooling fluid
conforms to the ASTM D4985 standard.

It should not be mixed with other types of antifreeze


agents since this could weaken the anticorrosion
protection obtained.

The cooling fluid is supplemented by 0.5 to 0.8 units of


DCA4 (supplementary cooling additive - SCA) per litre.

Replace the cooling fluid every 2,000 hours or every


year.
Verification of the DCA4 concentration should be done
every 250 hours or every 6 months. See the procedure for
verification below.

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Procedure for verifying the SCA unit concentration of


the cooling fluid

After obtaining the SCA unit cooling fluid concentration


test kit from the VANDEL Customer Service or its
authorised representative:

1- Take a sample of the cooling fluid from the cooling


system (not from the expansion tank). The temperature of
the sample to be analysed must be between 10C and
55C.

2- Take a strip from the bottle without touching the


reactive parts and carefully close the bottle. Immediately
use the strip after taking it out of the package. Do not use
strips that have turned brown.

3- Dip the strip for one second, and then shake it


vigorously so that all the excess fluid falls off.

4- Wait 45 seconds, and then compare the colour of the


blocks with the colour table.
a) Determine the temperature of protection by
comparing the colour of the block at the end of
the strip with the green scale.
b) Determine the molybdate content by comparing
the colour of the central block with the yellow to
brown scale: Sodium molybdate level. Note the
colour reference: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
c) Determine the nitrite content by comparing the
colour of the last block with the mauve scale:
Sodium nitrite level. Note the colour reference:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H.

5- The three readings must be done at the latest 75


seconds after the strip has been dipped in the cooling
fluid.

6- When the colours obtained are not identical to those


in the table, intermediate values can be estimated. In case
of doubt, record the lower value.

SC22

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7- Use the "SCA units per litre" table that is on the bottle
to determine the SCA concentration: note the value in
units per litre at the intersection of the nitrite and
molybdate concentrations, determined in 4b and 4c.

8- To obtain correct results, it is imperative to respect


the time limits given above. Use a timer (or a watch with
a second hand). All readings done before 45 seconds or
after 75 seconds will give false results which could
damage the engine.

9- It is recommended to register the measurements on


the compactor maintenance logbook.

Maintenance instructions

If the SCA unit concentration is:

1- Less than 0.3 units per litre:


Add the specified quantity of DCA4 for the initial
pre-load and maintenance.

2- Between 0.3 and 0.8 units per litre


Replace the water filter.
Add the specified quantity of DCA4 for
maintenance.

3- More than 0.8 units per litre:


Do not replace the water filter.
Do not add DCA4 fluid.
Measure the SCA concentration each time the
drainage is done, until it falls below this limit.

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DAILY VISUAL CHECKS

The level of the cooling fluid:


-Check the level of the cooling fluid daily by removing
the radiator cap - Ref. 12.
-The verification should be done when the engine is cold.
-The fluid should be just below the lower level of the
radiator neck.
350094
-Add fluid if necessary. (Refer to the instructions in the
section titled Filling the cooling system on the next
12 page)

The cooling fan:


-Verify whether the fan is in good condition by checking
for cracks, loosened rivets and loosened or bent blades.
-Re-tighten the screws if necessary.
Tightening torque: 41.2 Nm

If the fan is damaged, contact the VANDEL Customer


Service or its authorised representative.

Fan belt tension:


-Verify the tension and condition of the fan belt - Ref. 13
- daily.
The tension is adjusted automatically with the automatic
tightener.
-When the engine is turned off, ensure that neither the top
nor the bottom of the tightener arm stop touches the cast-
iron boss on the body of the tightener. If any of the stops
touches the boss, the belt must be replaced
-Replace the belt if it is frayed.
400004
Small cracks along the width of the belt are acceptable.
However, if there are cracks along the length of the belt it
13 should be replaced.
In any event, replace the belt at least every 1,000 hours.

NOTE:

-The belt - Ref. 13- also drives the generator.

-If the belt is being replaced ensure that the part number
of the belt is correct.

SC24

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15
CHANGING THE COOLING FLUID FILTER

The cooling fluid filter - Ref. 14 - must be changed every


250 hours or every 6 months*.

* Do not change the cooling fluid filter if the SCA


(supplementary coolant additive) concentration level
surpasses 0.8 units per litre.

-Carefully remove the radiator cap - Ref. 12 - (risk of


overpressure).
-Turn the valve - Ref. 15 - in the OFF position on the
cooling fluid filter head.
-Remove the worn filter.
-Clean the surface of the filter head gasket.
-Apply a thin layer of clean engine oil to the surface of
400005
the filter sealing.
14
-Install the new filter and tighten it manually by an
additional half to three quarter turn after contact between
the gasket and the filter surface, or follow the
manufacturers instruction for the filter.
-Turn the valve - Ref. 15 - back to the ON position and
replace the radiator cap.
-Run the engine and ensure that there are no leaks.
After all the air has been drained from the system, verify
the cooling fluid level again.

16
DRAINING THE COOLING FLUID

The cooling system must be drained every 2,000 hours or


every year.

-Carefully remove the radiator cap - Ref. 12 - (risk of


350107
overpressure).
-Open the radiator draining cap - Ref. 16. It is located at
the bottom of the lower water box on the engine side,
(accessible when the lower casings are opened)
-Open the cap - Ref. 17 - located on the lower water pipe.
It is accessible when the lower rear armour plate is
opened.

400007

17 4279271V91
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FILLING THE COOLING SYSTEM

Filling is done by removing the radiator cap - Ref. 12 -


accessible through the hole on the upper part of the rear
hood. Pressure setting of the cap: 1 Bar.

To fill the cooling system, follow the procedure below:


350094
-Put the compactor on a flat, horizontal surface and turn
off the engine.
12 -Carefully remove the radiator cap - Ref. 12 - (risk of
overpressure).
-Open the hot water valve - Ref. 18 - and the cold water
valve Ref. 19.
-Open the drainage valve - Ref. 20.
- Pour the cooling fluid in the radiator outlet - Ref. 12 -
until the fluid flows continuously from the drain - Ref.
20.
-Close the valve - Ref. 20.
-Slowly add supplementary fluid to the maximum level
(up to the level of the degassing hose).
-Turn on the engine and let it run idle for 5 minutes.
2500152
-Turn off the engine.
18 20 -Verify the level of the cooling fluid and add the
19 supplement if necessary by slowly pouring in the fluid.

NB:
-Never pour cooling fluid in a hot engine, otherwise the
cylinder block and heads may crack.
-Neglecting to replace the antifreeze causes the system to
clog and the engine might jam.

400007

SC10 4279271V91
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CLEANING THE COOLING SYSTEM

The cooling system must be cleaned every 6,000 hours or


every 2 years with a cooling system cleaner that allows
elimination of corrosion, silica gel and other deposits.
Contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised
representative to obtain the appropriate cleaning product.

Follow the procedure below for cleaning:

-Drain the cooling system without removing the cooling


fluid filter.
-Immediately add 3.8 litres of cleaning product and fill
the system with clean water.
-Let the engine run at normal operating temperatures (at
least 85C) for one to one and a half hours.
-Turn off the engine, allow it to cool to 50C and drain
the system again.
-Fill the system with clean water
-Let the engine run for 5 minutes with the temperature of
the fluid above 85C.
-Turn off the engine, allow it to cool to 50C and drain
the system again.
-If the water that is drained is still dirty, the system must
be rinsed again until the water is clean
-Fill the cooling system with cooling fluid. See the
previous section.

VERIFICATION OF THE HOSES

Every 1,500 hours or each year run a visual check of the


cooling system hoses (ensure that they do not touch each
other) and the hose connections to ensure that there are
no leaks or wearing. Damaged hose particles can cross
the cooling system and disrupt or block the circulation of
the fluid. Replace if necessary.

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THE WATER PUMP

Every 1,500 hours or at least every year, verify the water


pump. If a regular flow or dripping of cooling fluid or oil
is noted at the drain outlet, replace the water pump with a
new pump or repair it.

SC11

THE FAN HUB

The fan hub must be verified every 6,000 hours or every


2 years.
-Remove the fan belt.
-Visually inspect the hub for cracks or leaks in the
lubricating seals.
-Verify the tightness of the fixing screws of the fan.
-Measure the axial clearance of the hub as indicated in
the diagram.
This clearance must be between 0.08 and 0.41 mm
-Replace or repair the hub if the clearance does not meet
the requirements.
SC12

THE VIBRATION DAMPER

Check the vibration damper every 6,000 hours or every 2


years for fluid leaks, debris and flutter.
Check the thickness of the vibration damper for any signs
of deformation or rising of the cover plate.
If any anomalies are noted, contact the VANDEL
Customer Service or its authorised representative.

SC13

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21 5.1.4 - Air filters

The filtration system with which the compactor is


equipped has 4 levels.

The first level is the Turbo pre-filter - Ref. 21.


This pre-filter must be regularly cleaned and inspected
(see the periodic maintenance operations table, section
4.6). Ensure that the rotor in particular, turns freely.

The second level is the particle screen - Ref. 22. It


consists of a system of vacuuming particles that enter the
filter which are then directly discharged by the ejector to
the exhaust pipe.
As a result of this the periodicity of maintenance is
reduced and the longevity of the cartridges is increased.

MAINTENANCE OF THE PARTICLE SCREEN: REF. 22

This screen must be cleaned every 500 hours (see the


periodic maintenance operations table, section 4.6).
400020

22 To clean the screen, follow the procedure below:


23
-Remove the primary filter - Ref. 27 - (see the section
titled MAINTENANCE OF THE PRIMARY FILTER).
-Ensure that the safety filter - Ref. 28 - is in place (see
section titled SAFETY FILTER).
-Remove the Turbo pre-filter - Ref. 21.
-Remove the tube - Ref. 23.
-Using the compressed air nozzle - Ref. 24 - (see section
2.5.5) clean the screen by pointing the air stream from the
400021
exterior to the interior of the air filter casing.
-Carefully clean the air filter casing and remove any
24 impurities that may have fallen from the screen during the
blowing operation.
-Re-fit the tube - Ref. 23 - then the Turbo pre-filter - Ref.
21.
-Proceed with the replacement of the air filters (see the
sections below).


WARNING!

Never remove the safety filter - Ref. 28 -


before cleaning the particle screen.

400022

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26 25 The third level is the primary element - Ref. 27 - of the


dry air filter.

MAINTENANCE OF THE PRIMARY AIR FILTER: REF. 27

It is accessible by unscrewing the wing screw - Ref. 25


and removing the cover - Ref. 26.

It is essential for it to be cleaned when the maximum


limit is reached, that is, when the warning light indicating
that the air filter is clogged, illuminates (see section
2.4.3). This might entail daily cleaning, depending on the
degree of pollution in the environment of the work zone.
It must be changed at a maximum every 250 hours or
500022 every 6 months.

The intervals between cleaning and replacement of the


filter completely depend on the work environment of the
compactor.
Under certain conditions, more frequent replacement is
required.

On the worksite, gently tap the end of the element with


the palm of the hand while turning it in order to cover the
entire circumference.

Do not strike the element against a part or hard surface.

Use the compressed air with a special nozzle. The


500023
pressure should not exceed 3 bars.

27 The compressed air must be pointed from the interior


towards the exterior of the element and from the top
towards the bottom, thereby removing a maximum
amount of dust.

Do not point the stream from the exterior towards the


interior.

After cleaning the element, ensure that it has not


deteriorated by examining it with a light held inside.

When re-fitting, ensure that the cartridge is properly


seated at the bottom of the filter casing.

When replacing the primary element, clean the interior of


the body and the filter cover as well.
500025

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THE SAFETY FILTER: REF. 28


The 4th level is the secondary element or safety filter. The


safety cartridge functions as a protective filter in case the
primary filter is damaged.

This filtration element MUST NEVER BE CLEANED


but must be systematically changed.

It must be changed every 500 hours or every year.

It is accessible after the primary filter - Ref. 27 - has been


removed.
To remove it, the wing screw - Ref. 29 - must be
unscrewed.

350024 Before removing the safety filter, carefully clean the air
filter casing.
29 28
Never remove the safety cartridge if it is not to be
changed.

Carefully verify that it is properly seated during


replacement and that the fixing screw is properly
tightened.


WARNING!

Never run the engine without the filtering


elements.

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5.15 - The compressed air circuit

The compactor is equipped with a compressed air circuit


for operating the automatic cleaning system of the suction
grills.

Air filters and radiators can also be occasionally cleaned


with the hose and nozzle provided in the tool box (see
section 2.5.5)

To facilitate certain operations during maintenance, tools


such as impact spanners can be connected to the system.
350068
The two air tanks can be found in the tool box (see
section 2.5.5).
31 30

THE AIR RESTORATION CYLINDER: REF. 30

This air cylinder is located under the dryer - Ref. 32 - and


is accessible when the lower rear casing is opened.
Every 250 hours or every 6 months, drain the water from
this tank until air flows out regularly and continuously.
This operation is carried out from the drainage outlet -
Ref. 31 - with the engine turned off.

THE DRYER: REF. 32

The dryer must be replaced every 1,000 hours or every


year.
400002

32 THE AIR COMPRESSOR:

The compressor must be completely inspected every


6,000 hours or every 2 years.
-Drain the air circuit to release the pressure.
-Remove the compressed air drain.
-Measure the total thickness of the carbon in the
discharge pipe. If the carbon deposit is more than 2 mm,
inspect the entire cylinder head and the delivery pipe.
Replace these elements if necessary.

NB: IF CHANGING THE CYLINDER HEAD DOES NOT RESOLVE THE


PROBLEM, REPLACE THE ENTIRE COMPRESSOR.

SC14

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-If the carbon deposit surpasses the recommendations,


continue checking the air delivery pipe connections up to
the air box until the deposit is less than 2 mm.
-Replace all the pipelines or couplings if there is a deposit
above this specification.
-In addition, make a general inspection of the compressed
air circuit for any parts that might be functioning
abnormally or possible air leaks.

5.1.6 - The turbocharger

The air inlet and post-cooling systems must be inspected


daily. The tightness of clamps as well as the condition of
the hoses and tubes should be checked.

Next, a maintenance check must be done every 1,500


hours or every year. This concerns the verification of the
turbocharger itself, as well as the air inlet and exhaust
system:

-With the engine running, inspect the air inlet and exhaust
pipes for cracks, degradation, or loose connections.
If necessary, replace the damaged pipes and/or the
connections.
-Check for corrosion of the inlet system pipes under the
clamps and hoses. Corrosion can allow corrosive agents
and dirt to penetrate into the admission system. Dismount
and clean the air inlet pipeline if necessary.
-Identify leaks, if any, on the turbocharger.
-If necessary, tighten the 4 turbocharger anchoring screws
on the exhaust manifold (tightening torque - 61 Nm). If
after tightening there is still a leak, replace the attachment
seal.

The turbocharger must be more thoroughly verified every


6,000 hours or every 2 years:

-Dismantle the air inlet and exhaust pipes.


-Ensure that the blades are not damaged or cracked and
that the turbocharger turns freely. In case of the contrary,
contact the VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised
representative.

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-Measure the bearing clearances as follows.

Measurement of the radial clearance:

- Use a narrow blade or a thickness gauge such as a wire


to measure the clearance between the compressor wheel
and the casing.
-Gently push the compressor wheel towards the
compressor casing in the direction of the shim clearance
and calibrate. A first reading is obtained.
SC15
-Leaving the shim clearance at the same place, gently
push the compressor wheel away from the compressor
casing and measure the clearance between the wheel and
the compressor casing. A second measurement is
obtained.
-Subtract these two values to calculate the transversal
bearing clearance.

The transversal clearance must be between 0.15 and 0.64


mm
In case of the contrary, replace the turbocharger.
SC16

Measurement of the axial clearance:

-Use a dial depth gauge.


-Push the rotor to move it away from the gauge.
-Adjust the gauge to zero.
-Push the rotor towards the gauge and record the axial
clearance obtained

This axial clearance must be between 0.038 and 0.089


SC17 mm
In case of the contrary, replace the turbocharger.

5.1.7 The engine anchoring points

Every 1,500 hours or every year, it is essential to inspect


the engine supports for any deterioration or any
hardening of the shock mounts as a result of ageing and
of all broken or lost nuts and screws. Replace all
damaged shock mounts as well as broken or lost nuts and
screws.

The engine anchoring screws tightening torque is 109 to


136 Nm.
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5.2 - CLEANING THE RADIATORS

To guarantee satisfactory cooling of the propeller


components, the side - Ref. 33 and Ref. 34, and the upper
- Ref. 35 - suction grills, as well as the radiators must be
maintained in perfectly clean condition.
350094
For this reason, the compactor is equipped with an
automatic cleaning system. Despite this system, manual
33 34 35 daily cleaning is still required.

Automatic cleaning:

Suction grills are equipped with perforated ramps


(patented VANDEL system) that diffuse compressed air
to evacuate impurities deposited on them.
The grills are cleaned alternatively:
-the two side grills - Ref. 33
-then the two side grills - Ref. 34
-and finally, the upper grills - Ref. 35.
A programmable controller manages the control cycle of
the blasts of compressed air in the different perforated
ramps.
The conditions for release of blasts of air in the ramps are
the following:
250018
-a programmed period between each blast
-a change in the direction in which the compactor is
41 40 42 36 moving
-the gas pedal lifted: a condition that is required in
order to obtain the maximum efficacy of the system;
with the engine idling, the suction effect of the fan is
decreased during the blast of compressed air.

650155 650156 Manual cleaning:

Clean the radiator beam whenever necessary.


38 39 37 Access to the radiators and oil coolants are at the rear of
the compactor.

Lower the articulated bumper - Ref. 36:


-On the right side, pull out the pin - Ref. 37 - after
having removed the safety pin.
-On the left side, push the hook - Ref. 38- and
simultaneously lower the articulated bumpers until
the safety alarm - Ref. 39 - is triggered.

Open the cooling case - Ref. 40:


-Unlock the two closures - Ref. 41.
-Open the cooling case with the handle - Ref. 42 -
650157
until the safety mechanism - Ref. 43 is triggered.
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Cleaning the radiators:


47 45 46 48 49
-The water radiator - Ref. 45 - , the hydraulic coolant
- Ref. 46 -, and the air exchanger - Ref. 47 - are
accessed by climbing onto the articulated bumper -
Ref. 36 - in a lowered position and gripping the
handle - Ref. 44.
-Clean the radiators with a water and compressed air
jet to effectively remove impurities stuck to the
blades.

Cleaning the gearbox air cooler - Ref. 50:


-Release the two catches - Ref. 49.
-Open the door - Ref. 48.
-Open the hatch - Ref. 51 - by undoing the wing
screw.
-Clean the gearbox air cooler with a water and
250020
compressed air jet to effectively remove impurities
stuck to the blades.
-Clean the coolant cover by evacuating the water and
36 51 44 43 waste through the hatch - Ref. 51.


WARNING!

If water under pressure is being used for


cleaning, be careful not to damage or bend
the blades of the radiator and coolant
beams. The jet must be held in a position
perpendicular to the beam and at a safety
distance which is adjusted according to the
400018
pressure.


WARNING!
50
The engine must be turned off while the
radiators are being cleaned.

When the cleaning is done:


-Close the door - Ref. 48 - and block the two catches -
Ref. 49.
-Close the hatch - Ref. 51.
-Close the coolant cover - Ref. 40 - after having
unblocked the safety latch - Ref. 43. When closing the
cover, ensure that the hoses are properly placed under
it.
-Lock the two catches - Ref. 41.
-Unlock the safety latch - Ref. 39 - while raising the
articulated bumper until the catch - Ref. 38 - snaps
into position.
-Replace the pin - Ref. 37 - and its safety pin.
400017

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5.3 - THE TRANSMISSION

The power-shift type gearbox is fitted separately from the


engine. It is equipped with a hydrodynamic torque
converter.
It has a power shift.

The gearbox is oiled by a pump that is incorporated in it.

A cooling system directs the oil from the converter to the


air cooler at the back of the compactor where it is filtered
and then returned to the box.

The temperature is controlled by a sensor and can be


visualized on the display unit of the dashboard (see
section 2.4.1)
The maximum temperature at the converter outlet should
not reach 130C.

The oil pressure in the multiple disk clutches of the


gearbox can also be verified on the display unit.
It must be at a minimum of 8 Bar and a maximum of 17
Bar.

These two parameters should therefore be verified on the


display unit to ensure that they remain within the normal
functioning ranges and the machine should only be
operated if this is the case.

5.3.1 - Checking the oil level


WARNING!

For this operation the compactor


articulation must be locked with the bar
provided for this purpose. Never intervene
without first ensuring that the articulation is
blocked.

Check the oil level daily; this can be done at the end of
the working period. The gauge - Ref. 53 - is located to the
left on the front of the rear frame. It is protected by a
detachable plate - Ref. 52.
350072
-The compactor must be on a flat, horizontal surface;
-Place the forward/reverse travel selector in a neutral (N)
52 position;

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-Pull up the hand brake.


-Lay the blade on the ground.
-Access the gauge after loosening the upper screw: rotate
the plate - Ref. 52.
During verification the oil should be hot; a minimum of
80C.
This verification must be done with the engine running
idle.
At a temperature of 80C, the oil level should be at a
maximum (the upper notch of the oil gauge - Ref. 53).
350071
At a temperature of 40C, the level is at a minimum (the
lower notch on the gauge).

56 53
5.3.2 - Changing the gearbox oil

The oil should be changed every 1,000 hours or once per


year and the filters every 500 hours.
The drain plug - Ref. 54 - can be accessed from the
bottom of the compactor after the lower armour plate has
been opened.
54

WARNING!

Be careful when changing the oil: very hot


oil can cause burns.
Oil filling is done from the gauge pipe - Ref. 53.

Ensure that the plug - Ref. 54 is properly replaced and


tightened.

Ensure that the recommendations for oil quality given in


the table in section 4.4 as well as the frequency of
maintenance in sections 4.3 and 4.6 are followed.
350112

After filling up, ensure that there are no leaks.

55 NB: When the engine is turned off, the oil level rises
noticeably above the upper notch of the gauge.

The inlet strainer - Ref. 55 - located above the front


output shaft on the left side of the gearbox, should be
cleaned every 1,000 hours. To access it, the cover - Ref.
056 - under the articulation should be removed.
It is fitted in the gearbox casing.
After cleaning, put a clean seal between the gearbox
casing and the strainer.

250013

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The gearbox oil filters - Ref. 58 - are located in the box


on the left under the walkway leading to the operator
station.
To access them, open the door - Ref. 57.

They must be changed every 500 hours.

5.3.3 - The open air filter:

The breather filter is located on the upper section of the


gearbox casing.
It must be replaced every 2,000 hours.

250050
IMPORTANT: The range of operating temperature of the
57 converter is 80C to 110C; very brief increases of up to
120C are allowed.

If the temperature reaches 130C stop the compactor


immediately, put the gear shift lever in the neutral
position, and let the engine run between 1,200 and 1,500
rpm to allow the temperature to fall (for approximately 2
to 3 minutes).

Identify the cause and resolve the problem.

250060

58

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5.4 - THE FRONT AND REAR AXLES

The front and rear axles are maintained on the frame and
the arm by 8 cross bolts.
Tightening torque: 2,167 Nm +/- 30 Nm

This fixation should be verified periodically to ensure


that it is in good condition.

5.4.1 - Checking the oil level:

The oil level of the final drives and the differential must
be checked every 250 hours. The compactor must be on
flat, horizontal ground.
250061 Turn the final drives to bring the cap - Ref. 59 - to a
horizontal position. The level is then verified by
60 59 removing the cap - Ref. 059.
After verification, the cap must then be refitted with
paste.

The oil level in the differential is verified by removing


the cap - Ref. 60.

5.4.2 - Changing the oil:

It must be done every 500 hours or once per year.

For the final drives, turn the cap -Ref. 59 - to the position
at the bottom.
After the oil change, the cap must be refitted with paste.

For the differential, by removing the cap - Ref. 61


The differential housing communicates with the right and
left final drive housings.
After the oil change, the cap must be refitted with paste.
250062
The front and rear axles are equipped with limited slip
62 differentials with discs.
61
Follow the recommendations in the table in section 4.4
concerning the oil quality for this type of axle.
Maintenance frequency: see sections 4.3 and 4.6.
Clean the breathers - Ref. 62 - every 250 hours.

250063

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5.5 - THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


64
The hydraulic tank is located at the back of the cabin.
The pressure control valves of the system are regulated at
the factory; any changes in the setting made by
uncertified persons or workshops will lead to the
cancellation of the manufacturers guarantee.


WARNING!
Never carry out any interventions on the
hydraulic system without ensuring that it is
not under pressure. Read the following
250002 recommendations carefully.

65 66 5.5.1 - Checking the oil level:



It must be done every day with the compactor on flat,
horizontal ground, the hydraulic system at normal
operating temperature, and the front blade raised (the
cylinder rod pulled in).
The oil must be half way on the visual indicator - Ref. 64
- located on the left above the tank.

5.5.2 - Draining the system:

The oil must be changed every 1,000 hours or once per


year.
Carefully unscrew the aeration filter - Ref. 65 - from the
top of the tank beside the return filter. The reservoir is
thereby de-pressurized. Unscrew the cap - Ref. 70 - and
open the stop valve - Ref. 69.
The valve - Ref. 69 and the drain plug - Ref. 70 - can be
accessed from the interior of the rear frame after the
lower armour plates have been opened.
Carry out this operation while the fluid is still slightly
hot.
The blade must be on the ground.
The brake system must be bled off (see section 6.2.1).
WARNING!

When the hydraulic tank is empty the lower


armour plate covers are no longer
manoeuvrable.
Refill through one of the two filler outlets - Ref. 66 - or
250064 through the safety filling connection - Ref. 68 - located
on the top of the tank, until the oil reaches the bottom of
67 68 the level boss - Ref. 64 (see section 5.5.1).
Start up the engine and operate the blade and steering
system.
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Once the hydraulic system is at operating temperature,


raise the front blade to retract the cylinder rod.
Add oil if necessary, so that it reaches the half level on
the boss.
Screw the aeration filter - Ref. 65 - back on to the tank
and put the blade back on the ground.

Complete cleanliness is required during hydraulic oil


filling and all other interventions on the system.

71 70 Even very fine particles can cause damages or prevent the


system from working. Clean around the filling area
scrupulously before pouring the fluid in the hydraulic
fluid tank.

Each time the system is drained or after it is rinsed, when


oil pollution is noted, the return filter cartridge should be
changed.
Be very careful during drainage: hot fluid can cause
serious injuries on any exposed part of the skin.
The strainer located at the back of the hydraulic tank can
be accessed by removing the rectangular cover - Ref. 67 -
on the top of the tank.
The aeration filter - Ref. 65 - of the hydraulic tank must
350111
be changed every 1,000 hours or once per year.

69 5.5.3 - Verifying the pressure:


The hyraulic system pressure of the blade and the steering


should be verified every 500 hours with a manometer
attached to the pressure outlet - Ref.71.
This pressure outlet is located inside the battery casing on
the left side. It can be accessed once the door of the
casing is opened.

These pressure checks must be done with the oil at


operating temperature. The pressure must be 175 Bar +/-
5 Bar.

250065
The pressure outlet - Ref. 79 allows measurement of the
gearbox pressure.
79 71

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5.5.4 - Compression release of the hydraulic system

During an intervention on the hydraulic system (changing


the cylinder seals, changing the hoses), it must be
decompressed.

It is done while the compactor is immobilised with the


engine turned off.
Activate the joystick for the front blade several times in
both directions.

WARNING!
Never carry out an intervention on a
hydraulic system part without ensuring
that it is not under pressure.

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HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM


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73 5.6 - THE AIR CONDITIONING

Filtration of the air outside of the cabin is ensured by two


filters located behind the plate - Ref. 72 - in the flanged
case on the right side of the cabin.
Filtered air is drawn up by the chimney - Ref. 73 -.

The two filters (Carbon - Ref; 74 and paper - Ref 75) are
to be changed every 500 hours.
The paper filter cartridge - Ref. 75 - must also be cleaned
daily.

To remove the 2 filters:


-Remove the plate - Ref. 72
-Push the frame -Ref. 76 - towards the back of the
250051
compactor using the handle.
-At the same time, pull the two filters out of the
frame.
72

Periodically verify and clean the condenser - Ref. 77 -


fixed on the top of the protective structure of the
compactor.

Verify the evaporator located in the false ceiling in the


cabin, and clean if necessary (see section 2.5.3 AIR
CONDITIONING)
The evaporator is equipped with a dust filter which must
be changed every 250 hours.

350083 Verify the tightness of the compressor belt daily.

76 75 74 Ensure that the hoses and connectors are in good


condition.

To lubricate the seals and avoid the loss of cooling fluid,


activate the air conditioner at least once per week
regardless of the weather.

WARNING!
The freezing agent used in the air
conditioning system is R 134 A.

10862

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77 The condenser - Ref. 77 - is equipped with a


dehumidifying filter - Ref 80 - which must be replaced
every 2,000 hours or every year.
This operation requires:
-Cleaning of the condensing and evaporating
coils;
-Cleaning of the condensation tray and the exhaust
valve;
-Recovering the coolant for replacement of the
3500082
dehydrator filter;
- Restocking the coolant and monitoring the
thermostatic regulation and the pressostats.

80
WARNING!
The freezing agent used in the air-
conditioning system is R 134 A, which
indicates that these operations are
conducted by a certified system.

500011

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6 - MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS
6 - ENTRETIEN ET REGLAGES
6.1 - WHEELS

Sheeps foot wheels or chopper wheels are the standard.


Wheels may or may not be equipped with scrapers.
When fitting, the fixation screws for the wheels must be
tightened by diametrically opposed pairs. It is also
recommended to relieve the burden on the wheel during
this operation. Tighten in several stages.
Tightening torque: 736 Nm +/- 30 Nm
After the first 10 hours of functioning, verify again and re-
tighten the screws if necessary. Periodically verify the
tightness of the wheels, the scraper arms, and tips.
The tightening torque of scraper arms: 1,422 Nm +/- 30
Nm
350113
The tightening torque of tips: 569 Nm +/- 30 Nm

CHOPPER WHEELS:
Proceed with the upkeep of the wheels when the height of
the blade after use is approximately 5 mm above the
bracket welding.

6.2 - THE BRAKING SYSTEM

6.2.1 - The operating brake

This is an immersed multi-disc brake located in the hub of


each of the 4 wheels. It is protected against all exterior
pollution.
It has hydraulic servo-control with an accumulator loaded
by the hydraulic system pump of the compactor, located in
the rear frame under the water radiator.
350095 It has a double circuit: one for the front axle and one for the
rear axle.
When the engine is at rest, a certain amount of pressure
remains in the system and this allows use of the operating
brake. The brake torque delivered therefore depends on the
level of pressure in the accumulator.
WARNING!

For ALL INTERVENTIONS on the braking


system it is essential to decompress the
system in order to avoid high pressure oil
jets which can cause serious accidents.

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6 - MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS

COMPRESSION RELEASE OF THE BRAKING SYSTEM:

This is carried out with the ENGINE TURNED OFF, by


pressing on the brake pedal several times. Any accumulator
that is considered to be defective should not be discarded as
it is. It must be entrusted to a specialised workshop for it to
be scrapped.
WARNING: there is a risk of explosion if the accumulators
overheat.

BLEEDING THE BRAKES:

This must be done by a Technician or workshop authorised


by VANDEL.

MONITORING THE OIL LEVEL:

The braking system and the hydraulic system of the


compactor share a common circuit.
The level is verified by the visual indicator located on the
left side at the top of the tank (See section 5.5.1).
350029

THE RELAY BEARING:

1 It is equipped with a reserve of lubricant when it is fitted


which should be regularly supplemented using a lubricator
- Ref. 1- two to four times per month.

2
6.2.2 - The parking brake

It is fitted on the entrance flange of the front axle and is


mechanically controlled by cable with the use of a lever -
Ref. 2 - which is raised or lowered. A warning light on the
dashboard signals the position of the lever (See section
2.4.3).
In the lowered position (photo) the brake is deactivated and
the warning light is extinguished.
10392

ADJUSTMENT:

Two adjustment levels are possible:


-The first is by turning the lever handle - Ref. 2 - in a
lowered position. Tighten the handle to decrease play.
-The second is for use when it becomes impossible to make
adjustments by turning the handle.
Adjust the clevises on the cable length after having put the
handle back in the initial position, i.e. completely
unscrewed with the lever in a lowered position.

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6 - MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS

6.3 - THE ENGINE

The valves and injector controls must be properly adjusted


for the engine to function efficiently. They must be
adjusted every 1,500 hours or every year. Contact the
VANDEL Customer Service or its authorised
representative when the moment for carrying out this
operation is approaching.

6.4 - THE CENTRE-POINT FRAME ARTICULATION

The upper and lower articulations together connect the


250058
front and rear frames and ensure the steering of the
machine.
3
They are equipped with tapered roller bearings on a paired
line. The axial clearance of the bearings is determined
during the fitting. A pre-load with shims is applied to keep
them in position in their sockets while ensuring the
functional clearance required. Therefore, it is not necessary
to make frequent adjustments.

In the event that there is too much play which requires an


intervention, immediately contact the VANDEL Customer
Service or its authorised representative.

Lip seals on each side of the bearings protect them against


all external aggressions.

250059
The upper and lower articulations must be oiled daily.

For all maintenance interventions ensure that the


articulation is blocked with the safety bar - Ref. 3 - (see
section 4.1).

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6 - MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS

6.5 - THE PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE

Verify the fixations of the protective structure on the frame


to ensure that there are no missing screws or that screws are
not loose.

Tightening torque: 932 to 1,079 Nm

Verify the condition of the structure (welding, cracks,


damages, deformations).

Immediately report any anomalies noted.


250066
Any intervention that entails dismantling the safety
structure and tilting the cabin must be done by specialized
personnel: consult the VANDEL Customer Service or its
authorised representative.
When refitting the safety structure, all the fixation screws
as well as the nuts must be changed.

The protective structure of the cabin is in conformance with


FOPS/ROPS standards. Modifications (boring, welding,
etc.) are strictly forbidden and will invalidate this
conformance. Anyone who notices forbidden modification
on the compactor should notify the customer and the
manufacturer in writing.

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Page 115
7 - ELECTRICITY
7 - ELECTRICITE
WARNING!
Before any intervention on the electrical
system of the compactor, ensure that it is
properly isolated from its power source.

7.1 - BATTERIES
WARNING!
Sparks or flames can cause hydrogen
explosions of the battery. To prevent
explosions, proceed as follows:

1-When disconnecting the battery cables, always


disconnect the negative cable first.
2-When reconnecting the battery cables, always
reconnect the negative cable last.
3-Do not put the battery terminals in short circuit with
250050
metallic parts.
4-Do not weld, grind, or smoke close to batteries.

LOCATION:

Batteries are connected in series and are located under the


platform to the left. Access is gained through a door
located on the front of the rear frame, on the left side.

THE BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCH

Turn off the current with the battery disconnect switch at


the end of the day, as well as in case of anomalies noticed
on the machine.
250067
VERIFICATION:

Every 50 hours or at least twice per month (and more


frequently when environmental temperatures exceed
15C.), verify whether the electrolyte level is 10 mm
above the plates.
WARNING!
Before starting maintenance on the batteries,
always wear facial protection, gloves, and
250050 protective clothing.
The electrolyte from a battery or its
explosion can cause serious injuries.

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7 - ELECTRICITY

CHARGING BATTERIES:

During charging, allow as much air to circulate as


possible, especially if the batteries are charged in a closed
room.
Always turn off the charging current before disconnecting
the charger pliers.
WARNING!

Battery acid causes severe burns.

The sulphuric acid in batteries causes severe burns. Do


not ingest and avoid contact with skin, eyes, and clothes.
In case of accidental ingestion of acid, call the anti-
poison centre and evacuate the victims according to the
safety procedure of the site.

WARNING!

When the electrolyte from the battery


freezes it can explode if:

1-You try to change the battery;


2-You try to start with a back-up battery and let the
engine run.

NB:
To prevent the electrolyte from freezing, try to keep the
battery fully charged.

7.2 - THE GENERATOR

The belt idler is automatic.


Verify the condition and tension of the generator drive
belt daily (see section 5.1.3 - Fan belt tension).

NB:
The generator and its various components respond poorly
to bad connections.
3500603
Therefore, the following instructions should be followed:

4279271V91
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7 - ELECTRICITY

DISCONNECTING:

Do not disconnect the conductors from the batteries and


the generator while the engine is running: this could
cause a generator breakdown.
Disconnect and insulate the conductors from the batteries
before all interventions on the generator and its
components.

7.3 - STARTING UP WITH EMERGENCY


BATTERIES

WARNING!
A phenomenon of avalanche current can
cause batteries to explode if a battery that
is fully charged is connected to a
discharged battery. Proceed as follows
when starting with emergency batteries.

Ensure that the emergency batteries or power supply


equipment have the same voltage as the batteries of the
vehicle that has broken down.

PROCEED AS FOLLOWS:

-Turn off the current with the battery disconnect switch;


-Connect two batteries in series;
Begin by connecting one of the cables between the (+)
terminal of the machine and the (+) terminal of the
emergency battery;
-Then connect the other cable between the (-) terminal of
the emergency battery and the earth on the compactor
frame;
-Connect the current in the circuit of the machine which
has broken down with the battery disconnect switch and
start up the engine;
-Once the engine is running, start by disconnecting the
cable linking the earth of the frame to the (-) emergency
battery terminal. Then remove the cable connecting the
(+) terminals.

CONNECTING THE BATTERIES:

SC18 Be careful not to invert the battery conductors under any


circumstances. The (+) and (-) signs are stamped on the
terminals of each battery. An inverted connection
instantly destroys the generator power rectifier.
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7 - ELECTRICITY
Before disconnecting the battery, turn off the current with
the battery disconnect switch.

ARC WELDING:

To arc weld on the machine or on any equipment


installed on it, turn off the current with the battery
disconnect switch. The generator should also be
disconnected ((+) terminal) as well as all other electronic
devices.

NB:
For disconnecting as well as for re-connecting electronic
devices, their terminal voltages must be null.

Connect the welding device as close as possible to the


area to be welded

7.4 - FUSES AND RELAYS



Fuses are gathered behind the plate - Ref. 1 - located on
the right side of the interior cabin.
On the cover of the casing there is a number and a
position for each fuse. A summary table is available on
the next page.

WARNING:
Never install a fuse with a higher intensity than that
recommended on the plate.
1020
If there are several occurrences of fuses burning out in
the same place, identify the cause.
1 Before replacing the fuse, put the battery disconnect
switch in the Stop position.
2
To effectively protect the power circuits a fuse box - Ref.
2 - is fitted in the engine compartment. It is accessible
from the right side of the engine when the hood is lifted.
It has 2 fuses:
- 1/ 80 A: Cabin power supply
- 2/ Not used
- 3/ Power supply
- 4/ Not used
- 5/ 80 A: Generator

The starting relay - Ref. 3 - is located in the engine
compartment, under the fuse box - Ref. 2.
250023

The control relays are gathered inside the cabin, on the


right hand side, under the bracket.

3
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7 - ELECTRICITY

SUMMARY TABLE OF THE FUSES

It concerns fuses located in the cabin, behind the plate - Rep.1.

Fuse n Amperage (A) Colour Function


1 10 Red 24V outlet + FM200 (+APC) Casing
2 3 Pink Safety hand break + Battery Indicator, Blocking
3 7,5 Brown Air-conditioning compressor circuit
4 30 Green Condenser circuit
5 20 Yellow Evaporator circuit + Air-conditioning alarm
6 10 Red Front windshield wiper + Front windshield washer
7 15 Blue 12V outlet + Car radio
8 2 Grey Blade control Steering control + Safety
9 10 Red GPS Switch (COMPACT SYSTEM option)
10 10 Red Test/Engine failure
11 25 Colourless 24V exterior outlet - 12V/24V converter
12 7,5 Brown FM200 power supply (VANDEL CONTROL option)
13 10 Red Rear windshield wiper + Rear windshield washer
14 15 Blue Front headlights
15 15 Blue Rear headlights
16 10 Red Heating system
17 30 Green Fuel pre-heating
18 10 Red Cummins Engine Diagnostic Socket
Blower power supply controller + Ether injection system
19 20 Yellow
+ Air suspension seat
20 10 Red Horn control
21 5 Beige Blade and steering control
22 10 Red Automatic centralised lubrication (option)
23 7,5 Brown Speed selector + Safety hand brake
24 5 Beige Reverse warning alarm + Rear view monitor
25 10 Red Additional power available
26 1 Black CANCOCKPIT display unit
27 5 Beige Ceiling fitting + Dashboard lighting
28 X Space not used
29 X Space not used
30 10 Red Additional power available
31 1 Black CANCOCKPIT (+APC) FM200 amplifier
32 X Space not used
33 X Space not used
34 X Space not used

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7 - ELECTRICITY

7.5 - LIGHTING

For standard equipment, the working lights are fitted in


pairs on the four corners of the protective structure. They
are equipped with H 3 24 V 70 W type bulbs.

350088

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7 - ELECTRICITY

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4279271V91
Page 123
8 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
8 - SPECIFICATIONS TECHNIQUES
ENGINE BRAKES
Make: CUMMINS Operating brakes: immersed discs in the 4 wheels
Type: QSM 11 Hydraulic control pedal from the operator station
Operating principle: Aftercooled, turbocharged, Disc parking brake: manual control by adjustable lever
4-stroke, direct injection diesel
Pressure lubrication DIRECTION
Water cooling Hydraulic, with kingbolt articulation
Air/air post cooling 2 double-acting cylinders
Number of cylinders: 6 in line
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
Bore: 125 mm
Double-casing gear pump flanged to the gearbox
Stroke: 147 mm
1st casing: Steering & blade
Displacement: 10.8 litres
Priority steering
Compression ratio: 16.3/1
Peak torque: 1674 Nm @ 1400 rpm General system pressure 5: 175 bar
Rated speed: 2100 rpm Th. output at 2100 rpm: 197 l/mn
Anti-shock valves on blade circuit, pressure setting: 230 bar
Rated at 250 kW (335 hp)
Firing order: 1-5-3-6-2-4 2nd casing: Gearbox cooling
Cooling system pressure: 130 bar max
ELECTRICAL FITTINGS
FILTRATION
2 x 12 V. batteries in a row: 190 AMP/H
Alternator: 24 V. - 70 AMP Admission: 60 microns strainer
8 Work lights: 70 W On filter return with 10 paper cartridge by-pass
Audible external back-up alarm CABIN
Circuit breaker PREDISYS CAB type with ventilation, heating and air-
conditioning
TORQUE CONVERTER
Coupled to the gearbox and linked to the engine Ergonomic air suspension seat
by cardan drive ROPS safety structure

SERVICE REFILL CAPACITIES


GEARBOX
Hydrodynamic, 2 forward and reverse gears - Crankcase ..................................37 l
Power shift gear transmission - Cooling system ..........................49 l
Filtered, cooled oil - Fuel tank ....................................610 l
- Gearbox system .........................78 l
AXLES - Front axle ...................................35 l
Front and rear fixed axles, planetary final drive. - Rear axle ....................................35 l
Helicoidal bevel gearing - Hydraulic system .......................220 l
Oscillating rear axle: +/- 7
SOUND PRESSURE LEVEL
Front and rear self-locking differentials
Maximum sound pressure level in air-conditioned cabin,
FRONT BLADE while operating with door and window closed: 82 dB (A)
Semi-U blade: width 3.60 m Guaranteed sound power level: 111 dB
or straight blade: width over end bits: 3.80 m
WEIGHT
Height with protective grill: 2 m
Maximum operating weight: 33,000 kg
WHEELS
Chopper wheels or sheeps foot wheels
Overall external diameter: 1.89 m
Width: 1.00 m

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8 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
THESE FEATURES MAY BE MODIFIED WITHOUT PRIOR NOTICE

F H

DIMENSIONS QS 300
A Overall length (m) 8.83
B Wheelbase (m) 3.75
C Width over wheels (m) 3.46
Straight blade width (m) 3.80
D
Semi-U blade width (m) 3.60
E Blade height (m) 2
F Ground clearance (mm) 660
G Height over safety structure (m) 4.05
H Overall height (m) 4.48

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8 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

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4279271V91
Page 127
9 - ALPHABETICAL INDEX
9 - INDEX ALPHABETIQUE
Access to operator station .................................. 25 Operating the machine ....................................... 14
Fittings .......................................................... 35,38 Operating and functioning ................................. 25
SCA additive ............................................ 69,82,83 Operators comfort ............................................ 36
Safety stickers ............................................... 19,47 General instructions ........................................... 61
Air coolant ......................................................... 96 Special instructions ............................................ 62
Display unit ........................................................ 28 Key switch .................................................... 35,49
Assistance with start-up ................................... 117 Preventive checks ......................................... 17,66
Alarm ................................................................. 30 Daily visual checks ............................................ 84
Warning.............................................................. 30 Battery disconnect switch ........................... 36,115
Generator.......................................................... 116 Belts ..................................................... 84,105,116
Vibration damper ............................................... 88 Inlet strainer ..................................................... 102
Bulbs ................................................................ 120 Compressed air tank .......................................... 39
Anti-freeze .................................................... 68,81
Stopping the compactor ..................................... 55 Separator ............................................................ 46
Stopping the engine............................................ 55 Braking system compression release ............... 110
Articulation ...................................................... 111 Hydraulic system compression release ............ 103
Foreword .............................................................. 4 Failure during operation .................................... 17
Horn ................................................................... 35 Starting the engine ............................................. 49
Starting with emergency batteries ................... 117
Batteries ........................................................... 115 Starting in cold weather ..................................... 51
Gearbox .............................................................. 47 Starting in very cold weather ............................. 52
Air restoration cylinder ...................................... 92 Machine designation ............................................ 5
Air dryer ............................................................ 92
Camera ............................................................... 42 Dimensions ...................................................... 124
Capacities ........................................................... 69 Rear vision device ............................................. 42
Hood................................................................... 62 Supporting documents ......................................... 4
Technical specifications ................................... 123
Oils and lubricants specifications ...................... 68 Air exchanger .................................................... 96
Low guards......................................................... 63 Lighting ........................................................... 120
Safety belt .......................................................... 25 Electricity......................................................... 115
Changing gears .................................................. 52 Maintenance and adjustments .......................... 109
Changing direction ............................................. 53 Particles screen .................................................. 89
Charging batteries ............................................ 116 Front and rear axles ......................................... 100
Heating ............................................................... 36 Evaporator .................................................. 37,105
Compressed air system ...................................... 92
Hydraulic system ........................................ 47,104 Flashing reverse lights ....................................... 40
Cooling system................................................... 45 Air filters............................................................ 89
Keyboard ............................................................ 29 Cab air filter ................................................ 38,105
Air conditioning .......................................... 37,105 Fuel filter ........................................................... 79
Tool box ............................................................. 39 Engine oil filter .................................................. 77
Controls .............................................................. 34 Open air filter..................................................... 99
Main controls ..................................................... 34 Safety filter ........................................................ 91
Compact System ................................................ 41 Air conditioning dryer filter ............................ 106
Meters ................................................................ 33 Cooling liquid filter ........................................... 85
Air compressor ................................................... 92 Hydraulic filter ................................................ 101
Design .................................................................. 5 Primary filter...................................................... 90
Condenser ........................................................ 106 Engine anchoring points .................................... 94
Operating conditions .......................................... 56 Parking brake .............................................. 34,110
Conditions of use ............................................... 48 Operating brake .............................................. 109
Operating............................................................ 45 Fuses .................................................... 35,118,119

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9 - ALPHABETICAL INDEX
Guarantee - France ............................................... 6 Special instructions ............................................ 55
Oiling ............................................................ 67,68 Presentation ......................................................... 3
Automatic lubrication ........................................ 40 Pressure check ................................................. 102
Maintenance guide ........................................ 65,77 Engine diagnostic socket ................................... 38
Display programming socket ............................. 38
Identification ........................................................ 5 Preventing fires, burns ....................................... 18
Switches ............................................................. 33 Protection against fires ...................................... 63
Emergency exit .................................................. 25 Draining the brake system ............................... 110
Draining the fuel supply system ........................ 80
Front blade .................................................... 47,53
Lifting ................................................................ 58 Water radiator .................................................... 96
Coolant ..................................................... 45,68,81 Hydraulic coolant .............................................. 96
Lubricants .......................................................... 68 Cooling the engine ............................................. 81
Lubricating the engine ....................................... 77 General rules ...................................................... 12
Relays .............................................................. 118
Steering joystick................................................. 27 Towing ............................................................... 58
Blade joystick..................................................... 35 Fuel tank ............................................................ 46
Handling the compactor ..................................... 58 Hydraulic tank ................................................... 47
Protective measures ........................................... 64 Breaking-in ................................................... 55,65
Monitor .............................................................. 42 Wheels ........................................................ 47,109
Engine ......................................................... 76,111
Fan hub............................................................... 88 Maintenance diagram ........................................ 70
Hydraulic system diagram ............................... 104
Cleaning the radiators ........................................ 95 Safety ................................................................. 11
Cleaning the cooling system .............................. 87 Forward/reverse travel selector .................... 35,53
Gearbox oil level. .......................................... 47,97 Seat ............................................................... 25,48
Braking system oil level................................... 110 Table of contents ................................................. 8
Engine oil level ............................................. 45,77 Arc welding ..................................................... 118
Hydraulic system oil level .......................... 47,101 Technical specifications .................................. 123
Front and rear axles oil level............................ 100 Parking the compactor ....................................... 15
Coolant level ................................................. 45,84 Long term parking ............................................. 59
Protective structure .......................................... 112
Components and safety fittings.......................... 35 Warning symbol .................................................. 3
Maintenance operations ................................ 66,70 Fuel supply system ............................................ 79
Routine maintenance operations ................... 66,70 Braking system ................................................ 109
Options ............................................................... 40 Hydraulic system ............................................. 101
Cooling system ............................................. 81,86
Relay bearing ................................................... 110
Accelerator pedal ............................................... 35 Dashboard .......................................................... 28
Brake pedal ........................................................ 35 Warning lights ................................................... 32
Breaking-in period ........................................ 55,65 Belt idlers ........................................................... 84
Maintenance frequency ............................ 67,69,71 Belt tensions ............................................... 84,116
Identification plate ............................................... 5 Transmission ................................................. 47,97
Weight .............................................................. 123 Transport ............................................................ 58
Maintenance intervention points ........................ 70 Operating the compactor ................................... 56
Water pump........................................................ 88 Turbocharger ..................................................... 93
Operator station.................................................. 25 Compressed air pipe .......................................... 39
Radio .................................................................. 38 Engine oil drainage hose.................................... 39
First commissioning ........................................... 45

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9 - ALPHABETICAL INDEX

Using the controls .............................................. 34

VANDEL Control .............................................. 41


Fan...................................................................... 84
Verifications to be carried out....................... 45,48
Maintenance verifications .................................. 61
Verifying hoses .................................................. 87
Daily checks .................................................. 45,84
Blocking the articulated frame .................... 61,111
Changing the gearbox oil ................................... 98
Hydraulic system drainage............................... 101
Changing the coolant ........................................ 85
Changing the engine oil ..................................... 77
Changing the front and rear axles oil ............... 100
Fuel/water separator drainage ............................ 79
Guarantee visit ..................................................... 6

In keeping with the desire for constant improvement, VANDEL reserves the right to modify the features of
the design and creation of the machine as well as the recommendations for maintenance and other service
measures without any obligation to apply them to machines already sold.

4279271V91