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Home assignment

Task1. Study the pronunciation of the following structures. Translate into Romanian.

Brussels Government
European Commission Environment
European Parliament Sustainable
Parliamentary republic Movement
European Union Enlargement
Eurosceptic Sustainability
To develop Commissioner
Development Fundamental rights
Partnership Enforcement
Asylum Non-compliance

Task 2.

*Read about the EU institutions. Underline and translate all the EU terms you find in the text.
**Practice memory training. Read entire sentences (if shorter) from the text below or segment
them if they are too long and then repeat them orally in English without looking at the text.
***Translate the text at sight.
The European Commission is more than simply the EU's civil service. It is the only body that
can propose legislation.
It is sometimes seen as the driving force behind European integration, but is ultimately under the
control of the member states.
The commission is made up of 28 commissioners, each with responsibility for a policy area, such
as agriculture or enlargement.
Commissioners are appointed by the member states, and are usually senior politicians. However,
their job is to act in the general European interest, not to advance the interests of their own
country.
European Council This is the name given to the regular meetings - sometimes called summits -
which bring together the EU countries' heads of state or government and their foreign ministers.
The president of the European Commission also attends.
The decisions taken at the European Council meetings have a major impetus in defining the EU's
general political guidelines.
Each meeting is usually preceded by an exchange of views with the president of the European
Parliament. The European Council is convened at least four times a year, with all meetings held
in Brussels.
European Court of Auditors This is the body that keeps track of EU money so that citizens
know where their money goes. Its aim is to improve the efficiency of EU financial management.

The court audits the EU accounts and the implementation of the budget, providing the European
Parliament and the Council of Ministers with a statement on the accounts' reliability.

European Court of Human Rights The Court of Human Rights, based in Strasbourg, is the
court of the Council of Europe.
It oversees the European Convention on Human Rights established in 1950. This protects the
fundamental rights of people living in Council of Europe member states.
The court is not an EU institution and has no powers of enforcement.
The convention is also separate from EU law, though it serves as a basis for it and provides
precedents which are often followed.
European Court of Justice The Court of Justice rules on disputes over EU treaties and other EU
legislation. Its decisions are binding on EU institutions and member states.
A member state may be taken to court for failing to meet its obligations under EU law; big fines
can be imposed for non-compliance with the court's rulings.
It is made up of senior judges from each member state, who hold office for a renewable term of
six years. The court also hears actions brought by individuals seeking damages from European
institutions, or the annulment of EU legislation which directly concerns them.
European Parliament The parliament is the only directly elected body in the European Union.
It holds regular plenary sessions in Strasbourg, and has a secretariat in Luxembourg, but
members of the parliament do most of their work in Brussels. This is where they examine draft
legislation in committees and consult with the Commission and Council of Ministers.
The parliament has the power to sack the Commission, it holds hearings on new commissioners,
and has the last word on about half the spending in the EU annual budget.
Its powers have been steadily increasing. Most EU legislation now needs the approval of both
parliament and the Council of Ministers before it becomes law.
Europol This is the European Law Enforcement Organisation. Based in The Hague, it tries to
improve co-ordination between police forces across the EU to target international organised
crime.
It combats drug trafficking, illegal immigration and people trafficking, counterfeit operations,
smuggling of stolen vehicles and money laundering. Increasingly, it also deals with financial
crime and cybercrime in cases involving two or more EU member states.
Task 3.
Translate into Romanian and study.

EU Terminology
Vocabulary

application government security


approval guidance seminar
awareness implementing structural funds
benefits integration taxes
borders jargon threat
boss justice to abolish
candidate lasting to achieve
citizen law to aim
deadline legislation to attend
draft measures to formulate
elections outline to maintain
enlargement outlying regions to merge
European dimension policies to promote
feedback project lifetime to replace
founding fathers proposal to treat fairly
frontier-free rules War
gender equality safety