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Sprocket Technical Section

Sprocket Hardening and Materials


Tsubaki can manufacture sprockets to meet your specific
Hardness Conversion Table

needs. The results are sprockets designed to maximize the


Rockwell Hardness Number

life of your chain. Chains and sprockets must work together,


Brinell Approx.
C Scale A Scale Scleroscope 10mm ball Tensile

so buying them from the same source makes sense. When


330 lbs. 130 lbs. Shore 6600 lbs. Strength

chains and sprockets articulate correctly, the life of the chain


Load Load Model C Load (psi)

is extended. That means long term savings and real value for
10 56 28 190 93,000

your application.
12 56 29 195 96,000
13 57 30 200 98,000
15 57 31 205 100,000

Tsubaki sprockets can be made in a variety of grades of


16 58 32 210 103,000

carbon, stainless, and alloy steels, as well as other metals.


18 59 33 216 106,000

Since chain loadings are


20 60 34 222 109,000

distributed over all engaged


21 61 35 228 112,000

sprocket teeth, tooth


22 61 35 234 115,000

breakage or distortion is
23 62 36 240 118,000
24 62 37 247 121,000

not normally a problem. It


25 62 38 253 124,000

is seldom necessary to use


26 63 39 258 126,000

special high strength


27 63 40 264 129,000

material. Diameter, pitch


28 64 41 271 133,000

and strands of the sprocket


29 64 41 279 137,000

Bronze Idler Sprocket


determine the specific
30 65 42 286 140,000

grade of carbon steel used. Many of our wide range of


31 65 43 294 144,000
32 66 44 301 147,000

carbon steel sprockets are heat treated as a standard. For


33 66 46 311 152,000

other sprockets, heat-treating can be specified as an option.


34 67 47 319 156,000

Heat-treated carbon steel provides long wear life and resists


35 67 48 327 160,000

abrasion.
36 68 49 336 165,000
37 68 50 344 169,000

The hardening process of small diameter, small pitch


38 69 51 353 173,000

sprockets is usually a one step procedure using electrical


39 69 52 362 177,000
40 70 54 371 182,000

induction heat-treating. Large diameter, large pitch sprockets


S 41 70 55 381 187,000

are usually heat-treated using direct flame hardening. These


e
42 71 56 390 191,000

methods are used to provide high hardness at the wear areas


c
t 43 72 57 400 196,000

of each tooth maintaining


i
44 72 58 409 200,000
o

a ductile tooth core that is


n 45 73 60 421 206,000

tough and resilient. The


46 73 62 432 212,000
E

hubs and bore remain soft


47 74 63 442 217,000
48 74 64 451 221,000

to permit reworking.
49 75 66 464 227,000
50 75 67 475 233,000
51 76 68 487 239,000
Direct Flame Hardening Process 52 76 69 500 245,000
53 77 71 525 257,000
54 78 72 543 266,000
55 78 74 560 274,000
56 79 75 577 282,000
57 79 76 595 290,000
58 80 78 615 300,000
59 80 80 634 310,000
60 81 81 654 320,000
61 81 83 670 ---
62 82 85 688 ---
63 82 87 705 ---
Electrical Induction Hardening Process 64 83 88 722 ---

Tsubaki stock sprocket hardness is:


65 83 91 739 ---

Rockwell A Scale: 68-76


66 84 92 --- ---

Rockwell C Scale: 35-50


67 85 95 --- ---

Tighter ranges, or higher minimum


68 85 97 --- ---

hardness can be supplied at your


69 86 99 --- ---

request.
70 86 101 --- ---

Sprockets E218 Tsubaki of Canada Limited, 1630 Drew Road, Mississauga, ON L5S 1J6 Tel: 905-676-0400 Fax: 905-676-0904 Toll-Free: 800-263-7088 www.tsubaki.ca e-mail: info@tsubaki.ca