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Pravara Rural Education Societys Pravara Rural Engineering college, Loni

Department of Mechanical Engineering

EXPERIMENT NO.:

TITLE:
Flexural test

AIM:-
Experimental verification of flexural formula in bending for simply supported
beam.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
1. To learn how to conduct flexural test on a beam.
2. To learn how to apply flexural formula practically.

EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED:
1. Universal Testing Machine (U.T.M.)
THEORY:
A beam element subjected to bending moment and shear force due to application
of transverse load under goes certain deformation. The material of the element will offer
resistance to these deformation lead to stress. BM causes a normal stress as a bending
stress and shear force cause a shear stress in a beam element.
Theory of pure bending-
Assumptions:
1. The beam is subjected to pure bending and is therefore free from shear force.
2. The material of the beam is homogeneous and isotropic.
3. Youngs modulus is the same for the beam material in tension as well as in
compression.
4. The transverse section of the beam is symmetric about an axis passing through
the centroid of the section and parallel to the plane bending and remain plane
(do not warp).
5. Axis of beam bends but does not stretch and it lies in a plane of symmetry.

As we know the flexural formula


b/y = M/I = E/R
Specimen:
Timber beam of dimension 45 x 45 x 750 mm

PROCEDURE:
1) Measure the dimension of specimen.
2) Place the specimen on the supports which are 650 mm distance apart.
3) Attach the point load accessories to the UTM for application of load at the center
of a beam.
4) Apply the load gradually from zero to maximum till the failure of beam.
5) Plot the graph of load versus CHT (cross head travel).

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Pravara Rural Education Societys Pravara Rural Engineering college, Loni
Department of Mechanical Engineering

DIAGRAM:

Figure 1 Flexural test on a beam.

OBSERVATIONS:
By observing the graph experimental value of transverse load, Pmax =
b(wood) = 50 Mpa
Dimension of beam (a x b x l) = 45 X 45 X 650 mm

Calculation:
As we know the flexural formula
b/y = M/I = E/R
b = My/I
M = P/2 X L/2
Therotical Pmax =

RESULT:

1) Experimental Pmax =
2) Theoretical Pmax =

CONCLUSION:
From the result experimental and theoretical value of maximum flexural load
carrying capacity approximately same and thus we have verified flexural formula.