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UNIT2
SOLUTION

1 MARK QUESTIONS

Q. 1. The vapour pressure of deliquescent substance is less or more than that of water
vapours in air ?

Ans. Less than that of water vapours in air.


Q. 2. If is the degree of dissociation of Na2SO4 then write the Vant Hoff factor used for
calculating the molecular mass.

Ans. = i 1 / m 1

(m 1) = i 1

1 + (m 1) = i

i = 1 + (3 1)

= 1 + 2 .

Q. 3. If 6.023 1020 molecules of urea are present in 100 ml of its soln. then what is the conc.
of urea soln. ?
Ans. N0 = 6.023 1023 = 1 mol

6.023 1020 molecules = 0.001 mol in 10 ml


N 1000 .001 1000
M= =
v 10 1000

= 0.01 M.

Q. 4. Why camphor is used in molecular mass determination ?

Ans. Because it has very high cryoscopic constant.

It has large depression in m. p. when an organic solute is dissolved in it.

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Q. 5. 0.004 M soln of Na2SO4 is isotonic with 0.01 M soln of glucose at the temp. What is the
apparent degree of dissociation of Na2SO4 ?

Ans. 75%

Q. 6. What happen when mango is placed in dilute aqueous soln of HCl ?

Ans. When mango is placed in dilute aqueous soln. of HCl it swells.

Q. 7. Out of (a) 200 ml of 2 M NaCl Soln and (b) 200 ml of 1 M glucose Soln. which one has
higher osmotic pressure ?

Ans. (a) 200 ml of 2 M NaCl Soln.

NaCl is an electrolyte which dissolve to give ions. Glucose and urea are non electrolytes. Thus
glucose has minimum conc. and hence minimum osmotic pressure.

Q. 8. Out of (a) 0.01 M KNO3 (b) 0.01 M Na2SO4 which aqueous soln. will exhibit high B. P. ?

Ans. (a) 0.01 M Na2SO4

Q. 9. Out of (a) 1 M CaCl2 (b) 1 M AlCl3 which aqueous soln. will show max. vapour pressure at
300 K ?

Ans. (a) 1 M CaCl3, if we assume 100% dissociation, i for CaCl2 = 3 and AlCl3 = 4 and relative
lowering of V. P. is directly proportional to i.

Q. 10. Out of (a) HNO3 + H2O and (b) C6H6 + C6H5CH3 which will form max. boiling azeotrope ?

Ans. (a) HNO3 + H2O.

2 MARKS QUESTIONS

Q. 1. Two solns of a substance (non-electrolyte) are mixed in the following manner 480 ml
of 1.5 M (First Soln) + 520 ml of 1.2 M (Second Soln). What is the molarity of the final
mixture ?

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M1V1 M2 V2
Ans. Total molarity =
V1 V2

1.5 480 1.2 520


= = 1.344 M
480 520

Q. 2. To get the hard boiled eggs, why common salt is added to water before boiling the eggs
?

Ans. Due to addition of common salt the B. P. of the salt containing water elevated, hence the egg
at high temp. becomes hard.

Q. 3. Equimolal Soln of NaCl and BaCl2 are prepared in H2O. B. F. pt. of NaCl is found to be 2
C. What freezing point do you expect from BaCl2 soln ?

Ans. i for NaCl = 2 i for BaCl2 = 3


TF (NaCl) 2

TF (BaCl2 ) 3
32
Therefore TF (BaCl2) = 3
2
TF for BaCl2 = 3 C
TF = 3 C.

Q. 4. Why water cannot be separated completely from ethyl alcohol by fractional distillation ?
Ans. Ethyl alcohol and water (95.4% ethyl alcohol and 4.6% water) form constant boiling mixture
(azeotrope) boiling at 351.1 K. Hence, further water cannot be separated completely from
ethyl alcohol by fractional distillation.
Q. 5. Why a person suffering from high blood pressure is advised to take minimum quantity
of common salt ?
Ans. Osmotic pressure is directly proportional to the conc. of solutes. Our body fluid contain a
number of solutes. On taking large amount of salts, ions enter the body fluid there by raising
the conc. of the solutes. As a result osmotic pressure increases which may rapture the blood
cells.

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Q. 6. Chloro acetic acid is a monoprotic acid and has Ka = 1.36 103. Calculate b. p. of 0.01 M
aqueous soln ? (Kb = 0.51 k kg/mol)
Ans. Kb = 0.51 k kg/mol
= Ka / C

= 1.36 103 / 0.01


= 0.3687
i=1+
= 1 + 0.3687 = 1.3687
Tb = i Kb m

= 1.36 102 .51


= 0.0069 C
Q. 7. Which colligative property is preferred for the molar mass determination of macro
molecules ? Why ?

Ans. Osmotic pressure is preferred over all other colligative properties because :

(a) even in dil. soln the o. p.values are appreciably high and can be measured accurately.

(b) o. p.can be measured at room temp. on the other hand elevation in B. P. is measured at
high temp. where the solute may decompose. The depression in freezing point is
measured at low temp.

Q. 8. How much ethyl alcohol must be added to 1 litre of water so that the solution will freeze
at 14 F ? (Kf for water = 1.86 C/mol)

Ans. (14 32) / 9 = C / 5

C = 5 ( 18) / 9

= 10 C
K F 1000 Wb
TF = Wb = mass of solute
Wa Mb

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Mb = molar mass of solute

Wa = mass of solvent
1.86 1000 Wb
10 =
1000 46
Wb = 247.31 g

Q. 9. 75.2 g of phenol is dissolved in solvent of KF = 14, if the depression in freezing point is 7


k. What is the % of phenol ?
Ans. KF = 14
1000 K F W2
Mb =
W1 TF

Taking the solvent as 1 kg


1000 14 75.2
Mb =
1000 7k

= 150.4 g per mol

phenol (molar mass) 94 g/mol


Calculated molar mass
i=
Observed molar mass

= 94 / 150.4 = 0.625

2 C6H5OH (C6H5OH)2

1 0

1 /2

Total = 1 + / 2

=1/2

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i =1+/2

= 1 / 2 = 0.625

/ 2 = 0.375

= 0.75

% of association = 75%

Q. 10. How many ml of 0.1 M HCl are required to react completely with 1 gm mixture of Na2CO3
& NaHCO3 containing equimolar amounts of both ?

Ans. Let the amount of Na2CO3 be x

Let the amount of NaHCO3 be 1 x

Since no. of moles of both are equal

x 1 x

N(Na2CO3 ) M(NaHCO3 )

x 1 x

106 84

84 x = 106 106 x

x = 0.5578

XNa2CO3 = 0.5578 / 106

= 0.00526

XNaHCO3 = 0.00526

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Na2CO3 + 2 HCl 2 NaCl + CO2 + H2

NaHCO3 + HCl NaCl + CO2 + H2O

M1V1 = 2 M2V2 + M3V3

0.1 V1 = 2 0.00526 + 0.00526

0.01578
V1 =
0.1

= 0.1578 L

V = 157.8 ml.

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