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LEMBAR PERSEMBAHAN

Alhamdulillah

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4. Kupersembahkan kepada sodaraku yang selalu mendukungku.
5. Kupersembahkan karya tulis ini kepada teman teman seperjuanganku, sukses
selalu untuk kita.

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LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

Disusun sebagai laporan resmi Praktikum Geologi Struktur semester III tahun ajaran
2016/2017. Program Studi Teknik Geologi Fakultas Teknik Universitas Islam Riau.

Nama : NURUL NABILA

NPM : 153610797

Plug :I

Nilai Laporan :

Disetujui, 26 Desember 2016

ASSISTEN GEOLOGI STRUKTUR ASSISTEN GEOLOGI STRUKTUR

Zulhikmah Susilo

DOSEN PENGAMPU

Yuniarti Yuskar, ST., MT

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK GEOLOGI


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS ISLAM RIAU
2016

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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa atas segala rahmat-Nya sehingga
laporan akhir ini dapat tersusun hingga selesai. Tidak lupa saya juga mengucapkan
banyak terima kasih atas bantuan dari pihak yang telah berkontribusi dengan
memberikan sumbangan baik materi maupun pemikirannya.

Dan harapan saya semoga laporan akhir ini dapat menambah pengetahuan dan
pengalaman bagi para pembaca, untuk kedepannya dapat memperbaiki bentuk maupun
menambah isi makalah agar menjadi lebih baik lagi.

Karena keterbatasan pengetahuan maupun pengalaman saya, saya yakin masih banyak
kekurangan dalam laporan ini. Oleh karena itu saya sangat mengharapkan kritik dan
saran yang membangun dari pembaca.

Pekanbaru, 26 Desember 2016

Nurul Nabila

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DAFTAR ISI

COVER
LEMBAR PERSEMBAHAN.................................................................................... i
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN....................................................................................... ii
KATA PENGANTAR................................................................................................. iii
DAFTAR ISI.............................................................................................................. iv
DAFTAR GAMBAR.................................................................................................. vi
DAFTAR TABEL....................................................................................................... viii
BAB I STRUKTUR BIDANG DAN GARIS............................................................ 1
1.1.........................................................................................................................Pen
dahuluan......................................................................................................... 1
1.1.1. Struktur Bidang.................................................................................. 1
1.1.2. Struktur Garis..................................................................................... 1
1.2.........................................................................................................................Das
ar Teori........................................................................................................... 1
1.2.1. Struktur Bidang.................................................................................. 1
1.2.2. Struktur Garis..................................................................................... 18
1.3.Hasil dan Pembahasan.................................................................................... 35
1.4.Penutup........................................................................................................... 38
BAB II PROYEKSI STEREOGRAFI....................................................................... 39
2.1.Pendahuluan................................................................................................... 39
2.2.Dasar Teori..................................................................................................... 39
2.2.1. Kekar.................................................................................................. 44
2.2.2. Sesar.................................................................................................... 45
2.2.3. Lipatan................................................................................................ 50
2.3.Hasil dan Pembahasan.................................................................................... 55
2.3.1. Kekar.................................................................................................. 55
2.3.2. Sesar.................................................................................................... 56
2.3.3 Lipatan................................................................................................ 57
2.4.Penutup........................................................................................................... 58

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BAB III HUKUM V & POLA JURUS...................................................................... 59
3.1.Pendahuluan................................................................................................... 59
3.2.Dasar Teori..................................................................................................... 59
3.3.Pembahasan.................................................................................................... 61
3.3.1. Pola Jurus......................................................................................... 63
3.3.2. Penampang....................................................................................... 64
3.3.3. Hukum V.......................................................................................... 64
3.4.Penutup........................................................................................................... 66

BAB IV KULIAH LAPANGAN......................................................................... 67


4.1.Pendahuluan................................................................................................... 67
4.1.1.Latar Belakang...................................................................................... 67
4.1.2.Maksud dan Tujuan............................................................................... 67
4.2.Geologi Regional........................................................................................... 68
4.2.1.Tektonik Regional................................................................................. 68
4.2.2.Stratigrafi Regional............................................................................... 71
4.2.3.Rift (Siklis Pematang) .......................................................................... 72
4.2.4.Sag ........................................................................................................ 74
4.2.5.Inversi.................................................................................................... 77
4.3.Analisis Data ................................................................................................. 77
4.4.Pembahasan ................................................................................................... 84
4.5.Penutup .......................................................................................................... 86

BAB V KESIMPULAN....................................................................................... 87

DAFTAR PUSTAKA........................................................................................... 88

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1.1 Simbol-simbol peta untuk struktur bidang............................. 2


Gambar 1.2. Perpotongan antara permukaan laut (bidang horizontal)................... 3
Gambar 1.3.Konvensi untuk mendeskripsikan jurus.............................................. 4
Gambar 1.4. Diagram blok...................................................................................... 6
Gambar 1.5.Klasifikasi untuk kemiringan sebuah lapisan...................................... 6
Gambar 1.6.Ilustrasi aturan tangan kanan (right-hand rule)................................... 9
Gambar 1.7.Perpotongan antar korok (garis tebal)................................................. 10
Gambar 1.8.............................................................................................................. 11
Gambar 1.9.............................................................................................................. 14
Gambar 1.10............................................................................................................ 15
Gambar 1.11.Diagram garis (alignment diagram)................................................... 16
Gambar 1.12............................................................................................................ 17
Gambar 1.13. Struktur Patahan atau Sesar.............................................................. 18
Gambar 1.14. Fragmen Breksi Besar...................................................................... 19
Gambar 1.15............................................................................................................ 19
Gambar 1.16 Contoh Rake (Pitch).......................................................................... 20
Gambar 1.17. Struktur Garis................................................................................... 21
Gambar 1.18. Simbol Struktur Garis............................................................................... 22
Gambar 1.19. Mengukur Plunge Menggunakan Kompas........................................ 23
Gambar 1.20. Mengukur Bearing Menggunakan Kompas..................................... 24
Gambar 1.21. Peta Topografi.................................................................................. 25
Gambar 1.22. Kedudukan Lapisan batuan.............................................................. 25
Gambar 1.23. Kedudukan Lapisan Batuan.............................................................. 25
Gambar 1.24. Peta Geologi yang Menampakkan Tebal Lapisan............................ 28
Gambar 1.25. Contoh Peta Topografi atau Morfologi............................................. 28

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Gambar 1.26. Besar Kemiringan Lapisan............................................................... 29
Gambar 1.27. Struktur Lipatan................................................................................ 29
Gambar 1.28. Thrust Fault...................................................................................... 30
Gambar 1.29. Normal Fault.................................................................................... 31
Gambar 1.30. Wrench Fault.................................................................................... 31
Gambar 1.31. Buckling............................................................................................ 31
Gambar 1.32. Bending............................................................................................. 32
Gambar 1.33. Similiar Fold.................................................................................... 33
Gambar 1.34. Incompetent Folding......................................................................... 33
Gambar 1.35. Shear Folding................................................................................... 34
Gambar 1.36. Flow Folding.................................................................................... 34
Gambar 2.1. Proyeksi equal angle sebuah bidang................................................... 40
Gambar 2.2. Wulf Net.............................................................................................. 40
Gambar 2.3. Schmidt Net ........................................................................................ 41
Gambar 2.4. Proyeksi Equal Area........................................................................... 41
Gambar 2.5. Proyeksi Orthogonal........................................................................... 42
Gambar 2.6. Proyeksi Kutub................................................................................... 42
Gambar 2.7. Polar Net atau Billings Net................................................................. 43
Gambar 2.8. Shear Joint di Lapangan..................................................................... 44
Gambar 2.9. Tensional joint di lapangan................................................................. 45
Gambar 2.10. Diagram Blok Sesar Mendatar Dekstral........................................... 46
Gambar 2.11. Diagram Blok Sesar Mendatar Sinistral........................................... 46
Gambar 2.12. Diagram Blok Sesar Normal............................................................ 47
Gambar 2.13. Diagram Blok Sesar Naik................................................................. 47
Gambar 2.14. Mekanisme Buckling dan Bending................................................... 50
Gambar 2.15. Unsur Unsur Lipatan..................................................................... 51
Gambar 2.16. Diagram Blok Antiklin..................................................................... 52
Gambar 2.17. Diagram Blok Sinklin....................................................................... 52
Gambar 2.18. Antiklin dan Sinklin di Lapangan..................................................... 52
Gambar 3.1. Proyeksi Bidang dengan Sumbu Putar............................................... 56

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Gambar 3.2. Pola singkapan lipatan simetri pada daerah dengan topografi datar. . 56
Gambar 3.3. ............................................................................................................ 57

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1. Contoh cara penulisan kemiringan dan arah kemiringan.......................... 8


Tabel 2. Tabel koreksi kemiringan pada penampang.............................................. 25
Tabel 3. Skala Richard............................................................................................ 49
Tabel 4. Penamaan Lipatan (Fluety, 1964).............................................................. 54