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ENGLISH FOR CHEMISTRY

(subject code)

By :

Ni Putu Yudawati 1513031003

Ayu Diah Pradnya Paramesti 1513031017

Ahmad Ferdian 1513031018

CHEMISTRY EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF MATHEMATIC AND NATURAL SCIENCES

UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA

2016
Experiment Procedure

1. Title
Titration of an Acid and a Base.
Acid Base Titration

Title: Determining HCl and H2SO4 Concentration

2. Objectives
To determate (determine) the concentration of HCl and H2SO4 through titration using
phenolphtalein (pp) indicator.

3. Basic Theory
Titration is an analytical procedure in which a solution of unknown
concentration is combined slowly and carefully with a standard solution until the a
color of some indicator change or some other signals show that equivalent quantities
have reacted. Either solution can be the titrant in a buret with the other solution being
in a receiving flask. The end point of titration is the color change of titrant.
Phenolphthalein is a common indicator for titrations. It changes from colorless to pink
when a solution changes from acidic to basic. This color change is very abrupt, and
occurs with the addition of only one final drop of the titrant just as the end of the
reaction is reached. When we observe the color change, the end point has been
reached and the addition of titrant is stopped.
Titration is can used to determate determkine concentration of acid solutions
or base solution. By condition one of the concentration titrant is know. For example in
this reaction:
NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)
To determate concentration NaOH or HCl use the equition:
ekivalent titrant = ekivalent titrate
VNaOH . NNaOH = VHCl . NHCl
VNaOH . MNaOH = VHCl . MHCl
Information:
V is volume, N is normality, and M is molarity.

4. Materials and Equiptments


Materials

No Name of Materials Concentratio Total Volume


. n
1 Sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH) 0,1 M 100 mL

2 Sulfuric acid solution (H2SO4) 0,1 M 30 mL

3 Hydrogen chloride solution (HCl) 0,1 M 30 mL


4 Phenolptalein (pp) - 5 mL
Equiptments

No. Name of Equipments Size Total


1 Burette 50 mL 1 piece
2 Erlenmeyer flask 250 mL 3 pieces
3 Drop pipette - 2 pieces
4 Graduated cylinder 25 mL 1 piece
5 Funnel - 1 piece
6 Beaker 250 mL 1 piece
5. Procedure
1. Plug the appliance as follows.

Picture 1. Titration equiptment

2. Rinse burette with distilled water and make sure the fauncet leaks.
3. Rinse burette with a solution that will be used as titrant. (which solition ...?)
4. Entering the titrant in the burette with a funnel until zero.
5. Add 10 mL titrant in to erlenmeyer.
6. Add 1 to 2 drops of indicator Phenolptalein. Where ...?)
7. Titration is stopped until the color changes are transparent to the titrat e. (this is not
an instruction sentence)
8. Record the volume of titrant.
9. Repeat steps five until eight for three times.
10. Average the volume of titrant used.
11. Calculate the concentration of the unknown. (Which one becomes unknkown?)

6. Data Collection
Titrant volume ...
Titrant concentration ....?

Repetition NaOH Titrant Volume 0,1


(mL)
Titration
Titration HCl (H2SO4)
1
2
3
volume
avarage

Calculation

No gain without pain

7. References
Chang, R. 2005. Kimia Dasar Edisi Ketiga Jilid 2. Jakarta:Erlangga
Subagia, I Wayan dan Suheimi Syaban. 2004. Materi Pratikum Kimia Dasar 1

(KIM 4101). Singaraja: IKIP Singaraja


Jesperen, James E, Braddy (year). Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter.

United States of America: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Experiment Journal
1. Title
Titration of an Acid and a Base.

2. Objectives
To determate concentration of hidrochloric acid through titration with indicator
phenolphtalein (pp).

3. Data Collection.

NaOH Titrant Volume 0,1


(mL)
Repetition
Titration
Titration HCl (..)
1
2
3
volume
avarage

Name of sudent
Singaraja, Mei 2016

(Name of Lecturer)