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Introduction to GPON Technology

QuangND@dasannetworks.com
Nov, 2015

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Contents

Introduction to GPON
DASAN GPON Solutions
VTVCab Service Model

H660W provisioning on Web

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Access Network Characteristics

Full-services: Voice, Data, VoD/IPTV, TDM

Low OAM cost

High Bandwidth

Low power consumption

Less space

Long reach distance

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Access Network Technology: A historical story

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Fiber Access Architecture

There are 2 choices for Fiber Access:

Point-to-point

Point-to-Multipoint

Point to point is sometimes called Active Ethernet (Active Optical Network).

Point to Multi-point is called PON (Passive optical network).

V8240 V2224G-OP

Passive
Splitter(s)

ONT#1: H640GV CPE#3


ONT#2: H640GV ONT#2: H640GV CPE#1 CPE#2

Passive Optical Network Active Optical Network


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What is PON (Passive Optical Network)?

PON is short for Passive Optical Network ;

One-to-multiple-point architecture;

No active electronics in the access network

PON consists of OLT, ONU, and Passive Optical Splitter.

Optical
Network
Terminal
Splitting Device
ONT#1: H640GV

Splitting Device Home

Fiber

ONT#1: H640GV
V8240 Home
Optical
Optical Line Termination Network
Terminal

Optical
Network
Terminal ONT#1: H640GV
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PON advantages

Shared infrastructure
optical transceivers, feeder fiber and transceiver
green-field per customer cost similar to UTP
Passive splitters
Install anywhere, no power needed
Fiber data-rates can be upgraded as technology improves
now 2.4 Gbps
soon 10Gbps

V8240 V2224G-OP

Passive
Splitter(s)

ONT#1: H640GV CPE#3


ONT#2: H640GV ONT#2: H640GV CPE#1 CPE#2

Passive Optical Network Active Optical Network


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PON Standards XG-PON
10 Gbps 10G-EPON

Downstream

2.5 Gbps

GPON
1.25 Gbps EPON
BPON
622 Mbps

155 Mbps

155 622 1.25 2.5 10


Mbps Mbps Gbps Gbps Gbps
Upstream

Types of PON Downstream Upstream


BPON Broadband PON 622 Mbps 155 Mbps
EPON Ethernet PON 1.25 Gbps 1.25 Gbps
GPON Gigabit PON 2.5 Gbps 1.25 Gbps
10G-EPON 10 Gbps EPON 10 Gbps 1.25/10 Gbps
WDM-PON Wavelength division multiplexed PON 1 wavelength per premises 1 wavelength per premises
XG-PON 10 Gigabit PON 10Gbps 2.5/10 Gbps 8/44
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GPON Standards

ITU-T G.984.1 ITU-T G.984.2


Specifications of ODN parameters
Parameter description of GPON network
Specifications of 2.488Gbps downstream optical port
Requirements of protection switch-over networking
Specifications of 1.244Gbps upstream optical port
Overhead allocation at physical layer

Simple development process


Powerful compatibility

ITU-T G-984.1/2/3/4
ITU-T G.984.3
Specifications of TC layer in the GPON system
GTC multiplexing architecture and protocol stack ITU-T G.984.4
GTC frame OMCI message format
ONU registration and activation OMCI device management frame
DBA specifications OMCI working principle
Alarms and performance

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GPON Benefits

Supports Gigabit or above data rates on the PON


Optimizes the physical layer for
Higher data rates for BW intensive applications (e.g. IP Video)
Greater Distance reach more customers from the CO
More Splits Reach more customers from a single PON
Offers a more bandwidth efficient protocol for data centric
services
Support multiple services in their native formats.
ATM
Packet (e.g. Ethernet)
TDM

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GPON Terminology

Upstream

Downstream

Optical Distribution Network

Service
Node
Interface User
Network
Splitter Interface

Optical
Line Optical Terminal
Service Terminal Network Equipment
Network Units

Optical Access Network

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GPON System Architecture [1/2]

SFU

DASAN INAS
G - Light

Residential

GigE

IP 2. 4 MDU
1. 2 G - Light

10 GigE GPON Splitters


1: 8
1: 32
GigE 1: 64

TDMoP SBU
GW
G - Light

TDM : STM- 1, E 1,
Business

TDM
MTU
G - Light

OLT ODN ONUs/ONTs


MTU Multi Tenat Unit
SBU Small Bussiness Unit
MDU Multi-Dwelling Unit - apartment buildings
SFU Single Family Unit
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GPON System Architecture [2/2]

Long reach (up to 60km logically)


Maximum distance gap : 20 km

Shared Fiber
Two wavelength for each direction

64 Users (up to 128 users)

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GPON Principles

OLT and ONU consist of


Layer 2 (Ethernet MAC, ATM adapter, etc.)
Optical transceiver using different for transmit and receive
optionally : Wavelength Division Multiplexer
Downstream transmission
OLT broadcasts data downstream to all ONUs in ODN
ONU captures data destined for its address, discards all other data
encryption needed to ensure privacy
Upstream transmission
ONUs share bandwidth using Time Division Multiple Access
OLT manages the ONU timeslots
Ranging is performed to determine ONU-OLT propagation time
Additional functionality
Physical Layer OAM
Auto-discovery
Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation

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GPON Principle: Data Multiplexing

- Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) technology for bi-direction communication ov


er a single fiber.
1490nm

1310nm

To separate upstream/downstream signals of multiple users over a single fibre, GPON adopts
two multiplexing mechanism:

In downstream direction, data packets are transmitted in a broadcast manner;


In upstream direction, data packets are transmitted in a TDMA manner.

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GPON Principle: Downstream Data

Broadcast mode
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GPON Principle: Upstream Data

TDMA mode
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DASAN GPON Solutions

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Product Portfolio : FTTx G-PON

OLT
V8272
64G-PON + 4x10GE(or 12GE)
SFU(2), SIU(18) V8240 V5848G V5824G V5812G V5806(OUT Door)
40G-PON + 4x10GE + 8GE 16G-PON + 2x10GE + 16GE 8G-PON + 8GE(Combo) 4G-PON + 8GE(Combo) 4G-PON + 2GE
SFU(2), SIU(10), NIU(2) SFU(2), SIU(4), NIU(2) + 2x10GE

V2224G V2224GP V2224G-OP V2216G


24GTX + 2uplink 24GTX + 2uplink, 24GE(SFP) + 2uplink 16GTX + 1uplink
V2808
Pluggable Power
MDU 8TX + 1uplink

V2524G
V2824 V1916GR/V1908RT V1816-R4
20GE(SFP) + 4GE(Combo)
24TX + 2uplink 16GTX + 8 POTS, 8 RT 16TX + 1uplink
+ 2uplink

H640W H640GR H640GP H640GV H640GO H640G


H640RW H640GW
4GE + WiFi 4GE + 2POTS 4GE(802.3at) 4GE + 2POTS 4GE+ 4GE
4GE + 2POTS + 4GE + 2POTS
WiFi + RF Overlay + RF overlay + + BBU I/F USB (Outdoor)
+ WiFi + BBU
+ BBU I/F(Option) I/F(Option) BBU I/F(Option)
ONT

H650 H645G H640SFP H645S H695/H695R/H695RT


H655
2GTX + 2SFP 1GE GPON Stick 2GTX + 1xSTM1 4GE + 2POTS +
4GE
RF Overlay +
RF Return
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DASAN GPON OLT line up

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V8240 OLT

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V8102 OLT

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H660x ONT series

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Tripple-play Service cases

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INAS Integrated Network Administrator System

A comprehensive network management system with an intuitiv


e graphical user interface.
Service providers can optimize network usage, reduce operatin
g costs and implement new services quickly and easily.

INAS EMS Topology

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VTVCab Service Model

lONT provisioning (by ONT web interface)


- NAT/Bridge
- WiFi
- PPPoE/DHCP
- LAN/WAN

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VTVcab Service Model

VLAN Service
200 High Speed Internet - Public IP address
201 High Speed Internet - Private IP address
202 IPTV services
2501 ONT management
2502 OLT management

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ONT provisioning (by ONT Web interface)

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H660DW: Connect to Web

- Connect ONT via LAN or Wifi


- SSID: VTVCAB_MAC_Add
- Wifi Pass: vtvcab123#
- IP address: 192.168.55.1
- Login: admin/vertex25

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H660DW: Check System status of H660DW

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H660DW: Configure WAN interface
Configure WAN interface:
NAT: Dynamic IP address/Static IP address/PPPoE
Bridge: Bridge

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H660DW: Configure Bridge Mode (1)

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H660DW: Configure Bridge Mode (2)

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H660DW: LAN configuration

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H660DW: Wifi Basic

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H660DW: Wifi Check Current Wireless Users

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H660DW: Port Forwarding

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H660DW: dynamic DNS for IP Camera

Internet

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Check DHCP lease

- IP address of devices are connecting to ONT by DHCP

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H660DW: Configure Login Password

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H660DW: Save configuration, and Reboot

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