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pcb (silkscreen, soldermask,copper, substrate FR4 fiber glass)

pcb thikness
SparkFun products is 1.6mm (0.063")
LilyPad boards and Arudino Pro Micro boards- use a .8mm thick board.

Pad - a portion of exposed metal on the surface of a board to which a


component is soldered
Plated through hole - a hole on a board which has an annular ring and
which is plated all the way through the board. May be a connection
point for a through hole component, a via to pass a signal through,
or a mounting hole.
Silkscreen - the letters, number, symbols and imagery on a circuit board.
Usually only one color is available, and resolution is usually fairly low
Reflow - melting the solder to create joints between pads and component leads.
Soldermask - a layer of protective material laid over the metal to prevent
short circuits, corrosion, and other problems. Frequently green, although
other colors (SparkFun red, Arduino blue, or Apple black) are possible.
Occasionally referred to as resist.
Surface mount - construction method which allows components to be simply
set on a board, not requiring that leads pass through holes in the board.
This is the dominant method of assembly in use today, and allows boards to
be populated quickly and easily.
Trace - a continuous path of copper on a circuit board.
Via - a hole in a board used to pass a signal from one layer to another.
Tented vias are covered by soldermask to protect them from being soldered
to. Vias where connectors and components are to be attached are often
untented (uncovered) so that they can be easily soldered.

Type of material: (FR4, High Tg. RO-4350, Polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon))

the most commonly used material for Printed Circuit Boards (PCB)?
FR-4(The material is known to retain its high mechanical values and
electrical insulating qualities in both dry and humid conditions.)

three techniques for printed circuit board soldering:


Hand, Wave, Reflow

Most commonly used lamination material for a Flexible PCB is Polyimide.


next polyester

Drill Layer:this layer will contain the holes for thru-hole pads and vias
Hole Layer: this layer will contain the mounting holes
Milling Layer:this layer will contain the cutouts on the board.

Parts description:
1.Solder Mask is a layer in a PCB that covers the top and the bottom layers.
It is usually colored green. It protects the PCB from oxidation and from
accidental solder bridging. It is the sheet covering the whole PCB.
It has holes just enough for the pads or drill holes to be visible and
possible connections.
2.Footprints are the equivalent of the electronic parts in pcb which
composed of pads where you place your parts on the board.
3.Layers are literally the layers of the PCB.
4.Traces are the copper/conductor connections of the pads/vias of the
footprints.
5.Vias are the drill holes that connects the traces at the top layer to the
bottom or in any other layers.
6.Silkscreens are the white-colored indicators written all over the PCB.
It is not conductive.
The list below are the designators commonly used for the given
electronic symbols:
Resistor = R
Inductor = L
Capacitor = C
Fuse = F
LED = D
Connector = J
Switch = S
Transistor = Q
Relay = K
Integrated Circuit = U

Here are a few layout design rules that will help you reduce the
ESD risks on your next design.

-Avoid running critical signals next to the edge of the board.


-Design ground discharge locations near connectors, switches,
or other areas exposed to human touch.
-Minimize routing lengths.
-Minimize current loop areas formed by power and ground.
-Fill ground or power in unused areas of the PCB.
-Use guard traces next to long PCB signal routes.
-Reduce parallel paths between interconnects on the printed circuit board.

you can offer that will reduce EMI?


Avoide Slots or openings in your planes
Keep power plane routes low impedance
Keep High Frequency Signal Paths as short as possible.
Include planes whenever possible.
Avoid long stubs
Do not make loops with signals.
Do not leave floating metal on the pcb.

Term Meaning
Thou A thou is a thousandth of an inch and equivalent to a mil.
Mil A mil is a thousandth of an inch and equivalent to a thou.
mm mm is short for millimeter, a thousandth of a meter.
ESD Electrostatic discharge caused by static electricity.
Trace A path made of copper on a PCB. It is used in the same manner as
electrical wires, to connect the components of a board.
Via A hole with copper inside to provide electrical connection between
a trace on one layer to a trace on a different layer of the PCB.
Pad Pads are used to solder surface mount devices to the board.
Annular Ring The annular ring is the area that is left of a pad after a hole
has been drilled in it. For example to make a solder pad for a PTH component.
Silkscreen Markings of component names, values and outlines on a PCB for
simpler assembly and debugging. Usually white.
Solder Mask or
Solder Resist A substance that solder wont stick to. Used to make sure traces
are insulated electrically and physically. This is usually applied to
the whole board except from where there are pads to be soldered.
Surface Finish A layer on top of pads to prevent the copper layer from
oxidation.
Gerber File A file in the Gerber Format that is used as a universal way of
telling manufacturers how to create your board.
Through-hole
Components Components that have leads which go through the board and are
soldered on the other side.

Surface Mount
Devices (SMD) Components that are soldered on pads on the surface of your PCB
instead of through holes.
Panelizing Manufacturers often create one huge PCB with many identical board
designs on it. The huge PCB is then cut into individual boards.
This is called panelizing.
Single-sided PCB A PCB with traces and pads only on one side of the board.
Double-sided PCB A PCB with traces and pads on both sides of the board.
Multi-layer PCB A PCB with traces and pads on both sides of the board in addition to
traces on layers within the board itself.
PCBA Some companies offer Printed Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA). This
basically means that they solder the components to your board for you.
FR-4 Substrate The most commonly used material for creating PCBs.
RoHS Restriction of Hazardous Substances. A European law intended to
protect the environment.

Gerber File Extension


Bottom Copper GBL
Bottom Silkscreen GBO
Bottom Soldermask GBS
Top Copper GTL
Top Silkscreen GTO
Top Soldermask GTS
Drill File TXT
Drill Station Info File dri
Photoplotter Info File gpi
Mill Layer GML
Top Paste GTP
Five workshops related to literature, performing, visual arts and dance to impart
training the students have been planned for the NITRUTSAV-2016 are mentioned
below:

Sl. Particulars (INR)


No.
1. Contemporary and KP dance workshop by Mr. 20,000
Gourav Katendra and
2. Sand art workshop by international repute
artist
3. Painting workshop
4. 3D art painting workshop by Ashish Pandey 1,40,000
5. Self Defence workshop by NIT Rourkela 8,000
Students
6. Craft and quilling workshop by Linkan Patra 25,000
7. Cooking Workshop by Chef's club

Quiz Master for quiz events INR 10,000


Laser Tag fun event INR
40,000
Judge for Fashionista event INR 50,000
DJ Night INR 1,75,000
Event Requirements INR
80,000

TOTAL: INR

Approval may be given for conducting the above workshop and events from 5 th-
7th February, 2016 during NITRUTSAV-2016. Since all above services are to be
procured from individual sources approved may kindly be accorded to skip
placement of purchase order.

Further there is acute shortage of time to follow routine purchase procedure.


Hence you are requested to kindly approve direct payment to the above
beneficiaries.

SAS OFFICER VICE-PRESIDENT


PRESIDENT
Lit. & Cul. Society
SAC
DEAN (SW)

To
The Dean
Student Welfare
NIT, Rourkela

20/04/2016

Sub: Leave for NITRUTSAV Graffiti (SAC Leave)


Sir,
With due respect I would like to state that the following students (Members of Chitraang Club) may
be granted leave for the NITRUTSAV 2016 graffiti on 04/02/2016
and 05/02/2016 as per the agreement at SAC dated 03/02/2016.
Leave dates: 4th February 2016, 5th February 2016

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113ec0200
113ei0301
113ei0304
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713ec2059
114bm0626
114ce0053
114ce0540
114ee0149
114ee0441
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115mm0490
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Hope you kindly consider this and grant the permission.


Thank you.

Yours sincerely,
SOVANA ROUT(113EI0301)
President(Chitraang Club)
B.TECH
ELECTRONICS & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING