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Chemistry 103, Exam 2 Review Questions

1. Identify the correct net ionic equation for the reaction that occurs when solutions of Ba(ClO4)2 and
K2SO4 are mixed.
a. Ba2+(aq) + SO42-(aq) BaSO4(s)
b. 2K+(aq) + 2 ClO4-(aq) K2(ClO4)2(s)
c. K+(aq) + ClO4-(aq) KClO4(s)
d. Ba(ClO4)2(aq) + K2SO4(aq) BaSO4(s) + 2 KClO4(s)
e. Ba2+(aq) + K+(aq) + SO42-(aq) KBaSO4(s)

2. Identify the correct net ionic equation for the reaction that occurs when solutions of HClO4 and
Ba(OH)2 are mixed.
a. H+(aq) + 2OH-(aq) H2O(l)
b. H+(aq) + OH-(aq) H2O(l)
c. 2 HClO4(aq) + Ba(OH)2(s) 2 H2O(l) + Ba(ClO4)2(aq)
d. 2 HClO4(aq) + Ba(OH)2(s) 2 H2O(l) + Ba(ClO4)2(s)
e. 2 H+(aq) + Ba(OH)2(s) 2H2O(l) + Ba2+(aq)

3. The oxidation number of S in K2SO4 is


a.+6
b.+4
c.+2
d.1
e.None of the above.

4. For the chlorate ion, ClO3- , what are the oxidation states of the Cl and O, respectively?
a.1, 2
b.+5, 2
c.+6, 2
d.+7, 2
e.+2, 1
f.
5. For which one of the following acids is chlorine in the +5 oxidation state?
a.HCl
b.HClO
c.HClO2
d.HClO3
e.HClO4
g.
6. Using the redox reaction below determine which element is oxidized and which is reduced.
h. 4NH3(aq) + 3Ca(ClO)2(aq) 2N2(g) + 6H2O(l) + 3CaCl2(aq)
a. H is oxidized and N is reduced
b. N is oxidized and Cl is reduced
c. N is oxidized and O is reduced
d. Cl is oxidized and O is reduced
e. Cl is oxidized and N is reduced
i.
7. In the following chemical reaction the oxidizing agent is
j. 5 S(s) + 6 KNO3(aq) + 2 CaCO3(s) 3 K2SO4(aq) + 2 CaSO4(aq) + CO2(g) + 3
N2(g)
a.S
b.N2
c.KNO3
d.CaSO4
e.CaCO3
k.
8. How many total electrons are transferred in the following reaction?
l. B2H6(g) + 3O2(g) 23(s) + 3H2O(l)
a.2
b.3
c.4
d.6
e.12
m.
9. Which of the following equations does not represent an oxidation-reduction reaction?
a. 3 Al(s) + 6 HCl(aq) 3 H2(g) + AlCl3(aq)
b. 2 H2O(l) 2 H2(g) + O2(g)
c. 2 NaCl(aq) + Pb(NO3)2(aq) PbCl2(s) + 3 NaNO3(aq)
d. 2 NaI(aq) + Br2(l) 2 NaBr(aq) + I2(s)
e. Cu(NO3)2(aq) + Zn(s) Zn(NO3)2(aq) + Cu(s)
n.
10. What mass of C12H22O11 (sucrose) is needed to prepare 255 mL of a 0.570 M solution of sucrose in
water?
a.49.8 g
b.145 g
c.153 g
d.0.145 g
e.447 g
o.
11. 35.0 mL of 0.255 M nitric acid is added to 45.0 mL of 0.328 M Mg(NO3)2. What is the
concentration of nitrate ion in the final solution?
a.0.481 M
b.0.296 M
c.0.854 M
d.1.10 M
e.0.0295 M
p.
12. Aluminum metal has a specific heat of 0.900 J/gC. Calculate the amount of heat required to raise
the temperature of 10.5 moles of Al from 30.5 C to 225C.
a.1.84 kJ
b.2.41 kJ
c.65.1 kJ
d.49.6 kJ
e.57.3 kJ
q.
13. Three separate 3.5g blocks of Al, Cu, and Fe at 25 C each absorb 0.505 kJ of heat. Which block
reaches the highest temperature? The specific heats of Al, Cu, and Fe are 0.900 J/gC, 0.385J/gC,
and 0.444 J/gC, respectively.
a.Al
b.Cu
c.Fe
d.Al and Cu
e.Fe and Cu
r.
14. A 135 g sample of H2O at 85 C is cooled. The water loses a total of 15 kJ of energy in the cooling
process. What is the final temperature of the water? The specific heat of water is 4.184 J/gC.
a.27 C
b.58 C
c.70 C
d.84 C
e.112 C
f.
15. A 100. mL sample of 0.200 M aqueous hydrochloric acid is added to 100. mL of 0.200 M aqueous
ammonia in a calorimeter whose heat capacity (excluding any water) is 480. J/K. The following
reaction occurs when the two solutions are mixed.
g. HCl(aq) + NH3(aq) NH4Cl(aq)
h. The temperature increase is 2.34C. Calculate H per mole of HCl and NH3 reacted.
a. 154 kJ/mol d. 154 kJ/mol
b. 1.96 kJ/mol e. 485 kJ/mol
c. 1.96 kJ/mol
f.
16. The reaction that represents the standard enthalpy of formation for benzene (C6H6) is:
a. 6 C(diamond) + 3 H2(g) C6H6(l)
b. 6 C(graphite) + 6 H(g) C6H6(l)
c. C6H6(l) + 15/2 O2(g) 6 CO2(g) + 3 H2O(g)
d. 6 C(graphite) + 3 H2(g) C6H6(l)
e. C6H6(l) 6 C(graphite) + 3 H2(g)
g.
17. Which of the following has a Hf = 0 kJ/mol?
a.CO2(g)
b.O3(g)
c.Cl-(aq)
d.NH3(aq)
e.I2(s)
h.
18. Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation of liquid methanol, CH3OH(l), using the following
information:
i. C(graphite) + O2 CO2(g) j. H = 393.5 kJ/mol
k. H2(g) + (1/2)O2 H2O(l) l. H = 285.8 kJ/mol
m. CH3OH(l) + (3/2)O2(g) CO2(g) + n. H = 726.4 kJ/mol
2H2O(l)
o.
a. 1,691.5 kJ/mol d. 47.1 kJ/mol
b. 238.7 kJ/mol e. 1691.5 kJ/mol
c. 47.1 kJ/mol
19. Given the thermochemical equation 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g), Hrxn= 198 kJ/mol, how much
heat is evolved when 600. g of SO2 is burned?
a. 5.46 102 kJ
b. 928 kJ
c. 1.85 103 kJ
d. 3.71 103 kJ
e. 59,400 kJ
f.
g. 12. What is the energy in joules of one photon of microwave radiation with a wavelength
0.122 m? (c = 2.9979 108 m/s; h = 6.626 1034 Js)
a. 2.70 1043 J
b. 5.43 1033 J
c. 1.63 1024 J
d. 4.07 1010 J
e.2.46 109 J
h.
20. What is the binding energy (in J/mol or kJ/mol) of an electron in a metal whose threshold frequency
for photoelectrons is 2.50 1014 /s?
a. 2.75 1043 J/mol
b. 1.66 1019 J/mol
c. 1.20 106 J/mol
d. 99.7 kJ/mol
e. 7.22 1017 kJ/mol
i.
21. Calculate the wavelength, in nanometers, of the light emitted by a hydrogen atom when its electron
falls from the n = 7 to the n = 4 principal energy level. Recall that the energy levels of the H atom
are given by: En = 2.18 1018 J(1/n2)
20
a. 9.18 10 nm
b. 4.45 1020 nm
c. 2.16 106 nm
d. 2.16 103 nm
e. 1.38 1014 nm
j.
22. In an electron microscope, electrons are accelerated to great velocities. Calculate the wavelength of
an electron traveling with a velocity of 7.0 103 kilometers per second. The mass of an electron is
9.1 1028 g.
a.1.0 1013 m
b.1.0 1010 m
c.1.0 107 m
d.1.0 m
k.
23. Which one of the following sets of quantum numbers is not
possible?
a.A
b.B
c.C
d.D
e.E
l.
24. A possible set of quantum numbers to describe an electron in a 3d subshell is
a. n = 3, l = 0, ml = 0 , ms = +1/2
b. n = 3, l = 1, ml = 0, ms = - 1/2
c. n = 3, l = 2, ml = 1, ms = +1/2
d. n = 3, l = 3, ml = 1, ms = - 1/2
e. n = 2, l = 0, ml = 0, ms = +1/2
m.
25. The orbital diagram for a ground-state oxygen atom is
a.A
b.B
c.C
d.D
e.E
n.
26. A ground-state atom of manganese has ___ unpaired
electrons and is _____.
a. 0, diamagnetic
b. 2, diamagnetic
c. 3, paramagnetic
d. 5, paramagnetic
e. 7, paramagnetic
o.
27. Which of the following is the electron configuration of the iron (III) ion?
a.[Ar]3d5
b.[Ar]4s13d5
c.[Ar]4s23d3
d.[Ar]3d6
e.[Ar]4s23d9
p.
28. Consider the element with the electron configuration [Kr]5s24d7. This element is
a. a representative element.
b. a transition metal.
c. a nonmetal.
d. an actinide element.
e. a noble gas.
q.
29. Which of the following make an isoelectronic pair: Cl, O2, F, Ca2+, Fe3+?
a. Ca2+ and Fe3+
b. O2 and F
c. F and Cl
d.
Cl and Ca2+
e. None of the above.
r.
30. Which of the following ground-state ions has the largest number of unpaired electrons?
a. Cr2+
b. Mn2+
c. Ni2+
d. Cu+
e. Co2+
31. Arrange the following ions in order of increasing ionic radius: K+, P3 , S2, Cl.
s. increasing radius
a. K+ < Cl < S2 < P3
b. K+ < P3 < S2 < Cl
c.
P3 < S2 < Cl < K+
d. Cl < S2 < P3 < K+
e. Cl < S2 < K+ < P3

32. Which of the elements listed below has the smallest first ionization energy?

a. C

b. Ge

c. P

d. O

e. Se

t.
33. Which of the following elements has the greatest electron affinity?
a.K
b.Br
c.As
d.Ar
e.I
u.
34. Which of the following elements behaves chemically similarly to oxygen?
a.Magnesium
b.Sodium
c.Sulfur
d.Chlorine
e.Iron
f.Beryllium
v.