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to the presence of hydrogen.

The technical name for this type of cracking is


hydrogen induced cold cracking (HICC) but it is often referred to by other
names that describe various characteristics of hydrogen cracks:
Cold cracking Cracks occur when the weld has cooled down.
HAZ cracking Cracks tend to occur mainly in the HAZ.
Delayed cracking Cracks may occur some time after welding has
finished (possibly up to ~72h).
Underbead cracking Cracks occur in the HAZ beneath a weld bead.
Although most hydrogen cracks occur in the HAZ, there are circumstances
when they may form in weld metal.
Figure