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DAFTAR ISI

Sari..................................................................................................................... v
Abstract............................................................................................................. vi
Prakata............................................................................................................... vii
Daftar Isi............................................................................................................ ix
Daftar Tabel....................................................................................................... xiv
Daftar Gambar................................................................................................... xviii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN................................................................................ 1

1.1 Latar Belakang Penelitian............................................................................ 1


1.2 Perumusan Masalah..................................................................................... 3
1.3 Maksud dan Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................... 3
1.4 Lokasi Penelitian......................................................................................... 3
1.5 Waktu Penelitian.......................................................................................... 4
1.6 Kegunaan Penelitian.................................................................................... 4

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA..................................................................... 6

2.1 Geologi Regional Cekungan Asri................................................................ 6


2.1.1 Struktur Geologi dan Tektonik Cekungan Asri..................................... 7
2.1.2 Stratigrafi Cekungan Asri...................................................................... 13
2.1.3 Petroleum System Cekungan Asri......................................................... 17
2.2 Teori Dasar.................................................................................................. 21
2.2.1 Konsep Dasar Geokimia Minyak Bumi................................................. 21
2.2.2 Tinjauan Material Organik dan Kerogen............................................... 21
2.2.3 Batuan Induk.......................................................................................... 34
2.2.4 Komposisi Kimia Petroleum................................................................. 36
2.2.5 Korelasi Geokimia Batuan Induk dan Hidrokarbon.............................. 38
2.2.6 Biomarker.............................................................................................. 41

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2.2.6.1 Alkana Normal............................................................................. 42
2.2.6.2 Isoprenoid..................................................................................... 42
2.2.6.3 Triterpana (m/z 191).................................................................... 43
2.2.6.4 Sterana (m/z 217)......................................................................... 46
2.2.6.5 Aplikasi Biomarker dalam Eksplorasi Minyak dan Gas Bumi..... 47
2.2.7 Isotop Karbon......................................................................................... 48
2.2.7.1 Aplikasi Isotop Karbon dalam Eksplorasi Minyak bumi dan
Gas............................................................................................... 48
2.2.8 Migrasi................................................................................................... 49
2.2.8.1 Migrasi Primer.............................................................................. 50
2.2.8.2 Migrasi Sekunder.......................................................................... 51
2.2.9 Volume Hidrokarbon dalam Batuan Induk............................................ 51

BAB III METODE PENELITIAN................................................................. 53

3.1 Tahap Persiapan Penelitian.......................................................................... 53


3.2 Tahap Pelaksanaan Penelitian...................................................................... 54
3.2.1 Karakteristik Batuan Induk.................................................................... 56
3.2.1.1 Analisis Kuantitas Material Organik................................................ 56
3.2.1.2 Analisis Kualitas Material Organik.................................................. 57
3.2.1.3 Penentuan Kematangan Material Organik....................................... 58
3.2.1.3.1 Analisis Pemantulan Vitrinite.................................................... 58
3.2.1.3.2 Analisis Tmax pada Rock-Eval Pyrolisis................................... 59
3.2.1.3.3 Analisis Penentuan Carbon Preference Index (CPI).................. 59
3.2.1.4 Penentuan Asal Material Organik.................................................... 60
3.2.1.4.1 Analisis Kromatografi Gas (GC)............................................... 60
3.2.1.4.2 Analisis Isotop Karbon............................................................... 61
3.2.2 Karakteristik Minyak Bumi................................................................... 61
3.2.2.1 Analisis Sifat Fisik Minyak Bumi.................................................... 61
3.2.2.2 Analisis Biomarker.......................................................................... 62
3.2.2.3 Analisis Isotop Karbon..................................................................... 63

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3.2.3 Subsurface Imaging................................................................................ 64
3.2.4 Korelasi batuan induk dengan minyak bumi......................................... 65
3.3 Tahap Penyusunan Laporan......................................................................... 66
3.4 Analisis Data................................................................................................ 66
3.4.1 Parameter dalam Rock-Eval Pyrolisis.................................................... 66
3.4.2 Parameter kematangan........................................................................... 68
3.4.3 Parameter dalam Gas Chromatography (GC)........................................ 70
3.4.4 Parameter dalam Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry (GC-MS).. 71
3.4.5 Parameter Isotop Karbon....................................................................... 73

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN................................ 75

4.1 Karakteristik Batuan Induk.......................................................................... 75


4.1.1 Sumur Hariet-1.................................................................................... 76
4.1.1.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 78
4.1.1.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 80
4.1.1.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 82
4.1.1.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 85
4.1.1.4.1 Analisa Gas Chromatogaphy (GC)... 85
4.1.1.4.2 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS).. 87
4.1.2 Sumur Hariet-2 ................................................................................... 91
4.1.2.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 92
4.1.2.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 94
4.1.2.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 95
4.1.2.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 97
4.1.2.4.1 Analisa Gas Chromatogaphy (GC). 98
4.1.2.4.2 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS).. 101
4.1.3 Sumur Esi-1 ........................................................................................ 102
4.1.3.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 103
4.1.3.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 105
4.1.3.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 107

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4.1.3.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 110
4.1.3.4.1 Analisa Gas Chromatogaphy (GC).. 110
4.1.3.4.2 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS).. 113
4.1.4 Sumur Widuri-1 ................................................................................. 115
4.1.4.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 116
4.1.4.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 118
4.1.4.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 120
4.1.4.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 121
4.1.4.4.1 Analisa Gas Chromatogaphy (GC). 122
4.1.4.4.2 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS).. 123
4.1.5 Sumur Dewi South-1 .......................................................................... 125
4.1.5.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 126
4.1.5.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 128
4.1.5.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 130
4.1.5.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 131
4.1.6 Sumur Gaby-1 .................................................................................... 132
4.1.6.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 133
4.1.6.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 135
4.1.6.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 137
4.1.6.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 139
4.1.7 Sumur Taskia-1 .................................................................................. 141
4.1.7.1 Kuantitas Hidrokarbon.................................................................. 141
4.1.7.2 Kualitas Material Organik............................................................. 143
4.1.7.3 Kematangan Material Organik...................................................... 145
4.1.7.4 Asal Material dan Lingkungan Pengendapan............................... 147
4.1.7.4.1 Analisa Gas Chromatogaphy (GC). 147
4.1.7.4.2 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS).. 149
4.2 Karakteristik Minyak Bumi......................................................................... 154
4.2.1 Sumur Aryani-1...................................................................................... 154
4.2.1.1 Karakteristik Fisik............................................................................ 154
4.2.1.2 Analisa Gas Chromatography (GC)................................................. 156

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4.2.1.3 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS)............... 159
4.2.1.4 Isotope Carbon................................................................................. 162
4.2.2 Sumur Chesy-1....................................................................................... 163
4.2.2.1 Karakteristik Fisik............................................................................ 163
4.2.2.2 Analisa Gas Chromatography (GC)................................................. 165
4.2.2.3 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS)............... 167
4.2.2.4 Isotope Carbon................................................................................. 168
4.2.3 Sumur Hana-1........................................................................................ 169
4.2.3.1 Karakteristik Fisik............................................................................ 169
4.2.3.2 Analisa Gas Chromatography (GC)................................................. 170
4.2.3.3 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS)............... 173
4.2.3.4 Isotope Carbon................................................................................. 176
4.2.4 Sumur Intan-8........................................................................................ 177
4.2.4.1 Karakteristik Fisik............................................................................ 177
4.2.4.2 Analisa Gas Chromatography (GC)................................................. 179
4.2.4.3 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS)............... 181
4.2.4.4 Isotope Carbon................................................................................. 185
4.2.5 Sumur Taskia-1...................................................................................... 186
4.2.5.1 Karakteristik Fisik............................................................................ 186
4.2.5.2 Analisa Gas Chromatography (GC)................................................. 187
4.2.5.3 Analisa Kromatografi Gas-Spektometri Massa (GC-MS)............... 189
4.2.5.4 Isotope Carbon................................................................................. 193
4.3 Pengelompokan Minyak Bumi (Oil-Oil Correlation)............................... 194
4.3.1 Pengelompokan Minyak Bumi berdasarkan Bulk Properties............. 194
4.3.2 Pengelompokan Minyak Bumi berdasarkan Mollecular 196
Properties.... 203
4.4 Hubungan Batuan Induk dengan Minyak Bumi....................................... 212
4.5 Peta Potensial dan Kematangan Hidrokarbon........................................... 219
4.6 Sejarah Pemendaman Sumur Hariet-2...................................................... 220
4.7 Perhitungan Cadangan Hidrokarbon Yang Terperangkap........................
224

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BAB V KESIMPULAN................................................... 226
DAFTAR PUSTAKA.......................................................................................

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