Anda di halaman 1dari 16

CASE STORY

GERMAN OIL REFINERY SANDVIK SAF 2707 HD


GERMAN OIL REFINERY
THE CHALLENGE
A GERMAN OIL REFINERY EXPERIENCED
CORROSION PROBLEMS IN THE OVERHEAD
CONDENSATION UNIT OF ITS CRUDE OIL
DISTILLATION COLUMN.
2 SHUTDOWNS/ YEAR TO REPLACE THE
CARBON STEEL BUNDLE.

THE OIL REFINERY GOAL WAS TO INCREASE


THE TUBE LIFE TIME IN ORDER TO MEET A
STANDARD 4 YEAR INSPECTION INTERVAL
FOR THE DISTILLATION COLUMN.

PLAY THE FILM


GERMAN OIL REFINERY
WORKING CONDITIONS
TUBE SIDE SHELL SIDE

TUBE SIDE: Crude Oil


Inlet: 50-60C Inlet: 120-125C
Outlet: 85-90C Outlet: 85-90C

Inlet: 50-60C / Outlet: 85-90C


SHELL SIDE: Atmospheric overhead (gasoline)
Inlet: 120-125C / Outlet: 85-90C
PH VALUE: 4.9 5.1
CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION < 10 ppm
IMPURITIES: FeS

PH VALUE
4.9 5.1
CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION
< 10 ppm
3
IMPURITIES
FeS
GERMAN OIL REFINERY
WORKING CONDITIONS
CARBON STEEL TUBES
CARBON STEEL TUBES Dimension
19.05 x 2.77mm

Dimension: 19.05 x 2.77mm


Fail after 5-7 months due to pitting
under deposit corrosion.
2 SHUTDOWNS PER YEAR
which leads to a big loss in production.
THE BUNDLE IS MONITORED WEEKLY
to avoid any unexpected shutdown.

2 SHUTDOWNS PER YEAR THE


BUNDLE IS MONITORED
WEEKLY
4
THE SOLUTION
THE SOLUTION
SANDVIK SAF 2707 HD

RECOMMENDATION OF HYPERDUPLEX
Sandvik SAF2707 HD TUBES
UNS S32707 / EN 1.4658
GOOD RESISTANCE TO CHLORIDE AND SCC
AS PITTING CORROSION IS THE REASON OF TUBE FAILURE
HIGH MECHANICAL STRENGTH AND CORROSION RESISTANCE
TUBE WALL THICKNESS REDUCED FROM 2.77mm TO 1.65mm
THERMAL EXPANSION
20-100 C

7
THE RESULTS
SANDVIK SAF2707 HD
AFTER 6 MONTHS
Slight corrosion erosion on upper tubes
Approximately 10% of tube wall thickness

Bundle got cleaned, eddy


current & hydro-tested
No failures

HX was closed with no changes to run up


to 4 years

9
SANDVIK SAF2707 HD
AFTER 4 YEARS

BEFORE CLEANING AFTER CLEANING


10
SANDVIK SAF2707 HD
AFTER 4 YEARS
SLIGHT CORROSION EROSION ON UPPER TUBES
APPROXIMATELY 10% OF TUBE WALL THICKNESS

NO FURTHER CORROSION CRACKS AFTER 4 YEARS

11
COST SAVINGS
SANDVIK SAF2707 HD AFTER 4 YEARS

12
255,000 REDUCTION FROM

EURO 8 TO 1
SHUTDOWNS IN 4 YEARS

TOTAL SAVING
ONLY PRE-MATERIAL
AND SHUTDOWN COSTS
13
SANDVIK SAF2707 HD
NACE MR0103-2012

14
SANDVIK SAF2707 HD
STANDARDS
UNS32707 / EN 1.4658 / ASTM A789 / ASTM A790
EN 10088-1 (List of Stainless Steel)
To be added in the updated version 2014
EN 10088-3 (Bar and Wire Products)
To be added in the updated version 2014
ISO 16143-3 (Bar and Wire Products)
To be added in the updated version 2014

15
WWW.SMT.SANDVIK.COM