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RENR5435 - 330C Excavator Hydraulic System - 01/10/2004

TESTING AND ADJUSTING


(CYA,HAA, MCA, JAB, KDD, GAG, RBH, BTM, GKX, DKY)
General Testing and Adjusting Information 01/10/2004
Visual Inspection 01/10/2004
Hydraulic System Pressure - Release 01/10/2004
Release Of Hydraulic Pressure From A Single Hydraulic Circuit 01/10/2004
Release Of Hydraulic Pressure From Multiple Hydraulic Circuits 01/10/2004
Main Hydraulic Pump Air - Purge 01/10/2004
Operational Checks 01/10/2004
Engine Performance - Test - Engine Speed 01/10/2004
Travel on Level Ground - Test 01/10/2004
Travel on Level Ground - Test - Optional Test 01/10/2004
Machine Drift on a Slope - Check 01/10/2004
Swing Speed and Overswing on Level Ground - Check 01/10/2004
Swing Speed and Swing Drift on a Slope - Check 01/10/2004
Cylinder Drift - Check - Loaded Bucket 01/10/2004
Cylinder Drift - Check - Empty Bucket 01/10/2004
Cylinder Speed - Check 01/10/2004
Relief Valve (Pilot) - Test and Adjust 01/10/2004
Accumulator (Pilot) - Test and Charge 01/10/2004
Testing and Charging the Pilot System Accumulators 01/10/2004
Relief Valve (Main) - Test and Adjust 01/10/2004
Temporary Setting of the Main Relief Valve 01/10/2004
Relief Valve (Line) - Test and Adjust 01/10/2004
Test 01/10/2004
Adjustment (Boom Cylinders) 01/10/2004
Adjustment (Stick Cylinder) 01/10/2004
Adjustment (Bucket Cylinder) 01/10/2004
Swing Motor - Test - Measurement of Case Drain Oil 01/10/2004
Relief Valve (Swing) - Test and Adjust 01/10/2004
Swing Bearing Movement - Measure 01/10/2004
Procedure To Measure Vertical Movement Of The Swing Bearing 01/10/2004
Procedure To Measure Circular Movement Of The Swing Bearing 01/10/2004
Fan Motor (Hydraulic Oil Cooler) - Test - Measurement of Case Drain Oil 01/10/2004
Fan Motor Speed (Hydraulic Oil Cooler) - Test and Adjust 01/10/2004
Test 01/10/2004
Adjust 01/10/2004
Travel Motor - Test - Measurement of Case Drain Oil 01/10/2004
Relief Valve (Crossover) - Test and Adjust 01/10/2004
Main Pump (Flow) - Test - Constant Horsepower Flow Control 01/10/2004
Drive Pump 01/10/2004
Idler Pump 01/10/2004
Test 01/10/2004
Pump Control (Output Flow) - Adjust 01/10/2004
Adjustment Of Output Flow Under Total Horsepower Control 01/10/2004
Adjustment of the Maximum Output Flow of the Pump 01/10/2004
Pump Control (Negative Flow) - Test 01/10/2004
Drive Pump 01/10/2004
Idler Pump 01/10/2004
Test 01/10/2004
Pump Control (Negative Flow) - Adjust 01/10/2004
Gear Pump (Pilot) - Test 01/10/2004
Specifications 01/10/2004
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Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01390735

General Testing and Adjusting Information


SMCS - 5050

Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic systems after the
engine and pump have been stopped. Serious injury can be caused if
this pressure is not released before any service is done on the hydraulic
systems. To prevent possible injury, refer to the section, Testing and
Adjusting, "Hydraulic System Pressure - Release" before any fitting,
hose or component is loosened, tightened, removed or adjusted.

When possible, the work tool must always be lowered to the ground
before service is started. When it is necessary for the boom to be in the
raised position while tests or adjustments are done, be sure that the
boom, stick and work tool have correct support.

The swing lock (if equipped) must be engaged before service is started.

Always move the machine to a location away from the travel of other
machines. Be sure that other personnel are not near the machine when
the engine is running and tests or adjustments are being made.

The correct oil temperature, flow, and pressure are necessary for correct operation. Pump output (oil
flow) is a function of engine speed (rpm) and valve adjustment. Oil pressure is caused by resistance
to the flow of oil.

Visual checks and measurements are the first steps during troubleshooting. Refer to Testing And
Adjusting, "Visual Inspection". Next, perform the operational checks. Refer to Testing And
Adjusting, "Operational Checks". Finally, perform the required tests and adjustments on the
machine.

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330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01134573

Visual Inspection
SMCS - 5050-040

A visual inspection of the system is the first step in order to troubleshoot a problem. Shut off the
engine and lower all implements to the ground before performing the visual inspection.

1. Check the oil level in the hydraulic tank. Slowly loosen the fill/vent plug and release the
pressure before the fill/vent plug is removed.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

2. Remove the hydraulic filter elements. Inspect the hydraulic filters for material that would give
an indication of damage to a component.

3. Inspect all lines and connections for damage or leaks.

4. Inspect control linkages for bent components, broken components or damaged components.

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330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01246594

Hydraulic System Pressure - Release


SMCS - 4250-553-PX ; 5050-553-PX

The release of hydraulic pressure in a hydraulic circuit is required before service is performed to that
hydraulic circuit. Release the pressure in the following hydraulic circuits before any hydraulic lines
are disconnected or removed from that hydraulic circuit.

z Boom hydraulic circuit

z Stick hydraulic circuit

z Bucket hydraulic circuit

z Swing hydraulic circuit

z Travel hydraulic circuit

z Attachment hydraulic circuits (if equipped)

z Pilot hydraulic circuit

z Return hydraulic circuit

Note: Refer to the Disassembly and Assembly Manual for additional information concerning service
of the components of specific hydraulic circuits.

Release Of Hydraulic Pressure From A Single Hydraulic


Circuit

Personal injury can result from hydraulic oil pressure and hot oil.

Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic system after the
engine has been stopped. Serious injury can be caused if this pressure is
not released before any service is done on the hydraulic system.
Make sure all of the attachments have been lowered to the ground, and
the oil is cool before removing any components or lines. Remove the oil
filler cap only when the engine is stopped, and the filler cap is cool
enough to touch with your bare hand.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Perform the following Steps in order to release the hydraulic pressure from a single hydraulic circuit
of the main hydraulic system.

1. Position the machine on level ground.

Illustration 1 g00666865

2. Fully retract the stick cylinder rod. Adjust the position of the bucket so that the bucket is
parallel to the ground. Lower the boom until the bucket is flat on the ground. Refer to
Illustration 1.
3. Shut off the engine.

4. Turn the engine start switch to the ON position without starting the engine.

5. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the UNLOCKED position.

6. Move only the joysticks or the pedals of the hydraulic circuit that requires service to the FULL
STROKE positions. This will release the high pressure only in that single hydraulic circuit.
This will also release any pressure that might be present in the pilot hydraulic circuit.

Note: If the desired hydraulic circuit that requires service requires the activation of a switch
for operation, activate the necessary switches for the operation of the hydraulic circuit.

7. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the LOCKED position.

8. Turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

9. Slowly loosen the filler plug on the hydraulic tank and release the pressure from the hydraulic
tank. Leave the filler plug loose for a minimum of 45 seconds. This will release the pressure
that may be present in the return hydraulic circuit.

10. Tighten the filler plug on the hydraulic tank to the specified torque.

11. The pressure in the single hydraulic circuit that requires service is now released and lines and
components can be disconnected or removed from that hydraulic circuit.

Release Of Hydraulic Pressure From Multiple Hydraulic


Circuits

Personal injury can result from hydraulic oil pressure and hot oil.

Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic system after the
engine has been stopped. Serious injury can be caused if this pressure is
not released before any service is done on the hydraulic system.

Make sure all of the attachments have been lowered to the ground, and
the oil is cool before removing any components or lines. Remove the oil
filler cap only when the engine is stopped, and the filler cap is cool
enough to touch with your bare hand.

NOTICE

Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during


performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.
Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop
Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Perform the following Steps in order to release the hydraulic pressure from multiple hydraulic
circuits of the main hydraulic system.

1. Position the machine on level ground.

Illustration 2 g00666865

2. Fully retract the stick cylinder rod. Adjust the position of the bucket so that the bucket is
parallel to the ground. Lower the boom until the bucket is flat on the ground. Refer to
Illustration 2.

3. Shut off the engine.

4. Turn the engine start switch to the ON position without starting the engine.

5. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the UNLOCKED position.

6. Move only the joysticks or the pedals of the hydraulic circuit that requires service to the FULL
STROKE positions. This will release the high pressure only in that hydraulic circuit. This will
also release any pressure that might be present in the pilot hydraulic circuit.

Note: If the hydraulic circuit that requires service requires the activation of a switch for
operation, activate the necessary switches for the operation of the hydraulic circuit.

7. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the LOCKED position.


8. Start the engine.

9. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the UNLOCKED position. Do not move any
joysticks or pedals from the NEUTRAL position during this step. Do not activate any
switches during this Step.

10. Return the hydraulic activation control lever to the LOCKED position.

11. Shut off the engine.

12. Repeat Steps 4 through 11 for each additional hydraulic circuit that requires service.

13. After releasing the hydraulic pressure in each of the desired hydraulic circuits, place the
hydraulic activation control lever in the LOCKED position.

14. Turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

15. Slowly loosen the filler plug on the hydraulic tank and release the pressure. Leave the filler
plug loose for a minimum of 45 seconds. This will release the pressure that may be present in
the return hydraulic circuit.

16. Tighten the filler plug on the hydraulic tank to the specified torque.

17. The pressure in the multiple hydraulic circuits that require service is now released and lines
and components can be disconnected or removed from those hydraulic circuits.

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 09:58:10 EST 2006
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330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01627104

Main Hydraulic Pump Air - Purge


SMCS - 5070-542-AI

When the main pumps have been serviced or the hydraulic oil has been replaced, remove the air
from the hydraulic system. Remove the air from the hydraulic system in the following manner:

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Personal injury can result from hydraulic oil pressure and hot oil.

Hydraulic oil pressure can remain in the hydraulic system after the
engine has been stopped. Serious injury can be caused if this pressure is
not released before any service is done on the hydraulic system.

Make sure all of the work tools have been lowered to the ground, and
the oil is cool before removing any components or lines. Remove the oil
filler cap only when the engine is stopped, and the filler cap is cool
enough to touch with your bare hand.
Illustration 1 g00846304
Pump compartment

(1) Connector

(2) O-Ring seal

(3) Case drain hose

(4) Negative flow control hose

1. While the engine is stopped, disconnect hose (3) from connector (1) .

2. Remove connector (1) and O-Ring seal (2) from the pump housing.

3. Fill the main pumps with oil.

4. Install new O-Ring seal (2) and connector (1) at the pump housing.

5. Connect hose (3) to connector (1). Tighten hose (3) to the specified torque.

NOTICE
To avoid system damage, make sure that the hydraulic pump is
properly filled with hydraulic oil before start-up.

6. Start the engine.

7. Place the engine at low idle position. Raise the boom and hold the boom in this position.

8. Slowly loosen hose (4) until oil begins to flow around the hose connection.

9. Tighten hose (4) to the specified torque.

10. Stop the engine and slowly lower the boom until the bucket is on the ground. This pressurizes
the hydraulic tank.
Illustration 2 g00846314
(5) Air Vent Plug

11. Slowly loosen air vent plug (5) until oil begins to flow from the opening.

12. Tighten the air vent plug to the specified torque.

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i01627108

Operational Checks
SMCS - 5050-535

The operational checks can be used to find leakage in the system and components that are not
functioning correctly. The speed of rod movement or the torque on a motor can be used to check the
condition of the cylinders, motors and the pumps.

Perform the following operational checks in order to troubleshoot problems concerning the hydraulic
circuits and components on the machine.

z Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Travel on Level Ground - Test"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Travel on Level Ground - Test (Optional Test)"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Machine Drift on a Slope - Check"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Swing Speed and Overswing on Level Ground - Check"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Swing Speed and Swing Drift on a Slope - Check"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Cylinder Drift - Check (Empty Bucket)"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Cylinder Drift - Check (Loaded Bucket)"

z Testing and Adjusting, "Cylinder Speed - Check"

The specifications that are listed in tables for the operational checks are calculated average values.
The values will vary due to the configuration of the machine and engine speed. Table 1 and Table 2
contain the machine configurations that were used in order to obtain these specifications.

Reference: Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the specifications for
engine speed.

Table 1
330C Machine Configuration
Boom Stick Bucket

6.5 m (21 feet 4 inches)


3.2 m (10 feet 6 inches) 1.4 m3 (1.83 yd3)

Table 2

330C L Machine Configuration


Boom Stick Bucket

6.5 m (21 feet 4 inches) 3.2 m (10 feet 6 inches) 1.5 m3 (1.96 yd3)

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i01751953

Engine Performance - Test - Engine Speed


SMCS - 1000-081

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
9U-7400 Multitach Tool Group 1

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Install 9U-7400 Multitach Tool Group on the engine.

4. Start the engine.

5. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

6. Read the engine speed display (rpm) on the multitach. Refer to Table 2 for the specifications
for engine speed at the desired engine operation.

Table 2

Specifications
Item
New Rebuild
1880 50 rpm (2)
No load high idle (1)

1980 50 rpm (3)


No load low idle 800 50 rpm
Maximum speed with load (4) 1720 rpm (5) 1670 rpm (5)
No load speed (6) 1300 50 rpm
(1) AEC switch in the OFF position
(2) Three seconds after the engine speed dial was placed at position "10"
(3) Engine rpm within three seconds after the engine speed dial was placed at position "10"
(4) Pressure is relieved from both pumps (stall condition).
(5) Minimum rpm
(6) AEC switch in the ON position

Note: A New specification is the performance that can be expected for a new machine. A Rebuild
specification is the performance that can be expected after rebuilding the components of a system.
Performance beyond the Service Limit is an indication of these problems: improper maintenance or
adjustment, component wear and failure.

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i01751965

Travel on Level Ground - Test


SMCS - 4351-081

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
5P-3277 Measuring Tape 1
Stopwatch 1
Illustration 1 g00296317
(A) Preliminary run 5 m (16.4 ft)

(B) Travel distance 20 m (65.6 ft)

(C) Bucket height 0.5 to 1 m (1.6 to 3.3 ft)

1. Travel distance must be at least 25 m (82 ft) long. Travel test ground must be hard and as level
as possible.

2. Draw a 25 m (82 ft) straight line on travel test ground as a reference line.

3. Start the engine.

4. Place the machine controls at the following settings: Engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF.

5. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

6. The bucket should be empty.

7. Position the machine so that one track is parallel with the reference line. Position the machine
for the travel test. Refer to Illustration 1.

8. Place the travel speed control switch in HIGH position.

9. Move the machine by operating both travel levers at the same time.

10. The first 5 m (16.4 ft) are for a preliminary run. Measure the travel time that is required to
travel the remaining 20 m (65.6 ft). Measure the time that is required in each direction.

11. Measure the travel deviation from the reference line.

12. Place the travel speed control switch on the LOW position and repeat Steps 9 through 11.
Table 2

Travel Time (time in seconds)


Travel Speed New Rebuild
Forward
HIGH 15.2 or less 16.2 or less
Reverse
Forward
LOW 24.0 or less 25.5 or less
Reverse

Note: The following table represents the travel deviation (distance) from the reference line.

Table 3

Travel Deviation
mm (inch)
Travel Speed New Rebuild
Forward
HIGH 800 (31.5) or less 1200 (47.2) or less
Reverse
Forward
LOW 800 (31.5) or less 1200 (47.2) or less
Reverse

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i01751967

Travel on Level Ground - Test - Optional Test


SMCS - 4351-081

Note: When the procedure for the Travel On Level Ground cannot be performed, this test may be
used as a substitute.

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
Stopwatch 1
Illustration 1 g00297292

1. Start the engine.

2. Position the machine on level ground.

3. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

4. Raise a track off the ground. Refer to Illustration 1.

5. Put a mark on a shoe of the raised track.

6. Place the machine controls at the following settings: Engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF.

7. Place the travel speed control switch in HIGH position.

8. Move the travel lever of the raised track to full travel position.

9. Measure the time that is required for the raised track to make three complete revolutions.
Measure the time that is required in each direction.

10. Place the travel speed control switch in the LOW position and repeat Steps 8 through 9.

Table 2

330C Time For Three Revolutions (time in seconds)


Travel Speed New Rebuild
Forward
HIGH 22.5 or less 23.5 or less
Reverse
Forward
LOW 34.5 or less 35.5 or less
Reverse

Table 3

330C L Time For Three Revolutions (time in seconds)


Travel Speed New Rebuild
Forward
HIGH 24.5 or less 25.5 or less
Reverse
Forward
LOW 37.0 or less 38.0 or less
Reverse

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i01751979

Machine Drift on a Slope - Check


SMCS - 4095-535

Measuring the amount of drift of the machine on a slope will determine if there is a need to check the
travel brake.

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
Stopwatch 1
Scale
1
150 mm (6 inch)
Illustration 1 g00297342

1. Place the machine on a slope of 12 degrees. The surface of the slope must be hard and smooth.

2. Position the implements, as shown. Refer to Illustration 1.

3. The bucket should be empty.

Illustration 2 g00297498

4. To indicate the machine's relative position to the slope, put a mark on both the track and the
track roller frame. Refer to Illustration 2.
5. Stop the engine.

6. Measure the machine movement on the slope after three minutes.

Table 2

Drift mm (inch)
New Rebuild
0 0

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i01751980

Swing Speed and Overswing on Level Ground - Check


SMCS - 5058-535-ZW

Measuring the swing speed and the overswing of the machine will determine if there is a need to
check the swing motor or the anti-reaction valve. The fine swing control switch (if equipped) must
be in the OFF position.

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
5P-3277 Measuring Tape 1
Stopwatch 1
Illustration 1 g00297618

1. Position the machine on level ground. Refer to Illustration 1.

2. Stop the engine.

Illustration 2 g00293972
(A) Upper frame

(B) Undercarriage frame

(C) Marking
3. To indicate the relationship of the two positions, put a mark (C) on the inner race and the outer
race of the swing bearing. The mark will be used as a target to stop the swing operation. Refer
to Illustration 2.

4. The bucket should be empty.

5. Move the swing joystick in either direction until the machine completes a 180 degree swing
operation away from the target.

6. Move the swing joystick in either direction until the machine completes a 180 degree swing
operation toward the target. Return the swing joystick to the NEUTRAL position at the target.

7. Measure the amount of overswing by measuring the distance between the marks on the swing
bearing. Refer to Illustration 2.

Note: Use a point that is visible from the operator seat as a reference point for the target.

Table 2

Overswing
Item New Rebuild
Right Swing
Left Swing 1300 mm (51.2 inch) or less 1400 mm (55.1 inch) or less

8. Move the swing joystick in each direction and measure the time that is required to complete a
180 degree swing operation.

Table 3

Swing Time (seconds)


Item New Rebuild
Right Swing
4.9 or less 5.4 or less
Left Swing

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i01751987

Swing Speed and Swing Drift on a Slope - Check


SMCS - 5058-535-ZW

Measuring the swing speed on a slope will determine if there is a need to check the swing motor and
the anti-reaction valve. Measuring the swing drift on a slope will determine if there is a need to
check the swing parking brake.

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
5P-3277 Measuring Tape 1
Stopwatch 1
Illustration 1 g00298078

1. Complete the following steps in order to measure the swing speed on a slope.

a. The bucket should be empty.

b. Position the machine on a slope of 12 degrees. Refer to Illustration 1.

c. Position the implements at maximum reach and close the bucket. Position the bucket
above the ground so that the bucket will not come in contact with any obstacles.

Illustration 2 g00298079

d. Position the upper structure at position (A). The upper structure should be at a 90 degree
angle to the lower structure. Refer to Illustration 2.

e. Measure the time that is required to swing the upper structure from position (A) to
position (B) .

f. Position the upper structure at position (C). The upper structure should be at a 90 degree
angle to the lower structure.

g. Measure the time that is required to swing the upper structure from position (C) to
position (B).

Table 2

Swing Time (seconds)


Item New Rebuild
Right Swing
5.5 or less 6.3 or less
Left Swing

2. Complete the following steps in order to measure the swing drift on a slope.

Illustration 3 g00298079

a. Position the upper structure at position (A). The upper structure should be at a 90 degree
angle to the lower structure. Refer to Illustration 3.
Illustration 4 g00293972
(A) Upper frame

(B) Undercarriage frame

(C) Marking

b. To indicate the relationship of the two positions, put a mark (C) on the inner race and
the outer race of the swing bearing. Refer to Illustration 4.

c. Stop the engine.

d. Leave the machine in this position for three minutes. Measure the swing drift on the
circumference of the swing bearing.

e. Start the engine.

f. Position the upper structure at position (C). The upper structure should be at a 90 degree
angle to the lower structure. Refer to Illustration 3.

g. Repeat Steps 2.b through 2.d.

Table 3

Swing Drift mm (inch)


Item New Rebuild
Right Swing
0 0
Left Swing
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i01627171

Cylinder Drift - Check - Loaded Bucket


SMCS - 7562-535-D9

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
5P-3277 Measuring Tape 1
Stopwatch 1
Illustration 1 g00298378

1. Position the machine on level ground. Refer to Illustration 1.

2. Load the bucket.

Weight of bucket load


330C ... 2520 kg (5555 lb)
330C L ... 2700 kg (5950 lb)

3. Raise the boom until the top stick pin is the same height as the boom foot pin.

4. Fully extend the bucket cylinder.

5. Fully retract the stick cylinder.

6. Extend the stick cylinder rod 70 mm (2.8 inch) from the fully retracted position.

7. Measure each cylinder's length from cylinder pin to cylinder pin.

8. Stop the engine.

9. Leave the machine in this position for three minutes. Measure each cylinder's length from
cylinder pin to cylinder pin for drift.

Table 2

Cylinder Drift (Loaded Bucket)


New Boom Cylinder New Stick Cylinder New Bucket Cylinder

6.0 mm (0.24 inch) or less 12.0 mm (0.47 inch) or less 18.0 mm (0.71 inch) or less
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i01751989

Cylinder Drift - Check - Empty Bucket


SMCS - 7562-535-D9

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
5P-3277 Measuring Tape 1
Stopwatch 1
Illustration 1 g00298378

1. Position the machine on level ground. Refer to Illustration 1.

2. Empty the bucket.

3. Raise the boom until the top stick pin is the same height as the boom foot pin.

4. Fully extend the bucket cylinder.

5. Fully retract the stick cylinder.

6. Extend the stick cylinder rod 70 mm (2.8 inch) from the fully retracted position.

7. Measure each cylinder's length from cylinder pin to cylinder pin.

8. Stop the engine.

9. Leave the machine in this position for five minutes. Measure each cylinder's length from
cylinder pin to cylinder pin for drift.

Table 2

Cylinder Drift (Empty Bucket)


Item New Rebuild

Boom Cylinder
6.0 mm (0.24 inch) or less 12.0 mm (0.47 inch) or less

Stick Cylinder
10.0 mm ( 0.39 inch) or less 15.0 mm ( 0.59 inch) or less

Bucket Cylinder
10.0 mm ( 0.39 inch) or less 15.0 mm ( 0.59 inch) or less

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i01751996

Cylinder Speed - Check


SMCS - 5456-535-VF ; 5458-535-VF

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the
results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for the engine speed
that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine
configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before
performing this operational check. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

1. Perform the following steps in order to test the operating speed of the boom cylinders.

Illustration 1 g00298498
(A) Extension test

(B) Retraction test


a. Place the machine on level ground.

b. The bucket should be empty.

c. Fully retract the bucket cylinder and the stick cylinder.

d. Position the bucket on the ground. With a stopwatch, measure the time that is required
to fully extend the boom cylinders.

e. Position the boom cylinders at full extension. With a stopwatch, measure the time that is
required for the bucket to come in contact with the ground.

f. Refer to the specifications in Table 1 for the operating speed of the boom cylinders.

2. Perform the following steps in order to test the operating speed of the stick cylinder.

Illustration 2 g00298558
(A) Extension test

(B) Retraction test

a. Place the machine on level ground.

b. The bucket should be empty.

c. Position the upper surface of the boom parallel to the ground.

d. Fully extend the bucket cylinder.

e. Retract the stick cylinder. With a stopwatch, measure the time that is required to fully
extend the stick cylinder.

f. Extend the stick cylinder. With a stopwatch, measure the time that is required to fully
retract the stick cylinder.

g. Refer to the specifications in Table 1 for the operating speed of the stick cylinder.

3. Perform the following steps in order to test the operating speed of the bucket cylinder.

Illustration 3 g00298598
(A) Extension test

(B) Retraction test

a. Place the machine on level ground.

b. The bucket should be empty.

c. Position the upper surface of the boom parallel to the ground.

d. Position the stick so that the stick is perpendicular to the ground.

e. Fully retract the bucket cylinder.

f. With a stopwatch, measure the time that is required to fully extend the bucket cylinder.

g. Position the bucket cylinder at full extension. With a stopwatch, measure the time that is
required to fully retract the bucket cylinder.

h. Refer to the specifications in Table 1 for the operating speed of the bucket cylinder.

Table 1

Cylinder Operating Speed (seconds)


Item New Rebuild
Extension 3.4 0.5 4.0 (1)
Boom
Retraction 2.6 0.5 3.3 (1)
Extension 3.4 0.5 4.0 (1)
Stick
Retraction 2.8 0.5 3.5 (1)
Extension 4.4 0.5 5.0 (1)
Bucket
Retraction 2.5 0.5 3.2 (1)
(1) Maximum

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i01643792

Relief Valve (Pilot) - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 5072-036

1. Place the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

Illustration 1 g00849595
Pilot oil manifold compartment

(28) Locknut

(29) Setscrew

(30) Pressure tap

(31) Pilot filter

4. Connect a 6000 kPa (870 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (30) .
5. Start the engine.

6. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm settings.

7. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

8. Check the pilot relief valve setting at pressure tap (30) .

9. The pilot relief valve setting should be 4100 200 kPa (595 29 psi). If the pilot relief valve
setting is not within the specification, adjust the pilot relief valve.

10. In order to adjust the pilot relief valve, loosen locknut (28) .

11. Turn setscrew (29) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (30) is 4100 200 kPa
(595 29 psi).

Note: Turning setscrew (29) clockwise increases the pressure. Turning setscrew (29)
counterclockwise decreases the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

12. Tighten locknut (28) to a torque of 49 4.9 Nm (36 4 lb ft).

Note: Normal operation of the engine and pumps are necessary for the pressure adjustment. If the
results of the pressure adjustments are not correct, then the engine and the pump characteristic curve
needs to be checked.

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i01927888

Accumulator (Pilot) - Test and Charge


SMCS - 5077-045-PS ; 5077-081-PS ; 5077-081-PX

Dry nitrogen is the only gas approved for use in the accumulators. The
charging of oxygen gas in an accumulator will cause an explosion. An
explosion can be eliminated by using nitrogen gas cylinders with
standard CGA (Compressed Gas Association, Inc.) No. 580 connectors.
When nitrogen gas is ordered, make sure to order the cylinders with
CGA No. 580 connectors.

Do not rely on color codes or other methods of identification to tell the


difference between nitrogen and oxygen cylinders. In any application,
never use an adapter to connect your nitrogen charging group to a valve
outlet used on both nitrogen, oxygen, or other gas cylinders. BE SURE
YOU USE DRY NITROGEN (99.8% purity).

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Table 1
REQUIRED TOOLS
Part Number Description Quantity
175-5507 Nitrogen Charging Group 1

Testing and Charging the Pilot System Accumulators


Stop the engine. Release the pressure from the pilot hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and
Adjusting, "Hydraulic System Pressure - Release".

Gas pressure is variable with temperature. Check the temperature of the air around the accumulator.
In order to check the amount of charge in an accumulator, the accumulator must be at the same
temperature as the surrounding air.

Note: The temperature of the accumulator may change as the accumulator is being charged due to
the expansion or compression of the nitrogen charge. It may be necessary to charge the accumulator
in several steps in order to ensure a correct charge.

Table 2

Charge Pressures and Temperatures


Temperature Pressure

-25C (-13F) 1490 kPa (216 psi)

-20C (-4F) 1520 kPa (220 psi)

-15C (5F) 1550 kPa (225 psi)

-10C (14F) 1580 kPa (229 psi)

-5C (23F) 1610 kPa (233 psi)

0C (32F) 1640 kPa (238 psi)

5C (41F) 1670 kPa (242 psi)

10C (50F) 1700 kPa (247 psi)

15C (59F) 1730 kPa (251 psi)

20C (68F) 1760 kPa (255 psi)


25C (77F) 1790 kPa (260 psi)

30C (86F) 1820 kPa (264 psi)

35C (95F) 1850 kPa (268 psi)

40C (104F) 1880 kPa (273 psi)

45C (113F) 1910 kPa (277 psi)

50C (122F) 1940 kPa (281 psi)

If an accumulator has less than half of the required amount of precharge pressure, the accumulator
should be charged. Oil in the accumulator will give an inaccurate precharge reading.

Illustration 1 g00995368
Accumulator (Typical Example)

(1) Cap
Illustration 2 g00457381
175-5507 Nitrogen Charging Group

(2) Pressure gauge

(3) Connection to the nitrogen cylinder

(4) Regulator

(5) Valve

(6) Pressure gauge

(7) Pressure regulating screw

(8) Valve handle

(9) Chuck

1. Make sure that valve (5) is closed.

2. Remove cap (1) from the accumulator.

3. Rotate valve handle (8) on chuck (9) counterclockwise until the valve handle reaches the full
out position. Install chuck (9) on the accumulator.

4. Turn valve handle (8) clockwise until the valve is completely open.

5. Check the pressure reading on pressure gauge (6). Refer to Table 2 for the correct charging
pressure and temperature relationship for the accumulator.

6. If the pressure reading on the gauge is too high, use the following steps in order to purge the
nitrogen from the accumulator.

a. Slowly open valve (5) .


b. Purge the nitrogen pressure until the pressure reading is within the specification.

c. Close valve (5) .

d. Turn valve handle (8) on chuck (9) counterclockwise until the valve is completely
closed.

e. Remove the test equipment. Replace cap (1) .

7. If the pressure is too low, use the following procedure to charge the accumulator:

a. Turn valve handle (8) on chuck (9) counterclockwise until the valve is completely
closed.

b. Connect the 175-5507 Nitrogen Charging Group to the nitrogen cylinder with
connection (3) .

c. Connect the other end of the hose to valve (5) .

d. Open the valve on the nitrogen cylinder. Make an adjustment to screw (7) on the
regulator assembly until gauge (2) indicates the proper precharge pressure for the
accumulator. Refer to Table 2.

e. Open valve (5). Loosen chuck (9) slightly. Allow the nitrogen to purge the air from the
hose. Tighten chuck (9) .

f. Open valve (8) in order to charge the accumulator.

g. Close valve (5) .

h. The accumulator has the correct charge if the pressure on gauge (6) and the pressure on
gauge (2) are equal and the gauge readings do not change. If there is a decrease in
pressure on gauge (6), open valve (5) and allow more nitrogen to go into the
accumulator.

i. Repeat steps 7.d through 7.g until the following items occur:

The pressure on gauge (6) is equal to the pressure on gauge (2) .

There is no pressure change when valve (5) is closed.

j. Close valve (5). Close the valve on the nitrogen cylinder.

k. Turn valve handle (8) on chuck (9) counterclockwise until the valve is completely
closed.

l. Remove the test equipment. Replace cap (1) .

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i01627308

Relief Valve (Main) - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 5069-025; 5069-081

1. Position the machine on level ground and stop the engine.

2. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

Illustration 1 g00845919
Pump compartment

(1) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(2) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(3) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

3. Attach a 60000 kPa (8700 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (1) .

4. Start the engine.

5. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test (Engine Speed)" for engine
rpm settings.

6. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

7. Open the bucket until the bucket cylinder rod is at the full retraction.

8. Check the main relief valve pressure setting at pressure tap (1) .

9. Return the joystick for the bucket to the NEUTRAL position.

10. The main relief valve pressure setting should be 34300 490 kPa (4950 72 psi). If the main
relief valve pressure setting is not within the specification, adjust the main relief valve
pressure setting.

Illustration 2 g00817008
(4) Adjustment screw

(5) Locknut

(6) Main relief valve

11. In order to adjust the main relief valve, loosen locknut (5) and turn adjustment screw (4) until
the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is 34300 490 kPa (4950 72 psi).

Note: Turning adjustment screw (4) clockwise increases the pressure. Turning adjustment
screw (4) counterclockwise decreases the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

12. Tighten locknut (5) to a torque of 50 10 Nm (37 7 lb ft).

Temporary Setting of the Main Relief Valve


Note: A temporary setting of the main relief valve is required before any line relief valve can be
adjusted.
1. The main relief valve pressure setting should be 34300 490 kPa (4950 72 psi). If the main
relief valve is not within the specification, adjust the main relief valve pressure setting to the
correct pressure specification before performing Step 2. Refer to Testing and Adjusting,
"Relief Valve (Main) - Test and Adjust".

Illustration 3 g00817008
(4) Adjustment screw

(5) Locknut

(6) Main relief valve

2. Loosen locknut (5) and turn adjustment screw (4) clockwise for one half turn. Tighten locknut
(5) to the specified torque.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

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i01922539

Relief Valve (Line) - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 5117-025-L9 ; 5117-081-L9

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
Pressure Gauge (
8T-0861 2
60000 kPa (8700 psi))
Pressure Gauge (
8T-0856 1
6000 kPa (870 psi))

Note: A temporary setting of the main relief valve pressure is required before any line relief valve
pressure setting is adjusted. Refer to the adjustment procedures in Testing and Adjusting, "Relief
Valve (Main) - Test and Adjust".

Test
1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".
Illustration 1 g00845919
Pump compartment

(1) Pressure tap (delivery pressure for the idler pump)

(2) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(3) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

4. Connect a 60000 kPa (8700 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (1) .

5. Connect a 60000 kPa (8700 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (2) .

6. Connect a 6000 kPa (870 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (3). This is used to monitor power
shift pressure.

7. Start the engine.

8. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial 10 and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm settings.

9. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).


Illustration 2 g00672009

Monitor

(A) Message display

(B) Keypad

(C) Up key

(D) Left key

(E) Down key

(F) Right key

(G) Cancel key

(H) Set key


(I) OK key

(J) Menu key

10. Start Service Mode and input a fixed power shift pressure of 2600 kPa (375 psi).

a. Press menu key (J) .

Note: If more than thirty seconds pass between pushing the keys on the keypad, the
menu mode will be cancelled and the previous display will be restored to message
display (A) .

b. Press down key (E) in order to highlight the menu item "SERVICE OPTIONS" on the
message display. Press OK key (I) .

c. Input the password "FFF2". Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to change the
position of the flashing character. Press up key (C) or press down key (E) in order to
change the value of the flashing character. Press OK key (I) after the correct password is
displayed.

d. Press down key (E) once in order to highlight the second line on the message display.

e. Press right key (F) repeatedly until "DEVICE TEST" appears on the message display.

f. Press down key (E) in order to move down one line on the message display.

g. Press right key (F) until the "PS PRV - FIXED" appears on the message display.

h. Press down key (E) .

i. Press OK key (I). The display on line 4 of the message display will now change to a
numeric value. These characters represent the power shift pressure (kPa).

j. Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to increase or decrease the numeric value that
is displayed on line 4 of the message display. Pressing left key (D) decreases the power
shift pressure. Pressing right key (F) increases the power shift pressure.

Note: The value for power shift pressure on the monitor may not always match the
pressure reading on the pressure gauge. Adjust the value on the monitor until the desired
power shift pressure is attained on the pressure gauge that is connected to the pressure
tap for power shift pressure. The actual power shift pressure must be 2600 kPa (375 psi)
on the pressure gauge.

Note: To prevent a change in power shift pressure during the relief valve adjustment, do
not turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

Note: Refer to Service Manual, "Engine and Pump Electronic Control System" for
additional information on Service Mode.

11. The pressure setting for both the head end and the rod end for each cylinder is 36800 1500
kPa (5340 220 psi).
Illustration 3 g00772756
Main control valves (front view)

(7) Line relief valve (boom cylinder rod end)

(8) Line relief valve (bucket cylinder head end)

(9) Line relief valve (stick cylinder head end)

The following line relief valves are located on top of the main control valves: boom cylinder rod end,
bucket cylinder head end and stick cylinder head end. The line relief valve for the bucket cylinder
rod end is located under the main control valves and opposite the line relief valve for bucket cylinder
head end (8).

Illustration 4 g00671871
Main control valve (bottom view)

(10) Boom drift reduction valve

(11) Line relief valve (boom cylinder head end)

The line relief valve (boom cylinder head end) (11) is located on boom drift reduction valve (10).
Illustration 5 g00671874
Main control valve (bottom view)

(12) Line relief valve (stick cylinder rod end)

(13) Stick drift reduction valve

The line relief valve (stick cylinder head end) (12) is located on stick drift reduction valve (13).

Illustration 6 g00343372
Line relief valve (typical example)

(14) Locknut

(15) Adjustment screw

Note: Turn adjustment screw (15) clockwise in order to increase the pressure. Turn adjustment
screw (15) counterclockwise in order to decrease the pressure.

Note: After relief valve adjustments, cancel Service Mode.


Note: Return the main relief valve pressure to the specified setting after testing and adjusting any
line relief valve. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Relief Valve (Main) - Test and Adjust" for the
main relief valve pressure setting.

Adjustment (Boom Cylinders)


1. To adjust the line relief valve pressure setting of the boom cylinder head end, move the
joystick for the boom until the boom is at the full BOOM RAISE position (full extension of
boom cylinders). Hold the joystick for the boom in this position.

2. Check the pressure in the boom cylinder head end on the pressure gauge at pressure tap (1) .

3. Return the joystick for the boom to the NEUTRAL position.

4. The pressure gauge reading should be 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi). If the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is not within the specification, adjust line relief valve (11) .

5. In order to adjust line relief valve (11), loosen locknut (14) on the boom line relief valve. Turn
adjustment screw (15) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is 36800 1500 kPa
(5340 220 psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

6. Tighten locknut (14) on relief valve (11) .

Note: In order to adjust the line relief valve pressure setting for the boom cylinder rod end, a
temporary adjustment of the line relief valve for the bucket cylinder rod end must be
performed.

7. Loosen locknut (14) on the line relief valve for the BUCKET OPEN function. Turn adjustment
screw (15) by one half turn in a clockwise direction. Tighten locknut (14) on the line relief
valve for the bucket cylinder.

8. Move the joystick for the bucket until the bucket is at the full BUCKET OPEN position (full
retraction of the bucket cylinder). Hold the joystick for the bucket in this position. At the same
time, move the joystick for the boom until the boom is at the full BOOM DOWN position (full
retraction of boom cylinders). Hold the joystick for the boom in this position.

9. Check the pressure in the boom cylinder rod end on the pressure gauge at pressure tap (1) .

10. Return the joystick for the boom to the NEUTRAL position.

11. The pressure gauge reading should be 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi). If the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is not within the specification, adjust line relief valve (7) .

12. In order to adjust line relief valve (7), loosen locknut (14) on the boom line relief valve. Turn
adjustment screw (15) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is 36800 1500 kPa
(5340 220 psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

13. Tighten locknut (14) on the boom line relief valve.


14. After completion of line relief valve adjustment for the boom cylinders, return the line relief
valve pressure setting of the bucket to the specified pressure setting.

Note: If an appropriate location is not available to fully extend the boom cylinders, exchange the
functions of the boom line relief valves. Remove the line relief valve for the boom cylinder head end
and the line relief valve for the boom cylinder rod end from the main control valve. Exchange the
location of the line relief valves. Adjust the pressure of the boom line relief valve that is now
attached in the head end. After completion of line relief valve adjustment, return the respective line
relief valves to the original locations.

Adjustment (Stick Cylinder)


1. To adjust the line relief valve pressure setting of the stick cylinder rod end, move the joystick
for the stick until the stick is at the full STICK OUT position (full retraction of stick cylinder).
Hold the joystick for the stick in this position.

2. Check the pressure in the stick cylinder rod end on the pressure gauge at pressure tap (2) .

3. Return the joystick for the stick to the NEUTRAL position.

4. The pressure gauge reading should be 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi). If the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is not within the specification, adjust line relief valve (12) .

5. In order to adjust line relief valve (12), loosen locknut (14) on the stick line relief valve. Turn
adjustment screw (15) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is 36800 1500 kPa
(5340 220 psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

6. Tighten locknut (14) on relief valve (12) .

7. To adjust the line relief valve pressure setting of the stick cylinder head end, move the joystick
for the stick until the stick is at the full STICK IN position (full extension of stick cylinder).
Hold the joystick for the stick in this position.

8. Check the pressure in the stick cylinder head end on the pressure gauge at pressure tap (2) .

9. Return the joystick for the stick to the NEUTRAL position.

10. The pressure gauge reading should be 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi). If the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is not within the specification, adjust line relief valve (9) .

11. In order to adjust line relief valve (9), loosen locknut (14) on the stick line relief valve. Turn
adjustment screw (15) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is 36800 1500 kPa
(5340 220 psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

12. After completion of line relief valve adjustment, tighten locknut (14) .

Adjustment (Bucket Cylinder)


1. To adjust the line relief valve pressure setting of the bucket cylinder head end, move the
joystick for the bucket until the bucket is at the full BUCKET CLOSE position (full extension
of bucket cylinder). Hold the joystick for the bucket in this position.

2. Check the pressure in the bucket cylinder head end on the pressure gauge at pressure tap (1) .

3. Return the joystick for the bucket to the NEUTRAL position.

4. The pressure gauge reading should be 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi). If the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is not within the specification, adjust line relief valve (8) .

5. In order to adjust line relief valve (8), loosen locknut (14) on the bucket line relief valve. Turn
adjustment screw (15) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is 36800 1500 kPa
(5340 220 psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

6. Tighten locknut (14) on relief valve (8) .

7. To adjust the line relief valve pressure setting of the bucket cylinder rod end, move the
joystick for the bucket until the bucket is at the full BUCKET OPEN position (full retraction
of bucket cylinder). Hold the joystick for the bucket in this position.

8. Check the pressure in the bucket cylinder rod end on the pressure gauge at pressure tap (1) .

9. Return the joystick for the bucket to the NEUTRAL position.

10. The pressure gauge reading should be 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi). If the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is not within the specification, adjust the line relief valve for
the bucket cylinder rod end.

11. In order to adjust the line relief valve, loosen locknut (14) on the bucket line relief valve. Turn
adjustment screw (15) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (1) is 36800 1500 kPa
(5340 220 psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

12. After completion of line relief valve adjustment, tighten locknut (14) .

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 10:48:32 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.
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i01627730

Swing Motor - Test - Measurement of Case Drain Oil


SMCS - 5058-081-ZW

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
6V-9830 Cap 1
Wrench
1
24 mm (0.94 inch)
Container for Measuring 1

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

1. Stop the engine.

2. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".
Illustration 1 g00845947
Swing motor compartment

(1) Case drain hose

(2) Tee

3. Disconnect the case drain hose (1) from tee (2). Place the open end of the case drain hose (1)
into the container for measuring.

4. Install 6V-8398 O-Ring Seal and 6V-9830 Cap on tee (2) of the swivel.

Illustration 2 g00845951
Pilot manifold

(3) Connector

(4) Solenoid valve for swing parking brake

5. Disconnect connector (3) from solenoid valve (4) for the swing parking brake.

6. Start the engine.


7. Place the engine speed dial at position "10" and AEC switch OFF. Maintain the maximum no-
load speed at 1880 50 rpm.

Reference: Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm
settings.

8. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

9. Slowly move the swing joystick and make sure that the swing parking brake is activated.

10. Move the swing joystick fully for one minute. Measure the case drain oil.

11. Stop the engine.

12. Connect connector (3) to the solenoid valve for swing parking brake (4) .

13. Repeat this test procedure three times in order to obtain three measurements. For each test
procedure, swing the upper structure to a different position.

The following values specify the maximum acceptable flow of case drain oil when the swing relief
pressure is set at 27900 980 kPa (4050 140 psi).

New swing motor ... 30 L/min (7.9 US gpm)


Rebuilt swing motor ... 35 L/min (9.2 US gpm)

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 10:49:26 EST 2006
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Pruebas y Ajustes
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Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01861380

Relief Valve (Swing) - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 5454-036

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

Illustration 1 g00845919
Pump compartment

(1) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(2) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(3) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

4. Connect a 60000 kPa (8700 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (2) .
Illustration 2 g00845959
Pilot oil manifold

(26) Connector

(27) Swing parking brake solenoid valve

5. Disconnect connector (26) from swing parking brake solenoid valve (27) .

6. Start the engine.

7. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF.

Reference: Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test (Engine Speed)" for
engine rpm settings.

8. Move the swing joystick slowly and ensure that the swing parking brake is operating properly.

Illustration 3 g00845964

Swing motor

(22) Adjustment screw


(23) Locknut

(25) Relief valve (left swing)

(34) Adjustment screw

(35) Locknut

(36) Relief valve (right swing)

9. Slowly move the swing joystick for a full SWING RIGHT operation and check the pressure
for relief valve (25) at pressure tap (2) .

10. Return the swing joystick to the NEUTRAL position.

11. The pressure setting of the swing relief valve is 31400 1000 kPa (4550 150 psi). If the
pressure reading at pressure tap (2) is not within the specification, adjust the swing relief
valve.

12. In order to adjust the swing relief valve, loosen locknut (23). Turn adjustment screw (22) until
the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is 31400 1000 kPa (4550 150 psi).

Note: Turn adjustment screw (22) clockwise in order to increase the pressure. Turn adjustment
screw (22) counterclockwise in order to decrease the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

13. Tighten locknut (23) to a torque of 120 10 Nm (85 7 lb ft).

14. Slowly move the swing joystick for a full SWING LEFT operation and check the pressure for
relief valve (36) at pressure tap (2) .

15. Return the swing joystick to the NEUTRAL position.

16. The pressure setting of the swing relief valve is 31400 1000 kPa (4550 150 psi). If the
pressure reading at pressure tap (2) is not within the specification, adjust the swing relief
valve.

17. In order to adjust the swing relief valve, loosen locknut (35). Turn adjustment screw (34) until
the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is 31400 1000 kPa (4550 150 psi).

Note: Turn adjustment screw (34) clockwise in order to increase the pressure. Turn adjustment
screw (34) counterclockwise in order to decrease the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

18. Tighten locknut (35) to a torque of 120 10 Nm (85 7 lb ft).

19. After completing the test and/or the adjustment procedures for the swing relief valves, stop the
engine.

20. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".
21. Connect connector (26) to the solenoid valve for swing parking brake (27) .

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 10:50:48 EST 2006
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330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i02219869

Swing Bearing Movement - Measure


SMCS - 7063-082

Use the procedures that follow in order to check the vertical movement and the circular movement of
the swing bearing. Two dial indicators with magnetic bases are required for the procedures.

Procedure To Measure Vertical Movement Of The Swing


Bearing
1. Place the machine on level ground.

2. Empty the bucket.

3. Position the upper structure parallel with the tracks.

4. Inspect the static torque of the bolts in the swing bearing in order to make sure that the bolts
are tightened properly.

a. Set the torque wrench to a torque value of 800 Nm (590 lb ft).

b. Make a mark on the head of the bolt that is relative to the carbody or the bearing race.

c. Apply the specified torque to the bolt.

d. If the head of the bolt does not move, the torque is within the specification.

e. If the head of the bolt moves, replace the bolt.


Illustration 1 g01107785
(A) Dial indicator

(B) Dial indicator

(C) Outer race of the swing bearing

(D) Inner race of the swing bearing

(F) Carbody

5. Refer to Illustration 1. Position dial indicator (A) between the carbody and the outer race of
the swing bearing (C). Position dial indicator (B) between the carbody and the outer race of
the swing bearing (C) .

Note: Position the dial indicators at the front center of the carbody and at the rear center of the
carbody.
Illustration 2 g01107903

6. Refer to Illustration 2 and move the boom, the stick, and the bucket into the position that is
shown.

7. Adjust both dial indicators to "zero".

Illustration 3 g01108255

8. Refer to Illustration 3 for the correct position of the boom, of the stick, and of the bucket.
Lower the boom until the front of the machine rises from the ground. The angle between the
ground and the track should be approximately 15 degrees.
9. Record the dial indicator readings.

10. If the difference between the readings before testing and after testing at the zero position that
is shown in Illustration 2 is greater than 0.05 mm (0.002 inch), additional measurements are
necessary. Repeat Step 6 through 9.

11. Remove the dial indicators. Rotate the upper structure three times in a clockwise direction.
Rotate the upper structure three times in a counterclockwise direction.

12. Repeat Step 5 through 11 three times. Determine the average value of the three readings.
Reference Table 1 for the service limit specifications.

Table 1

Specifications For Vertical Movement


New Service Limit

1.5 mm (0.06 inch) 3.0 mm (0.2 inch)

Procedure To Measure Circular Movement Of The Swing


Bearing
1. Place the machine on level ground.

2. Empty the bucket.

Illustration 4 g00740359
(E) 1000 mm (39.4 inch)
3. Position the upper structure parallel to the tracks. Refer to Illustration 4 for the correct position
of the boom, of the stick, and of the bucket.

4. Stop the engine.

Illustration 5 g00740365
(A) Dial indicator

(C) Outer race of swing bearing

(D) Inner race of swing bearing

(F) Magnet

5. Position dial indicator (A) on the outer race of swing bearing (C). Position a magnet (F) on the
inner race of swing bearing (D). The value for the measurement will be the average of four
readings.

6. By hand, push the side of the bucket in order to rotate the upper structure in a
counterclockwise direction as far as possible. Hold the upper structure in that position while
the dial indicator is set to "zero".

7. By hand, push the side of the bucket in order to rotate the upper structure in a clockwise
direction as far as possible. Record the dial indicator reading.

8. Remove the dial indicator. Rotate the upper structure three times in a clockwise direction.
Rotate the upper structure three times in a counterclockwise direction.

9. Perform Step 5 through 8 for each machine position that is shown in Illustration 6. The
evaluation of the movement of the bearing is based on the average value of the four
measurements at the four positions that are shown in 6.

If the measurements for the circular movement of the swing bearing exceed the specifications that
are listed in Table 2, check the following components for improper function, wear and/or failure:

z swing gear teeth

z pinion gear in the swing drive

z swing drive

z swing motor

z swing brake valve

z swing control valve

Table 2

specifications for Circular Movement


New Service Limit

4.5 mm (0.18 inch) 13.5 mm (0.53 inch)

Illustration 6 g

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 10:52:16 EST 2006
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Modelo: 330C L EXCAVATOR CYA
Configuracin: 330C L Excavator CYA00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY
C-9 Engine

Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01627464

Fan Motor (Hydraulic Oil Cooler) - Test - Measurement of


Case Drain Oil
SMCS - 5058-081-FM

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
6V-9829 Cap As 1
Container for measuring 1

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Note: The fan motor speed must be set to the correct specification before performing this test. Refer
to Testing and Adjusting, "Fan Motor Speed (Hydraulic Oil Cooler) - Test and Adjust".

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

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3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

Illustration 1 g00845980
(1) Fan motor

(2) Case drain hose

Illustration 2 g00845985
(2) Case drain hose

(3) Case drain filter

4. Disconnect case drain hose (2) from case drain filter (3). Install 6V-9829 Cap As on the open
fitting of case drain filter (3) .

5. Place the end of drain hose (2) into the container in order to measure the case drain oil.

6. Start the engine.

7. Place the machine controls at the following settings: AEC switch OFF and engine speed dial
"10".

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Reference: Refer to Testing And Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm
settings.

8. Measure the amount of case drain oil for one minute.

Table 2

Case Drain Oil


Fan Speed Amount of Case Drain Oil

1200 rpm (1)


1.1 L/min (0.29 US gpm)

1340 rpm (2)


1.3 L/min (0.34 US gpm)
(1) Standard specification
(2) High ambient specification

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Mon Jul 24 10:04:30 EST 2006
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Red privada para licenciados del SIS.

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Modelo: 330C L EXCAVATOR CYA
Configuracin: 330C L Excavator CYA00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY
C-9 Engine

Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01861575

Fan Motor Speed (Hydraulic Oil Cooler) - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 5058-036-FM

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
9U-7400 Multitach Tool Group 1

Illustration 1 g00846010
Engine compartment (rear)

(2) Delivery line

(3) Line to relief valve (fan pump)

(33) Fan pump

NOTICE

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Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during


performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Test
1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing And Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

4. Install 9U-7400 Multitach Tool Group on the fan for the hydraulic oil cooler.

5. Start the engine.

6. Place the machine controls at the following settings: AEC switch OFF and engine speed dial
"10".

Reference: Refer to Testing And Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm
settings.

7. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

8. Read the fan speed. Refer to Table 2 for the correct speed.

Table 2

Fan Speed
1200 10 rpm (1)
1340 10 rpm (2)
(1) Standard specification
(2) High ambient specification

9. If the fan speed is not within the specification, adjust the relief valve for the fan pump.

Adjust

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Illustration 2 g00846018
Pump compartment

(34) Pressure tap

(35) Relief valve (fan pump)

(36) Locknut

(37) Adjustment screw

1. In order to adjust the relief valve pressure setting for the fan pump, loosen locknut (36) and
turn adjustment screw (37) .

Note: Turn adjustment screw (37) clockwise in order to increase the pressure. Turn adjustment
screw (37) counterclockwise in order to decrease the pressure.

Note: A quarter turn of the relief valve changes the pressure approximately 3300 kPa (480
psi).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

2. Adjust the relief valve pressure to the specifications in Table 3.

Note: In order to avoid hydraulic component damage, adjust the fan speed within the
specifications in Table 3.

Table 3

Fan Speed Relief Valve Pressure

1200 10 rpm (1)


8800 kPa (1275 psi)

1340 10 rpm (2)


11100 kPa (1610 psi)
(1) Standard specification
(2) High ambient specification

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3. Tighten locknut (36) to a torque of 10 1 Nm (7 0.5 lb ft).

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Mon Jul 24 10:15:45 EST 2006
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330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01627732

Travel Motor - Test - Measurement of Case Drain Oil


SMCS - 4351-081

Table 1

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
FT-2547 Track block assembly 1
6V-9509 Face Seal Plug 1
6V-8398 O-Ring Seal 1
Remote drain hose with an inside diameter of
1
20 mm (0.79 inch)
Wrench
1
29 mm (1.14 inch)
Container for measuring 1

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.


1. Stop the engine.

2. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

Illustration 1 g00714531
Sprocket (left track)

(1) Sprocket

(2) FT-2547 Track block assembly

3. Place track block assembly (2) in sprocket (1) in order to block forward left travel. Refer to
Illustration 1.
Illustration 2 g00714521
Travel motor

(3) 6V-9509 Face seal plug

(4) 6V-8398 O-Ring seal

(5) Case drain hose

(6) Connector

(7) Remote drain hose

(8) Container for measuring

4. Disconnect case drain hose (5) from connector (6). Install plug (3) and seal (4) in the open end
of case drain hose (5) .

5. Connect one end of remote drain hose (7) to connector (6). Place the other end of remote drain
hose into the container (8) in order to measure the case drain oil.

6. Start the engine.

7. Place the engine speed dial at position "10" and AEC switch OFF. Maintain the maximum no-
load speed at 1880 50 rpm.

Reference: Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm
settings.

8. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

9. Move the left travel lever forward fully for one minute.

10. Measure the amount of case drain oil.

11. Remove track block assembly (2) from sprocket (1) .

12. Move the left travel lever in order to reposition the travel motor.

13. Place track block assembly (2) in sprocket (1) in order to block forward left travel.

14. Repeat Steps 9 through 13 in order to obtain three measurements of case drain oil.

The following values specify the maximum acceptable flow of case drain oil when the travel
crossover relief valves are set at 36800 1470 kPa (5350 215 psi).

New travel motor ... 15 L/min (4.0 US gpm)


Rebuilt travel motor ... 18 L/min (4.8 US gpm)

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 10:53:32 EST 2006
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i01861461

Relief Valve (Crossover) - Test and Adjust


SMCS - 5069-036

Note: A temporary setting of the main relief valve is required before travel crossover relief valves
can be tested. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Relief Valve (Main) - Test and Adjust".

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

Illustration 1 g00845919
Pump compartment

(1) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(2) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(3) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

3. Connect a 6000 kPa (870 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (3) .

4. Connect a 60000 kPa (8700 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (1). Use this pressure gauge to
monitor the crossover relief valve pressure setting of the right travel motor.

5. Connect a 60000 kPa (8700 psi) pressure gauge to pressure tap (2). Use this pressure gauge to
monitor the crossover relief valve pressure setting of the left travel motor.

Illustration 2 g00714259
Sprocket (left track)

(16) Sprocket

(17) FT-2547 Track block assembly

6. Place track block assembly (17) in sprocket (16) in order to block forward left travel. Refer to
Illustration 2.

7. Start the engine.

8. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test (Engine Speed)" for engine
rpm settings.

9. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).


Illustration 3 g00672009

Monitor

(A) Message display

(B) Keypad

(C) Up key

(D) Left key

(E) Down key

(F) Right key

(G) Cancel key

(H) Set key


(I) OK key

(J) Menu key

10. Start Service Mode and input a fixed power shift pressure of 2600 kPa (375 psi).

a. Press menu key (J) .

Note: If more than thirty seconds pass between pushing the keys on the keypad, the
menu mode will be cancelled and the previous display will be restored to message
display (A) .

b. Press down key (E) in order to highlight the menu item "SERVICE OPTIONS" on the
message display. Press OK key (I) .

c. Input the password "FFF2". Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to change the
position of the flashing character. Press up key (C) or press down key (E) in order to
change the value of the flashing character. Press OK key (I) after the correct password is
displayed.

d. Press down key (E) once in order to highlight the second line on the message display.

e. Press right key (F) repeatedly until "DEVICE TEST" appears on the message display.

f. Press down key (E) in order to move down one line on the message display.

g. Press right key (F) until the "PS PRV - FIXED" appears on the message display.

h. Press down key (E) .

i. Press OK key (I). The display on line 4 of the message display will now change to a
numeric value. These characters represent the power shift pressure (kPa).

j. Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to increase or decrease the numeric value that
is displayed on line 4 of the message display. Pressing left key (D) decreases the power
shift pressure. Pressing right key (F) increases the power shift pressure.

Note: The value for power shift pressure on the monitor may not always match the
pressure reading on the pressure gauge. Adjust the value on the monitor until the desired
power shift pressure is attained on the pressure gauge that is connected to the pressure
tap for power shift pressure. The actual power shift pressure must be 2600 kPa (375 psi)
on the pressure gauge.

Note: To prevent a change in power shift pressure during the relief valve adjustment, do
not turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

Note: Refer to Service Manual, "Engine and Pump Electronic Control System" for
additional information on Service Mode.
Illustration 4 g00846385
Travel brake valve (left side)

(18) Locknut

(19) Adjustment screw

(20) Crossover relief valve (forward left travel)

(21) Crossover relief valve (reverse left travel)

(22) Locknut

(23) Adjustment screw

11. Slowly move the left travel control lever to full FORWARD position and check the pressure
gauge reading at pressure tap (2). The pressure setting of crossover relief valve (20) should be
36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi).

12. Return the left travel control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

13. In order to adjust crossover relief valve (20), loosen locknut (18) and turn adjustment screw
(19) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi).

Note: Turn adjustment screw (19) clockwise in order to increase the pressure. Turn adjustment
screw (19) counterclockwise in order to decrease the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

14. Tighten locknut (18) to a torque of 130 15 Nm (95 10 lb ft).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

15. Place track block assembly (17) in sprocket (16) in order to block reverse left travel.

16. Slowly move the left travel lever to full REVERSE position and check the pressure gauge
reading at pressure tap (2). The pressure setting of crossover relief valve (21) should be 36800
1500 kPa (5340 220 psi).

17. Return the left travel control lever to the NEUTRAL position.
18. In order to adjust crossover relief valve (21), loosen locknut (22) and turn adjustment screw
(23) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is 36800 1500 kPa (5340 220 psi).

Note: Turn adjustment screw (23) clockwise in order to increase the pressure. Turn adjustment
screw (23) counterclockwise in order to decrease the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on pressure rise.

19. Tighten locknut (22) to a torque of 130 15 Nm (95 10 lb ft).

Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

In order to adjust the crossover relief valves on the right travel motor, place stopper (17) in the
sprocket for right travel. Use the pressure gauge at pressure tap (1) in order to monitor the
crossover relief valve pressure settings for the right travel motor. Adjust the crossover relief
valves on the right travel motor in the same manner as the adjustment for the left travel motor.

20. After relief valve adjustments, cancel Service Mode.

21. Return the main relief valve pressure to the specified setting after crossover relief valve
pressure setting is attained. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Relief Valve (Main) - Test and
Adjust".

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 10:56:55 EST 2006
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i01957718

Main Pump (Flow) - Test - Constant Horsepower Flow Control


SMCS - 5070-081-FW

This test measures individual pump flow at the pump. Each pump is tested individually for output
flow at specified pressures. The pump that is not being tested is not under load and the pump remains
at low pressure standby.

Illustration 1 g00817116
The electronic control module is located in the compartment behind the cab.

(1) Alarm lamp

(2) Electronic control module


Illustration 2 g00671482
(3) Monitor

(4) Message display

Note: Before starting main pump flow tests, check message display (4) on monitor (3) and alarm
lamp (1) on electronic control module (2) for normal operation. Lamp (1) should be green. If no
faults are present, perform the operational checks. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational
Checks".

Note: If the operational checks indicate that slow speed of an implement is common to the circuits of
one pump, the problem is most likely in the hydraulic system. Then perform the pump flow tests.
Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Main Pump (Flow) - Test".

Note: If the operational checks indicate that slow speed of an implement is common to both pump
circuits, the problem may be in the engine, the fuel, or the working altitude.
Illustration 3 g

Flow meter tool layout

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector at swing motor

(3) 6V-9840 Swivel tee

(4) Makeup line (swing motor)

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(7) 6V-9508 Plug

(10) 4C-9910 Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(11) Delivery line (idler pump)


(12) Delivery line (drive pump)

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(17) 7I-7133 Blocking cover

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(25) 6V-8397 O-Ring Seal

(29) 1U-8303 Fitting

(30) 5K-9090 O-Ring seal

(31) 5P-0201 Hose

(32) 5P-1010 Sleeve

(33) 4C-8767 Coupling

(34) 7M-8485 O-Ring seal

(35) 4C-6481 Coupler assembly

(36) 4C-6482 Nipple assembly

(37) 4I-6141 Coupling

(38) 8C-9026 Adapter

(39) 6K-6307 O-Ring seal

(40) 6V-9854 Swivel elbow

(42) 1P-3704 Rectangular seal

(46) 8T-4194 Bolt

(47) 8T-4223 Hard washer

(48) 1P-5767 Half flange

(49) 1U-8293 Adapter


Illustration 4 g00671499

Circuit diagram

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(5) Main control valve

(8) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(9) 8T-0861 Pressure gauge

(10) 4C-9910 Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)


(11) Delivery line for idler pump

(12) Delivery line from drive pump

(16) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(17) 7I-7133 Blocking cover

(20) 8T-0856 Pressure gauge

(21) Engine

(22) Multitach

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(40) Elbow

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

Drive Pump

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Note: Perform the test for the drive pump and the test for the idler pump one at a time.
Illustration 5 g00843698
Pump compartment

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(8) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(12) Delivery line for drive pump

(16) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

4. Install the following tools in accordance with the flow meter tool layout and the circuit
diagram. Refer to Illustration 3 and Illustration 4.

a. Disconnect delivery line (12) from drive pump (23) .

b. Install seal (42), half flanges (48) and blocking cover (17) to the end of delivery line
(12) by using bolts (46) and washers (47) .

c. Assemble and install seal (42), adapter (49), seals (34), fitting (29) and nipple assembly
(36) on drive pump (23) by using half flanges (48), bolts (46) and washers (47) .

Illustration 6 g00669270

Swing motor (top view)


(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(40) Elbow

d. Disconnect makeup line (4) from connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

e. Assemble and install seals (30), tee (3), swivel elbow (40) and coupling (37) to
connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

f. Install seal (30) and makeup line (4) to tee (3) .

g. Connect portable hydraulic tester (10) and the test hoses between nipple assembly (36)
at drive pump (23) and coupling (37) at the swing motor.

h. Connect 4900 kPa (700 psi) pressure gauge (20) to tap (50) for power shift pressure.
Connect 49000 kPa (7100 psi) pressure gauge (9) to pressure tap (16) for drive pump
delivery pressure.

i. Install multitach group (22) on engine (21). This is used to monitor engine speed.

j. Disconnect negative flow control line (6) from drive pump (23). Install seal (25) and
plug (7) to the end of negative flow control line (6) .

Idler Pump

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Note: Perform the test for the drive pump and the test for the idler pump one at a time.
Illustration 7 g00843712
Pump compartment

(8) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(11) Delivery line for idler pump

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(16) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

4. Install the following tools in accordance with the flow meter tool layout and the circuit
diagram. Refer to Illustration 3 and Illustration 4.

a. Disconnect delivery line (11) from idler pump (24) .

b. Install seal (42), half flanges (48) and blocking cover (17) to the end of delivery line
(11) by using bolts (46) and washers (47) .

c. Assemble and install seal (42), adapter (49), seals (34), fitting (29) and nipple assembly
(36) on idler pump (24) by using half flanges (48), bolts (46) and washers (47) .
Illustration 8 g00669270
Swing motor (top view)

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(40) Elbow

d. Disconnect makeup line (4) from connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

e. Assemble and install seals (30), tee (3), swivel elbow (40) and coupling (37) to
connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

f. Install seal (30) and makeup line (4) to tee (3) .

g. Connect portable hydraulic tester (10) and the test hoses between nipple assembly (36)
at idler pump (24) and coupling (37) at the swing motor.

h. Connect 4900 kPa (700 psi) pressure gauge (20) to pressure tap (50) for power shift
pressure. Connect 49000 kPa (7100 psi) pressure gauge (9) to pressure tap (8) for idler
pump delivery pressure.

i. Install multitach group (22) on engine (21). This is used to monitor engine speed.

j. Disconnect negative flow control line (13) from idler pump (24). Install seal (25) and
plug (7) to the end of negative flow control line (13) .

Test
Note: Perform the test for the drive pump and the test for the idler pump one at a time.

To prevent personal injury or equipment damage from failure of the


hydraulic test equipment or associated circuit components because of
blocked pump flow, make sure that the test equipment valves are fully
open before starting the engine.

To prevent personal injury and/or equipment damage from failed lines


or components while the hydraulic test equipment is returned to the
open flow position, slowly open the hydraulic test equipment valve while
monitoring the pump flow.

If pump flow does not increase as the valve is opened, shut the engine
off and determine what is preventing the pump from upstroking.

1. Start the engine.

2. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm settings.

3. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).


Illustration 9 g00672009

Monitor

(A) Message display

(B) Keypad

(C) Up key

(D) Left key

(E) Down key

(F) Right key

(G) Cancel key

(H) Set key


(I) OK key

(J) Menu key

4. Start Service Mode and input a fixed power shift pressure of 2550 50 kPa (370 10 psi).

a. Press menu key (J) .

Note: If more than thirty seconds pass between pushing the keys on the keypad, the
menu mode will be cancelled and the previous display will be restored to message
display (A) .

b. Press down key (E) in order to highlight the menu item "SERVICE OPTIONS" on the
message display. Press OK key (I) .

c. Input the password "FFF2". Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to change the
position of the flashing character. Press up key (C) or press down key (E) in order to
change the value of the flashing character. Press OK key (I) after the correct password is
displayed.

d. Press down key (E) once in order to highlight the second line on the message display.

e. Press right key (F) repeatedly until "DEVICE TEST" appears on the message display.

f. Press down key (E) in order to move down one line on the message display.

g. Press right key (F) until the "PS PRV - FIXED" appears on the message display.

h. Press down key (E) .

i. Press OK key (I). The display on line 4 of the message display will now change to a
numeric value. These characters represent the power shift pressure (kPa).

j. Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to increase or decrease the numeric value that
is displayed on line 4 of the message display. Pressing left key (D) one time decreases
the power shift pressure 10 kPa (1.5 psi). Pressing right key (F) one time increases the
power shift pressure 10 kPa (1.5 psi).

Note: The value for power shift pressure on the monitor may not always match the
pressure reading on the pressure gauge. Adjust the value on the monitor until the desired
power shift pressure is attained on the pressure gauge that is connected to the pressure
tap for power shift pressure. The actual power shift pressure must be 2550 50 kPa
(370 10 psi) on the pressure gauge.

Note: To prevent a change in power shift pressure during the pump flow test, do not
turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

Note: Refer to Service Manual, "Engine and Pump Electronic Control System" for
additional information on Service Mode.

5. In order to perform flow measurements for either one of the pumps, the other pump must not
be under load.
Illustration 10 g00670500
Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(10) Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(22) Multitach

(26) Valve

6. Turn valve (26) on portable hydraulic tester (10) clockwise. Record pump flow at each of the
following pressures in Table 1. Use pressure gauge (9) at pressure tap (16) to monitor drive
pump delivery pressure or use pressure tap (8) to monitor idler pump delivery pressure.
Illustration 11 g00844033
P-Q characteristic curve

Table 1

Pump Flow Test


Measuring Points

15700 19600 25500 29400


9800 kPa
kPa (2275 kPa (2845 kPa (3700 kPa (4250
(1420 psi)
psi) psi) psi) psi)
Drive
Flow measured Pump
liter/min (US gpm) Idler
Pump

Oil temperature C (F)

Engine speed (rpm)


Drive
Flow corrected Pump
liter/min (US gpm) Idler
Pump

231 15 200 15 184 15 160 15 147 15


New
Specification for flow (61.0 (52.8 (48.6 (42.3 (38.8
rate liter/min (US 4.0) 4.0) 4.0) 4.0) 4.0)
gpm)
Service
189 (49.9) 164 (43.3) 150 (39.6) 119 (31.4) 106 (28.0)
limit

Note: Specifications for output flow rates are based on an engine speed of 1800 rpm. To attain more
accurate test results, measured flow should be corrected with the following calculation.

Table 2

Measured flow x 1800 rpm


Corrected flow =
measured rpm

Note: Specifications for output flow rates are based on a power shift pressure at the pump of 2550
50 kPa (370 10 psi). The output flow rate changes approximately 10 L/min (2.6 US gpm) for each
100 kPa (14 psi) of power shift pressure in the upper range of the constant horsepower control. The
output flow rate changes approximately 6 L/min (1.6 US gpm) for each 100 kPa (14 psi) of power
shift pressure in the higher range of the constant horsepower control.

Note: Flow measurements must be done only during pressure rise.

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 11:08:33 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.
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330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01633738

Pump Control (Output Flow) - Adjust


SMCS - 3222-025-FW

Adjust the pump output flow if the flow test results differ greatly from the specifications.

Adjustment Of Output Flow Under Total Horsepower Control

Illustration 1 g00846150
(1) Locknut

(2) Adjustment screw

(3) Locknut

(4) Adjustment screw

Adjust the flow of the idler pump.

1. Loosen locknut (1) .

2. Turning adjustment screw (2) clockwise will increase the output flow of the pump. Turning
adjustment screw (2) counterclockwise will decrease the output flow of the pump. A 1/4 turn
of adjustment screw (2) will change the output flow of the pump at the following pressures.

a. The pressure range of the first regulator spring is 17800 kPa (2600 psi) to 25700 kPa
(3750 psi). Output flow of the pump will change approximately 22 L/min (5.8 US gpm)
if the output flow is adjusted in this pressure range.

b. The pressure range of the second regulator spring is 25700 kPa (3750 psi) to 34300 kPa
(4950 psi). Output flow of the pump will change approximately 14 L/min (3.7 US gpm)
if the output flow is adjusted in this pressure range.

3. Tighten locknut (1) to a torque of 12 3 Nm (9 2 lb ft).

4. Adjust the drive pump. Use locknut (3) and adjustment screw (4) instead of locknut (1) and
adjustment screw (2) to adjust the drive pump. Repeat Steps 1 through 3.

Adjustment of the Maximum Output Flow of the Pump

Illustration 2 g00846151
Pump compartment

(5) Locknut

(6) Adjustment screw

(7) Adjustment screw

(8) Locknut

Adjust the maximum output flow of the idler pump.

1. Loosen locknut (5) .

2. In order to adjust maximum output flow, turn adjustment screw (6). Turning adjustment screw
(6) clockwise will decrease the maximum output flow of the pump. Turning adjustment screw
(6) counterclockwise will increase the maximum output flow of the pump. When adjustment
screw (6) is turned 1/4 turn, the flow changes approximately 3.6 L/min (1.0 US gpm).

3. Tighten locknut (5) to a torque of 55 10 Nm (41 7 lb ft).


4. Adjust the maximum output flow of the drive pump. Use locknut (8) and adjustment screw (7)
instead of locknut (5) and adjustment screw (6). Repeat Steps 1 through 3.

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 11:11:03 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.
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Producto: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO


Modelo: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO
Configuracin: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO

Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01957742

Pump Control (Negative Flow) - Test


SMCS - 3222-081-FW

This test measures individual pump flow at the pump while a fixed negative flow control pressure is
sent to the main pump regulator. Each pump is tested individually for an output flow rate at a
specified delivery pressure and a specified negative flow control pressure.
Illustration 1 g

Flow meter tool layout

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector at swing motor

(3) 6V-9840 Swivel tee

(4) Makeup line (swing motor)

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(7) 6V-9508 Plug

(10) 4C-9910 Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(11) Delivery line (idler pump)


(12) Delivery line (drive pump)

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(17) 7I-7133 Blocking cover

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(25) 6V-8397 O-Ring Seal

(29) 1U-8303 Fitting

(30) 5K-9090 O-Ring seal

(31) 5P-0201 Hose

(32) 5P-1010 Sleeve

(33) 4C-8767 Coupling

(34) 7M-8485 O-Ring seal

(35) 4C-6481 Coupler assembly

(36) 4C-6482 Nipple assembly

(37) 4I-6141 Coupling

(38) 8C-9026 Adapter

(39) 6K-6307 O-Ring seal

(40) 6V-9854 Swivel elbow

(42) 1P-3704 Rectangular seal

(46) 8T-4194 Bolt

(47) 8T-4223 Hard washer

(48) 1P-5767 Half flange

(49) 1U-8293 Adapter


Illustration 2 g00846402

Circuit diagram

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(5) Main control valves

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(7) Plug

(8) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)


(9) Pressure gauge

(10) Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(11) Delivery line (idler pump)

(12) Delivery line (drive pump)

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(15) Tees

(16) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(17) Blocking cover

(18) Test line

(20) Pressure gauge

(21) Engine

(22) Multitach group

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(40) Elbow

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

Drive Pump

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Note: Perform the test for the drive pump and the test for the idler pump one at a time.
Illustration 3 g00843698
Pump compartment

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(8) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(12) Delivery line (drive pump)

(16) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

4. Install the following tools in accordance with the circuit diagram. Refer to Illustration 2.

a. Disconnect delivery line (12) from drive pump (23) .

b. Install seal (42), half flanges (48) and blocking cover (17) to the end of delivery line
(12) by using bolts (46) and washers (47) .

c. Assemble and install seal (42), adapter (49), seals (34), fitting (29) and nipple assembly
(36) on drive pump (23) by using half flanges (48), bolts (46) and washers (47) .
Illustration 4 g00669270
Swing motor (top view)

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(40) Elbow

d. Disconnect makeup line (4) from connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

e. Assemble and install seals (30), tee (3), swivel elbow (40) and coupling (37) to
connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

f. Install seal (30) and makeup line (4) to tee (3) .

g. Connect portable hydraulic tester (10) and the test hoses between nipple assembly (36)
at drive pump (23) and coupling (37) at the swing motor.

h. Connect 49000 kPa (7100 psi) pressure gauge (9) to pressure tap (16) for drive pump
delivery pressure.

i. Install multitach group (22) on engine (21). This is used to monitor engine speed.
Illustration 5 g00846401

Tool setup

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(7) 6V-9508 Face seal plug

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(15) 8T-8902 Tee

(18) 177-7860 Hose assembly

(19) Pump regulator

(20) 8T-0855 Pressure gauge

(23) Drive pump


(24) Idler pump

(25) 6V-8397 O-Ring seal

(27) 6V-9829 Cap

(28) 3J-1907 O-Ring seal

(41) 6V-3965 Fitting

(43) 6V-4143 Coupler

(44) Test hose

(45) 6V-3989 Fitting

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

j. Disconnect negative flow control line (6) from drive pump (23). Install seal (25) and
plug (7) to the end of negative flow control line (6) .

k. Connect two tees (15) to the elbow at the negative flow signal pressure port of drive
pump (23). Install cap (27) to tee (15) .

l. Connect one end of test hose (18) to tee (15) .

m. Connect the other end of test hose (18) to pressure tap (50) for the power shift pressure.

n. Connect one end of test hose (44) to tee (15) .

o. Connect 4900 kPa (700 psi) pressure gauge (20) to the other end of test hose (44) .

Idler Pump

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

Note: Perform the test for the drive pump and the test for the idler pump one at a time.
Illustration 6 g00843712
Pump compartment

(8) Pressure tap (idler pump delivery pressure)

(11) Delivery line for idler pump

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(16) Pressure tap (drive pump delivery pressure)

(23) Drive pump

(24) Idler pump

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

1. Position the machine on level ground.

2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

4. Install the following tools in accordance with the circuit diagram. Refer to Illustration 2.

a. Disconnect delivery line (11) from idler pump (24) .

b. Install seal (42), half flanges (48) and blocking cover (17) to the end of delivery line
(11) by using bolts (46) and washers (47) .

c. Assemble and install seal (42), adapter (49), seals (34), fitting (29) and nipple assembly
(36) to idler pump (24) by using half flanges (48), bolts (46) and washers (47) .
Illustration 7 g00669270
Swing motor (top view)

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(40) Elbow

d. Disconnect makeup line (4) from connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

e. Assemble and install seals (30), tee (3), swivel elbow (40) and coupling (37) to
connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

f. Install seal (30) and makeup line (4) to tee (3) .

g. Connect portable hydraulic tester (10) and the test hoses between nipple assembly (36)
at idler pump (24) and coupling (37) at the swing motor.

h. Connect 49000 kPa (7100 psi) pressure gauge (9) to pressure tap (8) for idler pump
delivery pressure.

i. Install multitach group (22) on engine (21). This is used to monitor engine speed.
Illustration 8 g00846401

Tool setup

(6) Negative flow control line (drive pump)

(7) 6V-9508 Face seal plug

(13) Negative flow control line (idler pump)

(15) 8T-8902 Tee

(18) 177-7860 Hose assembly

(19) Pump regulator

(20) 8T-0855 Pressure gauge

(23) Drive pump


(24) Idler pump

(25) 6V-8397 O-Ring seal

(27) 6V-9829 Cap

(28) 3J-1907 O-Ring seal

(41) 6V-3965 Fitting

(43) 6V-4143 Coupler

(44) Test hose

(45) 6V-3989 Fitting

(50) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

j. Disconnect negative flow control line (13) from idler pump (24). Install seal (25) and
plug (7) to the end of negative flow control line (13) .

k. Connect two tees (15) to the elbow at the negative flow signal pressure port of idler
pump (24). Install cap (27) to tee (15) .

l. Connect one end of test hose (18) to tee (15) .

m. Connect the other end of test hose (18) to pressure tap (50) for the power shift pressure.

n. Connect one end of test hose (44) to tee (15) .

o. Connect 4900 kPa (700 psi) pressure gauge (20) to the other end of test hose (44) .

Test
Note: Perform the test for the drive pump and the test for the idler pump one at a time.

To prevent personal injury or equipment damage from failure of the


hydraulic test equipment or associated circuit components because of
blocked pump flow, make sure that the test equipment valves are fully
open before starting the engine.

To prevent personal injury and/or equipment damage from failed lines


or components while the hydraulic test equipment is returned to the
open flow position, slowly open the hydraulic test equipment valve while
monitoring the pump flow.

If pump flow does not increase as the valve is opened, shut the engine
off and determine what is preventing the pump from upstroking.

1. Start the engine.

2. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm settings.

3. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

Illustration 9 g00672009
Monitor

(A) Message display

(B) Keypad
(C) Up key

(D) Left key

(E) Down key

(F) Right key

(G) Cancel key

(H) Set key

(I) OK key

(J) Menu key

4. Start Service Mode and input a fixed power shift pressure of 2350 kPa (340 psi).

a. Press menu key (J) .

Note: If more than thirty seconds pass between pushing the keys on the keypad, the
menu mode will be cancelled and the previous display will be restored to message
display (A) .

b. Press down key (E) in order to highlight the second menu item "SERVICE OPTIONS"
on the message display. Press OK key (I) .

c. Input the password "FFF2". Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to change the
position of the flashing character. Press up key (C) or press down key (E) in order to
change the value of the flashing character. Press OK key (I) after the correct password is
displayed.

d. Press down key (E) once in order to highlight the second line on the message display.

e. Press right key (F) repeatedly until "DEVICE TEST" appears on the message display.

f. Press down key (E) in order to move down one line on the message display.

g. Press right key (F) until the "PS PRV - FIXED" appears on the message display.

h. Press down key (E) .

i. Press OK key (I). The display on line 4 of the message display will now change to a
numeric value. These characters represent the power shift pressure (kPa).

j. Press left key (D) or right key (F) in order to increase or decrease the numeric value that
is displayed on line 4 of the message display. Pressing left key (D) one time decreases
the power shift pressure 10 kPa (1.5 psi). Pressing right key (F) one time increases the
power shift pressure 10 kPa (1.5 psi).

Note: The value for power shift pressure on the monitor may not always match the
pressure reading on the pressure gauge. Adjust the value on the monitor until the desired
power shift pressure is attained on the pressure gauge that is connected to the pressure
tap for power shift pressure. The actual power shift pressure must be 2350 kPa (340 psi)
on the pressure gauge.

Note: To prevent a change in power shift pressure during the pump flow test, do not
turn the engine start switch to the OFF position.

Note: Refer to Service Manual, "Engine and Pump Electronic Control System" for
additional information on Service Mode.

Illustration 10 g00670500
Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(10) Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(22) Multitach

(26) Valve

5. Turn valve (26) on portable hydraulic tester (10) clockwise until the pump delivery pressure is
6850 kPa (1000 psi).

6. Record the negative flow rate in Table 1.


Illustration 11 g00846164
Pressure/Flow characteristic curve

Table 1

Negative Flow Control at


2350 kPa (340 psi)
Drive pump
Oil Temperature C (F)
Idler pump
Drive pump
Engine Speed (rpm)
Idler pump
Drive pump
Flow measured liter/min (US gpm)
Idler pump
Drive pump
Flow corrected liter/min (US gpm)
Idler pump
New 147 10 (38.8 2.6)
Specification for negative flow rate liter/min (US gpm)

Service limit
120 (31.7)

Note: Specifications for flow rates are based on an engine speed of 1800 rpm. To get more accurate
test results, measured flow should be corrected with the following calculation.

Table 2

Measured flow x 1800 rpm


Corrected flow =
Measured rpm

Flow measurements must be done in pressure rise.

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 11:15:07 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.
Cerrar SIS

Pantalla anterior

Producto: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO


Modelo: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO
Configuracin: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO

Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01633771

Pump Control (Negative Flow) - Adjust


SMCS - 3222-025-FW

Illustration 1 g00846172
Pump Compartment

(29) Adjustment screw

(30) Locknut

(31) Adjustment screw

(32) Locknut

Note: Use the same procedure for both pumps. Use locknut (30) and adjustment screw (29) to adjust
the idler pump. Use locknut (32) and adjustment screw (31) to adjust the drive pump.

1. Loosen locknut (30) .

2. Turn adjustment screw (29) until the negative flow rate is adjusted to the correct specification.

Note: A clockwise adjustment of adjustment screw (29) and adjustment screw (31) decreases
the flow rate. A counterclockwise adjustment increases the flow rate.
Note: A quarter turn of adjustment screw (29) and adjustment screw (31) will change the flow
rate approximately 6.7 L/min (1.8 US gpm) at a system pressure of 0 to 1820 kPa (0 to 265
psi) in the first step of the pump.

Note: A quarter turn of adjustment screw (29) and adjustment screw (31) will change the flow
rate approximately 4.4 L/min (1.2 US gpm) at a system pressure of 1820 to 3630 kPa (265 to
525 psi) in the second step of the pump.

3. Tighten locknut (30) to a torque of 12 3 Nm (9 2 lb ft).

4. Adjust the drive pump. Use locknut (32) and adjustment screw (31) instead of locknut (30) and
adjustment screw (29) to adjust the drive pump.

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 11:16:39 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.
Cerrar SIS

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Producto: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO


Modelo: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO
Configuracin: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO

Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01627647

Gear Pump (Pilot) - Test


SMCS - 5085-081-GT
Illustration 1 g

Flow meter tool layout

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector at swing motor

(3) 6V-9840 Swivel tee

(4) Makeup line (swing motor)

(6) 6V-9509 Face seal plug

(7) 4C-9910 Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(8) Pilot line (delivery line from the pilot pump)

(9) Connector at pilot pump


(10) Pilot filter

(30) 5K-9090 O-Ring seal

(31) 5P-0201 Hose

(32) 5P-1010 Sleeve

(33) 4C-8767 Coupling

(34) 7M-8485 O-Ring seal

(35) 4C-6481 Coupler assembly

(36) 4C-6482 Nipple assembly

(37) 4I-6141 Coupling

(38) 8C-9026 Adapter

(39) 6K-6307 O-Ring seal

(40) 6V-9854 Swivel elbow

(47) 4I-6140 Coupling

(48) 8C-8762 Elbow

(49) 6V-8398 O-Ring seal

To prevent personal injury or equipment damage from failure of the


hydraulic test equipment or associated circuit components because of
blocked pump flow, make sure that the test equipment valves are fully
open before starting the engine.

NOTICE
Care must be taken to ensure that fluids are contained during
performance of inspection, maintenance, testing, adjusting and repair
of the product. Be prepared to collect the fluid with suitable containers
before opening any compartment or disassembling any component
containing fluids.

Refer to Special Publication, NENG2500, "Caterpillar Tools and Shop


Products Guide" for tools and supplies suitable to collect and contain
fluids on Caterpillar products.

Dispose of all fluids according to local regulations and mandates.

1. Position the machine on level ground.


2. Stop the engine.

3. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Hydraulic
System Pressure - Release".

Illustration 2 g00669235

Circuit diagram

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector

(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line


(5) Main control valve

(6) Plug

(7) Portable hydraulic tester

(8) Pilot line

(9) Connector at pilot pump

(10) Pilot filter

(12) Engine

(13) Multitach group

(14) Pilot pump

(40) Elbow

4. Install the following tools in accordance with the flow meter tool layout and the circuit
diagram. Refer to Illustration 1 and Illustration 2.

a. Install multitach group (13) on engine (12) .

b. Remove pilot line (8) from connector (9) at pilot pump (14) .

c. Install seal (49) and plug (6) to the end of pilot line (8) .

d. Install seal (49) and elbow (48) to connector (9) at pilot pump (14) .

e. Install seal (34), coupling (47), seal (34) and nipple assembly (36) to elbow (48) .

Illustration 3 g00669270

Swing motor

(1) Swing motor

(2) Connector
(3) Tee

(4) Makeup line

(40) Elbow

f. Disconnect makeup line (4) from connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

g. Assemble and install seals (30), tee (3), swivel elbow (40) and coupling (37) to
connector (2) at swing motor (1) .

h. Connect portable hydraulic tester (7) and test hoses between nipple assembly (36) at the
pilot pump and coupling (37) at the swing motor.

5. Start the engine.

6. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch
OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test" for engine rpm settings.

7. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 55 5C (131 9F).

Illustration 4 g00344084
Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(7) Portable hydraulic tester (flow meter)

(13) Multitach group

(16) Valve (flow meter)

8. Turn valve (16) on portable hydraulic tester (7) clockwise until the pressure gauge on the
portable hydraulic tester shows a reading of 3920 200 kPa (570 29 psi).

9. Record the pilot pump flow at 3920 200 kPa (570 29 psi) in Table 1.

Table 1
Pump Flow Test
Oil Temperature C (F)
Engine Speed (rpm)
Flow Measured liter/min (US gpm)
Flow Corrected liter/min (US gpm)

New
34 2 (9.0 0.5)
Specification for Pump Flow liter/min (US gpm)
Service Limit
28 (7.4)

Note: Specifications for pump flow are based on an engine speed of 1800 rpm. To get more accurate
test results, measured flow should be corrected by the following calculation.

Table 2

Measured flow x 1800 rpm


Corrected flow =
Measured rpm

Flow measurements must be done in pressure rise.

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 11:18:04 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.
Cerrar SIS

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Producto: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO


Modelo: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO
Configuracin: NO SE HA ESCOGIDO NINGUN EQUIPO

Pruebas y Ajustes
330C Excavator Hydraulic System
Nmero de medio -RENR5435-03 Fecha de publicacin -01/10/2004 Fecha de actualizacin -29/10/2004

i01922576

Specifications
SMCS - 5050

Illustration 1 g

Relief valve locations

(A) Main relief valve

(B) Boom cylinder line (head end)

(C) Boom cylinder line (rod end)


(D) Stick cylinder line (head end)

(E) Stick cylinder line (rod end)

(F) Bucket cylinder line (head end)

(G) Bucket cylinder line (rod end)

(H) Swing (right)

(I) Swing (left)

(J) Left travel crossover relief valve for forward travel (upper valve)

(K) Left travel crossover relief valve for reverse travel (lower valve)

(L) Right travel crossover relief valve for forward travel (upper valve)

(M) Right travel crossover relief valve for reverse travel (lower valve)

(N) Pilot relief valve

(O) Main control valve

(P) Pilot filter

(Q) Travel motor (right)

(R) Travel motor (left)

(S) Swing motor

Table 1

Specifications
Torque for CHS Inspection Step
Relief Valve New Locknut Number (1)
Rebuilt (2)

(A) Main relief valve 34300 500 kPa (4950 50 10 Nm (37 115
75 psi) 7 lb ft)
(B) Boom cylinder line
138
(head end)
(C) Boom cylinder line
(rod end)
(D) Stick cylinder line
36800 1500 kPa 20 2 Nm (14 136
(head end)
(5340 220 psi) 1 lb ft)
(E) Stick cylinder line (rod
134
end)

140
(F) Bucket cylinder line
(head end)
(G) Bucket cylinder line
142
(rod end)
(H) Swing relief pressure
147
(right) 31400 1000 kPa
120 10 Nm (85
(I) Swing relief pressure (4550 150 psi)
7 lb ft) 145
(left)
(J) Left travel crossover
151
relief valve (forward)
(K) Left travel crossover
154
relief valve (reverse)
36800 1500 kPa 90 10 Nm (70
(L) Right travel crossover (5340 220 psi) 6 lb ft) 157
relief valve (forward)
(M) Right travel crossover
160
relief valve (reverse)

(N) Pilot relief valve 4100 200 kPa (595 50 5 Nm (36 50


29 psi) 4 lb ft)

(P) Oil cooling system 10 1 Nm (7


1 lb ft)
(1) Custom Hydraulic Service (CHS) is a preventive maintenance program for the machine hydraulic system. CHS is
also a valuable part of any Customer Support Agreement. Refer to Custom Hydraulic Service, SEBF8472.
(2) A New specification is the performance that can be expected for a new machine. A "Rebuild" specification is the
performance that can be expected after rebuilding the components of a system.

Table 2

Cycle Times (seconds)


CHS Inspection Step
Function New (1)
Number (2)
Boom EXTEND 3.4 0.5 192
Boom RETRACT 2.6 0.5
Stick EXTEND 3.4 0.5 195
Stick RETRACT 2.8 0.5 197
Bucket EXTEND 4.4 0.5 199
Bucket RETRACT 2.5 0.5 201
Swing LEFT (180)
4.9 (3) 208
Swing RIGHT (180)
Overswing LEFT
1300 mm (51.2 209
Overswing RIGHT inch) (3)

Forward travel HIGH (Left) (3


revolutions)
22.5 (3)
Reverse travel HIGH (Left) (3
revolutions)
217
Forward travel LOW (Left) (3
revolutions)
34.5 (3)
Reverse travel LOW (Left) (3
revolutions)
Forward travel HIGH (Right) (3
revolutions)
22.5 (3)
Reverse travel HIGH (Right) (3
revolutions)
218
Forward travel LOW (Right) (3
revolutions)
34.5 (3)
Reverse travel LOW (Right) (3
revolutions)
(1) A New specification is the performance that can be expected for a new machine.
(2) Custom Hydraulic Service (CHS) is a preventive maintenance program for the machine hydraulic system. CHS is
also a valuable part of any Customer Support Agreement. Refer to Custom Hydraulic Service, SEBF8472.
(3) Maximum

Table 3

Cylinder Drift
Function New (1) CHS Inspection Step Number (2)

Boom cylinder
6.0 mm (0.24 inch)
228
Stick cylinder
10.0 mm (0.39 inch)

Bucket cylinder 237


10.0 mm (0.39 inch)
(1) A New specification is the performance that can be expected for a new machine.
(2) Custom Hydraulic Service (CHS) is a preventive maintenance program for the machine hydraulic system. CHS is
also a valuable part of any Customer Support Agreement. Refer to Custom Hydraulic Service, SEBF8472.

Table 4

Required Tools
Part Number Description Qty
9U-7400 Multitach Tool Group 1
8T-0470 Thermometer group 1

Table 5

Relief Valves Pressure change With One Turn Of Adjustment Screw

Main valves
14400 kPa (2100 psi)

Line relief valve


11000 kPa (1600 psi)

Swing relief valve


6800 kPa (985 psi)

Travel crossover relief valve


3050 kPa (440 psi)

Pilot relief valve


620 kPa (90 psi)

Note: Pressure values in Table 5 are approximate values. Use a pressure gauge for adjustment.

Note: Normal operations of the engine and pumps are necessary for the pressure adjustments. If the
results of the pressure adjustment are not correct, then the engine and the pump characteristic curve
needs to be checked. Slow output flow from the pump is an indication of air in the hydraulic system.
Make sure that no air is present in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing And Adjusting, "Main
Hydraulic Pump Air - Purge".

Copyright 1993 - 2006 Caterpillar Inc. Wed Jul 26 11:21:16 EST 2006
Todos los derechos reservados.
Red privada para licenciados del SIS.