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PROJECT : PAGE :

CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
Cellular Beam Design Based on AISC 360-10

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


BEAM SIZE W21X83
CELL DIAMETER D= 6 in
CELL PITCH ( 1.25 D to 1.5 D) S= 9 in

STEEL YIELD STRESS Fy = 50 ksi

AXIAL COMPRESSION FORCE Pr = 60 kips, ASD ( 12% steel weight saved.)


STRONG AXIS EFFECTIVE LENGTH kLx = 28 ft
WEAK AXIS EFFECTIVE LENGTH kLy = 8 ft THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

STRONG AXIS BENDING MOMENT Mrx = 50 ft-kips, ASD


STRONG AXIS BENDING UNBRACED LENGTH Lb = 8 ft, (AISC 360-10 F2.2.c)
STRONG DIRECTION SHEAR LOAD, ASD Vstrong = 25 kips

WEAK AXIS BENDING MOMENT Mry = 10 ft-kips, ASD


WEAK DIRECTION SHEAR LOAD, ASD Vweak = 200 kips

ANALYSIS
CHECK FULL SECTION CAPACITY, AT WEB OPENING, USING STRAIN-COMPATIBILITY METHOD (AISC 360-10, H1)

P r 8 M rx M ry P r 0.2
, for
P c 9 M cx M cy Pc
0.31 < 1.0 [Satisfactory]
P r M rx M ry
, for P r 0.2
2 P c M cx M cy Pc

Where Pc = P n / c = 867 / 1.67 = 519.32 kips, (AISC 360-10 Chapter E)


> Pr [Satisfactory]
Mcx = Mn / b = 682.82 / 1.67 = 408.88 ft-kips, (AISC 360-10 Chapter F)
> Mrx [Satisfactory]
Mcy = Mn / b = 125.43 / 1.67 = 75.11 ft-kips, (AISC 360-10 Chapter F)
> Mry [Satisfactory]

CHECK T-SHAPE CAPACITY AT WEB OPENINGS (AISC 360-10, H1)


0.5 (bf - tw) / tf = 4.70 < 1.0 (E / Fy)0.5 = 24.08 [Satisfactory]
(AISC 360-10, Table B4.1)
dT / tw = 14.95 < 0.75 (E / Fy)0.5 = 18.06 [Satisfactory]

P r 8 M r ,x M r , y P r 0.2
, for
P c 9 M c, x M c , y Pc
0.97 < 1.0 [Satisfactory]
Pr M r ,x M r , y P r 0.2
, for
M c , y
2 P c M c, x Pc
Where Pc = P n / c = 341 / 1.67 = 203.99 kips, (AISC 360-10 Chapter E4a or D2)
> 0.5 Pr = 30.00 kips [Satisfactory]
Mc,x = Mn / b = 54.64 / 1.67 = 32.72 ft-kips, (AISC 360-10, F9)
> 0.5 Mr,x= 25.00 ft-kips [Satisfactory]
Mc,y = Mn / b = 62.69 / 1.67 = 37.54 ft-kips, (AISC 360-10, F6)
> 0.5 Mr,y= 5.00 ft-kips [Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AISC 360-10, G2)


Vn,strong / v = 237.9 / 1.67 = 142.5 kips > Vstrong = 25.0 kips [Satisfactory]

Vn,weak / v = 418.8 / 1.67 = 250.8 kips > Vweak = 200.0 kips [Satisfactory]
PROJECT : PAGE :
CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 13th Edition (AISC 360-05)

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


STEEL YIELD STRESS Fy = 50 ksi
SIMPLY SUPPORTED SPAN S= 8 ft
SUPERIMPOSED UNIFORM DEAD LOAD DL = kips / ft
UNIFORM LIVE LOAD LL = kips / ft
POINT DEAD LOAD PDL = kips
POINT LIVE LOAD PLL = kips
DISTANCE POINT LOAD TO END c= ft
TOP FLANGE WIDTH bf,top = 8.36 in
TOP FLANGE THICKNESS tf,top = 0.835 in
BOTTOM FLANGE WIDTH bf,bot = 8.36 in
BOTTOM FLANGE THICKNESS tf,bot = 0.835 in
WEB THICKNESS tw = 0.515 in
BEAM DEPTH d= 21.4 in Err:502
UNBRACED LENGTH Lb = 8 ft FLANGE TO WEB WELDING USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 9789.5 in o.c.

THE GIRDER DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK LIMITING WIDTH-THICKNESS RATIOS FOR WEB (AISC 365-05 Table B4.1)
h c / tw = 38.31 < r = 137.27
< p = 90.55
Compact Web
where E= 29000 ksi
r = 5.7 (E / Fy)0.5 = 137.27
p = (hc / hp) (E / Fy)0.5 / (0.54 Mp / My -0.09)2 = 172.34 ,for Af,top Af,bot
p = 3.76 (E / Fy)0.5 = 90.55 ,for Af,top = Af,bot
hc = 19.73 in hp = 14.08 in
Mp = 699.3 ft-kips My = 709.0 ft-kips

CHECK LIMITING WIDTH-THICKNESS RATIOS FOR FLANGES (AISC 365-05 Table B4.1)
0.5 bf,top / tf,top = 5.01 < r = 22.67
< p = 9.15
Compact Flanges
where r = 1.0 (kc E / FL)0.5 = 22.67
p = 0.38 (E / Fy)0.5 = 9.15
kc = Min [0.76 , Max (0.35 , 4 / (h / hw)0.5 )] = 0.62
Sxt = 170 in3 Sxc = 170 in3
FL = 35 ksi, (AISC 360-05 Table note B4.1 & Eq F4-6)

DETERMINE CRITERIA FOR ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH (AISC 365-05 Table F1.1)

Chapter F Sections
Required Conditions F2 F3 F4 F5
Double Symmetric x x
Compact Web x x
x
Noncompact Web
Slender Web Mallowable = Mn / b =
Compact Flanges x
Noncompact Flanges
Slender Flanges
Applicable Section ok

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / b , BASED ON AISC 365-05 Chapter F2

E 6.92 ft
L p 1.76r y
F y

2
E Jc 0.7 F y S x h 0 E
L r 1.95r ts 1 1 6.76 r ts 20.28 ft
0.7 F S xh0 E Jc 0.7 F
y y
2
E Jc 0.7 F y S x h 0 E
L r 1.95r ts 1 1 6.76 r ts
0.7 F S xh0 E Jc 0.7 F
y y

where ry = 1.96 in Sx = 170 in3


h0 = 20.57 in Iy = 81 in4
Cw = Iy h02 / 4 = 8599.1854 , (AISC 365-05 F2.2)
J = [ 2 bf tf3 + (d - tf) tf3] / 3 = 4.1810297 in4, (Galambos 1968)
(Use J= 4.34 in4 )
rts =[( Iy Cw)0.5/ Sx)]0.5 = 2.22 in
c= 1.0 Cb = 1.0 , (AISC Manual 13th Table 3-1, page 3-10)

2
C b 2E Jc L b 165.90167 ksi
F cr 2
1 0.078
L b S x h 0 r ts

r ts

M p , for Lb L p


L b L p
M n , F 2 Min C b M p M p 0.7 F y S x , M p

, for L p Lb Lr
L r L p

Min F cr S x , M p , for L r L b

Mallowable, F2 =Mn / b = 408.9 ft-kips where b = 1.67 , (AISC 365-05 F1)

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / b , BASED ON AISC 365-05 Chapter F3

pf
M p M p 0.7 F y S x
rf pf
, for Noncompact Flanges

M n, F 3 761.5
0.9 E k c S x
, for Slender Flanges
2
where = bf / (2 tf) = 5.01
pf = p = 9.15 rf = r = 22.67

Mallowable, F3 =Min(Mn,F2 , Mn,F3) / b = 408.9 ft-kips

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / b , BASED ON AISC 365-05 Chapter F4

E 4.91 ft
L p 1.1r t
F y

2
E J S h
L r 1.95 r t 1 1 6.76 F L xc 0 20.36 ft
FL S xc h 0 E J

where aw =hc tw/ (bfc tfc) = 1.46

b fc
rt 2.23 in
1 2
12 h 0 a w h
d 6 h 0d

Mp = Min [Zx Fy , 1.6Sxc Fy ] = 699.27948 ft-kips


Myc = Sxc Fy = 709.00701 ft-kips Myt = Sxt Fy = 709.00701 ft-kips
= h c / tw = 39.93
pw = p = 172.34 rw = r = 137.27

M p
, for hc / t w pw
M yc
R pc 0.9862801
Min M p

M p
1
pw M p
M , , for hc / t w pw
M yc yc rw pw M yc

2
C b 2E J L b
F cr 2
1 0.078 167.13632 ksi, (for Iyc / Iy = 0.50 > 0.23, AISC 360-05 F4-5 )
L b S xc h 0 r t

r t

R pc M yc , for L b L p

L b L p
M n, F 4.2 Min C b R pc M yc R pc M yc F L S xc , R pc M yc

, for L p L b L r
L r L p

Min F cr S xc , R pc M yc , for L r L b
R pc M yc , for Compact Flanges

pf
R pc M yc R pc M yc F L S xc
rf pf
, for Noncompact Flanges 699.27948

M n,F 5.3


0.9 E k c S xc
, for Slender Flanges
2
M p
, for h c / t w pw
M yt
R pt 0.9862801
Min M p

M p
1
pw M p
M , , for hc / t w pw
M yt yt rw pw M yt

Mallowable, F4 = Min( Mn,F4.2 , Mn,F4.3, RptMyt) / b = 394.4 ft-kips

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE FLEXURAL STRENGTH , Mn / b , BASED ON AISC 365-05 Chapter F5

E
Lr r t 16.77 ft
0.7 F y

F y , for Lb L p

L b L p
Min C b F y 0.3F y , F y , for L p Lb Lr
L r L p


F cr , F 5.2 46.096633

C b 2E
Min 2
, F y , for Lr Lb
L b

r t

F y , for Compact Flanges



pf
F y 0.3F y , for Noncompact Flanges
rf pf
F cr , F 5.3 50
0.9 E k c , for Slender Flanges
2
b f
2t f

Min a w , 10 hc E
R pg Min 1 5.7 , 1.0 1
1200 300 Min a w , 10 t w F y

Mallowable, F5 = Min( RpgFySxc , RpgFcr,F5.2Sxc , RpgFcr,F5.3Sxc , FySxt) / b = 391.4

DETERMINE ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRENGTH , Vn / Wv , BASED ON AISC 365-05 Chapter G2

h = d - tf,top - tf,bot = 20 in , h / tw = 38 , Aw = 7.93


a= 7.8 ft
1.0 , for h / t w1.10 k vE
5 Fy
5 , for a / h3
kv a / h 2 5.00 Cv
1.10 k vE , for 1.10 k vE h /
t w1.37
k vE
h /tw Fy Fy Fy
5 , for a / h 3
Vn = 0.6 FyAwCv = 237.93 kips 1.51E kv k vE h /
, for 1.37 tw

h / t w 2 F y Fy
Vallowable = Vn / v = 142.47305 kips v = 1.67 , (AISC 365-05 G1)

TOTAL SUPERIMPOSED GRAVITY LOAD


w = DL + LL = 0.000 kips / ft , P = PDL + PLL = 0.00 kips

CHECK EACH SECTION CAPACITIES

Section Left 0.00 S 0.00 S 0.00 S 0.00 S 0.00 S Point 0.17 S 0.33 S 0.50 S 0.67 S
Distance 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.33 2.67 4.00 5.33
d (in) 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21
y (in) 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11
I (in4) 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807 1807
Wt (plf) 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6
V (kips) 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.00 -0.19 -0.10 0.00 0.10
M (ft-k) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
BENDING LOADS & CAPACITY

Moments
0
-100
-200
-300
-400
-500
Length

Mmax = 0.572541861 ft-kips @ 4.00 ft, from heel.


< Mallowable = 408.87544 ft-kips
[Satisfactory]
S h ear F o rces

SHEAR LOADS & CAPACITY

-141.00
-141.50
-142.00
-142.50
-143.00
Length

Vmax = 0.29 kips @ 8.00 ft, from heel.


< Vallowable = 142.47305 kips [Satisfactory]

DETERMINE DEFLECTION AT MID SPAN

5w L 4 0.06415 Pb
L b 2
3/ 2
DL 2
0.00 in ( L / 762531 )
384 EI EIL (for camber, self Wt included.)

where E= 29000 ksi w= 0.072 kips / ft


I= 1807 in4 P= 0 kips
b= 0.3 ft L= 8.0 ft

5w L 4 0.06415 Pb
L 2 b 2
3/ 2
LL 0.00 #DIV/0!
384 EI EIL

where P= 0 kips w= 0.000 kips / ft

DETERMINE FLANGE TO WEB WELDING (AISC 360-05 J2.4 )

w= 5/16 in
wmin = 3/16 in, < w
wmax = 7/16 in, > w
= 2.0
Vmax = 0.29 kips
Q = Af(d - y - 0.5 tf,top) = 72 in3
vmax = Vmax Q / I = 0.01 kips / in

A= 24 in B
0.6 F EXX 0.707 w A
9790 in. o.c.
v max
USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 9789.5 in o.c.

DESIGN STIFFENERS

1. BEARING STIFFENERS ARE REQUIRED AT EACH END SUPPORT. (AISC 360-05, J10.8)

2. CHECK LOCAL WEB YIELDING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC 360-05, J10.2)
R=P= 0.00 kips
N= 0 in, bearing length, point.
k = tf,top + w = 1.15 in
= 1.5

R
, for c d
t w N 5k
0.00 < Fy / [Satisfactory]
R
, for c d
t w N 2.5k
3. CHECK WEB CRIPPLING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC 360-05, J10.3)

= 2.0

1.5
2 N t w EF ywt f
0.80t w 1 3
d t f

tw
, for c 0.5 d

Rn / 1 / 162.67 > P
t w
1.5
0.40t 2 N EF ywt f
w 1 3 , for c 0.5 d
d t f tw

(Note : If item 2, local web yielding is Satisfactory, this item does not need to be checked.)

4. CHECK SIDESWAY WEB BUCKING FOR THE CONCENTRATED LOAD. (AISC 360-05, J10.4)
dc = d - 2k = 19.11 in
Cr = 960000 ksi
(dc / tw ) / (l / bf) = 3.23
= 1.76
3
3
C r t wt f 0.4 d c / t w /
, for d c t w 1.7
h2 l /b f l /b f


C r t3
3
wt 1 0.4 d c / t w d c / tw >
Rn / 1 /
f

, for 1.7 2.3 0.00 P

2
h l / b f l /b f

dc /tw
P , for l / 2.3
bf

(Note : If item 2, local web yielding is Satisfactory, this item does not need to be checked.)

5. DETERMINE STIFFENER SIZE.

tw = 1/4 in , bst = 3 in

bst / tw = 12.00 < 0.56 (E / Fy)0.5 , (AISC 360-05 Table B4.1)


[Satisfactory]
Ag = 4.68 in2 , I= 6 in4

R= 0.3 kips
c = 1.67 , (AISC 365-05 E1)
Kl/r= 0.75 h / ( I / Aeff)0.5 = 13.3
Cc = 4.71 (E/ Fy)0.5 = 113

Fe
2E 1627.79 ksi
kl / r 2
F y kl
0.658 F e F y , for Cc
r
R n / c A g / c 138.4 kips, (AISC 360-05 E2)
kl
0.877 F e , for Cc > R [Satisfactory]
r

Techincal Reference:
1. AISC: "Steel Construction Manual 13th Edition", American Institute of Steel Construction, 2005.
USE 5/16 in - 24 in @ 9789.5 in o.c.

408.9 ft-kips
( from following analysis)
(cont'd)

682.8 ft-kips

, (AISC 365-05 F1)

<== Not Applicable.

ft-kips

<== Not Applicable.

0.23, AISC 360-05 F4-5 )

658.718677 ft-kips
(cont'd)

ft-kips

<== Not Applicable.

ksi

ksi

ft-kips

in2 ,

.10 k vE
Fy
k vE h / k vE 1.000
1.10 t w1.37
Fy Fy
k vE h /
r 1.37 tw
Fy

0.83 S Right
6.67 8.00
21 21
11 11
1807 1807
71.6 71.6
0.19 0.29
0 0
(cont'd)

[Satisfactory]
(cont'd)

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]
PROJECT : PAGE :
CLIENT : DESIGN BY :
JOB NO. : DATE : REVIEW BY :
T-Shape Member Capacity Based on AISC 360-05

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


T-SHAPE SIZE bf = 8.36 in tf = 0.835 in A= 10.5 in2
d= 7.7 in tw = 0.515 in y= 1.71 in
yp = 0.63 in
STEEL YIELD STRESS Fy = 50 ksi Ix = 49 in4
Iy = 41 in4
AXIAL FORCE (plus sign for compression) P= 30 kips, ASD
STRONG GEOMETRIC AXIS EFFECTIVE LENGTH kLx = 0.5 ft
WEAK GEOMETRIC AXIS EFFECTIVE LENGTH kLy = 0.5 ft

STRONG GEOMETRIC AXIS BENDING MOMENT Mrx = 25 ft-kips, ASD, THE STEM IN TENSION ? Yes (stem tension)
STRONG GEOMETRIC AXIS BENDING UNBRACED LENGTH Lbx = 0.5 ft, (AISC 360-05 F9.2 & F2.2.c)
STRONG DIRECTION SHEAR LOAD, ASD Vstrong = kips

WEAK GEOMETRIC AXIS BENDING MOMENT Mry = 5 ft-kips, ASD


WEAK GEOMETRIC AXIS BENDING UNBRACED LENGTH Lby = 0.5 ft
WEAK DIRECTION SHEAR LOAD, ASD Vweak = kips

THE DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

ANALYSIS
CHECK LIMITING WIDTH-THICKNESS RATIOS (AISC 360-05, Table B4.1)

CHECK COMBINED COMPRESSION AND BENDING CAPACITY (AISC 360-05, H1)

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY (AISC 360-05, G2)


Vn,strong / v = 119.0 / 1.67 = 71.2 kips > Vstrong = 0.0 kips [Satisfactory]

Vn,weak / v = 209.4 / 1.67 = 125.4 kips > Vweak = 0.0 kips [Satisfactory]