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EC-GPA

36071

NORMAL CHECK - LIST: BELL 412 HP

Esta lista de comprobaciones/acciones forma parte de la


documentacin del H/C y debe estar a bordo en todo momento.

Se deber usar en todas las fases del vuelo descritas en la misma,


en los helicpteros operados por INAER HELICPTEROS, SA.

NOTAS

PF (Piloto que vuela)


PNF (Piloto que no vuela)
Ambos Pilotos

Pueden realizarse los tems marcados de forma anticipada,


dejando la cabina preparada para una puesta en marcha corta

Se realiza en el primer vuelo del da.

Son limitaciones, comprobaciones/acciones


que deben conocerse de memoria.

Corresponde a datos/limitaciones importantes.


Significa que hay que comprobar antes de cada vuelo.
INDICE NORMAL CHECK LIST

INDICE PAG. 1

INTERIOR CHECK PAG. 2

ENGINE PRE-START CHECK PAG. 3

ENGINE START PAG. 3

ENGINE POST START PAG. 4

ENGINE FAILS TO START PAG. 4

DRY MOTORING RUN PAG. 4

SYSTEMS CHECK PAG. 5

BEFORE TAKE OFF PAG. 5

TAKE OFF PAG. 6

IN-FLIGHT OPERATIONS PAG. 6

DESCENT AND LANDING PAG. 6

AFTER LANDING PAG. 6

ENGINE SHUTDOWN PAG. 7

WEIGHT&FUEL PAG. 8

EFFECTIVE PAGES PAG. 9

PAG. 1 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


PNF PF RMK INTERIOR CHECK
Cabin interior Cleanliness and security of equipment.
Cargo and baggage (if applicable) Check security.
Protective breathing equipment (if installed) Condition and properly serviced.
Passenger doors Secured.
Seat and pedals Adjust
Seat belt and shoulder harness Fasten and adjust.
Shoulder harness inertia reel and lock Check.
Directional control pedals Check freedom of movement. Position for
engine start.
Flight controls Position for start, friction as desired.
Transmission chip detector indicators Check, reset if required.
Lower pedestal circuit breakers IN.
Collective control head switches OFF.
COMPASS CONTROL panel switches MAG.
Radio equipment OFF.
FUEL INTCOM switch NORM.
FUEL TRANS switches OFF.
BOOST PUMP switches OFF.
FUEL XFEED switch NORM.
ENG 1 and ENG 2 FUEL switches OFF.
PART SEP switches NORM
ENG 1 and ENG 2 GOV switches AUTO
HYDR SYS NO. 1 and NO. 2 switches ON.
STEP switch (if installed) As desired.
ROTOR rpm AUDIO SWITCH Spring loaded to AUDIO.
FORCE TRIM switch ON, cover down.
Instruments Static check.
STATIC SOURCE switch (if installed) PRI.
APPROACH PLATE AND MAP LIGHT knob(s) OFF.
AUX SYS PITOT and STATIC switches (if inst) NORM.
Altimeter(s) Set.
FIRE EXT switch OFF.
FIRE PULL handles IN (forward).
AFT DOME LIGHT rheostat and switch OFF.
PITOT STATIC HEATERS switch OFF.
WIPER select switches OFF.
CARGO RELEASE switch (if installed) OFF.
HEATER switch OFF.
AFT OUTLET switch OFF.
VENT BLOWER switch OFF.
EMERG LT switch (if installed) DISARM.
STBY ATT switch (if installed) ON; check standby attitude indicator
lighting illuminates and OFF flag retracts
momentarily, then switch OFF.
Overhead circuit breakers IN.
All LT rheostats OFF.
UTILITY LIGHT (step light) switch OFF.
POSITION light OFF.
ANTI COLL light ON.
EMER LOAD switch NORMAL.
NON-ESNTL BUS switch Spring loaded to NORMAL.
INV 1 and 2 switches OFF.
GEN 1 and 2 switches OFF.

PAG. 2 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


PNF PF RMK ENGINE PRE-START CHECK
External power (if used) CONNECT, (EXTERNAL POWER)
(1000 AMPS MAX. AND 271 VDC)
BATTERY BUS 1 BUS 2 switches ON. (Check BATTERY light illuminates).
Test operate all lights if night flight. Use external power or during engine runup
ROTOR BRAKE lights TEST.
FIRE 1 and 2 lights test-button Press to test.
BAGGAGE FIRE light test-button Press to test.
OVER TORQ light Press to test.
CYC CTR lights Press to test.
Caution panel TEST switch PNL then LT.
Caution panel RESET button Press.
INV 1 switch ON.
INV 1 switch OFF
INV 2 switch ON.
INV 1 switch ON.
FUEL SYS test switch FWD TANK, then MID TANK.
FUEL SYS DIGITS TEST button Press.
Clock Set and running.

ENGINE START (1)


Throttles Rotate.
RPM INC/DCR switch DECR for 8 seconds.
ENG FUEL TRANS switch ON.
ENG BOOST PUMP switch ON.
ENG FUEL switch ON.
ENG FUEL PRESS indicator check.
Rotor Clear.
START switch ENG position.
ENG OIL pressure Indicating.
Eng throttle Open to idle at 12% N1 minimum.
ENG ITT Monitor.
Collective pitch Ensure in full down position.
Cyclic Position as necessary (CYC CTR).
START switch Centered at 55% N1.
N1 check 611% when throttle is on idle stop
ENG, XMSN,AND GEAR BOX OIL Check presures.
ENG PART SEP OFF LIGHT Check extinguished.
ENG throttle Increase 77 - 85% N2 (friction).
Rotor RPM Minimum 77 - 85%.
N1 RPM Check 71% minimum.
GEN SWITCH ON. (If battery was used).
AMP indicator Check at or below 150 AMPS.
ENGINE START (2)
ENG FUEL TRANS switch ON.
ENG BOOST PUMP switch ON.
ENG FUEL switch ON.
ENG FUEL PRESS indicator check.
START switch ENG position.
ENG OIL pressure Indicating.
Eng throttle Open to idle at 12% N1 minimum.
ENG ITT Monitor.
START switch Centered at 55% N1.
N1 check 611% when throttle is on idle stop.
ENG throttle Increase slowly to match Engines N2 RPM.
ENG OIL pressure Check.
ENG PART SEP OFF LIGHT Check extinguished.

PAG. 3 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


PNF PF RMK ENGINE POST START
N1 RPM 71% minimum.
IF EXTERNAL POWER WAS USED: DISCONNECT
GEN 1 switch ON.
GEN 2 switch ON. (BAT BUS 1 will switch off automatically).
NR 85% or above.
Caution lights Check all extinguished except AFCS.
ENG, XMSN,AND GEAR BOX OIL Check temperatures and presures within limits.
AMPS 1 and 2 Within limits.
Radios ON as required.
ELT (if installed) Check for inadvertent transmission.

ENGINE FAILS TO START


IDLE STOP release Actuate.
Throttle Fully close.
Starter Disengage.
FUEL switch OFF.
BOOST PUMP switch OFF.
After N1 has decreased to zero Allow 30 seconds for fuel to drain from engine
Before attempting another start Conduct a DRY MOTORING RUN.

DRY MOTORING RUN


Throttle Fully closed.
BOOST PUMP switch ON.
FUEL switch ON.
IGN circuit breaker Pull out.
Starter Engage for 15 seconds, then disengage.
FUEL switch OFF.
BOOST PUMP switch OFF.
IGN circuit breaker Push in.
Allow the required cooling period for the starter before proceeding.

PAG. 4 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


PNF PF RMK SYSTEMS CHECK
STICK CENTERING INDICATOR CHECKED.
FORCE TRIM CHECKED.
PRELIMINARY HYDRAULIC CHECKED.
ENGINE FUEL CONTROL CHECKED.
GOVERNOR CHECKED.

FUEL CROSSFEED & INTERCONNECT CHECKED.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS CHECKED.


HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS CHECKED.
AFCS CHECKED.
CABIN HEATER CHECKED.

BEFORE TAKE OFF


ENGINE INSTRUMENTS WITHIN OPERATING RANGES
GEARBOX INSTRUMENTS WITHIN OPERATING RANGES
TRANSMISSION INSTRUMENTS WITHIN OPERATING RANGES
HYDRAULIC INSTRUMENTS WITHIN OPERATING RANGES
ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS WITHIN OPERATING RANGES
CAUTION AND WARNING LIGHTS EXTINGUISHED
Throttles Full open. Adjust frictions.
RPM switch Minimum beep (DECR for 4-5 seconds).
RPM (trim) switch Minimum trim (-2 for 4-5 seconds).
NR Check 95% or greater.
RPM switch INC to obtain 100%.
RPM (trim) switch 2 or -2 to match torques at 100%.
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS CHECK OPERATION AND SET.
POSITION lights As required.
ANTI COLL lights ON.
PITOT-STATIC HEATERS switch ON. (observed weather conditions).
Radio(s) Check functioning.
Cyclic control Centered or slightly into the wind.
EMERGENCY COMM panel (if installed) Check for single pilot operations.
AFCS HP1 and HP2 ENGAGED and select ATT
or SAS mode as desired.
FORCE TRIM switch ON in ATT mode, as desired in SAS mode.
COCKPIT VOICE RECORDER TEST
switch (if installed) Press and hold for 3 seconds.
STEP switch (if installed) As desired.
Passenger seat belts Fastened.
All doors Secured.

PAG. 5 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


PNF PF RMK TAKE OFF
Area Clear.
RPM (trim) switch Adjust to obtain matching torque, N1, or ITT,
as required, and 100% NR.
Hover power Check torque required to hover at 4 feet skid
height.
Cyclic control Apply forward cyclic to accelerate smoothly.
Collective pitch Adjust as desired after reaching 45 KIAS.
Airspeed Within limits (60 KIAS minimum for IFR).

IN-FLIGHT OPERATIONS
Maintain 100% NR/N2 For flight operations above 6000 feet HD.
ENG 97 to 100% (Continuous operation at or below
6000 feet HD) or 100% (Continuous
operation above 6000 feet HD).
Airspeed Within limits for flight altitude.
Engine, gearbox, and transmission
instruments Within limits.

DESCENT AND LANDING


Flight controls Adjust friction as desired.
AFCS Engage ATT or SAS mode as desired.
FORCE TRIM switch ON in ATT mode, as desired in SAS mode.
Throttles Full open.
ENG 100% RPM N2.
Flight path Stay clear of AVOID area of Height-velocity
diagram.
STEP SWITCH (if installed) As desired.

AFTER LANDING
Collective pitch Full down.
Pedals Centered.
FORCE TRIM switch ON.
FORCE TRIM release button Depress and check for actuator centering.
AFCS SAS mode.

PAG. 6 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


PNF PF RMK ENGINE SHUTDOWN
HP1 and HP2 Disengage.
Cyclic Friction as desired. Maintain cyclic stick as near
as center as possible at all rotors speed.
Throttles Reduce to 77% to 85% NR, as desired.
Stick centering check Complete.
ITT Stabilize for 1 minute.
ELT (if installed) Check for inadvertent transmision.
STBY ATTD switch (if installed) OFF.
EMER LT switch (if installed) DISARM.
Engine instruments Within limits.
IDLE STOP release switch ENG 1 position
Engine 1 throttle Fully closed. Check ITT and N1 decreasing.
BATTERY BUS 1 switch ON.
IDLE STOP release switch ENG 2 position.
Engine 2 throttle Fully closed. Check ITT and N1 decreasing.
GEN 1 and 2 switches OFF.
INV 1 and 2 OFF.
Engine 1 and 2 FUEL switches OFF.
Engine 1 and 2 BOOST PUMP switches OFF.
Engine 1 and 2 FUEL TRANS switches OFF.
Radios OFF.
Rotor brake As desired. Apply at or below 40% ROTOR RPM
Pilot Remain at flight controls until rotor has come
to a complete stop.
Lighting and miscellaneous switches OFF.
BATTERY BUS 1 and BUS 2 switches OFF.
Collective down lock Secured as desired.

PAG. 7 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


WEIGHT & FUEL

LONGITUDINAL LATERAL
Weight CG MOMENT CG MOMENT
Weight Empty
oil
pilot
copilot
passengers 5 man seat
passengers 4 man seat
passenger 2 man RH seat
passenger 2 man LH seat
cargo
baggage

Basic Operation Weight + Payload

.+ takeoff fuel

Takeoff Condition
Basic Operation Weight + Payload

.+ Critical Forward Fuel

Most Forward Condition


Basic Operation Weight + Payload

.+ Critical Aft Fuel

Most Aft Condition


Basic Operation Weight + Payload

.+ Landing Fuel

Landing Condition

PAG. 8 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071


LISTADO DE PAGINAS EN VIGOR

Edicin Pgina Revisin


01/13 PAG 1 01/13
01/13 PAG.2 01/13
01/13 PAG.3 01/13
01/13 PAG.4 01/13
01/13 PAG.5 01/13
01/13 PAG.6 01/13
01/13 PAG.7 01/13
01/13 PAG.8 01/13
01/13 PAG.9 01/13

Elaborado por Supervisado por Aprobado por

Departamento de Dpto.Seguridad Responsable de


Operaciones Operacional Operaciones
Rafael Crespo Garca J. Carlos
Eugenio Ricote Loeches Daz Otazu

PAG. 9 DE 9 EC-GPA 36071