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TEMPORARY WORKS DESIGN CALCULATIONS

FOR

PROPOSED NEW ERECTION


OF A 2-STOREY
TERRACED HOUSE
WITH AN ATTIC
ON LOT 04595C MK 17
AT NO. 4 MERRYN TERRACE
(NOVENA PLANNING AREA)

A2371-01606-2016 ST1

DATE: NOVEMBER 2016

LTM Consultants
CivilandStructuralConsultingEngineers
B l k 2 6 C J a l a n M e m b i n a # 0 4 - 1 8 4
Singapore 166026
Email: ltmconsultants@gmail.com
1

A1278-01512-2015 ST10
03

124
2

PROPOSED ERECTION OF A 2-STOREY ENVELOPE CONTROL

SEMI-DETACHED DWELLING HOUSE WITH AN ATTIC AND

BASEMENT ON LOT 7321V MK 18 AT 86 CLOVER AVENUE,


SINGAPORE 579358 BISHAN PLANNING AREA

TABLE CONTENTS

1 PE CERTIFICATION 1

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2

3 GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND DESIGN INFORMATION 3-8

4 SECTION A-A
SHEETPILE SHORING FOR BASEMENT EXCAVATION 9

- DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 1 10-26

- DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 2 27-43

5 SECTION B-B/C-C

SOILDIER PILE SHORING FOR SWIMMING POOL EXCAVATION 44

- DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 1 45-63

- DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 2 64-84

6 SECTION A-A - STRUCTURES MEMBER DESIGN CHECK 85-93

7 SECTION B-B/C-C - STRUCTURES MEMBER DESIGN CHECK 94-102

8 SOIL REPORT 103-123

9 PE CERTIFICATION 124
1. DESIGN INFORMATION

Introduction

This report present the FEM Plaxis analyses of temporary shoring works design
for construction of basement and analysis the impact / deformation to the
surrounding for the project Proposed New Erection Of A 2-Storey Terraced
House With An Attic On Lot 04595c Mk 17 At No 4 Merryn Terrace (Novena
Planning Area)

The excavation involve at construction Rc trench basement works at gridline 6/A-


C with maximum 3.5m depth from existing ground level using sheetpile with 1
layer of horizontal strut as shown in Section A-A.

Code of Practice

All civil and structural works are designed according to the latest edition of the
following relevant Standards and Codes of Practice:

SN EN 1990 Basis Of Structural Design


SN EN 1991 Action On Structures
SN EN 1992 Design Of Concrete Structures
SN EN 1993 Design Of Steel Structures
SS EN 1997 Geotechnical Design
BC1:2012 Design Guide On Use Of Alternative Structural Steel To
EC3
TR26: 2010 Technical Reference for Deep Excavation
BCA Advisory Note 1/09 On Deep Excavation
BCA Design Consideration for Earth Retaining or Stabilising
Structures
BCA Approved Document Acceptable Solution
BCA The Building Control (Amendment) Regulation 2014
Design Loading

The design has allowed for the following loads:

- General Surcharge Loading 10 kPa for sheetpile/soldier pile

- Earth Lateral Pressure

- Water Pressure

Design Consideration for TERS

Due to short construction period, undrained soil behavior was analyzed in


software.
Total Stress Soil Parameters were used.
Reduction of Soil Parameters is considered as per requirement.
Ground water table considered at 1m. (Soil report show W.L. 1.8m from
existing GL)
Pore pressure distribution using Steady-State groundwater flow calculation
0.5m of Over - Excavation (Unplanned excavation) is considered.
10kPa Surcharge Load is considered.
One Strut Failure case was considered.

Steel Section for Sheetpile

The minimum characteristic strength of the re-used sheetpile shall be as follows:


S275 275 N/mm2

Geological Profile / Site Condition

The design ground condition for the design of TERS is based on the 1 no borelog
information given in the soil report. 5 type of soil report profiles are used in the
analysis.

The soil report profiles and properties are summarized in the table as shown in the
design analysis part
DESIGN SUMMARY OF TERS

Description Max Proposed Ground Surcharge


Excavation TERS System Water Level (From G.L.) Load
Depth
Rc Trench 3.5m Sheetpile with strut - Full water from GL 10 kPa
Excavation- (0.5m of over and, waler and steel considered (soil report
Sheetpile using Excavation lagging shown 1.8 m)
horizontal strut, Is considered)
waler and steel
lagging.(Section
A-A)

PLAXIS ANALYSIS RESULT SUMMARY

Description Case Max. Max. Lateral Max. Ground Max. Lateral


Ground Movement at Settlement at Movement at
Settlement at Boundary Behind the Behind the
Boundary line Sheetpile Sheetpile
line
RC Trench
Excavation - DA1-1 4.51 mm 9.05 mm 2.43 mm 10.38 mm
Sheetpile using
horizontal strut,
waler and steel DA1-2 6.27 mm 14.91 mm 1.74 mm 16.40 mm
lagging.
Section A-A

Description Case Max. ult Max. Max. Shear Max. strut Over Design Remarked
UDL Bending force on force Factor
Load on Moment on sheepile
Waller sheet pile

Basement
Excavation - DA1-1 62.58.kN/m 85.17 kNm 62.58 kN/m 71.74 kN/m 3.505 OK
Sheetpile using
horizontal strut,
waler and steel
lagging. DA1-2 67.75 kN//m 92.88.kN/m 67.75 kN/m 80.23.kN/m 2.503 OK
Section A-A .
General Excavation/ Construction Sequence in Design Analysis
(Excavation for sheet pile with MS lagging-Section A-A:)

1 Initial phase
2 Install sheet pile
3 Apply surcharge
4 Excavation down to 1.0m from ground level
5 Install waler and strut
6 Excavation down to formation level
7 Unplanned excavation
8 Over design factor

2 CONCLUSION

Based on the design calculation and software analysis, we conclude the proposed
temporary works for excavation basement works sufficient to withstand the
design load. And the impact to the existing facilities ( i.e road and ex buildings)
are minor for both construction basement works.

For safety reason, necessary monitoring points will be installed on site around the
shaft and along the perimeter boundary monitor the movement of shaft and
surrounding soil. And site supervisor should give instruction based on the result
of and our proposed alert and suspension levels are as follow :

Alert Level Work Suspension Level


Ground Settlement/
Building settlement 17 mm 25 mm
marker
Lateral Movement 17 mm 25 mm
Tilt plate 1/700 (angle) 1/500 (angle)

Precaution measures to safeguard the integrity of the surrounding


buildings and the contingency measures to be taken should damages
occur arising out of construction works

The contractors site supervisor and RTO shall be present on site during
excavation and basement works to monitor and soil movement around the
excavation site. With neighbors permission, external walls of the surrounding
houses shall on frequent basis for any new cracks arising or existing cracks
becoming larger or for any appreciable settlement. Should these occur, the
contractor should stop all works immediately. A through investigation will be
conducted by all the part or if existing cracks were to become worse, the
contractor is to quickly rectify such cracks before the recommence.
9

SECTION A-A
SHEETPILE SHORING FOR RC TRENCH EXCAVATION
1. Loads & boundary conditions

1.1. Load system A

Table [1] Distributed loads A -DA1-1 (SECTION A-A)

Loads First node qx qy Last node qx qy

no. [kN/m/m] [kN/m/m] [kN/m/m] [kN/m/m]

1 2179 0.000 15.000 1001 0.000 15.000

2 6303 0.000 15.000 5521 0.000 15.000

2. Material data

Fig. 1 Plot of geometry with material data sets


PLAXIS 8.x Professional version 2

Table [2] Soil data sets parameters -DA1-1 (SECTION A-A)

Mohr-Coulomb 1 2 3 4

Stiff Gravelly CLAY Very soft W Very soft D Very sof CLAY
Clay CLAY

Type UnDrained UnDrained UnDrained UnDrained

unsat [kN/m] 16.80 1.80 1.80 15.80

sat [kN/m] 18.80 1.80 1.80 16.80

kx [m/day] 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000

ky [m/day] 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000

einit [-] 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500

ck [-] 1E15 1E15 1E15 1E15

Eref [kN/m] 14400.000700.000 700.000 7800.000

[-] 0.300 0.300 0.300 0.300

Gref [kN/m] 5538.462 3000.000 2192.308 3000.000

Eoed [kN/m] 19384.615 10500.000 7673.077 10500.000

cref [kN/m] 48.00 26.00 19.00 26.00

[] 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

[] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Einc [kN/m/m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


]

yref [m] 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

cincrement [kN/m/m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


]

Tstr. [kN/m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Rinter. [-] 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80

Interface Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral

permeability
PLAXIS 8.x Professional version 3

Mohr-Coulomb 5

Firm Sandy Silty


CLAY

Type UnDrained

unsat [kN/m] 16.00

sat [kN/m] 18.00

kx [m/day] 0.001

ky [m/day] 0.001

einit [-] 0.500

ck [-] 1E15

Eref [kN/m] 21600.000

[-] 0.300

Gref [kN/m] 8307.692

Eoed [kN/m] 29076.923

cref [kN/m] 72.00

[] 35.00

[] 0.00

Einc [kN/m/m 0.00


]

yref [m] 0.000

cincrement [kN/m/m 0.00


]

Tstr. [kN/m] 0.00

Rinter. [-] 1.00

Interface Neutral

permeability
PLAXIS 8.x Professional version 4

Table [3] Beam data sets parameters

no. Identification EA EI w Mp Np

[kN/m] [kNm/m] [kN/m/m] [-] [kNm/m] [kN/m]

1 Sheetpiler 3.81E6 31160.00 1.00 0.20 1E15 1E15

Table [4] Anchor data sets parameters

no. Identification EA |Fmax,comp| |Fmax,tens| L spacing

[kN] [kN] [kN] [m]

1 strut 613200.00 1E15 1E15 1.90

3. Calculation phases

Table [5] List of phases -DA1-1 (SECTION A-A)

Phase Ph-No. Start phase Calculation type Load input First step Last step

Initial phase 0 0 - 0 0

Install sheetpile 1 0 Plastic analysis Staged construction 1 2

Applied surchange 2 1 Plastic analysis Staged construction 3 4

Excavation 1.0m 3 2 Plastic analysis Staged construction 5 6


down

Install strut and 4 3 Plastic analysis Staged construction 7 8


waler

Excavation down to 5 4 Plastic analysis Staged construction 9 37


formation level

0.5m Unplanned 6 5 Plastic analysis Staged construction 38 42


excavation

Over Design Factor 7 5 Phi/c reduction Incremental multipliers 43 142


10

DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 1


11

Design Case of DA1-Combination 1

SUMMARY OF PARTIAL FACTORS FOR DA1-C1 (BASED ON NA TO SS EN 1997-1:2010)

DA1 Combination 1
A1 M1 R1
Action
Permanent (unfav.) 1.35
Permanent (Fav.) 1.00
Variable (unfav.) 1.50
Soil
tan 1.00
c 1.00
Cu 1.00
Unit wt. 1.00
Plaxis 8.6

0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00

A A A A
20.00
11 11
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 22 22 22 22 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 2 2 2 2 2 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 22 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 21 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 12 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
15.00 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 31 2 2
2 2 3 33 3 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 33 1 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3
3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 3 2 2
3 3 3 31 4 43 3 13 3 3
3
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 44 44 4 44 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
3
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 4 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 4 44 4 4 3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 414 4 44 414 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 44 4 44 4 44 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 14 4 4 4 41 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 414 4 4 4414
4 4 4 4 4 4
10.00 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4
4 41 14
4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4 14 4 4 4 1 4 4 4
4 4
4 4 4 4
4
4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 4444 44 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4
4 4
4 4
4 4 4 4 4 1 4 44 4 14 4 4
4 4 4 4
4
4 4 4
4 4 4 4144 4 444 4 414 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 14 4 4 41 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

5 5 5 5 5 5
5
5 5 5 5 5 5155 5 5 5 515 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5.00 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5

Deformed mesh
-3
Extreme total displacement 27.50*10 m
(displacements scaled up 50.00 times)

PLAXIS
Project description

Excaxavation down to formation level - Section A-A (DA1-1)


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 144 26-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00

A A A A

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

Horizontal displacements (Ux)


-3
Extreme Ux 10.41*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level - Section A-A (DA1-1)


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 253 26-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00

A A A A

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

Vertical displacements (Uy)


-3
Extreme Uy 27.50*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level - Section A-A (DA1-1)


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 253 26-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00

-3
[*10 m]

20.00
A

40.000

18.00

32.000

16.00

28.000

14.00
24.000

12.00
20.000

10.00 16.000

8.00
12.000

8.000
6.00

4.000
4.00

0.000
A*

Horizontal displacements Ux
-3
Extreme Ux -10.38*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level Section A-A (DA1-1)-behind sheetpile


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses Merryn Terra... 253 26-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00

-3
[*10 m]

20.00
A 10.000

18.00 8.000

7.000
16.00

6.000
14.00

5.000
12.00

4.000
10.00

3.000
8.00

2.000
6.00

1.000
4.00

0.000
A*

Vertical displacements Uy
-3
Extreme Uy 2.43*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level Section A-A (DA1-1)-behind sheetpile


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 253 26-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00

-3
[*10 m]

20.00
A

32.000
18.00

24.000
16.00

14.00 20.000

12.00
16.000

10.00
12.000

8.00

8.000

6.00

4.000

4.00

0.000
A*

Horizontal displacements Ux
-3
Extreme Ux -9.05*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level Section A-A (DA1-1)-at boundary line


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 253 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00

-3
[*10 m]

20.00
A

16.000
18.00

12.000
16.00

14.00 10.000

12.00
8.000

10.00
6.000

8.00

4.000

6.00

2.000

4.00

0.000
A*

Vertical displacements Uy
-3
Extreme Uy -4.51*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level Section A-A (DA1-1)-at boundary line


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 253 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00

[kNm/m]

20.00

320.000

18.00
280

16.00 240

200
14.00

160
12.00

120

10.00

80

8.00

40

6.00
0

Bending moments
Extreme bending moment -85.17 kNm/m

PLAXIS
Project description

Unplanned Excavation Section A-A (DA1-1) - Sheet piles


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 44 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00

[kN/m]

20.00 250.000

225

18.00

200

16.00
175

150
14.00

125

12.00
100

10.00 75

50

8.00

25

6.00
0

Shear forces
Extreme in plane shear force -62.58 kN/m

PLAXIS
Project description

Unplanned Excavation Section A-A (DA1-1) - Sheet piles


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 44 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : Unplanned Excavation Section A-A (DA1-1) - Strut Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-1 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : DA1-1.044 - Node-to-node Anchor info Step : 44 Page : 1

Node-to-node Node X Y F |Fmax,comp| |Fmax,tens| EA Ls


12 12 3
Anchor [m] [m] [m] [kN/m] [10 kN/m] [10 kN/m] [10 kN/m] [m]

1 2486 13.550 19.700 -71.744 526.316 526.316 322.737 1.900

4385 16.500 19.700 -71.744 526.316 526.316 322.737 1.900


PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : Over Design Factor (O.D.F) Section A-A - DA1-1 Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-1 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : Calculation information Step : 144 Page : 1

Step Info

Step 144 of 253 Incremental multipliers 2.000


Plastic STEP 0.000

Prescribed displacements Mdisp: 0.000 -Mdisp: 1.000


Load system A MloadA: 0.000 -MloadA: 1.000
Load system B MloadB: 0.000 -MloadB: 1.000
Soil weight Mweight: 0.000 -Mweight: 1.000
Acceleration Maccel: 0.000 -Maccel: 0.000
Strength reduction factor Msf: 0.002 -Msf: 3.505 > 1.0 OK
Time Increment: 0.000 End time: 0.000

Staged construction

Active proportion of total area Marea : 0.000 Marea : 0.980


Active proportion of stage Mstage : 0.000 Mstage : 0.000
PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : Over Design Factor (O.D.F) Section A-A - DA1-1 Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-1 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : Calculation information Step : 144 Page : 2

Tunnels
Contraction tunnel A Contraction tunnel B

Input value [%] N/A N/A


Realised value [%] N/A N/A

Forces Consolidation
2
ForceX 0.000 kN/m Realised Pmax : 246.110 kN/m
ForceY 0.000 kN/m
PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : Over Design Factor (O.D.F) Section A-A - DA1-1 Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-1 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : Calculation information Step : 144 Page : 3

Plastic STEP

Iter. Global Plastic Plastic Cap + Inacc. Plastic Inacc. Apex & Inacc.
No. Error Points Hard. points Pl. pts. Intf. pts. Intf. pts. Tension Apx. pts.

1 0.006 7461 0 6093 251 251 1165 79


2 0.004 7454 0 0 251 43 1164 0
3 0.003 7447 0 0 251 53 1163 0
4 0.003 7443 0 0 251 53 1163 0
5 0.003 7443 0 0 251 53 1162 0
6 0.003 7445 0 0 251 53 1162 0
7 0.002 7445 0 0 251 53 1162 0
8 0.002 7446 0 0 251 53 1161 0
9 0.002 7445 0 0 251 52 1160 0
10 0.002 7444 0 0 251 52 1159 0
11 0.002 7445 0 0 251 51 1159 0
12 0.002 7444 0 0 251 51 1159 0
13 0.002 7445 0 0 251 50 1159 0
14 0.002 7446 0 0 251 50 1159 0
15 0.002 7445 0 0 251 48 1158 0
16 0.002 7446 0 0 251 47 1158 0
17 0.002 7447 0 0 251 47 1159 0
18 0.002 7446 0 0 251 46 1159 0
19 0.002 7446 0 0 251 44 1159 0
20 0.002 7446 0 0 251 43 1159 0
21 0.002 7446 0 0 251 43 1159 0
22 0.002 7447 0 0 251 40 1160 0
23 0.002 7448 0 0 251 39 1160 0
24 0.002 7449 0 0 251 37 1161 0
25 0.002 7451 0 0 251 37 1162 0
26 0.002 7452 0 0 251 35 1162 0
27 0.002 7453 0 0 251 33 1162 0
28 0.002 7454 0 0 251 29 1162 0
29 0.002 7453 0 0 251 25 1163 0
27

DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 2


31

Design Case of DA1-Combination 2

SUMMARY OF PARTIAL FACTORS FOR DA1-C2 (BASED ON NA TO SS EN 1997-1:2010)

DA1 Combination 2
(without explicit verification)
A2 M1 M2 R4
Action
Permanent (unfav.) 1.00
Permanent (Fav.) 1.00
Variable (unfav.) 1.30
Soil
tan 1.00 1.25
c 1.00 1.25
Cu 1.00 1.40
Unit wt. 1.00 1.00
1. Loads & boundary conditions

1.1. Load system A

Table [1] Distributed loads A - DA1-2 (SECTION A-A)

Loads First node qx qy Last node qx qy

no. [kN/m/m] [kN/m/m] [kN/m/m] [kN/m/m]

1 2125 0.000 13.000 911 0.000 13.000

2 6255 0.000 13.000 5463 0.000 13.000

2. Material data

Fig. 1 Plot of geometry with material data sets


PLAXIS 8.x Professional version 2

Table [2] Soil data sets parameters - DA1-2 (SECTION A-A)

Mohr-Coulomb 1 2 3 4

Stiff Gravelly CLAY Very soft Peaty Clay Very soft Marine Very sof CLAY
CLAY

Type UnDrained UnDrained UnDrained UnDrained

unsat [kN/m] 16.80 13.80 14.80 15.80

sat [kN/m] 18.80 14.80 15.80 16.80

kx [m/day] 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000

ky [m/day] 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000

einit [-] 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500

ck [-] 1E15 1E15 1E15 1E15

Eref [kN/m] 14400.000 7800.000 5700.000 7800.000

[-] 0.300 0.300 0.300 0.300

Gref [kN/m] 5538.462 3000.000 2192.308 3000.000

Eoed [kN/m] 19384.615 10500.000 7673.077 10500.000

cref [kN/m] 34.00 18.00 13.00 18.00

[] 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

[] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Einc [kN/m/m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


]

yref [m] 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

cincrement [kN/m/m 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


]

Tstr. [kN/m] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Rinter. [-] 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80

Interface Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral

permeability
PLAXIS 8.x Professional version 3

Mohr-Coulomb 5

Firm Sandy Silty


CLAY

Type UnDrained

unsat [kN/m] 16.00

sat [kN/m] 18.00

kx [m/day] 0.001

ky [m/day] 0.001

einit [-] 0.500

ck [-] 1E15

Eref [kN/m] 21600.000

[-] 0.300

Gref [kN/m] 8307.692

Eoed [kN/m] 29076.923

cref [kN/m] 51.00

[] 35.00

[] 0.00

Einc [kN/m/m 0.00


]

yref [m] 0.000

cincrement [kN/m/m 0.00


]

Tstr. [kN/m] 0.00

Rinter. [-] 1.00

Interface Neutral

permeability
PLAXIS 8.x Professional version 4

-DA1-2 (SECTION A-A)

Table [3] Beam data sets parameters

no. Identification EA EI w Mp Np

[kN/m] [kNm/m] [kN/m/m] [-] [kNm/m] [kN/m]

1 Sheetpiler 3.81E6 31160.00 1.00 0.20 1E15 1E15

Table [4] Anchor data sets parameters

no. Identification EA |Fmax,comp| |Fmax,tens| L spacing

[kN] [kN] [kN] [m]

1 strut 613200.00 1E15 1E15 1.90

2. Calculation phases

Table [5] List of phases -DA1-2 (SECTION A-A)

Phase Ph-No. Start Calculation type Load input First step Last step
phase

Initial phase 0 0 - 0 0

Install sheetpile 1 0 Plastic analysis Staged construction 1 2

Applied surchange 2 1 Plastic analysis Staged construction 3 4

Excavation 1.0m down 3 2 Plastic analysis Staged construction 5 6

Install strut and waler 4 3 Plastic analysis Staged construction 7 8

Excavation down to 5 4 Plastic analysis Staged construction 9 26


formation level

0.5m Unplanned 6 5 Plastic analysis Staged construction 27 33


excavation

Over Design Factor 7 5 Phi/c reduction Incremental multipliers 34 133


Plaxis 8.6

0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00

A A A A

20.00
11 11
1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 11
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 22 22 22 22 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2122 2 2 212 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2
15.00 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 221 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 33
3 3 31 3 3 3 3
3 331 3
3
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 33 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
3
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 31 3 3 3 3 13 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 4 4 3 3 3
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4144 4 4 4 4414 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 44 4 44 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 14 4 4 4 41 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
1 4 1 4 4
10.00 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4
4
4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 144 4 4 41 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 14 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 41 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 14 4 4 4 41 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4
4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4 4
4 4 4 414 4 44 44 41 4 4 4
4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 4 44 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 41 4 4 44 44 4 414 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 15 5 5 51 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5.00 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
5 5

Deformed mesh
-3
Extreme total displacement 49.87*10 m
(displacements scaled up 20.00 times)

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level -Section A-A (DA1-2)


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00

A A A A

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

Horizontal displacements (Ux)


-3
Extreme Ux 16.44*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level-Section A-A (DA1-2)


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00

A A A A

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

Vertical displacements (Uy)


-3
Extreme Uy 49.87*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level-Section A-A (DA1-2)


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00

-3
[*10 m]

70.000
20.00
A

18.00
50.000

16.00

40.000
14.00

12.00
30.000

10.00

20.000
8.00

6.00
10.000

4.00

0.000
A*

Horizontal displacements Ux
-3
Extreme Ux -16.40*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level-Section A-A (DA1-2)-behind sheetpile


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00 34.00

-3
[*10 m]

20.00
A
7.000

18.00

5.000

16.00

14.00 4.000

12.00

3.000

10.00

2.000
8.00

6.00
1.000

4.00

0.000
A*

Vertical displacements Uy
-3
Extreme Uy 1.70*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level-Section A-A (DA1-2)-behind sheetpile


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00

-3
[*10 m]

A
20.00
48.000

18.00 40.000

36.000
16.00

32.000

14.00
28.000

12.00 24.000

20.000
10.00

16.000

8.00

12.000

6.00
8.000

4.000
4.00

0.000
A*

Horizontal displacements Ux
-3
Extreme Ux -14.91*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level-Section A-A (DA1-2)-at boundary line


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00 34.00

-3
[*10 m]

A
20.00

20.000

18.00

16.000

16.00
14.000

14.00
12.000

12.00
10.000

10.00 8.000

6.000
8.00

4.000
6.00

2.000
4.00

0.000
A*

Vertical displacements Uy
-3
Extreme Uy -6.27*10 m

PLAXIS
Project description

Excavation down to formation level-Section A-A (DA1-2)-at boundary line


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 26 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00

[kNm/m]

20.00
360.000

18.00
320

280
16.00

240

14.00

200

12.00 160

120
10.00

80

8.00

40

6.00
0

Bending moments
Extreme bending moment -92.88 kNm/m

PLAXIS
Project description

Uplanned Excavation Section A-A (DA1-2) - Sheet piles


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 33 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
Plaxis 8.6

4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00

[kN/m]

275.000
20.00

250

18.00
225

200
16.00

175

14.00
150

125
12.00

100

10.00
75

50
8.00

25

6.00
0

Shear forces
Extreme in plane shear force -67.75 kN/m

PLAXIS
Project description

Unplanned Excavation Section A-A (DA1-2) - Sheet piles


Project name Step Date User name

Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses 4 Merryn Terra... 33 27-11-16 Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Version 8.6.0.1133
PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : Unplanned Excavation Section A-A (DA1-2) - Strut Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-2 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : DA1-2.033 - Node-to-node Anchor info Step : 33 Page : 1

Node-to-node Node X Y F |Fmax,comp| |Fmax,tens| EA Ls


12 12 3
Anchor [m] [m] [m] [kN/m] [10 kN/m] [10 kN/m] [10 kN/m] [m]

1 2486 13.550 19.700 -80.233 526.316 526.316 322.737 1.900

4385 16.500 19.700 -80.233 526.316 526.316 322.737 1.900


PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : Overr Design Factor (O.D.F) Section A-A - DA1-2 Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-2 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : Calculation information Step : 133 Page : 1

Step Info

Step 133 of 133 Incremental multipliers 2.000


Plastic STEP 0.000

Prescribed displacements Mdisp: 0.000 -Mdisp: 1.000


Load system A MloadA: 0.000 -MloadA: 1.000
Load system B MloadB: 0.000 -MloadB: 1.000
Soil weight Mweight: 0.000 -Mweight: 1.000
Acceleration Maccel: 0.000 -Maccel: 0.000
Strength reduction factor Msf: 0.004 -Msf: 2.503 > 1.0 OK
Time Increment: 0.000 End time: 0.000

Staged construction

Active proportion of total area Marea : 0.000 Marea : 0.980


Active proportion of stage Mstage : 0.000 Mstage : 0.000
PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : ver Design Factor (O.D.F) Section A-A - DA1-2 Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-2 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : Calculation information Step : 133 Page : 2

Tunnels
Contraction tunnel A Contraction tunnel B

Input value [%] N/A N/A


Realised value [%] N/A N/A

Forces Consolidation
2
ForceX 0.000 kN/m Realised Pmax : 241.104 kN/m
ForceY 0.000 kN/m
PLAXIS - Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses

Project description : ver Design Factor (O.D.F) Section A-A - DA1-2 Plaxis 8.6
User name : Koxhiyoki Kabuto, Japan
Project name : 4 Merryn Terrace-DA1-2 Date : 27-Nov-16
Output : Calculation information Step : 133 Page : 3

Plastic STEP

Iter. Global Plastic Plastic Cap + Inacc. Plastic Inacc. Apex & Inacc.
No. Error Points Hard. points Pl. pts. Intf. pts. Intf. pts. Tension Apx. pts.

1 0.011 7251 0 6201 244 244 1080 202


2 0.007 7244 0 4 244 72 1078 0
3 0.005 7239 0 2 244 64 1076 0
4 0.004 7233 0 0 244 61 1073 0
5 0.004 7230 0 0 244 59 1072 0
6 0.004 7224 0 0 244 59 1069 0
7 0.003 7224 0 0 244 59 1069 0
8 0.003 7225 0 0 244 59 1069 0
9 0.003 7223 0 0 244 58 1069 0
10 0.003 7222 0 0 244 59 1069 0
11 0.003 7223 0 0 244 59 1069 0
12 0.003 7225 0 0 244 59 1070 0
13 0.003 7225 0 0 244 57 1070 0
14 0.003 7224 0 0 244 57 1070 0
15 0.003 7224 0 0 244 57 1070 0
16 0.002 7223 0 0 244 57 1070 0
17 0.002 7223 0 0 244 57 1070 0
18 0.002 7222 0 0 244 57 1070 0
19 0.002 7222 0 0 244 57 1070 0
20 0.002 7223 0 0 244 57 1071 0
21 0.002 7225 0 0 244 57 1071 0
22 0.002 7225 0 0 244 57 1071 0
23 0.002 7223 0 0 244 56 1071 0
24 0.002 7223 0 0 244 53 1071 0
25 0.002 7223 0 0 244 53 1071 0
26 0.002 7224 0 0 244 53 1071 0
27 0.002 7223 0 0 244 53 1071 0
28 0.002 7223 0 0 244 53 1071 0
29 0.002 7222 0 0 244 53 1071 0
30 0.002 7222 0 0 244 50 1071 0
31 0.002 7223 0 0 244 50 1071 0
32 0.002 7223 0 0 244 50 1070 0
33 0.002 7222 0 0 244 49 1070 0
85

SECTION A-A
STRUCTURES MEMBER DESIGN CHECK
LTM Consultants Project Sheet No.
Civil & Structural Consulting Engineers 4 MERRYN TERRACE

Blk 26C Jalan Membina Calculations for Job No.


#04-184 Singapore166026 ERSS 2016-019
Calcs by Checked by Approved by
DESIGN CALCULATIONS KL BL BL

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR SINGLE SPAN STEEL SECTION


IN ACCORDANCE WITH SS EN1993-1-1 AND SINGAPORE NA

PROJECT TITLE : TERS for Rc Trench at 4 Merryn Terrace.


LOCATION : RC Trench -Section A-A
BEAM NO : Sheetpile FSP III

DESIGN APPROVED COMBINATION 1

Moment resist by sheetpile FSP III :

Moment, MEd,DA1-1 = 85.17 kNm


Shear force; VEd,DA1-1 = 62.58 kN

DESIGN APPROVED COMBINATION 2

Moment resist by sheetpile FSP III :

Moment, MEd,DA1-2 = 92.88 kNm


Shear force; VEd,DA1-2 = 67.75 kN

Design Calculations for Sheetpile

Design moment, MEd = 92.88 kNm


Design shear force; VEd = 67.75 kN

EN 10025-2:2004 - Hot rolled products of structural steels

Section Properties : Sheetpile FSP III

Nominal thickness of element; t = 13 mm b = 400 mm


tw = mm h = 130 mm
Nominal yield strength; fy = 235 N/mm2
2
Nominal ultimate tensile strength; fu = 360 N/mm2 Area/m = 19100 mm
Modulus of elasticity; E = 210000 N/mm2 Wpl,y/m = 1340.00 cm2
Iy/m = 17400 cm4

Partial factors - Section 6.1


Resistance of cross-sections; mo = 1.00

Lateral restraint span has lateral restraint at supports only

Classification of cross sections - Section 5.5


Influence of material strength = 235/fy = 1.00

Check shear - Section 6.2.6

Reduction factor on property; = 0.8

2
Shear area, Av = 2(h .t) x1000/b = 8450.00 mm
Design shear resistance - cl 6.2.6(2); Vc,Rd = Av . (fy / 3) . /mo = 917.2 kN
=> PASS, Shear resistance exceeds design shear force

Check bending moment major (y-y) axis - Section 6.2.5

Design bending resistance moment - eq 6.13; Mc,Rd = Wpl.y.fy . / mo = 251.92 kNm


=> PASS, Moment resistance exceeds design moment

I:\Engineering\Excel program\EUROCODE\Steel-Euro\TERS-4 Merryn Terrace-SHEETPILE-Euro.xlsx


LTM Consultants Project Sheet No.
Civil & Structural Consulting Engineers 4 MERRYN TERRACE

Blk 26C Jalan Membina Calculations for Job No.


#04-184 Singapore166026 ERSS 2016-019
Calcs by Checked by Approved by
DESIGN CALCULATIONS KL BL BL

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR STEEL SECTION DESIGN


IN ACCORDANCE WITH SS EN1993-1-1 AND SINGAPORE NA

PROJECT : TERS for Rc Trench at 4 Merryn Terrace.

Waler for RC Trench excavation - Section A-A

Design Approach 1 - Combination 1

UDL from soldier pile = 35.69 kN/m

Design Approach 1 - Combination 2


UDL from soldier pile = 55.43 kN/m Critical

MAX LENGHT : 4.5 m

Design UDL load on waler = 55.43 kN/m

Moment, MEd = 72.27 kNm


Shear, FEd = 80.30 kN

One strut failure

MAX LENGHT : 6.00 m

UDL from soldier pile = 55.43 kN/m

Moment, MEd = 249.44 kNm Critical


Shear, FEd = 166.29 kN Critical

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF SOLDIER PILE-254x203x84.8 kg/m UB

EN 10025-2:2004 - Hot rolled products of structural steels

Section Properties : 254x203x84.8 kg/m UB

Nominal thickness of element; ft = 16.5 mm b = 211.3 mm


t
w = 16.5 mm h = 258.1 mm
Nominal yield strength; fy = 275 N/mm2 r = 12.7 mm
2
Nominal ultimate tensile strength; fu = 410 N/mm2 Area = 10800 mm
Modulus of elasticity; E = 210000 N/mm2 W pl,y = 1067.0 cm2
Iz = 692 cm4 Iy = 7048 cm4

Partial factors - Section 6.1


Resistance of cross-sections; M0 = 1.00

Lateral restraint span has lateral restraint at supports only

Classification of cross sections - Section 5.5


Influence of material strength = 235/fy = 0.924

I:\Engineering\Excel program\EUROCODE\Steel-Euro\TERS-4 Merryn Terrace-SHEETPILE-Euro.xlsx


Internal compression parts subject to bending - Table 5.2
Width of section c = h -2(tw + r ) = mm
c / tw = 11.2 < 72 => Class 1

Outstand flanges - Table 5.2 (sheet 2 of 3)


Width of section; c = ( b - tw - 2r )/2 = 84.7 mm
c / tf = 5.1 < 9 => Class 1

=> Section is Class 1

Check shear - Section 6.2.6

Height of web; hw = h - 2.tf = 225.1 mm hw/tw = 0.68


Shear area factor = 1.000
hw / tw < 72 x / = 0.68 < 72
=> Shear buckling resistance can be ignored
Shear area- Cl 6.2.6 (3)
2
Shear area, Av = Max (A - (2.b. f t) + ( tw +2r) x tf ; x hw x tw ) = 4518.45 mm
Design shear resistance - cl 6.2.6(2); Vc,Rd = Av . (fy / 3)/mo = 717.4 kN
=> PASS, Shear resistance exceeds design shear force

Check bending moment major (y-y) axis - Section 6.2.5

c,Rd = W pl.y x fy / mo =
Design bending resistance moment - eq 6.13; M 293.43 kNm
=> PASS, Moment resistance exceeds design moment

I:\Engineering\Excel program\EUROCODE\Steel-Euro\TERS-4 Merryn Terrace-SHEETPILE-Euro.xlsx


LTM Consultants Project Sheet No.
Civil & Structural Consulting Engineers 4 MERRYN TERRACE

Blk 26C Jalan Membina Calculations for Job No.


#04-184 Singapore166026 ERSS 2016-019
Calcs by Checked by Approved by
DESIGN CALCULATIONS KL BL BL

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR STEEL SECTION DESIGN


IN ACCORDANCE WITH SS EN1993-1-1 AND SINGAPORE NA

PROJECT : TERS for Rc Trench at 4 Merryn Terrace.

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF STRUT - 152x152x23.0 UC

Strut at 4.50 m interval

Design Approach 1 - Combination 1


NEd = 74.74 x 1.90 m = 142.01 kN

Design Approach 1 - Combination 2


NEd = 80.23 x 1.90 m = 152.44 kN

One strut failure

NEd = 80.23 x 2.85 m = 228.66 kN

Point load on strut = 50 kN accidential load

MEd,z1 (accidental) = 18.75 kNm VEd,z1 (accidental) = 25 kN


MEd,z2 ( seftweight) = 0.1 kNm VEd,z2 seftweight) = 0.5 kN
MEd,y = 19.3 kNm
Total MEd,z = MEd,z1+MEd,z2 = = 18.9 kNm VEd,z = EEd,z1+VEd,z2 = 25.5 kN

System length for buckling about z axis; Lz = 2.25 m


System length for buckling about y axis; Ly = 2.25 m

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF -152x152x23.0 kg/m UC

EN 10025-2:2004 - Hot rolled products of structural steels

Section Properties : 152x152x23.0 kg/m UC Steel Grade = S275

Nominal thickness of element; tf = 6.8 mm b = 152.2 mm


tw = 5.8 mm h = 152.4 mm
Nominal yield strength; fy = 275 N/mm 2 r = 7.6 mm
Nominal ultimate tensile strength; fu = 410 N/mm 2 Area = 2920 mm 2
Modulus of elasticity; E = 210000 N/mm 2 W pl,z = 164.0 cm 2
W pl,y = 52.6 cm 2
Iz = 1250 cm 4 Iy = 400 cm 4
iz = 65.4 mm iy = 37.0 mm

Buckling length for flexural buckling about y axis


End restraint factor; Ky = 1.00
Buckling length; Lcr_y = Ly .Ky = 2.25 m

Buckling length for flexural buckling about z axis


End restraint factor; Kz = 1.00
Buckling length; Lcr_z = Lz .Kz = 2.25 m

I:\Engineering\Excel program\EUROCODE\TERS\TERS-4 Merryn Terrace-SHEETPILE-Euro.xlsx


Partial factors - Section 6.1
Resistance of cross-sections; M0 = 1.00
Resistance of members to instability; M1 = 1.00

Lateral restraint span has lateral restraint at supports only

Classification of cross sections - Section 5.5


Influence of material strength = 235/fy = 0.924

Internal compression parts subject to bending - Table 5.2


Depth betwee fillets; c =h-2(t f+r) = mm
c/t w = 21.3
Length of web taken by axial load; l w = min ( N Ed / (fy x t w), c ) = 123.60
For class 1 & 2 proportion in compression; = (c/2 + l w/2) / c = 1.000
Limit for class 1 web; Limit I w = (396 ) / (13 - 1) = 30.51

=>The web is Class 1


Flange section classification (Table 5.2)
Outstand length; c rf = (b - t w) / 2 - r = mm
c/t f = 9.6
Conservatively assume uniform compression in flange
Limit for class 1 flange; Limit 1f = 9.0 = 8.32
Limit for class 1 flange; Limit 2f = 10.0 = 9.24
Limit for class 1 flange; Limit 3f = 14.0 = 12.94
=> The Flange is Class 2
=> The Section is Class 2

Check shear - Section 6.2.6

Shear area, Av = 2..b t f - ( t w + 2r ) t f = 1927 mm2


Design shear resistance - cl 6.2.6(2); V c,Rd = Av . (fy / 3)/mo = 306.0 kN
=> PASS, Shear resistance exceeds design shear force

Compression (cl. 6.2.4)

Design resistance; N c,Rdc, = N plRd = A x fy / M0 = 803 kN


=> PASS, The compression design resistance exceeds design force

Check bending moment major (y-y) axis - Section 6.2.5

Design bending resistance moment - eq 6.13; M c,Rd = W pl.z x fy / mo = 45.10 kNm


=> PASS, Moment resistance exceeds design moment

Buckling resistance (cl. 6.3)

Yield strength for buckling resistance; fy = 275 N/mm2

Flexural buckling about z axis


Elastic critical buckling force; N cr,z = 2 . E.I z / L cr_z2 = 5112.4 kN
Non-dimensional slenderness; z = (A . fy / N cr,z ) = 0.396
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); b
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); z = 0.34
Parameter ; = 0.5 [1 + Z ( z - 0.2) + z2 ] = 0.612
Reduction factor; z = min(1.0, 1 / [ Z + (Z2 - z 2 )]) = 0.93
Design buckling resistance; N b,z,Rd = z . A .fy / M1 = 744.81 kN

Flexural buckling about y axis


Elastic critical buckling force; N cr,y = 2 . E.Iy / L cr_y2 = 1635.96 kN
Non-dimensional slenderness; y = (A . fy / N cr,y ) = 0.701
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); c
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); z = 0.49
Parameter ; y = 0.5 [1 + y ( y - 0.2) + y2 ] = 0.868
Reduction factor; y = min(1.0, 1 / [ y + (y2 - y2 )]) = 0.72
Design buckling resistance; N b,,yRd = y . A .fy / M1 = 581.63 kN

=> PASS, The flexural buckling resistance exceeds design axial load

I:\Engineering\Excel program\EUROCODE\TERS\TERS-4 Merryn Terrace-SHEETPILE-Euro.xlsx


Torsional and torsional-flexural buckling (cl. 6.3.1.4)

Torsional buckling length factor; K t = 1.00


Effective buckling length; L cr_T = K T x max ( Ly, L z ) = 2.25 m
Distance from shear ctr to centroid along y axis; y 0 = 0.00 m
Distance from shear ctr to centroid along y axis; z 0 = 0.00 m
i0 = (iy2 + i z2 + y 02 + z02 ) = 75.14 mm
T = 1 - (y 0 / i 0)2 = 1.00
Shear modulus; G = E / [2 (1 + v )] = = 80.8 kN/mm2
Torsional Constant; I t = 22.2 cm4 Warping Constant; I w = 0.143 dm6
Elastic critical torsional buckling force; N cr,T = 1 / i 02 (G.I t + 2.E. I w / L cr_T 2) = 13534.2 kN 0.000177
Non-dimensional slenderness; T = (A . fy / N cr,T ) = 0.244 17930769231
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); c 58485686519
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); T = 0.49 13534.23
Parameter ; = 0.5 [1 + T ( T - 0.2) + T 2 ] = 0.540
Reduction factor; T = min(1.0, 1 / [ T + (2 - T2 )]) = 0.978
Design buckling resistance; N b,T,Rd = T . A .fy / M1 = 785.20 kN

=> PASS, The torsional/torsional-flexural buckling resistance exceeds design axial load

Minimum buckling resistance


Minimum buckling resistance; N b,Rd = min(Nb,z,Rd, Nb,T,Rd ) = 581.63 kN
=> PASS, The axial buckling resistance exceeds design axial load

Buckling resistance moment (cl.6.3.2.1)

Lateral torsional buckling length factor; K LT = 1.00


Effective buckling length ; L cr_LT = K LT x L z = 2.25 m
Moment distribution correction factor (Table 6.6); k c = 1.00
C1 = 1 / k c2 = 1.00 Curvature factor; g = [1 - ( I y/ I z)] 0.5
= 0.825
Elastic critical buckling moment; M cr = C 1.2 . E. I y [I w / I y + L cr_LT 2.G. I t /(2 .E.I y)]/(L cr_LT 2 .g) = 428.77 kNm
0.5
Slenderness ratio for lateral torsional buckling; LT = [W pl,y.fy / M cr] = 0.324
Limiting slenderness ratio; LT,0 = 0.4
Correction factor for rolled sections; r = 0.75
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); b
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); LT = 0.34
Parameter ; L = 0.5 [1 + LT ( LT - LT,0 ) +r. LT 2 ] = 0.527
Reduction factor; LT = min(1.0, 1 / [ TLT 2, 1/[LT + (2 - r .LT2 )]) = 1.000
Modification factor ; f = min(1 - 0.5 (1 - k c) [1 - 2 (LT - 0.8) 2 ], 1) = 1.000
Modified LTB reduction factor - eq 6.58; LT,mod = min( f, 1, LT ) = 1.000
Design buckling resistance moment; M b,Rd = LT,mod .W pl,z. fy / M1 = 45.1 kNm

=> PASS, The design buckling resistance moment exceeds design moment

Combined bending and axial compression (cl. 6.3.3)

Characteristic resistance to normal force; N Rk = A .fy = 803 kN


Characteristic moment resistance about z axis; M z,Rk = W pl,z. fy = 45.1 kN
Characteristic moment resistance about y axis; M y,Rk = W pl,y. fy = 14.5 kN
Moment distribution factor about z axis; Z = M z,Ed1, / M z,Ed2 = 1.000
Moment factor about z axis; C mz = max(0.4, 0.6 + 0.4) = 1.000
Moment distribution factor about Y axis; LT = M z,Ed1, / M z,Ed2 = = 1.000
Moment factor about z axis; C mLT = max(0.4, 0.6 + 0.4LT ) = 1.000
Interaction factor; k zz; k zz = C mz [1 + min(0.8, z - 0.2) N Ed / (z .N Rk / M1)] = 1.060
Interaction factor; k zy; k zy = 1 - min(0.1,0.1. y) NEd / (C mLT - 0.25) x (y .NRk / M1)] = 0.900
Interaction factor; k yy; k yy = C mz [1 + min(1.4,2 z - 0.6) N Ed / (z .N Rk / M1)] = 1.315
Interaction factor; k yz; k yz = 0.6 k yy = 0.789
Section utilisation; UR B_1 = N Ed / (z .NRk /) + k zz .M z.Ed / (XL.M z,Rk / M1 + k yz .M y.Ed/ (M y.Rk / M1) = 0.74
UR B_2 = N Ed / (y .NRk /) + k zy .M z.Ed / (XL.M z,Rk / M1 + k yy .M y.Ed/ (My .Rk / M1) = 0.83

=> PASS, The buckling resistance is adequate

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93

Basal Heave Stability Check


L= 17.0 m
B= 6.0 m
B/L = 0.35 B
H= 3.13
H/B = 0.52
H

Nc = 6.2
Cu = 17
15.2 T
q = 10 Hard Stratum

F.S. = CuNc/(H+q)
= 1.83 > 1.5
OK !

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94

SECTION C-C/B-B
STRUCTURES MEMBER DESIGN CHECK
95

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR STEEL SECTION DESIGN


IN ACCORDANCE WITH SS EN1993-1-1 AND SINGAPORE NA

PROJECT : TERS for 2-storey semi-D house at 86 Clover Ave.

Soldier pile for Swimmimg Pool excavation - Section C-C/B-B similar

DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 1

Moment resist by soldier pile :

Moment, MEd,DA1-1 = 4.36 kNm


Shear force; VEd,DA1-1 = 8.16 kN

DESIGN APPROACH COMBINATION 2

Moment resist by soldier pile :

Moment, MEd,DA1-2 = 4.76 kNm


Shear force; VEd,DA1-2 = 8.91 kN

Design Calculations for Soldier pile :

Design moment, MEd = 4.76 kNm


Design shear force; VEd = 8.91 kN

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF SOLDIER PILE-152x152x23.0 kg/m UC

EN 10025-2:2004 - Hot rolled products of structural steels

Section Properties : 152x152x23.0kg/m UC

Nominal thickness of element; tf = 6.8 mm b = 152.2 mm


tw = 5.8 mm h = 152.4 mm
Nominal yield strength; fy = 275 N/mm2 r = 7.6 mm
2
Nominal ultimate tensile strength; fu = 410 N/mm2 Area = 2912 mm
Modulus of elasticity; E = 210000 N/mm2 W pl,y = 164.0 cm 2

Iz = 400 cm4 Iy = 1250 cm4

Partial factors - Section 6.1


Resistance of cross-sections; M0 = 1.00

Lateral restraint span has lateral restraint at supports only

Classification of cross sections - Section 5.5


Influence of material strength = 235/fy = 0.924

Internal compression parts subject to bending - Table 5.2


Width of section c = h -2(tw + r ) = mm
c / tw = 19.7 < 72 => Class 1

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96

Outstand flanges - Table 5.2 (sheet 2 of 3)


Width of section; c = ( b - t w - 2r )/2 = 84.7 mm
c / tf = 6.3 < 9 => Class 1

=> Section is Class 1

Check shear - Section 6.2.6

Height of web; hw = h - 2.t f = 225.2 mm hw/tw = 2.89


Shear area factor; = 1.000
hw / tw < 72 x / = 2.89 < 72
=> Shear buckling resistance can be ignored
Shear area- Cl 6.2.6 (3)
2
Shear area, Av = Max (A - (2.b. t f ) + ( t w +2r) x t f ; x h w x t w ) = 3392.52 mm
Design shear resistance - cl 6.2.6(2); Vc,Rd = Av . (fy / 3)/mo = 538.6 kN
=> PASS, Shear resistance exceeds design shear force

Check bending moment major (y-y) axis - Section 6.2.5

Design bending resistance moment - eq 6.13; Mc,Rd = W pl.y x fy / mo = 189.20 kNm


=> PASS, Moment resistance exceeds design moment

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97

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR STEEL SECTION DESIGN


IN ACCORDANCE WITH SS EN1993-1-1 AND SINGAPORE NA

PROJECT : TERS for 2-storey semi-D house at 86 Clover Ave.

Waler for excavation for Swimming Pool excavation


- Section C-C/B-B similar

Design Approach 1 - Combination 1

UDL from soldier pile = 8.16 kN/m

Design Approach 1 - Combination 2


UDL from soldier pile = 8.91 kN/m

MAX LENGTH : 3 m

Design UDL load on waler = 8.91 kN/m

Moment, MEd = 8.02 kNm


Shear, FEd = 13.37 kN

One strut failure

MAX LENGTH : 4.50 m

UDL from soldier pile = 8.91 kN/m

Moment, MEd = 22.55 kNm Critical


Shear, FEd = 20.05 kN Critical

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF WALER -152x152x23.0 kg/m UC

EN 10025-2:2004 - Hot rolled products of structural steels

Section Properties : 152x152x23.0 kg/m UC

Nominal thickness of element; tf = 6.8 mm b = 152.2 mm


tw = 5.8 mm h = 152.4 mm
Nominal yield strength; fy = 275 N/mm2 r = 7.6 mm
2
Nominal ultimate tensile strength; fu = 410 N/mm2 Area = 2912 mm
2 2
Modulus of elasticity; E = 210000 N/mm W pl,y = 164.0 cm
4
Iz = 400 cm Iy = 1250 cm4

Partial factors - Section 6.1


Resistance of cross-sections; M0 = 1.00

Lateral restraint span has lateral restraint at supports only

Classification of cross sections - Section 5.5


Influence of material strength = 235/fy = 0.924

Internal compression parts subject to bending - Table 5.2


Width of section c = h -2(t w + r ) = mm
c / tw = 19.7 < 72 => Class 1

Outstand flanges - Table 5.2 (sheet 2 of 3)


Width of section; c = ( b - t w - 2r )/2 = 65.6 mm
c / tf = 9.6 > 9 => Class 2

=> Section is Class 2

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98

Check shear - Section 6.2.6

Height of web; hw = h - 2.t f= 138.8 mm hw/tw = 3.40


Shear area factor; = 1.000
hw / tw < 72 x / = 3.40 < 72
=> Shear buckling resistance can be ignored
Shear area- Cl 6.2.6 (3)
2
Shear area, Av = Max (A - (2.b. t f ) + ( t w +2r) x tf ; x hw x tw ) = 984.88 mm
Design shear resistance - cl 6.2.6(2); V c,Rd = Av . (fy / 3)/mo = 156.4 kN
=> PASS, Shear resistance exceeds design shear force

Check bending moment major (y-y) axis - Section 6.2.5

Design bending resistance moment - eq 6.13; Mc,Rd = W pl.y x fy / mo = 45.10 kNm


=> PASS, Moment resistance exceeds design moment

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99

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR STEEL SECTION DESIGN


IN ACCORDANCE WITH SS EN1993-1-1 AND SINGAPORE NA

PROJECT : TERS for 2-storey semi-D house at 86 Clover Ave.

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF STRUT - 152X152X23.0kg/m UC


- Section C-C/B-B similar

Strut at 3.00 m interval

Design Approach 1 - Combination 1


NEd = 9.68 x 3.00 m / cos45 = 41.07 kN

Design Approach 1 - Combination 2


NEd = 8.69 x 3.00 m / cos45 = 36.87 kN

One strut failure

NEd = 9.68 x 4.50 m / cos45 = 61.60 kN

Point load on strut = 50 kN accidential load

MEd,z1 (accidental) = 18.75 kNm VEd,z1 (accidental) = 25 kN


MEd,z2 ( seftweight) = 0.7 kNm VEd,z2 seftweight) = 0.7 kN
MEd,y = 19.3 kNm
Total MEd,z = MEd,z1+MEd,z2 = 19.4 kNm VEd,z = EEd,z1+VEd,z2 = 25.7 kN

System length for buckling about z axis; Lz = 3.60 m


System length for buckling about y axis; Ly = 3.60 m

STRUCTURAL CAPACITY OF STRUT-152x152x23.0 kg/m UC

EN 10025-2:2004 - Hot rolled products of structural steels

Section Properties : 152x152x23.0kg/m UC Steel Grade = S275

Nominal thickness of element; tf = 6.8 mm b = 152.2 mm


tw = 5.8 mm h = 152.4 mm
Nominal yield strength; fy = 275 N/mm2 r = 7.6 mm
Nominal ultimate tensile strength; fu = 410 N/mm 2 Area = 5912 mm 2
Modulus of elasticity; E = 210000 N/mm2 W pl,z = 164.0 cm2
W pl,y = 52.6 cm2
4
Iz = 1250 cm Iy = 400 cm4
iz = 65.4 mm iy = 37 mm

Buckling length for flexural buckling about y axis


End restraint factor; Ky = 1.00
Buckling length; Lcr_y = Ly .Ky = 3.60 m

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100

Buckling length for flexural buckling about z axis


End restraint factor; Kz = 1.00
Buckling length; Lcr_z = Lz .Kz = 3.60 m

Partial factors - Section 6.1


Resistance of cross-sections; M0 = 1.00
Resistance of members to instability; = 1.00

Lateral restraint span has lateral restraint at supports only

Classification of cross sections - Section 5.5


Influence of material strength = 235/fy = 0.924

Internal compression parts subject to bending - Table 5.2


Depth betwee fillets; c = h - 2 ( t f + r ) = mm
c/tw = 21.3
Length of web taken by axial load; wl = min ( NEd / (fy x tw), c ) = 38.62
For class 1 & 2 proportion in compression; = (c/2 + lw/2) / c = 0.656
Limit for class 1 web; Limit Iw = (396 ) / (13 - 1) = 48.61

=>The web is Class 1


Flange section classification (Table 5.2)
Outstand length; crf = (b - t w) / 2 - r = mm
c/tf = 9.6
Conservatively assume uniform compression in flange
Limit for class 1 flange; Limit 1f = 9.0 = 8.32
Limit for class 1 flange; Limit 2f = 10.0 = 9.24
Limit for class 1 flange; Limit 3f = 14.0 = 12.94
=> The Flange is Class 2
=> The Section is Class 2

Check shear - Section 6.2.6


2
Shear area, Av = 2..b tf - ( t w + 2r ) tf = 1927 mm
Design shear resistance - cl 6.2.6(2); Vc,Rd = Av . (fy / 3)/mo = 306.0 kN
=> PASS, Shear resistance exceeds design shear force

Compression (cl. 6.2.4)

Design resistance; Nc,Rdc, = NplRd = A x fy /M0 = 1626 kN


=> PASS, The compression design resistance exceeds design force

Check bending moment major (y-y) axis - Section 6.2.5

Design bending resistance moment - eq 6.13; Mc,Rd = W pl.z x fy / mo = 45.10 kNm


=> PASS, Moment resistance exceeds design moment

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101

Buckling resistance (cl. 6.3)

Yield strength for buckling resistance; fy = 275 N/mm2

Flexural buckling about z axis


Elastic critical buckling force; Ncr,z = 2 . E.Iz / Lcr_z2 = 1997.0 kN
Non-dimensional slenderness; z = (A . fy / Ncr,z ) = 0.902
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); b
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); z = 0.34
Parameter ; = 0.5 [1 + Z ( z - 0.2) + z2 ] = 1.026
Reduction factor; z = min(1.0, 1 / [ Z + (Z2 - z2 )]) = 0.66
Design buckling resistance; Nb,z,Rd = z . A .fy / M1= 1072.57 kN

Flexural buckling about y axis


Elastic critical buckling force; Ncr,y = 2 . E.Iy / Lcr_y2 = 639.05 kN
Non-dimensional slenderness; y = (A . fy / Ncr,y ) = 1.595
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); c
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); z = 0.49
Parameter ; y = 0.5 [1 + y ( y - 0.2) + y2 ] = 2.114
Reduction factor; y = min(1.0, 1 / [ y + (y2
- y )]) = 2
0.29
Design buckling resistance; Nb,,yRd = y . A .fy / M1= 464.38 kN
=> PASS, The flexural buckling resistance exceeds design axial load

Torsional and torsional-flexural buckling (cl. 6.3.1.4)

Torsional buckling length factor; Kt = 1.00


Effective buckling length; Lcr_T = KT x max ( Ly, Lz ) = 3.60 m
Distance from shear ctr to centroid along y axis; y0 = 0.00 m
Distance from shear ctr to centroid along y axis; z0 = 0.00 m
i0 = (iy2 + iz2 2
+ y0 + z0 ) = 2
75.14 mm
T = 1 - (y0 / i0)2 = 1.00
Shear modulus; G = E / [2 (1 + v )] = 80.8 kN/mm2
Torsional Constant; It = 22.2 cm4 Warping Constant; Iw = 0.143 dm6
Elastic critical torsional buckling force; Ncr,T = 1 / i02 (G.It + 2.E. Iw / Lcr_T2) = 7222.0 kN
Non-dimensional slenderness; T = (A . fy / N cr,T ) = 0.474
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); c
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); T = 0.49
Parameter ; = 0.5 [1 + T ( T - 0.2) + T2 ] = 0.680
2
Reduction factor; T = min(1.0, 1 / [ T + ( - )]) = 0.857 T2
Design buckling resistance; Nb,T,Rd = T . A .fy / M1= 1393.57 kN
=> PASS, The torsional/torsional-flexural buckling resistance exceeds design axial load

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102

Minimum buckling resistance


Minimum buckling resistance; Nb,Rd = min(Nb,z,Rd, Nb,T,Rd ) = 464.38 kN
=> PASS, The axial buckling resistance exceeds design axial load

Buckling resistance moment (cl.6.3.2.1)

Lateral torsional buckling length factor; KLT = 1.00


Effective buckling length ; Lcr_LT = KLT x Lz = 3.60 m
Moment distribution correction factor (Table 6.6); kc = 1.00
C1 = 1 / k c2 = 1.00 Curvature factor; g = [1 - ( Iy/ Iz)] 0.5 = 0.825
Elastic critical buckling moment; Mcr = C1.2 . E. Iy [Iw / Iy + Lcr_LT 2.G. It /(2 .E.Iy)]/(Lcr_LT 2 .g) = 195.76 kNm
Slenderness ratio for lateral torsional buckling; LT = [W pl,y.fy / Mcr] 0.5 = 0.480
Limiting slenderness ratio; LT,0 = 0.4
Correction factor for rolled sections; r = 0.75
Buckling curve (Table 6.2); b
Imperfection factor (Table 6.1); LT = 0.34
Parameter ; L = 0.5 [1 + LT ( LT - LT,0) + r.LT2 ] = 0.600
Reduction factor; LT = min(1.0, 1 / [ TLT2, 1/[LT + (2 - r .LT2 )]) = 0.968
Modification factor ; f = min(1 - 0.5 (1 - kc) [1 - 2 (LT - 0.8)2 ], 1) = 1.000
Modified LTB reduction factor - eq 6.58; LT,mod = min( f, 1, LT ) =
0.968
Design buckling resistance moment; Mb,Rd = LT,mod .W pl,z. fy / M1 = 43.7 kNm
=> PASS, The design buckling resistance moment exceeds design moment

Combined bending and axial compression (cl. 6.3.3)

Characteristic resistance to normal force; NRk = A .fy = 1626 kN


Characteristic moment resistance about z axis; Mz,Rk = W pl,z. fy = 45.1 kN
Characteristic moment resistance about y axis; My,Rk = W pl,y. fy = 14.5 kN
Moment distribution factor about z axis; Z = Mz,Ed1, / Mz,Ed2 = 1.000
Moment factor about z axis; Cmz= max(0.4, 0.6 + 0.4) = 1.000
Moment distribution factor about Y axis; LT = Mz,Ed1, / Mz,Ed2 = 1.000
Moment factor about z axis; CmLT= max(0.4, 0.6 + 0.4LT) = 1.000
Interaction factor; kzz; k zz = Cmz [1 + min(0.8, z - 0.2) NEd / (z .NRk / M1)] = 1.040
Interaction factor; kzy; k zy = 1 - min(0.1,0.1.y) NEd / (CmLT - 0.25) x (y .NRk / M1)] = 0.900
Interaction factor; kyy; k yy = Cmz [1 + min(1.4,2 z - 0.6) NEd / (z .NRk / M1)] = 1.186
Interaction factor; kyz; k yz = 0.6 kyy = 0.711
Section utilisation; URB_1 = NEd / (z .NRk / ) + kzz .Mz.Ed / (XL.Mz,Rk / M1 + kyz .My.Ed/ (My.Rk / M1) = 0.51
UR B_2 = NEd / (y .NRk / ) + kzy .Mz.Ed / (XL.Mz,Rk / M1 + kyy .My.Ed/ (My.Rk / M1) = 0.58
=> PASS, The buckling resistance is adequate

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103

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


LTM Consultants Project Sheet No.
Civil & Structural Consulting Engineers 4 MERRYN TERRACE

Blk 26C Jalan Membina Calculations for Job No.


#04-184 Singapore166026 ERSS 2016-019
Calcs by Checked by Approved by
DESIGN CALCULATIONS KL BL BL

Basal Heave Stability Check


Design Information :

Excavation length , L = 5.625 m


Excavation Width , B= 2.4 m
Excavation Depth , H= 3.5 m
Penetration of wall, D= 10.5 m
Very soft/marine Clay, Depth, T = 10.7
Surcharge load, q = 10
Soil density 1,ave= 14.8 kN/m3
Soil density 2,ave= 15.8 kN/m3
Ave. Cudp value, Cudp 19 kN/m2
Ave. Cub value, Cub 19 kN/m2 Soft Clay
Min. Over design factor = 1

Hard Stratum
SUMMARY OF PARTIAL FACTORS (BASED ON NA TO SS EN 1997 )

F A1 A2 M M1 M2
G,dst 1.35 1 ' 1 1.25
G,stb 1 1 c' 1 1.25
Q,dst 1.5 1.3 cu/qu 1 1.4
Q,stb 0 0 1 1

T/B = 10.70 = 1
H/B = 1.46 B/L = 0.43
= 0.6 Nc = 7.1

Design Calculation

Formula of ODF against basal heave :

Table 1 Correction factor for soft clay thickness below formation

level
T/ 0.15 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7
1.6 1.34 1.16 1.08 1.04 1.02 1

Design Approach 1 - Combination 1

.Nc.Cub /cu = 134.9 kN/m2


2,ave.D / = 165.9 kN/m2
Cudb.D (1+B/L)/cu = 341.5 kN/m2
(1,ave /).(H+D)+q.Q,dst = 222.2 kN/m2

thus,
Over design factor = 2.89 > 1, OK

I:\Engineering\Excel program\EUROCODE\TERS\TERS-4 Merryn Terrace-SHEETPILE-Euro.xlsx


Design Approach 1 - Combination 2

.Nc.Cub /cu = 96.4 kN/m2


2,ave.D / = 165.90 kN/m2
Cudb.D (1+B/L)/cu = 244.0 kN/m2
(1,ave /).(H+D)+q.Q,dst = 220.2 kN/m2

thus,
Over design factor = 2.30 > 1, OK

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104

BOREHOLE LOCATION PLAN


105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124

A1278-01512-2015 ST10
03

124