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# POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

(Assignment #1)
Prepared by: F.M. Junsay, M.E.
January 29, 2017
IDEAL GASES AND PROCESSES OF IDEAL GASES

1. A volume of 400 cc air measured at a pressure of 740 mmHg absolute and temperature of 19oC.
Determine the volume at 760 mm Hg absolute and OoC.

2. If 100 ft3 of atmospheric air (14.7 psi) at zero Fahrenheit temperature are compressed to a volume
of 1 ft3 and temperature of 200oF, what will be the pressure of the compressed air in psia?

3. If the final volume of an ideal gas is compressed to one-half its original volume and twice its
original temperature. What happened to the final pressure?

4. A bicycle tire has a volume of 600 cm3. If it is inflated with carbon dioxide to a pressure of 551
kPaa at 20oC, how many grams of carbon dioxide are contained in the tire?

5. Find the mass of the CO2 having a pressure of 20 psia at 200oF with 10 ft3 volume.

6. A closed vessel contains air at a pressure of 140 kPag and temperature of 20oC. Find the final
pressure in the gauge units if the air is heated at constant volume to 40oC. Take atmospheric
pressure as 759mm Hg.

7. An automobile tire is inflated to 220 kPag pressure at 10oC. After being driven, the temperature
rises to 24oC. Assume the tire does not stretch, what is the final gauge pressure?

8. Air at 21oC is used to inflate an automobile tire to 207 kpag. After being driven, the temperature
has risen to 38oC. What I the resulting pressure if the tire did not stretch?

9. An automobile tire is inflated to 32 psig pressure at 50oF. After being driven, the temperature
rises to 75oF. Assuming that the volume remains constant, determine the gage pressure.

10. While the pressure remains constant at 689.5 kPaa, the volume of air changes from 0.567 m3 to
0.283 m3. Find the change of internal energy.

11. Assume 5 lb of an ideal gas with R= 38.7 ft-lb/lb-oR and k= 1.668 have 300 Btu heat added
during reversible constant pressure change of state. The initial temperature is 80oF. Determine the
non-flow work.

12. Assuming compression is in accordance to the relation pV=C; calculate the initial volume of gas
at a pressure of 2 bar which will occupy a volume of 6 m3 when it is compressed to a pressure of
42 bar?
13. A nozzle is designed to expand air from 689 kPaa and 32oC to 138 kPaa. Assume an isentropic
expansion and negligible approach velocity. The airflow rate is 1.36 kg/s. Calculate the exit
velocity.

14. Helium gas is compressed in an adiabatic compressor from initial state of 14 psia and 50oF to a
final temperature of 320 oF in a reversible manner. Determine the exit pressure of the helium.

15. A turbine receives 150lb/s of air at 63 psia and 2,450oR and expands it polytropically to 14.7 psia.
The exponent n is equal to 1.45 for the process. Determine the power in Btu/s.

16. The work required to compress a gas reversibly according to pV1.30=C is 67.79 kJ if there is no
flow. Determine the Q if the gas is air.

17. There are 1.36 kg of air at 138 kPaa stirred with internal paddle in an insulated rigid container,
whose volume is 142 litres, until the pressure becomes 690 kPaa. Determine the work input.

18. An insulated box containing helium gas falls from a balloon 4.5 km above the earth surface.
Calculate the temperature rise in oC of the helium when the box hits the ground.

19. Two kilograms of air in rigid tank change its temperature from 32oC to 150oC. Find the work
done during the process.

20. A volume of 400 cc of air measured at a pressure of 740mm Hg absolute and the temperature of
19oC. Determine the volume at 760 mm Hg absolute and 0oC.