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HAZARDOUS GASES AND VAPORS

TABLE 1 GROUP CLASSIFICATION AND AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE (AIT) OF


SELECTED FLAMMABLE GASES AND VAPORS
Material Group F C
2-Butanol D* 761 405
n-Butyl acetate D* 790 421
iso-Butyl acetate D* 790 421
n-Butyl acrylate (inhibited) D 559 293
Butylamine D 594 312
Butylene D 725 385
n-Butyraldehyde C* 425 218
n-Butyric acid D 830 443
Carbon monoxide C* 1128 609
Chlorobenzene D 1099 593
Cresol D 10381110 559599
Crotonaldehyde C* 450 232
Cumene D 795 424
Cyclohexane D 473 245
Cyclohexene D 471 244
Cyclohexanol D 572 300
Cyclohexanone D 473 245
Cyclopropane D* 938 503
p-Cymene D 817 436
n-Decanol D 550 288
Decene D 455 235
Diacetone alcohol D 1118 603
o-Dichlorobenzene D 1198 647
1.1-Dichloroethane D 820 438
1.2-Dichloroethylene D 860 460
Dicyclopentadiene C 937 503
Diethyl benzene D 743842 395450
Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether C 442 228
Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether C 465 241
Diethylamine C* 594 312
Diethyl ether C* 320 160
N-N-Dimethyl aniline C 700 371
Di-isobutylene D* 736 391
Di-isobutyl ketone D 745 396
Di-isopropylamine C 600 316
Dimethylamine C 752 400
Dimethyl formamide D 833 455
Dimethyl sulfate D 370 188
1.4-Dioxane C 356 180
Dipentene D 458 237
Di-N-propylamine C 570 299
Dodecene D 491 255
Epichlorohydrin C* 772 411
Ethane D* 882 472
Ethanol D* 685 363
Ethyl acetate D* 800 427
Ethyl acrylate (inhibited) D* 702 372
* Material has been classied by test

384 EN-HazardousGasesVapors-AR-H56896 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
HAZARDOUS GASES AND VAPORS

Cables
Power-Limiting
TABLE 1 GROUP CLASSIFICATION AND AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE (AIT) OF
SELECTED FLAMMABLE GASES AND VAPORS
Material Group F C
Ethylamine D* 725 385
Ethyl benzene D 810 432

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
Ethyl chloride D 966 519
Ethylene C* 842 450
Ethylene chlorohydrin D 797 425
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether C 460 238
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate C 645 340

Heating
Longline
Ethylenediamine D* 725 385
Ethylene dichloride D* 775 413
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether C 455 235
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate C 715 379

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether D 545 285
Ethylenimine C* 608 320
Ethylene oxide B* 804 429
Ethyl formate D 851 455
2-Ethylhexaldehyde C 375 191

Tank Heating
2-Ethyl hexanol D 448 231
2-Ethyl hexyl acrylate D 485 252
Ethyl mercaptan C* 572 300
Formaldehyde (gas) B 795 429
Formic acid (90%) D 813 434

Snow and Ice


Fuel oils D 410765 210407
Furfural C 600 316
Furfuryl alcohol C 915 490
Gasoline D* 536880 280471

Monitoring
Control and
Heptane D* 399 204
Heptene D 500 260
Hexane D* 437 225
2-Hexanone D 795 424
Hexene D 473 245

Panels
Heat-Trace
Hydrazine C 74518 23270
Hydrogen B* 968 520
Hydrogen cyanide C* 1000 538
Hydrogen sulde C* 500 260
Isoamyl acetate D 680 260
Products
Engineered
Isobutyl acrylate D 800 427
Isobutyraldehyde C 385 196
Isophorone D 860 260
Isoprene D* 428 220
Systems
Steam-Tracing

Isopropyl acetate D 860 460


Isoamyl alcohol D 662 350
Isopropylamine D 756 402
Isopropyl ether D* 830 443
Iso-octyl aldehyde C 387 197
Sheets
Technical Data

Kerosene D 410 210


Liqueed petroleum gas D 761842 405450
Mesityl oxide D* 652 344
* Material has been classied by test
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HazardousGasesVapors-AR-H56896 09/13 385


HAZARDOUS GASES AND VAPORS

TABLE 1 GROUP CLASSIFICATION AND AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE (AIT) OF


SELECTED FLAMMABLE GASES AND VAPORS
Material Group F C
Methane D* 999 630
Methanol D* 725 385
Methyl acetate D 850 454
Methyl acrylate D 875 468
Methylamine D 806 430
Methyl n-amyl ketone D 740 393
Methylcyclohexane D 482 250
Methylcyclohexanol D 565 296
Methyl ether C* 662 350
Methyl ethyl ketone D* 759 404
Methyl formal C* 460 238
Methyl formate D 840 449
Methyl isobutyl ketone D* 840 449
Methyl isocyanate D 994 534
Methyl methacrylate D 792 422
2-Methyl-1-propanol D* 780 416
2-Methyl-2-propanol D* 892 478
alpha-Methyl styrene D 1066 574
Monoethanolamine D 770 410
Monoisopropanolamine D 705 374
Monomethyl aniline C 900 482
Monomethyl hydrazine C 382 194
Morpholine C* 590 310
Naphtha (coal tar) D 531 277
Nitrobenzene D 900 482
Nitroethane C 778 414
Nitromethane C 785 418
1-Nitropropane C 789 421
2-Nitropropane C* 802 428
Nonane D 401 205
Octane D* 403 206
Octene D 446 230
Pentane D* 470 243
1-Pentanol D* 572 300
2-Pentanone D 846 452
1-Pentene D 527 275
Propane D* 842 450
1-Propanol D* 775 413
2-Propanol D* 750 399
Propionaldehyde C 405 207
Propionic acid D 870 466
Propionic anhydride D 545 285
n-Propyl acetate D 842 450
Propylene D* 851 455
Propylene dichloride D* 1035 557
Propylene oxide B* 840 449
n-Propyl ether C 419 215
* Material has been classied by test

386 EN-HazardousGasesVapors-AR-H56896 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
HAZARDOUS GASES AND VAPORS

Cables
Power-Limiting
TABLE 1 GROUP CLASSIFICATION AND AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE (AIT) OF
SELECTED FLAMMABLE GASES AND VAPORS
Material Group F C
Propyl nitrate B* 347 175
Pyridine D* 900 482

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
Styrene D* 914 490
Tetrahydrofuran C* 610 321
Tetrahydronaphthalene D 725 385
Toluene D* 896 480
Turpentine D 488 253

Heating
Longline
Unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine C* 480 249
(UDMH)
Valeraldehyde C 432 222
Vinyl acetate D* 756 402
Vinyl chloride D* 882 472

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Vinylidene chloride D 1058 570
Vinyl toluene ti 921 494
Xylenes D* 867984 464529
* Material has been classied by test

Tank Heating
Snow and Ice
Monitoring
Control and
Panels
Heat-Trace
Products
Engineered
Systems
Steam-Tracing
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HazardousGasesVapors-AR-H56896 09/13 387


APPROVAL FOR CLASS I, DIVISION 1 HAZARDOUS
LOCATIONS IN USA FORM
The purpose of this form is to ensure that the heat-tracing system used in the Division 1 location is appropriate for that area
classication. This form must accompany any order for CID1 materials.

This form must be completely lled out before the Division 1 heating cable and connection kits can be shipped to the
customer.

1. Purchase order number

2. Name of purchaser lling out this form

3. Company

Address

Phone

4. How many connection kits will you require?

5. Name and location of company where the Division 1 heating cable and connection kits will be installed.

Company

Address

Contact person Phone

6. What is the T-classication of the area? (If none, ll out questions 7 and 8.)

7. What substance in the area is inuencing the decision to use Division 1


equipment?

8. What is the autoignition temperature (AIT), expressed in C, of the


substance?

The maximum sheath temperature shall not exceed AIT (expressed in C).
Note: This section must be lled out if no T-rating is available. See Hazardous Gases and Vapors document (H56896)
for AIT temperatures for selected ammable gases and vapors.

388 EN-ClassIDivision1Hazardous-FW-H56897 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
9. Design data

Cables
Power-Limiting
Heating cable catalog number Design safety factor

Heating cable trace ratio Maintain temperature

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
Application: pipe, vessel Normal operating temp.

Size Material Max. intermittent temp.


Steel Plastic

Minimum ambient temp. Insulation type

Heating
Longline
Maximum ambient temp. Thickness Oversized
Yes No

Installed Voltage

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Indoors Outdoors

10. The user has been notied that ground-fault equipment protection devices are required for all Division 1 applications.
All of the above information is believed to be correct.

Tank Heating
Signature Date

For Pentair Thermal Management use only. Attach this form to the Pentair Thermal Management purchase order.

Order number

Snow and Ice


Approved by Date

(Customer Service Center)

Monitoring
Control and
Panels
Heat-Trace
Products
Engineered
Systems
Steam-Tracing
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-ClassIDivision1Hazardous-FW-H56897 09/13 389


REQUIRED INSTALLATION RECORD FOR CLASS I,
DIVISION 1 HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS IN USA
To complete the approval process, this complete form must be returned to the Pentair Thermal Management Customer
Service Center, fax number (800) 527-5703.

Company Name Purchase Order Number Reference Drawing(s)

Circuit ID No. Test value/remarks Date Initials

Area

Autoignition temperature (AIT)

Group classication

Heater circuit

Heater type

Supply voltage

Circuit length

Maximum pipe temperature

Heat temperature identication number (T-rating)

Components

Power connection

End seal

Tee connection

Splice

Ground-fault equipment protection

Make and model

Ground-fault equipment protection device trip level (mA)

Installation instructions

Correct connection kits per manufacturers specication

Seal ttings opened and inspected (properly poured)

Ground-leakage device tested

390 EN-InstallationRecordClassIDiv1-FW-H57426 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
REQUIRED INSTALLATION RECORD FOR CLASS I, DIVISION 1 HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS IN USA

Insulation resistance testing

Cables
Power-Limiting
Minimum voltage requirements per IEEE 515 is 500 Vdc. Pentair Thermal Management recommends 2500 Vdc for self-regulating
cables.

Instrument used

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
Calibration date

As measured on the pipe before insulation is installed*

Insulation resistance between core and braid (Test A)

Heating
Longline
Insulation resistance between braid and pipe (Test B)

As measured after insulation is installed*

Insulation resistance between core and braid (Test A)

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Insulation resistance between braid and pipe (Test B)

* Minimum insulation resistance per IEEE 515 is 20 M . Pentair Thermal Management recommends 1000 M (for clean, dry self-
regulating cables). Refer to the appropriate Installation and Maintenance manual for details.

Tank Heating
Circuit Ready to Commission

Prepared by Company Date

Approved by Company Date

Snow and Ice


Monitoring
Control and
Panels
Heat-Trace
Products
Engineered
Systems
Steam-Tracing
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-InstallationRecordClassIDiv1-FW-H57426 09/13 391


CLASS I, DIVISION 1 IN USA FREQUENTLY
ASKED QUESTIONS
APPLICATION

What is required to get CID1 approval?


Application design information required for USA installations must be submitted
to Pentair Thermal Management for review and approval using the Approval for
Class 1, Division 1 Hazardous Locations in USA form (H56897).
The approved CID1 heating cable must not exceed the T-rating for the area, or
the heating cables maximum sheath temperature must not exceed 80% (as ex-
pressed in C) of the autoignition temperature (AIT) for the hazardous materials in
the area.
Post-installation, the required CID1 Installation Record (Required Installation
Record for Class I, Division 1 Hazardous Locations in USA form (H57426)) must be
completed and sent to Pentair Thermal Management Customer Service Center,
where it will be kept on le.

Why is the eld information form required?


This form is required as part of the approval based on the IEEE 515 Standard. It has
two purposes:
1. It identies the company and the contact person responsible for the hazardous
area heat-tracing design.
2. It identies either the T-rating for the area or the lowest AIT of the hazardous
substances in the area. This information is used by Pentair Thermal Manage-
ment to verify that the heating cable meets the area requirements.

Note: The customer must identify the T-rating for the area. If this information is not
available, then the lowest AIT for the area must be identied. This section must be
lled out by the person designing the system and/or the person most familiar with
the hazardous location. Pentair Thermal Management cannot ll in this section
because we cannot make any assumptions about the area being designed.

What if I dont know the AIT?


If the T-rating is not known, then identifying the lowest AIT in the area should be
done by contacting the safety manager or project expert. Identifying the correct AIT
is critical to ensure a safe design, and this information is required before Pentair
Thermal Management can process the order. Pentair Thermal Management cannot
make any assumptions about the area; therefore, this information must be obtained
from the area expert.

What is the difference between the ash point and the AIT?
The ash point of a liquid is the minimum temperature at which the liquid gives
off sufcient vapor to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the
liquid or within the test vessel used. Ignitable mixture means a mixture whose
composition is within the ammable range (between the upper and lower limits), and
thus is capable of propagating a ame away from the source of ignition. The AIT of a
substance is the minimum temperature at which it will spontaneously ignite, without
an external source of igntion.

392 EN-ClassIDivision1FAQ-AR-H57427 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
CLASS I, DIVISION 1 IN USA FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
As an example of the difference between the ash point temperature and the AIT,

Cables
Power-Limiting
gasoline is listed in NFPA 497: Recommended Practice for the Classication of
Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classied) Locations for
Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas as having a ash point of 50F
(45.5C) and an AIT of 880F (471C). This means that gasoline will form sufcient
vapors at temperatures above 50F (45.5C) to burn when exposed to a ame.
However, only if the temperature exceeds 880F (471C) can those vapors self-ignite

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
(without being exposed to a ame).

If the heat tracing goes through a CID1 area but is terminated in a CID2 area , do you need to use CID1 area
connection kits?

Heating
Longline
If both ends of the heating cable are terminated in a CID2 area, then industrial
connection kits approved for use in C1D2 areas can be used with the approved CID1
heating cable.

What happens if the end user does not ll out the required CID1 Installation Record (Required Installation Record for

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Class I, Division 1 Hazardous Locations in USA Form (H57426)) after installing the product?
The customer will not have an approved system. This form must be lled out and
returned to the Pentair Thermal Management Customer Service Center to complete
the approval process.

Tank Heating
In North America, we are starting to hear about zone approvals. How do these approvals relate to CID1 applications?
The NEC declares that cables certied for use in CID1 areas may be used in Zone1
areas, and cables certied for use in CID2 areas may be used in Zone 2 areas.
However, cables with Zone 1 or Zone 2 approvals are not approved for CID1 or CID2
areas, respectively.

Snow and Ice


The reason for this difference is that CID1 approvals cover hazardous areas not
included in Zone 1 areas, so Zone 1approved products may not necessarily be
tested for all CID1 areas.

Monitoring
Control and
What indicator light solution is available for CID1 areas?
The E-100-L is not approved for CID1 areas, and currently Pentair Thermal
Management does not offer an end-of-line indicator light for these areas.

INSTALLATION

Panels
Heat-Trace
In the Industrial Heat-Tracing Installation and Maintenance Manual for Self-Regulating and Power-Limiting Cable Sys-
tems (H57274), there is a section describing the minimum bend radius. Why is the minimum bend radius important?
It is important not to bend self-regulating heating cables less than one inch in the Products
in-plane direction or less than half an inch in the out-of-plane direction to prevent Engineered
bus wire damage.

Which products can be used on plastic pipes?


HBTV is the product that should be used on all types of standard plastic pipes.
Systems
Steam-Tracing

Typically, the maximum exposure temperature for PVC pipe (schedule 40) is 150F
(66C). In some cases, plastic pipes can withstand higher temperatures, which would
sometimes allow HQTV to be used. TraceCalc Pro design software can be used to
see if a heating cable is appropriate for use on a particular pipe.
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-ClassIDivision1FAQ-AR-H57427 09/13 393


CLASS I, DIVISION 1 IN USA FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

What is the warranty?


The standard Pentair Thermal Management Industrial Heat Tracing limited warranty
applies to Raychem self-regulating/power limiting and Pyrotenax MI heating cables.
A complete set of warranty documents can be found on our web site,
www.pentairthermal.com.

LOGISTICS

These products can be obtained by our channel partners who will obtain the eld
information and ensure that the inspection records are completed and returned to the
Pentair Thermal Management Customer Service Center. The representative stocking
the product must verify the design requirements.

394 EN-ClassIDivision1FAQ-AR-H57427 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
Cables
Power-Limiting
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
CONTENTS

Heating
Longline
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
2 Codes, Approvals, and Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
3 Electric Heat Trace System Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
3.1 Self-Regulating Heating Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400

Bundles
RTB Tubing
3.2 Power-Limiting Heating Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402
3.3 Mineral Insulated Heating Cable Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
3.4 Electrical Tank Heating Pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404
3.5 Longline Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404
3.6 Heat-Trace Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406

Tank Heating
3.7 Control and Monitoring Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407
3.8 Thermostats and Contactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410
4 Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411
5 Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411

Snow and Ice


1 SCOPE

This specication covers the requirements of materials and support services for
heat-tracing systems supplied by the vendor. Neither the supply of the materials
related to the connection of the power supply nor the installation of the entire system

Monitoring
Control and
is part of this specication.

2 CODES, APPROVALS, AND STANDARDS

The electric heat-tracing system shall conform to this specication. It shall be

Panels
Heat-Trace
designed, manufactured, and tested in accordance with the applicable requirements
of the latest edition of the following codes and standards.
ANSI American National Standards Institute
CEC Canadian Electrical Code
CSA CSA Group Products
Engineered
FM FM Approvals
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute Of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ITS Intertek Testing Services (Intertek ETL SEMKO)
Systems
Steam-Tracing

NEC U.S. National Electrical Code (NFPA 70)


NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NESC National Electrical Safety Code
UL Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 395


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
3 ELECTRIC HEAT TRACE SYSTEM MATERIALS

3.1 Self-Regulating Heating Cables

All heat-tracing applications with continuous exposure (maintain) temperatures from


150F (65C) to 250F (121C) or intermittent exposure temperatures from 185F
(85C) to 420F (215C) shall use self-regulating cables.
A. Self-regulating heating cable shall vary its power output relative to the tempera-
ture of the surface of the pipe or the vessel. The cable shall be designed such that
it can be crossed over itself and cut to length in the eld.
B. Self-regulating heating cable shall be designed for a useful life of 20 years or
more with power on continuously, based on the following useful life criteria:
1. Retention of at least 75 percent of nominal rated power after 20 years of oper-
ation at the maximum published continuous exposure (maintain) temperature.
2. Retention of at least 90 percent of nominal rated power after 1000 hours of
operation at the maximum published intermittent exposure temperature. The
testing shall conform to UL 746B, IEC 216-1 Part 1.
C. A warranty against manufacturing defects for a period of 10 years shall be available.
D. All cables shall be capable of passing a 2.5 kV dielectric test for one minute
(ASTM 2633) after undergoing a 0.5 kg-m impact (BS 6351, Part 1, 8.1.10).

3.1.1 FREEZE-PROTECTION SYSTEMS


A. The heating cable shall consist of two 16 AWG or larger nickel-plated copper bus
wires, embedded in a self-regulating polymeric core that controls power output
so that the cable can be used directly on plastic or metallic pipes. Cables shall
have a temperature identication number (T-rating) of T6 (185F or 85C) without
use of thermostats.
B. A ground-fault protection device set at 30 mA, with a nominal 100-ms response
time, shall be used to protect each circuit.
C. The heating cable shall have a tinned copper braid with a resistance less than the
heating cable bus wire resistance as determined in type test (ASTM, B193, Sec.
5). The braid shall be protected from chemical attack and mechanical abuse by a
modied polyolen or uoropolymer outer jacket.
D. In order to provide rapid heat-up, to conserve energy, and to prevent overheating
of uids and plastic pipe, the heating cable shall have the following minimum self-
regulating indices:

TABLE 1 MINIMUM SELF-REGULATING INDICES


Heating cable S.R. index (W/F) S.R. Index (W/C)
3 W/ft 0.038 0.068
5 W/ft 0.060 0.108
8 W/ft 0.074 0.133
10 W/ft 0.100 0.180

The self-regulating index is the rate of change of power output in watts per degree
Fahrenheit or watts per degree Celsius, as measured between the temperatures
of 50F (10C) and 100F (38C) and conrmed by the type test and published data
sheets.
E. In order to ensure that the self-regulating heating cable does not increase power
output when accidentally exposed to high temperatures, resulting in thermal run-
away and self-ignition, the cable shall produce less than 0.5 watts per foot (1.64
watts per meter) when energized and heated to 350F (177C) for 30 minutes.
After this test, if the cable is reenergized, it must not have an increasing power
output leading to thermal runaway.
F. In order to conrm 3.1B, the self-regulating heating cable shall retain at least 90
percent of its original power output after having been cycled 300 times between
50F (10C) and 210F (99C), allowing at least six minutes of dwell time at each
temperature.

396 EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
G. The heating cable shall be Raychem BTV-CT or BTV-CR self-regulating heater,

Cables
Power-Limiting
with continuous exposure (maintain) capability up to 150F (65C) and intermit-
tent exposure capability up to 185F (85C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal
Management.

3.1.2 PROCESS TEMPERATURE MAINTENANCE WITH NO STEAM EXPOSURE


A. The heating cable shall consist of two 16 AWG or larger nickel-plated copper bus

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
wires, embedded in a self-regulating polymeric core that controls power output
so that the cable has a temperature identication number (T-rating) of T4 (275F
or 135C) without use of thermostats.
B. A ground-fault protection device set at 30 mA, with a nominal 100-ms response
time, shall be used to protect each circuit.

Heating
Longline
C. The heating cable shall have a tinned copper braid with a resistance less than the
heating cable bus wire resistance as determined in a type test (ASTM, B193, Sec.
5). The braid shall be protected from chemical attack and mechanical abuse by a
uoropolymer outer jacket.
D. In order to conrm 3.1B, the self-regulating heating cable shall retain at least 90
percent of its original power output after having been cycled 300 times between

Bundles
RTB Tubing
50F (10C) and 300F (150C), allowing at least six minutes of dwell time at each
temperature.
E. The heating cable shall be Raychem QTVR-CT self-regulating heater, for continu-
ous and intermittent exposure capability up to 225F (110C), as manufactured by
Pentair Thermal Management.

Tank Heating
3.1.3 FREEZE PROTECTION AND PROCESS TEMPERATURE MAINTENANCE WITH STEAM
EXPOSURE
A. The heating cable shall consist of two 14 AWG nickel-plated copper bus wires,
separated by a uoropolymer spacer and helically wrapped with a self-regulating
uoropolymer ber that controls power output so that the cable has an uncon-
ditional temperature identication number (T-rating) of T2C (446F or 230C) or

Snow and Ice


lower without use of thermostats.
B. A ground-fault protection device set at 30 mA, with a nominal 100-ms response
time, shall be used to protect each circuit.
C. The heating cable shall have a tinned copper braid with a resistance less than the
heating cable bus wire resistance as determined in a type test (ASTM, B193, Sec.

Monitoring
Control and
5). The braid shall be protected from chemical attack and mechanical abuse by a
uoropolymer outer jacket.
D. In order to conrm 3.1B, the self-regulating heating cable shall retain at least 90
percent of its original power output after having been cycled 300 times between
50F (10C) and 450F (232C), allowing at least six minutes of dwell time at each
temperature.

Panels
Heat-Trace
E. The heating cable shall be Raychem XTV-CT self-regulating heater, for continu-
ous exposure (maintain) capability up to 250F (121C) and intermittent exposure
capability up to 420F (215C or 250 psi steam), as manufactured by Pentair Ther-
mal Management.

3.1.4 SYSTEMS FOR DIVISION 1 HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS


Products
Engineered
The following requirements shall apply in addition to the criteria specied in
paragraph 3.1.1, 3.1.2, or 3.1.3.
A. The self-regulating heating cable shall be specically FM Approved or CSA Certi-
ed for use in Division 1 locations.
B. A ground-fault protection device set at 30 mA, with a nominal 100 ms response
Systems
Steam-Tracing

time, shall be used to protect each circuit.


C. The temperature identication number (T-rating) of the cable used shall comply
with FM and CSA requirements as applicable.
D. Connection methods used with the cable shall be compatible and approved as a
part of the system manufactured and supplied by the heating cable vendor for use
in the Division 1 location.
Sheets
Technical Data

E. For plastic pipe and vessel applications, the heating cable shall be Raychem
HBTV-CT or Raychem BTV-CT self-regulating heaters, with continuous exposure
capability up to 150F (65C) and intermittent exposure capability up to 185F
(85C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 397


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
F. The heating cable shall be Raychem HQTV-CT or Raychem QTVR-CT self-regu-
lating heaters, for continuous and intermittent exposure capability up to 225F
(107C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.
G. The heating cable shall be Raychem HXTV-CT or Raychem XTV-CT self-regulating
heaters, for continuous exposure (maintain) capability up to 250F (121C) and
intermittent exposure capability up to 420F (215C or 250 psi steam), as manu-
factured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.1.5 TERMINATIONS FOR NONHAZARDOUS AND HAZARDOUS CLASS I, DIV 2 LOCATIONS


A. All connection kits used to terminate heating cables, including power connectors,
splices, tees, and connectors shall be approved for the respective area classica-
tion and approved as a system with the particular type of heating cable in use.
Under no circumstances shall terminations be used which are manufactured by a
vendor other than the cable manufacturer.
B. In order to keep connections dry and corrosion resistant, connection kits shall
be constructed of nonmetallic, electrostatic, charge-resistant, glass-lled, engi-
neered polymer enclosure rated NEMA 4X. The connection kit stand shall allow
for up to four inches (100 mm) of thermal insulation.
C. Terminals shall be spring clamp wire connection type to provide reliable connec-
tion, maintenance-free operation, and ease of reentry.
D. Heating cable terminations shall use cold-applied materials and shall not require
the use of a heat gun, torch, or hot work permit for installation.
E. Components shall be rated to a minimum installation temperature of 40F
(40C), minimum usage temperature of 75F (60C), and maximum pipe tem-
perature of 500F (260C).
F. The connection kit system shall be Raychem JBM-100-L-A connection kit com-
plete with integral LED power indicating light to serve as complete power, splice,
or tee connection for up to three Raychem BTV, QTVR, or XTV industrial parallel
heating cables as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.2 Power-Limiting Heating Cables


Heat-tracing applications with continuous exposure (maintain) temperatures from
250F (121C) to 455F (235C) or power-off exposure temperatures from 420F
(216C) to 500F (260C) shall use power-limiting cables. Continuous exposure
(maintain) temperatures are based on wattage and voltage used; consult with vendor
for specic cable temperature limits. Applications below 500F (260C) continuous
exposure, power-off, shall consider power-limiting cables if more than one run of
self-regulating heating cable is required.

The decision between self-regulating heating cable and power-limiting heating


cable shall be made considering the need for a T-rating that is not dependent on
the specic application (this is provided by self-regulating heating cables) and the
number of runs of heat tracing required for the application. In some applications
power-limiting heaters can use fewer runs due to higher power output at higher
temperatures.
A. Power-limiting heating cable shall use a metallic heating element that varies its
power output relative to the temperature of the surface of the pipe or the vessel.
The cable shall be a parallel-zoned heating cable with a positive temperature
coefcient heating element spirally wound around a exible glass ber core. The
cable shall be designed such that it can be crossed over itself one time and cut to
length in the eld.
B. A ground-fault protection device set at 30 mA, with a nominal 100-ms response
time, shall be used to protect each circuit.
C. Maximum heating cable sheath temperature, per either the FM or CSA method of
calculation, shall be submitted with the bid or design for all Division 1 and Division
2 applications.
D. The power-limiting heating cable shall have 12 AWG copper bus wires.
E. A warranty against manufacturing defects for a period of 10 years shall be
available.
F. All cables shall be capable of passing a 2.5 kV dielectric test for one minute
(ASTM 2633) after undergoing a 0.5 kg-m impact (BS 6351, Part 1, 8.1.10).

398 EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
G. The heating cable shall be Raychem VPL-CT power-limiting heater, with

Cables
Power-Limiting
continuous exposure (maintain) capability of 300F (150C) to 455F (235C),
depending on power output required, and intermittent exposure capability up to
500F (260C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.2.1 TERMINATIONS FOR NONHAZARDOUS AND HAZARDOUS CLASS I, DIV 2


LOCATIONS

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
A. All connection kits used to terminate heating cablesincluding power connec-
tors, splices, tees, and connectorsshall be approved for the respective area
classication and approved as a system with the particular type of heating cable
in use. Under no circumstances shall terminations be used which are manufac-
tured by a vendor other than the cable manufacturer.
B. In order to keep connections dry and corrosion resistant, connection kits shall

Heating
Longline
be constructed of nonmetallic, electrostatic, charge-resistant, glass-lled, engi-
neered polymer enclosure rated NEMA 4X. The connection kit stand shall allow
for up to four inches (100 mm) of thermal insulation.
C. Terminals shall be the spring clamp wire connection type to provide reliable con-
nection, maintenance-free operation, and ease of reentry.

Bundles
RTB Tubing
D. Heating cable terminations shall use cold-applied materials and shall not require
the use of a heat gun, torch, or hot work permit for installation.
E. Components shall be rated to a minimum installation temperature of 40F
(40C), minimum usage temperature of 75F (60C), and maximum pipe tem-
perature of 500F (260C).
F. The connection kit system shall be Raychem JBM-100-L-A connection kit com-

Tank Heating
plete with integral LED power indicating light to serve as complete power, splice,
or tee connection for up to three Raychem VPL industrial parallel heating cables
as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.3 Mineral Insulated Heating Cable Systems

Snow and Ice


All heat-tracing applications with continuous exposure (maintain) temperatures
above 300F (150C) to 455F (230C), depending on power output required,
or intermittent exposure temperatures above 500F (260C) shall use factory-
terminated, mineral insulated (MI) cables.
A. MI heating cable shall be magnesium oxide insulated, with copper or alloy con-

Monitoring
Control and
ductors and an Incoloy 825 sheath. The heating section of the cable shall be
joined to a cold lead also made of Incoloy 825.
B. Each cable shall be factory-terminated to the required length, consisting of the
lengths required for the pipe or equipment, plus an allowance for areas of addi-
tional heat loss such as valves, anges, ttings, supports, and the like, plus a rea-

Panels
Heat-Trace
sonable excess to allow for eld variations. The cold lead section shall be seven
feet long unless otherwise specied.
C. Maximum heating cable sheath temperature, per either the FM or CSA method of
calculation, shall be submitted with the bid or design for all Division 1 and Divi-
sion 2 applications.
D. Each cable shall be shipped with the catalog number marked on the outside of Products
Engineered
the package, and a permanent metallic cable tag containing the heating cable
length, wattage, voltage, and current draw. If the cable has been designed for a
hazardous location, the tag shall also indicate the area classication and heat-
tracing circuit number.
E. A warranty against manufacturing defects for a period of 10 years shall be avail-
able.
Systems
Steam-Tracing

F. The heating cable shall be Pyrotenax brand Alloy 825 MI, mineral insulated heat-
ing cable with a maximum application temperature for the heating units of 1022F
(550C) and a maximum exposure temperature for the heating cable of 1200F
(650C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 399


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
3.4 Electrical Tank Heating Pads
A. The tank wall, to which the panel is to be xed, shall be prepared according to the
panel manufacturers instructions.
B. Panels shall be exible so that they are easily fastened to the surface of the tank
to be heated.
C. Panels shall be suitable for maintaining the tank wall temperature at the speci-
ed temperature continuously without degrading or changing output characteris-
tics of the panel.
D. Resistance heating elements shall be between exible insulating layers, with a
continuous operating rating of 200F (93C) and a short-term withstand rating of
366F (186C), to insulate electrically and provide mechanical protection for the
heating elements. Elements shall be constant resistance.
E. Panels shall have an integrated thermostat to be used for over-temperature pro-
tection, but an additional primary control thermostat must be used.
F. All heater circuits are required to be protected with a 30 mA ground-fault protec-
tion device (GFPD).
G. For metallic tanks, supplied watt density (at 240 volts) shall be 1.9 watts/sq inch
with a T-rating of T2C.
H. For plastic tanks, supplied watt density (at 240 volts) shall be 0.6 watts/sq inch
with a T-rating of T4A.
I. A stainless steel ground plain on the external surface of the panel shall be sup-
plied to provide a ground path as required by the National Electrical Code section
427-22.
J. Vendor shall supply a stainless steel junction box. Cold leads shall be Teon-
coated 14 AWG copper leads contained within liquid-tight, exible conduit for
added protection.
K. Mounting instructions and all required materials for fastening panels to the tank
wall are to be furnished. Means other than thermal insulation are to be provided
to hold panels in position. In addition to the specied tank heater the following
materials are required: Raychem RHS Installation Kit (P/N 844869-001), DigiTrace
910 controller or equivalent, BCK-35 clamp kit (P/N C77215-000) or equivalent,
Thomas and Betts 5232 conduit tting, and 5302 sealing ring or agency approved
equivalent.
L. Nonhazardous and hazardous location approvals for Class I, Division 2 Groups B,
C, D, Class II Division 1 and 2 Groups E, F, G and Class III shall exist on all heating
elements.
M. Installation and operation instructions shall be provided in hard copy and avail-
able on a 24-hour accessible Internet site. Installation instructions shall be Ray-
chem Tank Heater (H55207) instructions.
N. A Megger test at 2500 Vdc shall be performed during installation and once a year.
O. The panels shall be Raychem RHS tank heaters as supplied by Pentair Thermal
Management.

3.5 Longline Systems


A. Self-Regulating, Two-Wire Geometry, Freeze Protection (5002000 feet). For
freeze protection applications, without high temperature exposure, up to 2000
feet, a two-wire self-regulating heater is often the best choice.
1. The heating cable shall consist of two 10 AWG nickel-plated copper bus wires
embedded in a self-regulating polymeric core that controls power output so
that the cable can be used directly on plastic or metallic pipes. The cables
shall have a temperature identication number (T-rating) of T6 (185F or 85C)
without the use of thermostats.
2. The heating cable shall have a tinned copper braid with a resistance less than
the heating cable bus wire resistance as determined in a type test (ASTM,
B193, Sec. 5). The braid shall be protected from chemical attack and mechani-
cal abuse by a uoropolymer outer jacket.
3. The heating cable shall be Raychem LBTV2-CT for lengths of 5001125 feet
and SLBTV-CT for lengths of 11252000 feet, with continuous exposure ca-
pability up to 150F (65C) and intermittent exposure capability up to 185F
(85C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

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ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
B. Self-Regulating, VL Geometry, Freeze Protection (100012,000 feet). For freeze

Cables
Power-Limiting
protection applications, without steam exposure, above 2000 feet up to 12,000
feet a self-regulating freeze protection heater in a VL geometry is often the best
choice.
1. The heating cable shall consist of two 10 AWG nickel-plated copper bus wires
embedded in a self-regulating polymeric core, plus three additional 10 AWG

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
nickel-plated copper bus wires. The cable shall be able to be connected di-
rectly to a 3-phase, 4-wire, 480 Vac or 600 Vac source.
2. The heating cable shall have a tinned copper braid with a resistance less than
the heating cable bus wire resistance as determined in a type test (ASTM,
B193, Sec. 5). The braid shall be protected from mechanical abuse by a modi-
ed polyolen outer jacket or from mechanical abuse and chemical attack by a

Heating
Longline
uoropolymer outer jacket.
3. The heating cable shall be Raychem VLBTV2-CT self-regulating heater, with
continuous exposure capability up to 150F (65C) and intermittent exposure
capability up to 185F (85C), manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.
C. Self-Regulating, VL Geometry, Freeze Protection and Process Temperature Main-

Bundles
RTB Tubing
tenance with Steam Exposure (10006000 feet). For process temperature main-
tenance and freeze protection with steam exposure, a self-regulating process
temperature maintenance heater in a VL geometry is often the best choice.
1. The heating cable shall consist of two 14 AWG nickel-plated copper bus wires
separated by a uoropolymer spacer and helically wrapped with a self-regulat-
ing uoropolymer ber, plus three additional 14 AWG nickel-plated copper bus

Tank Heating
wires. The cable shall be able to be connected directly to a 3-phase, 4-wire,
480 Vac or 600 Vac source.
2. The heating cable shall have a tinned copper braid with a resistance less than
the heating cable bus wire resistance as determined in a type test (ASTM,
B193, Sec. 5). The braid shall be protected from chemical attack and mechani-

Snow and Ice


cal abuse by a uoropolymer outer jacket.
3. The heating cable shall be Raychem VLKTV2-CT self-regulating heater, with
continuous exposure capability up to 300F (150C) and intermittent exposure
capability up to 420F (215C) or 250 psi steam as manufactured by Pentair
Thermal Management.

Monitoring
Control and
D. Constant-Wattage Series Resistance, Freeze Protection and Process Temperature
Maintenance up to 482F (250C) with Steam Exposure (50012,000 feet). For pro-
cess temperature maintenance and freeze protection with steam exposure, a con-
stant wattage series resistance heater is often the best choice, particularly when
more than one run of self-regulating heater is needed.
1. The heating cable shall be a series resistance constant wattage heater. It shall

Panels
Heat-Trace
consist of one or two copper conductors or copper alloy conductors insulated
with high temperature heavy-walled uoropolymer.
2. The heating cable shall have a tinned or nickel-plated copper braid to provide
a ground path. The braid shall be protected from chemical attack and me-
chanical abuse by a uoropolymer outer jacket. Products
Engineered
3. The heating cable shall be constant wattage Raychem SC, with continuous
exposure capability up to 400F (204C), Raychem SC/H with continuous expo-
sure capability up to 482 F (250C), or SC/F with continuous exposure capa-
bilities up to 195F (90C) as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.
E. Constant-Wattage, Mineral Insulated (MI), Series Resistance, Freeze Protection
and Process Temperature Maintenance from 482F (250C) to 1022F (550C) with
Systems
Steam-Tracing

Steam Exposure (5,00010,000). A constant wattage Alloy 825 series resistance


heater is often the best choice for high temperature, longline, and corrosion re-
sistant applications.
1. MI cable shall be magnesium oxide insulated, with copper or alloy conductors
and an Incoloy 825 sheath. The heating section of the cable shall be joined to a
Sheets
Technical Data

cold lead also made of Incoloy 825.


Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 401


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
2. Each cable shall be factory-terminated to the required length, consisting of the
lengths required for the pipe or equipment, plus an allowance for areas of ad-
ditional heat loss, such as valves, anges, ttings, supports, and the like, plus
a reasonable excess to allow for eld variations. The cold lead section shall be
seven feet long unless otherwise specied.
3. Maximum heating cable sheath temperature, per either the FM or CSA method
of calculation, shall be submitted with the bid or design for all Division 1 and
Division 2 applications.
4. Each cable shall be shipped with the catalog number marked on the outside of
the package, and a permanent metallic cable tag containing the heating cable
length, wattage, voltage, and current draw. If the cable has been designed for a
hazardous location, the tag shall also indicate the area classication and heat-
tracing circuit number.
5. A warranty against manufacturing defects for a period of 10 years shall be
available.
6. The heating cable shall be Pyrotenax brand Alloy 825 MI mineral insulated
heating cable with a maximum application temperature for the heating units of
1022F (550C) and a maximum exposure temperature for the heating cable of
1200F (650C), as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.
F. Skin-Effect Tracing Systems, Circuit Lengths up to 15 Miles, Freeze Protection
and Process Temperature Maintenance up to 392F (200C), with or without
Steam Exposure. For very long lines, process temperature maintenance and
freeze protection, skin-effect tracing is usually the best choice.
1. The heating system shall consist of an electrically insulated, temperature-
resistant conductor with high-temperature, heavy-walled uoropolymer insu-
lation installed inside a heat tube and connected to the tube at the far end.
2. The heat tube shall be ferromagnetic and thermally coupled to the carrier pipe
that is being traced.
3. The design must be completed by the system manufacturer.
4. The installation should be supervised by the system manufacturer.
5. The heat-tracing system shall be Raychem STS (Skin-Effect Heat Tracing
System) as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.6 Heat-Trace Panels

3.6.1 GROUP HEAT-TRACING CIRCUIT CONTROL


A. For freeze protection or group control process-temperature maintenance sys-
tems, distribution panels shall consist of an enclosure, including a panelboard
with ground-fault protection devices (30mA trip level).
B. The panels shall provide ground-fault alarm capabilities.
C. If more than one circuit is required, a main contactor shall be used.
D. The panels shall operate with ambient-sensing or proportional ambient-sensing
controllers.
E. The panels shall be capable of remote temperature monitoring and alarming of
individual heat-tracing circuits.
F. The panels shall be CID2 approved for hazardous locations with Z-purge.
G. The panels shall be capable of providing audible and visible alarms.
H. The panel shall be the DigiTrace HTPG heat-tracing panel as manufactured by
Pentair Thermal Management.

3.6.2 INDIVIDUAL HEAT-TRACING CIRCUIT CONTROL


For individual control process temperature maintenance systems, distribution
panels shall consist of an enclosure, including a panelboard with ground-fault
protection devices (30mA trip level).
The panels shall provide ground-fault alarm capabilities.
Circuits shall be switched by individual contactors operated by line-sensing
controllers.
The panels shall be capable of remote temperature monitoring and alarming of
individual heat-tracing circuits.
The panels shall be CID2 approved for hazardous locations with Z-purge.

402 EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
The panels shall be capable of providing audible and visible alarms.

Cables
Power-Limiting
The panel shall be the DigiTrace HTPI heat-tracing panel as manufactured by
Pentair Thermal Management.

3.7 Control and Monitoring Systems

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
All control and monitoring systems shall be capable of communicating with a host
PC for central programming, status review, and alarm annunciation. All systems
shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
A. Alarm limits and setpoint temperatures shall be programmable from the central
monitoring and control panel in F and C. The system shall include an alphanu-
meric display with multilanguage support and password protection or lockable

Heating
Longline
cabinet to prevent unauthorized access to the system.
B. The system shall be switched by an external solid-state or mechanical relay with
a minimum rating of 30 Amps.
C. The system shall be capable of assigning one or more RTDs to a circuit to moni-
tor temperature. One RTD can be applied to control the heater circuit and a sec-

Bundles
RTB Tubing
ond RTD for another control point or to measure sheath temperature of a heater
for high temperature cutout.
D. The system shall monitor temperature, voltage, and line current to the systems.
(NGC-40 does not support voltage monitoring).
E. The system shall monitor ground-fault current and offer the option of alarm only
or alarm and trip if the ground fault exceeds the selectable level.

Tank Heating
3.7.1 MULTIPOINT, DISTRIBUTED ARCHITECTURE CONTROL AND MONITORING DEVICES
A. The system shall be eld-mounted and shall have FM, UL, CSA (or equivalent) ap-
proval for Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D when using a solid-state switching
device or using electromechanical relays and a Z-purge system.
B. The panel shall be complete with individual heat tracing circuit controller cards

Snow and Ice


(up to 5 heat-trace circuits per card), control contactors, power transformers (ad-
jacent to each panel), space heaters, or panel cooling system as required.
C. The control and monitoring system shall be rack mounted and have option to in-
clude integral power distribution panels.
D. The system shall provide a touch screen User Interface Terminal, either mounted
on the panel door or available as a remote mount unit if desired, to display cir-

Monitoring
Control and
cuit status, monitoring data and fault information as well as provide heat-tracing
circuit conguration capability. The User Interface Terminal shall be approved for
use in Class I Division 2 environments if required.
E. The system shall be capable of using resistance temperature detectors (RTDs)
that are wired directly to the central monitoring systems or to a remote RTD mod-

Panels
Heat-Trace
ule that communicates with the central monitoring system over a twisted pair. Up
to four RTDs sensor inputs for each circuit shall be available for a variety of com-
binations of temperature control, monitoring and alarming.
F. The system shall be compatible with all types of heating cables and capable of
performing the following functions:
1. Controlling and monitoring pipe temperatures.
Products
Engineered
2. Providing real-time temperature and alarm log readouts.
3. Providing alarms in the event of low or high pipe temperature, low or high
heater current, high ground-fault current, ground-fault trip, relay failure, and
sensor failure.
Systems
Steam-Tracing

4. Providing remote alarm annunciation.


5. Interfacing with personal computers and DCS systems.
G. The system shall provide three isolated solid-state alarm relays or dry contact re-
lays on the User Interface Terminal and 1 isolated solid state alarm relay or a dry
contact relay on each control board for alarm annunciation back to a Distributed
Control System (DCS). The 3 alarm relays on the User Interface Terminal shall
Sheets
Technical Data

be user programmable to indicate on any alarm or any combination of available


alarms. Each of the three alarm relays shall be independently programmable.
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 403


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
H. There shall be a means to upload heat-tracing circuit conguration and fault
threshold information into the control and monitoring system both from a remote
PC and via a local interface in the eld using a memory stick.
I. There shall be a means to download heat-tracing circuit conguration, fault
threshold information and fault history logs into a remote PC based system or in
the eld using a memory stick.
J. Electrical code-approved ground-fault detection equipment shall be integral to
the controller to simplify installation and reduce total cost.
K. The system shall allow up to four (4) RTD temperature inputs per heat tracing cir-
cuit for monitoring, control and fault indication.
L. The system shall support currents up to 60 Amps and voltages up to 600 V.
M. The system shall provide the following control mode options: On/Off Control with
a user selectable dead band, Proportional Ambient Sensing Control (PASC), Al-
ways On and Always Off. For the SSR output relay, in addition to the mentioned
control modes, Proportional Control mode with Power Limiting feature shall be
provided.
N. The control and monitoring system shall have a Network-ready Ethernet option to
provide communication to a host
O. The system shall be able to accept additional temperature inputs from the Digi-
Trace RMM2 Remote Monitoring Module. The system shall allow these additional
inputs to be assigned to any circuit within the control panel.
P. Enclosure types shall be NEMA 12 (paint steel, indoor installation), NEMA 4/3R
(painted steel outdoor installation), or NEMA 4X/3RX (stainless steel for corrosion
resistance and protection from moisture).
Q. System shall have a USB port connection for easy upgrades of system software.
R. PC running Windows-based DigiTrace Supervisor software for central program-
ming, status review, and alarm annunciation. The Control and Monitoring Sys-
tems shall support the Modbus RTU communications protocol and be supplied
complete with Ethernet, RS-485 and RS-232 communications interface capability.
S. The system shall be the DigiTrace NGC-30 heat-tracing control and monitoring
system, as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.7.2 MULTIPOINT SINGLE CIRCUIT CONTROL AND MONITORING SYSTEMS


A. The system shall have FM, UL or CSA (or equivalent) approval for Class I, Division
2, Groups A, B, C, D when using a solid-state switching device or using electro-
mechanical relays and a Z-purge system.
B. The system shall provide single, dedicated, independent control modules per
each heat tracing circuit to provide the highest level of heat management system
reliability.
C. The control and monitoring system shall be DIN Rail mounted and have option to
include integral power distribution panels.
D. Electrical code-approved ground-fault detection equipment shall be integral to
the controller.
E. The system shall support currents up to 60 Amps and voltages up to 600 V.
F. The system shall provide a 15-inch touch screen user interface mounted on the
panel, to display circuit status, monitoring data and fault information as well as
provide heat-tracing circuit conguration capability. A version of the User Inter-
face Terminal shall be approved for use in Class I Division 2 environments as re-
quired. A remote mountable version of the User Interface Terminal shall be avail-
able if locating the User Interface Terminal remotely from the panel is desired.
G. The panel shall be complete with individual heat-tracing circuit controller mod-
ules (1 per heat trace circuit), control contactors, circuit breakers, power trans-
formers (adjacent to each panel), space heaters, or panel cooling system as
required.
H. The system shall also provide control modules for three-phase heaters as re-
quired. The controllers shall monitor and report the current of all three phases
(L1, L2 and L3) separately. The high and low line current and ground-fault alarm
threshold set points shall be independently programmable for each phase.
I. The system shall be capable of using resistance temperature detectors (RTDs)
that are wired directly to the central monitoring systems or to RTD Input/Out-
put modules inside the control and monitoring panel. All temperatures may be
shared among all the control modules within a panel.

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ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
J. Each RTD Input/Output Module installed in the panel shall provide up to four ad-

Cables
Power-Limiting
ditional RTD inputs. The system shall allow these additional inputs to be assigned
to any circuit within the control panel. The Input/Output module should also be
able to aggregate and annunciate alarms for up to 80 control modules.
K. The system shall allow up to eight (8) RTD temperature inputs per heat tracing
circuit for monitoring, control and fault indication.
L. Each control module shall provide one alarm relay that may be connected to an

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
external annunciator.
M. The system shall provide additional isolated solid-state alarm relay or dry con-
tact relays as required for the application. These alarms can be used for alarm
annunciation back to a Distributed Control System (DCS), an alarm light on the
panel or other purposes as required.

Heating
Longline
N. Each control module shall provide one digital input that is programmable and
may be assigned to any control module for various functions such as forcing the
contactor or SSR on or off.
O. The system shall be compatible with all types of heating cables and capable of
performing the following functions:
1. Controlling and monitoring pipe temperatures.

Bundles
RTB Tubing
2. Providing real-time temperature and alarm log readouts.
3. Providing alarms in the event of low or high pipe temperature, low or high
heater current, high ground-fault current, ground-fault trip, relay failure, and
sensor failure.
4. Providing remote alarm annunciation.

Tank Heating
5. Interfacing with personal computers and DCS systems.
P. The system shall provide the following control mode options: On/Off Control with
a user selectable dead band, Proportional Ambient Sensing Control (PASC), Al-
ways On and Always Off. For the SSR output relay, in addition to the mentioned
control modes, Proportional Control mode with Power Limiting feature shall be

Snow and Ice


provided.
Q. The Control and Monitoring System shall be network-ready to provide communi-
cation to a host PC running Windows- based DigiTrace Supervisor software for
central programming, status review, and alarm annunciation. The Control and
Monitoring System shall support the Modbus RTU or ASCII communications pro-
tocol and be supplied complete with RS-232, RS-485 and Ethernet communica-

Monitoring
Control and
tions interface capability.
R. The system shall provide a means of upgrading/updating operating software and
rmware in the eld.
S. System shall have a USB port connection for easy upgrades of User Interface
touch screen software.

Panels
Heat-Trace
T. The system shall provide Circuit Breaker Limiting and Switch Limiting for protect-
ing circuit breakers and SSR relay outputs.
U. Enclosure types shall be NEMA 12 (paint steel, indoor installation), NEMA 4/3R
(painted steel outdoor installation), or NEMA 4X/3RX (stainless steel for corrosion
resistance and protection from moisture).
V. The system shall be the DigiTrace NGC-40 heat-tracing control system, as manu- Products
Engineered
factured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.7.3 POWER LINE CARRIER COMMUNICATIONS (PLI) OPTION FOR DIGITRACE NGC-30
CONTROL SYSTEMS (THIS SPECIFICATION IS INTENDED AS AN ADDENDUM TO SEC-
TION 3.7.1 WHICH COVERS THE NGC-30 CONTROL SYSTEM)
A. The system shall be capable of utilizing power line carrier (PLI) technology that
Systems
Steam-Tracing

uses the heating cable bus wires and power distribution wiring for communica-
tion, thus eliminating additional eld instrument/sensor wiring.
B. The PLI system shall consist of a PLI modules located in the Control System
panel which communicates with eld mountable connectors as follows:
1. DigiTrace Smart End Seal (SES) kits
Sheets
Technical Data

2. DigiTrace Smart Power Connection (SPC) kits


C. The NGC-30 system with PLI shall be tted with electromechanical relays for
heat-tracing circuit on/off control.
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 405


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
D. The NGC-30 system with PLI shall have FM, UL or CSA (or equivalent) approval
for Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D when using electromechanical relays and
a Z-purge system.
E. The PLI eld mountable connectors shall have FM, UL or CSA (or equivalent) ap-
proval for Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D for use in hazardous locations.
F. Temperature transmitters shall monitor temperature at any point along the heat-
tracing circuit, including teed-off heating segments and the end of the circuit and
may provide the option for line continuity monitoring and reporting.
G. For temperature monitoring with the PLI technology, the system shall use resis-
tance temperature detectors (RTDs) wired directly to the PLI temperature trans-
mitters. The PLI temperature transmitters shall communicate to a PLI Module
located in the NGC-30 panel over the power distribution wires and bus wires of
the heater.
H. The Control system shall also support temperature monitoring in addition to the
PLI system. The Control system and shall use resistance temperature detectors
(RTDs) that are wired directly to the monitoring and control panel or to a remote
module (RMM2) that communicates with the central monitoring and control sys-
tem via RS-485 twisted pair wiring. The system shall allow these additional inputs
to be assigned to any circuit within the control panel.
I. Electrical isolation between the plant environment and the system shall be pro-
vided by dedicated, shielded, heat-tracing isolation transformers and front end
lters.
J. The system shall provide a touch screen User Interface Terminal, to display moni-
toring, fault and status information of the PLI system as well as conguration
capability.
K. The PLI part of the system shall be compatible with the following types of heating
cables:
1. Raychem Self-Regulating heating cables
2. Raychem VPL heating cables (using SPC kits only)
3. Raychem SC heating cables
4. Pyrotenax MI heating cables (using SPC kits only)
L. The system shall be the DigiTrace NGC-30 heat tracing control & monitoring sys-
tem with PLI option as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.7.4 SINGLE- OR DUAL- POINT CONTROL AND MONITORING DEVICES


A. The system shall be eld-mounted and shall have FM or CSA approval for Class I,
Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D when using a solid-state switching device.
B. The system shall provide the user with the option of line-sensing control with a
user selectable dead band, ambient sensing, proportional ambient sensing, and
power limiting control modes.
C. The system shall provide an isolated solid-state alarm relay or a dry contact relay
for alarm annunciation back to a Distributed Control System (DCS).
D. Electrical code-approved ground-fault detection equipment shall be integral to
the controller to simplify installation and reduce total cost.
E. Enclosure type shall be NEMA 4X berglass reinforced plastic (FRP) or stainless
steel for corrosion resistance and protection from moisture.
F. The control and monitoring systems shall have a network-ready option to provide
communication to a host PC running Windows-based DigiTrace Supervisor soft-
ware for central programming, status review, and alarm annunciation. DigiTrace
Control and Monitoring Systems shall support the Modbus RTU or ASCII com-
munications protocol and be supplied complete with RS-232, RS-485 communica-
tions interface capability.
G. The system shall be the DigiTrace 910 or DigiTrace 920 heat-tracing control sys-
tem, as manufactured by Pentair Thermal Management.

3.8 Thermostats and Contactors


A. Freeze protection systems shall operate using self-regulating control or with the
DigiTrace AMC-1A or DigiTrace AMC-F5 thermostat and the DigiTrace E104-100A
or DigiTrace E304-40A contactor in nonhazardous locations, and DigiTrace AMC-
1H thermostat with Digitrace E307-40A contactor in hazardous locations, as
supplied by Pentair Thermal Management.

406 EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL HEAT-TRACING SYSTEMS
B. Process temperature maintenance systems shall operate using self-regulating

Cables
Power-Limiting
control or with DigiTrace AMC-1B thermostat and DigiTrace E104-100A or Digi-
Trace E304-40A contactor in nonhazardous locations and DigiTrace E507S-LS or
DigiTrace RAYSTAT-EX-03-A thermostats and DigiTrace E307-40A contactor in
hazardous locations, as supplied by Pentair Thermal Management.

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
4 ENGINEERING

A. The vendor shall be given a line list from which to design and estimate a complete
heat-tracing system. The bid package shall also include area layout and ortho-
graphic drawings.
B. The vendor shall provide a detailed design utilizing standard heat-tracing design

Heating
Longline
software, such as Pentair Thermal Management TraceCalc Pro design software
or equal. At minimum, the design must provide the following:
1. Circuit identication number
2. Maintain temperature
3. Line size and insulation

Bundles
RTB Tubing
4. Heat loss for pipe, valves, and supports
5. Amount and type of heating cable required
6. Spiral requirements
7. Heating cable service voltage

Tank Heating
8. Heating cable power output at the maintain temperature
9. Minimum and maximum maintain temperature vs. minimum and maximum
ambient temperatures
10. Circuit breaker and transformer sizing
C. The vendor shall provide heat-tracing isometric drawings at the buyers request,

Snow and Ice


using either hard copy or machine-readable CAD inputs.

5 TESTING

A. Factory inspections and tests for self-regulating, power limiting, series constant

Monitoring
Control and
wattage and constant wattage (MI) heater cables shall include but are not limited to
the following:
1. Testing shall be done per the latest IEEE Std. 515 test section and applicable
manufacturers standards.
2. In the eld, all heater cables shall be tested for insulation resistance. The

Panels
Heat-Trace
following separate eld megohmmeter readings shall be taken on each
self-regulating and each M.I. heater cable:
a. When received at jobsite before installation
b. After installation, but before insulation is applied
c. After insulation has been installed Products
Engineered
4. All three of the above eld megohmmeter readings shall be greater than 20
megohms. Otherwise, the heater cable is not acceptable and shall be replaced.
5. Field megohmmeter tests shall be recorded for each heater cable, and
certied reports shall be submitted to the user.

Pentair Thermal Management


Systems
Steam-Tracing

Tel: +1.800.545.6258
Tel: +1.650.216.1526
Fax: +1.800.527.5703
Fax: +1.650.474.7711
www.pentairthermal.com
Sheets
Technical Data

thermal.info@pentair.com
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingSpecification-ES-H57428 09/13 407


NEMA ENCLOSURE TYPES

DEFINITIONS PERTAINING TO NONHAZARDOUS LOCATIONS

Type 1 Enclosures Type 1 enclosures are intended for indoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against limited amounts of falling dirt.

Type 2 Enclosures Type 2 enclosures are intended for indoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against limited amounts of falling water.

Type 3 Enclosures Type 3 enclosures are intended for outdoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against rain, sleet, windblown dust, and damage from external ice
formation.

Type 3R Enclosures Type 3R enclosures are intended for outdoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against rain, sleet, damage from external ice formation, and must have a
drain hole.

Type 3S Enclosures Type 3S enclosures are intended for outdoor use primarily to provide a degree
of protection against rain, sleet, windblown dust, and to provide for operation of
external mechanisms when ice laden.

Type 4 Enclosures Type 4 enclosures are intended for indoor or outdoor use primarily to provide a
degree of protection against windblown dust and rain, splashing water, hose-directed
water, and damage from external ice formation.

Type 4X Enclosures Type 4X enclosures are intended for indoor or outdoor use primarily to provide a
degree of protection against corrosion, windblown dust and rain, splashing water,
hose-directed water, and damage from external ice formation.

Type 5 Enclosures Type 5 enclosures are intended for indoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against airborne dust, falling dirt, and dripping noncorrosive liquids.

Type 6 Enclosures Type 6 enclosures are intended for indoor or outdoor use primarily to provide
a degree of protection against hose-directed water, the entry of water during
temporary submersion at a limited depth, and damage from external ice formation.

Type 6P Enclosures Type 6P enclosures are intended for indoor or outdoor use primarily to provide
a degree of protection against hose-directed water, the entry of water during
prolonged submersion at a limited depth, and damage from external ice formation.

Type 12 Enclosures Type 12 enclosures are intended for indoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against circulating dust, falling dirt, and dripping noncorrosive liquids.

Type 12K Enclosures Type 12K enclosures with knockouts are intended for indoor use primarily to provide
a degree of protection against circulating dust, falling dirt, and dripping noncorrosive
liquids.

Type 13 Enclosures Type 13 enclosures are intended for indoor use primarily to provide a degree of
protection against dust, spraying of water, oil, and noncorrosive coolant.

408 EN-NEMAEnclosures-AR-H57429 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
NEMA ENCLOSURE TYPES

DEFINITIONS PERTAINING TO HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS

Cables
Power-Limiting
Type 7 Enclosures Type 7 enclosures are intended for indoor use in locations classied as Class I,
Groups A, B, C, or D, as dened in the National Electrical Code.

Type 8 Enclosures Type 8 enclosures are intended for indoor or outdoor use in locations classied as
Class I, Groups A, B, C, or D, as dened in the National Electrical Code.

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
Type 9 Enclosures Type 9 enclosures are intended for indoor use in locations classied as Class II,
Groups E, F, and G, as dened in the National Electrical Code*.

Type 10 Enclosures Type 10 enclosures are constructed to meet the applicable requirements of the Mine
Safety and Health Administration.

Heating
Longline
* Refer to NEMA Standards Publication No. 250 Enclosures for Electrical equipment (1000
Volts Maximum) or other third party certication standards for specic requirements for
product construction, testing and performance such as Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.,
Standard UL 50 Standards for Enclosures for Electrical Equipment, and UL886 Outlet
Boxes and Fittings for use in Hazardous (Classied) Locations.

Bundles
RTB Tubing
NEMA ENCLOSURE TYPES VS. IEC CLASSIFICATION DESIGNATION EQUIVALENTS

NEMA Enclosure Type Number IEC Enclosure Classication


1 IP 10

Tank Heating
2 IP 11
3 IP 54
3R IP 14
3S IP 54

Snow and Ice


4 and 4X IP 56
5 IP 52
6 and 6P IP 67
12 and 12K IP 52
13 IP 54

Monitoring
Control and
(one way conversion)
Note: This table cannot be used to convert from IEC classications to NEMA types.

Panels
Heat-Trace
Products
Engineered
Systems
Steam-Tracing
Sheets
Technical Data
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-NEMAEnclosures-AR-H57429 09/13 409


TYPICAL NEMA CIRCUIT BREAKER TRIP CURVE

Multiples of rated current

100
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9

1.5

10

15

20

30

40
50
60
70
80
90
1

4
5
6
7
8
9
10000 10000
9000 9000
8000 8000 This curve illustrates the current and time
7000 7000
6000 6000 needed to trip a typical circuit breaker. All
5000 5000
Raychem self-regulating heating cable
4000 4000
datasheets recommend circuit breaker
3000 3000
types and maximum circuit lengths that
2000 2000 meet this criteria. To avoid nuisance
1500 1500 tripping, do not exceed the maximum
specified circuit lengths.
1000 1000
900 900
800 800
700 700
600 600
500 500
400 400

300 300

200 200

150 150

10000
1000

1500

2000

3000

4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
150

200

300

400
500
600
700
800
900
100 100
90 90
80 80
70 70
60 60
50 50
40 40

30 30

20 20
Time in seconds

15 15

1 1
9 9
8 Tripped 8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4

3 3

2 2

1.5 1.5 Time in seconds


1 1
0.9 0.9
0.8 0.8
0.7 0.7
0.6 0.6
0.5 0.5
0.4 0.4

0.3
Not tripped 0.3

0.2 0.2

0.15 0.15

0.1 0.1
0.09 0.09
0.08 0.08
0.07 0.07
0.06 0.06
0.05 0.05
0.04 0.04

0.03 0.03
Maximum (at 50 Hz) 1 Cycle
1 Cycle (50 Hz)
0.02 0.02
(60 Hz)
0.015 0.015

Clearing time (at 60 Hz) 1/2 Cycle


0.01 0.01
0.009 1/2 Cycle (50 Hz) 0.009
0.008 0.008
0.007 (60 Hz) Unknown status (tolerance band) 0.007
0.006 0.006
0.005 0.005
150

200

300

400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

1500

2000

3000

4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1

1.5

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

15

20

30

40
50
60
70
80
90
100

Multiples of rated current

Thermal-magnetic time/current characteristics curve (NEMA standard)

410 EN-CircuitBreakerTripCurve-AR-H57430 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
Cables
Power-Limiting
RTD TEMPERATURE VS. RESISTANCE TABLE

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
RTD TEMPERATURE VS. RESISTANCE TABLE FOR AMERICAN CURVE, ALPHA = .00392 1 CELSIUS INCREMENTS

Heating
Longline
C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms
100 59.57 38 84.80 24 109.51 86 133.75 148 157.53 210 180.86 272 203.74 334 226.17 396 248.16
99 59.98 37 85.20 25 109.90 87 134.14 149 157.91 211 181.23 273 204.11 335 226.53 397 248.51
98 60.39 36 85.60 26 110.30 88 134.52 150 158.29 212 181.61 274 204.47 336 226.89 398 248.86

Bundles
RTB Tubing
97 60.80 35 86.01 27 110.69 89 134.91 151 158.67 213 181.98 275 204.84 337 227.25 399 249.21
96 61.21 34 86.41 28 111.09 90 135.30 152 159.05 214 182.35 276 205.20 338 227.61 400 249.56
95 61.63 33 86.81 29 111.48 91 135.68 153 159.43 215 182.72 277 205.57 339 227.96 401 249.91
94 62.04 32 87.21 30 111.88 92 136.07 154 159.81 216 183.09 278 205.93 340 228.32 402 250.26
93 62.45 31 87.61 31 112.27 93 136.46 155 160.19 217 183.47 279 206.30 341 228.68 403 250.61

Tank Heating
92 62.86 30 88.01 32 112.66 94 136.84 156 160.57 218 183.84 280 206.66 342 229.04 404 250.96
91 63.27 29 88.42 33 113.06 95 137.23 157 160.95 219 184.21 281 207.02 343 229.39 405 251.31
90 63.68 28 88.82 34 113.45 96 137.62 158 161.33 220 184.58 282 207.39 344 229.75 406 251.66
89 64.09 27 89.22 35 113.84 97 138.00 159 161.70 221 184.95 283 207.75 345 230.11 407 252.01

Snow and Ice


88 64.50 26 89.62 36 114.24 98 138.39 160 162.08 222 185.32 284 208.12 346 230.46 408 252.36
87 64.91 25 90.02 37 114.63 99 138.77 161 162.46 223 185.70 285 208.48 347 230.82 409 252.71
86 65.32 24 90.42 38 115.02 100 139.16 162 162.84 224 186.07 286 208.85 348 231.18 410 253.06
85 65.73 23 90.82 39 115.42 101 139.55 163 163.22 225 186.44 287 209.21 349 231.53 411 253.41
84 66.14 22 91.22 40 115.81 102 139.93 164 163.60 226 186.81 288 209.57 350 231.89 412 253.76

Monitoring
Control and
83 66.55 21 91.62 41 116.20 103 140.32 165 163.97 227 187.18 289 209.94 351 232.25 413 254.11
82 66.96 20 92.02 42 116.59 104 140.70 166 164.35 228 187.55 290 210.30 352 232.60 414 254.46
81 67.36 19 92.42 43 116.99 105 141.09 167 164.73 229 187.92 291 210.66 353 232.96 415 254.80
80 67.77 18 92.82 44 117.38 106 141.47 168 165.11 230 188.29 292 211.03 354 233.31 416 255.15

Panels
Heat-Trace
79 68.18 17 93.22 45 117.77 107 141.86 169 165.48 231 188.66 293 211.39 355 233.67 417 255.50
78 68.59 16 93.62 46 118.16 108 142.24 170 165.86 232 189.03 294 211.75 356 234.03 418 255.85
77 69.00 15 94.02 47 118.56 109 142.63 171 166.24 233 189.40 295 212.11 357 234.38 419 256.20
76 69.41 14 94.42 48 118.95 110 143.01 172 166.62 234 189.77 296 212.48 358 234.74 420 256.55
75 69.81 13 94.82 49 119.34 111 143.39 173 166.99 235 190.14 297 212.84 359 235.09 421 256.89
Products
Engineered
74 70.22 12 95.22 50 119.73 112 143.78 174 167.37 236 190.51 298 213.20 360 235.45 422 257.24
73 70.63 11 95.62 51 120.12 113 144.16 175 167.75 237 190.88 299 213.56 361 235.80 423 257.59
72 71.04 10 96.02 52 120.51 114 144.55 176 168.12 238 191.25 300 213.93 362 236.16 424 257.94
71 71.44 9 96.42 53 120.91 115 144.93 177 168.50 239 191.62 301 214.29 363 236.51 425 258.29
Systems
Steam-Tracing

70 71.85 8 96.81 54 121.30 116 145.31 178 168.88 240 191.99 302 214.65 364 236.87 426 258.63
69 72.26 7 97.21 55 121.69 117 145.70 179 169.25 241 192.36 303 215.01 365 237.22 427 258.98
68 72.66 6 97.61 56 122.08 118 146.08 180 169.63 242 192.73 304 215.37 366 237.58 428 259.33
67 73.07 5 98.01 57 122.47 119 146.47 181 170.00 243 193.09 305 215.74 367 237.93 429 259.67
66 73.48 4 98.41 58 122.86 120 146.85 182 170.38 244 193.46 306 216.10 368 238.28 430 260.02
Sheets
Technical Data

65 73.88 3 98.81 59 123.25 121 147.23 183 170.76 245 193.83 307 216.46 369 238.64 431 260.37
64 74.29 2 99.20 60 123.64 122 147.61 184 171.13 246 194.20 308 216.82 370 238.99 432 260.72
63 74.70 1 99.60 61 124.03 123 148.00 185 171.51 247 194.57 309 217.18 371 239.35 433 261.06
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-RTDTemperatureResistance-AR-H57431 09/13 411


RTD TEMPERATURE VS. RESISTANCE TABLE

RTD TEMPERATURE VS. RESISTANCE TABLE FOR AMERICAN CURVE, ALPHA = .00392 1 CELSIUS INCREMENTS
C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms C Ohms
62 75.10 0 100.00 62 124.42 124 148.38 186 171.88 248 194.94 310 217.54 372 239.70 434 261.41
61 75.51 1 100.40 63 124.81 125 148.76 187 172.26 249 195.31 311 217.90 373 240.05 435 261.75
60 75.91 2 100.80 64 125.20 126 149.15 188 172.63 250 195.67 312 218.26 374 240.41 436 262.10
59 76.32 3 101.19 65 125.59 127 149.53 189 173.01 251 196.04 313 218.63 375 240.76 437 262.45
58 76.72 4 101.59 66 125.98 128 149.91 190 173.38 252 196.41 314 218.99 376 241.11 438 262.79
57 77.13 5 101.99 67 126.37 129 150.29 191 173.76 253 196.78 315 219.35 377 241.47 439 263.14
56 77.53 6 102.38 68 126.76 130 150.67 192 174.13 254 197.14 316 219.71 378 241.82 440 263.49
55 77.94 7 102.78 69 127.15 131 151.06 193 174.51 255 197.51 317 220.07 379 242.17 441 263.83
54 78.34 8 103.18 70 127.54 132 151.44 194 174.88 256 197.88 318 220.43 380 242.53 442 264.18
53 78.75 9 103.57 71 127.93 133 151.82 195 175.26 257 198.25 319 220.79 381 242.88 443 264.52
52 79.15 10 103.97 72 128.32 134 152.20 196 175.63 258 198.61 320 221.15 382 243.23 444 264.87
51 79.56 11 104.37 73 128.71 135 152.58 197 176.01 259 198.98 321 221.51 383 243.58 445 265.21
50 79.96 12 104.76 74 129.09 136 152.96 198 176.38 260 199.35 322 221.87 384 243.94 446 265.56
49 80.36 13 105.16 75 129.48 137 153.35 199 176.75 261 199.71 323 222.23 385 244.29 447 265.90
48 80.77 14 105.56 76 129.87 138 153.73 200 177.13 262 200.08 324 222.59 386 244.64 448 266.25
47 81.17 15 105.95 77 130.26 139 154.11 201 177.50 263 200.45 325 222.94 387 244.99 449 266.59
46 81.58 16 106.35 78 130.65 140 154.49 202 177.88 264 200.81 326 223.30 388 245.35 450 266.94
45 81.98 17 106.74 79 131.04 141 154.87 203 178.25 265 201.18 327 223.66 389 245.70 451 267.28
44 82.38 18 107.14 80 131.42 142 155.25 204 178.62 266 201.55 328 224.02 390 246.05 452 267.63
43 82.79 19 107.53 81 131.81 143 155.63 205 179.00 267 201.91 329 224.38 391 246.40 453 267.97
42 83.19 20 107.93 82 132.20 144 156.01 206 179.37 268 202.28 330 224.74 392 246.75 454 268.31
41 83.59 21 108.32 83 132.59 145 156.39 207 179.74 269 202.64 331 225.10 393 247.10 455 268.66
40 83.99 22 108.72 84 132.98 146 156.77 208 180.12 270 203.01 332 225.46 394 247.46 456 269.00
39 84.40 23 109.11 85 133.36 147 157.15 209 180.49 271 203.38 333 225.81 395 247.81 457 269.35

412 EN-RTDTemperatureResistance-AR-H57431 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
Cables
Power-Limiting
UNIT CONVERSION TABLES

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
TABLE 1 EQUIVALENCE OF MISCELLANEOUS UNITS

Heating
Longline
Lengths
1 ft = 0.3048 m = 12 in = 0.3333 yd
1m = 3.28084 ft = 39.37008 in
1 mi = 5,280 ft = 1,760 yd = 1,609.34 m = 1.60934 km = 320 rd

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Areas
1 ft = 0.09290 m = 144 in = 0.11111 yd
1 m = 1550 in = 10.7639 ft = 1.19599 yd
1 acre = 43,560 ft = 4,840 yd = 0.40469 ha = 4046.87 m = 0.001563 mi
(hectare)

Tank Heating
1 mi = 640 acres = 3,097,600 yd = 2,589,988 m = 2.5899 km = 258.99 ha
1 km = 0.38610 mi = 247.104 acre = 100 ha
Masses and weights
1 lb = 0.45359 kg = 16 oz = 14.5833 oz (troy) = 0.0005 ton = 7000 grains

Snow and Ice


= 0.000464 long ton
1 kg = 2.2046 lb av = 2.6792 lb tr (troy) = 35.274 oz av = 15,432.4 grains = 0.00110 ton
= 0.001 m ton
1 ton = 2,000 lb = 907.185 kg = 32,000 oz = 0.90722 m ton
Volume and capacity

Monitoring
Control and
1 ft = 1728 in = 0.03704 yd = 0.028317 m = 29.9221 qt (liq) = 7.4806 gal (liq)
= 6.229 Imp gal (Br) = 0.80356 bu
1 yd = 46,656 in = 27 ft = 0.76456 m = 807.896 qt (liq) = 201.974 gal (liq)
= 21.6962 bu
(bushel)

Panels
Heat-Trace
1 gal (liq) = 231 in = 0.13368 ft = 4 qt = 0.83268 Imp gal = 0.00378543 m
1 m = 61,023 in = 35,314 ft = 1056.7 qt (liq) = 264.18 gal = 28.38 bu
= 1.308 yd

TABLE 2 CONVERSION FACTORS FOR THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY Products


(Multiply units of left column by appropriate factor* in table to obtain results in units designated at top of vertical column) Engineered

Btu/hftF Btu-in/hftF W/mC W/cmC cal/scmC kcal/hmC


Btu/hftF 1.0000 12.000 1.72958 0.017296 4.13378 x E-03 1.48816
Btuin/hftF 0.0833 1.000 0.14413 1.441314 x E-03 3.44481 x E-04 0.124013
W/mC 0.57818 6.9381 1.000 0.001 2.39006 x E-03 0.860422
Systems
Steam-Tracing

W/cmC 57.8175 693.810 100.000 1.000 0.23901 86.0422


cal/scmC 241.9090 2902.91 418.40 4.18400 1.000 360.000
kcal/hmC 0.671971 8.06365 1.16222 0.011622 2.77778 x E-03 1.000
Sheets
Technical Data

TABLE 3 CONVERSION FACTORS OF COEFFICIENTS OF HEAT TRANSFER


(Multiply units of left column by appropriate factor* in table to obtain results in units designated at top of vertical column)
Btu/h-ftF W/mC W/cmC kcal/hmC cal/scmC
Btu/hftF 1.0000 5.67446 5.67446 x E-04 4.88243 1.35623 x E-04
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-IndustrialHeatTracingUnitConversionTable-AR-H57432 09/13 413


UNIT CONVERSION TABLES

TABLE 3 CONVERSION FACTORS OF COEFFICIENTS OF HEAT TRANSFER


(Multiply units of left column by appropriate factor* in table to obtain results in units designated at top of vertical column)
Btu/h-ftF W/mC W/cmC kcal/hmC cal/scmC
W/mC 0.17623 1.000 1.0 x E-04 0.86042 2.3900 x E-03
W/cmC 1762.28 1.0 x E+04 1.000 8604.20 0.2390
kcal/hmC 0.20482 1.16222 1.16222 x E-04 1.000 2.77778
cal/scmC 7373.38 4.1840 x E-04 4.1840 3.6000 1.000

TABLE 4 CONVERSION FACTORS FOR ENERGY


(Multiply units of left column by appropriate factor* in table to obtain results in units designated at top of vertical column)
Btu J kWh kcal ftlbf
Btu 1.0000 1054.350 2.92875 x E-04 0.251996 778.21
J 9.478 x E-04 1.0000 2.77778 x E-07 2.39006 x E-04 7.3756 x E-01
kWh 3414.43 3.6 x E+06 1.0000 860.420 2.6552 x E+06
kcal 3.9656 4184.0 1.16222 x E-03 1.0000 3086.54
hph 2547.16 2.6864 x E-06 0.7457 641.6 1.9808 x E-06
ftlbf 1.28592 x E-03 1.355818 3.76616 x E-07 3.2405 x E-04 1.0000

TABLE 5 CONVERSION FACTORS FOR ENERGY IN RELATION TO TIME AND AREA


(Multiply units of left column by appropriate factor* in table to obtain results in units designated at top of vertical column)
Btu/hft Btu/hm W/ft W/m kcal/hm Btu/sft
Btu/hft 1.0000 10.7639 0.29288 3.15248 2.71428 2.77778 x E-04
Btu/hm 0.092903 1.0000 0.027209 0.29288 0.251996 2.58064 x E-05
W/ft 3.41443 36.7526 1.0000 10.76391 9.26142 9.48453 x E-04
W/m 0.31721 3.41442 0.092903 1.0000 0.86042 8.81138 x E-05
kcal/hm 0.36867 3.96832 0.10797 1.16222 1.0000 1.02408 x E-04
Btu/sft 3600.0 38750.0 1054.35 11348.9 9764.85 1.0000

TABLE 6 MISCELLANEOUS CONVERSION EQUIVALENTS


(lb/ft) (g/cm) (kg/m) (lb/gal)
lb/ft 1.000 = 0.0160185 = 16.01846 = 0.133680
g/cm 62.428 = 1.000 = 1000.0 = 8.34538
kg/m 0.062428 = 0.001 = 1.000 = 0.008345
lb/gal 7.4805 = 0.11982 = 119.82 = 1.000
Enthalpy and energy per unit mass
(Btu/lb) (kcal/kg) (J/g) (wh/kg)
Btu/lb 1.000 = 0.555556 = 2.32444 = 0.645679
kcal/kg 1.799 = 1.000 = 4.184 = 1.16222
J/g 0.430210 = 0.239006 = 1.000 = 0.277778
wh/kg 1.54876 = 0.860422 = 3.600 = 1.000
Specic heat and entropy
(Btu/lbR) (kcal/kgK) (kJ/kgK) (wh/kgK)
kcal/kgK 1.000 = 1.000 = 4.184 = 1.16222
kJ/kgK 0.239006 = 0.239006 = 1.000 = 0.277778
wh/kgK 0.860422 = 0.860422 = 3.600 = 1.000

414 EN-IndustrialHeatTracingUnitConversionTable-AR-H57432 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
UNIT CONVERSION TABLES

Cables
Power-Limiting
TABLE 7 TEMPERATURE CONVERSION
F = (C x 9/5) + 32 C = (F - 32) 5/9
F C F C F C F C F C
40 40 200 93 440 227 680 360 920 493
35 37 205 96 445 229 685 363 925 496

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
30 34 210 99 450 232 690 366 930 499
25 32 215 102 455 235 695 368 935 502
20 29 220 104 460 238 700 371 940 504
15 26 225 107 465 241 705 374 945 507
10 23 230 110 470 243 710 377 950 510

Heating
Longline
5 21 235 113 475 246 715 379 955 513
0 18 240 116 480 249 720 382 960 516
5 15 245 118 485 252 725 385 965 518
10 12 250 121 490 254 730 388 970 521
15 9 255 124 495 257 735 391 975 524

Bundles
RTB Tubing
20 7 260 127 500 260 740 393 980 527
25 4 265 129 505 263 745 396 985 529
30 1 270 132 510 266 750 399 990 532
35 2 275 135 515 268 755 402 995 535

Tank Heating
40 4 280 138 520 271 760 404 1000 538
45 7 285 141 525 274 765 407 1005 541
50 10 290 143 530 277 770 410 1010 543
55 13 295 146 535 279 775 413 1015 546
60 16 300 149 540 282 780 416 1020 549

Snow and Ice


65 18 305 152 545 285 785 418 1025 552
70 21 310 154 550 288 790 421 1030 554
75 24 315 157 555 291 795 424 1035 557
80 27 320 160 560 293 800 427 1040 560
85 29 325 163 565 296 805 429 1045 563

Monitoring
Control and
90 32 330 166 570 299 810 432 1050 566
95 35 335 168 575 302 815 435 1055 568
100 38 340 171 580 304 820 438 1060 571
105 41 345 174 585 307 825 441 1065 574
110 43 350 177 590 310 830 443 1070 577

Panels
Heat-Trace
115 46 355 179 595 313 835 446 1075 579
120 49 360 182 600 316 840 449 1080 582
125 52 365 185 605 318 845 452 1085 585
130 54 370 188 610 321 850 454 1090 588
135 57 375 191 615 324 855 457 1095 591
Products
Engineered
140 60 380 193 620 327 860 460 1100 593
145 63 385 196 625 329 865 463 1105 596
150 66 390 199 630 332 870 466 1110 599
155 68 395 202 635 335 875 468 1115 602
Systems
Steam-Tracing

160 71 400 204 640 338 880 471 1120 604


165 74 405 207 645 341 885 474 1125 607
170 77 410 210 650 343 890 477 1130 610
175 79 415 213 655 346 895 479 1135 613
180 82 420 216 660 349 900 482 1140 616
Sheets
Technical Data

185 85 425 218 665 352 905 485 1145 618


190 88 430 221 670 354 910 488 1150 621
195 91 435 224 675 357 915 491 1155 624
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-IndustrialHeatTracingUnitConversionTable-AR-H57432 09/13 415


GLOSSARY OF TERMS

ampacity The current (in amperes) that a wire can carry without exceeding its temperature
rating.
approved Acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction (for enforcement of the National
Electrical Code, for example).
ANSI American National Standards Institute.
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials.
ATEX Directive 94/9/EC A European product directive for hazardous locations designed to open up free
trade across Europe, and mandatory for all electrical and mechanical equipment
which may be used in potentially explosive atmospheres.
autoignition temperature (AIT) The AIT is the minimum temperature at which a material can spontaneously ignite
without an external source of ignition. This is different from the ash point of a
liquid, which is the lowest temperature at which the liquid gives off sufcient vapor
to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid or within the
vessel used. The ash point of gasoline is -50F and the AIT is 536F.
autotherming An operating characteristic of self-regulating heating cables that results in a
substantial change of its electrical resistance over a small temperature increment
the autotherming temperature is the temperature at which this change occurs.
Auto-Trace A historic trademark of the families of self-regulating heating cables manufactured
by Pentair Thermal Management (formerly the Chemelex Division of Raychem).
braid The wires woven around the heating cable that provide an electrical ground path.
branch-circuit The electrical current path from an individual branch-circuit breaker (or fuse) to all
connected heating cable circuits.
cable sets A preterminated MI heating cable complete with a heated section and nonheated
cold lead section.
CE Marking to show compliance with all essential safety requirements of European
Union directives.
CEC Canadian Electrical Code.
circuit breaker A device that opens and closes a circuit by nonautomatic means; it also opens the
circuit automatically on a predetermined overcurrent (without damage to itself)
when properly applied within its rating.
cladding An outer jacket, usually metallic, encasing the thermal insulation.
classied locations A location that is classied into a class, division, and group, or into a class, zone,
and group, because a re or explosion hazard may exist due to ammable gases or
vapors, ammable liquids, combustible dust, or ignitable bers or yings.
cold lead An electrically-insulated conductor that connects a heating cablecircuit conductor
to the branch-circuit conductors; it does not produce any appreciable heat. Mineral
insulated heating cables require the use of cold leads.
combustible dusts Any nely divided solid material of 20 microns or less in diameter (i.e., material
passing through a U.S. No. 40 Standard Sieve) that presents a re or explosion
hazard when dispersed and ignites in air or other gaseous oxidizer.
combustible liquid A liquid having a ash at or above 100F (37.8C).
conduction One of the three methods of heat transfer (the others: radiation and convection).
The transfer of heat by molecular motion without the bulk movement of material.

416 EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Conduction is the only way that heat can be transferred within a solid.

Cables
Power-Limiting
conductor A long thin piece of metal used to carry current. An insulated conductor is a wire.
constant-wattage heating cable Heating cables that have effectively the same power output over a large temperature
range. Zone heating cables that use Nichrome heating wires and most series-
resistance heating cables are examples of constant-wattage heating cables.

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
contactor A heavy-duty relay that controls electric power circuits.
continuity The presence of a complete path for current ow.
continuous load A load in which the maximum current is expected to continue for three hours or
more.
controller A device that regulates the state of a system by comparing a signal from a sensor

Heating
Longline
with a predetermined value and adjusts its output to the predetermined value.
Controllers used in electric heat-tracing systems normally include some form of
monitoring and alarming. Thermostats typically include little or no monitoring.
Temperature sensors used with controllers are usually electronic (thermocouple,
RTD, thermistor). Temperature sensors used with thermostats can be mechanical

Bundles
RTB Tubing
(bulb and capillary, bimetallic) or electronic.
convection One of the three methods of heat transfer (the others: conduction and radiation).
The transfer of heat by the bulk motion of a uid (liquid or gas). Convection is also
the transfer of heat between a solid and a uid.
corrosive environment An area where chemically-aggressive gases or liquids are present either in the pipe

Tank Heating
or in the surrounding atmosphere.
CSA International CSA International is a leading provider of product testing and certication services
worldwide. They test products for compliance to national and international
standards and issue certication marks for qualied products across North America
and around the world.

Snow and Ice


deadband The range through which a measured signal can vary without initiating a response
by the controlling device.
deadleg A segment of pipe that is designed to be in a permanent no-ow condition. This pipe
section is often created for use as a control point for a larger system.
dielectric A material with a large resistance to the ow of electricity; an insulator.

Monitoring
Control and
electric heat-tracing system A system of electric heating cables, connection kits, and a power distribution
system that may include cables, panelboards, and transformers whose purpose
is to maintain a piping system at or above a given temperature. The system may
also include a control system with sensors, alarms, and controllers. Electric heat-
tracing systems are sometimes referred to as electric pipe heating of trace-heating

Panels
Heat-Trace
systems.
electrical insulation (cable) The part of the cable that consists of dielectric (see above) material.
electromechanical relay (EMR) An electromechanical device that completes or interrupts a circuit by physically
moving electrical contacts into or out of contact with each other.
Products
equipment A general term including material, ttings, devices, appliances, xtures, apparatus, Engineered
and the like used as part of, or in connection with, an electrical installation.
explosion-proof A method of protection for electrical equipment used in Class I hazardous locations.
Explosion-proof apparatus is apparatus enclosed in a housing that is capable of
withstanding an explosion of a specied gas or vapor that may occur within it, and
of preventing the ignition of a specied gas or vapor surrounding the enclosure by
Systems
Steam-Tracing

sparks, ashes, or explosion of the gas or vapor within, and that operates at such an
external temperature that a surrounding ammable atmosphere will not be ignited
thereby.
factory fabricated A heating cable assembled by the manufacturer, including hot and cold end
terminations and cold lead. Mineral insulated (MI) cable is generally factory
Sheets
Technical Data

fabricated. Self-regulating heating cables are generally not factory fabricated.


eld assembled Heating cable supplied in bulk; terminating kits to be assembled (terminated) by
eld personnel.
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 417


GLOSSARY OF TERMS
ash point The minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor in sufcient
concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid, as
specied by tests.
FM Approvals FM Approvals offers worldwide quality management systems and certication and
testing services of industrial and commercial products to national and international
standards.
FM Approved A product or system which has been evaluated by FM Approvals, and found to
comply with a given standard or set of standards or has been evaluated for its use by
utilizing accepted engineering practices and performance approaches.
fuse An overcurrent protective device with a circuit-opening fusible part that is heated
and severed by the passage of overcurrent through it. A fuse is a one-use device,
unlike a circuit breaker, which can be reset and used many times.
ganging The practice of combining multiple heating cables onto one branch circuit breaker.
grounded Connected to earth or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth.
ground fault The passage of current from a circuit to earth-ground.
ground-fault circuit breaker A device that protects equipment; it turns off a circuit within an established period of
time when a current to ground exceeds some predetermined value (usually from 5 to
100 mA) which is less than that required to operate the overcurrent protective device
of the supply circuit.
ground-fault circuit interrupter A device intended for the protection of personnel; it turns off a circuit within an
established period of time when a current to ground exceeds some predetermined
value (usually 5 mA) which is less than that required to operate the overcurrent
protective device of the supply circuit.
ground-fault protection of equipment A system that protects equipment from damaging line-to-ground-fault currents
by disconnecting all ungrounded conductors of the faulted circuit. This protection
is provided at current levels less than those required to protect conductors from
damage from a supply circuit overcurrent device.
hazardous locations Same as a classied location. A location that is classied into a class, division, and
group, or into a class, zone, and group, because a re or explosion hazard may exist
due to ammable gases or vapors, ammable liquids, combustible dust, or ignitable
bers or yings. For a more detailed description, refer to the National Electrical
Code, Articles 500 through 503 in particular, as well as other related articles.
hazardous locations divisions Divisions 1 and 2 as dened in the National Electrical Code describe the likelihood
that a ammable or combustible mixture will be present in ignitable quantity.
hazardous locations groups Groups A, B, C, D, E, F, and G in the National Electrical Code Article 500
classication system, and Groups IIA, IIB and IIC in the National Electrical Code
Article 505 method of classication. For purposes of testing, approval, and area
classication, various air mixtures (not oxygen-enriched) are grouped together
because they have similar explosion characteristics.
heat loss The rate of energy lost from a pipe, vessel, or equipment to the surrounding
environment due to the difference in temperature between the pipe and the
surrounding environment. The heat loss needs to be calculated because the heat
tracing selected must be of sufcient power to replace the heat lost if the desired
temperature is to be maintained.
heat sink A part that conducts and dissipates heat away from the pipe or equipment. Heat
sinks can be pipe supports, valve operators, etc.
heat transfer aids Thermally-conductive materials, such as metallic foils or heat transfer cements,
used to increase the heat transfer rates from the heating cables to the process
piping or equipment.
heating cable circuit A discrete length of heating cable that is directly wired to a single power connection
kit at one end and terminated with an end seal kit. Intermediate branch heating
cables (connected to the primary run of heating cable with a tee connection kit)
are considered part of the heating cable circuit. Note that multiple-entry power
connection kits will accommodate multiple heating cable circuits.

418 EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
high-limit temperature The maximum allowable heat-tracing system temperature of the heat-traced

Cables
Power-Limiting
equipment. A marking that indicates the maximum temperature that a piece
of equipment will reach based upon a 40C (104F) ambient temperature. The
temperature marking is compared to the ignition temperature of explosive gases,
vapors, dusts, or yings that may be encountered in hazardous areas.
IECEx IEC System for Certication to Standards Relating to Equipment for Use in Explosive

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
Atmospheres.
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is the worlds largest professional
association for the advancement of innovation and technological excellence.
IEx - Institute of Certication IEx is a Brazilian company with international renowned experts in electrical
equipment for explosive atmospheres. IEx is accredited by IMETRO, National

Heating
Longline
Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality, for hazardous locations
products.
isometric An engineering drawing: a three dimensional view of the object or system.
jacket A thermoplastic or thermosetting plastic covering, sometimes fabric-reinforced,
applied over the insulation, core, metallic sheath, or armor of a cable.

Bundles
RTB Tubing
Joule effect The heating effect produced by the ow of current through resistance.
lagging See cladding.
listed In accordance with the National Electrical Code and other NFPA standards this
means equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization

Tank Heating
acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and concerned with product
evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment
or material, and whose listing states either that the equipment or material meets
appropriate designated standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a
specied manner.

Snow and Ice


maintain temperature Specied temperature of the uid or process material that the heat tracing is
designed to hold at equilibrium under specied design conditions, normally at
minimum ambient temperature.
maximum ambient temperature Highest expected environmental temperature surrounding the heat-traced object.
maximum contact temperature The maximum withstand temperature of the heat traced plastic pipe. The

Monitoring
Control and
temperature depends on its pressure rating and material.
maximum equilibrium temperature The highest equilibrium pipe temperature that occurs when the heating cable is
continuously energized at the maximum ambient temperature (dened as runaway
pipe temperature by IEEE 515).
maximum intermittent exposure temperature The highest temperature to which the heating cable may be exposed intermittently.

Panels
Heat-Trace
(power on or off) Dened as high-temperature excursions of not more than 48 hours in duration, with
total cumulative exposure of less than 1000 hours. Intermittent high-temperature
exposure may occur during process upset conditions or steam-cleaning operations.
maximum maintain temperature The highest temperature at which the heating cable may be operated continuously
(power on). Products
Engineered
maximum operating temperature The maximum temperature of the process uid during normal continuous
operation. This temperature may be the same as the maintain temperature, but it is
sometimes substantially higher. This is assumed to be the highest temperature to
which the heating cable will be continuously exposed.
minimum ambient temperature The lowest expected ambient temperature at the design location. The effect of wind
Systems
Steam-Tracing

is covered in the design. The wind chill factor should not be used.
minimum operating temperature The lowest process-operating temperature of the uid during ow conditions. This
temperature is frequently the same as the design maintain temperature.
NEC National Electrical Code.
Sheets
Technical Data

negative temperature coefcient A device or material whose resistance decreases with an increase in temperature
and increases with a decrease in temperature. A thermistor generally has a negative
temperature coefcient.
NEMA National Electric Manufacturers Association.
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 419


GLOSSARY OF TERMS
NFPA National Fire Protection Association is an international nonprot organization
established in 1896. The companys mission is to reduce the worldwide burden of
re and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating consensus
codes and standards, research, training and education.
noncorrosive environment An area where chemically-aggressive gases, vapors, or uids are not present.
orthographic An engineering drawing; the plan, section, and elevation views of the object.
outdoor location The installation is subjected to environmental extremes, including exposure to a
high wind velocity (assumed to be 20 mph [30 km/h] for an insulated, heat-traced
pipe).
overcurrent Any current in excess of the rated current of equipment or the ampacity of a
conductor. It may result from overload, short circuit, or ground fault. A current in
excess of rating may be accommodated by certain conductors for a given set of
conditions. Hence, the rules for overcurrent protection are specic to particular
situations.
overcurrent protective device An in-line component of an electric current used to cause and maintain the
interruption of current ow to the protected device when the protected device is
subjected to an overcurrent condition (e.g., circuit breaker, fuse).
overload Operation of equipment in excess of normal, full-load rating, or of a conductor in
excess of rated ampacity when, if it persists for a sufcient length of time, it would
cause damage or dangerous overheating. A fault, such as a short circuit or ground
fault, is not an overload.
oversize insulation A term applied to thermal insulation when the thermal insulation inner diameter
must be larger than the nominal outer diameter of a particular pipe in order to
accommodate the heating cable.
P & ID Piping and instrumentation diagram.
panelboard A single panel or group of panel units assembled in a single panel that includes
buses, and automatic overcurrent devices. A panelboard may or may not have
switches for the control of light, heat, or power circuits. Designed to be placed in
a cabinet or cutout box placed in or against a wall or partition and accessible only
from the front.
parallel heating cable A heating cable with heating elements that are electrically connected in parallel,
either continuously or in zones, such that watt density per linear length is
approximately equal along the length of the heating cable (allowing for the drop in
voltage down the length of the heating cable).
pipe schedule An index that species the nominal wall thickness as a function of pipe size.
pipe size The nominal diameter of the pipe. For tubing, the size and outside diameter are the
same.
pipe support A device for supporting a section of pipe.
pitch The degree of slope or the distance between two points of a spiraled heating cable.
PLI (Power Line carrier Interface) A set of components that provide temperature-
monitoring capability for heat-tracing control & monitoring systems by
communicating the temperature data to the control system using the heat tracing
and power distribution wiring thus eliminating the need for RTD wiring.
plot plan A representation of the layout of a particular facility or area. It typically shows the
position of roads, buildings and other constructions inside an industrial plant with
their coordinate lines.
positive temperature coefcient (PTC) A characteristic of a device or material whose resistance increases with an increase
in temperature and decreases with a decrease in temperature. Self-regulating
heating cables have positive temperature coefcients and are often referred to as
PTC heating cables.
power-limiting heating cable A type of heating cable that shows PTC behavior based on the properties of a
metallic heating element. The PTC behavior exhibited is much less (a smaller
change in resistance in response to a change in temperature) than that shown by
self-regulating heating cables.

420 EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS


ing Cables
Self-Regulat-
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
process control These terms are generally used to denote any heat-tracing application other than

Cables
Power-Limiting
(also process-temperature control) freeze protection of water lines.
process operating temperature The maximum temperature of the process uid during normal continuous
operation. This temperature may be the same as the maintain temperature, but it is
sometimes substantially higher. This is assumed to be the highest temperature to
which the heating cable will be continuously exposed.

lated Cables
Mineral Insu-
radiation One of the three methods of heat transfer (the others: conduction and convection).
The transfer of heat by the propagation of energy waves. When dealing with
insulated pipes and vessels the effect of radiation is usually insignicant.
rated output The expected minimum power output of a heating cable for a given set of conditions.
These conditions may include applied voltage, pipe or surface temperature, and

Heating
Longline
total length.
rated voltage The voltage to which operating and performance characteristics of heating cables
are referenced.
redundant or redundancy The introduction of auxiliary elements and components to a system to perform
the same function as other elements in the system for the purpose of improving

Bundles
RTB Tubing
reliability. Redundant electric heat-tracing systems consist of duplicate independent
heating cables and controllers, each with its own sensor supplied from separate
power systems, all independent of each other but all applied to the same
mechanical piping, valves, tanks, etc.
routine test A test carried out by the manufacturer of the heating cable during production.

Tank Heating
RMM2 Remote Monitoring Module which aggregates RTD temperature data in the eld
and sends it over one home run wire to the control & monitoring panel. This allows
reduction of RTD wiring runs in the eld while ensuring all temperature data is
provided to the heat tracing control & monitoring system.
self-regulating The inherent capability of polymer-core heating cables to inversely vary their power

Snow and Ice


output in response to an increase or decrease in the actual temperature in the
immediate vicinity of the heating cable.
sensor, sensing element The rst system element that responds quantitatively and performs the initial
measurement. In electrical heat-tracing systems, sensors respond to the
temperature of the system and may be directly connected to controllers. Sensors

Monitoring
Control and
can be mechanical (bulb and bellows, bimetallic) or electrical (thermocouple, RTD,
thermistor).
series heating cable A heating cable using a high resistance wire in order to create heat via electrical
resistance. These cables provide a constant heat output and cannot be overlapped.
SES Smart End Seal transmitter that enables monitoring signals to transmit through

Panels
Heat-Trace
heating cable bus wires and power cables. No additional eld wire is necessary. Part
of the Power Line Carrier Interface (PLI) option on DigiTrace control & monitoring
systems.
sheath The outermost continuous covering for the cable.
sheath temperature The temperature of the outermost heating cable jacket covering that may be
Products
Engineered
exposed to the surrounding atmosphere.
short circuit A fault consisting of a lower-resistance connection across a voltage source, which
normally results in an excessive current. It should cause the overcurrent device
(circuit breaker or fuse) to open.
Systems
Steam-Tracing

silicon-controlled rectier (SCR) A four-layer semiconductive device that is used as an electrical switch in ac and dc
circuits. An activation signal is required to turn the SCR on or off.
solid-state relay (SSR) A solid-state switching device that completes or interrupts a circuit electrically. An
SSR has no moving parts.
SPC Smart Power Connector is part of the Power Line Carrier Interface (PLI) option
Sheets
Technical Data

which allows MI and VPL technology heating cables to be used with the PLI option
on DigiTrace control & monitoring systems. The SPC takes the place of the power
connection kit.
Appendixes

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 421


GLOSSARY OF TERMS
start-up current The initial current drawn by a heating cable when it is energized at the start-up
temperature.
start-up temperature The lowest temperature expected at a time when the heat-tracing cable will be
switched on. This can be an important design consideration for self-regulating
cables because the start-up current depends on the start-up temperature.
system limit temperature The highest temperature that the heat-tracing system is allowed to impose on the
rest of the system. For example, a plastic pipe system will have a relatively low
system limit temperature to protect the plastic pipe. A temperature-sensitive uid
will have a system limit temperature to protect the uid from high temperatures
from the heating cable.
thermal insulation Material that is designed to have a low thermal conductivity. Thermal insulation is
placed on the outside of pipes and vessels to reduce the rate of heat loss.
thermistor A temperature-sensing element composed of sintered semiconductor material
which exhibits a large change in resistance in response to a small change in
temperature. Thermistors usually have negative temperature coefcients.
thermocouple A temperature-measuring device consisting of two wires of dissimilar metals.
The voltage difference across the wires can be related to the difference in the
temperature of the two junctions.
thermostat A device that senses temperature and activates a relay to control the ow of current
to a downstream device.
Touch 1500 A state-of-the-art 15-inch (381 mm) color display with touch screen technology user
interface for the DigiTrace NGC-40 system.
TraceCalc Pro Pentair Thermal Management's heat-tracing system design software. Performs
thermal calculations, selects products, and generates the required Bill of Materials
based upon the input design parameters.
turnkey installation Complete, cost-effective installation using front-line, direct-hire labor. Includes
complete documentation of the system.
type test A test or series of tests carried out on equipment; representative of a type, to
determine compliance of the design, construction, and manufacturing methods
within the requirements of this document.
UIT2 User Interface Terminal. This is the touch screen display used for local control and
monitoring of DigiTrace NGC-30 controllers.
UL Underwriters' Laboratories is an independent product safety certication
organization that tests products and writes standards for the safety of commercial
and industrial products.
V.A.S.T. Value-added steam tracing
volatile ammable liquid A ammable liquid having a ash point below 38C (100F), or a ammable liquid
whose temperature is above its ash point, or a combustible liquid having a vapor
pressure exceeding 40 psia at 38C (100F) whose temperature is above its ash
point.
watt-density Thermal output of heating cable in watts per unit area.
weather barrier A material or materials, which, when installed on the outer surface of thermal
insulation, protects the insulation from the weather, such as rain, snow, sleet, wind,
solar radiation, or atmospheric contamination and physical damage.
zone heating cable A parallel resistance heating cable which uses resistive element between the bus
wires to act as a heater. The resistive element makes contact with alternate bus
wires at a distance called zone length.

422 EN-HeatTracingGlossary-AR-H57433 09/13 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS




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