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DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR JUDUL SKRIPSI........................................................................... i


SURAT PERNYATAAN ORISINALITAS.................................................... ii
LEMBARAN PENGESAHAN JURUSAN.................................................... iii
LEMBARAN PENGESAHAN FAKULTAS................................................. iv
KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... v
HALAMAN PERSEMBAHAN...................................................................... vi
ABSTRAK ....................................................................................................... vii
INTISARI ......................................................................................................... viii
DAFTAR ISI..................................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR TABEL............................................................................................. xii
DAFTAR GAMBAR........................................................................................ xiv

BAB I PENDAHULUAN............................................................................... 1
1.1 Latar Belakang............................................................................. 1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah ....................................................................... 2
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ........................................................................ 3
1.3.1 Tujuan Umum .................................................................... 3
1.3.2 Tujuan Khusus ................................................................... 3
1.4 Manfaat Penelitian ...................................................................... 3
1.5 Ruang Lingkup Penelitian .......................................................... 4
1.6 Sistemaika Penulisan .................................................................. 4

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA..................................................................... 5


2.1 Teori Dasar Kebakaran .............................................................. 5
2.1.1 Teori Api .......................................................................... 5
2.1.1.1 Defenisi Api ........................................................ 5
2.1.1.2 Teori Segitiga Api ............................................... 5
2.1.1.3 Teori Bidang Empat Api ..................................... 6
2.1.2 Definisi Kebakaran .......................................................... 7

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2.1.3 Klasifikasi Kebakaran ...................................................... 7
2.2 Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran ........................................................ 9
2.2.1 Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran Aktif ..................................... 10
2.2.1.1 Sistem Deteksi dan Alarm Kebakaran................. 10
2.2.1.2 Hidran ................................................................. 13
2.2.1.3 Sprinker Otomatis .............................................. 15
2.2.1.4 Alat Pemadam Api Ringan ................................. 16
2.2.2 Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran Pasif ..................................... 19
2.2.2.1 Bahan Bangunan Gedung.................................... 20
2.2.2.2 Konstruksi Bangunan............................................ 20
2.2.2.3 Kompartemenisasi................................................ 21
2.2.3 Program Pemeriksaan dan Pemeliharaan Sarana
Kebakaran ................................................................................. 21
2.3 Sarana Penyelamatan Jiwa.......................................................... 23
2.3.1 Sarana Jalan Keluar ......................................................... 23
2.3.2 Petunjuk Arah Jalan Keluar ............................................. 24
2.3.3 Penerangan Darurat........................................................... 25
2.3.4 Tempat Berkumpul Sementara.......................................... 26

BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN .................................................... 27


3.1 Objek Penelitian.......................................................................... 27
3.1.1 Waktu Penelitian............................................................... 30
3.1.2 Keterbatasan Metode Penelitian........................................ 31
3.2 Metode Penelitian........................................................................ 31
3.2.1 Pengumpulan Data ............................................................ 31
3.2.1.1 Data Primer .......................................................... 31
3.2.1.2 Data Sekunder ...................................................... 31
3.3 Analisa Data................................................................................ 32
3.4 Diagram Alir dan Langkah Penelitian......................................... 32

BAB IV HASL DAN PEMBAHASAN ......................................................... 33

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4.1 Gambaran Subjek Penelitian......................................................... 33
4.2 Analisa Data dan Hasil Penelitian................................................. 33
4.2.1 Klasifikasi Kebakaran......................................................... 33
4.3 Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran........................................................... 34
4.3.1 Sistem Proteksi Aktif........................................................... 34
4.3.1.1 Sistem Pengindera dan Alarm Kebakaran............ 34
4.3.1.2 Hidran................................................................... 36
4.3.1.3 Sprinkler............................................................... 36
4.3.1.4 Alat Pemadam Api Ringan ................................... 37
4.3.2 Sistem Proteksi Pasif........................................................... 41
4.3.2.1 Bahan Bangunan Gedung..................................... 42
4.3.2.2 Konstruksi Bangunan............................................ 43
4.3.2.3 Kompartemenisasi................................................ 43
4.3.3 Sarana Penyelamat Jiwa ..................................................... 44
4.3.3.1 Sarana Jalan Keluar.............................................. 44
4.3.3.2 Petunjuk Arah Jalan Keluar.................................. 47
4.3.3.3 Penerangan Darurat.............................................. 50
4.3.3.4 Tempat Berkumpul Sementara.............................. 51
4.4 Mengidentifikasi Bahaya Kebakaran Pada Studi Kasus................ 52
BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN.......................................................... 55
5.1 Kesimpulan.................................................................................... 55
5.2 Saran ............................................................................................. 55

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